changeset 5917:05bb8900c9fa

6965150: TEST_BUG: java/nio/channels/AsynchronousSocketChannel/Basic.java takes too long Reviewed-by: chegar
author alanb
date Fri, 24 Jun 2011 19:30:39 +0100
parents baafc82c0b2b
children c681391a2856
files test/java/nio/channels/AsynchronousSocketChannel/Basic.java
diffstat 1 files changed, 583 insertions(+), 563 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/test/java/nio/channels/AsynchronousSocketChannel/Basic.java	Wed Nov 07 13:24:39 2012 +0100
+++ b/test/java/nio/channels/AsynchronousSocketChannel/Basic.java	Fri Jun 24 19:30:39 2011 +0100
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@
 /* @test
  * @bug 4607272 6842687 6878369 6944810 7023403
  * @summary Unit test for AsynchronousSocketChannel
- * @run main/timeout=600 Basic
+ * @run main Basic -skipSlowConnectTest
  */
 
 import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
@@ -34,12 +34,25 @@
 import java.util.Random;
 import java.util.concurrent.*;
 import java.util.concurrent.atomic.*;
+import java.io.Closeable;
 import java.io.IOException;
 
 public class Basic {
     static final Random rand = new Random();
 
+    static boolean skipSlowConnectTest = false;
+
     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
+        for (String arg: args) {
+            switch (arg) {
+            case "-skipSlowConnectTest" :
+                skipSlowConnectTest = true;
+                break;
+            default:
+                throw new RuntimeException("Unrecognized argument: " + arg);
+            }
+        }
+
         testBind();
         testSocketOptions();
         testConnect();
@@ -54,7 +67,7 @@
         testShutdown();
     }
 
-    static class Server {
+    static class Server implements Closeable {
         private final ServerSocketChannel ssc;
         private final InetSocketAddress address;
 
@@ -74,10 +87,8 @@
             return ssc.accept();
         }
 
-        void close() {
-            try {
-                ssc.close();
-            } catch (IOException ignore) { }
+        public void close() throws IOException {
+            ssc.close();
         }
 
     }
@@ -85,28 +96,28 @@
     static void testBind() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- bind --");
 
-        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        if (ch.getLocalAddress() != null)
-            throw new RuntimeException("Local address should be 'null'");
-        ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
+        try (AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()) {
+            if (ch.getLocalAddress() != null)
+                throw new RuntimeException("Local address should be 'null'");
+            ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
 
-        // check local address after binding
-        InetSocketAddress local = (InetSocketAddress)ch.getLocalAddress();
-        if (local.getPort() == 0)
-            throw new RuntimeException("Unexpected port");
-        if (!local.getAddress().isAnyLocalAddress())
-            throw new RuntimeException("Not bound to a wildcard address");
+            // check local address after binding
+            InetSocketAddress local = (InetSocketAddress)ch.getLocalAddress();
+            if (local.getPort() == 0)
+                throw new RuntimeException("Unexpected port");
+            if (!local.getAddress().isAnyLocalAddress())
+                throw new RuntimeException("Not bound to a wildcard address");
 
-        // try to re-bind
-        try {
-            ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
-            throw new RuntimeException("AlreadyBoundException expected");
-        } catch (AlreadyBoundException x) {
+            // try to re-bind
+            try {
+                ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
+                throw new RuntimeException("AlreadyBoundException expected");
+            } catch (AlreadyBoundException x) {
+            }
         }
-        ch.close();
 
         // check ClosedChannelException
-        ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
         ch.close();
         try {
             ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
@@ -118,109 +129,124 @@
     static void testSocketOptions() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- socket options --");
 
-        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()
-            .setOption(SO_RCVBUF, 128*1024)
-            .setOption(SO_SNDBUF, 128*1024)
-            .setOption(SO_REUSEADDR, true);
+        try (AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()) {
+            ch.setOption(SO_RCVBUF, 128*1024)
+              .setOption(SO_SNDBUF, 128*1024)
+              .setOption(SO_REUSEADDR, true);
 
