annotate make/sun/javazic/tzdata/africa @ 8747:330cce590879

8177449: (tz) Support tzdata2017b Reviewed-by: martin, naoto
author rpatil
date Mon, 10 Apr 2017 16:17:00 +0530
parents e890a6aef622
children
rev   line source
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aefimov@6944 3 #
asaha@4675 4 # This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
asaha@4675 5 # under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
asaha@4675 6 # published by the Free Software Foundation. Oracle designates this
asaha@4675 7 # particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
asaha@4675 8 # by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
aefimov@6944 9 #
asaha@4675 10 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
asaha@4675 11 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
asaha@4675 12 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
asaha@4675 13 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
asaha@4675 14 # accompanied this code).
aefimov@6944 15 #
asaha@4675 16 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
asaha@4675 17 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
asaha@4675 18 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
aefimov@6944 19 #
asaha@4675 20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
asaha@4675 21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
asaha@4675 22 # questions.
asaha@4675 23 #
peytoia@1706 24 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
peytoia@1706 25 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
duke@0 26
aefimov@7726 27 # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
duke@0 28 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
aefimov@7726 29 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
aefimov@7726 30 # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
duke@0 31
rpatil@8694 32 # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-20):
duke@0 33 #
aefimov@7768 34 # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
duke@0 35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
duke@0 36 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
aefimov@7768 37 # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
duke@0 38 #
rpatil@8694 39 # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
rpatil@8694 40 # for time zone data was the International Air Transport
duke@0 41 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
duke@0 42 # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
aefimov@7768 43 # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
aefimov@7768 44 # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
duke@0 45 #
duke@0 46 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
duke@0 47 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
duke@0 48 # I found in the UCLA library.
duke@0 49 #
peytoia@5943 50 # For data circa 1899, a common source is:
aefimov@7726 51 # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
aefimov@7726 52 # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
peytoia@5943 53 #
duke@0 54 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
duke@0 55 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
duke@0 56 #
rpatil@8694 57 # European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
rpatil@8694 58 # For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
duke@0 59 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
rpatil@8694 60 # for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
rpatil@8694 61 # but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
rpatil@8694 62 # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
rpatil@8694 63 # 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
rpatil@8694 64 # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
aefimov@7726 65 # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
duke@0 66 #
rpatil@8694 67 # To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
rpatil@8694 68 # +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
rpatil@8694 69 # +02 CAT Central Africa Time
rpatil@8694 70 # +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
rpatil@8694 71 # and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
rpatil@8694 72 # +01 WAT West Africa Time
rpatil@8694 73 # Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
rpatil@8694 74 # I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
rpatil@8694 75 # cannot now come up with solid citations.
duke@0 76 #
duke@0 77 # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
rpatil@8694 78 # +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
rpatil@8694 79 # +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
rpatil@8694 80 # +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
rpatil@8694 81 # +03 EAT East Africa Time
rpatil@8694 82 # 'EAT' also seems to have caught on; the others are rare but are paired
rpatil@8694 83 # with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
duke@0 84
duke@0 85 # Algeria
duke@0 86 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 87 Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 88 Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
duke@0 89 Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 90 Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 91 Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 92 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 93 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
duke@0 94 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 95 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
duke@0 96 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 97 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
duke@0 98 Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 99 Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
duke@0 100 Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
duke@0 101 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 102 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
duke@0 103 Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 104 Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
duke@0 105 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 106 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
duke@0 107 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 108 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
duke@0 109 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
duke@0 110 # more precise 0:09:21.
duke@0 111 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 112 Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
aefimov@7726 113 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
aefimov@7726 114 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
duke@0 115 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
duke@0 116 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
duke@0 117 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
duke@0 118 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
duke@0 119 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
duke@0 120 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
duke@0 121 1:00 - CET
duke@0 122
duke@0 123 # Angola
duke@0 124 # Benin
aefimov@7726 125 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 126
duke@0 127 # Botswana
aefimov@7758 128 # See Africa/Maputo.
duke@0 129
duke@0 130 # Burkina Faso
aefimov@7726 131 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 132
duke@0 133 # Burundi
aefimov@7758 134 # See Africa/Maputo.
duke@0 135
duke@0 136 # Cameroon
aefimov@7726 137 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 138
rpatil@8679 139 # Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
aefimov@7726 140 #
rpatil@8694 141 # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
aefimov@7726 142 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
rpatil@8694 143 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@7726 144 # merely made it official?
