changeset 49464:3acc342c0738

8196405: [REDO] NMT: add_committed_regions doesn't merge succeeding regions Reviewed-by: eosterlund, coleenp, zgu
author stefank
date Wed, 21 Feb 2018 12:40:05 +0100
parents c1353f585fc3
children 57d0c33ad636
files src/hotspot/share/services/memReporter.cpp src/hotspot/share/services/memTracker.hpp src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.cpp src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.hpp test/hotspot/gtest/runtime/test_virtualMemoryTracker.cpp test/hotspot/jtreg/runtime/NMT/VirtualAllocCommitMerge.java
diffstat 6 files changed, 1043 insertions(+), 163 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/src/hotspot/share/services/memReporter.cpp	Tue Feb 20 09:46:48 2018 -0800
+++ b/src/hotspot/share/services/memReporter.cpp	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@
   outputStream* out = output();
   const char* scale = current_scale();
   const NativeCallStack*  stack = reserved_rgn->call_stack();
-  bool all_committed = reserved_rgn->all_committed();
+  bool all_committed = reserved_rgn->size() == reserved_rgn->committed_size();
   const char* region_type = (all_committed ? "reserved and committed" : "reserved");
   out->print_cr(" ");
   print_virtual_memory_region(region_type, reserved_rgn->base(), reserved_rgn->size());
@@ -303,7 +303,17 @@
     stack->print_on(out, 4);
   }
 
-  if (all_committed) return;
+  if (all_committed) {
+    CommittedRegionIterator itr = reserved_rgn->iterate_committed_regions();
+    const CommittedMemoryRegion* committed_rgn = itr.next();
+    if (committed_rgn->size() == reserved_rgn->size() && committed_rgn->call_stack()->equals(*stack)) {
+      // One region spanning the entire reserved region, with the same stack trace.
+      // Don't print this regions because the "reserved and committed" line above
+      // already indicates that the region is comitted.
+      assert(itr.next() == NULL, "Unexpectedly more than one regions");
+      return;
+    }
+  }
 
   CommittedRegionIterator itr = reserved_rgn->iterate_committed_regions();
   const CommittedMemoryRegion* committed_rgn;
@@ -745,4 +755,3 @@
 
   out->print_cr(")\n");
  }
-
--- a/src/hotspot/share/services/memTracker.hpp	Tue Feb 20 09:46:48 2018 -0800
+++ b/src/hotspot/share/services/memTracker.hpp	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -113,6 +113,8 @@
 };
 
 class MemTracker : AllStatic {
+  friend class VirtualMemoryTrackerTest;
+
  public:
   static inline NMT_TrackingLevel tracking_level() {
     if (_tracking_level == NMT_unknown) {
@@ -215,8 +217,7 @@
     if (addr != NULL) {
       ThreadCritical tc;
       if (tracking_level() < NMT_summary) return;
-      VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region((address)addr, size,
-        stack, flag, true);
+      VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region((address)addr, size, stack, flag);
       VirtualMemoryTracker::add_committed_region((address)addr, size, stack);
     }
   }
--- a/src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.cpp	Tue Feb 20 09:46:48 2018 -0800
+++ b/src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.cpp	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 2013, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
  *
  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -48,57 +48,105 @@
   return r1.compare(r2);
 }
 
+static bool is_mergeable_with(CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn, address addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack) {
+  return rgn->adjacent_to(addr, size) && rgn->call_stack()->equals(stack);
+}
+
+static bool is_same_as(CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn, address addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack) {
+  // It would have made sense to use rgn->equals(...), but equals returns true for overlapping regions.
+  return rgn->same_region(addr, size) && rgn->call_stack()->equals(stack);
+}
+
+static LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* find_preceding_node_from(LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* from, address addr) {
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* preceding = NULL;
+
+  for (LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* node = from; node != NULL; node = node->next()) {
+    CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = node->data();
+
+    // We searched past the region start.
+    if (rgn->end() > addr) {
+      break;
+    }
+
+    preceding = node;
+  }
+
+  return preceding;
+}
+
+static bool try_merge_with(LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* node, address addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack) {
+  if (node != NULL) {
+    CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = node->data();
+
+    if (is_mergeable_with(rgn, addr, size, stack)) {
+      rgn->expand_region(addr, size);
+      return true;
+    }
+  }
+
+  return false;
+}
+
+static bool try_merge_with(LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* node, LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* other) {
+  if (other == NULL) {
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = other->data();
+  return try_merge_with(node, rgn->base(), rgn->size(), *rgn->call_stack());
+}
+
 bool ReservedMemoryRegion::add_committed_region(address addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack) {
   assert(addr != NULL, "Invalid address");
   assert(size > 0, "Invalid size");
   assert(contain_region(addr, size), "Not contain this region");
 
