changeset 8086:84c3e31f3c4a

8033699: Incorrect radio button behavior Reviewed-by: azvegint, alexsch
author van
date Mon, 13 Oct 2014 14:59:40 -0700
parents 5e38c7e9b978
children 609145c7dc68
files src/share/classes/javax/swing/plaf/basic/BasicRadioButtonUI.java test/javax/swing/JRadioButton/8033699/bug8033699.java
diffstat 2 files changed, 607 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/src/share/classes/javax/swing/plaf/basic/BasicRadioButtonUI.java	Fri Oct 10 20:14:42 2014 +0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/javax/swing/plaf/basic/BasicRadioButtonUI.java	Mon Oct 13 14:59:40 2014 -0700
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 1997, 2008, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 1997, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
  *
  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -33,7 +33,8 @@
 import javax.swing.text.View;
 import sun.swing.SwingUtilities2;
 import sun.awt.AppContext;
-
+import java.util.Enumeration;
+import java.util.HashSet;
 
 /**
  * RadioButtonUI implementation for BasicRadioButtonUI
@@ -44,15 +45,27 @@
 {
     private static final Object BASIC_RADIO_BUTTON_UI_KEY = new Object();
 
+    /**
+     * The icon.
+     */
     protected Icon icon;
 
     private boolean defaults_initialized = false;
 
     private final static String propertyPrefix = "RadioButton" + ".";
 
+    private KeyListener keyListener = null;
+
     // ********************************
     //        Create PLAF
     // ********************************
+
+    /**
+     * Returns an instance of {@code BasicRadioButtonUI}.
+     *
+     * @param b a component
+     * @return an instance of {@code BasicRadioButtonUI}
+     */
     public static ComponentUI createUI(JComponent b) {
         AppContext appContext = AppContext.getAppContext();
         BasicRadioButtonUI radioButtonUI =
@@ -64,6 +77,7 @@
         return radioButtonUI;
     }
 
+    @Override
     protected String getPropertyPrefix() {
         return propertyPrefix;
     }
@@ -71,7 +85,8 @@
     // ********************************
     //        Install PLAF
     // ********************************
-    protected void installDefaults(AbstractButton b){
+    @Override
+    protected void installDefaults(AbstractButton b) {
         super.installDefaults(b);
         if(!defaults_initialized) {
             icon = UIManager.getIcon(getPropertyPrefix() + "icon");
@@ -82,15 +97,80 @@
     // ********************************
     //        Uninstall PLAF
     // ********************************
-    protected void uninstallDefaults(AbstractButton b){
+    @Override
+    protected void uninstallDefaults(AbstractButton b) {
         super.uninstallDefaults(b);
         defaults_initialized = false;
     }
 
+    /**
+     * Returns the default icon.
+     *
+     * @return the default icon
+     */
     public Icon getDefaultIcon() {
         return icon;
     }
 
+    // ********************************
+    //        Install Listeners
+    // ********************************
+    @Override
+    protected void installListeners(AbstractButton button) {
+        super.installListeners(button);
+
+        // Only for JRadioButton
+        if (!(button instanceof JRadioButton))
+            return;
+
+        keyListener = createKeyListener();
+        button.addKeyListener(keyListener);
+
+        // Need to get traversal key event
+        button.setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled(false);
+
+        // Map actions to the arrow keys
+        button.getActionMap().put("Previous", new SelectPreviousBtn());
+        button.getActionMap().put("Next", new SelectNextBtn());
+
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT).
+            put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("UP"), "Previous");
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT).
+            put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("DOWN"), "Next");
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT).
+            put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("LEFT"), "Previous");
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT).
+            put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("RIGHT"), "Next");
+    }
+
+    // ********************************
+    //        UnInstall Listeners
+    // ********************************
+    @Override
+    protected void uninstallListeners(AbstractButton button) {
+        super.uninstallListeners(button);
+
+        // Only for JRadioButton
+        if (!(button instanceof JRadioButton))
+            return;
+
+        // Unmap actions from the arrow keys
+        button.getActionMap().remove("Previous");
+        button.getActionMap().remove("Next");
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT)
+                    .remove(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("UP"));
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT)
+                    .remove(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("DOWN"));
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT)
+                    .remove(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("LEFT"));
+        button.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT)
+                    .remove(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("RIGHT"));
+
+        if (keyListener != null) {
+            button.removeKeyListener(keyListener);
+            keyListener = null;
+        }
+    }
 
