view src/hotspot/share/utilities/hashtable.cpp @ 55693:5c7418757bad

8221872: Remove uses of ClassLoaderWeakHandle typedef in protection domain table Summary: Make consistent with StringTable and ResolvedMethodTable Reviewed-by: dholmes
author coleenp
date Wed, 03 Apr 2019 20:39:19 -0400
parents 3db8758f0f79
children 865ec913f916
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2003, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

#include "precompiled.hpp"
#include "classfile/altHashing.hpp"
#include "classfile/dictionary.hpp"
#include "classfile/javaClasses.inline.hpp"
#include "classfile/moduleEntry.hpp"
#include "classfile/packageEntry.hpp"
#include "classfile/placeholders.hpp"
#include "classfile/protectionDomainCache.hpp"
#include "classfile/stringTable.hpp"
#include "code/nmethod.hpp"
#include "logging/log.hpp"
#include "memory/allocation.inline.hpp"
#include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
#include "oops/oop.inline.hpp"
#include "oops/weakHandle.inline.hpp"
#include "runtime/safepoint.hpp"
#include "utilities/dtrace.hpp"
#include "utilities/hashtable.hpp"
#include "utilities/hashtable.inline.hpp"
#include "utilities/numberSeq.hpp"


// This hashtable is implemented as an open hash table with a fixed number of buckets.

template <MEMFLAGS F> BasicHashtableEntry<F>* BasicHashtable<F>::new_entry_free_list() {
  BasicHashtableEntry<F>* entry = NULL;
  if (_free_list != NULL) {
    entry = _free_list;
    _free_list = _free_list->next();
  }
  return entry;
}

// HashtableEntrys are allocated in blocks to reduce the space overhead.
template <MEMFLAGS F> BasicHashtableEntry<F>* BasicHashtable<F>::new_entry(unsigned int hashValue) {
  BasicHashtableEntry<F>* entry = new_entry_free_list();

  if (entry == NULL) {
    if (_first_free_entry + _entry_size >= _end_block) {
      int block_size = MIN2(512, MAX2((int)_table_size / 2, (int)_number_of_entries));
      int len = _entry_size * block_size;
      len = 1 << log2_int(len); // round down to power of 2
      assert(len >= _entry_size, "");
      _first_free_entry = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY2(char, len, F, CURRENT_PC);
      _entry_blocks->append(_first_free_entry);
      _end_block = _first_free_entry + len;
    }
    entry = (BasicHashtableEntry<F>*)_first_free_entry;
    _first_free_entry += _entry_size;
  }

  assert(_entry_size % HeapWordSize == 0, "");
  entry->set_hash(hashValue);
  return entry;
}


template <class T, MEMFLAGS F> HashtableEntry<T, F>* Hashtable<T, F>::new_entry(unsigned int hashValue, T obj) {
  HashtableEntry<T, F>* entry;

  entry = (HashtableEntry<T, F>*)BasicHashtable<F>::new_entry(hashValue);
  entry->set_literal(obj);
  return entry;
}

// Version of hashtable entry allocation that allocates in the C heap directly.
// The block allocator in BasicHashtable has less fragmentation, but the memory is not freed until
// the whole table is freed. Use allocate_new_entry() if you want to individually free the memory
// used by each entry
template <class T, MEMFLAGS F> HashtableEntry<T, F>* Hashtable<T, F>::allocate_new_entry(unsigned int hashValue, T obj) {
  HashtableEntry<T, F>* entry = (HashtableEntry<T, F>*) NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, this->entry_size(), F);

  entry->set_hash(hashValue);
  entry->set_literal(obj);
  entry->set_next(NULL);
  return entry;
}

template <MEMFLAGS F> void BasicHashtable<F>::free_buckets() {
  if (NULL != _buckets) {
    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(HashtableBucket, _buckets);
    _buckets = NULL;
  }
}

