view src/share/vm/gc_implementation/g1/heapRegion.cpp @ 5169:0114a0a4434c

7145569: G1: optimize nmethods scanning Summary: Add a list of nmethods to the RSet for a region that contain references into the region. Skip scanning the code cache during root scanning and scan the nmethod lists during RSet scanning instead. Reviewed-by: tschatzl, brutisso, mgerdin, twisti, kvn
author johnc
date Wed, 22 Jan 2014 13:28:27 +0100
parents 7afe50dc6b9f
children 05e7f9c0c822
line wrap: on
line source
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

#include "precompiled.hpp"
#include "code/nmethod.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/g1BlockOffsetTable.inline.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/g1CollectedHeap.inline.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/g1OopClosures.inline.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/heapRegion.inline.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/heapRegionRemSet.hpp"
#include "gc_implementation/g1/heapRegionSeq.inline.hpp"
#include "memory/genOopClosures.inline.hpp"
#include "memory/iterator.hpp"
#include "oops/oop.inline.hpp"

int    HeapRegion::LogOfHRGrainBytes = 0;
int    HeapRegion::LogOfHRGrainWords = 0;
size_t HeapRegion::GrainBytes        = 0;
size_t HeapRegion::GrainWords        = 0;
size_t HeapRegion::CardsPerRegion    = 0;

HeapRegionDCTOC::HeapRegionDCTOC(G1CollectedHeap* g1,
                                 HeapRegion* hr, OopClosure* cl,
                                 CardTableModRefBS::PrecisionStyle precision,
                                 FilterKind fk) :
  ContiguousSpaceDCTOC(hr, cl, precision, NULL),
  _hr(hr), _fk(fk), _g1(g1) { }

FilterOutOfRegionClosure::FilterOutOfRegionClosure(HeapRegion* r,
                                                   OopClosure* oc) :
  _r_bottom(r->bottom()), _r_end(r->end()), _oc(oc) { }

template<class ClosureType>
HeapWord* walk_mem_region_loop(ClosureType* cl, G1CollectedHeap* g1h,
                               HeapRegion* hr,
                               HeapWord* cur, HeapWord* top) {
  oop cur_oop = oop(cur);
  int oop_size = cur_oop->size();
  HeapWord* next_obj = cur + oop_size;
  while (next_obj < top) {
    // Keep filtering the remembered set.
    if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(cur_oop, hr)) {
      // Bottom lies entirely below top, so we can call the
      // non-memRegion version of oop_iterate below.
      cur_oop->oop_iterate(cl);
    }
    cur = next_obj;
    cur_oop = oop(cur);
    oop_size = cur_oop->size();
    next_obj = cur + oop_size;
  }
  return cur;
}

void HeapRegionDCTOC::walk_mem_region_with_cl(MemRegion mr,
                                              HeapWord* bottom,
                                              HeapWord* top,
                                              OopClosure* cl) {
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = _g1;
  int oop_size;
  OopClosure* cl2 = NULL;

  FilterIntoCSClosure intoCSFilt(this, g1h, cl);
  FilterOutOfRegionClosure outOfRegionFilt(_hr, cl);

  switch (_fk) {
  case NoFilterKind:          cl2 = cl; break;
  case IntoCSFilterKind:      cl2 = &intoCSFilt; break;
  case OutOfRegionFilterKind: cl2 = &outOfRegionFilt; break;
  default:                    ShouldNotReachHere();
  }

  // Start filtering what we add to the remembered set. If the object is
  // not considered dead, either because it is marked (in the mark bitmap)
  // or it was allocated after marking finished, then we add it. Otherwise
  // we can safely ignore the object.
  if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(oop(bottom), _hr)) {
    oop_size = oop(bottom)->oop_iterate(cl2, mr);
  } else {
    oop_size = oop(bottom)->size();
  }

  bottom += oop_size;

  if (bottom < top) {
    // We replicate the loop below for several kinds of possible filters.
    switch (_fk) {
    case NoFilterKind:
      bottom = walk_mem_region_loop(cl, g1h, _hr, bottom, top);
      break;

    case IntoCSFilterKind: {
      FilterIntoCSClosure filt(this, g1h, cl);
      bottom = walk_mem_region_loop(&filt, g1h, _hr, bottom, top);
      break;
    }

    case OutOfRegionFilterKind: {
      FilterOutOfRegionClosure filt(_hr, cl);
      bottom = walk_mem_region_loop(&filt, g1h, _hr, bottom, top);
      break;
    }

    default:
      ShouldNotReachHere();
    }

    // Last object. Need to do dead-obj filtering here too.
    if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(oop(bottom), _hr)) {
      oop(bottom)->oop_iterate(cl2, mr);
    }
  }
}

// Minimum region size; we won't go lower than that.
// We might want to decrease this in the future, to deal with small
// heaps a bit more efficiently.
#define MIN_REGION_SIZE  (      1024 * 1024 )

// Maximum region size; we don't go higher than that. There's a good
// reason for having an upper bound. We don't want regions to get too
// large, otherwise cleanup's effectiveness would decrease as there
// will be fewer opportunities to find totally empty regions after
// marking.
#define MAX_REGION_SIZE  ( 32 * 1024 * 1024 )