-        // check SO_SNDBUF/SO_RCVBUF limits
-        int before, after;
-        before = ch.getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
-        after = ch.setOption(SO_SNDBUF, Integer.MAX_VALUE).getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
-        if (after < before)
-            throw new RuntimeException("setOption caused SO_SNDBUF to decrease");
-        before = ch.getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
-        after = ch.setOption(SO_RCVBUF, Integer.MAX_VALUE).getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
-        if (after < before)
-            throw new RuntimeException("setOption caused SO_RCVBUF to decrease");
+            // check SO_SNDBUF/SO_RCVBUF limits
+            int before, after;
+            before = ch.getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
+            after = ch.setOption(SO_SNDBUF, Integer.MAX_VALUE).getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
+            if (after < before)
+                throw new RuntimeException("setOption caused SO_SNDBUF to decrease");
+            before = ch.getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
+            after = ch.setOption(SO_RCVBUF, Integer.MAX_VALUE).getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
+            if (after < before)
+                throw new RuntimeException("setOption caused SO_RCVBUF to decrease");
 
-        ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
+            ch.bind(new InetSocketAddress(0));
 
-        // default values
-        if ((Boolean)ch.getOption(SO_KEEPALIVE))
-            throw new RuntimeException("Default of SO_KEEPALIVE should be 'false'");
-        if ((Boolean)ch.getOption(TCP_NODELAY))
-            throw new RuntimeException("Default of TCP_NODELAY should be 'false'");
+            // default values
+            if (ch.getOption(SO_KEEPALIVE))
+                throw new RuntimeException("Default of SO_KEEPALIVE should be 'false'");
+            if (ch.getOption(TCP_NODELAY))
+                throw new RuntimeException("Default of TCP_NODELAY should be 'false'");
 
-        // set and check
-        if (!(Boolean)ch.setOption(SO_KEEPALIVE, true).getOption(SO_KEEPALIVE))
-            throw new RuntimeException("SO_KEEPALIVE did not change");
-        if (!(Boolean)ch.setOption(TCP_NODELAY, true).getOption(TCP_NODELAY))
-            throw new RuntimeException("SO_KEEPALIVE did not change");
+            // set and check
+            if (!ch.setOption(SO_KEEPALIVE, true).getOption(SO_KEEPALIVE))
+                throw new RuntimeException("SO_KEEPALIVE did not change");
+            if (!ch.setOption(TCP_NODELAY, true).getOption(TCP_NODELAY))
+                throw new RuntimeException("SO_KEEPALIVE did not change");
 
-        // read others (can't check as actual value is implementation dependent)
-        ch.getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
-        ch.getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
-
-        ch.close();
+            // read others (can't check as actual value is implementation dependent)
+            ch.getOption(SO_RCVBUF);
+            ch.getOption(SO_SNDBUF);
+        }
     }
 
     static void testConnect() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- connect --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+        SocketAddress address;
 
-        // check local address
-        if (ch.getLocalAddress() == null)
-            throw new RuntimeException("Not bound to local address");
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            address = server.address();
 
-        // check remote address
-        InetSocketAddress remote = (InetSocketAddress)ch.getRemoteAddress();
-        if (remote.getPort() != server.address().getPort())
-            throw new RuntimeException("Connected to unexpected port");
-        if (!remote.getAddress().equals(server.address().getAddress()))
-            throw new RuntimeException("Connected to unexpected address");
+            // connect to server and check local/remote addresses
+            try (AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()) {
+                ch.connect(address).get();
+                // check local address
+                if (ch.getLocalAddress() == null)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Not bound to local address");
 
-        // try to connect again
-        try {
-            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("AlreadyConnectedException expected");
-        } catch (AlreadyConnectedException x) {
+                // check remote address
+                InetSocketAddress remote = (InetSocketAddress)ch.getRemoteAddress();
+                if (remote.getPort() != server.address().getPort())
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Connected to unexpected port");
+                if (!remote.getAddress().equals(server.address().getAddress()))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Connected to unexpected address");
+
+                // try to connect again
+                try {
+                    ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+                    throw new RuntimeException("AlreadyConnectedException expected");
+                } catch (AlreadyConnectedException x) {
+                }
+
+                // clean-up
+                server.accept().close();
+            }
+
+            // check that connect fails with ClosedChannelException
+            AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.close();
+            try {
+                ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+                throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
+            } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
+            }
+            final AtomicReference<Throwable> connectException = new AtomicReference<>();
+            ch.connect(server.address(), (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Void,Void>() {
+                public void completed(Void result, Void att) {
+                }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    connectException.set(exc);
+                }
+            });
+            while (connectException.get() == null) {
+                Thread.sleep(100);
+            }
+            if (!(connectException.get() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
+                throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
         }
-        ch.close();
-
-        // check that connect fails with ClosedChannelException)
-        ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.close();
-        try {
-            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
-        }
-        final AtomicReference<Throwable> connectException =
-            new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
-        ch.connect(server.address(), (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Void,Void>() {
-            public void completed(Void result, Void att) {
-            }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                connectException.set(exc);
-            }
-        });
-        while (connectException.get() == null) {
-            Thread.sleep(100);
-        }
-        if (!(connectException.get() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
-            throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
-
-        System.out.println("-- connect to non-existent host --");
 
