view jmh-samples/src/main/java/org/openjdk/jmh/samples/JMHSample_12_Forking.java @ 1276:0879b862a1a3

Continue in 1.11-SNAPSHOT.
author shade
date Fri, 28 Aug 2015 23:43:03 +0300
parents 962a1d288d71
children bbf0d4be9468
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2014, Oracle America, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *  * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 *  * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 *  * Neither the name of Oracle nor the names of its contributors may be used
 *    to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
 * THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */
package org.openjdk.jmh.samples;

import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.Benchmark;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.BenchmarkMode;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.Fork;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.Mode;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.OutputTimeUnit;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.Scope;
import org.openjdk.jmh.annotations.State;
import org.openjdk.jmh.runner.Runner;
import org.openjdk.jmh.runner.RunnerException;
import org.openjdk.jmh.runner.options.Options;
import org.openjdk.jmh.runner.options.OptionsBuilder;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

@State(Scope.Thread)
@BenchmarkMode(Mode.AverageTime)
@OutputTimeUnit(TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS)
public class JMHSample_12_Forking {

    /*
     * JVMs are notoriously good at profile-guided optimizations. This is bad for benchmarks,
     * because different tests can mix their profiles together, and then render the "uniformly bad"
     * code for every test. Forking each test can help to evade this issue.
     *
     * JMH will fork the tests by default.
     */

    /*
     * Suppose we have this simple counter interface, and also have two implementations.
     * Even though those are semantically the same, from the JVM standpoint, those are
     * distinct classes.
     */

    public interface Counter {
        int inc();
    }

    public class Counter1 implements Counter {
        private int x;

        @Override
        public int inc() {
            return x++;
        }
    }

    public class Counter2 implements Counter {
        private int x;

        @Override
        public int inc() {
            return x++;
        }
    }

    /*
     * And this is how we measure it.
     * Note this is susceptible for same issue with loops we mention in previous examples.
     */

    public int measure(Counter c) {
        int s = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            s += c.inc();
        }
        return s;
    }

    /*
     * These are two counters.
     */
    Counter c1 = new Counter1();
    Counter c2 = new Counter2();

    /*
     * We first measure the Counter1 alone...
     * Fork(0) helps to run in the same JVM.
     */

    @Benchmark
    @Fork(0)
    public int measure_1_c1() {
        return measure(c1);
    }

    /*
     * Then Counter2...
     */

    @Benchmark
    @Fork(0)
    public int measure_2_c2() {
        return measure(c2);
    }

    /*
     * Then Counter1 again...
     */

    @Benchmark
    @Fork(0)
    public int measure_3_c1_again() {
        return measure(c1);
    }

    /*
     * These two tests have explicit @Fork annotation.
     * JMH takes this annotation as the request to run the test in the forked JVM.
     * It's even simpler to force this behavior for all the tests via the command
     * line option "-f". The forking is default, but we still use the annotation
     * for the consistency.
     *
     * This is the test for Counter1.
     */

    @Benchmark
    @Fork(1)
    public int measure_4_forked_c1() {
        return measure(c1);
    }

    /*
     * ...and this is the test for Counter2.
     */

    @Benchmark
    @Fork(1)
    public int measure_5_forked_c2() {
        return measure(c2);
    }

    /*
     * ============================== HOW TO RUN THIS TEST: ====================================
     *
     * Note that C1 is faster, C2 is slower, but the C1 is slow again! This is because
     * the profiles for C1 and C2 had merged together. Notice how flawless the measurement
     * is for forked runs.
     *
     * You can run this test:
     *
     * a) Via the command line:
     *    $ mvn clean install
     *    $ java -jar target/benchmarks.jar JMHSample_12 -wi 5 -i 5
     *    (we requested 5 warmup/measurement iterations)
     *
     * b) Via the Java API:
     *    (see the JMH homepage for possible caveats when running from IDE:
     *      http://openjdk.java.net/projects/code-tools/jmh/)
     */

    public static void main(String[] args) throws RunnerException {
        Options opt = new OptionsBuilder()
                .include(JMHSample_12_Forking.class.getSimpleName())
                .warmupIterations(5)
                .measurementIterations(5)
                .build();

        new Runner(opt).run();
    }

}