// For oops and Strings the size of the literal is interesting. For other types, nobody cares.
static int literal_size(ConstantPool*) { return 0; }
static int literal_size(Klass*)        { return 0; }
static int literal_size(nmethod*)      { return 0; }

static int literal_size(Symbol *symbol) {
  return symbol->size() * HeapWordSize;
}

static int literal_size(oop obj) {
  // NOTE: this would over-count if (pre-JDK8) java_lang_Class::has_offset_field() is true,
  // and the String.value array is shared by several Strings. However, starting from JDK8,
  // the String.value array is not shared anymore.
  if (obj == NULL) {
    return 0;
  } else if (obj->klass() == SystemDictionary::String_klass()) {
    return (obj->size() + java_lang_String::value(obj)->size()) * HeapWordSize;
  } else {
    return obj->size();
  }
}

static int literal_size(WeakHandle<vm_class_loader_data> v) {
  return literal_size(v.peek());
}

template <MEMFLAGS F> bool BasicHashtable<F>::resize(int new_size) {
  assert(SafepointSynchronize::is_at_safepoint(), "must be at safepoint");

  // Allocate new buckets
  HashtableBucket<F>* buckets_new = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY2_RETURN_NULL(HashtableBucket<F>, new_size, F, CURRENT_PC);
  if (buckets_new == NULL) {
    return false;
  }

  // Clear the new buckets
  for (int i = 0; i < new_size; i++) {
    buckets_new[i].clear();
  }

  int table_size_old = _table_size;
  // hash_to_index() uses _table_size, so switch the sizes now
  _table_size = new_size;

  // Move entries from the old table to a new table
  for (int index_old = 0; index_old < table_size_old; index_old++) {
    for (BasicHashtableEntry<F>* p = _buckets[index_old].get_entry(); p != NULL; ) {
      BasicHashtableEntry<F>* next = p->next();
      bool keep_shared = p->is_shared();
      int index_new = hash_to_index(p->hash());

      p->set_next(buckets_new[index_new].get_entry());
      buckets_new[index_new].set_entry(p);

      if (keep_shared) {
        p->set_shared();
      }
      p = next;
    }
  }

  // The old backets now can be released
  BasicHashtable<F>::free_buckets();

  // Switch to the new storage
  _buckets = buckets_new;

  return true;
}

template <MEMFLAGS F> bool BasicHashtable<F>::maybe_grow(int max_size, int load_factor) {
  assert(SafepointSynchronize::is_at_safepoint(), "must be at safepoint");

  if (table_size() >= max_size) {
    return false;
  }
  if (number_of_entries() / table_size() > load_factor) {
    resize(MIN2<int>(table_size() * 2, max_size));
    return true;
  } else {
    return false;
  }
}

// Dump footprint and bucket length statistics
//
// Note: if you create a new subclass of Hashtable<MyNewType, F>, you will need to
// add a new function static int literal_size(MyNewType lit)
// because I can't get template <class T> int literal_size(T) to pick the specializations for Symbol and oop.
//
// The StringTable and SymbolTable dumping print how much footprint is used by the String and Symbol
// literals.

template <class T, MEMFLAGS F> void Hashtable<T, F>::print_table_statistics(outputStream* st,
                                                                            const char *table_name,
                                                                            T (*literal_load_barrier)(HashtableEntry<T, F>*)) {
  NumberSeq summary;
  int literal_bytes = 0;
  for (int i = 0; i < this->table_size(); ++i) {
    int count = 0;
    for (HashtableEntry<T, F>* e = this->bucket(i);
         e != NULL; e = e->next()) {
      count++;
      T l = (literal_load_barrier != NULL) ? literal_load_barrier(e) : e->literal();
      literal_bytes += literal_size(l);
    }
    summary.add((double)count);
  }
  double num_buckets = summary.num();
  double num_entries = summary.sum();

  int bucket_bytes = (int)num_buckets * sizeof(HashtableBucket<F>);
  int entry_bytes  = (int)num_entries * sizeof(HashtableEntry<T, F>);
  int total_bytes = literal_bytes +  bucket_bytes + entry_bytes;

  int bucket_size  = (num_buckets <= 0) ? 0 : (bucket_bytes  / num_buckets);
  int entry_size   = (num_entries <= 0) ? 0 : (entry_bytes   / num_entries);

  st->print_cr("%s statistics:", table_name);
  st->print_cr("Number of buckets       : %9d = %9d bytes, each %d", (int)num_buckets, bucket_bytes,  bucket_size);
  st->print_cr("Number of entries       : %9d = %9d bytes, each %d", (int)num_entries, entry_bytes,   entry_size);
  if (literal_bytes != 0) {
    double literal_avg = (num_entries <= 0) ? 0 : (literal_bytes / num_entries);
    st->print_cr("Number of literals      : %9d = %9d bytes, avg %7.3f", (int)num_entries, literal_bytes, literal_avg);
  }
  st->print_cr("Total footprint         : %9s = %9d bytes", "", total_bytes);
  st->print_cr("Average bucket size     : %9.3f", summary.avg());
  st->print_cr("Variance of bucket size : %9.3f", summary.variance());
  st->print_cr("Std. dev. of bucket size: %9.3f", summary.sd());
  st->print_cr("Maximum bucket size     : %9d", (int)summary.maximum());
}

