view src/hotspot/share/runtime/thread.hpp @ 59830:431d17e9235f

8246369: CodeCache.findBlobUnsafe(addr) sometimes asserts with valid address Reviewed-by: sspitsyn, amenkov
author cjplummer
date Wed, 17 Jun 2020 13:12:54 -0700
parents e497d4071959
children 76810b3a88c8 f8cffefd6e9b
line wrap: on
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 * Copyright (c) 1997, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.


#include "jni.h"
#include "code/compiledMethod.hpp"
#include "gc/shared/gcThreadLocalData.hpp"
#include "gc/shared/threadLocalAllocBuffer.hpp"
#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
#include "oops/oop.hpp"
#include "prims/jvmtiExport.hpp"
#include "runtime/frame.hpp"
#include "runtime/globals.hpp"
#include "runtime/handshake.hpp"
#include "runtime/javaFrameAnchor.hpp"
#include "runtime/jniHandles.hpp"
#include "runtime/mutexLocker.hpp"
#include "runtime/os.hpp"
#include "runtime/osThread.hpp"
#include "runtime/park.hpp"
#include "runtime/stubRoutines.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadHeapSampler.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadLocalStorage.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadStatisticalInfo.hpp"
#include "runtime/unhandledOops.hpp"
#include "utilities/align.hpp"
#include "utilities/exceptions.hpp"
#include "utilities/globalDefinitions.hpp"
#include "utilities/macros.hpp"
#ifdef ZERO
# include "stack_zero.hpp"
#include "jfr/support/jfrThreadExtension.hpp"

class SafeThreadsListPtr;
class ThreadSafepointState;
class ThreadsList;
class ThreadsSMRSupport;

class JvmtiRawMonitor;
class JvmtiThreadState;
class ThreadStatistics;
class ConcurrentLocksDump;
class ParkEvent;
class Parker;
class MonitorInfo;

class ciEnv;
class CompileThread;
class CompileLog;
class CompileTask;
class CompileQueue;
class CompilerCounters;

class vframeArray;
class vframe;
class javaVFrame;

class DeoptResourceMark;
class jvmtiDeferredLocalVariableSet;

class ThreadClosure;
class ICRefillVerifier;
class IdealGraphPrinter;

class JVMCIEnv;
class JVMCIPrimitiveArray;

class Metadata;
class ResourceArea;

DEBUG_ONLY(class ResourceMark;)

class WorkerThread;

// Class hierarchy
// - Thread
//   - JavaThread
//     - various subclasses eg CompilerThread, ServiceThread
//   - NonJavaThread
//     - NamedThread
//       - VMThread
//       - ConcurrentGCThread
//       - WorkerThread
//         - GangWorker
//     - WatcherThread
//     - JfrThreadSampler
// All Thread subclasses must be either JavaThread or NonJavaThread.
// This means !t->is_Java_thread() iff t is a NonJavaThread, or t is
// a partially constructed/destroyed Thread.

// Thread execution sequence and actions:
// All threads:
//  - thread_native_entry  // per-OS native entry point
//    - stack initialization
//    - other OS-level initialization (signal masks etc)
//    - handshake with creating thread (if not started suspended)
//    - this->call_run()  // common shared entry point
//      - shared common initialization
//      - this->pre_run()  // virtual per-thread-type initialization
//      - this->run()      // virtual per-thread-type "main" logic
//      - shared common tear-down
//      - this->post_run()  // virtual per-thread-type tear-down
//      - // 'this' no longer referenceable
//    - OS-level tear-down (minimal)
//    - final logging
// For JavaThread:
//   - this->run()  // virtual but not normally overridden
//     - this->thread_main_inner()  // extra call level to ensure correct stack calculations
//       - this->entry_point()  // set differently for each kind of JavaThread

class Thread: public ThreadShadow {
  friend class VMStructs;
  friend class JVMCIVMStructs;

  // Current thread is maintained as a thread-local variable
  static THREAD_LOCAL Thread* _thr_current;

  // Thread local data area available to the GC. The internal
  // structure and contents of this data area is GC-specific.
  // Only GC and GC barrier code should access this data area.
  GCThreadLocalData _gc_data;

  static ByteSize gc_data_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(Thread, _gc_data);

  template <typename T> T* gc_data() {
    STATIC_ASSERT(sizeof(T) <= sizeof(_gc_data));
    return reinterpret_cast<T*>(&_gc_data);

  // Exception handling
  // (Note: _pending_exception and friends are in ThreadShadow)
  //oop       _pending_exception;                // pending exception for current thread
  // const char* _exception_file;                   // file information for exception (debugging only)
  // int         _exception_line;                   // line information for exception (debugging only)

  DEBUG_ONLY(static Thread* _starting_thread;)

  // Support for forcing alignment of thread objects for biased locking
  void*       _real_malloc_address;

  // JavaThread lifecycle support:
  friend class SafeThreadsListPtr;  // for _threads_list_ptr, cmpxchg_threads_hazard_ptr(), {dec_,inc_,}nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt(), {g,s}et_threads_hazard_ptr(), inc_nested_handle_cnt(), tag_hazard_ptr() access
  friend class ScanHazardPtrGatherProtectedThreadsClosure;  // for cmpxchg_threads_hazard_ptr(), get_threads_hazard_ptr(), is_hazard_ptr_tagged() access
  friend class ScanHazardPtrGatherThreadsListClosure;  // for get_threads_hazard_ptr(), untag_hazard_ptr() access
  friend class ScanHazardPtrPrintMatchingThreadsClosure;  // for get_threads_hazard_ptr(), is_hazard_ptr_tagged() access
  friend class ThreadsSMRSupport;  // for _nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt, _threads_hazard_ptr, _threads_list_ptr access

  ThreadsList* volatile _threads_hazard_ptr;
  SafeThreadsListPtr*   _threads_list_ptr;
  ThreadsList*          cmpxchg_threads_hazard_ptr(ThreadsList* exchange_value, ThreadsList* compare_value);
  ThreadsList*          get_threads_hazard_ptr();
  void                  set_threads_hazard_ptr(ThreadsList* new_list);
  static bool           is_hazard_ptr_tagged(ThreadsList* list) {
    return (intptr_t(list) & intptr_t(1)) == intptr_t(1);
  static ThreadsList*   tag_hazard_ptr(ThreadsList* list) {
    return (ThreadsList*)(intptr_t(list) | intptr_t(1));
  static ThreadsList*   untag_hazard_ptr(ThreadsList* list) {
    return (ThreadsList*)(intptr_t(list) & ~intptr_t(1));
  // This field is enabled via -XX:+EnableThreadSMRStatistics:
  uint _nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt;
  void dec_nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt() {
    assert(_nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt != 0, "mismatched {dec,inc}_nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt()");
  void inc_nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt() {
  uint nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt() {
    return _nested_threads_hazard_ptr_cnt;

  void* operator new(size_t size) throw() { return allocate(size, true); }
  void* operator new(size_t size, const std::nothrow_t& nothrow_constant) throw() {
    return allocate(size, false); }
  void  operator delete(void* p);

  static void* allocate(size_t size, bool throw_excpt, MEMFLAGS flags = mtThread);

  // ***************************************************************
  // Suspend and resume support
  // ***************************************************************
  // VM suspend/resume no longer exists - it was once used for various
  // things including safepoints but was deprecated and finally removed
  // in Java 7. Because VM suspension was considered "internal" Java-level
  // suspension was considered "external", and this legacy naming scheme
  // remains.
  // External suspend/resume requests come from JVM_SuspendThread,
  // JVM_ResumeThread, JVMTI SuspendThread, and finally JVMTI
  // ResumeThread. External
  // suspend requests cause _external_suspend to be set and external
  // resume requests cause _external_suspend to be cleared.
  // External suspend requests do not nest on top of other external
  // suspend requests. The higher level APIs reject suspend requests
  // for already suspended threads.
  // The external_suspend
  // flag is checked by has_special_runtime_exit_condition() and java thread
  // will self-suspend when handle_special_runtime_exit_condition() is
  // called. Most uses of the _thread_blocked state in JavaThreads are
  // considered the same as being externally suspended; if the blocking
  // condition lifts, the JavaThread will self-suspend. Other places
  // where VM checks for external_suspend include:
  //   + mutex granting (do not enter monitors when thread is suspended)
  //   + state transitions from _thread_in_native
  // In general, java_suspend() does not wait for an external suspend
  // request to complete. When it returns, the only guarantee is that
  // the _external_suspend field is true.
  // wait_for_ext_suspend_completion() is used to wait for an external
  // suspend request to complete. External suspend requests are usually
  // followed by some other interface call that requires the thread to
  // be quiescent, e.g., GetCallTrace(). By moving the "wait time" into
  // the interface that requires quiescence, we give the JavaThread a
  // chance to self-suspend before we need it to be quiescent. This
  // improves overall suspend/query performance.
  // _suspend_flags controls the behavior of java_ suspend/resume.
  // It must be set under the protection of SR_lock. Read from the flag is
  // OK without SR_lock as long as the value is only used as a hint.
  // (e.g., check _external_suspend first without lock and then recheck
  // inside SR_lock and finish the suspension)
  // _suspend_flags is also overloaded for other "special conditions" so
  // that a single check indicates whether any special action is needed
  // eg. for async exceptions.
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Notes:
  // 1. The suspend/resume logic no longer uses ThreadState in OSThread
  // but we still update its value to keep other part of the system (mainly
  // JVMTI) happy. ThreadState is legacy code (see notes in
  // osThread.hpp).
  // 2. It would be more natural if set_external_suspend() is private and
  // part of java_suspend(), but that probably would affect the suspend/query
  // performance. Need more investigation on this.