// The automatic region size calculation will try to have around this
// many regions in the heap (based on the min heap size).
#define TARGET_REGION_NUMBER          2048

void HeapRegion::setup_heap_region_size(uintx min_heap_size) {
  // region_size in bytes
  uintx region_size = G1HeapRegionSize;
  if (FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(G1HeapRegionSize)) {
    // We base the automatic calculation on the min heap size. This
    // can be problematic if the spread between min and max is quite
    // wide, imagine -Xms128m -Xmx32g. But, if we decided it based on
    // the max size, the region size might be way too large for the
    // min size. Either way, some users might have to set the region
    // size manually for some -Xms / -Xmx combos.

    region_size = MAX2(min_heap_size / TARGET_REGION_NUMBER,
                       (uintx) MIN_REGION_SIZE);
  }

  int region_size_log = log2_long((jlong) region_size);
  // Recalculate the region size to make sure it's a power of
  // 2. This means that region_size is the largest power of 2 that's
  // <= what we've calculated so far.
  region_size = ((uintx)1 << region_size_log);

  // Now make sure that we don't go over or under our limits.
  if (region_size < MIN_REGION_SIZE) {
    region_size = MIN_REGION_SIZE;
  } else if (region_size > MAX_REGION_SIZE) {
    region_size = MAX_REGION_SIZE;
  }

  if (region_size != G1HeapRegionSize) {
    // Update the flag to make sure that PrintFlagsFinal logs the correct value
    FLAG_SET_ERGO(uintx, G1HeapRegionSize, region_size);
  }

  // And recalculate the log.
  region_size_log = log2_long((jlong) region_size);

  // Now, set up the globals.
  guarantee(LogOfHRGrainBytes == 0, "we should only set it once");
  LogOfHRGrainBytes = region_size_log;

  guarantee(LogOfHRGrainWords == 0, "we should only set it once");
  LogOfHRGrainWords = LogOfHRGrainBytes - LogHeapWordSize;

  guarantee(GrainBytes == 0, "we should only set it once");
  // The cast to int is safe, given that we've bounded region_size by
  // MIN_REGION_SIZE and MAX_REGION_SIZE.
  GrainBytes = (size_t)region_size;

  guarantee(GrainWords == 0, "we should only set it once");
  GrainWords = GrainBytes >> LogHeapWordSize;
  guarantee((size_t) 1 << LogOfHRGrainWords == GrainWords, "sanity");

  guarantee(CardsPerRegion == 0, "we should only set it once");
  CardsPerRegion = GrainBytes >> CardTableModRefBS::card_shift;
}

void HeapRegion::reset_after_compaction() {
  G1OffsetTableContigSpace::reset_after_compaction();
  // After a compaction the mark bitmap is invalid, so we must
  // treat all objects as being inside the unmarked area.
  zero_marked_bytes();
  init_top_at_mark_start();
}

void HeapRegion::hr_clear(bool par, bool clear_space) {
  assert(_humongous_type == NotHumongous,
         "we should have already filtered out humongous regions");
  assert(_humongous_start_region == NULL,
         "we should have already filtered out humongous regions");
  assert(_end == _orig_end,
         "we should have already filtered out humongous regions");

  _in_collection_set = false;

  set_young_index_in_cset(-1);
  uninstall_surv_rate_group();
  set_young_type(NotYoung);
  reset_pre_dummy_top();

  if (!par) {
    // If this is parallel, this will be done later.
    HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
    hrrs->clear();
    _claimed = InitialClaimValue;
  }
  zero_marked_bytes();

  _offsets.resize(HeapRegion::GrainWords);
  init_top_at_mark_start();
  if (clear_space) clear(SpaceDecorator::Mangle);
}

void HeapRegion::par_clear() {
  assert(used() == 0, "the region should have been already cleared");
  assert(capacity() == HeapRegion::GrainBytes, "should be back to normal");
  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  hrrs->clear();
  CardTableModRefBS* ct_bs =
                   (CardTableModRefBS*)G1CollectedHeap::heap()->barrier_set();
  ct_bs->clear(MemRegion(bottom(), end()));
}

void HeapRegion::calc_gc_efficiency() {
  // GC efficiency is the ratio of how much space would be
  // reclaimed over how long we predict it would take to reclaim it.
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  G1CollectorPolicy* g1p = g1h->g1_policy();

  // Retrieve a prediction of the elapsed time for this region for
  // a mixed gc because the region will only be evacuated during a
  // mixed gc.
  double region_elapsed_time_ms =
    g1p->predict_region_elapsed_time_ms(this, false /* for_young_gc */);
  _gc_efficiency = (double) reclaimable_bytes() / region_elapsed_time_ms;
}

void HeapRegion::set_startsHumongous(HeapWord* new_top, HeapWord* new_end) {
  assert(!isHumongous(), "sanity / pre-condition");
  assert(end() == _orig_end,
         "Should be normal before the humongous object allocation");
  assert(top() == bottom(), "should be empty");
  assert(bottom() <= new_top && new_top <= new_end, "pre-condition");