aefimov@7726 145 #
duke@0 146 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 147 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
rpatil@8694 148 -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
rpatil@8694 149 -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
rpatil@8694 150 -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
rpatil@8694 151 -1:00 - -01
duke@0 152
duke@0 153 # Central African Republic
aefimov@7726 154 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 155
duke@0 156 # Chad
duke@0 157 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 158 Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
duke@0 159 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
duke@0 160 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
duke@0 161 1:00 - WAT
duke@0 162
duke@0 163 # Comoros
aefimov@7768 164 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 165
aefimov@7726 166 # Democratic Republic of the Congo
aefimov@7758 167 # See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
duke@0 168
duke@0 169 # Republic of the Congo
aefimov@7726 170 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 171
aefimov@7726 172 # Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
duke@0 173 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 174 Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
duke@0 175 0:00 - GMT
aefimov@7726 176 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
aefimov@7726 177 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
aefimov@7726 178 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
aefimov@7726 179 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
aefimov@7726 180 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
aefimov@7726 181 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
aefimov@7726 182 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
aefimov@7726 183 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
aefimov@7726 184 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe
aefimov@7726 185 Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
duke@0 186
duke@0 187 # Djibouti
aefimov@7768 188 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 189
duke@0 190 ###############################################################################
duke@0 191
duke@0 192 # Egypt
duke@0 193
peytoia@5943 194 # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
peytoia@5943 195 # observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
peytoia@5943 196 # Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
peytoia@5943 197 # did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
peytoia@5943 198
duke@0 199 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 200 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 201 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 202 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 203 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
duke@0 204 Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 205 Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
duke@0 206 Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 207 Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 208 Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 209 Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 210 Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 211 Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 212 Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
duke@0 213 Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
duke@0 214 Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 215 Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 216 Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 217 Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 218 Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
duke@0 219 # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
duke@0 220 # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
peytoia@4272 221
peytoia@4272 222 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
peytoia@4272 223 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
peytoia@4272 224 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
peytoia@4272 225 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
peytoia@4272 226 #
peytoia@4272 227 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
peytoia@4272 228 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
peytoia@4272 229 # or
peytoia@4272 230 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
peytoia@4272 231 Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 232 Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
duke@0 233 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
duke@0 234 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
duke@0 235 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
duke@0 236 # after observing the daylight saving time since May.
duke@0 237 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
aefimov@7726 238 Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
duke@0 239 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
duke@0 240 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
duke@0 241 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
aefimov@7726 242 # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
coffeys@5508 243 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
duke@0 244 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
duke@0 245 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
duke@0 246 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
aefimov@7726 247 Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
duke@0 248 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
duke@0 249 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
duke@0 250 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
duke@0 251 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
duke@0 252 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
duke@0 253 # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
duke@0 254 # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
duke@0 255 # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
duke@0 256 # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
peytoia@1293 257
peytoia@1293 258 # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
peytoia@1293 259 # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
peytoia@1293 260 #
peytoia@1293 261 # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
peytoia@1706 262 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
peytoia@1293 263 # Apr 23
peytoia@1706 264 # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
peytoia@1706 265 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
peytoia@1293 266 # Apr 24
peytoia@1706 267 # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
peytoia@1706 268 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
peytoia@1293 269 # Aug 27
peytoia@1706 270 # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
peytoia@1706 271 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
peytoia@1293 272 # Aug 27
peytoia@1706 273 # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
peytoia@1293 274 #
peytoia@1293 275 # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
peytoia@1293 276 # :59)
peytoia@1293 277 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
peytoia@1293 278 #
peytoia@1293 279 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
peytoia@1293 280 #
aefimov@7726 281 # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
aefimov@7726 282 # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
aefimov@7726 283 # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
peytoia@1293 284
peytoia@1293 285 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
peytoia@1293 286 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
peytoia@1293 287 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
peytoia@1293 288 # in September.
peytoia@1706 289
peytoia@1706 290 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
coffeys@5508 291 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
peytoia@1706 292 # Information and Decision Support Center:
peytoia@1706 293 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
coffeys@5508 294 #
peytoia@1706 295 # The Middle East News Agency
peytoia@1706 296 # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
peytoia@1706 297 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
coffeys@5508 298 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
peytoia@1706 299 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
peytoia@1706 300 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
peytoia@1706 301 # (at least today).
peytoia@1706 302
peytoia@2787 303 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
aefimov@7726 304 # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
peytoia@2787 305 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
peytoia@2787 306 # Ramadan.