         // test that failure to connect closes the channel
-        ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        try {
-            ch.connect(genSocketAddress()).get();
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            // failed to establish connection
-            if (ch.isOpen())
-                throw new RuntimeException("Channel should be closed");
-        } finally {
-            ch.close();
+        try (AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()) {
+            try {
+                ch.connect(address).get();
+            } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                // failed to establish connection
+                if (ch.isOpen())
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Channel should be closed");
+            }
         }
 
-        server.close();
+        // repeat test by connecting to a (probably) non-existent host. This
+        // improves the chance that the connect will not fail immediately.
+        if (!skipSlowConnectTest) {
+            try (AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open()) {
+                try {
+                    ch.connect(genSocketAddress()).get();
+                } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                    // failed to establish connection
+                    if (ch.isOpen())
+                        throw new RuntimeException("Channel should be closed");
+                }
+            }
+        }
     }
 
     static void testCloseWhenPending() throws Exception {
@@ -249,466 +275,460 @@
 
         System.out.println("-- asynchronous close when reading --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
 
-        ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
-        Future<Integer> result = ch.read(dst);
+            ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
+            Future<Integer> result = ch.read(dst);
 
-        // attempt a second read - should fail with ReadPendingException
-        ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
-        try {
-            ch.read(buf);
-            throw new RuntimeException("ReadPendingException expected");
-        } catch (ReadPendingException x) {
+            // attempt a second read - should fail with ReadPendingException
+            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
+            try {
+                ch.read(buf);
+                throw new RuntimeException("ReadPendingException expected");
+            } catch (ReadPendingException x) {
+            }
+
+            // close channel (should cause initial read to complete)
+            ch.close();
+            server.accept().close();
+
+            // check that AsynchronousCloseException is thrown
+            try {
+                result.get();
+                throw new RuntimeException("Should not read");
+            } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                if (!(x.getCause() instanceof AsynchronousCloseException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException(x);
+            }
+
+            System.out.println("-- asynchronous close when writing --");
+
+            ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+
+            final AtomicReference<Throwable> writeException =
+                new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
+
+            // write bytes to fill socket buffer
+            ch.write(genBuffer(), ch, new CompletionHandler<Integer,AsynchronousSocketChannel>() {
+                public void completed(Integer result, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
+                    ch.write(genBuffer(), ch, this);
+                }
+                public void failed(Throwable x, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
+                    writeException.set(x);
+                }
+            });
+
+            // give time for socket buffer to fill up.
+            Thread.sleep(5*1000);
+
+            //  attempt a concurrent write - should fail with WritePendingException
+            try {
+                ch.write(genBuffer());
+                throw new RuntimeException("WritePendingException expected");
+            } catch (WritePendingException x) {
+            }
+
+            // close channel - should cause initial write to complete
+            ch.close();
+            server.accept().close();
+
+            // wait for exception
+            while (writeException.get() == null) {
+                Thread.sleep(100);
+            }
+            if (!(writeException.get() instanceof AsynchronousCloseException))
+                throw new RuntimeException("AsynchronousCloseException expected");
         }
-
-        // close channel (should cause initial read to complete)
-        ch.close();
-
-        // check that AsynchronousCloseException is thrown
-        try {
-            result.get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("Should not read");
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            if (!(x.getCause() instanceof AsynchronousCloseException))
-                throw new RuntimeException(x);
-        }
-
-        System.out.println("-- asynchronous close when writing --");
-
-        ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-
-        final AtomicReference<Throwable> writeException =
-            new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
-
-        // write bytes to fill socket buffer
-        ch.write(genBuffer(), ch, new CompletionHandler<Integer,AsynchronousSocketChannel>() {
-            public void completed(Integer result, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
-                ch.write(genBuffer(), ch, this);
-            }
-            public void failed(Throwable x, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
-                writeException.set(x);
-            }
-        });
-
-        // give time for socket buffer to fill up.
-        Thread.sleep(5*1000);
-
-        //  attempt a concurrent write - should fail with WritePendingException
-        try {
-            ch.write(genBuffer());
-            throw new RuntimeException("WritePendingException expected");
-        } catch (WritePendingException x) {
-        }
-
-        // close channel - should cause initial write to complete
-        ch.close();
-
-        // wait for exception
-        while (writeException.get() == null) {
-            Thread.sleep(100);
-        }
-        if (!(writeException.get() instanceof AsynchronousCloseException))
-            throw new RuntimeException("AsynchronousCloseException expected");
-
-        server.close();
     }
 