  _humongous_type = StartsHumongous;
  _humongous_start_region = this;

  set_end(new_end);
  _offsets.set_for_starts_humongous(new_top);
}

void HeapRegion::set_continuesHumongous(HeapRegion* first_hr) {
  assert(!isHumongous(), "sanity / pre-condition");
  assert(end() == _orig_end,
         "Should be normal before the humongous object allocation");
  assert(top() == bottom(), "should be empty");
  assert(first_hr->startsHumongous(), "pre-condition");

  _humongous_type = ContinuesHumongous;
  _humongous_start_region = first_hr;
}

void HeapRegion::set_notHumongous() {
  assert(isHumongous(), "pre-condition");

  if (startsHumongous()) {
    assert(top() <= end(), "pre-condition");
    set_end(_orig_end);
    if (top() > end()) {
      // at least one "continues humongous" region after it
      set_top(end());
    }
  } else {
    // continues humongous
    assert(end() == _orig_end, "sanity");
  }

  assert(capacity() == HeapRegion::GrainBytes, "pre-condition");
  _humongous_type = NotHumongous;
  _humongous_start_region = NULL;
}

bool HeapRegion::claimHeapRegion(jint claimValue) {
  jint current = _claimed;
  if (current != claimValue) {
    jint res = Atomic::cmpxchg(claimValue, &_claimed, current);
    if (res == current) {
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

HeapWord* HeapRegion::next_block_start_careful(HeapWord* addr) {
  HeapWord* low = addr;
  HeapWord* high = end();
  while (low < high) {
    size_t diff = pointer_delta(high, low);
    // Must add one below to bias toward the high amount.  Otherwise, if
  // "high" were at the desired value, and "low" were one less, we
    // would not converge on "high".  This is not symmetric, because
    // we set "high" to a block start, which might be the right one,
    // which we don't do for "low".
    HeapWord* middle = low + (diff+1)/2;
    if (middle == high) return high;
    HeapWord* mid_bs = block_start_careful(middle);
    if (mid_bs < addr) {
      low = middle;
    } else {
      high = mid_bs;
    }
  }
  assert(low == high && low >= addr, "Didn't work.");
  return low;
}

void HeapRegion::initialize(MemRegion mr, bool clear_space, bool mangle_space) {
  G1OffsetTableContigSpace::initialize(mr, false, mangle_space);
  hr_clear(false/*par*/, clear_space);
}
#ifdef _MSC_VER // the use of 'this' below gets a warning, make it go away
#pragma warning( disable:4355 ) // 'this' : used in base member initializer list
#endif // _MSC_VER


HeapRegion::HeapRegion(uint hrs_index,
                       G1BlockOffsetSharedArray* sharedOffsetArray,
                       MemRegion mr, bool is_zeroed) :
    G1OffsetTableContigSpace(sharedOffsetArray, mr, is_zeroed),
    _hrs_index(hrs_index),
    _humongous_type(NotHumongous), _humongous_start_region(NULL),
    _in_collection_set(false),
    _next_in_special_set(NULL), _orig_end(NULL),
    _claimed(InitialClaimValue), _evacuation_failed(false),
    _prev_marked_bytes(0), _next_marked_bytes(0), _gc_efficiency(0.0),
    _young_type(NotYoung), _next_young_region(NULL),
    _next_dirty_cards_region(NULL), _next(NULL), _pending_removal(false),
#ifdef ASSERT
    _containing_set(NULL),
#endif // ASSERT
     _young_index_in_cset(-1), _surv_rate_group(NULL), _age_index(-1),
    _rem_set(NULL), _recorded_rs_length(0), _predicted_elapsed_time_ms(0),
    _predicted_bytes_to_copy(0)
{
  _rem_set = new HeapRegionRemSet(sharedOffsetArray, this);
  _orig_end = mr.end();
  // Note that initialize() will set the start of the unmarked area of the
  // region.
  this->initialize(mr, !is_zeroed, SpaceDecorator::Mangle);
  set_top(bottom());
  set_saved_mark();

  assert(HeapRegionRemSet::num_par_rem_sets() > 0, "Invariant.");
}

CompactibleSpace* HeapRegion::next_compaction_space() const {
  // We're not using an iterator given that it will wrap around when
  // it reaches the last region and this is not what we want here.
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  uint index = hrs_index() + 1;
  while (index < g1h->n_regions()) {
    HeapRegion* hr = g1h->region_at(index);
    if (!hr->isHumongous()) {
      return hr;
    }
    index += 1;
  }
  return NULL;
}

void HeapRegion::save_marks() {
  set_saved_mark();
}

void HeapRegion::oops_in_mr_iterate(MemRegion mr, OopClosure* cl) {
  HeapWord* p = mr.start();
  HeapWord* e = mr.end();
  oop obj;
  while (p < e) {
    obj = oop(p);
    p += obj->oop_iterate(cl);
  }
  assert(p == e, "bad memregion: doesn't end on obj boundary");
}