peytoia@2787 307 #
peytoia@2787 308 # Arabic translation:
aefimov@7726 309 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
peytoia@2787 310 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
peytoia@2787 311 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
peytoia@2787 312
aefimov@7442 313 # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
aefimov@7442 314 # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
aefimov@7442 315 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
aefimov@7442 316
aefimov@7758 317 # From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
aefimov@7442 318 # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
aefimov@7442 319
aefimov@7726 320 # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
aefimov@7726 321 # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
aefimov@7726 322 # in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
aefimov@7726 323 # http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
aefimov@7726 324 # [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
aefimov@7726 325 # translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
aefimov@7726 326 # take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
aefimov@7726 327 # to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
aefimov@7726 328 # and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
aefimov@7726 329 # o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
aefimov@7726 330 # reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
aefimov@7726 331 # http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
aefimov@7726 332
aefimov@7726 333 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
aefimov@7442 334 # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
aefimov@7442 335 # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
aefimov@7726 336 # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
aefimov@7726 337 # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
aefimov@7442 338 # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
aefimov@8314 339
aefimov@8314 340 # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):
aefimov@8314 341 # Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.
aefimov@8314 342 # This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last
aefimov@8314 343 # Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but
aefimov@8314 344 # dates not yet announced....
aefimov@8314 345 # http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ...
aefimov@8314 346 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
aefimov@8314 347
aefimov@8314 348 # From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):
aefimov@8314 349 # Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at
aefimov@8314 350 # least for 2015.
aefimov@7442 351 #
aefimov@8314 352 # From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):
aefimov@8314 353 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx
aefimov@8314 354 # "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving
aefimov@8314 355 # time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the
aefimov@8314 356 # practice altogether in future years."
aefimov@8314 357 #
aefimov@8361 358 # From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24):
aefimov@8361 359 # Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his
aefimov@8361 360 # decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
aefimov@8361 361 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
aefimov@8314 362
rpatil@8512 363 # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
rpatil@8512 364 # Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
rpatil@8512 365 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
rpatil@8512 366 # From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
rpatil@8512 367 # Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
rpatil@8512 368
aefimov@7726 369 Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 370 Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 371 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 372 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 373 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@7442 374 Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 375 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 376 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8314 377 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
duke@0 378
duke@0 379 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
peytoia@5943 380 Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
duke@0 381 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
duke@0 382
duke@0 383 # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@7726 384 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 385
duke@0 386 # Eritrea
duke@0 387 # Ethiopia
aefimov@7768 388 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 389
duke@0 390 # Gabon
aefimov@7726 391 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 392
duke@0 393 # Gambia
aefimov@7726 394 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 395
duke@0 396 # Ghana
duke@0 397 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
aefimov@7726 398 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
aefimov@7726 399 # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942;
aefimov@7726 400 # and September 1 to January 1 is given by:
aefimov@7726 401 # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book,
aefimov@7726 402 # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii.
aefimov@7726 403 # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942.
aefimov@7726 404 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
aefimov@7726 405 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
duke@0 406 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 407 Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
rpatil@8694 408 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
duke@0 409
duke@0 410 # Guinea
aefimov@7726 411 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 412
duke@0 413 # Guinea-Bissau
aefimov@7726 414 #
aefimov@7726 415 # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
aefimov@7726 416 # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
rpatil@8694 417 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@7726 418 # with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
aefimov@7726 419 #
duke@0 420 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 421 Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
rpatil@8694 422 -1:00 - -01 1975
duke@0 423 0:00 - GMT
duke@0 424
duke@0 425 # Kenya
duke@0 426 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 427 Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
duke@0 428 3:00 - EAT 1930
rpatil@8694 429 2:30 - +0230 1940
rpatil@8694 430 2:45 - +0245 1960
duke@0 431 3:00 - EAT
aefimov@7768 432 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
aefimov@7768 433 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
aefimov@7768 434 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
aefimov@7768 435 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
aefimov@7768 436 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
aefimov@7768 437 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
aefimov@7768 438 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
aefimov@7768 439 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
aefimov@7768 440 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
duke@0 441
duke@0 442 # Lesotho
aefimov@7758 443 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
duke@0 444
duke@0 445 # Liberia
rpatil@8747 446 #
rpatil@8747 447 # From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
rpatil@8747 448 #
rpatil@8747 449 # The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
rpatil@8747 450 #
rpatil@8747 451 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UTC offset
rpatil@8747 452 # that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
rpatil@8747 453 # 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
rpatil@8747 454 # Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
rpatil@8747 455 # President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
rpatil@8747 456 # Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
rpatil@8747 457 #
rpatil@8747 458 # Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
rpatil@8747 459 # abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
rpatil@8747 460 #
duke@0 461 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 462 Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
duke@0 463 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
rpatil@8747 464 -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
duke@0 465 0:00 - GMT
duke@0 466
duke@0 467 ###############################################################################
duke@0 468
duke@0 469 # Libya
duke@0 470
peytoia@5943 471 # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
peytoia@5943 472 # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
peytoia@5943 473 # http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
peytoia@5943 474 # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
peytoia@5943 475 #
peytoia@5943 476 # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
peytoia@5943 477 # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
peytoia@5943 478 #
peytoia@5943 479 # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
peytoia@5943 480 # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
peytoia@5943 481 # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
peytoia@5943 482 # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
peytoia@5943 483 # lastFri instead of lastSun).