     static void testCancel() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- cancel --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            for (int i=0; i<2; i++) {
+                boolean mayInterruptIfRunning = (i == 0) ? false : true;
 
-        for (int i=0; i<2; i++) {
-            boolean mayInterruptIfRunning = (i == 0) ? false : true;
+                // establish loopback connection
+                AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+                ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+                SocketChannel peer = server.accept();
 
-            // establish loopback connection
-            AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-            SocketChannel peer = server.accept();
+                // start read operation
+                ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
+                Future<Integer> res = ch.read(buf);
 
-            // start read operation
-            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
-            Future<Integer> res = ch.read(buf);
+                // cancel operation
+                boolean cancelled = res.cancel(mayInterruptIfRunning);
 
-            // cancel operation
-            boolean cancelled = res.cancel(mayInterruptIfRunning);
+                // check post-conditions
+                if (!res.isDone())
+                    throw new RuntimeException("isDone should return true");
+                if (res.isCancelled() != cancelled)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("isCancelled not consistent");
+                try {
+                    res.get();
+                    throw new RuntimeException("CancellationException expected");
+                } catch (CancellationException x) {
+                }
+                try {
+                    res.get(1, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
+                    throw new RuntimeException("CancellationException expected");
+                } catch (CancellationException x) {
+                }
 
-            // check post-conditions
-            if (!res.isDone())
-                throw new RuntimeException("isDone should return true");
-            if (res.isCancelled() != cancelled)
-                throw new RuntimeException("isCancelled not consistent");
-            try {
-                res.get();
-                throw new RuntimeException("CancellationException expected");
-            } catch (CancellationException x) {
+                // check that the cancel doesn't impact writing to the channel
+                if (!mayInterruptIfRunning) {
+                    buf = ByteBuffer.wrap("a".getBytes());
+                    ch.write(buf).get();
+                }
+
+                ch.close();
+                peer.close();
             }
-            try {
-                res.get(1, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
-                throw new RuntimeException("CancellationException expected");
-            } catch (CancellationException x) {
-            }
-
-            // check that the cancel doesn't impact writing to the channel
-            if (!mayInterruptIfRunning) {
-                buf = ByteBuffer.wrap("a".getBytes());
-                ch.write(buf).get();
-            }
-
-            ch.close();
-            peer.close();
         }
-
-        server.close();
     }
 
     static void testRead1() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- read (1) --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
 
-        // read with 0 bytes remaining should complete immediately
-        ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
-        buf.put((byte)0);
-        int n = ch.read(buf).get();
-        if (n != 0)
-            throw new RuntimeException("0 expected");
+            // read with 0 bytes remaining should complete immediately
+            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
+            buf.put((byte)0);
+            int n = ch.read(buf).get();
+            if (n != 0)
+                throw new RuntimeException("0 expected");
 
-        // write bytes and close connection
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
-        ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
-        sc.setOption(StandardSocketOptions.SO_SNDBUF, src.remaining());
-        while (src.hasRemaining())
-            sc.write(src);
-        sc.close();
+            // write bytes and close connection
+            ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
+            try (SocketChannel sc = server.accept()) {
+                sc.setOption(SO_SNDBUF, src.remaining());
+                while (src.hasRemaining())
+                    sc.write(src);
+            }
 