-  if (all_committed()) return true;
+  // Find the region that fully precedes the [addr, addr + size) region.
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* prev = find_preceding_node_from(_committed_regions.head(), addr);
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* next = (prev != NULL ? prev->next() : _committed_regions.head());
 
-  CommittedMemoryRegion committed_rgn(addr, size, stack);
-  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* node = _committed_regions.head();
-
-  while (node != NULL) {
-    CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = node->data();
-    if (rgn->same_region(addr, size)) {
+  if (next != NULL) {
+    // Ignore request if region already exists.
+    if (is_same_as(next->data(), addr, size, stack)) {
       return true;
     }
 
-    if (rgn->adjacent_to(addr, size)) {
-      // special case to expand prior region if there is no next region
-      LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* next = node->next();
-      if (next == NULL && rgn->call_stack()->equals(stack)) {
-        VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(rgn->size(), flag());
-        // the two adjacent regions have the same call stack, merge them
-        rgn->expand_region(addr, size);
-        VirtualMemorySummary::record_committed_memory(rgn->size(), flag());
-        return true;
-      }
-      }
+    // The new region is after prev, and either overlaps with the
+    // next region (and maybe more regions), or overlaps with no region.
+    if (next->data()->overlap_region(addr, size)) {
+      // Remove _all_ overlapping regions, and parts of regions,
+      // in preparation for the addition of this new region.
+      remove_uncommitted_region(addr, size);
 
-    if (rgn->overlap_region(addr, size)) {
-      // Clear a space for this region in the case it overlaps with any regions.
-      remove_uncommitted_region(addr, size);
-      break;  // commit below
+      // The remove could have split a region into two and created a
+      // new prev region. Need to reset the prev and next pointers.
+      prev = find_preceding_node_from((prev != NULL ? prev : _committed_regions.head()), addr);
+      next = (prev != NULL ? prev->next() : _committed_regions.head());
     }
-    if (rgn->end() >= addr + size){
-      break;
-    }
-    node = node->next();
   }
 
-    // New committed region
-    VirtualMemorySummary::record_committed_memory(size, flag());
-    return add_committed_region(committed_rgn);
+  // At this point the previous overlapping regions have been
+  // cleared, and the full region is guaranteed to be inserted.
+  VirtualMemorySummary::record_committed_memory(size, flag());
+
+  // Try to merge with prev and possibly next.
+  if (try_merge_with(prev, addr, size, stack)) {
+    if (try_merge_with(prev, next)) {
+      // prev was expanded to contain the new region
+      // and next, need to remove next from the list
+      _committed_regions.remove_after(prev);
+    }
+
+    return true;
   }
 
-void ReservedMemoryRegion::set_all_committed(bool b) {
-  if (all_committed() != b) {
-    _all_committed = b;
-    if (b) {
-      VirtualMemorySummary::record_committed_memory(size(), flag());
-    }
+  // Didn't merge with prev, try with next.
+  if (try_merge_with(next, addr, size, stack)) {
+    return true;
   }
+
+  // Couldn't merge with any regions - create a new region.
+  return add_committed_region(CommittedMemoryRegion(addr, size, stack));
 }
 
 bool ReservedMemoryRegion::remove_uncommitted_region(LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* node,
@@ -135,94 +183,57 @@
 }
 
 bool ReservedMemoryRegion::remove_uncommitted_region(address addr, size_t sz) {
-  // uncommit stack guard pages
-  if (flag() == mtThreadStack && !same_region(addr, sz)) {
-    return true;
-  }
-
   assert(addr != NULL, "Invalid address");
   assert(sz > 0, "Invalid size");
 