#define HeapRegion_OOP_SINCE_SAVE_MARKS_DEFN(OopClosureType, nv_suffix) \
void HeapRegion::oop_since_save_marks_iterate##nv_suffix(OopClosureType* cl) { \
  ContiguousSpace::oop_since_save_marks_iterate##nv_suffix(cl);              \
}
SPECIALIZED_SINCE_SAVE_MARKS_CLOSURES(HeapRegion_OOP_SINCE_SAVE_MARKS_DEFN)


void HeapRegion::oop_before_save_marks_iterate(OopClosure* cl) {
  oops_in_mr_iterate(MemRegion(bottom(), saved_mark_word()), cl);
}

void HeapRegion::note_self_forwarding_removal_start(bool during_initial_mark,
                                                    bool during_conc_mark) {
  // We always recreate the prev marking info and we'll explicitly
  // mark all objects we find to be self-forwarded on the prev
  // bitmap. So all objects need to be below PTAMS.
  _prev_top_at_mark_start = top();
  _prev_marked_bytes = 0;

  if (during_initial_mark) {
    // During initial-mark, we'll also explicitly mark all objects
    // we find to be self-forwarded on the next bitmap. So all
    // objects need to be below NTAMS.
    _next_top_at_mark_start = top();
    _next_marked_bytes = 0;
  } else if (during_conc_mark) {
    // During concurrent mark, all objects in the CSet (including
    // the ones we find to be self-forwarded) are implicitly live.
    // So all objects need to be above NTAMS.
    _next_top_at_mark_start = bottom();
    _next_marked_bytes = 0;
  }
}

void HeapRegion::note_self_forwarding_removal_end(bool during_initial_mark,
                                                  bool during_conc_mark,
                                                  size_t marked_bytes) {
  assert(0 <= marked_bytes && marked_bytes <= used(),
         err_msg("marked: "SIZE_FORMAT" used: "SIZE_FORMAT,
                 marked_bytes, used()));
  _prev_marked_bytes = marked_bytes;
}

HeapWord*
HeapRegion::object_iterate_mem_careful(MemRegion mr,
                                                 ObjectClosure* cl) {
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  // We used to use "block_start_careful" here.  But we're actually happy
  // to update the BOT while we do this...
  HeapWord* cur = block_start(mr.start());
  mr = mr.intersection(used_region());
  if (mr.is_empty()) return NULL;
  // Otherwise, find the obj that extends onto mr.start().

  assert(cur <= mr.start()
         && (oop(cur)->klass_or_null() == NULL ||
             cur + oop(cur)->size() > mr.start()),
         "postcondition of block_start");
  oop obj;
  while (cur < mr.end()) {
    obj = oop(cur);
    if (obj->klass_or_null() == NULL) {
      // Ran into an unparseable point.
      return cur;
    } else if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(obj)) {
      cl->do_object(obj);
    }
    if (cl->abort()) return cur;
    // The check above must occur before the operation below, since an
    // abort might invalidate the "size" operation.
    cur += obj->size();
  }
  return NULL;
}

HeapWord*
HeapRegion::
oops_on_card_seq_iterate_careful(MemRegion mr,
                                 FilterOutOfRegionClosure* cl,
                                 bool filter_young,
                                 jbyte* card_ptr) {
  // Currently, we should only have to clean the card if filter_young
  // is true and vice versa.
  if (filter_young) {
    assert(card_ptr != NULL, "pre-condition");
  } else {
    assert(card_ptr == NULL, "pre-condition");
  }
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();

  // If we're within a stop-world GC, then we might look at a card in a
  // GC alloc region that extends onto a GC LAB, which may not be
  // parseable.  Stop such at the "saved_mark" of the region.
  if (g1h->is_gc_active()) {
    mr = mr.intersection(used_region_at_save_marks());
  } else {
    mr = mr.intersection(used_region());
  }
  if (mr.is_empty()) return NULL;
  // Otherwise, find the obj that extends onto mr.start().

  // The intersection of the incoming mr (for the card) and the
  // allocated part of the region is non-empty. This implies that
  // we have actually allocated into this region. The code in
  // G1CollectedHeap.cpp that allocates a new region sets the
  // is_young tag on the region before allocating. Thus we
  // safely know if this region is young.
  if (is_young() && filter_young) {
    return NULL;
  }

  assert(!is_young(), "check value of filter_young");

  // We can only clean the card here, after we make the decision that
  // the card is not young. And we only clean the card if we have been
  // asked to (i.e., card_ptr != NULL).
  if (card_ptr != NULL) {
    *card_ptr = CardTableModRefBS::clean_card_val();
    // We must complete this write before we do any of the reads below.
    OrderAccess::storeload();
  }

  // Cache the boundaries of the memory region in some const locals
  HeapWord* const start = mr.start();
  HeapWord* const end = mr.end();

  // We used to use "block_start_careful" here.  But we're actually happy
  // to update the BOT while we do this...
  HeapWord* cur = block_start(start);
  assert(cur <= start, "Postcondition");

  oop obj;

  HeapWord* next = cur;
  while (next <= start) {
    cur = next;
    obj = oop(cur);
    if (obj->klass_or_null() == NULL) {
      // Ran into an unparseable point.
      return cur;
    }
    // Otherwise...
    next = (cur + obj->size());
  }

  // If we finish the above loop...We have a parseable object that
  // begins on or before the start of the memory region, and ends
  // inside or spans the entire region.

