changeset 3577:338c5b815ff2

6927486: Hashtable writeObject() may deadlock Summary: Do not synchronize on self while writing hash table elements Reviewed-by: alanb, mduigou Contributed-by: Neil Richards <neil.richards@ngmr.net>
author mduigou
date Mon, 14 Feb 2011 11:00:02 -0800
parents 2633daa325ed
children 44c99f30f9df
files src/share/classes/java/util/Hashtable.java test/java/util/Hashtable/SerializationDeadlock.java test/java/util/Hashtable/SimpleSerialization.java
diffstat 3 files changed, 268 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/Hashtable.java	Mon Feb 14 10:48:46 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/Hashtable.java	Mon Feb 14 11:00:02 2011 -0800
@@ -845,24 +845,36 @@
      *             for each key-value mapping represented by the Hashtable
      *             The key-value mappings are emitted in no particular order.
      */
-    private synchronized void writeObject(java.io.ObjectOutputStream s)
-        throws IOException
-    {
-        // Write out the length, threshold, loadfactor
-        s.defaultWriteObject();
+    private void writeObject(java.io.ObjectOutputStream s)
+            throws IOException {
+        Entry<Object, Object> entryStack = null;
 
-        // Write out length, count of elements and then the key/value objects
-        s.writeInt(table.length);
-        s.writeInt(count);
-        for (int index = table.length-1; index >= 0; index--) {
-            Entry entry = table[index];
+        synchronized (this) {
+            // Write out the length, threshold, loadfactor
+            s.defaultWriteObject();
 
-            while (entry != null) {
-                s.writeObject(entry.key);
-                s.writeObject(entry.value);
-                entry = entry.next;
+            // Write out length, count of elements
+            s.writeInt(table.length);
+            s.writeInt(count);
+
+            // Stack copies of the entries in the table
+            for (int index = 0; index < table.length; index++) {
+                Entry entry = table[index];
+
+                while (entry != null) {
+                    entryStack =
+                        new Entry<>(0, entry.key, entry.value, entryStack);
+                    entry = entry.next;
+                }
             }
         }
+
+        // Write out the key/value objects from the stacked entries
+        while (entryStack != null) {
+            s.writeObject(entryStack.key);
+            s.writeObject(entryStack.value);
+            entryStack = entryStack.next;
+        }
     }
 