-  if (all_committed()) {
-    assert(_committed_regions.is_empty(), "Sanity check");
-    assert(contain_region(addr, sz), "Reserved region does not contain this region");
-    set_all_committed(false);
-    VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(sz, flag());
-    if (same_region(addr, sz)) {
+  CommittedMemoryRegion del_rgn(addr, sz, *call_stack());
+  address end = addr + sz;
+
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* head = _committed_regions.head();
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* prev = NULL;
+  CommittedMemoryRegion* crgn;
+
+  while (head != NULL) {
+    crgn = head->data();
+
+    if (crgn->same_region(addr, sz)) {
+      VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(crgn->size(), flag());
+      _committed_regions.remove_after(prev);
       return true;
-    } else {
-      CommittedMemoryRegion rgn(base(), size(), *call_stack());
-      if (rgn.base() == addr || rgn.end() == (addr + sz)) {
-        rgn.exclude_region(addr, sz);
-        return add_committed_region(rgn);
+    }
+
+    // del_rgn contains crgn
+    if (del_rgn.contain_region(crgn->base(), crgn->size())) {
+      VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(crgn->size(), flag());
+      head = head->next();
+      _committed_regions.remove_after(prev);
+      continue;  // don't update head or prev
+    }
+
+    // Found addr in the current crgn. There are 2 subcases:
+    if (crgn->contain_address(addr)) {
+
+      // (1) Found addr+size in current crgn as well. (del_rgn is contained in crgn)
+      if (crgn->contain_address(end - 1)) {
+        VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(sz, flag());
+        return remove_uncommitted_region(head, addr, sz); // done!
       } else {
-        // split this region
-        // top of the whole region
-        address top =rgn.end();
-        // use this region for lower part
-        size_t exclude_size = rgn.end() - addr;
-        rgn.exclude_region(addr, exclude_size);
-        if (add_committed_region(rgn)) {
-          // higher part
-          address high_base = addr + sz;
-          size_t  high_size = top - high_base;
-          CommittedMemoryRegion high_rgn(high_base, high_size, NativeCallStack::EMPTY_STACK);
-          return add_committed_region(high_rgn);
-        } else {
-          return false;
-        }
-      }
-    }
-  } else {
-    CommittedMemoryRegion del_rgn(addr, sz, *call_stack());
-    address end = addr + sz;
-
-    LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* head = _committed_regions.head();
-    LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* prev = NULL;
-    CommittedMemoryRegion* crgn;
-
-    while (head != NULL) {
-      crgn = head->data();
-
-      if (crgn->same_region(addr, sz)) {
-        VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(crgn->size(), flag());
-          _committed_regions.remove_after(prev);
-          return true;
+        // (2) Did not find del_rgn's end in crgn.
+        size_t size = crgn->end() - del_rgn.base();
+        crgn->exclude_region(addr, size);
+        VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(size, flag());
       }
 
-      // del_rgn contains crgn
-      if (del_rgn.contain_region(crgn->base(), crgn->size())) {
-          VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(crgn->size(), flag());
-          head = head->next();
-          _committed_regions.remove_after(prev);
-        continue;  // don't update head or prev
-        }
+    } else if (crgn->contain_address(end - 1)) {
+      // Found del_rgn's end, but not its base addr.
+      size_t size = del_rgn.end() - crgn->base();
+      crgn->exclude_region(crgn->base(), size);
+      VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(size, flag());
+      return true;  // should be done if the list is sorted properly!
+    }
 