  // suspend/resume lock: used for self-suspend
  Monitor* _SR_lock;

  enum SuspendFlags {
    // NOTE: avoid using the sign-bit as cc generates different test code
    //       when the sign-bit is used, and sometimes incorrectly - see CR 6398077

    _external_suspend       = 0x20000000U, // thread is asked to self suspend
    _ext_suspended          = 0x40000000U, // thread has self-suspended

    _has_async_exception    = 0x00000001U, // there is a pending async exception
    _critical_native_unlock = 0x00000002U, // Must call back to unlock JNI critical lock

    _trace_flag             = 0x00000004U  // call tracing backend

  // various suspension related flags - atomically updated
  // overloaded for async exception checking in check_special_condition_for_native_trans.
  volatile uint32_t _suspend_flags;

  int _num_nested_signal;

  DEBUG_ONLY(bool _suspendible_thread;)

  void enter_signal_handler() { _num_nested_signal++; }
  void leave_signal_handler() { _num_nested_signal--; }
  bool is_inside_signal_handler() const { return _num_nested_signal > 0; }

  // Determines if a heap allocation failure will be retried
  // (e.g., by deoptimizing and re-executing in the interpreter).
  // In this case, the failed allocation must raise
  // Universe::out_of_memory_error_retry() and omit side effects
  // such as JVMTI events and handling -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError
  // and -XX:OnOutOfMemoryError.
  virtual bool in_retryable_allocation() const { return false; }

#ifdef ASSERT
  void set_suspendible_thread() {
    _suspendible_thread = true;

  void clear_suspendible_thread() {
    _suspendible_thread = false;

  bool is_suspendible_thread() { return _suspendible_thread; }

  // Active_handles points to a block of handles
  JNIHandleBlock* _active_handles;

  // One-element thread local free list
  JNIHandleBlock* _free_handle_block;

  // Point to the last handle mark
  HandleMark* _last_handle_mark;

  // Claim value for parallel iteration over threads.
  uintx _threads_do_token;

  // Support for GlobalCounter
  volatile uintx _rcu_counter;
  volatile uintx* get_rcu_counter() {
    return &_rcu_counter;

  void set_last_handle_mark(HandleMark* mark)   { _last_handle_mark = mark; }
  HandleMark* last_handle_mark() const          { return _last_handle_mark; }

#ifdef ASSERT
  ICRefillVerifier* _missed_ic_stub_refill_verifier;

  ICRefillVerifier* missed_ic_stub_refill_verifier() {
    return _missed_ic_stub_refill_verifier;

  void set_missed_ic_stub_refill_verifier(ICRefillVerifier* verifier) {
    _missed_ic_stub_refill_verifier = verifier;
#endif // ASSERT


  // Debug support for checking if code allows safepoints or not.
  // Safepoints in the VM can happen because of allocation, invoking a VM operation, or blocking on
  // mutex, or blocking on an object synchronizer (Java locking).
  // If _no_safepoint_count is non-zero, then an assertion failure will happen in any of
  // the above cases.
  // The class NoSafepointVerifier is used to set this counter.
  NOT_PRODUCT(int _no_safepoint_count;)         // If 0, thread allow a safepoint to happen

  // Used by SkipGCALot class.
  NOT_PRODUCT(bool _skip_gcalot;)               // Should we elide gc-a-lot?

  friend class GCLocker;
  friend class NoSafepointVerifier;
  friend class PauseNoSafepointVerifier;

  volatile void* _polling_page;                 // Thread local polling page

  ThreadLocalAllocBuffer _tlab;                 // Thread-local eden
  jlong _allocated_bytes;                       // Cumulative number of bytes allocated on
                                                // the Java heap
  ThreadHeapSampler _heap_sampler;              // For use when sampling the memory.

  ThreadStatisticalInfo _statistical_info;      // Statistics about the thread

  JFR_ONLY(DEFINE_THREAD_LOCAL_FIELD_JFR;)      // Thread-local data for jfr

  int   _vm_operation_started_count;            // VM_Operation support
  int   _vm_operation_completed_count;          // VM_Operation support

  ObjectMonitor* _current_pending_monitor;      // ObjectMonitor this thread
                                                // is waiting to lock
  bool _current_pending_monitor_is_from_java;   // locking is from Java code
  JvmtiRawMonitor* _current_pending_raw_monitor; // JvmtiRawMonitor this thread
                                                 // is waiting to lock

  // ObjectMonitor on which this thread called Object.wait()
  ObjectMonitor* _current_waiting_monitor;

  // Per-thread ObjectMonitor lists:
  ObjectMonitor* om_free_list;                  // SLL of free ObjectMonitors
  int om_free_count;                            // # on om_free_list
  int om_free_provision;                        // # to try to allocate next
  ObjectMonitor* om_in_use_list;                // SLL of in-use ObjectMonitors
  int om_in_use_count;                          // # on om_in_use_list

#ifdef ASSERT
  volatile uint64_t _visited_for_critical_count;

  void set_visited_for_critical_count(uint64_t safepoint_id) {
    assert(_visited_for_critical_count == 0, "Must be reset before set");
    assert((safepoint_id & 0x1) == 1, "Must be odd");
    _visited_for_critical_count = safepoint_id;
  void reset_visited_for_critical_count(uint64_t safepoint_id) {
    assert(_visited_for_critical_count == safepoint_id, "Was not visited");
    _visited_for_critical_count = 0;
  bool was_visited_for_critical_count(uint64_t safepoint_id) const {
    return _visited_for_critical_count == safepoint_id;

  enum {
    is_definitely_current_thread = true

  // Constructor
  virtual ~Thread() = 0;        // Thread is abstract.

  // Manage Thread::current()
  void initialize_thread_current();
  static void clear_thread_current(); // TLS cleanup needed before threads terminate

  // To be implemented by children.
  virtual void run() = 0;
  virtual void pre_run() = 0;
  virtual void post_run() = 0;  // Note: Thread must not be deleted prior to calling this!

#ifdef ASSERT
  enum RunState {
    // POST_CALL_RUN - can't define this one as 'this' may be deleted when we want to set it
  RunState _run_state;  // for lifecycle checks

  // invokes <ChildThreadClass>::run(), with common preparations and cleanups.
  void call_run();

  // Testers
  virtual bool is_VM_thread()       const            { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Java_thread()     const            { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Compiler_thread() const            { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Code_cache_sweeper_thread() const  { return false; }
  virtual bool is_service_thread() const             { return false; }
  virtual bool is_hidden_from_external_view() const  { return false; }
  virtual bool is_jvmti_agent_thread() const         { return false; }
  // True iff the thread can perform GC operations at a safepoint.
  // Generally will be true only of VM thread and parallel GC WorkGang
  // threads.
  virtual bool is_GC_task_thread() const             { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Watcher_thread() const             { return false; }
  virtual bool is_ConcurrentGC_thread() const        { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Named_thread() const               { return false; }
  virtual bool is_Worker_thread() const              { return false; }

  // Can this thread make Java upcalls
  virtual bool can_call_java() const                 { return false; }

  // Is this a JavaThread that is on the VM's current ThreadsList?
  // If so it must participate in the safepoint protocol.
  virtual bool is_active_Java_thread() const         { return false; }

  // Casts
  virtual WorkerThread* as_Worker_thread() const     { return NULL; }

  virtual char* name() const { return (char*)"Unknown thread"; }

  // Returns the current thread (ASSERTS if NULL)
  static inline Thread* current();
  // Returns the current thread, or NULL if not attached
  static inline Thread* current_or_null();
  // Returns the current thread, or NULL if not attached, and is
  // safe for use from signal-handlers
  static inline Thread* current_or_null_safe();

  // Common thread operations
#ifdef ASSERT
  static void check_for_dangling_thread_pointer(Thread *thread);
  static void set_priority(Thread* thread, ThreadPriority priority);
  static ThreadPriority get_priority(const Thread* const thread);
  static void start(Thread* thread);

  void set_native_thread_name(const char *name) {
    assert(Thread::current() == this, "set_native_thread_name can only be called on the current thread");

  Monitor* SR_lock() const                       { return _SR_lock; }

  bool has_async_exception() const { return (_suspend_flags & _has_async_exception) != 0; }

  inline void set_suspend_flag(SuspendFlags f);
  inline void clear_suspend_flag(SuspendFlags f);

  inline void set_has_async_exception();
  inline void clear_has_async_exception();

  bool do_critical_native_unlock() const { return (_suspend_flags & _critical_native_unlock) != 0; }

  inline void set_critical_native_unlock();
  inline void clear_critical_native_unlock();

  inline void set_trace_flag();
  inline void clear_trace_flag();

  // Support for Unhandled Oop detection
  // Add the field for both, fastdebug and debug, builds to keep
  // Thread's fields layout the same.
  // Note: CHECK_UNHANDLED_OOPS is defined only for fastdebug build.
  UnhandledOops* _unhandled_oops;
#elif defined(ASSERT)
  void* _unhandled_oops;
  UnhandledOops* unhandled_oops() { return _unhandled_oops; }
  // Mark oop safe for gc.  It may be stack allocated but won't move.
  void allow_unhandled_oop(oop *op) {
    if (CheckUnhandledOops) unhandled_oops()->allow_unhandled_oop(op);
  // Clear oops at safepoint so crashes point to unhandled oop violator
  void clear_unhandled_oops() {
    if (CheckUnhandledOops) unhandled_oops()->clear_unhandled_oops();

#ifndef PRODUCT
  bool skip_gcalot()           { return _skip_gcalot; }
  void set_skip_gcalot(bool v) { _skip_gcalot = v;    }

  // Installs a pending exception to be inserted later
  static void send_async_exception(oop thread_oop, oop java_throwable);

  // Resource area
  ResourceArea* resource_area() const            { return _resource_area; }
  void set_resource_area(ResourceArea* area)     { _resource_area = area; }

  OSThread* osthread() const                     { return _osthread;   }
  void set_osthread(OSThread* thread)            { _osthread = thread; }

  // JNI handle support
  JNIHandleBlock* active_handles() const         { return _active_handles; }
  void set_active_handles(JNIHandleBlock* block) { _active_handles = block; }
  JNIHandleBlock* free_handle_block() const      { return _free_handle_block; }
  void set_free_handle_block(JNIHandleBlock* block) { _free_handle_block = block; }

  // Internal handle support
  HandleArea* handle_area() const                { return _handle_area; }
  void set_handle_area(HandleArea* area)         { _handle_area = area; }

  GrowableArray<Metadata*>* metadata_handles() const          { return _metadata_handles; }
  void set_metadata_handles(GrowableArray<Metadata*>* handles){ _metadata_handles = handles; }

  // Thread-Local Allocation Buffer (TLAB) support
  ThreadLocalAllocBuffer& tlab()                 { return _tlab; }
  void initialize_tlab() {
    if (UseTLAB) {

  jlong allocated_bytes()               { return _allocated_bytes; }
  void set_allocated_bytes(jlong value) { _allocated_bytes = value; }
  void incr_allocated_bytes(jlong size) { _allocated_bytes += size; }
  inline jlong cooked_allocated_bytes();

  ThreadHeapSampler& heap_sampler()     { return _heap_sampler; }

  ThreadStatisticalInfo& statistical_info() { return _statistical_info; }


  bool is_trace_suspend()               { return (_suspend_flags & _trace_flag) != 0; }

