view src/hotspot/share/jfr/periodic/sampling/jfrThreadSampler.cpp @ 53537:1a534c7926cc

8210024: JFR calls virtual is_Java_thread from ~Thread() Reviewed-by: kbarrett, dholmes, dcubed, egahlin
author mgronlun
date Thu, 15 Nov 2018 11:10:04 +0100
parents f1bb77833b59
children 58154bf80f90
line wrap: on
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2012, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

#include "precompiled.hpp"
#include "jfr/jfrEvents.hpp"
#include "jfr/recorder/jfrRecorder.hpp"
#include "jfr/periodic/sampling/jfrCallTrace.hpp"
#include "jfr/periodic/sampling/jfrThreadSampler.hpp"
#include "jfr/recorder/service/jfrOptionSet.hpp"
#include "jfr/recorder/stacktrace/jfrStackTraceRepository.hpp"
#include "jfr/support/jfrThreadId.hpp"
#include "jfr/utilities/jfrTime.hpp"
#include "logging/log.hpp"
#include "runtime/frame.inline.hpp"
#include "runtime/os.hpp"
#include "runtime/semaphore.hpp"
#include "runtime/thread.inline.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadSMR.hpp"

enum JfrSampleType {
  NO_SAMPLE = 0,
  JAVA_SAMPLE = 1,
  NATIVE_SAMPLE = 2
};

static bool thread_state_in_java(JavaThread* thread) {
  assert(thread != NULL, "invariant");
  switch(thread->thread_state()) {
    case _thread_new:
    case _thread_uninitialized:
    case _thread_new_trans:
    case _thread_in_vm_trans:
    case _thread_blocked_trans:
    case _thread_in_native_trans:
    case _thread_blocked:
    case _thread_in_vm:
    case _thread_in_native:
    case _thread_in_Java_trans:
      break;
    case _thread_in_Java:
      return true;
    default:
      ShouldNotReachHere();
      break;
  }
  return false;
}

static bool thread_state_in_native(JavaThread* thread) {
  assert(thread != NULL, "invariant");
  switch(thread->thread_state()) {
    case _thread_new:
    case _thread_uninitialized:
    case _thread_new_trans:
    case _thread_blocked_trans:
    case _thread_blocked:
    case _thread_in_vm:
    case _thread_in_vm_trans:
    case _thread_in_Java_trans:
    case _thread_in_Java:
    case _thread_in_native_trans:
      break;
    case _thread_in_native:
      return true;
    default:
      ShouldNotReachHere();
      break;
  }
  return false;
}

class JfrThreadSampleClosure {
 public:
  JfrThreadSampleClosure(EventExecutionSample* events, EventNativeMethodSample* events_native);
  ~JfrThreadSampleClosure() {}
  EventExecutionSample* next_event() { return &_events[_added_java++]; }
  EventNativeMethodSample* next_event_native() { return &_events_native[_added_native++]; }
  void commit_events(JfrSampleType type);
  bool do_sample_thread(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames, JfrSampleType type);
  uint java_entries() { return _added_java; }
  uint native_entries() { return _added_native; }

 private:
  bool sample_thread_in_java(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames);
  bool sample_thread_in_native(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames);
  EventExecutionSample* _events;
  EventNativeMethodSample* _events_native;
  Thread* _self;
  uint _added_java;
  uint _added_native;
};

class OSThreadSampler : public os::SuspendedThreadTask {
 public:
  OSThreadSampler(JavaThread* thread,
                  JfrThreadSampleClosure& closure,
                  JfrStackFrame *frames,
                  u4 max_frames) : os::SuspendedThreadTask((Thread*)thread),
    _success(false),
    _stacktrace(frames, max_frames),
    _closure(closure),
    _suspend_time() {}

  void take_sample();
  void do_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context);
  void protected_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context);
  bool success() const { return _success; }
  const JfrStackTrace& stacktrace() const { return _stacktrace; }

 private:
  bool _success;
  JfrStackTrace _stacktrace;
  JfrThreadSampleClosure& _closure;
  JfrTicks _suspend_time;
};

class OSThreadSamplerCallback : public os::CrashProtectionCallback {
 public:
  OSThreadSamplerCallback(OSThreadSampler& sampler, const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext &context) :
    _sampler(sampler), _context(context) {
  }
  virtual void call() {
    _sampler.protected_task(_context);
  }
 private:
  OSThreadSampler& _sampler;
  const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& _context;
};