-        // reads should complete immediately
-        final ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity() + 100);
-        final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
-        ch.read(dst, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
-            public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
-                int n = result;
-                if (n > 0) {
-                    ch.read(dst, (Void)null, this);
-                } else {
-                    latch.countDown();
+            // reads should complete immediately
+            final ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity() + 100);
+            final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
+            ch.read(dst, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
+                public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
+                    int n = result;
+                    if (n > 0) {
+                        ch.read(dst, (Void)null, this);
+                    } else {
+                        latch.countDown();
+                    }
                 }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                }
+            });
+
+            latch.await();
+
+            // check buffers
+            src.flip();
+            dst.flip();
+            if (!src.equals(dst)) {
+                throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
             }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+
+            // close channel
+            ch.close();
+
+            // check read fails with ClosedChannelException
+            try {
+                ch.read(dst).get();
+                throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
+            } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
             }
-        });
-
-        latch.await();
-
-        // check buffers
-        src.flip();
-        dst.flip();
-        if (!src.equals(dst)) {
-            throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
         }
-
-        // close channel
-        ch.close();
-
-        // check read fails with ClosedChannelException
-        try {
-            ch.read(dst).get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
-        }
-
-        server.close();
     }
 
     static void testRead2() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- read (2) --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+            SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
 
-        final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
+            ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
 
-        ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
+            // read until the buffer is full
+            final ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity());
+            final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
+            ch.read(dst, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
+                public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
+                    if (dst.hasRemaining()) {
+                        ch.read(dst, (Void)null, this);
+                    } else {
+                        latch.countDown();
+                    }
+                }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                }
+            });
 
-        // read until the buffer is full
-        final ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity());
-        final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
-        ch.read(dst, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
-            public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
-                if (dst.hasRemaining()) {
-                    ch.read(dst, (Void)null, this);
-                } else {
-                    latch.countDown();
-                }
+            // trickle the writing
+            do {
+                int rem = src.remaining();
+                int size = (rem <= 100) ? rem : 50 + rand.nextInt(rem - 100);
+                ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(size);
+                for (int i=0; i<size; i++)
+                    buf.put(src.get());
+                buf.flip();
+                Thread.sleep(50 + rand.nextInt(1500));
+                while (buf.hasRemaining())
+                    sc.write(buf);
+            } while (src.hasRemaining());
+
+            // wait until ascynrhonous reading has completed
+            latch.await();
+
+            // check buffers
+            src.flip();
+            dst.flip();
+            if (!src.equals(dst)) {
+               throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
             }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-            }
-        });
 
-        // trickle the writing
-        do {
-            int rem = src.remaining();
-            int size = (rem <= 100) ? rem : 50 + rand.nextInt(rem - 100);
-            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(size);
-            for (int i=0; i<size; i++)
-                buf.put(src.get());
-            buf.flip();
-            Thread.sleep(50 + rand.nextInt(1500));
-            while (buf.hasRemaining())
-                sc.write(buf);
-        } while (src.hasRemaining());
-
-        // wait until ascynrhonous reading has completed
-        latch.await();
-
-        // check buffers
-        src.flip();
-        dst.flip();
-        if (!src.equals(dst)) {
-           throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
+            sc.close();
+            ch.close();
         }
-
-        sc.close();
-        ch.close();
-        server.close();
     }
 
     // exercise scattering read
     static void testRead3() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- read (3) --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+            SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
 
-        ByteBuffer[] dsts = new ByteBuffer[3];
-        for (int i=0; i<dsts.length; i++) {
-            dsts[i] = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
+            ByteBuffer[] dsts = new ByteBuffer[3];
+            for (int i=0; i<dsts.length; i++) {
+                dsts[i] = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(100);
+            }
+
+            // scattering read that completes ascynhronously
+            final CountDownLatch l1 = new CountDownLatch(1);
+            ch.read(dsts, 0, dsts.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
+                new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
+                    public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
+                        long n = result;
+                        if (n <= 0)
+                            throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
+                        l1.countDown();
+                    }
+                    public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    }
+            });
+
+            // write some bytes
+            sc.write(genBuffer());
+
+            // read should now complete
+            l1.await();
+
+            // write more bytes
+            sc.write(genBuffer());
+
+            // read should complete immediately
+            for (int i=0; i<dsts.length; i++) {
+                dsts[i].rewind();
+            }
+
+            final CountDownLatch l2 = new CountDownLatch(1);
+            ch.read(dsts, 0, dsts.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
+                new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
+                    public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
+                        long n = result;
+                        if (n <= 0)
+                            throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
+                        l2.countDown();
+                    }
+                    public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    }
+            });
+            l2.await();
+
+            ch.close();
+            sc.close();
         }
-
-        // scattering read that completes ascynhronously
-        final CountDownLatch l1 = new CountDownLatch(1);
-        ch.read(dsts, 0, dsts.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
-            new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
-                public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
-                    long n = result;
-                    if (n <= 0)
-                        throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
-                    l1.countDown();
-                }
-                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                }
-        });
-
-        // write some bytes
-        sc.write(genBuffer());
-
-        // read should now complete
-        l1.await();
-
-        // write more bytes
-        sc.write(genBuffer());
-
-        // read should complete immediately
-        for (int i=0; i<dsts.length; i++) {
-            dsts[i].rewind();
-        }
-
-        final CountDownLatch l2 = new CountDownLatch(1);
-        ch.read(dsts, 0, dsts.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
-            new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
-                public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
-                    long n = result;
-                    if (n <= 0)
-                        throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
-                    l2.countDown();
-                }
-                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                }
-        });
-        l2.await();
-
-        ch.close();
-        sc.close();
-        server.close();
     }
 