  // VM operation support
  int vm_operation_ticket()                      { return ++_vm_operation_started_count; }
  int vm_operation_completed_count()             { return _vm_operation_completed_count; }
  void increment_vm_operation_completed_count()  { _vm_operation_completed_count++; }

  // For tracking the heavyweight monitor the thread is pending on.
  ObjectMonitor* current_pending_monitor() {
    return _current_pending_monitor;
  void set_current_pending_monitor(ObjectMonitor* monitor) {
    _current_pending_monitor = monitor;
  void set_current_pending_monitor_is_from_java(bool from_java) {
    _current_pending_monitor_is_from_java = from_java;
  bool current_pending_monitor_is_from_java() {
    return _current_pending_monitor_is_from_java;

  // For tracking the ObjectMonitor on which this thread called Object.wait()
  ObjectMonitor* current_waiting_monitor() {
    return _current_waiting_monitor;
  void set_current_waiting_monitor(ObjectMonitor* monitor) {
    _current_waiting_monitor = monitor;

  // For tracking the Jvmti raw monitor the thread is pending on.
  JvmtiRawMonitor* current_pending_raw_monitor() {
    return _current_pending_raw_monitor;
  void set_current_pending_raw_monitor(JvmtiRawMonitor* monitor) {
    _current_pending_raw_monitor = monitor;

  // GC support
  // Apply "f->do_oop" to all root oops in "this".
  //   Used by JavaThread::oops_do.
  // Apply "cf->do_code_blob" (if !NULL) to all code blobs active in frames
  virtual void oops_do(OopClosure* f, CodeBlobClosure* cf);

  // Handles the parallel case for claim_threads_do.
  bool claim_par_threads_do(uintx claim_token);
  // Requires that "claim_token" is that of the current iteration.
  // If "is_par" is false, sets the token of "this" to
  // "claim_token", and returns "true".  If "is_par" is true,
  // uses an atomic instruction to set the current thread's token to
  // "claim_token", if it is not already.  Returns "true" iff the
  // calling thread does the update, this indicates that the calling thread
  // has claimed the thread in the current iteration.
  bool claim_threads_do(bool is_par, uintx claim_token) {
    if (!is_par) {
      _threads_do_token = claim_token;
      return true;
    } else {
      return claim_par_threads_do(claim_token);

  uintx threads_do_token() const { return _threads_do_token; }

  // jvmtiRedefineClasses support
  void metadata_handles_do(void f(Metadata*));

  // Check if address is within the given range of this thread's
  // stack:  stack_base() > adr >/>= limit
  // The check is inclusive of limit if passed true, else exclusive.
  bool is_in_stack_range(address adr, address limit, bool inclusive) const {
    assert(stack_base() > limit && limit >= stack_end(), "limit is outside of stack");
    return stack_base() > adr && (inclusive ? adr >= limit : adr > limit);

  // Used by fast lock support
  virtual bool is_lock_owned(address adr) const;

  // Check if address is within the given range of this thread's
  // stack:  stack_base() > adr >= limit
  bool is_in_stack_range_incl(address adr, address limit) const {
    return is_in_stack_range(adr, limit, true);

  // Check if address is within the given range of this thread's
  // stack:  stack_base() > adr > limit
  bool is_in_stack_range_excl(address adr, address limit) const {
    return is_in_stack_range(adr, limit, false);

  // Check if address is in the stack mapped to this thread. Used mainly in
  // error reporting (so has to include guard zone) and frame printing.
  // Expects _stack_base to be initialized - checked with assert.
  bool is_in_full_stack_checked(address adr) const {
    return is_in_stack_range_incl(adr, stack_end());

  // Like is_in_full_stack_checked but without the assertions as this
  // may be called in a thread before _stack_base is initialized.
  bool is_in_full_stack(address adr) const {
    address stack_end = _stack_base - _stack_size;
    return _stack_base > adr && adr >= stack_end;

  // Check if address is in the live stack of this thread (not just for locks).
  // Warning: can only be called by the current thread on itself.
  bool is_in_live_stack(address adr) const {
    assert(Thread::current() == this, "is_in_live_stack can only be called from current thread");
    return is_in_stack_range_incl(adr, os::current_stack_pointer());

  // Sets this thread as starting thread. Returns failure if thread
  // creation fails due to lack of memory, too many threads etc.
  bool set_as_starting_thread();

  // OS data associated with the thread
  OSThread* _osthread;  // Platform-specific thread information

  // Thread local resource area for temporary allocation within the VM
  ResourceArea* _resource_area;

  DEBUG_ONLY(ResourceMark* _current_resource_mark;)

  // Thread local handle area for allocation of handles within the VM
  HandleArea* _handle_area;
  GrowableArray<Metadata*>* _metadata_handles;

  // Support for stack overflow handling, get_thread, etc.
  address          _stack_base;
  size_t           _stack_size;
  int              _lgrp_id;

  volatile void** polling_page_addr() { return &_polling_page; }

  // Stack overflow support
  address stack_base() const           { assert(_stack_base != NULL,"Sanity check"); return _stack_base; }
  void    set_stack_base(address base) { _stack_base = base; }
  size_t  stack_size() const           { return _stack_size; }
  void    set_stack_size(size_t size)  { _stack_size = size; }
  address stack_end()  const           { return stack_base() - stack_size(); }
  void    record_stack_base_and_size();
  void    register_thread_stack_with_NMT() NOT_NMT_RETURN;

  int     lgrp_id() const        { return _lgrp_id; }
  void    set_lgrp_id(int value) { _lgrp_id = value; }

  // Printing
  void print_on(outputStream* st, bool print_extended_info) const;
  virtual void print_on(outputStream* st) const { print_on(st, false); }
  void print() const;
  virtual void print_on_error(outputStream* st, char* buf, int buflen) const;
  void print_value_on(outputStream* st) const;

  // Debug-only code
#ifdef ASSERT
  // Deadlock detection support for Mutex locks. List of locks own by thread.
  Mutex* _owned_locks;
  // Mutex::set_owner_implementation is the only place where _owned_locks is modified,
  // thus the friendship
  friend class Mutex;
  friend class Monitor;

  void print_owned_locks_on(outputStream* st) const;
  void print_owned_locks() const                 { print_owned_locks_on(tty);    }
  Mutex* owned_locks() const                     { return _owned_locks;          }
  bool owns_locks() const                        { return owned_locks() != NULL; }

  // Deadlock detection
  ResourceMark* current_resource_mark()          { return _current_resource_mark; }
  void set_current_resource_mark(ResourceMark* rm) { _current_resource_mark = rm; }
#endif // ASSERT

  // These functions check conditions on a JavaThread before possibly going to a safepoint,
  // including NoSafepointVerifier.
  void check_for_valid_safepoint_state() NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;
  void check_possible_safepoint() NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;

  volatile int _jvmti_env_iteration_count;

  void entering_jvmti_env_iteration()            { ++_jvmti_env_iteration_count; }
  void leaving_jvmti_env_iteration()             { --_jvmti_env_iteration_count; }
  bool is_inside_jvmti_env_iteration()           { return _jvmti_env_iteration_count > 0; }

  // Code generation
  static ByteSize exception_file_offset()        { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _exception_file); }
  static ByteSize exception_line_offset()        { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _exception_line); }
  static ByteSize active_handles_offset()        { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _active_handles); }

  static ByteSize stack_base_offset()            { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _stack_base); }
  static ByteSize stack_size_offset()            { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _stack_size); }

  static ByteSize polling_page_offset()          { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _polling_page); }

  static ByteSize tlab_start_offset()            { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _tlab) + ThreadLocalAllocBuffer::start_offset(); }
  static ByteSize tlab_end_offset()              { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _tlab) + ThreadLocalAllocBuffer::end_offset(); }
  static ByteSize tlab_top_offset()              { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _tlab) + ThreadLocalAllocBuffer::top_offset(); }
  static ByteSize tlab_pf_top_offset()           { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _tlab) + ThreadLocalAllocBuffer::pf_top_offset(); }

  static ByteSize allocated_bytes_offset()       { return byte_offset_of(Thread, _allocated_bytes); }


  volatile intptr_t _Stalled;
  volatile int _TypeTag;
  ParkEvent * _ParkEvent;                     // for Object monitors and JVMTI raw monitors
  ParkEvent * _MuxEvent;                      // for low-level muxAcquire-muxRelease
  int NativeSyncRecursion;                    // diagnostic

  volatile int _OnTrap;                       // Resume-at IP delta
  jint _hashStateW;                           // Marsaglia Shift-XOR thread-local RNG
  jint _hashStateX;                           // thread-specific hashCode generator state
  jint _hashStateY;
  jint _hashStateZ;

  // Low-level leaf-lock primitives used to implement synchronization
  // and native monitor-mutex infrastructure.
  // Not for general synchronization use.
  static void SpinAcquire(volatile int * Lock, const char * Name);
  static void SpinRelease(volatile int * Lock);
  static void muxAcquire(volatile intptr_t * Lock, const char * Name);
  static void muxRelease(volatile intptr_t * Lock);

// Inline implementation of Thread::current()
inline Thread* Thread::current() {
  Thread* current = current_or_null();
  assert(current != NULL, "Thread::current() called on detached thread");
  return current;

inline Thread* Thread::current_or_null() {
  return _thr_current;
  if (ThreadLocalStorage::is_initialized()) {
    return ThreadLocalStorage::thread();
  return NULL;

inline Thread* Thread::current_or_null_safe() {
  if (ThreadLocalStorage::is_initialized()) {
    return ThreadLocalStorage::thread();
  return NULL;

class NonJavaThread: public Thread {
  friend class VMStructs;

  NonJavaThread* volatile _next;

  class List;
  static List _the_list;

  void add_to_the_list();
  void remove_from_the_list();

  virtual void pre_run();
  virtual void post_run();


  class Iterator;

// Provides iteration over the list of NonJavaThreads.
// List addition occurs in pre_run(), and removal occurs in post_run(),
// so that only live fully-initialized threads can be found in the list.
// Threads created after an iterator is constructed will not be visited
// by the iterator. The scope of an iterator is a critical section; there
// must be no safepoint checks in that scope.
class NonJavaThread::Iterator : public StackObj {
  uint _protect_enter;
  NonJavaThread* _current;



  bool end() const { return _current == NULL; }
  NonJavaThread* current() const { return _current; }
  void step();

// Name support for threads.  non-JavaThread subclasses with multiple
// uniquely named instances should derive from this.
class NamedThread: public NonJavaThread {
  friend class VMStructs;
  enum {
    max_name_len = 64
  char* _name;
  // log JavaThread being processed by oops_do
  JavaThread* _processed_thread;
  uint _gc_id; // The current GC id when a thread takes part in GC