void OSThreadSampler::do_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context) {
#ifndef ASSERT
  guarantee(JfrOptionSet::sample_protection(), "Sample Protection should be on in product builds");
#endif
  assert(_suspend_time.value() == 0, "already timestamped!");
  _suspend_time = JfrTicks::now();

  if (JfrOptionSet::sample_protection()) {
    OSThreadSamplerCallback cb(*this, context);
    os::ThreadCrashProtection crash_protection;
    if (!crash_protection.call(cb)) {
      log_error(jfr)("Thread method sampler crashed");
    }
  } else {
    protected_task(context);
  }
}

/*
* From this method and down the call tree we attempt to protect against crashes
* using a signal handler / __try block. Don't take locks, rely on destructors or
* leave memory (in case of signal / exception) in an inconsistent state. */
void OSThreadSampler::protected_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context) {
  JavaThread* jth = (JavaThread*)context.thread();
  // Skip sample if we signaled a thread that moved to other state
  if (!thread_state_in_java(jth)) {
    return;
  }
  JfrGetCallTrace trace(true, jth);
  frame topframe;
  if (trace.get_topframe(context.ucontext(), topframe)) {
    if (_stacktrace.record_thread(*jth, topframe)) {
      /* If we managed to get a topframe and a stacktrace, create an event
      * and put it into our array. We can't call Jfr::_stacktraces.add()
      * here since it would allocate memory using malloc. Doing so while
      * the stopped thread is inside malloc would deadlock. */
      _success = true;
      EventExecutionSample *ev = _closure.next_event();
      ev->set_starttime(_suspend_time);
      ev->set_endtime(_suspend_time); // fake to not take an end time
      ev->set_sampledThread(JFR_THREAD_ID(jth));
      ev->set_state(java_lang_Thread::get_thread_status(jth->threadObj()));
    }
  }
}

void OSThreadSampler::take_sample() {
  run();
}

class JfrNativeSamplerCallback : public os::CrashProtectionCallback {
 public:
  JfrNativeSamplerCallback(JfrThreadSampleClosure& closure, JavaThread* jt, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames) :
    _closure(closure), _jt(jt), _stacktrace(frames, max_frames), _success(false) {
  }
  virtual void call();
  bool success() { return _success; }
  JfrStackTrace& stacktrace() { return _stacktrace; }

 private:
  JfrThreadSampleClosure& _closure;
  JavaThread* _jt;
  JfrStackTrace _stacktrace;
  bool _success;
};

static void write_native_event(JfrThreadSampleClosure& closure, JavaThread* jt) {
  EventNativeMethodSample *ev = closure.next_event_native();
  ev->set_starttime(JfrTicks::now());
  ev->set_sampledThread(JFR_THREAD_ID(jt));
  ev->set_state(java_lang_Thread::get_thread_status(jt->threadObj()));
}

void JfrNativeSamplerCallback::call() {
  // When a thread is only attach it will be native without a last java frame
  if (!_jt->has_last_Java_frame()) {
    return;
  }

  frame topframe = _jt->last_frame();
  frame first_java_frame;
  Method* method = NULL;
  JfrGetCallTrace gct(false, _jt);
  if (!gct.find_top_frame(topframe, &method, first_java_frame)) {
    return;
  }
  if (method == NULL) {
    return;
  }
  topframe = first_java_frame;
  _success = _stacktrace.record_thread(*_jt, topframe);
  if (_success) {
    write_native_event(_closure, _jt);
  }
}

bool JfrThreadSampleClosure::sample_thread_in_java(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames) {
  OSThreadSampler sampler(thread, *this, frames, max_frames);
  sampler.take_sample();
  /* We don't want to allocate any memory using malloc/etc while the thread
  * is stopped, so everything is stored in stack allocated memory until this
  * point where the thread has been resumed again, if the sampling was a success
  * we need to store the stacktrace in the stacktrace repository and update
  * the event with the id that was returned. */
  if (!sampler.success()) {
    return false;
  }
  EventExecutionSample *event = &_events[_added_java - 1];
  traceid id = JfrStackTraceRepository::add(sampler.stacktrace());
  assert(id != 0, "Stacktrace id should not be 0");
  event->set_stackTrace(id);
  return true;
}