     static void testWrite1() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- write (1) --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+            SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
 
-        // write with 0 bytes remaining should complete immediately
-        ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
-        buf.put((byte)0);
-        int n = ch.write(buf).get();
-        if (n != 0)
-            throw new RuntimeException("0 expected");
+            // write with 0 bytes remaining should complete immediately
+            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
+            buf.put((byte)0);
+            int n = ch.write(buf).get();
+            if (n != 0)
+                throw new RuntimeException("0 expected");
 
-        // write all bytes and close connection when done
-        final ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
-        ch.write(src, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
-            public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
-                if (src.hasRemaining()) {
-                    ch.write(src, (Void)null, this);
-                } else {
-                    try {
-                        ch.close();
-                    } catch (IOException ignore) { }
+            // write all bytes and close connection when done
+            final ByteBuffer src = genBuffer();
+            ch.write(src, (Void)null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
+                public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
+                    if (src.hasRemaining()) {
+                        ch.write(src, (Void)null, this);
+                    } else {
+                        try {
+                            ch.close();
+                        } catch (IOException ignore) { }
+                    }
                 }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                }
+            });
+
+            // read to EOF or buffer full
+            ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity() + 100);
+            do {
+                n = sc.read(dst);
+            } while (n > 0);
+            sc.close();
+
+            // check buffers
+            src.flip();
+            dst.flip();
+            if (!src.equals(dst)) {
+                throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
             }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+
+            // check write fails with ClosedChannelException
+            try {
+                ch.read(dst).get();
+                throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
+            } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
             }
-        });
-
-        // read to EOF or buffer full
-        ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(src.capacity() + 100);
-        do {
-            n = sc.read(dst);
-        } while (n > 0);
-        sc.close();
-
-        // check buffers
-        src.flip();
-        dst.flip();
-        if (!src.equals(dst)) {
-            throw new RuntimeException("Contents differ");
         }
-
-        // check write fails with ClosedChannelException
-        try {
-            ch.read(dst).get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("ExecutionException expected");
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("Cause of ClosedChannelException expected");
-        }
-
-        server.close();
     }
 
     // exercise gathering write
     static void testWrite2() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- write (2) --");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            final AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+            SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
 
-        // number of bytes written
-        final AtomicLong bytesWritten = new AtomicLong(0);
+            // number of bytes written
+            final AtomicLong bytesWritten = new AtomicLong(0);
 
-        // write buffers (should complete immediately)
-        ByteBuffer[] srcs = genBuffers(1);
-        final CountDownLatch l1 = new CountDownLatch(1);
-        ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
-            new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
-                public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
-                    long n = result;
-                    if (n <= 0)
-                        throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
-                    bytesWritten.addAndGet(n);
-                    l1.countDown();
-                }
-                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                }
-        });
-        l1.await();
+            // write buffers (should complete immediately)
+            ByteBuffer[] srcs = genBuffers(1);
+            final CountDownLatch l1 = new CountDownLatch(1);
+            ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
+                new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
+                    public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
+                        long n = result;
+                        if (n <= 0)
+                            throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
+                        bytesWritten.addAndGet(n);
+                        l1.countDown();
+                    }
+                    public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    }
+            });
+            l1.await();
 
-        // set to true to signal that no more buffers should be written
-        final AtomicBoolean continueWriting = new AtomicBoolean(true);
+            // set to true to signal that no more buffers should be written
+            final AtomicBoolean continueWriting = new AtomicBoolean(true);
 