peytoia@5943 484
aefimov@6959 485 # From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
aefimov@6959 486 # The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
aefimov@6959 487 # cancelled yesterday....
aefimov@6959 488 # http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
aefimov@6959 489 #
aefimov@6959 490 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
rpatil@8611 491 # For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
aefimov@6959 492
duke@0 493 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 494 Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 495 Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 496 Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 497 Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 498 Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 499 Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 500 Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 501 Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 502 Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 503 Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 504 Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
duke@0 505 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 506 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
peytoia@5943 507 Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
peytoia@5943 508 Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
aefimov@6959 509 Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
aefimov@6959 510 Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
duke@0 511 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 512 Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
duke@0 513 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
duke@0 514 2:00 - EET 1982
duke@0 515 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
aefimov@7058 516 # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
aefimov@7726 517 # the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
duke@0 518 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
peytoia@5943 519 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
aefimov@7726 520 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
aefimov@7726 521 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
aefimov@6959 522 2:00 - EET
duke@0 523
duke@0 524 # Madagascar
aefimov@7768 525 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 526
duke@0 527 # Malawi
aefimov@7758 528 # See Africa/Maputo.
duke@0 529
duke@0 530 # Mali
duke@0 531 # Mauritania
aefimov@7726 532 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 533
duke@0 534 # Mauritius
peytoia@648 535
peytoia@648 536 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
peytoia@648 537 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
peytoia@648 538 # basis....
coffeys@5508 539 # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
peytoia@648 540 # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
peytoia@648 541 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
peytoia@648 542
peytoia@648 543 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
peytoia@648 544 # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
peytoia@648 545
peytoia@648 546 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
peytoia@648 547 # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
peytoia@648 548 # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
peytoia@648 549 # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
peytoia@648 550
peytoia@648 551 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
peytoia@648 552 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
peytoia@648 553
peytoia@648 554 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
peytoia@648 555 # According to
peytoia@648 556 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
peytoia@648 557 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
peytoia@648 558 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
peytoia@648 559 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
peytoia@648 560 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
coffeys@5508 561 #
coffeys@5508 562 # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
coffeys@5508 563 # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
coffeys@5508 564 # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
coffeys@5508 565 # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
coffeys@5508 566 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
peytoia@648 567 # changes two days later.
peytoia@648 568
peytoia@648 569 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
peytoia@648 570 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
aefimov@8362 571 # time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
peytoia@648 572 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
peytoia@648 573 #
peytoia@648 574 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
aefimov@7726 575 # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
aefimov@7726 576 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
peytoia@648 577 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
peytoia@648 578
peytoia@851 579 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
peytoia@851 580 # The Government of Mauritius weblink
peytoia@1706 581 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
peytoia@851 582 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
peytoia@851 583 #
peytoia@851 584 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
peytoia@851 585 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
peytoia@851 586 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
peytoia@851 587 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
peytoia@851 588 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
peytoia@851 589 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
peytoia@851 590 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
aefimov@7726 591 # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
peytoia@851 592 # and end on 29 March 2009.
peytoia@851 593
peytoia@853 594 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
peytoia@853 595 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
peytoia@853 596 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
peytoia@853 597 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
peytoia@853 598 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
peytoia@853 599
peytoia@1706 600 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
peytoia@1706 601 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
peytoia@1706 602 # DST the coming summer...