-      // Found addr in the current crgn. There are 2 subcases:
-      if (crgn->contain_address(addr)) {
-
-        // (1) Found addr+size in current crgn as well. (del_rgn is contained in crgn)
-        if (crgn->contain_address(end - 1)) {
-          VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(sz, flag());
-          return remove_uncommitted_region(head, addr, sz); // done!
-        } else {
-          // (2) Did not find del_rgn's end in crgn.
-          size_t size = crgn->end() - del_rgn.base();
-          crgn->exclude_region(addr, size);
-          VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(size, flag());
-      }
-
-      } else if (crgn->contain_address(end - 1)) {
-      // Found del_rgn's end, but not its base addr.
-        size_t size = del_rgn.end() - crgn->base();
-        crgn->exclude_region(crgn->base(), size);
-        VirtualMemorySummary::record_uncommitted_memory(size, flag());
-        return true;  // should be done if the list is sorted properly!
-      }
-
-      prev = head;
-      head = head->next();
-    }
+    prev = head;
+    head = head->next();
   }
 
   return true;
@@ -256,18 +267,14 @@
 }
 
 size_t ReservedMemoryRegion::committed_size() const {
-  if (all_committed()) {
-    return size();
-  } else {
-    size_t committed = 0;
-    LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* head =
-      _committed_regions.head();
-    while (head != NULL) {
-      committed += head->data()->size();
-      head = head->next();
-    }
-    return committed;
+  size_t committed = 0;
+  LinkedListNode<CommittedMemoryRegion>* head =
+    _committed_regions.head();
+  while (head != NULL) {
+    committed += head->data()->size();
+    head = head->next();
   }
+  return committed;
 }
 
 void ReservedMemoryRegion::set_flag(MEMFLAGS f) {
@@ -296,22 +303,16 @@
 }
 
 bool VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region(address base_addr, size_t size,
-   const NativeCallStack& stack, MEMFLAGS flag, bool all_committed) {
+    const NativeCallStack& stack, MEMFLAGS flag) {
   assert(base_addr != NULL, "Invalid address");
   assert(size > 0, "Invalid size");
   assert(_reserved_regions != NULL, "Sanity check");
   ReservedMemoryRegion  rgn(base_addr, size, stack, flag);
   ReservedMemoryRegion* reserved_rgn = _reserved_regions->find(rgn);
-  LinkedListNode<ReservedMemoryRegion>* node;
+
   if (reserved_rgn == NULL) {
     VirtualMemorySummary::record_reserved_memory(size, flag);
-    node = _reserved_regions->add(rgn);
-    if (node != NULL) {
-      node->data()->set_all_committed(all_committed);
-      return true;
-    } else {
-      return false;
-    }
+    return _reserved_regions->add(rgn) != NULL;
   } else {
     if (reserved_rgn->same_region(base_addr, size)) {
       reserved_rgn->set_call_stack(stack);
--- a/src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.hpp	Tue Feb 20 09:46:48 2018 -0800
+++ b/src/hotspot/share/services/virtualMemoryTracker.hpp	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 2013, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
  *
  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -210,6 +210,8 @@
 
 
   inline bool overlap_region(address addr, size_t sz) const {
+    assert(sz > 0, "Invalid size");
+    assert(size() > 0, "Invalid size");
     VirtualMemoryRegion rgn(addr, sz);
     return contain_address(addr) ||
            contain_address(addr + sz - 1) ||
@@ -295,18 +297,14 @@
   NativeCallStack  _stack;
   MEMFLAGS         _flag;
 
-  bool             _all_committed;
-
  public:
   ReservedMemoryRegion(address base, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack,
     MEMFLAGS flag = mtNone) :
-    VirtualMemoryRegion(base, size), _stack(stack), _flag(flag),
-    _all_committed(false) { }
+    VirtualMemoryRegion(base, size), _stack(stack), _flag(flag) { }
 
 
   ReservedMemoryRegion(address base, size_t size) :
-    VirtualMemoryRegion(base, size), _stack(NativeCallStack::EMPTY_STACK), _flag(mtNone),
-    _all_committed(false) { }
+    VirtualMemoryRegion(base, size), _stack(NativeCallStack::EMPTY_STACK), _flag(mtNone) { }
 
   // Copy constructor
   ReservedMemoryRegion(const ReservedMemoryRegion& rr) :
@@ -347,9 +345,6 @@
   // the new region
   void    move_committed_regions(address addr, ReservedMemoryRegion& rgn);
 
