changeset 1817:6b48ea20e0b9

6897993: (se) Close or cancel performance issue when number of pending updates is high (lnx) Summary: Use O(1) Iterator instead of O(N) operations on LinkedList updateList Reviewed-by: alanb Contributed-by: Igor Chernyshev <igorc@google.com>
author martin
date Wed, 04 Nov 2009 15:22:30 -0800
parents e740080fd1a4
children 6d24852165ba
files src/solaris/classes/sun/nio/ch/EPollArrayWrapper.java test/java/nio/channels/Selector/LotsOfCancels.java
diffstat 2 files changed, 296 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/src/solaris/classes/sun/nio/ch/EPollArrayWrapper.java	Tue Nov 03 15:01:50 2009 -0800
+++ b/src/solaris/classes/sun/nio/ch/EPollArrayWrapper.java	Wed Nov 04 15:22:30 2009 -0800
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.util.LinkedList;
 import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.Iterator;
 
 /**
  * Manipulates a native array of epoll_event structs on Linux:
@@ -200,12 +201,9 @@
     void release(SelChImpl channel) {
         synchronized (updateList) {
             // flush any pending updates
-            int i = 0;
-            while (i < updateList.size()) {
-                if (updateList.get(i).channel == channel) {
-                    updateList.remove(i);
-                } else {
-                    i++;
+            for (Iterator<Updator> it = updateList.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
+                if (it.next().channel == channel) {
+                    it.remove();
                 }
             }
 