bool JfrThreadSampleClosure::sample_thread_in_native(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames) {
  JfrNativeSamplerCallback cb(*this, thread, frames, max_frames);
  if (JfrOptionSet::sample_protection()) {
    os::ThreadCrashProtection crash_protection;
    if (!crash_protection.call(cb)) {
      log_error(jfr)("Thread method sampler crashed for native");
    }
  } else {
    cb.call();
  }
  if (!cb.success()) {
    return false;
  }
  EventNativeMethodSample *event = &_events_native[_added_native - 1];
  traceid id = JfrStackTraceRepository::add(cb.stacktrace());
  assert(id != 0, "Stacktrace id should not be 0");
  event->set_stackTrace(id);
  return true;
}

static const uint MAX_NR_OF_JAVA_SAMPLES = 5;
static const uint MAX_NR_OF_NATIVE_SAMPLES = 1;

void JfrThreadSampleClosure::commit_events(JfrSampleType type) {
  if (JAVA_SAMPLE == type) {
    assert(_added_java <= MAX_NR_OF_JAVA_SAMPLES, "invariant");
    for (uint i = 0; i < _added_java; ++i) {
      _events[i].commit();
    }
  } else {
    assert(NATIVE_SAMPLE == type, "invariant");
    assert(_added_native <= MAX_NR_OF_NATIVE_SAMPLES, "invariant");
    for (uint i = 0; i < _added_native; ++i) {
      _events_native[i].commit();
    }
  }
}

JfrThreadSampleClosure::JfrThreadSampleClosure(EventExecutionSample* events, EventNativeMethodSample* events_native) :
  _events(events),
  _events_native(events_native),
  _self(Thread::current()),
  _added_java(0),
  _added_native(0) {
}

class JfrThreadSampler : public NonJavaThread {
  friend class JfrThreadSampling;
 private:
  Semaphore _sample;
  Thread* _sampler_thread;
  JfrStackFrame* const _frames;
  JavaThread* _last_thread_java;
  JavaThread* _last_thread_native;
  size_t _interval_java;
  size_t _interval_native;
  int _cur_index;
  const u4 _max_frames;
  volatile bool _disenrolled;

  JavaThread* next_thread(ThreadsList* t_list, JavaThread* first_sampled, JavaThread* current);
  void task_stacktrace(JfrSampleType type, JavaThread** last_thread);
  JfrThreadSampler(size_t interval_java, size_t interval_native, u4 max_frames);
  ~JfrThreadSampler();

  void start_thread();

  void enroll();
  void disenroll();
  void set_java_interval(size_t interval) { _interval_java = interval; };
  void set_native_interval(size_t interval) { _interval_native = interval; };
  size_t get_java_interval() { return _interval_java; };
  size_t get_native_interval() { return _interval_native; };

 public:
  void run();
  static Monitor* transition_block() { return JfrThreadSampler_lock; }
  static void on_javathread_suspend(JavaThread* thread);
};

static void clear_transition_block(JavaThread* jt) {
  jt->clear_trace_flag();
  JfrThreadLocal* const tl = jt->jfr_thread_local();
  if (tl->is_trace_block()) {
    MutexLockerEx ml(JfrThreadSampler::transition_block(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    JfrThreadSampler::transition_block()->notify_all();
  }
}

bool JfrThreadSampleClosure::do_sample_thread(JavaThread* thread, JfrStackFrame* frames, u4 max_frames, JfrSampleType type) {
  assert(Threads_lock->owned_by_self(), "Holding the thread table lock.");
  if (thread->is_hidden_from_external_view() || thread->in_deopt_handler()) {
    return false;
  }

  bool ret = false;
  thread->set_trace_flag();
  if (JAVA_SAMPLE == type) {
    if (thread_state_in_java(thread)) {
      ret = sample_thread_in_java(thread, frames, max_frames);
    }
  } else {
    assert(NATIVE_SAMPLE == type, "invariant");
    if (thread_state_in_native(thread)) {
      ret = sample_thread_in_native(thread, frames, max_frames);
    }
  }
  clear_transition_block(thread);
  return ret;
}