     /* These Dimensions/Rectangles are allocated once for all
      * RadioButtonUI.paint() calls.  Re-using rectangles
@@ -106,6 +186,7 @@
     /**
      * paint the radio button
      */
+    @Override
     public synchronized void paint(Graphics g, JComponent c) {
         AbstractButton b = (AbstractButton) c;
         ButtonModel model = b.getModel();
@@ -195,7 +276,14 @@
         }
     }
 
-    protected void paintFocus(Graphics g, Rectangle textRect, Dimension size){
+    /**
+     * Paints focused radio button.
+     *
+     * @param g an instance of {@code Graphics}
+     * @param textRect bounds
+     * @param size the size of radio button
+     */
+    protected void paintFocus(Graphics g, Rectangle textRect, Dimension size) {
     }
 
 
@@ -213,6 +301,7 @@
     /**
      * The preferred size of the radio button
      */
+    @Override
     public Dimension getPreferredSize(JComponent c) {
         if(c.getComponentCount() > 0) {
             return null;
@@ -258,4 +347,262 @@
         height += prefInsets.top + prefInsets.bottom;
         return new Dimension(width, height);
     }
+
+    /////////////////////////// Private functions ////////////////////////
+    /**
+     * Creates the key listener to handle tab navigation in JRadioButton Group.
+     */
+    private KeyListener createKeyListener() {
+         if (keyListener == null) {
+            keyListener = new KeyHandler();
+        }
+        return keyListener;
+    }
+
+
+    private boolean isValidRadioButtonObj(Object obj) {
+        return ((obj instanceof JRadioButton) &&
+                    ((JRadioButton) obj).isVisible() &&
+                    ((JRadioButton) obj).isEnabled());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Select radio button based on "Previous" or "Next" operation
+     *
+     * @param event, the event object.
+     * @param next, indicate if it's next one
+     */
+    private void selectRadioButton(ActionEvent event, boolean next) {
+        // Get the source of the event.
+        Object eventSrc = event.getSource();
+
+        // Check whether the source is JRadioButton, it so, whether it is visible
+        if (!isValidRadioButtonObj(eventSrc))
+            return;
+
+        ButtonGroupInfo btnGroupInfo = new ButtonGroupInfo((JRadioButton)eventSrc);
+        btnGroupInfo.selectNewButton(next);
+    }
+
+    /////////////////////////// Inner Classes ////////////////////////
+    @SuppressWarnings("serial")
+    private class SelectPreviousBtn extends AbstractAction {
+        public SelectPreviousBtn() {
+            super("Previous");
+        }
+
+        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
+           BasicRadioButtonUI.this.selectRadioButton(e, false);
+        }
+    }
+
+    @SuppressWarnings("serial")
+    private class SelectNextBtn extends AbstractAction{
+        public SelectNextBtn() {
+            super("Next");
+        }
+
+        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
+            BasicRadioButtonUI.this.selectRadioButton(e, true);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * ButtonGroupInfo, used to get related info in button group
+     * for given radio button
+     */
+    private class ButtonGroupInfo {
+
+        JRadioButton activeBtn = null;
+
+        JRadioButton firstBtn = null;
+        JRadioButton lastBtn = null;
+
+        JRadioButton previousBtn = null;
+        JRadioButton nextBtn = null;
+
+        HashSet<JRadioButton> btnsInGroup = null;
+
+        boolean srcFound = false;
+        public ButtonGroupInfo(JRadioButton btn) {
+            activeBtn = btn;
+            btnsInGroup = new HashSet<JRadioButton>();
+        }
+
+        // Check if given object is in the button group
+        boolean containsInGroup(Object obj){
+           return btnsInGroup.contains(obj);
+        }
+
+        // Check if the next object to gain focus belongs
+        // to the button group or not
+        Component getFocusTransferBaseComponent(boolean next){
+            Component focusBaseComp = activeBtn;
+            Window container = SwingUtilities.getWindowAncestor(activeBtn);
+            if (container != null) {
+                FocusTraversalPolicy policy = container.getFocusTraversalPolicy();
+                Component comp = next ? policy.getComponentAfter(container, activeBtn)
+                                      : policy.getComponentBefore(container, activeBtn);
+
+                // If next component in the button group, use last/first button as base focus
+                // otherwise, use the activeBtn as the base focus