peytoia@1706 603 #
peytoia@1706 604 # Some sources, in French:
peytoia@1706 605 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
peytoia@1706 606 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
peytoia@1706 607 #
peytoia@1706 608 # Our wrap-up:
peytoia@1706 609 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
peytoia@1706 610
peytoia@1706 611 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
coffeys@5508 612 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
peytoia@1706 613 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
peytoia@1706 614 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
peytoia@1706 615
peytoia@648 616 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
peytoia@648 617 Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
peytoia@648 618 Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
peytoia@1706 619 Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
peytoia@1706 620 Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
duke@0 621 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 622 Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
rpatil@8694 623 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
duke@0 624 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez
duke@0 625 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
duke@0 626
duke@0 627 # Mayotte
aefimov@7768 628 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 629
duke@0 630 # Morocco
aefimov@7726 631 # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
peytoia@648 632
peytoia@648 633 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
peytoia@648 634 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
peytoia@648 635 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
peytoia@648 636 #
peytoia@648 637 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
peytoia@648 638 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
aefimov@7726 639 # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
peytoia@648 640 #
peytoia@648 641 # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
peytoia@648 642 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
peytoia@648 643
peytoia@648 644 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
aefimov@7726 645 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
aefimov@7726 646 # Presse:
peytoia@648 647 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
peytoia@648 648 #
peytoia@648 649 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
peytoia@648 650 # spokesman.
peytoia@648 651
peytoia@648 652 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
peytoia@648 653 # According to this article:
peytoia@648 654 # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
aefimov@7726 655 # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
aefimov@7726 656 # the changes occur at midnight:
peytoia@648 657 #
aefimov@7726 658 # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
aefimov@7726 659 # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
aefimov@7726 660 # Sunday night the 28th at midnight
peytoia@648 661 #
aefimov@7726 662 # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
aefimov@7726 663 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
aefimov@7726 664 # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
aefimov@7726 665 # June 1st to Sept 27th.
peytoia@648 666 #
peytoia@648 667 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
peytoia@648 668 # published on the web.
peytoia@648 669 #
peytoia@648 670 # It's also confirmed here:
peytoia@648 671 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
aefimov@7726 672 # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
aefimov@7726 673 # posted in English).
peytoia@648 674 #
aefimov@7726 675 # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
peytoia@648 676 # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
peytoia@648 677
peytoia@851 678 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
coffeys@5508 679 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
coffeys@5508 680 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
peytoia@851 681 # of September:
peytoia@851 682 #
peytoia@851 683 # One article about it (in French):
peytoia@851 684 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
peytoia@851 685 #
peytoia@851 686 # We have some further details posted here:
peytoia@851 687 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
peytoia@1293 688
peytoia@1293 689 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
peytoia@1293 690 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
peytoia@1293 691 # to many sources, such as
peytoia@1293 692 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
peytoia@1293 693 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
peytoia@1293 694 # (French)
peytoia@1293 695 #
peytoia@1293 696 # Our summary:
peytoia@1293 697 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
peytoia@1293 698
peytoia@1293 699 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
peytoia@1293 700 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
aefimov@7726 701 # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
peytoia@1293 702 #
aefimov@8362 703 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
peytoia@1293 704 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
peytoia@1293 705 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
peytoia@1293 706 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
peytoia@1293 707 #
peytoia@1293 708 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
peytoia@1293 709 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
peytoia@1293 710
peytoia@2418 711 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
peytoia@2418 712 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
peytoia@2418 713 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
peytoia@2418 714 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
peytoia@2418 715 #
peytoia@2418 716 # Example:
peytoia@2418 717 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
peytoia@2418 718 # (French)
peytoia@2418 719 # Our page:
peytoia@2418 720 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
peytoia@2418 721
peytoia@4032 722 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
peytoia@4032 723 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
aefimov@7726 724 # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
aefimov@7726 725 # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
peytoia@4032 726 # ...Official links of change in morocco
peytoia@4032 727 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
peytoia@4032 728 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
peytoia@4032 729 # +212.537.71.84.00
peytoia@4032 730 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
peytoia@4032 731 # They said that
peytoia@4032 732 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
peytoia@4032 733 # is the official publication to look at.
peytoia@4032 734 # They said that the decision was already taken.
peytoia@4032 735 #
peytoia@4032 736 # More articles in the press
aefimov@7726 737 # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
peytoia@4032 738 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
peytoia@4032 739 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
peytoia@4032 740
peytoia@4032 741 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
peytoia@4032 742 # They have it written in English here:
peytoia@4032 743 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
peytoia@4032 744 #
peytoia@4032 745 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
peytoia@4032 746 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
peytoia@4032 747 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
peytoia@4032 748 # also been like that in the past.
peytoia@4032 749
peytoia@5087 750 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
aefimov@7726 751 # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
aefimov@7726 752 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
aefimov@7726 753 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
peytoia@5087 754 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
peytoia@5087 755 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
peytoia@5087 756 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
peytoia@5087 757 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
peytoia@5087 758 # except the month of Ramadan.