#ifndef PRODUCT
template <class T> void print_literal(T l) {
  l->print();
}

static void print_literal(WeakHandle<vm_class_loader_data> l) {
  l.print();
}

template <class T, MEMFLAGS F> void Hashtable<T, F>::print() {
  ResourceMark rm;

  for (int i = 0; i < BasicHashtable<F>::table_size(); i++) {
    HashtableEntry<T, F>* entry = bucket(i);
    while(entry != NULL) {
      tty->print("%d : ", i);
      print_literal(entry->literal());
      tty->cr();
      entry = entry->next();
    }
  }
}

template <MEMFLAGS F>
template <class T> void BasicHashtable<F>::verify_table(const char* table_name) {
  int element_count = 0;
  int max_bucket_count = 0;
  int max_bucket_number = 0;
  for (int index = 0; index < table_size(); index++) {
    int bucket_count = 0;
    for (T* probe = (T*)bucket(index); probe != NULL; probe = probe->next()) {
      probe->verify();
      bucket_count++;
    }
    element_count += bucket_count;
    if (bucket_count > max_bucket_count) {
      max_bucket_count = bucket_count;
      max_bucket_number = index;
    }
  }
  guarantee(number_of_entries() == element_count,
            "Verify of %s failed", table_name);

  // Log some statistics about the hashtable
  log_info(hashtables)("%s max bucket size %d bucket %d element count %d table size %d", table_name,
                       max_bucket_count, max_bucket_number, _number_of_entries, _table_size);
  if (_number_of_entries > 0 && log_is_enabled(Debug, hashtables)) {
    for (int index = 0; index < table_size(); index++) {
      int bucket_count = 0;
      for (T* probe = (T*)bucket(index); probe != NULL; probe = probe->next()) {
        log_debug(hashtables)("bucket %d hash " INTPTR_FORMAT, index, (intptr_t)probe->hash());
        bucket_count++;
      }
      if (bucket_count > 0) {
        log_debug(hashtables)("bucket %d count %d", index, bucket_count);
      }
    }
  }
}
#endif // PRODUCT

// Explicitly instantiate these types
template class Hashtable<nmethod*, mtGC>;
template class HashtableEntry<nmethod*, mtGC>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtGC>;
template class Hashtable<ConstantPool*, mtClass>;
template class Hashtable<Symbol*, mtSymbol>;
template class Hashtable<Klass*, mtClass>;
template class Hashtable<InstanceKlass*, mtClass>;
template class Hashtable<WeakHandle<vm_class_loader_data>, mtClass>;
template class Hashtable<Symbol*, mtModule>;
template class Hashtable<oop, mtSymbol>;
template class Hashtable<Symbol*, mtClass>;
template class HashtableEntry<Symbol*, mtSymbol>;
template class HashtableEntry<Symbol*, mtClass>;
template class HashtableEntry<oop, mtSymbol>;
template class HashtableEntry<WeakHandle<vm_class_loader_data>, mtClass>;
template class HashtableBucket<mtClass>;
template class BasicHashtableEntry<mtSymbol>;
template class BasicHashtableEntry<mtCode>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtClass>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtClassShared>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtSymbol>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtCode>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtInternal>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtModule>;
template class BasicHashtable<mtCompiler>;

template void BasicHashtable<mtClass>::verify_table<DictionaryEntry>(char const*);
template void BasicHashtable<mtModule>::verify_table<ModuleEntry>(char const*);
template void BasicHashtable<mtModule>::verify_table<PackageEntry>(char const*);
template void BasicHashtable<mtClass>::verify_table<ProtectionDomainCacheEntry>(char const*);
template void BasicHashtable<mtClass>::verify_table<PlaceholderEntry>(char const*);