+                if (containsInGroup(comp)) {
+                    focusBaseComp = next ? lastBtn : firstBtn;
+                }
+            }
+
+            return focusBaseComp;
+        }
+
+        boolean getButtonGroupInfo() {
+            if (activeBtn == null)
+                return false;
+
+            btnsInGroup.clear();
+
+            // Get the button model from the source.
+            ButtonModel model = activeBtn.getModel();
+            if (!(model instanceof DefaultButtonModel))
+                return false;
+
+            // If the button model is DefaultButtonModel, and use it, otherwise return.
+            DefaultButtonModel bm = (DefaultButtonModel) model;
+
+            // get the ButtonGroup of the button from the button model
+            ButtonGroup group = bm.getGroup();
+            if (group == null)
+                return false;
+
+            // Get all the buttons in the group
+            Enumeration<AbstractButton> e = group.getElements();
+            if (e == null)
+                return false;
+
+            while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
+                AbstractButton curElement = e.nextElement();
+                if (!isValidRadioButtonObj(curElement))
+                    continue;
+
+                btnsInGroup.add((JRadioButton) curElement);
+
+                // If firstBtn is not set yet, curElement is that first button
+                if (null == firstBtn)
+                    firstBtn = (JRadioButton) curElement;
+
+                if (activeBtn == curElement)
+                    srcFound = true;
+                else if (!srcFound) {
+                    // The source has not been yet found and the current element
+                    // is the last previousBtn
+                    previousBtn = (JRadioButton) curElement;
+                } else if (nextBtn == null) {
+                    // The source has been found and the current element
+                    // is the next valid button of the list
+                    nextBtn = (JRadioButton) curElement;
+                }
+
+                // Set new last "valid" JRadioButton of the list
+                lastBtn = (JRadioButton) curElement;
+            }
+
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        /**
+          * Find the new radio button that focus needs to be
+          * moved to in the group, select the button
+          *
+          * @param next, indicate if it's arrow up/left or down/right
+          */
+        void selectNewButton(boolean next) {
+            if (!getButtonGroupInfo())
+                return;
+
+            if (srcFound) {
+                JRadioButton newSelectedBtn = null;
+                if (next) {
+                    // Select Next button. Cycle to the first button if the source
+                    // button is the last of the group.
+                    newSelectedBtn = (null == nextBtn) ? firstBtn : nextBtn;
+                } else {
+                    // Select previous button. Cycle to the last button if the source
+                    // button is the first button of the group.
+                    newSelectedBtn = (null == previousBtn) ? lastBtn : previousBtn;
+                }
+                if (newSelectedBtn != null &&
+                    (newSelectedBtn != activeBtn)) {
+                    newSelectedBtn.requestFocusInWindow();
+                    newSelectedBtn.setSelected(true);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        /**
+          * Find the button group the passed in JRadioButton belongs to, and
+          * move focus to next component of the last button in the group
+          * or previous component of first button
+          *
+          * @param next, indicate if jump to next component or previous
+          */
+        void jumpToNextComponent(boolean next) {
+            if (!getButtonGroupInfo()){
+                // In case the button does not belong to any group, it needs
+                // to be treated as a component
+                if (activeBtn != null){
+                    lastBtn = activeBtn;
+                    firstBtn = activeBtn;
+                }
+                else
+                    return;
+            }
+
+            // Update the component we will use as base to transfer
+            // focus from
+            JComponent compTransferFocusFrom = activeBtn;
+
+            // If next component in the parent window is not in
+            // the button group, current active button will be
+            // base, otherwise, the base will be first or last