-        // write until socket buffer is full so as to create the conditions
-        // for when a write does not complete immediately
-        srcs = genBuffers(1);
-        ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
-            new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
-                public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
-                    long n = result;
-                    if (n <= 0)
-                        throw new RuntimeException("No bytes written");
-                    bytesWritten.addAndGet(n);
-                    if (continueWriting.get()) {
-                        ByteBuffer[] srcs = genBuffers(8);
-                        ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS,
-                            (Void)null, this);
+            // write until socket buffer is full so as to create the conditions
+            // for when a write does not complete immediately
+            srcs = genBuffers(1);
+            ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS, (Void)null,
+                new CompletionHandler<Long,Void>() {
+                    public void completed(Long result, Void att) {
+                        long n = result;
+                        if (n <= 0)
+                            throw new RuntimeException("No bytes written");
+                        bytesWritten.addAndGet(n);
+                        if (continueWriting.get()) {
+                            ByteBuffer[] srcs = genBuffers(8);
+                            ch.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length, 0L, TimeUnit.SECONDS,
+                                (Void)null, this);
+                        }
                     }
-                }
-                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                }
-        });
+                    public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    }
+            });
 
-        // give time for socket buffer to fill up.
-        Thread.sleep(5*1000);
+            // give time for socket buffer to fill up.
+            Thread.sleep(5*1000);
 
-        // signal handler to stop further writing
-        continueWriting.set(false);
+            // signal handler to stop further writing
+            continueWriting.set(false);
 
-        // read until done
-        ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(4096);
-        long total = 0L;
-        do {
-            int n = sc.read(buf);
-            if (n <= 0)
-                throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
-            buf.rewind();
-            total += n;
-        } while (total < bytesWritten.get());
+            // read until done
+            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(4096);
+            long total = 0L;
+            do {
+                int n = sc.read(buf);
+                if (n <= 0)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("No bytes read");
+                buf.rewind();
+                total += n;
+            } while (total < bytesWritten.get());
 
-        ch.close();
-        sc.close();
-        server.close();
+            ch.close();
+            sc.close();
+        }
     }
 
     static void testShutdown() throws Exception {
         System.out.println("-- shutdown--");
 
-        Server server = new Server();
-        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
-        SocketChannel sc = server.accept();
+        try (Server server = new Server();
+             AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open())
+        {
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+            try (SocketChannel peer = server.accept()) {
+                ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(1000);
+                int n;
 
-        ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(1000);
-        int n;
+                // check read
+                ch.shutdownInput();
+                n = ch.read(buf).get();
+                if (n != -1)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("-1 expected");
+                // check full with full buffer
+                buf.put(new byte[100]);
+                n = ch.read(buf).get();
+                if (n != -1)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("-1 expected");
 
-        // check read
-        ch.shutdownInput();
-        n = ch.read(buf).get();
-        if (n != -1)
-            throw new RuntimeException("-1 expected");
-        // check full with full buffer
-        buf.put(new byte[100]);
-        n = ch.read(buf).get();
-        if (n != -1)
-            throw new RuntimeException("-1 expected");
-
-        // check write
-        ch.shutdownOutput();
-        try {
-            ch.write(buf).get();
-            throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
-        } catch (ExecutionException x) {
-            if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
+                // check write
+                ch.shutdownOutput();
+                try {
+                    ch.write(buf).get();
+                    throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
+                } catch (ExecutionException x) {
+                    if (!(x.getCause() instanceof ClosedChannelException))
+                        throw new RuntimeException("ClosedChannelException expected");
+                }
+            }
         }
-
-        sc.close();
-        ch.close();
-        server.close();
     }
 
     static void testTimeout() throws Exception {
@@ -720,88 +740,88 @@
     }
 
     static void testTimeout(final long timeout, final TimeUnit unit) throws Exception {
-        Server server = new Server();
-        AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
-        ch.connect(server.address()).get();
+        try (Server server = new Server()) {
+            AsynchronousSocketChannel ch = AsynchronousSocketChannel.open();
+            ch.connect(server.address()).get();
 
-        ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocate(512);
+            ByteBuffer dst = ByteBuffer.allocate(512);
 
-        final AtomicReference<Throwable> readException = new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
+            final AtomicReference<Throwable> readException = new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
 