  assert(obj == oop(cur), "sanity");
  assert(cur <= start &&
         obj->klass_or_null() != NULL &&
         (cur + obj->size()) > start,
         "Loop postcondition");

  if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(obj)) {
    obj->oop_iterate(cl, mr);
  }

  while (cur < end) {
    obj = oop(cur);
    if (obj->klass_or_null() == NULL) {
      // Ran into an unparseable point.
      return cur;
    };

    // Otherwise:
    next = (cur + obj->size());

    if (!g1h->is_obj_dead(obj)) {
      if (next < end || !obj->is_objArray()) {
        // This object either does not span the MemRegion
        // boundary, or if it does it's not an array.
        // Apply closure to whole object.
        obj->oop_iterate(cl);
      } else {
        // This obj is an array that spans the boundary.
        // Stop at the boundary.
        obj->oop_iterate(cl, mr);
      }
    }
    cur = next;
  }
  return NULL;
}

// Code roots support

void HeapRegion::add_strong_code_root(nmethod* nm) {
  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  hrrs->add_strong_code_root(nm);
}

void HeapRegion::remove_strong_code_root(nmethod* nm) {
  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  hrrs->remove_strong_code_root(nm);
}

void HeapRegion::migrate_strong_code_roots() {
  assert(in_collection_set(), "only collection set regions");
  assert(!isHumongous(), "not humongous regions");

  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  hrrs->migrate_strong_code_roots();
}

void HeapRegion::strong_code_roots_do(CodeBlobClosure* blk) const {
  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  hrrs->strong_code_roots_do(blk);
}

class VerifyStrongCodeRootOopClosure: public OopClosure {
  const HeapRegion* _hr;
  nmethod* _nm;
  bool _failures;
  bool _has_oops_in_region;

  template <class T> void do_oop_work(T* p) {
    T heap_oop = oopDesc::load_heap_oop(p);
    if (!oopDesc::is_null(heap_oop)) {
      oop obj = oopDesc::decode_heap_oop_not_null(heap_oop);

      // Note: not all the oops embedded in the nmethod are in the
      // current region. We only look at those which are.
      if (_hr->is_in(obj)) {
        // Object is in the region. Check that its less than top
        if (_hr->top() <= (HeapWord*)obj) {
          // Object is above top
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Object "PTR_FORMAT" in region "
                                 "["PTR_FORMAT", "PTR_FORMAT") is above "
                                 "top "PTR_FORMAT,
                                 obj, _hr->bottom(), _hr->end(), _hr->top());
          _failures = true;
          return;
        }
        // Nmethod has at least one oop in the current region
        _has_oops_in_region = true;
      }
    }
  }

public:
  VerifyStrongCodeRootOopClosure(const HeapRegion* hr, nmethod* nm):
    _hr(hr), _failures(false), _has_oops_in_region(false) {}

  void do_oop(narrowOop* p) { do_oop_work(p); }
  void do_oop(oop* p)       { do_oop_work(p); }

  bool failures()           { return _failures; }
  bool has_oops_in_region() { return _has_oops_in_region; }
};

class VerifyStrongCodeRootCodeBlobClosure: public CodeBlobClosure {
  const HeapRegion* _hr;
  bool _failures;
public:
  VerifyStrongCodeRootCodeBlobClosure(const HeapRegion* hr) :
    _hr(hr), _failures(false) {}

  void do_code_blob(CodeBlob* cb) {
    nmethod* nm = (cb == NULL) ? NULL : cb->as_nmethod_or_null();
    if (nm != NULL) {
      // Verify that the nemthod is live
      if (!nm->is_alive()) {
        gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] has dead nmethod "
                               PTR_FORMAT" in its strong code roots",
                               _hr->bottom(), _hr->end(), nm);
        _failures = true;
      } else {
        VerifyStrongCodeRootOopClosure oop_cl(_hr, nm);
        nm->oops_do(&oop_cl);
        if (!oop_cl.has_oops_in_region()) {
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] has nmethod "
                                 PTR_FORMAT" in its strong code roots "
                                 "with no pointers into region",
                                 _hr->bottom(), _hr->end(), nm);
          _failures = true;
        } else if (oop_cl.failures()) {
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] has other "
                                 "failures for nmethod "PTR_FORMAT,
                                 _hr->bottom(), _hr->end(), nm);
          _failures = true;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  bool failures()       { return _failures; }
};

void HeapRegion::verify_strong_code_roots(VerifyOption vo, bool* failures) const {
  if (!G1VerifyHeapRegionCodeRoots) {
    // We're not verifying code roots.
    return;
  }
  if (vo == VerifyOption_G1UseMarkWord) {
    // Marking verification during a full GC is performed after class
    // unloading, code cache unloading, etc so the strong code roots
    // attached to each heap region are in an inconsistent state. They won't
    // be consistent until the strong code roots are rebuilt after the
    // actual GC. Skip verifying the strong code roots in this particular
    // time.
    assert(VerifyDuringGC, "only way to get here");
    return;
  }

  HeapRegionRemSet* hrrs = rem_set();
  int strong_code_roots_length = hrrs->strong_code_roots_list_length();