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/nio/channels/Selector/LotsOfCancels.java	Wed Nov 04 15:22:30 2009 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,292 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2009 Google Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara,
+ * CA 95054 USA or visit www.sun.com if you need additional information or
+ * have any questions.
+ */
+
+import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
+import java.net.SocketAddress;
+import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
+import java.nio.channels.Selector;
+import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
+import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.List;
+
+/**
+ * Reproduces O(N^2) behavior of JDK6/7 select() call. This happens when
+ * a selector has many unprocessed updates to its interest set (e.g. adding
+ * OP_READ on a bunch of newly accepted sockets). The O(N^2) is triggered
+ * by cancelling a number of selection keys (or just closing a few sockets).
+ * In this case, select() will first go through the list of cancelled keys
+ * and try to deregister them. That deregistration is O(N^2) over the list
+ * of unprocessed updates to the interest set.
+ *
+ * <p> This O(N^2) behavior is a BUG in JVM and should be fixed.
+ *
+ * <p> The test first creates initCount connections, and adds them
+ * to the server epoll set. It then creates massCount connections,
+ * registers interest (causing updateList to be populated with massCount*2
+ * elements), but does not add them to epoll set (that would've cleared
+ * updateList). The test then closes initCount connections, thus populating
+ * deregistration queue. The subsequent call to selectNow() will first process
+ * deregistration queue, performing O(N^2) over updateList size,
+ * equal to massCount * 2.
+ *
+ * <p> Note that connect rate is artificially slowed down to compensate
+ * for what I believe is a Linux bug, where too high of a connection rate
+ * ends up in SYN's being dropped and then slow retransmits.
+ *
+ * @author Igor Chernyshev
+ */
+public class LotsOfCancels {
+
+    static long testStartTime;
+
+    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
+        // the final select should run in less than 1000ms.
+        runTest(500, 2700, 1000);
+    }
+
+    static void log(String msg) {
+        System.out.println(getLogPrefix() + msg);
+    }
+
+    static String getLogPrefix() {
+        return durationMillis(testStartTime) + ": ";
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the elapsed time since startNanos, in milliseconds.
+     * @param startNanos the start time; this must be a value returned
+     * by {@link System.nanoTime}
+     */
+    static long durationMillis(long startNanos) {
+        return (System.nanoTime() - startNanos) / (1000L * 1000L);
+    }
+
+    static void runTest(int initCount, int massCount, int maxSelectTime)
+            throws Exception {
+        testStartTime = System.nanoTime();
+
+        InetSocketAddress address = new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1", 7359);
+
+        // Create server channel, add it to selector and run epoll_ctl.
+        log("Setting up server");
+        Selector serverSelector = Selector.open();
+        ServerSocketChannel server = ServerSocketChannel.open();
+        server.configureBlocking(false);
+        server.socket().bind(address, 5000);
+        server.register(serverSelector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
+        serverSelector.selectNow();
+
+        log("Setting up client");
+        ClientThread client = new ClientThread(address);
+        client.start();
+        Thread.sleep(100);
+
+        // Set up initial set of client sockets.
+        log("Starting initial client connections");
+        client.connectClients(initCount);
+        Thread.sleep(500);  // Wait for client connections to arrive
+
+        // Accept all initial client sockets, add to selector and run
+        // epoll_ctl.
+        log("Accepting initial connections");
+        List<SocketChannel> serverChannels1 =
+            acceptAndAddAll(serverSelector, server, initCount);
+        if (serverChannels1.size() != initCount) {
+            throw new Exception("Accepted " + serverChannels1.size() +
+                                " instead of " + initCount);
+        }
+        serverSelector.selectNow();
+
+        // Set up mass set of client sockets.
+        log("Requesting mass client connections");
+        client.connectClients(massCount);
+        Thread.sleep(500);  // Wait for client connections to arrive
+
+        // Accept all mass client sockets, add to selector and do NOT
+        // run epoll_ctl.
+        log("Accepting mass connections");
+        List<SocketChannel> serverChannels2 =
+            acceptAndAddAll(serverSelector, server, massCount);
+        if (serverChannels2.size() != massCount) {
+            throw new Exception("Accepted " + serverChannels2.size() +
+                                " instead of " + massCount);
+        }
+
+        // Close initial set of sockets.
+        log("Closing initial connections");
+        closeAll(serverChannels1);
+
+        // Now get the timing of select() call.
+        log("Running the final select call");
+        long startTime = System.nanoTime();
+        serverSelector.selectNow();
+        long duration = durationMillis(startTime);
+        log("Init count = " + initCount +
+            ", mass count = " + massCount +
+            ", duration = " + duration + "ms");
+
+        if (duration > maxSelectTime) {
+            System.out.println
+                ("\n\n\n\n\nFAILURE: The final selectNow() took " +
+                 duration + "ms " +
+                 "- seems like O(N^2) bug is still here\n\n");
+            System.exit(1);
+        }
+    }
+
+    static List<SocketChannel> acceptAndAddAll(Selector selector,
+                                               ServerSocketChannel server,
+                                               int expected)
+            throws Exception {
+        int retryCount = 0;
+        int acceptCount = 0;
+        List<SocketChannel> channels = new ArrayList<SocketChannel>();
+        while (channels.size() < expected) {
+            SocketChannel channel = server.accept();
+            if (channel == null) {
+                log("accept() returned null " +
+                    "after accepting " + acceptCount + " more connections");
+                acceptCount = 0;
+                if (retryCount < 10) {
+                    // See if more new sockets got stacked behind.
+                    retryCount++;
+                    Thread.sleep(500);
+                    continue;
+                }
+                break;
+            }
+            retryCount = 0;
+            acceptCount++;
+            channel.configureBlocking(false);
+            channel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
+            channels.add(channel);
+        }
+        // Cause an additional updateList entry per channel.
+        for (SocketChannel channel : channels) {
+            channel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_WRITE);
+        }
+        return channels;
+    }
+
+    static void closeAll(List<SocketChannel> channels)
+            throws Exception {
+        for (SocketChannel channel : channels) {
+            channel.close();
+        }
+    }
+
+    static class ClientThread extends Thread {
+        private final SocketAddress address;
+        private final Selector selector;
+        private int connectionsNeeded;
+        private int totalCreated;
+
+        ClientThread(SocketAddress address) throws Exception {
+            this.address = address;
+            selector = Selector.open();
+            setDaemon(true);
+        }
+
+        void connectClients(int count) throws Exception {
+            synchronized (this) {
+                connectionsNeeded += count;
+            }
+            selector.wakeup();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        public void run() {
+            try {
+                handleClients();
+            } catch (Throwable e) {
+                e.printStackTrace();
+                System.exit(1);
+            }
+        }
+
+        private void handleClients() throws Exception {
+            int selectCount = 0;
+            while (true) {
+                int createdCount = 0;
+                synchronized (this) {
+                    if (connectionsNeeded > 0) {
+
+                        while (connectionsNeeded > 0 && createdCount < 20) {
+                            connectionsNeeded--;
+                            createdCount++;
+                            totalCreated++;
+
+                            SocketChannel channel = SocketChannel.open();
+                            channel.configureBlocking(false);
+                            channel.connect(address);
+                            if (!channel.finishConnect()) {
+                                channel.register(selector,
+                                                 SelectionKey.OP_CONNECT);
+                            }
+                        }
+
+                        log("Started total of " +
+                            totalCreated + " client connections");
+                        Thread.sleep(200);
+                    }
+                }
+
+                if (createdCount > 0) {
+                    selector.selectNow();
+                } else {
+                    selectCount++;
+                    long startTime = System.nanoTime();
+                    selector.select();
+                    long duration = durationMillis(startTime);
+                    log("Exited clientSelector.select(), loop #"
+                        + selectCount + ", duration = " + duration + "ms");
+                }
+
+                int keyCount = -1;
+                Iterator<SelectionKey> keys =
+                    selector.selectedKeys().iterator();
+                while (keys.hasNext()) {
+                    SelectionKey key = keys.next();
+                    synchronized (key) {
+                        keyCount++;
+                        keys.remove();
+                        if (!key.isValid()) {
+                            log("Ignoring client key #" + keyCount);
+                            continue;
+                        }
+                        int readyOps = key.readyOps();
+                        if (readyOps == SelectionKey.OP_CONNECT) {
+                            key.interestOps(0);
+                            ((SocketChannel) key.channel()).finishConnect();
+                        } else {
+                            log("readyOps() on client key #" + keyCount +
+                                " returned " + readyOps);
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        }
+    }
+}