peytoia@5087 759 # or (brief)
peytoia@5087 760 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
peytoia@5087 761
peytoia@5087 762 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
peytoia@5087 763 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
peytoia@5087 764 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
peytoia@5087 765 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
peytoia@5087 766 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
peytoia@5087 767 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
peytoia@5087 768
peytoia@5087 769 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
peytoia@5087 770 # Seen Morocco change again:
peytoia@5087 771 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
aefimov@7726 772 # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
aefimov@7726 773 # comme annoncé précédemment."
peytoia@5087 774
coffeys@5508 775 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
coffeys@5508 776 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
coffeys@5508 777 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
coffeys@5508 778 #
coffeys@5508 779 # Google translation, lightly edited:
coffeys@5508 780 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
coffeys@5508 781 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
coffeys@5508 782 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
coffeys@5508 783 # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
coffeys@5508 784 # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
coffeys@5508 785 # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
coffeys@5508 786 # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
coffeys@5508 787 # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
coffeys@5508 788 # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
coffeys@5508 789
peytoia@5943 790 # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
peytoia@5943 791 # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
peytoia@5943 792 # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
peytoia@5943 793 # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
peytoia@5943 794 # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
aefimov@7726 795 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
igerasim@6686 796
igerasim@6686 797 # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
igerasim@6686 798 # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
igerasim@6686 799 # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
igerasim@6686 800 # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
igerasim@6686 801
aefimov@6944 802 # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
aefimov@6944 803 # Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
aefimov@6944 804 # before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
aefimov@6944 805 # this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
aefimov@6944 806 # to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
aefimov@6944 807 # source (French):
aefimov@6944 808 # http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
aefimov@6944 809 # Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
aefimov@6944 810 # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
aefimov@6944 811
aefimov@7344 812 # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
aefimov@7344 813 # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
aefimov@7344 814
aefimov@7726 815 # From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
aefimov@7726 816 # The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
aefimov@7726 817 # to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
aefimov@7726 818 # will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
aefimov@7726 819 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
aefimov@7726 820
aefimov@8361 821 # From Milamber (2015-06-08):
aefimov@8361 822 # (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes
aefimov@8361 823 # Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding
aefimov@8361 824 # that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,
aefimov@8361 825 # 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I
aefimov@8361 826 # 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of
aefimov@8361 827 # 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).
aefimov@8361 828 # Source (french):
aefimov@8361 829 # http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/
aefimov@8361 830 #
aefimov@8361 831 # From Milamber (2015-06-09):
aefimov@8361 832 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863
aefimov@8361 833 #
aefimov@8361 834 # From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):
aefimov@8361 835 # [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go
aefimov@8361 836 # from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....
aefimov@8361 837 # I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in
aefimov@8361 838 # <http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees
aefimov@8361 839 # with the patch.
aefimov@8361 840
aefimov@8361 841 # From Paul Eggert (2015-06-08):
aefimov@8361 842 # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2015's rules,
aefimov@7726 843 # and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last
aefimov@8361 844 # Sunday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Sunday after
aefimov@8361 845 # Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2016 through 2037 were
aefimov@7726 846 # determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the
aefimov@7726 847 # results integrated by hand into the table below.
aefimov@8361 848 # (let ((islamic-year 1437))
aefimov@8361 849 # (require 'cal-islam)
aefimov@7726 850 # (while (< islamic-year 1460)
aefimov@7726 851 # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@7726 852 # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@8361 853 # (sunday 0))
aefimov@8361 854 # (while (/= sunday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
aefimov@8361 855 # (while (/= sunday (mod b 7))
aefimov@7726 856 # (setq b (1+ b)))
aefimov@7726 857 # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
aefimov@7726 858 # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
aefimov@7726 859 # (insert
aefimov@7726 860 # (format
aefimov@7726 861 # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
aefimov@7726 862 # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
aefimov@7726 863 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
aefimov@7726 864 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
peytoia@5943 865 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
peytoia@5943 866
duke@0 867 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
peytoia@851 868
duke@0 869 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 870 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
duke@0 871 Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 872 Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
duke@0 873 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 874 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
duke@0 875 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
duke@0 876 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 877 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 878 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 879 Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 880 Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
duke@0 881 Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
duke@0 882 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 883 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
peytoia@648 884 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
peytoia@851 885 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
peytoia@1293 886 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 887 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
peytoia@2418 888 Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
peytoia@2418 889 Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
peytoia@4032 890 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
rpatil@8512 891 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 892 Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 893 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 894 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
rpatil@8512 895 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 896 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 897 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 898 Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 899 Rule Morocco 2014 2021 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 900 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
aefimov@7726 901 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 902 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 903 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 904 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 905 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 906 Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 907 Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 908 Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 909 Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 910 Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 5 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 911 Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 9 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 912 Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 19 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 913 Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 914 Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 11 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 915 Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 16 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 916 Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 8 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 917 Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 23 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 918 Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 919 Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 6 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@7726 920 Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8361 921 Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 -
aefimov@8361 922 Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 4 3:00 0 -
peytoia@5087 923
duke@0 924 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 925 Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
duke@0 926 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
duke@0 927 1:00 - CET 1986
peytoia@648 928 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
aefimov@6959 929
duke@0 930 # Western Sahara
aefimov@6959 931 #
aefimov@6959 932 # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
aefimov@6959 933 # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
aefimov@6959 934 # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
aefimov@6959 935 # Morocco does.