  // if this region is empty then there should be no entries
  // on its strong code root list
  if (is_empty()) {
    if (strong_code_roots_length > 0) {
      gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] is empty "
                             "but has "INT32_FORMAT" code root entries",
                             bottom(), end(), strong_code_roots_length);
      *failures = true;
    }
    return;
  }

  // An H-region should have an empty strong code root list
  if (isHumongous()) {
    if (strong_code_roots_length > 0) {
      gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] is humongous "
                             "but has "INT32_FORMAT" code root entries",
                             bottom(), end(), strong_code_roots_length);
      *failures = true;
    }
    return;
  }

  VerifyStrongCodeRootCodeBlobClosure cb_cl(this);
  strong_code_roots_do(&cb_cl);

  if (cb_cl.failures()) {
    *failures = true;
  }
}

void HeapRegion::print() const { print_on(gclog_or_tty); }
void HeapRegion::print_on(outputStream* st) const {
  if (isHumongous()) {
    if (startsHumongous())
      st->print(" HS");
    else
      st->print(" HC");
  } else {
    st->print("   ");
  }
  if (in_collection_set())
    st->print(" CS");
  else
    st->print("   ");
  if (is_young())
    st->print(is_survivor() ? " SU" : " Y ");
  else
    st->print("   ");
  if (is_empty())
    st->print(" F");
  else
    st->print("  ");
  st->print(" TS %5d", _gc_time_stamp);
  st->print(" PTAMS "PTR_FORMAT" NTAMS "PTR_FORMAT,
            prev_top_at_mark_start(), next_top_at_mark_start());
  G1OffsetTableContigSpace::print_on(st);
}

class VerifyLiveClosure: public OopClosure {
private:
  G1CollectedHeap* _g1h;
  CardTableModRefBS* _bs;
  oop _containing_obj;
  bool _failures;
  int _n_failures;
  VerifyOption _vo;
public:
  // _vo == UsePrevMarking -> use "prev" marking information,
  // _vo == UseNextMarking -> use "next" marking information,
  // _vo == UseMarkWord    -> use mark word from object header.
  VerifyLiveClosure(G1CollectedHeap* g1h, VerifyOption vo) :
    _g1h(g1h), _bs(NULL), _containing_obj(NULL),
    _failures(false), _n_failures(0), _vo(vo)
  {
    BarrierSet* bs = _g1h->barrier_set();
    if (bs->is_a(BarrierSet::CardTableModRef))
      _bs = (CardTableModRefBS*)bs;
  }

  void set_containing_obj(oop obj) {
    _containing_obj = obj;
  }

  bool failures() { return _failures; }
  int n_failures() { return _n_failures; }

  virtual void do_oop(narrowOop* p) { do_oop_work(p); }
  virtual void do_oop(      oop* p) { do_oop_work(p); }

  void print_object(outputStream* out, oop obj) {
#ifdef PRODUCT
    klassOop k = obj->klass();
    const char* class_name = instanceKlass::cast(k)->external_name();
    out->print_cr("class name %s", class_name);
#else // PRODUCT
    obj->print_on(out);
#endif // PRODUCT
  }

  template <class T>
  void do_oop_work(T* p) {
    assert(_containing_obj != NULL, "Precondition");
    assert(!_g1h->is_obj_dead_cond(_containing_obj, _vo),
           "Precondition");
    T heap_oop = oopDesc::load_heap_oop(p);
    if (!oopDesc::is_null(heap_oop)) {
      oop obj = oopDesc::decode_heap_oop_not_null(heap_oop);
      bool failed = false;
      if (!_g1h->is_in_closed_subset(obj) || _g1h->is_obj_dead_cond(obj, _vo)) {
        MutexLockerEx x(ParGCRareEvent_lock,
                        Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);

        if (!_failures) {
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("");
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("----------");
        }
        if (!_g1h->is_in_closed_subset(obj)) {
          HeapRegion* from = _g1h->heap_region_containing((HeapWord*)p);
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Field "PTR_FORMAT
                                 " of live obj "PTR_FORMAT" in region "
                                 "["PTR_FORMAT", "PTR_FORMAT")",
                                 p, (void*) _containing_obj,
                                 from->bottom(), from->end());
          print_object(gclog_or_tty, _containing_obj);
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("points to obj "PTR_FORMAT" not in the heap",
                                 (void*) obj);
        } else {
          HeapRegion* from = _g1h->heap_region_containing((HeapWord*)p);
          HeapRegion* to   = _g1h->heap_region_containing((HeapWord*)obj);
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Field "PTR_FORMAT
                                 " of live obj "PTR_FORMAT" in region "
                                 "["PTR_FORMAT", "PTR_FORMAT")",
                                 p, (void*) _containing_obj,
                                 from->bottom(), from->end());
          print_object(gclog_or_tty, _containing_obj);
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("points to dead obj "PTR_FORMAT" in region "
                                 "["PTR_FORMAT", "PTR_FORMAT")",
                                 (void*) obj, to->bottom(), to->end());
          print_object(gclog_or_tty, obj);
        }
        gclog_or_tty->print_cr("----------");
        gclog_or_tty->flush();
        _failures = true;
        failed = true;
        _n_failures++;
      }