  // May only be called once per thread.
  void set_name(const char* format, ...)  ATTRIBUTE_PRINTF(2, 3);
  virtual bool is_Named_thread() const { return true; }
  virtual char* name() const { return _name == NULL ? (char*)"Unknown Thread" : _name; }
  JavaThread *processed_thread() { return _processed_thread; }
  void set_processed_thread(JavaThread *thread) { _processed_thread = thread; }
  virtual void print_on(outputStream* st) const;

  void set_gc_id(uint gc_id) { _gc_id = gc_id; }
  uint gc_id() { return _gc_id; }

// Worker threads are named and have an id of an assigned work.
class WorkerThread: public NamedThread {
  uint _id;
  WorkerThread() : _id(0)               { }
  virtual bool is_Worker_thread() const { return true; }

  virtual WorkerThread* as_Worker_thread() const {
    assert(is_Worker_thread(), "Dubious cast to WorkerThread*?");
    return (WorkerThread*) this;

  void set_id(uint work_id)             { _id = work_id; }
  uint id() const                       { return _id; }

// A single WatcherThread is used for simulating timer interrupts.
class WatcherThread: public NonJavaThread {
  friend class VMStructs;
  virtual void run();

  static WatcherThread* _watcher_thread;

  static bool _startable;
  // volatile due to at least one lock-free read
  volatile static bool _should_terminate;
  enum SomeConstants {
    delay_interval = 10                          // interrupt delay in milliseconds

  // Constructor

  // No destruction allowed
  ~WatcherThread() {
    guarantee(false, "WatcherThread deletion must fix the race with VM termination");

  // Tester
  bool is_Watcher_thread() const                 { return true; }

  // Printing
  char* name() const { return (char*)"VM Periodic Task Thread"; }
  void print_on(outputStream* st) const;
  void unpark();

  // Returns the single instance of WatcherThread
  static WatcherThread* watcher_thread()         { return _watcher_thread; }

  // Create and start the single instance of WatcherThread, or stop it on shutdown
  static void start();
  static void stop();
  // Only allow start once the VM is sufficiently initialized
  // Otherwise the first task to enroll will trigger the start
  static void make_startable();
  int sleep() const;

class CompilerThread;

typedef void (*ThreadFunction)(JavaThread*, TRAPS);

class JavaThread: public Thread {
  friend class VMStructs;
  friend class JVMCIVMStructs;
  friend class WhiteBox;
  friend class ThreadsSMRSupport; // to access _threadObj for exiting_threads_oops_do
  bool           _on_thread_list;                // Is set when this JavaThread is added to the Threads list
  oop            _threadObj;                     // The Java level thread object

#ifdef ASSERT
  int _java_call_counter;

  int  java_call_counter()                       { return _java_call_counter; }
  void inc_java_call_counter()                   { _java_call_counter++; }
  void dec_java_call_counter() {
    assert(_java_call_counter > 0, "Invalid nesting of JavaCallWrapper");
 private:  // restore original namespace restriction
#endif  // ifdef ASSERT

#ifndef PRODUCT
  enum {
    jump_ring_buffer_size = 16
 private:  // restore original namespace restriction

  JavaFrameAnchor _anchor;                       // Encapsulation of current java frame and it state

  ThreadFunction _entry_point;

  JNIEnv        _jni_environment;

  // Deopt support
  DeoptResourceMark*  _deopt_mark;               // Holds special ResourceMark for deoptimization

  CompiledMethod*       _deopt_nmethod;         // CompiledMethod that is currently being deoptimized
  vframeArray*  _vframe_array_head;              // Holds the heap of the active vframeArrays
  vframeArray*  _vframe_array_last;              // Holds last vFrameArray we popped
  // Because deoptimization is lazy we must save jvmti requests to set locals
  // in compiled frames until we deoptimize and we have an interpreter frame.
  // This holds the pointer to array (yeah like there might be more than one) of
  // description of compiled vframes that have locals that need to be updated.
  GrowableArray<jvmtiDeferredLocalVariableSet*>* _deferred_locals_updates;

  // Handshake value for fixing 6243940. We need a place for the i2c
  // adapter to store the callee Method*. This value is NEVER live
  // across a gc point so it does NOT have to be gc'd
  // The handshake is open ended since we can't be certain that it will
  // be NULLed. This is because we rarely ever see the race and end up
  // in handle_wrong_method which is the backend of the handshake. See
  // code in i2c adapters and handle_wrong_method.

  Method*       _callee_target;

  // Used to pass back results to the interpreter or generated code running Java code.
  oop           _vm_result;    // oop result is GC-preserved
  Metadata*     _vm_result_2;  // non-oop result

  // See ReduceInitialCardMarks: this holds the precise space interval of
  // the most recent slow path allocation for which compiled code has
  // elided card-marks for performance along the fast-path.
  MemRegion     _deferred_card_mark;

  MonitorChunk* _monitor_chunks;                 // Contains the off stack monitors
                                                 // allocated during deoptimization
                                                 // and by JNI_MonitorEnter/Exit

  // Async. requests support
  enum AsyncRequests {
    _no_async_condition = 0,
  AsyncRequests _special_runtime_exit_condition; // Enum indicating pending async. request
  oop           _pending_async_exception;

  // Safepoint support
 public:                                         // Expose _thread_state for SafeFetchInt()
  volatile JavaThreadState _thread_state;
  ThreadSafepointState* _safepoint_state;        // Holds information about a thread during a safepoint
  address               _saved_exception_pc;     // Saved pc of instruction where last implicit exception happened

  // JavaThread termination support
  enum TerminatedTypes {
    _not_terminated = 0xDEAD - 2,
    _thread_exiting,                             // JavaThread::exit() has been called for this thread
    _thread_terminated,                          // JavaThread is removed from thread list
    _vm_exited                                   // JavaThread is still executing native code, but VM is terminated
                                                 // only VM_Exit can set _vm_exited

  // In general a JavaThread's _terminated field transitions as follows:
  //   _not_terminated => _thread_exiting => _thread_terminated
  // _vm_exited is a special value to cover the case of a JavaThread
  // executing native code after the VM itself is terminated.
  volatile TerminatedTypes _terminated;
  // suspend/resume support
  volatile bool         _suspend_equivalent;     // Suspend equivalent condition
  jint                  _in_deopt_handler;       // count of deoptimization
                                                 // handlers thread is in
  volatile bool         _doing_unsafe_access;    // Thread may fault due to unsafe access
  bool                  _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized;  // Do not unlock the receiver of a synchronized method (since it was
                                                         // never locked) when throwing an exception. Used by interpreter only.

  // JNI attach states:
  enum JNIAttachStates {
    _not_attaching_via_jni = 1,  // thread is not attaching via JNI
    _attaching_via_jni,          // thread is attaching via JNI
    _attached_via_jni            // thread has attached via JNI

  // A regular JavaThread's _jni_attach_state is _not_attaching_via_jni.
  // A native thread that is attaching via JNI starts with a value
  // of _attaching_via_jni and transitions to _attached_via_jni.
  volatile JNIAttachStates _jni_attach_state;

  // State of the stack guard pages for this thread.
  enum StackGuardState {
    stack_guard_unused,         // not needed
    stack_guard_yellow_reserved_disabled,// disabled (temporarily) after stack overflow
    stack_guard_enabled         // enabled


  // The _pending_* fields below are used to communicate extra information
  // from an uncommon trap in JVMCI compiled code to the uncommon trap handler.

  // Communicates the DeoptReason and DeoptAction of the uncommon trap
  int       _pending_deoptimization;

  // Specifies whether the uncommon trap is to bci 0 of a synchronized method
  // before the monitor has been acquired.
  bool      _pending_monitorenter;

  // Specifies if the DeoptReason for the last uncommon trap was Reason_transfer_to_interpreter
  bool      _pending_transfer_to_interpreter;

  // True if in a runtime call from compiled code that will deoptimize
  // and re-execute a failed heap allocation in the interpreter.
  bool      _in_retryable_allocation;

  // An id of a speculation that JVMCI compiled code can use to further describe and
  // uniquely identify the  speculative optimization guarded by the uncommon trap
  jlong     _pending_failed_speculation;

  // These fields are mutually exclusive in terms of live ranges.
  union {
    // Communicates the pc at which the most recent implicit exception occurred
    // from the signal handler to a deoptimization stub.
    address   _implicit_exception_pc;

    // Communicates an alternative call target to an i2c stub from a JavaCall .
    address   _alternate_call_target;
  } _jvmci;

  // Support for high precision, thread sensitive counters in JVMCI compiled code.
  jlong*    _jvmci_counters;

  static jlong* _jvmci_old_thread_counters;
  static void collect_counters(jlong* array, int length);
  void resize_counters(int current_size, int new_size);
  static void resize_all_jvmci_counters(int new_size);


  StackGuardState  _stack_guard_state;

  // Precompute the limit of the stack as used in stack overflow checks.
  // We load it from here to simplify the stack overflow check in assembly.
  address          _stack_overflow_limit;
  address          _reserved_stack_activation;

  // Compiler exception handling (NOTE: The _exception_oop is *NOT* the same as _pending_exception. It is
  // used to temp. parsing values into and out of the runtime system during exception handling for compiled
  // code)
  volatile oop     _exception_oop;               // Exception thrown in compiled code
  volatile address _exception_pc;                // PC where exception happened
  volatile address _exception_handler_pc;        // PC for handler of exception
  volatile int     _is_method_handle_return;     // true (== 1) if the current exception PC is a MethodHandle call site.