aefimov@6959 936 #
aefimov@6959 937 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
aefimov@6959 938 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
aefimov@6959 939 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
aefimov@6959 940
aefimov@7726 941 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
rpatil@8694 942 -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
aefimov@6959 943 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
duke@0 944
duke@0 945 # Mozambique
aefimov@7726 946 #
aefimov@7726 947 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
aefimov@7726 948 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
rpatil@8694 949 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@7726 950 # merely made it official?
aefimov@7726 951 #
duke@0 952 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 953 Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
duke@0 954 2:00 - CAT
aefimov@7758 955 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
aefimov@7758 956 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
aefimov@7758 957 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
aefimov@7758 958 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
aefimov@7758 959 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
aefimov@7758 960 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
aefimov@7758 961 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
duke@0 962
duke@0 963 # Namibia
duke@0 964 # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
duke@0 965 # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
duke@0 966
aefimov@7726 967 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
aefimov@7726 968 # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
duke@0 969 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
duke@0 970 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
duke@0 971 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
duke@0 972 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
duke@0 973 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
duke@0 974 # of the country.
coffeys@5508 975 #
rpatil@8694 976 # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
rpatil@8694 977 # Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
rpatil@8694 978 # observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
rpatil@8694 979 # In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
rpatil@8694 980 # See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
rpatil@8694 981 # http://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
duke@0 982
duke@0 983 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 984 Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 985 Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
duke@0 986 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 987 Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
rpatil@8694 988 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
aefimov@7726 989 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
aefimov@7726 990 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
duke@0 991 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
duke@0 992 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
duke@0 993 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
duke@0 994
duke@0 995 # Niger
aefimov@7726 996 # See Africa/Lagos.
duke@0 997
duke@0 998 # Nigeria
duke@0 999 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 1000 Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
duke@0 1001 1:00 - WAT
aefimov@7726 1002 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
aefimov@7726 1003 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
aefimov@7726 1004 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
aefimov@7726 1005 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
aefimov@7726 1006 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
aefimov@7726 1007 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
aefimov@7726 1008 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@7726 1009 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
aefimov@7726 1010 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
duke@0 1011
aefimov@7726 1012 # Réunion
duke@0 1013 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 1014 Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
rpatil@8694 1015 4:00 - +04
duke@0 1016 #
aefimov@7726 1017 # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
aefimov@7726 1018 #
aefimov@7726 1019 # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
duke@0 1020 # The following information about them is taken from
aefimov@7726 1021 # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
aefimov@7726 1022 # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
duke@0 1023 # We have no info about their time zone histories.
duke@0 1024 #
duke@0 1025 # Bassas da India - uninhabited
duke@0 1026 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
duke@0 1027 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
duke@0 1028 # Juan de Nova - uninhabited
duke@0 1029 # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
duke@0 1030
duke@0 1031 # Rwanda
aefimov@7758 1032 # See Africa/Maputo.