JfrThreadSampler::JfrThreadSampler(size_t interval_java, size_t interval_native, u4 max_frames) :
  _sample(),
  _sampler_thread(NULL),
  _frames(JfrCHeapObj::new_array<JfrStackFrame>(max_frames)),
  _last_thread_java(NULL),
  _last_thread_native(NULL),
  _interval_java(interval_java),
  _interval_native(interval_native),
  _cur_index(-1),
  _max_frames(max_frames),
  _disenrolled(true) {
}

JfrThreadSampler::~JfrThreadSampler() {
  JfrCHeapObj::free(_frames, sizeof(JfrStackFrame) * _max_frames);
}

void JfrThreadSampler::on_javathread_suspend(JavaThread* thread) {
  JfrThreadLocal* const tl = thread->jfr_thread_local();
  tl->set_trace_block();
  {
    MutexLockerEx ml(transition_block(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    while (thread->is_trace_suspend()) {
      transition_block()->wait(true);
    }
    tl->clear_trace_block();
  }
}

JavaThread* JfrThreadSampler::next_thread(ThreadsList* t_list, JavaThread* first_sampled, JavaThread* current) {
  assert(t_list != NULL, "invariant");
  assert(Threads_lock->owned_by_self(), "Holding the thread table lock.");
  assert(_cur_index >= -1 && (uint)_cur_index + 1 <= t_list->length(), "invariant");
  assert((current == NULL && -1 == _cur_index) || (t_list->find_index_of_JavaThread(current) == _cur_index), "invariant");
  if ((uint)_cur_index + 1 == t_list->length()) {
    // wrap
    _cur_index = 0;
  } else {
    _cur_index++;
  }
  assert(_cur_index >= 0 && (uint)_cur_index < t_list->length(), "invariant");
  JavaThread* const next = t_list->thread_at(_cur_index);
  return next != first_sampled ? next : NULL;
}

void JfrThreadSampler::start_thread() {
  if (os::create_thread(this, os::os_thread)) {
    os::start_thread(this);
  } else {
    log_error(jfr)("Failed to create thread for thread sampling");
  }
}

void JfrThreadSampler::enroll() {
  if (_disenrolled) {
    log_info(jfr)("Enrolling thread sampler");
    _sample.signal();
    _disenrolled = false;
  }
}

void JfrThreadSampler::disenroll() {
  if (!_disenrolled) {
    _sample.wait();
    _disenrolled = true;
    log_info(jfr)("Disenrolling thread sampler");
  }
}

static jlong get_monotonic_ms() {
  return os::javaTimeNanos() / 1000000;
}

void JfrThreadSampler::run() {
  assert(_sampler_thread == NULL, "invariant");

  _sampler_thread = this;

  jlong last_java_ms = get_monotonic_ms();
  jlong last_native_ms = last_java_ms;
  while (true) {
    if (!_sample.trywait()) {
      // disenrolled
      _sample.wait();
      last_java_ms = get_monotonic_ms();
      last_native_ms = last_java_ms;
    }
    _sample.signal();
    jlong java_interval = _interval_java == 0 ? max_jlong : MAX2<jlong>(_interval_java, 10);
    jlong native_interval = _interval_native == 0 ? max_jlong : MAX2<jlong>(_interval_native, 10);

    jlong now_ms = get_monotonic_ms();

    jlong next_j = java_interval + last_java_ms - now_ms;
    jlong next_n = native_interval + last_native_ms - now_ms;

    jlong sleep_to_next = MIN2<jlong>(next_j, next_n);

    if (sleep_to_next > 0) {
      os::naked_short_sleep(sleep_to_next);
    }

    if ((next_j - sleep_to_next) <= 0) {
      task_stacktrace(JAVA_SAMPLE, &_last_thread_java);
      last_java_ms = get_monotonic_ms();
    }
    if ((next_n - sleep_to_next) <= 0) {
      task_stacktrace(NATIVE_SAMPLE, &_last_thread_native);
      last_native_ms = get_monotonic_ms();
    }
  }
  delete this;
}


void JfrThreadSampler::task_stacktrace(JfrSampleType type, JavaThread** last_thread) {
  ResourceMark rm;
  EventExecutionSample samples[MAX_NR_OF_JAVA_SAMPLES];
  EventNativeMethodSample samples_native[MAX_NR_OF_NATIVE_SAMPLES];
  JfrThreadSampleClosure sample_task(samples, samples_native);

  const uint sample_limit = JAVA_SAMPLE == type ? MAX_NR_OF_JAVA_SAMPLES : MAX_NR_OF_NATIVE_SAMPLES;
  uint num_sample_attempts = 0;
  JavaThread* start = NULL;