  // support for JNI critical regions
  jint    _jni_active_critical;                  // count of entries into JNI critical region

  // Checked JNI: function name requires exception check
  char* _pending_jni_exception_check_fn;

  // For deadlock detection.
  int _depth_first_number;

  // JVMTI PopFrame support
  // This is set to popframe_pending to signal that top Java frame should be popped immediately
  int _popframe_condition;

  // If reallocation of scalar replaced objects fails, we throw OOM
  // and during exception propagation, pop the top
  // _frames_to_pop_failed_realloc frames, the ones that reference
  // failed reallocations.
  int _frames_to_pop_failed_realloc;

  friend class VMThread;
  friend class ThreadWaitTransition;
  friend class VM_Exit;

  void initialize();                             // Initialized the instance variables

  // Constructor
  JavaThread(bool is_attaching_via_jni = false); // for main thread and JNI attached threads
  JavaThread(ThreadFunction entry_point, size_t stack_size = 0);

#ifdef ASSERT
  // verify this JavaThread hasn't be published in the Threads::list yet
  void verify_not_published();
#endif // ASSERT

  //JNI functiontable getter/setter for JVMTI jni function table interception API.
  void set_jni_functions(struct JNINativeInterface_* functionTable) {
    _jni_environment.functions = functionTable;
  struct JNINativeInterface_* get_jni_functions() {
    return (struct JNINativeInterface_ *)_jni_environment.functions;

  // This function is called at thread creation to allow
  // platform specific thread variables to be initialized.
  void cache_global_variables();

  // Executes Shutdown.shutdown()
  void invoke_shutdown_hooks();

  // Cleanup on thread exit
  enum ExitType {
  void exit(bool destroy_vm, ExitType exit_type = normal_exit);

  void cleanup_failed_attach_current_thread(bool is_daemon);

  // Testers
  virtual bool is_Java_thread() const            { return true;  }
  virtual bool can_call_java() const             { return true; }

  virtual bool is_active_Java_thread() const {
    return on_thread_list() && !is_terminated();

  // Thread oop. threadObj() can be NULL for initial JavaThread
  // (or for threads attached via JNI)
  oop threadObj() const                          { return _threadObj; }
  void set_threadObj(oop p)                      { _threadObj = p; }

  // Prepare thread and add to priority queue.  If a priority is
  // not specified, use the priority of the thread object. Threads_lock
  // must be held while this function is called.
  void prepare(jobject jni_thread, ThreadPriority prio=NoPriority);

  void set_saved_exception_pc(address pc)        { _saved_exception_pc = pc; }
  address saved_exception_pc()                   { return _saved_exception_pc; }

  ThreadFunction entry_point() const             { return _entry_point; }

  // Allocates a new Java level thread object for this thread. thread_name may be NULL.
  void allocate_threadObj(Handle thread_group, const char* thread_name, bool daemon, TRAPS);

  // Last frame anchor routines

  JavaFrameAnchor* frame_anchor(void)            { return &_anchor; }

  // last_Java_sp
  bool has_last_Java_frame() const               { return _anchor.has_last_Java_frame(); }
  intptr_t* last_Java_sp() const                 { return _anchor.last_Java_sp(); }

  // last_Java_pc

  address last_Java_pc(void)                     { return _anchor.last_Java_pc(); }

  // Safepoint support
  inline JavaThreadState thread_state() const;
  inline void set_thread_state(JavaThreadState s);
  inline void set_thread_state_fence(JavaThreadState s);  // fence after setting thread state
  inline ThreadSafepointState* safepoint_state() const;
  inline void set_safepoint_state(ThreadSafepointState* state);
  inline bool is_at_poll_safepoint();

  // JavaThread termination and lifecycle support:
  void smr_delete();
  bool on_thread_list() const { return _on_thread_list; }
  void set_on_thread_list() { _on_thread_list = true; }

  // thread has called JavaThread::exit() or is terminated
  bool is_exiting() const;
  // thread is terminated (no longer on the threads list); we compare
  // against the two non-terminated values so that a freed JavaThread
  // will also be considered terminated.
  bool check_is_terminated(TerminatedTypes l_terminated) const {
    return l_terminated != _not_terminated && l_terminated != _thread_exiting;
  bool is_terminated() const;
  void set_terminated(TerminatedTypes t);
  // special for Threads::remove() which is static:
  void set_terminated_value();
  void block_if_vm_exited();

  bool doing_unsafe_access()                     { return _doing_unsafe_access; }
  void set_doing_unsafe_access(bool val)         { _doing_unsafe_access = val; }

  bool do_not_unlock_if_synchronized()             { return _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized; }
  void set_do_not_unlock_if_synchronized(bool val) { _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized = val; }

  inline void set_polling_page_release(void* poll_value);
  inline void set_polling_page(void* poll_value);
  inline volatile void* get_polling_page();

  // Support for thread handshake operations
  HandshakeState _handshake;
  void set_handshake_operation(HandshakeOperation* op) {

  bool has_handshake() const {
    return _handshake.has_operation();

  void handshake_process_by_self() {

  HandshakeState::ProcessResult handshake_try_process(HandshakeOperation* op) {
    return _handshake.try_process(op);

#ifdef ASSERT
  Thread* active_handshaker() const {
    return _handshake.active_handshaker();

  // Suspend/resume support for JavaThread
  inline void set_ext_suspended();
  inline void clear_ext_suspended();

  void java_suspend(); // higher-level suspension logic called by the public APIs
  void java_resume();  // higher-level resume logic called by the public APIs
  int  java_suspend_self(); // low-level self-suspension mechanics

  // mid-level wrapper around java_suspend_self to set up correct state and
  // check for a pending safepoint at the end
  void java_suspend_self_with_safepoint_check();

  void check_and_wait_while_suspended() {
    assert(JavaThread::current() == this, "sanity check");

    bool do_self_suspend;
    do {
      // were we externally suspended while we were waiting?
      do_self_suspend = handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition();
      if (do_self_suspend) {
        // don't surprise the thread that suspended us by returning
    } while (do_self_suspend);
  static void check_safepoint_and_suspend_for_native_trans(JavaThread *thread);
  // Check for async exception in addition to safepoint and suspend request.
  static void check_special_condition_for_native_trans(JavaThread *thread);

  // Same as check_special_condition_for_native_trans but finishes the
  // transition into thread_in_Java mode so that it can potentially
  // block.
  static void check_special_condition_for_native_trans_and_transition(JavaThread *thread);

  bool is_ext_suspend_completed(bool called_by_wait, int delay, uint32_t *bits);
  bool is_ext_suspend_completed_with_lock(uint32_t *bits) {
    MutexLocker ml(SR_lock(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    // Warning: is_ext_suspend_completed() may temporarily drop the
    // SR_lock to allow the thread to reach a stable thread state if
    // it is currently in a transient thread state.
    return is_ext_suspend_completed(false /* !called_by_wait */,
                                    SuspendRetryDelay, bits);

  // We cannot allow wait_for_ext_suspend_completion() to run forever or
  // we could hang. SuspendRetryCount and SuspendRetryDelay are normally
  // passed as the count and delay parameters. Experiments with specific
  // calls to wait_for_ext_suspend_completion() can be done by passing
  // other values in the code. Experiments with all calls can be done
  // via the appropriate -XX options.
  bool wait_for_ext_suspend_completion(int count, int delay, uint32_t *bits);

  // test for suspend - most (all?) of these should go away
  bool is_thread_fully_suspended(bool wait_for_suspend, uint32_t *bits);

  inline void set_external_suspend();
  inline void clear_external_suspend();

  bool is_external_suspend() const {
    return (_suspend_flags & _external_suspend) != 0;
  // Whenever a thread transitions from native to vm/java it must suspend
  // if external|deopt suspend is present.
  bool is_suspend_after_native() const {
    return (_suspend_flags & (_external_suspend JFR_ONLY(| _trace_flag))) != 0;

  // external suspend request is completed
  bool is_ext_suspended() const {
    return (_suspend_flags & _ext_suspended) != 0;

  bool is_external_suspend_with_lock() const {
    MutexLocker ml(SR_lock(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    return is_external_suspend();

  // Special method to handle a pending external suspend request
  // when a suspend equivalent condition lifts.
  bool handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition() {
           "should only be called in a suspend equivalence condition");
    MutexLocker ml(SR_lock(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    bool ret = is_external_suspend();
    if (!ret) {
      // not about to self-suspend so clear suspend equivalence
    // implied else:
    // We have a pending external suspend request so we leave the
    // suspend_equivalent flag set until java_suspend_self() sets
    // the ext_suspended flag and clears the suspend_equivalent
    // flag. This insures that wait_for_ext_suspend_completion()
    // will return consistent values.
    return ret;

  // utility methods to see if we are doing some kind of suspension
  bool is_being_ext_suspended() const            {
    MutexLocker ml(SR_lock(), Mutex::_no_safepoint_check_flag);
    return is_ext_suspended() || is_external_suspend();

  bool is_suspend_equivalent() const             { return _suspend_equivalent; }

  void set_suspend_equivalent()                  { _suspend_equivalent = true; }
  void clear_suspend_equivalent()                { _suspend_equivalent = false; }

  // Thread.stop support
  void send_thread_stop(oop throwable);
  AsyncRequests clear_special_runtime_exit_condition() {
    AsyncRequests x = _special_runtime_exit_condition;
    _special_runtime_exit_condition = _no_async_condition;
    return x;

  // Are any async conditions present?
  bool has_async_condition() { return (_special_runtime_exit_condition != _no_async_condition); }

  void check_and_handle_async_exceptions(bool check_unsafe_error = true);

  // these next two are also used for self-suspension and async exception support
  void handle_special_runtime_exit_condition(bool check_asyncs = true);

  // Return true if JavaThread has an asynchronous condition or
  // if external suspension is requested.
  bool has_special_runtime_exit_condition() {
    // Because we don't use is_external_suspend_with_lock
    // it is possible that we won't see an asynchronous external suspend
    // request that has just gotten started, i.e., SR_lock grabbed but
    // _external_suspend field change either not made yet or not visible
    // yet. However, this is okay because the request is asynchronous and
    // we will see the new flag value the next time through. It's also
    // possible that the external suspend request is dropped after
    // we have checked is_external_suspend(), we will recheck its value
    // under SR_lock in java_suspend_self().
    return (_special_runtime_exit_condition != _no_async_condition) ||
            is_external_suspend() || is_trace_suspend();

  void set_pending_unsafe_access_error()          { _special_runtime_exit_condition = _async_unsafe_access_error; }

  inline void set_pending_async_exception(oop e);

  // Fast-locking support
  bool is_lock_owned(address adr) const;

  // Accessors for vframe array top
  // The linked list of vframe arrays are sorted on sp. This means when we
  // unpack the head must contain the vframe array to unpack.
  void set_vframe_array_head(vframeArray* value) { _vframe_array_head = value; }
  vframeArray* vframe_array_head() const         { return _vframe_array_head;  }

  // Side structure for deferring update of java frame locals until deopt occurs
  GrowableArray<jvmtiDeferredLocalVariableSet*>* deferred_locals() const { return _deferred_locals_updates; }
  void set_deferred_locals(GrowableArray<jvmtiDeferredLocalVariableSet *>* vf) { _deferred_locals_updates = vf; }

  // These only really exist to make debugging deopt problems simpler

  void set_vframe_array_last(vframeArray* value) { _vframe_array_last = value; }
  vframeArray* vframe_array_last() const         { return _vframe_array_last;  }