duke@0 1033
duke@0 1034 # St Helena
aefimov@7726 1035 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 1036 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
duke@0 1037 # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
aefimov@7726 1038 # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
duke@0 1039 # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
duke@0 1040 # on GMT, says the CIA
aefimov@7726 1041 # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
duke@0 1042
aefimov@7726 1043 # São Tomé and Príncipe
duke@0 1044 # Senegal
aefimov@7726 1045 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 1046
duke@0 1047 # Seychelles
duke@0 1048 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@7726 1049 Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
rpatil@8694 1050 4:00 - +04
duke@0 1051 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
duke@0 1052 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
duke@0 1053 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
duke@0 1054 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
duke@0 1055 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
duke@0 1056 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
duke@0 1057
duke@0 1058 # Sierra Leone
aefimov@7726 1059 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 1060
duke@0 1061 # Somalia
aefimov@7768 1062 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 1063
duke@0 1064 # South Africa
duke@0 1065 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 1066 Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
duke@0 1067 Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
duke@0 1068 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 1069 Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
duke@0 1070 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
duke@0 1071 2:00 SA SAST
aefimov@7758 1072 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
aefimov@7758 1073 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
aefimov@7758 1074 #
duke@0 1075 # Marion and Prince Edward Is
duke@0 1076 # scientific station since 1947
duke@0 1077 # no information
duke@0 1078
duke@0 1079 # Sudan
duke@0 1080 #
aefimov@7726 1081 # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
aefimov@7726 1082 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
aefimov@7726 1083 # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
duke@0 1084 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
duke@0 1085 # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
duke@0 1086 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
duke@0 1087 #
duke@0 1088 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 1089 Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1090 Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
duke@0 1091 Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1092 Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1093 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 1094 Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
duke@0 1095 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
duke@0 1096 3:00 - EAT
duke@0 1097
peytoia@4591 1098 # South Sudan
aefimov@6944 1099 Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba
peytoia@4591 1100
duke@0 1101 # Swaziland
aefimov@7758 1102 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
duke@0 1103
duke@0 1104 # Tanzania
aefimov@7768 1105 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 1106
duke@0 1107 # Togo
aefimov@7726 1108 # See Africa/Abidjan.
duke@0 1109
duke@0 1110 # Tunisia
duke@0 1111
duke@0 1112 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
aefimov@7726 1113 # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
duke@0 1114 # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
duke@0 1115 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
duke@0 1116 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
duke@0 1117 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
duke@0 1118 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
duke@0 1119 # Saturday." (My translation)
duke@0 1120 #
duke@0 1121 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
aefimov@7726 1122 # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
aefimov@7726 1123 # http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
duke@0 1124 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
duke@0 1125 # 1h standard time.
duke@0 1126 #
duke@0 1127 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
duke@0 1128 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
duke@0 1129 # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
duke@0 1130 # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
duke@0 1131 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
duke@0 1132
peytoia@1293 1133 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
peytoia@1293 1134 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
peytoia@1293 1135 # (Arabic)
peytoia@1293 1136 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
peytoia@1293 1137 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
peytoia@1293 1138 #
peytoia@1293 1139 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
peytoia@1293 1140 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
peytoia@1293 1141 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
peytoia@1293 1142
peytoia@1293 1143 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
peytoia@1293 1144 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
peytoia@1293 1145 #
peytoia@1293 1146 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
peytoia@1293 1147 #
peytoia@1293 1148 # (in English)
peytoia@1293 1149 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
peytoia@1293 1150 #
peytoia@1293 1151 # (in Arabic)
peytoia@1293 1152 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
peytoia@1293 1153
aefimov@7726 1154 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
aefimov@7726 1155 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
aefimov@7726 1156 # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
aefimov@7726 1157 # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
aefimov@7726 1158 # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
aefimov@7726 1159 # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
peytoia@1293 1160
peytoia@2418 1161 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
peytoia@2418 1162 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
peytoia@2418 1163 #
peytoia@2418 1164 # (translation):
peytoia@2418 1165 # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
peytoia@2418 1166 # Sunday...
peytoia@2418 1167 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
peytoia@2418 1168 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
peytoia@2418 1169 #
peytoia@2418 1170 # (in Arabic)
peytoia@2418 1171 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
peytoia@2418 1172 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
peytoia@2418 1173 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
peytoia@2418 1174
duke@0 1175 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
duke@0 1176 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1177 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
duke@0 1178 Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1179 Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
duke@0 1180 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1181 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
duke@0 1182 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1183 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
duke@0 1184 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1185 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
duke@0 1186 Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
duke@0 1187 Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
duke@0 1188 Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
duke@0 1189 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1190 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
duke@0 1191 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1192 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
duke@0 1193 Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1194 Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
duke@0 1195 Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1196 Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1197 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
duke@0 1198 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
peytoia@1293 1199 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
peytoia@1293 1200 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
peytoia@2418 1201
duke@0 1202 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
duke@0 1203 # more precise 0:09:21.
duke@0 1204 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
duke@0 1205 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
duke@0 1206 Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
aefimov@7726 1207 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
duke@0 1208 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
duke@0 1209
duke@0 1210 # Uganda
aefimov@7768 1211 # See Africa/Nairobi.
duke@0 1212
duke@0 1213 # Zambia
duke@0 1214 # Zimbabwe
aefimov@7758 1215 # See Africa/Maputo.