-  inline bool all_committed() const { return _all_committed; }
-  void        set_all_committed(bool b);
-
   CommittedRegionIterator iterate_committed_regions() const {
     return CommittedRegionIterator(_committed_regions.head());
   }
@@ -360,17 +355,14 @@
 
     _stack =         *other.call_stack();
     _flag  =         other.flag();
-    _all_committed = other.all_committed();
-    if (other.all_committed()) {
-      set_all_committed(true);
-    } else {
-      CommittedRegionIterator itr = other.iterate_committed_regions();
-      const CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = itr.next();
-      while (rgn != NULL) {
-        _committed_regions.add(*rgn);
-        rgn = itr.next();
-      }
+
+    CommittedRegionIterator itr = other.iterate_committed_regions();
+    const CommittedMemoryRegion* rgn = itr.next();
+    while (rgn != NULL) {
+      _committed_regions.add(*rgn);
+      rgn = itr.next();
     }
+
     return *this;
   }
 
@@ -396,14 +388,15 @@
 
 // Main class called from MemTracker to track virtual memory allocations, commits and releases.
 class VirtualMemoryTracker : AllStatic {
+  friend class VirtualMemoryTrackerTest;
+
  public:
   static bool initialize(NMT_TrackingLevel level);
 
   // Late phase initialization
   static bool late_initialize(NMT_TrackingLevel level);
 
-  static bool add_reserved_region (address base_addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack,
-    MEMFLAGS flag = mtNone, bool all_committed = false);
+  static bool add_reserved_region (address base_addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack, MEMFLAGS flag = mtNone);
 