-        // this read should timeout if value is > 0
-        ch.read(dst, timeout, unit, null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
-            public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
-                readException.set(new RuntimeException("Should not complete"));
+            // this read should timeout if value is > 0
+            ch.read(dst, timeout, unit, null, new CompletionHandler<Integer,Void>() {
+                public void completed(Integer result, Void att) {
+                    readException.set(new RuntimeException("Should not complete"));
+                }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
+                    readException.set(exc);
+                }
+            });
+            if (timeout > 0L) {
+                // wait for exception
+                while (readException.get() == null) {
+                    Thread.sleep(100);
+                }
+                if (!(readException.get() instanceof InterruptedByTimeoutException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("InterruptedByTimeoutException expected");
+
+                // after a timeout then further reading should throw unspecified runtime exception
+                boolean exceptionThrown = false;
+                try {
+                    ch.read(dst);
+                } catch (RuntimeException x) {
+                    exceptionThrown = true;
+                }
+                if (!exceptionThrown)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("RuntimeException expected after timeout.");
+            } else {
+                Thread.sleep(1000);
+                Throwable exc = readException.get();
+                if (exc != null)
+                    throw new RuntimeException(exc);
             }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, Void att) {
-                readException.set(exc);
+
+            final AtomicReference<Throwable> writeException = new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
+
+            // write bytes to fill socket buffer
+            ch.write(genBuffer(), timeout, unit, ch,
+                new CompletionHandler<Integer,AsynchronousSocketChannel>()
+            {
+                public void completed(Integer result, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
+                    ch.write(genBuffer(), timeout, unit, ch, this);
+                }
+                public void failed(Throwable exc, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
+                    writeException.set(exc);
+                }
+            });
+            if (timeout > 0) {
+                // wait for exception
+                while (writeException.get() == null) {
+                    Thread.sleep(100);
+                }
+                if (!(writeException.get() instanceof InterruptedByTimeoutException))
+                    throw new RuntimeException("InterruptedByTimeoutException expected");
+
+                // after a timeout then further writing should throw unspecified runtime exception
+                boolean exceptionThrown = false;
+                try {
+                    ch.write(genBuffer());
+                } catch (RuntimeException x) {
+                    exceptionThrown = true;
+                }
+                if (!exceptionThrown)
+                    throw new RuntimeException("RuntimeException expected after timeout.");
+            } else {
+                Thread.sleep(1000);
+                Throwable exc = writeException.get();
+                if (exc != null)
+                    throw new RuntimeException(exc);
             }
-        });
-        if (timeout > 0L) {
-            // wait for exception
-            while (readException.get() == null) {
-                Thread.sleep(100);
-            }
-            if (!(readException.get() instanceof InterruptedByTimeoutException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("InterruptedByTimeoutException expected");
 
-            // after a timeout then further reading should throw unspecified runtime exception
-            boolean exceptionThrown = false;
-            try {
-                ch.read(dst);
-            } catch (RuntimeException x) {
-                exceptionThrown = true;
-            }
-            if (!exceptionThrown)
-                throw new RuntimeException("RuntimeException expected after timeout.");
-        } else {
-            Thread.sleep(1000);
-            Throwable exc = readException.get();
-            if (exc != null)
-                throw new RuntimeException(exc);
+            // clean-up
+            server.accept().close();
+            ch.close();
         }
-
-        final AtomicReference<Throwable> writeException = new AtomicReference<Throwable>();
-
-        // write bytes to fill socket buffer
-        ch.write(genBuffer(), timeout, unit, ch,
-            new CompletionHandler<Integer,AsynchronousSocketChannel>()
-        {
-            public void completed(Integer result, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
-                ch.write(genBuffer(), timeout, unit, ch, this);
-            }
-            public void failed(Throwable exc, AsynchronousSocketChannel ch) {
-                writeException.set(exc);
-            }
-        });
-        if (timeout > 0) {
-            // wait for exception
-            while (writeException.get() == null) {
-                Thread.sleep(100);
-            }
-            if (!(writeException.get() instanceof InterruptedByTimeoutException))
-                throw new RuntimeException("InterruptedByTimeoutException expected");
-
-            // after a timeout then further writing should throw unspecified runtime exception
-            boolean exceptionThrown = false;
-            try {
-                ch.write(genBuffer());
-            } catch (RuntimeException x) {
-                exceptionThrown = true;
-            }
-            if (!exceptionThrown)
-                throw new RuntimeException("RuntimeException expected after timeout.");
-        } else {
-            Thread.sleep(1000);
-            Throwable exc = writeException.get();
-            if (exc != null)
-                throw new RuntimeException(exc);
-        }
-
-        // clean-up
-        server.accept().close();
-        ch.close();
-        server.close();
     }
 
     // returns ByteBuffer with random bytes