+            // button in the button group
+            Component focusBase = getFocusTransferBaseComponent(next);
+            if (focusBase != null){
+                if (next) {
+                    KeyboardFocusManager.
+                        getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().focusNextComponent(focusBase);
+                } else {
+                    KeyboardFocusManager.
+                        getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().focusPreviousComponent(focusBase);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Radiobutton KeyListener
+     */
+    private class KeyHandler implements KeyListener {
+
+        // This listener checks if the key event is a KeyEvent.VK_TAB
+        // or shift + KeyEvent.VK_TAB event on a radio button, consume the event
+        // if so and move the focus to next/previous component
+        public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
+            if (e.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.VK_TAB) {
+                 // Get the source of the event.
+                Object eventSrc = e.getSource();
+
+                // Check whether the source is a visible and enabled JRadioButton
+                if (isValidRadioButtonObj(eventSrc)) {
+                    e.consume();
+                    ButtonGroupInfo btnGroupInfo = new ButtonGroupInfo((JRadioButton)eventSrc);
+                    btnGroupInfo.jumpToNextComponent(!e.isShiftDown());
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e) {
+        }
+
+        public void keyTyped(KeyEvent e) {
+        }
+    }
 }
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/javax/swing/JRadioButton/8033699/bug8033699.java	Mon Oct 13 14:59:40 2014 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,255 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * @test
+ * @library ../../regtesthelpers
+ * @build Util
+ * @bug 8033699
+ * @summary  Incorrect radio button behavior when pressing tab key
+ * @author Vivi An
+ * @run main bug8033699
+ */
+
+import javax.swing.*;
+import javax.swing.event.*;
+import java.awt.event.*;
+import java.awt.*;
+import sun.awt.SunToolkit;
+
+public class bug8033699 {
+    private static Robot robot;
+    private static SunToolkit toolkit;
+
+    private static JButton btnStart;
+    private static ButtonGroup btnGrp;
+    private static JButton btnEnd;
+    private static JButton btnMiddle;
+    private static JRadioButton radioBtn1;
+    private static JRadioButton radioBtn2;
+    private static JRadioButton radioBtn3;
+    private static JRadioButton radioBtnSingle;
+
+    public static void main(String args[]) throws Throwable {
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                createAndShowGUI();
+            }
+        });
+
+        robot = new Robot();
+        Thread.sleep(100);
+
+        robot.setAutoDelay(100);
+        toolkit = (SunToolkit) Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();
+
+        // tab key test grouped radio button
+        runTest1();
+
+        // tab key test non-grouped radio button
+        runTest2();
+
+        // shift tab key test grouped and non grouped radio button
+        runTest3();
+
+        // left/up key test in grouped radio button
+        runTest4();
+
+        // down/right key test in grouped radio button
+        runTest5();
+
+        // tab from radio button in group to next component in the middle of button group layout
+        runTest6();
+
+        // tab to radio button in group from component in the middle of button group layout
+        runTest7();
+
+        // down key circle back to first button in grouped radio button
+        runTest8();
+    }
+
+    private static void createAndShowGUI() {
+        JFrame mainFrame = new JFrame("Bug 8033699 - 8 Tests for Grouped/Non Group Radio Buttons");
+
+        btnStart = new JButton("Start");
+        btnEnd = new JButton("End");
+        btnMiddle = new JButton("Middle");
+
+        JPanel box = new JPanel();
+        box.setLayout(new BoxLayout(box, BoxLayout.Y_AXIS));
+        box.setBorder(BorderFactory.createTitledBorder("Grouped Radio Buttons"));
+        radioBtn1 = new JRadioButton("A");
+        radioBtn2 = new JRadioButton("B");
+        radioBtn3 = new JRadioButton("C");
+
+        ButtonGroup btnGrp = new ButtonGroup();
+        btnGrp.add(radioBtn1);
+        btnGrp.add(radioBtn2);
+        btnGrp.add(radioBtn3);
+        radioBtn1.setSelected(true);
+
+        box.add(radioBtn1);
+        box.add(radioBtn2);