   static bool add_committed_region      (address base_addr, size_t size, const NativeCallStack& stack);
   static bool remove_uncommitted_region (address base_addr, size_t size);
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/hotspot/gtest/runtime/test_virtualMemoryTracker.cpp	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,550 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+#include "precompiled.hpp"
+
+// Included early because the NMT flags don't include it.
+#include "utilities/macros.hpp"
+
+#if INCLUDE_NMT
+
+#include "services/memTracker.hpp"
+#include "services/virtualMemoryTracker.hpp"
+#include "utilities/globalDefinitions.hpp"
+#include "unittest.hpp"
+
+namespace {
+  struct R {
+    address _addr;
+    size_t  _size;
+  };
+}
+
+#define check(rmr, regions) check_inner((rmr), (regions), ARRAY_SIZE(regions), __FILE__, __LINE__)
+
+#define check_empty(rmr)                              \
+  do {                                                \
+    check_inner((rmr), NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);  \
+  } while (false)
+
+static void check_inner(ReservedMemoryRegion* rmr, R* regions, size_t regions_size, const char* file, int line) {
+  CommittedRegionIterator iter = rmr->iterate_committed_regions();
+  size_t i = 0;
+  size_t size = 0;
+
+#define WHERE " from " << file << ":" << line
+
+  for (const CommittedMemoryRegion* region = iter.next(); region != NULL; region = iter.next()) {
+    EXPECT_LT(i, regions_size) << WHERE;
+    EXPECT_EQ(region->base(), regions[i]._addr) << WHERE;
+    EXPECT_EQ(region->size(), regions[i]._size) << WHERE;
+    size += region->size();
+    i++;
+  }
+
+  EXPECT_EQ(i, regions_size) << WHERE;
+  EXPECT_EQ(size, rmr->committed_size()) << WHERE;
+}
+
+class VirtualMemoryTrackerTest {
+public:
+  static void test_add_committed_region_adjacent() {
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::initialize(NMT_detail);
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::late_initialize(NMT_detail);
+
+    address addr = (address)0x10000000;
+    size_t size  = 0x01000000;
+
+    address frame1 = (address)0x1234;
+    address frame2 = (address)0x1235;
+
+    NativeCallStack stack(&frame1, 1);
+    NativeCallStack stack2(&frame2, 1);
+
+    // Add the reserved memory
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region(addr, size, stack, mtTest);
+
+    // Fetch the added RMR added above
+    ReservedMemoryRegion* rmr = VirtualMemoryTracker::_reserved_regions->find(ReservedMemoryRegion(addr, size));
+
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->size(), size);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->base(), addr);
+
+    // Commit Size Granularity
+    const size_t cs = 0x1000;
+
+    // Commit adjacent regions with same stack
+
+    { // Commit one region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr + cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent - lower address
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent - higher address
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // Cleanup
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 0u);
+
+
+    // Commit adjacent regions with different stacks
+
+    { // Commit one region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr + cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent - lower address
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr,      cs},
+                {addr + cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent - higher address
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr,          cs},
+                {addr +     cs, cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // Cleanup
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 0u);
+  }
+
+  static void test_add_committed_region_adjacent_overlapping() {
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::initialize(NMT_detail);
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::late_initialize(NMT_detail);
+
+    address addr = (address)0x10000000;
+    size_t size  = 0x01000000;
+
+    address frame1 = (address)0x1234;
+    address frame2 = (address)0x1235;
+
+    NativeCallStack stack(&frame1, 1);
+    NativeCallStack stack2(&frame2, 1);
+
+    // Add the reserved memory
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region(addr, size, stack, mtTest);
+
+    // Fetch the added RMR added above
+    ReservedMemoryRegion* rmr = VirtualMemoryTracker::_reserved_regions->find(ReservedMemoryRegion(addr, size));
+
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->size(), size);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->base(), addr);
+
+    // Commit Size Granularity
+    const size_t cs = 0x1000;
+
+    // Commit adjacent and overlapping regions with same stack
+
+    { // Commit two non-adjacent regions
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 2 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 3 * cs, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr,          2 * cs},
+                {addr + 3 * cs, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent and overlapping
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 5 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // revert to two non-adjacent regions
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 4 * cs);
+
+    { // Commit overlapping and adjacent
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 5 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // Cleanup
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 5 * cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 0u);
+
+
+    // Commit adjacent and overlapping regions with different stacks
+
+    { // Commit two non-adjacent regions
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 2 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 3 * cs, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr,          2 * cs},
+                {addr + 3 * cs, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit adjacent and overlapping
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, 2 * cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr,          2 * cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, 2 * cs},
+                {addr + 4 * cs,     cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // revert to two non-adjacent regions
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 5 * cs, stack);
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 4 * cs);
+
+    { // Commit overlapping and adjacent
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, 2 * cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr,              cs},
+                {addr +     cs, 2 * cs},