  // The special resourceMark used during deoptimization

  void set_deopt_mark(DeoptResourceMark* value)  { _deopt_mark = value; }
  DeoptResourceMark* deopt_mark(void)            { return _deopt_mark; }

  void set_deopt_compiled_method(CompiledMethod* nm)  { _deopt_nmethod = nm; }
  CompiledMethod* deopt_compiled_method()        { return _deopt_nmethod; }

  Method*    callee_target() const               { return _callee_target; }
  void set_callee_target  (Method* x)          { _callee_target   = x; }

  // Oop results of vm runtime calls
  oop  vm_result() const                         { return _vm_result; }
  void set_vm_result  (oop x)                    { _vm_result   = x; }

  Metadata*    vm_result_2() const               { return _vm_result_2; }
  void set_vm_result_2  (Metadata* x)          { _vm_result_2   = x; }

  MemRegion deferred_card_mark() const           { return _deferred_card_mark; }
  void set_deferred_card_mark(MemRegion mr)      { _deferred_card_mark = mr;   }

  int  pending_deoptimization() const             { return _pending_deoptimization; }
  jlong pending_failed_speculation() const        { return _pending_failed_speculation; }
  bool has_pending_monitorenter() const           { return _pending_monitorenter; }
  void set_pending_monitorenter(bool b)           { _pending_monitorenter = b; }
  void set_pending_deoptimization(int reason)     { _pending_deoptimization = reason; }
  void set_pending_failed_speculation(jlong failed_speculation) { _pending_failed_speculation = failed_speculation; }
  void set_pending_transfer_to_interpreter(bool b) { _pending_transfer_to_interpreter = b; }
  void set_jvmci_alternate_call_target(address a) { assert(_jvmci._alternate_call_target == NULL, "must be"); _jvmci._alternate_call_target = a; }
  void set_jvmci_implicit_exception_pc(address a) { assert(_jvmci._implicit_exception_pc == NULL, "must be"); _jvmci._implicit_exception_pc = a; }

  virtual bool in_retryable_allocation() const    { return _in_retryable_allocation; }
  void set_in_retryable_allocation(bool b)        { _in_retryable_allocation = b; }

  // Exception handling for compiled methods
  oop      exception_oop() const;
  address  exception_pc() const                  { return _exception_pc; }
  address  exception_handler_pc() const          { return _exception_handler_pc; }
  bool     is_method_handle_return() const       { return _is_method_handle_return == 1; }

  void set_exception_oop(oop o);
  void set_exception_pc(address a)               { _exception_pc = a; }
  void set_exception_handler_pc(address a)       { _exception_handler_pc = a; }
  void set_is_method_handle_return(bool value)   { _is_method_handle_return = value ? 1 : 0; }

  void clear_exception_oop_and_pc() {

  // Stack overflow support
  //  (small addresses)
  //  --  <-- stack_end()                   ---
  //  |                                      |
  //  |  red pages                           |
  //  |                                      |
  //  --  <-- stack_red_zone_base()          |
  //  |                                      |
  //  |                                     guard
  //  |  yellow pages                       zone
  //  |                                      |
  //  |                                      |
  //  --  <-- stack_yellow_zone_base()       |
  //  |                                      |
  //  |                                      |
  //  |  reserved pages                      |
  //  |                                      |
  //  --  <-- stack_reserved_zone_base()    ---      ---
  //                                                 /|\  shadow     <--  stack_overflow_limit() (somewhere in here)
  //                                                  |   zone
  //                                                 \|/  size
  //  some untouched memory                          ---
  //  --
  //  |
  //  |  shadow zone
  //  |
  //  --
  //  x    frame n
  //  --
  //  x    frame n-1
  //  x
  //  --
  //  ...
  //  --
  //  x    frame 0
  //  --  <-- stack_base()
  //  (large addresses)

  // These values are derived from flags StackRedPages, StackYellowPages,
  // StackReservedPages and StackShadowPages. The zone size is determined
  // ergonomically if page_size > 4K.
  static size_t _stack_red_zone_size;
  static size_t _stack_yellow_zone_size;
  static size_t _stack_reserved_zone_size;
  static size_t _stack_shadow_zone_size;
  inline size_t stack_available(address cur_sp);

  static size_t stack_red_zone_size() {
    assert(_stack_red_zone_size > 0, "Don't call this before the field is initialized.");
    return _stack_red_zone_size;
  static void set_stack_red_zone_size(size_t s) {
    assert(is_aligned(s, os::vm_page_size()),
           "We can not protect if the red zone size is not page aligned.");
    assert(_stack_red_zone_size == 0, "This should be called only once.");
    _stack_red_zone_size = s;
  address stack_red_zone_base() {
    return (address)(stack_end() + stack_red_zone_size());
  bool in_stack_red_zone(address a) {
    return a <= stack_red_zone_base() && a >= stack_end();

  static size_t stack_yellow_zone_size() {
    assert(_stack_yellow_zone_size > 0, "Don't call this before the field is initialized.");
    return _stack_yellow_zone_size;
  static void set_stack_yellow_zone_size(size_t s) {
    assert(is_aligned(s, os::vm_page_size()),
           "We can not protect if the yellow zone size is not page aligned.");
    assert(_stack_yellow_zone_size == 0, "This should be called only once.");
    _stack_yellow_zone_size = s;

  static size_t stack_reserved_zone_size() {
    // _stack_reserved_zone_size may be 0. This indicates the feature is off.
    return _stack_reserved_zone_size;
  static void set_stack_reserved_zone_size(size_t s) {
    assert(is_aligned(s, os::vm_page_size()),
           "We can not protect if the reserved zone size is not page aligned.");
    assert(_stack_reserved_zone_size == 0, "This should be called only once.");
    _stack_reserved_zone_size = s;
  address stack_reserved_zone_base() const {
    return (address)(stack_end() +
                     (stack_red_zone_size() + stack_yellow_zone_size() + stack_reserved_zone_size()));
  bool in_stack_reserved_zone(address a) {
    return (a <= stack_reserved_zone_base()) &&
           (a >= (address)((intptr_t)stack_reserved_zone_base() - stack_reserved_zone_size()));

  static size_t stack_yellow_reserved_zone_size() {
    return _stack_yellow_zone_size + _stack_reserved_zone_size;
  bool in_stack_yellow_reserved_zone(address a) {
    return (a <= stack_reserved_zone_base()) && (a >= stack_red_zone_base());

  // Size of red + yellow + reserved zones.
  static size_t stack_guard_zone_size() {
    return stack_red_zone_size() + stack_yellow_reserved_zone_size();

  static size_t stack_shadow_zone_size() {
    assert(_stack_shadow_zone_size > 0, "Don't call this before the field is initialized.");
    return _stack_shadow_zone_size;
  static void set_stack_shadow_zone_size(size_t s) {
    // The shadow area is not allocated or protected, so
    // it needs not be page aligned.
    // But the stack bang currently assumes that it is a
    // multiple of page size. This guarantees that the bang
    // loop touches all pages in the shadow zone.
    // This can be guaranteed differently, as well.  E.g., if
    // the page size is a multiple of 4K, banging in 4K steps
    // suffices to touch all pages. (Some pages are banged
    // several times, though.)
    assert(is_aligned(s, os::vm_page_size()),
           "Stack bang assumes multiple of page size.");
    assert(_stack_shadow_zone_size == 0, "This should be called only once.");
    _stack_shadow_zone_size = s;

  void create_stack_guard_pages();
  void remove_stack_guard_pages();

  void enable_stack_reserved_zone();
  void disable_stack_reserved_zone();
  void enable_stack_yellow_reserved_zone();
  void disable_stack_yellow_reserved_zone();
  void enable_stack_red_zone();
  void disable_stack_red_zone();

  inline bool stack_guard_zone_unused();
  inline bool stack_yellow_reserved_zone_disabled();
  inline bool stack_reserved_zone_disabled();
  inline bool stack_guards_enabled();

  address reserved_stack_activation() const { return _reserved_stack_activation; }
  void set_reserved_stack_activation(address addr) {
    assert(_reserved_stack_activation == stack_base()
            || _reserved_stack_activation == NULL
            || addr == stack_base(), "Must not be set twice");
    _reserved_stack_activation = addr;

  // Attempt to reguard the stack after a stack overflow may have occurred.
  // Returns true if (a) guard pages are not needed on this thread, (b) the
  // pages are already guarded, or (c) the pages were successfully reguarded.
  // Returns false if there is not enough stack space to reguard the pages, in
  // which case the caller should unwind a frame and try again.  The argument
  // should be the caller's (approximate) sp.
  bool reguard_stack(address cur_sp);
  // Similar to above but see if current stackpoint is out of the guard area
  // and reguard if possible.
  bool reguard_stack(void);

  address stack_overflow_limit() { return _stack_overflow_limit; }
  void set_stack_overflow_limit() {
    _stack_overflow_limit =
      stack_end() + MAX2(JavaThread::stack_guard_zone_size(), JavaThread::stack_shadow_zone_size());

  // Check if address is in the usable part of the stack (excludes protected
  // guard pages). Can be applied to any thread and is an approximation for
  // using is_in_live_stack when the query has to happen from another thread.
  bool is_in_usable_stack(address adr) const {
    return is_in_stack_range_incl(adr, stack_reserved_zone_base());

  // Misc. accessors/mutators
  void set_do_not_unlock(void)                   { _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized = true; }
  void clr_do_not_unlock(void)                   { _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized = false; }
  bool do_not_unlock(void)                       { return _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized; }