      if (!_g1h->full_collection() || G1VerifyRSetsDuringFullGC) {
        HeapRegion* from = _g1h->heap_region_containing((HeapWord*)p);
        HeapRegion* to   = _g1h->heap_region_containing(obj);
        if (from != NULL && to != NULL &&
            from != to &&
            !to->isHumongous()) {
          jbyte cv_obj = *_bs->byte_for_const(_containing_obj);
          jbyte cv_field = *_bs->byte_for_const(p);
          const jbyte dirty = CardTableModRefBS::dirty_card_val();

          bool is_bad = !(from->is_young()
                          || to->rem_set()->contains_reference(p)
                          || !G1HRRSFlushLogBuffersOnVerify && // buffers were not flushed
                              (_containing_obj->is_objArray() ?
                                  cv_field == dirty
                               : cv_obj == dirty || cv_field == dirty));
          if (is_bad) {
            MutexLockerEx x(ParGCRareEvent_lock,
                            Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);

            if (!_failures) {
              gclog_or_tty->print_cr("");
              gclog_or_tty->print_cr("----------");
            }
            gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Missing rem set entry:");
            gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Field "PTR_FORMAT" "
                                   "of obj "PTR_FORMAT", "
                                   "in region "HR_FORMAT,
                                   p, (void*) _containing_obj,
                                   HR_FORMAT_PARAMS(from));
            _containing_obj->print_on(gclog_or_tty);
            gclog_or_tty->print_cr("points to obj "PTR_FORMAT" "
                                   "in region "HR_FORMAT,
                                   (void*) obj,
                                   HR_FORMAT_PARAMS(to));
            obj->print_on(gclog_or_tty);
            gclog_or_tty->print_cr("Obj head CTE = %d, field CTE = %d.",
                          cv_obj, cv_field);
            gclog_or_tty->print_cr("----------");
            gclog_or_tty->flush();
            _failures = true;
            if (!failed) _n_failures++;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
};

// This really ought to be commoned up into OffsetTableContigSpace somehow.
// We would need a mechanism to make that code skip dead objects.

void HeapRegion::verify(VerifyOption vo,
                        bool* failures) const {
  G1CollectedHeap* g1 = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  *failures = false;
  HeapWord* p = bottom();
  HeapWord* prev_p = NULL;
  VerifyLiveClosure vl_cl(g1, vo);
  bool is_humongous = isHumongous();
  bool do_bot_verify = !is_young();
  size_t object_num = 0;
  while (p < top()) {
    oop obj = oop(p);
    size_t obj_size = obj->size();
    object_num += 1;

    if (is_humongous != g1->isHumongous(obj_size)) {
      gclog_or_tty->print_cr("obj "PTR_FORMAT" is of %shumongous size ("
                             SIZE_FORMAT" words) in a %shumongous region",
                             p, g1->isHumongous(obj_size) ? "" : "non-",
                             obj_size, is_humongous ? "" : "non-");
       *failures = true;
       return;
    }

    // If it returns false, verify_for_object() will output the
    // appropriate messasge.
    if (do_bot_verify && !_offsets.verify_for_object(p, obj_size)) {
      *failures = true;
      return;
    }

    if (!g1->is_obj_dead_cond(obj, this, vo)) {
      if (obj->is_oop()) {
        klassOop klass = obj->klass();
        if (!klass->is_perm()) {
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("klass "PTR_FORMAT" of object "PTR_FORMAT" "
                                 "not in perm", klass, obj);
          *failures = true;
          return;
        } else if (!klass->is_klass()) {
          gclog_or_tty->print_cr("klass "PTR_FORMAT" of object "PTR_FORMAT" "
                                 "not a klass", klass, obj);
          *failures = true;
          return;
        } else {
          vl_cl.set_containing_obj(obj);
          obj->oop_iterate(&vl_cl);
          if (vl_cl.failures()) {
            *failures = true;
          }
          if (G1MaxVerifyFailures >= 0 &&
              vl_cl.n_failures() >= G1MaxVerifyFailures) {
            return;
          }
        }
      } else {
        gclog_or_tty->print_cr(PTR_FORMAT" no an oop", obj);
        *failures = true;
        return;
      }
    }
    prev_p = p;
    p += obj_size;
  }

  if (p != top()) {
    gclog_or_tty->print_cr("end of last object "PTR_FORMAT" "
                           "does not match top "PTR_FORMAT, p, top());
    *failures = true;
    return;
  }

  HeapWord* the_end = end();
  assert(p == top(), "it should still hold");
  // Do some extra BOT consistency checking for addresses in the
  // range [top, end). BOT look-ups in this range should yield
  // top. No point in doing that if top == end (there's nothing there).
  if (p < the_end) {
    // Look up top
    HeapWord* addr_1 = p;
    HeapWord* b_start_1 = _offsets.block_start_const(addr_1);
    if (b_start_1 != p) {
      gclog_or_tty->print_cr("BOT look up for top: "PTR_FORMAT" "
                             " yielded "PTR_FORMAT", expecting "PTR_FORMAT,
                             addr_1, b_start_1, p);
      *failures = true;
      return;
    }