+                {addr + 3 * cs, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+  }
+
+  static void test_add_committed_region_overlapping() {
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::initialize(NMT_detail);
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::late_initialize(NMT_detail);
+
+    address addr = (address)0x10000000;
+    size_t size  = 0x01000000;
+
+    address frame1 = (address)0x1234;
+    address frame2 = (address)0x1235;
+
+    NativeCallStack stack(&frame1, 1);
+    NativeCallStack stack2(&frame2, 1);
+
+    // Add the reserved memory
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region(addr, size, stack, mtTest);
+
+    // Fetch the added RMR added above
+    ReservedMemoryRegion* rmr = VirtualMemoryTracker::_reserved_regions->find(ReservedMemoryRegion(addr, size));
+
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->size(), size);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->base(), addr);
+
+    // Commit Size Granularity
+    const size_t cs = 0x1000;
+
+    // With same stack
+
+    { // Commit one region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit the same region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit a succeeding region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit  over two regions
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    {// Commit first part of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit second part of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit a third part
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit in the middle of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 1 * cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // Cleanup
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 0u);
+
+    // With preceding region
+
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr,              cs, stack);
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, 3 * cs, stack);
+
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs,     cs, stack);
+    {
+      R r[] = { {addr,              cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 3 * cs,     cs, stack);
+    {
+      R r[] = { {addr,              cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 4 * cs,     cs, stack);
+    {
+      R r[] = { {addr,              cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    // Cleanup
+    rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 5 * cs);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->committed_size(), 0u);
+
+    // With different stacks
+
+    { // Commit one region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit the same region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit a succeeding region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr,      cs},
+                {addr + cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit  over two regions
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 2 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    {// Commit first part of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr,      cs},
+                {addr + cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit second part of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + cs, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit a third part
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack2);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+
+    { // Commit in the middle of a region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 1 * cs, cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr,          cs},
+                {addr +     cs, cs},
+                {addr + 2 * cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+    }
+  }
+
+  static void test_add_committed_region() {
+    test_add_committed_region_adjacent();
+    test_add_committed_region_adjacent_overlapping();
+    test_add_committed_region_overlapping();
+  }
+
+  template <size_t S>
+  static void fix(R r[S]) {
+
+  }
+
+  static void test_remove_uncommitted_region() {
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::initialize(NMT_detail);
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::late_initialize(NMT_detail);
+
+    address addr = (address)0x10000000;
+    size_t size  = 0x01000000;
+
+    address frame1 = (address)0x1234;
+    address frame2 = (address)0x1235;
+
+    NativeCallStack stack(&frame1, 1);
+    NativeCallStack stack2(&frame2, 1);
+
+    // Add the reserved memory
+    VirtualMemoryTracker::add_reserved_region(addr, size, stack, mtTest);
+
+    // Fetch the added RMR added above
+    ReservedMemoryRegion* rmr = VirtualMemoryTracker::_reserved_regions->find(ReservedMemoryRegion(addr, size));
+
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->size(), size);
+    ASSERT_EQ(rmr->base(), addr);
+
+    // Commit Size Granularity
+    const size_t cs = 0x1000;
+
+    { // Commit regions
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 3 * cs, stack);
+      R r[] = { {addr, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      // Remove only existing
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    {
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 0 * cs, cs, stack);
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack);
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 4 * cs, cs, stack);
+
+      { // Remove first
+        rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, cs);
+        R r[] = { {addr + 2 * cs, cs},
+                  {addr + 4 * cs, cs} };
+        check(rmr, r);
+      }
+
+      // add back
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr,          cs, stack);
+
+      { // Remove middle
+        rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs);
+        R r[] = { {addr + 0 * cs, cs},
+                  {addr + 4 * cs, cs} };
+        check(rmr, r);
+      }
+
+      // add back
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs, stack);
+
+      { // Remove end
+        rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 4 * cs, cs);
+        R r[] = { {addr + 0 * cs, cs},
+                  {addr + 2 * cs, cs} };
+        check(rmr, r);
+      }
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 5 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove larger region
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 1 * cs, cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove smaller region - in the middle
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 3 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 1 * cs, cs);
+      R r[] = { { addr + 0 * cs, cs},
+                { addr + 2 * cs, cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove smaller region - at the beginning