  // For assembly stub generation
  static ByteSize threadObj_offset()             { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _threadObj); }
  static ByteSize jni_environment_offset()       { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _jni_environment); }
  static ByteSize pending_jni_exception_check_fn_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _pending_jni_exception_check_fn);
  static ByteSize last_Java_sp_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _anchor) + JavaFrameAnchor::last_Java_sp_offset();
  static ByteSize last_Java_pc_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _anchor) + JavaFrameAnchor::last_Java_pc_offset();
  static ByteSize frame_anchor_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _anchor);
  static ByteSize callee_target_offset()         { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _callee_target); }
  static ByteSize vm_result_offset()             { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _vm_result); }
  static ByteSize vm_result_2_offset()           { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _vm_result_2); }
  static ByteSize thread_state_offset()          { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _thread_state); }
  static ByteSize saved_exception_pc_offset()    { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _saved_exception_pc); }
  static ByteSize osthread_offset()              { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _osthread); }
  static ByteSize pending_deoptimization_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _pending_deoptimization); }
  static ByteSize pending_monitorenter_offset()  { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _pending_monitorenter); }
  static ByteSize pending_failed_speculation_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _pending_failed_speculation); }
  static ByteSize jvmci_alternate_call_target_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _jvmci._alternate_call_target); }
  static ByteSize jvmci_implicit_exception_pc_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _jvmci._implicit_exception_pc); }
  static ByteSize jvmci_counters_offset()        { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _jvmci_counters); }
  static ByteSize exception_oop_offset()         { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _exception_oop); }
  static ByteSize exception_pc_offset()          { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _exception_pc); }
  static ByteSize exception_handler_pc_offset()  { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _exception_handler_pc); }
  static ByteSize stack_overflow_limit_offset()  { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _stack_overflow_limit); }
  static ByteSize is_method_handle_return_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _is_method_handle_return); }
  static ByteSize stack_guard_state_offset()     { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _stack_guard_state); }
  static ByteSize reserved_stack_activation_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _reserved_stack_activation); }
  static ByteSize suspend_flags_offset()         { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _suspend_flags); }

  static ByteSize do_not_unlock_if_synchronized_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _do_not_unlock_if_synchronized); }
  static ByteSize should_post_on_exceptions_flag_offset() {
    return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _should_post_on_exceptions_flag);
  static ByteSize doing_unsafe_access_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _doing_unsafe_access); }

  // Returns the jni environment for this thread
  JNIEnv* jni_environment()                      { return &_jni_environment; }

  static JavaThread* thread_from_jni_environment(JNIEnv* env) {
    JavaThread *thread_from_jni_env = (JavaThread*)((intptr_t)env - in_bytes(jni_environment_offset()));
    // Only return NULL if thread is off the thread list; starting to
    // exit should not return NULL.
    if (thread_from_jni_env->is_terminated()) {
      return NULL;
    } else {
      return thread_from_jni_env;

  // JNI critical regions. These can nest.
  bool in_critical()    { return _jni_active_critical > 0; }
  bool in_last_critical()  { return _jni_active_critical == 1; }
  inline void enter_critical();
  void exit_critical() {
    assert(Thread::current() == this, "this must be current thread");
    assert(_jni_active_critical >= 0, "JNI critical nesting problem?");

  // Checked JNI: is the programmer required to check for exceptions, if so specify
  // which function name. Returning to a Java frame should implicitly clear the
  // pending check, this is done for Native->Java transitions (i.e. user JNI code).
  // VM->Java transistions are not cleared, it is expected that JNI code enclosed
  // within ThreadToNativeFromVM makes proper exception checks (i.e. VM internal).
  bool is_pending_jni_exception_check() const { return _pending_jni_exception_check_fn != NULL; }
  void clear_pending_jni_exception_check() { _pending_jni_exception_check_fn = NULL; }
  const char* get_pending_jni_exception_check() const { return _pending_jni_exception_check_fn; }
  void set_pending_jni_exception_check(const char* fn_name) { _pending_jni_exception_check_fn = (char*) fn_name; }

  // For deadlock detection
  int depth_first_number() { return _depth_first_number; }
  void set_depth_first_number(int dfn) { _depth_first_number = dfn; }

  void set_monitor_chunks(MonitorChunk* monitor_chunks) { _monitor_chunks = monitor_chunks; }

  MonitorChunk* monitor_chunks() const           { return _monitor_chunks; }
  void add_monitor_chunk(MonitorChunk* chunk);
  void remove_monitor_chunk(MonitorChunk* chunk);
  bool in_deopt_handler() const                  { return _in_deopt_handler > 0; }
  void inc_in_deopt_handler()                    { _in_deopt_handler++; }
  void dec_in_deopt_handler() {
    assert(_in_deopt_handler > 0, "mismatched deopt nesting");
    if (_in_deopt_handler > 0) { // robustness

  void set_entry_point(ThreadFunction entry_point) { _entry_point = entry_point; }


  // Frame iteration; calls the function f for all frames on the stack
  void frames_do(void f(frame*, const RegisterMap*));

  // Memory operations
  void oops_do(OopClosure* f, CodeBlobClosure* cf);

  // Sweeper operations
  virtual void nmethods_do(CodeBlobClosure* cf);

  // RedefineClasses Support
  void metadata_do(MetadataClosure* f);

  // Debug method asserting thread states are correct during a handshake operation.
  DEBUG_ONLY(void verify_states_for_handshake();)

  // Misc. operations
  char* name() const { return (char*)get_thread_name(); }
  void print_on(outputStream* st, bool print_extended_info) const;
  void print_on(outputStream* st) const { print_on(st, false); }
  void print() const;
  void print_thread_state_on(outputStream*) const      PRODUCT_RETURN;
  void print_on_error(outputStream* st, char* buf, int buflen) const;
  void print_name_on_error(outputStream* st, char* buf, int buflen) const;
  void verify();
  const char* get_thread_name() const;
  // factor out low-level mechanics for use in both normal and error cases
  virtual const char* get_thread_name_string(char* buf = NULL, int buflen = 0) const;
  // Accessing frames
  frame last_frame() {
    return pd_last_frame();
  javaVFrame* last_java_vframe(RegisterMap* reg_map);

  // Returns method at 'depth' java or native frames down the stack
  // Used for security checks
  Klass* security_get_caller_class(int depth);

  // Print stack trace in external format
  void print_stack_on(outputStream* st);
  void print_stack() { print_stack_on(tty); }

  // Print stack traces in various internal formats
  void trace_stack()                             PRODUCT_RETURN;
  void trace_stack_from(vframe* start_vf)        PRODUCT_RETURN;
  void trace_frames()                            PRODUCT_RETURN;

  // Print an annotated view of the stack frames
  void print_frame_layout(int depth = 0, bool validate_only = false) NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;
  void validate_frame_layout() {
    print_frame_layout(0, true);

  // Function for testing deoptimization
  void deoptimize();
  void make_zombies();

  void deoptimize_marked_methods();

  // Returns the running thread as a JavaThread
  static inline JavaThread* current();

  // Returns the active Java thread.  Do not use this if you know you are calling
  // from a JavaThread, as it's slower than JavaThread::current.  If called from
  // the VMThread, it also returns the JavaThread that instigated the VMThread's
  // operation.  You may not want that either.
  static JavaThread* active();

  inline CompilerThread* as_CompilerThread();

  virtual void pre_run();
  virtual void run();
  void thread_main_inner();
  virtual void post_run();

  GrowableArray<oop>* _array_for_gc;

  void register_array_for_gc(GrowableArray<oop>* array) { _array_for_gc = array; }

  // Thread local information maintained by JVMTI.
  void set_jvmti_thread_state(JvmtiThreadState *value)                           { _jvmti_thread_state = value; }
  // A JvmtiThreadState is lazily allocated. This jvmti_thread_state()
  // getter is used to get this JavaThread's JvmtiThreadState if it has
  // one which means NULL can be returned. JvmtiThreadState::state_for()
  // is used to get the specified JavaThread's JvmtiThreadState if it has
  // one or it allocates a new JvmtiThreadState for the JavaThread and
  // returns it. JvmtiThreadState::state_for() will return NULL only if
  // the specified JavaThread is exiting.
  JvmtiThreadState *jvmti_thread_state() const                                   { return _jvmti_thread_state; }
  static ByteSize jvmti_thread_state_offset()                                    { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _jvmti_thread_state); }

  // JVMTI PopFrame support
  // Setting and clearing popframe_condition
  // All of these enumerated values are bits. popframe_pending
  // indicates that a PopFrame() has been requested and not yet been
  // completed. popframe_processing indicates that that PopFrame() is in
  // the process of being completed. popframe_force_deopt_reexecution_bit
  // indicates that special handling is required when returning to a
  // deoptimized caller.
  enum PopCondition {
    popframe_inactive                      = 0x00,
    popframe_pending_bit                   = 0x01,
    popframe_processing_bit                = 0x02,
    popframe_force_deopt_reexecution_bit   = 0x04
  PopCondition popframe_condition()                   { return (PopCondition) _popframe_condition; }
  void set_popframe_condition(PopCondition c)         { _popframe_condition = c; }
  void set_popframe_condition_bit(PopCondition c)     { _popframe_condition |= c; }
  void clear_popframe_condition()                     { _popframe_condition = popframe_inactive; }
  static ByteSize popframe_condition_offset()         { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _popframe_condition); }
  bool has_pending_popframe()                         { return (popframe_condition() & popframe_pending_bit) != 0; }
  bool popframe_forcing_deopt_reexecution()           { return (popframe_condition() & popframe_force_deopt_reexecution_bit) != 0; }
  void clear_popframe_forcing_deopt_reexecution()     { _popframe_condition &= ~popframe_force_deopt_reexecution_bit; }
#ifdef CC_INTERP
  bool pop_frame_pending(void)                        { return ((_popframe_condition & popframe_pending_bit) != 0); }
  void clr_pop_frame_pending(void)                    { _popframe_condition = popframe_inactive; }
  bool pop_frame_in_process(void)                     { return ((_popframe_condition & popframe_processing_bit) != 0); }
  void set_pop_frame_in_process(void)                 { _popframe_condition |= popframe_processing_bit; }
  void clr_pop_frame_in_process(void)                 { _popframe_condition &= ~popframe_processing_bit; }

  int frames_to_pop_failed_realloc() const            { return _frames_to_pop_failed_realloc; }
  void set_frames_to_pop_failed_realloc(int nb)       { _frames_to_pop_failed_realloc = nb; }
  void dec_frames_to_pop_failed_realloc()             { _frames_to_pop_failed_realloc--; }

  // Saved incoming arguments to popped frame.
  // Used only when popped interpreted frame returns to deoptimized frame.
  void*    _popframe_preserved_args;
  int      _popframe_preserved_args_size;

  void  popframe_preserve_args(ByteSize size_in_bytes, void* start);
  void* popframe_preserved_args();
  ByteSize popframe_preserved_args_size();
  WordSize popframe_preserved_args_size_in_words();
  void  popframe_free_preserved_args();

  JvmtiThreadState *_jvmti_thread_state;

  // Used by the interpreter in fullspeed mode for frame pop, method
  // entry, method exit and single stepping support. This field is
  // only set to non-zero at a safepoint or using a direct handshake
  // (see EnterInterpOnlyModeClosure).
  // It can be set to zero asynchronously to this threads execution (i.e., without
  // safepoint/handshake or a lock) so we have to be very careful.
  // Accesses by other threads are synchronized using JvmtiThreadState_lock though.
  int               _interp_only_mode;