     /**
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Hashtable/SerializationDeadlock.java	Mon Feb 14 11:00:02 2011 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,156 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010, 2011 Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ * -------------------------------------------
+ *
+ * Portions Copyright (c) 2010, 2011 IBM Corporation
+ */
+
+/*
+ * @test
+ * @bug 6927486
+ * @summary Serializing Hashtable objects which refer to each other should not be able to deadlock.
+ * @author Neil Richards <neil.richards@ngmr.net>, <neil_richards@uk.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
+import java.io.PrintWriter;
+import java.io.Serializable;
+import java.io.StringWriter;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.Hashtable;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.concurrent.CyclicBarrier;
+
+public class SerializationDeadlock {
+    public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
+        // Test for Hashtable serialization deadlock
+        final Hashtable<Object, Object> h1 = new Hashtable<>();
+        final Hashtable<Object, Object> h2 = new Hashtable<>();
+        final TestBarrier testStart = new TestBarrier(3);
+
+        // Populate the hashtables so that they refer to each other
+        h1.put(testStart, h2);
+        h2.put(testStart, h1);
+
+        final CyclicBarrier testEnd = new CyclicBarrier(3);
+        final TestThread t1 = new TestThread(h1, testEnd);
+        final TestThread t2 = new TestThread(h2, testEnd);
+
+        t1.start();
+        t2.start();
+
+        // Wait for both test threads to have initiated serialization
+        // of the 'testStart' object (and hence of both 'h1' and 'h2')
+        testStart.await();
+
+        // Wait for both test threads to successfully finish serialization
+        // of 'h1' and 'h2'.
+        System.out.println("Waiting for Hashtable serialization to complete ...");
+        System.out.println("(This test will hang if serialization deadlocks)");
+        testEnd.await();
+        System.out.println("Test PASSED: serialization completed successfully");
+
+        TestThread.handleExceptions();
+    }
+
+    static final class TestBarrier extends CyclicBarrier
+            implements Serializable {
+        public TestBarrier(final int count) {
+            super(count);
+        }
+
+        private void writeObject(final ObjectOutputStream oos)
+                throws IOException {
+            oos.defaultWriteObject();
+            // Wait until all test threads have started serializing data
+            try {
+                await();
+            } catch (final Exception e) {
+                throw new IOException("Test ERROR: Unexpected exception caught", e);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    static final class TestThread extends Thread {
+        private static final List<Exception> exceptions = new ArrayList<>();
+
+        private final Hashtable<Object, Object> hashtable;
+        private final CyclicBarrier testEnd;
+
+        public TestThread(final Hashtable<Object, Object> hashtable,
+                final CyclicBarrier testEnd) {
+            this.hashtable = hashtable;
+            this.testEnd = testEnd;
+            setDaemon(true);
+        }
+
+        public void run() {
+            try {
+                final ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+                final ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
+
+                oos.writeObject(hashtable);
+                oos.close();
+            } catch (final IOException ioe) {
+                addException(ioe);
+            } finally {
+                try {
+                    testEnd.await();
+                } catch (Exception e) {
+                    addException(e);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        private static synchronized void addException(final Exception exception) {
+            exceptions.add(exception);
+        }
+
+        public static synchronized void handleExceptions() {
+            if (false == exceptions.isEmpty()) {
+                throw new RuntimeException(getErrorText(exceptions));
+            }
+        }
+
+        private static String getErrorText(final List<Exception> exceptions) {
+            final StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
+            final PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
+
+            pw.println("Test ERROR: Unexpected exceptions thrown on test threads:");
+            for (Exception exception : exceptions) {
+                pw.print("\t");
+                pw.println(exception);
+                for (StackTraceElement element : exception.getStackTrace()) {
+                    pw.print("\t\tat ");
+                    pw.println(element);
+                }
+            }
+
+            pw.close();
+            return sw.toString();
+        }
+    }
+}
+
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Hashtable/SimpleSerialization.java	Mon Feb 14 11:00:02 2011 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010, 2011 Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ * -------------------------------------------
+ *
+ * Portions Copyright (c) 2010, 2011 IBM Corporation
+ */
+
+/*
+ * @test
+ * @bug 6927486
+ * @summary A serialized Hashtable can be de-serialized properly.
+ * @author Neil Richards <neil.richards@ngmr.net>, <neil_richards@uk.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
+import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
+import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
+import java.io.PrintWriter;
+import java.io.StringWriter;
+import java.util.Hashtable;
+
+public class SimpleSerialization {
+    public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
+        Hashtable<String, String> h1 = new Hashtable<>();
+
+        h1.put("key", "value");
+
+        final ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+        final ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
+
+        oos.writeObject(h1);
+        oos.close();
+
+        final byte[] data = baos.toByteArray();
+        final ByteArrayInputStream bais = new ByteArrayInputStream(data);
+        final ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(bais);
+
+        final Object deserializedObject = ois.readObject();
+        ois.close();
+
+        if (false == h1.equals(deserializedObject)) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(getFailureText(h1, deserializedObject));
+        }
+    }
+
+    private static String getFailureText(final Object orig, final Object copy) {
+        final StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
+        final PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
+
+        pw.println("Test FAILED: Deserialized object is not equal to the original object");
+        pw.print("\tOriginal: ");
+        printObject(pw, orig).println();
+        pw.print("\tCopy:     ");
+        printObject(pw, copy).println();
+
+        pw.close();
+        return sw.toString();
+    }
+
+    private static PrintWriter printObject(final PrintWriter pw, final Object o) {
+        pw.printf("%s@%08x", o.getClass().getName(), System.identityHashCode(o));
+        return pw;
+    }
+}