    // Look up top + 1
    HeapWord* addr_2 = p + 1;
    if (addr_2 < the_end) {
      HeapWord* b_start_2 = _offsets.block_start_const(addr_2);
      if (b_start_2 != p) {
        gclog_or_tty->print_cr("BOT look up for top + 1: "PTR_FORMAT" "
                               " yielded "PTR_FORMAT", expecting "PTR_FORMAT,
                               addr_2, b_start_2, p);
        *failures = true;
        return;
      }
    }

    // Look up an address between top and end
    size_t diff = pointer_delta(the_end, p) / 2;
    HeapWord* addr_3 = p + diff;
    if (addr_3 < the_end) {
      HeapWord* b_start_3 = _offsets.block_start_const(addr_3);
      if (b_start_3 != p) {
        gclog_or_tty->print_cr("BOT look up for top + diff: "PTR_FORMAT" "
                               " yielded "PTR_FORMAT", expecting "PTR_FORMAT,
                               addr_3, b_start_3, p);
        *failures = true;
        return;
      }
    }

    // Loook up end - 1
    HeapWord* addr_4 = the_end - 1;
    HeapWord* b_start_4 = _offsets.block_start_const(addr_4);
    if (b_start_4 != p) {
      gclog_or_tty->print_cr("BOT look up for end - 1: "PTR_FORMAT" "
                             " yielded "PTR_FORMAT", expecting "PTR_FORMAT,
                             addr_4, b_start_4, p);
      *failures = true;
      return;
    }
  }

  if (is_humongous && object_num > 1) {
    gclog_or_tty->print_cr("region ["PTR_FORMAT","PTR_FORMAT"] is humongous "
                           "but has "SIZE_FORMAT", objects",
                           bottom(), end(), object_num);
    *failures = true;
    return;
  }

  verify_strong_code_roots(vo, failures);
}

void HeapRegion::verify() const {
  bool dummy = false;
  verify(VerifyOption_G1UsePrevMarking, /* failures */ &dummy);
}

// G1OffsetTableContigSpace code; copied from space.cpp.  Hope this can go
// away eventually.

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::initialize(MemRegion mr, bool clear_space, bool mangle_space) {
  // false ==> we'll do the clearing if there's clearing to be done.
  ContiguousSpace::initialize(mr, false, mangle_space);
  _offsets.zero_bottom_entry();
  _offsets.initialize_threshold();
  if (clear_space) clear(mangle_space);
}

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::clear(bool mangle_space) {
  ContiguousSpace::clear(mangle_space);
  _offsets.zero_bottom_entry();
  _offsets.initialize_threshold();
}

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::set_bottom(HeapWord* new_bottom) {
  Space::set_bottom(new_bottom);
  _offsets.set_bottom(new_bottom);
}

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::set_end(HeapWord* new_end) {
  Space::set_end(new_end);
  _offsets.resize(new_end - bottom());
}

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::print() const {
  print_short();
  gclog_or_tty->print_cr(" [" INTPTR_FORMAT ", " INTPTR_FORMAT ", "
                INTPTR_FORMAT ", " INTPTR_FORMAT ")",
                bottom(), top(), _offsets.threshold(), end());
}

HeapWord* G1OffsetTableContigSpace::initialize_threshold() {
  return _offsets.initialize_threshold();
}

HeapWord* G1OffsetTableContigSpace::cross_threshold(HeapWord* start,
                                                    HeapWord* end) {
  _offsets.alloc_block(start, end);
  return _offsets.threshold();
}

HeapWord* G1OffsetTableContigSpace::saved_mark_word() const {
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  assert( _gc_time_stamp <= g1h->get_gc_time_stamp(), "invariant" );
  if (_gc_time_stamp < g1h->get_gc_time_stamp())
    return top();
  else
    return ContiguousSpace::saved_mark_word();
}

void G1OffsetTableContigSpace::set_saved_mark() {
  G1CollectedHeap* g1h = G1CollectedHeap::heap();
  unsigned curr_gc_time_stamp = g1h->get_gc_time_stamp();

  if (_gc_time_stamp < curr_gc_time_stamp) {
    // The order of these is important, as another thread might be
    // about to start scanning this region. If it does so after
    // set_saved_mark and before _gc_time_stamp = ..., then the latter
    // will be false, and it will pick up top() as the high water mark
    // of region. If it does so after _gc_time_stamp = ..., then it
    // will pick up the right saved_mark_word() as the high water mark
    // of the region. Either way, the behaviour will be correct.
    ContiguousSpace::set_saved_mark();
    OrderAccess::storestore();
    _gc_time_stamp = curr_gc_time_stamp;
    // No need to do another barrier to flush the writes above. If
    // this is called in parallel with other threads trying to
    // allocate into the region, the caller should call this while
    // holding a lock and when the lock is released the writes will be
    // flushed.
  }
}

G1OffsetTableContigSpace::
G1OffsetTableContigSpace(G1BlockOffsetSharedArray* sharedOffsetArray,
                         MemRegion mr, bool is_zeroed) :
  _offsets(sharedOffsetArray, mr),
  _par_alloc_lock(Mutex::leaf, "OffsetTableContigSpace par alloc lock", true),
  _gc_time_stamp(0)
{
  _offsets.set_space(this);
  initialize(mr, !is_zeroed, SpaceDecorator::Mangle);
}