  // used by the interpreter for fullspeed debugging support (see above)
  static ByteSize interp_only_mode_offset() { return byte_offset_of(JavaThread, _interp_only_mode); }
  bool is_interp_only_mode()                { return (_interp_only_mode != 0); }
  int get_interp_only_mode()                { return _interp_only_mode; }
  void increment_interp_only_mode()         { ++_interp_only_mode; }
  void decrement_interp_only_mode()         { --_interp_only_mode; }

  // support for cached flag that indicates whether exceptions need to be posted for this thread
  // if this is false, we can avoid deoptimizing when events are thrown
  // this gets set to reflect whether jvmtiExport::post_exception_throw would actually do anything
  int    _should_post_on_exceptions_flag;

  int   should_post_on_exceptions_flag()  { return _should_post_on_exceptions_flag; }
  void  set_should_post_on_exceptions_flag(int val)  { _should_post_on_exceptions_flag = val; }

  ThreadStatistics *_thread_stat;

  ThreadStatistics* get_thread_stat() const    { return _thread_stat; }

  // Return a blocker object for which this thread is blocked parking.
  oop current_park_blocker();

  static size_t _stack_size_at_create;

  static inline size_t stack_size_at_create(void) {
    return _stack_size_at_create;
  static inline void set_stack_size_at_create(size_t value) {
    _stack_size_at_create = value;

  // Machine dependent stuff
#include OS_CPU_HEADER(thread)

  // JSR166 per-thread parker
  Parker*    _parker;
  Parker*     parker() { return _parker; }

  // Biased locking support
  GrowableArray<MonitorInfo*>* _cached_monitor_info;
  GrowableArray<MonitorInfo*>* cached_monitor_info() { return _cached_monitor_info; }
  void set_cached_monitor_info(GrowableArray<MonitorInfo*>* info) { _cached_monitor_info = info; }

  // clearing/querying jni attach status
  bool is_attaching_via_jni() const { return _jni_attach_state == _attaching_via_jni; }
  bool has_attached_via_jni() const { return is_attaching_via_jni() || _jni_attach_state == _attached_via_jni; }
  inline void set_done_attaching_via_jni();

  // Stack dump assistance:
  // Track the class we want to initialize but for which we have to wait
  // on its init_lock() because it is already being initialized.
  void set_class_to_be_initialized(InstanceKlass* k);
  InstanceKlass* class_to_be_initialized() const;

  InstanceKlass* _class_to_be_initialized;

  // java.lang.Thread.sleep support
  ParkEvent * _SleepEvent;
  bool sleep(jlong millis);

  // java.lang.Thread interruption support
  void interrupt();
  bool is_interrupted(bool clear_interrupted);


// Inline implementation of JavaThread::current
inline JavaThread* JavaThread::current() {
  Thread* thread = Thread::current();
  assert(thread->is_Java_thread(), "just checking");
  return (JavaThread*)thread;

inline CompilerThread* JavaThread::as_CompilerThread() {
  assert(is_Compiler_thread(), "just checking");
  return (CompilerThread*)this;

// Dedicated thread to sweep the code cache
class CodeCacheSweeperThread : public JavaThread {
  CompiledMethod*       _scanned_compiled_method; // nmethod being scanned by the sweeper
  // Track the nmethod currently being scanned by the sweeper
  void set_scanned_compiled_method(CompiledMethod* cm) {
    assert(_scanned_compiled_method == NULL || cm == NULL, "should reset to NULL before writing a new value");
    _scanned_compiled_method = cm;

  // Hide sweeper thread from external view.
  bool is_hidden_from_external_view() const { return true; }

  bool is_Code_cache_sweeper_thread() const { return true; }

  // Prevent GC from unloading _scanned_compiled_method
  void oops_do(OopClosure* f, CodeBlobClosure* cf);
  void nmethods_do(CodeBlobClosure* cf);

// A thread used for Compilation.
class CompilerThread : public JavaThread {
  friend class VMStructs;
  CompilerCounters* _counters;

  ciEnv*                _env;
  CompileLog*           _log;
  CompileTask* volatile _task;  // print_threads_compiling can read this concurrently.
  CompileQueue*         _queue;
  BufferBlob*           _buffer_blob;

  AbstractCompiler*     _compiler;
  TimeStamp             _idle_time;


  static CompilerThread* current();

  CompilerThread(CompileQueue* queue, CompilerCounters* counters);

  bool is_Compiler_thread() const                { return true; }

  virtual bool can_call_java() const;

  // Hide native compiler threads from external view.
  bool is_hidden_from_external_view() const      { return !can_call_java(); }

  void set_compiler(AbstractCompiler* c)         { _compiler = c; }
  AbstractCompiler* compiler() const             { return _compiler; }

  CompileQueue* queue()        const             { return _queue; }
  CompilerCounters* counters() const             { return _counters; }

  // Get/set the thread's compilation environment.
  ciEnv*        env()                            { return _env; }
  void          set_env(ciEnv* env)              { _env = env; }

  BufferBlob*   get_buffer_blob() const          { return _buffer_blob; }
  void          set_buffer_blob(BufferBlob* b)   { _buffer_blob = b; }

  // Get/set the thread's logging information
  CompileLog*   log()                            { return _log; }
  void          init_log(CompileLog* log) {
    // Set once, for good.
    assert(_log == NULL, "set only once");
    _log = log;

  void start_idle_timer()                        { _idle_time.update(); }
  jlong idle_time_millis() {
    return TimeHelper::counter_to_millis(_idle_time.ticks_since_update());

#ifndef PRODUCT
  IdealGraphPrinter *_ideal_graph_printer;
  IdealGraphPrinter *ideal_graph_printer()           { return _ideal_graph_printer; }
  void set_ideal_graph_printer(IdealGraphPrinter *n) { _ideal_graph_printer = n; }

  // Get/set the thread's current task
  CompileTask* task()                      { return _task; }
  void         set_task(CompileTask* task) { _task = task; }

inline CompilerThread* CompilerThread::current() {
  return JavaThread::current()->as_CompilerThread();

// The active thread queue. It also keeps track of the current used
// thread priorities.
class Threads: AllStatic {
  friend class VMStructs;
  static int         _number_of_threads;
  static int         _number_of_non_daemon_threads;
  static int         _return_code;
  static uintx       _thread_claim_token;
#ifdef ASSERT
  static bool        _vm_complete;

  static void initialize_java_lang_classes(JavaThread* main_thread, TRAPS);
  static void initialize_jsr292_core_classes(TRAPS);

  // Thread management
  // force_daemon is a concession to JNI, where we may need to add a
  // thread to the thread list before allocating its thread object
  static void add(JavaThread* p, bool force_daemon = false);
  static void remove(JavaThread* p, bool is_daemon);
  static void non_java_threads_do(ThreadClosure* tc);
  static void java_threads_do(ThreadClosure* tc);
  static void java_threads_and_vm_thread_do(ThreadClosure* tc);
  static void threads_do(ThreadClosure* tc);
  static void possibly_parallel_threads_do(bool is_par, ThreadClosure* tc);

  // Initializes the vm and creates the vm thread
  static jint create_vm(JavaVMInitArgs* args, bool* canTryAgain);
  static void convert_vm_init_libraries_to_agents();
  static void create_vm_init_libraries();
  static void create_vm_init_agents();
  static void shutdown_vm_agents();
  static bool destroy_vm();
  // Supported VM versions via JNI
  // Includes JNI_VERSION_1_1
  static jboolean is_supported_jni_version_including_1_1(jint version);
  // Does not include JNI_VERSION_1_1
  static jboolean is_supported_jni_version(jint version);

  // The "thread claim token" provides a way for threads to be claimed
  // by parallel worker tasks.
  // Each thread contains a "token" field. A task will claim the
  // thread only if its token is different from the global token,
  // which is updated by calling change_thread_claim_token().  When
  // a thread is claimed, it's token is set to the global token value
  // so other threads in the same iteration pass won't claim it.
  // For this to work change_thread_claim_token() needs to be called
  // exactly once in sequential code before starting parallel tasks
  // that should claim threads.
  // New threads get their token set to 0 and change_thread_claim_token()
  // never sets the global token to 0.
  static uintx thread_claim_token() { return _thread_claim_token; }
  static void change_thread_claim_token();
  static void assert_all_threads_claimed() NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;

  // Apply "f->do_oop" to all root oops in all threads.
  // This version may only be called by sequential code.
  static void oops_do(OopClosure* f, CodeBlobClosure* cf);
  // This version may be called by sequential or parallel code.
  static void possibly_parallel_oops_do(bool is_par, OopClosure* f, CodeBlobClosure* cf);

  // Sweeper
  static void nmethods_do(CodeBlobClosure* cf);

  // RedefineClasses support
  static void metadata_do(MetadataClosure* f);
  static void metadata_handles_do(void f(Metadata*));

#ifdef ASSERT
  static bool is_vm_complete() { return _vm_complete; }
#endif // ASSERT

  // Verification
  static void verify();
  static void print_on(outputStream* st, bool print_stacks, bool internal_format, bool print_concurrent_locks, bool print_extended_info);
  static void print(bool print_stacks, bool internal_format) {
    // this function is only used by debug.cpp
    print_on(tty, print_stacks, internal_format, false /* no concurrent lock printed */, false /* simple format */);
  static void print_on_error(outputStream* st, Thread* current, char* buf, int buflen);
  static void print_on_error(Thread* this_thread, outputStream* st, Thread* current, char* buf,
                             int buflen, bool* found_current);
  static void print_threads_compiling(outputStream* st, char* buf, int buflen, bool short_form = false);

  // Get Java threads that are waiting to enter a monitor.
  static GrowableArray<JavaThread*>* get_pending_threads(ThreadsList * t_list,
                                                         int count, address monitor);

  // Get owning Java thread from the monitor's owner field.
  static JavaThread *owning_thread_from_monitor_owner(ThreadsList * t_list,
                                                      address owner);

  // Number of threads on the active threads list
  static int number_of_threads()                 { return _number_of_threads; }
  // Number of non-daemon threads on the active threads list
  static int number_of_non_daemon_threads()      { return _number_of_non_daemon_threads; }

  // Deoptimizes all frames tied to marked nmethods
  static void deoptimized_wrt_marked_nmethods();

  struct Test;                  // For private gtest access.

class SignalHandlerMark: public StackObj {
  Thread* _thread;
  SignalHandlerMark(Thread* t) {
    _thread = t;
    if (_thread) _thread->enter_signal_handler();
  ~SignalHandlerMark() {
    if (_thread) _thread->leave_signal_handler();
    _thread = NULL;