+        box.add(btnMiddle);
+        box.add(radioBtn3);
+
+        radioBtnSingle = new JRadioButton("Not Grouped");
+        radioBtnSingle.setSelected(true);
+
+        mainFrame.getContentPane().add(btnStart);
+        mainFrame.getContentPane().add(box);
+        mainFrame.getContentPane().add(radioBtnSingle);
+        mainFrame.getContentPane().add(btnEnd);
+
+        mainFrame.getRootPane().setDefaultButton(btnStart);
+        btnStart.requestFocus();
+
+        mainFrame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
+        mainFrame.setLayout(new BoxLayout(mainFrame.getContentPane(), BoxLayout.Y_AXIS));
+
+        mainFrame.setSize(300, 300);
+        mainFrame.setLocation(200, 200);
+        mainFrame.setVisible(true);
+        mainFrame.toFront();
+    }
+
+    // Radio button Group as a single component when traversing through tab key
+    private static void runTest1() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtnSingle) {
+                    System.out.println("Radio Button Group Go To Next Component through Tab Key failed");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button Single as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    // Non-Grouped Radio button as a single component when traversing through tab key
+    private static void runTest2() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != btnEnd) {
+                    System.out.println("Non Grouped Radio Button Go To Next Component through Tab Key failed");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Button End as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    // Non-Grouped Radio button and Group Radio button as a single component when traversing through shift-tab key
+    private static void runTest3() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_SHIFT, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_SHIFT, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtn3) {
+                    System.out.println("Radio button Group/Non Grouped Radio Button SHIFT-Tab Key Test failed");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button C as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    // Using arrow key to move focus in radio button group
+    private static void runTest4() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_UP);
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_LEFT);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtn1) {
+                    System.out.println("Radio button Group UP/LEFT Arrow Key Move Focus Failed");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button A as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    private static void runTest5() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_RIGHT);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtn3) {
+                    System.out.println("Radio button Group Left/Up Arrow Key Move Focus Failed");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button C as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    private static void runTest6() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtn2) {
+                    System.out.println("Radio button Group Circle Back To First Button Test");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button A as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    private static void runTest7() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != btnMiddle) {
+                    System.out.println("Separate Component added in button group layout");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Middle Button as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    private static void runTest8() throws Exception{
+        hitKey(robot, KeyEvent.VK_TAB);
+        SwingUtilities.invokeAndWait(new Runnable() {
+            public void run() {
+                if (KeyboardFocusManager.getCurrentKeyboardFocusManager().getFocusOwner() != radioBtn3) {
+                    System.out.println("Separate Component added in button group layout");
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Focus is not on Radio Button C as Expected");
+                }
+            }
+        });
+    }
+
+    private static void hitKey(Robot robot, int keycode) {
+        robot.keyPress(keycode);
+        robot.keyRelease(keycode);
+        toolkit.realSync();
+    }
+
+    private static void hitKey(Robot robot, int mode, int keycode) {
+        robot.keyPress(mode);
+        robot.keyPress(keycode);
+        robot.keyRelease(mode);
+        robot.keyRelease(keycode);
+        toolkit.realSync();
+    }
+}