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 3 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 0 * cs, cs);
+      R r[] = { { addr + 1 * cs, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove smaller region - at the end
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 3 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 2 * cs, cs);
+      R r[] = { { addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove smaller, overlapping region - at the beginning
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr + 1 * cs, 4 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 2 * cs);
+      R r[] = { { addr + 2 * cs, 3 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 1 * cs, 4 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+
+    { // Remove smaller, overlapping region - at the end
+      rmr->add_committed_region(addr, 3 * cs, stack);
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr + 2 * cs, 2 * cs);
+      R r[] = { { addr, 2 * cs} };
+      check(rmr, r);
+
+      rmr->remove_uncommitted_region(addr, 3 * cs);
+      check_empty(rmr);
+    }
+  }
+};
+
+TEST_VM(VirtualMemoryTracker, add_committed_region) {
+  VirtualMemoryTrackerTest::test_add_committed_region();
+}
+
+TEST_VM(VirtualMemoryTracker, remove_uncommitted_region) {
+  VirtualMemoryTrackerTest::test_remove_uncommitted_region();
+}
+
+#endif // INCLUDE_NMT
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/hotspot/jtreg/runtime/NMT/VirtualAllocCommitMerge.java	Wed Feb 21 12:40:05 2018 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,326 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * @test
+ * @summary Test merging of committed virtual memory and that we track it correctly
+ * @key nmt jcmd
+ * @library /test/lib
+ * @modules java.base/jdk.internal.misc
+ *          java.management
+ * @build sun.hotspot.WhiteBox
+ * @run main ClassFileInstaller sun.hotspot.WhiteBox
+ * @run main/othervm -Xbootclasspath/a:. -XX:+UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions -XX:+WhiteBoxAPI -XX:NativeMemoryTracking=detail VirtualAllocCommitMerge
+ *
+ */
+
+import jdk.test.lib.process.ProcessTools;
+import jdk.test.lib.process.OutputAnalyzer;
+import jdk.test.lib.JDKToolFinder;
+
+import sun.hotspot.WhiteBox;
+
+public class VirtualAllocCommitMerge {
+
+    public static WhiteBox wb = WhiteBox.getWhiteBox();
+
+    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
+        OutputAnalyzer output;
+        long commitSize = 128 * 1024; // 128KB
+        long reserveSize = 4 * 1024 * 1024; // 4096KB
+        long addr;
+
+        String pid = Long.toString(ProcessTools.getProcessId());
+        ProcessBuilder pb = new ProcessBuilder();
+
+        // reserve
+        addr = wb.NMTReserveMemory(reserveSize);
+        pb.command(new String[] { JDKToolFinder.getJDKTool("jcmd"), pid,
+                "VM.native_memory", "detail" });
+
+        output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+        checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+        long addrA = addr + (0 * commitSize);
+        long addrB = addr + (1 * commitSize);
+        long addrC = addr + (2 * commitSize);
+        long addrD = addr + (3 * commitSize);
+        long addrE = addr + (4 * commitSize);
+
+        {
+            // commit overlapping ABC, A, B, C
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, 3 * commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, 3 * commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        // Test discontigous areas
+        {
+            // commit ACE
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrE, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, commitSize, "128KB");
+            checkCommitted(output, addrC, commitSize, "128KB");
+            checkCommitted(output, addrE, commitSize, "128KB");
+
+            // uncommit ACE
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrE, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        // Test contiguous areas
+        {
+            // commit AB
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "256KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 2 * commitSize, "256KB");
+
+            // uncommit AB
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit BA
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "256KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 2 * commitSize, "256KB");
+
+            // uncommit AB
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit ABC
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit ACB
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit BAC
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit BCA
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit CAB
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        {
+            // commit CBA
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTCommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "384KB");
+            checkReserved(output, addr, reserveSize, "4096KB");
+
+            checkCommitted(output, addrA, 3 * commitSize, "384KB");
+
+            // uncommit
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrC, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrB, commitSize);
+            wb.NMTUncommitMemory(addrA, commitSize);
+
+            output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+            checkReservedCommittedSummary(output, "4096KB", "0KB");
+        }
+
+        // release
+        wb.NMTReleaseMemory(addr, reserveSize);
+        output = new OutputAnalyzer(pb.start());
+        output.shouldNotContain("Test (reserved=");
+        output.shouldNotMatch("\\[0x[0]*" + Long.toHexString(addr) + " - 0x[0]*"
+                + Long.toHexString(addr + reserveSize) + "\\] reserved 4096KB for Test");
+    }
+
+    public static void checkReservedCommittedSummary(OutputAnalyzer output, String reservedString, String committedString) {
+        output.shouldContain("Test (reserved=" + reservedString + ", committed=" + committedString + ")");
+    }
+
+    public static void checkReserved(OutputAnalyzer output, long addr, long size, String sizeString) {
+        output.shouldMatch("\\[0x[0]*" + Long.toHexString(addr) + " - 0x[0]*"
+                           + Long.toHexString(addr + size)
+                           + "\\] reserved 4096KB for Test");
+    }
+
+    public static void checkCommitted(OutputAnalyzer output, long addr, long size, String sizeString) {
+        output.shouldMatch("\\[0x[0]*" + Long.toHexString(addr) + " - 0x[0]*"
+                           + Long.toHexString(addr + size)
+                           + "\\] committed " + sizeString + " from.*");
+    }
+}