  {
    elapsedTimer sample_time;
    sample_time.start();
    {
      MonitorLockerEx tlock(Threads_lock, Mutex::_allow_vm_block_flag);
      ThreadsListHandle tlh;
      // Resolve a sample session relative start position index into the thread list array.
      // In cases where the last sampled thread is NULL or not-NULL but stale, find_index() returns -1.
      _cur_index = tlh.list()->find_index_of_JavaThread(*last_thread);
      JavaThread* current = _cur_index != -1 ? *last_thread : NULL;

      while (num_sample_attempts < sample_limit) {
        current = next_thread(tlh.list(), start, current);
        if (current == NULL) {
          break;
        }
        if (start == NULL) {
          start = current;  // remember the thread where we started to attempt sampling
        }
        if (current->is_Compiler_thread()) {
          continue;
        }
        sample_task.do_sample_thread(current, _frames, _max_frames, type);
        num_sample_attempts++;
      }
      *last_thread = current;  // remember the thread we last attempted to sample
    }
    sample_time.stop();
    log_trace(jfr)("JFR thread sampling done in %3.7f secs with %d java %d native samples",
                   sample_time.seconds(), sample_task.java_entries(), sample_task.native_entries());
  }
  if (num_sample_attempts > 0) {
    sample_task.commit_events(type);
  }
}

static JfrThreadSampling* _instance = NULL;

JfrThreadSampling& JfrThreadSampling::instance() {
  return *_instance;
}

JfrThreadSampling* JfrThreadSampling::create() {
  assert(_instance == NULL, "invariant");
  _instance = new JfrThreadSampling();
  return _instance;
}

void JfrThreadSampling::destroy() {
  if (_instance != NULL) {
    delete _instance;
    _instance = NULL;
  }
}

JfrThreadSampling::JfrThreadSampling() : _sampler(NULL) {}

JfrThreadSampling::~JfrThreadSampling() {
  if (_sampler != NULL) {
    _sampler->disenroll();
  }
}

static void log(size_t interval_java, size_t interval_native) {
  log_info(jfr)("Updated thread sampler for java: " SIZE_FORMAT "  ms, native " SIZE_FORMAT " ms", interval_java, interval_native);
}

void JfrThreadSampling::start_sampler(size_t interval_java, size_t interval_native) {
  assert(_sampler == NULL, "invariant");
  log_info(jfr)("Enrolling thread sampler");
  _sampler = new JfrThreadSampler(interval_java, interval_native, JfrOptionSet::stackdepth());
  _sampler->start_thread();
  _sampler->enroll();
}

void JfrThreadSampling::set_sampling_interval(bool java_interval, size_t period) {
  size_t interval_java = 0;
  size_t interval_native = 0;
  if (_sampler != NULL) {
    interval_java = _sampler->get_java_interval();
    interval_native = _sampler->get_native_interval();
  }
  if (java_interval) {
    interval_java = period;
  } else {
    interval_native = period;
  }
  if (interval_java > 0 || interval_native > 0) {
    if (_sampler == NULL) {
      log_info(jfr)("Creating thread sampler for java:%zu ms, native %zu ms", interval_java, interval_native);
      start_sampler(interval_java, interval_native);
    } else {
      _sampler->set_java_interval(interval_java);
      _sampler->set_native_interval(interval_native);
      _sampler->enroll();
    }
    assert(_sampler != NULL, "invariant");
    log(interval_java, interval_native);
  } else if (_sampler != NULL) {
    _sampler->disenroll();
  }
}

void JfrThreadSampling::set_java_sample_interval(size_t period) {
  if (_instance == NULL && 0 == period) {
    return;
  }
  instance().set_sampling_interval(true, period);
}

void JfrThreadSampling::set_native_sample_interval(size_t period) {
  if (_instance == NULL && 0 == period) {
    return;
  }
  instance().set_sampling_interval(false, period);
}

void JfrThreadSampling::on_javathread_suspend(JavaThread* thread) {
  JfrThreadSampler::on_javathread_suspend(thread);
}