changeset 2167:41d4973cf100

6942326: x86 code in string_indexof() could read beyond reserved heap space Summary: copy small (<8) strings on stack if str+16 crosses a page boundary and load from stack into XMM. Back up pointer when loading string's tail. Reviewed-by: never
author kvn
date Sat, 26 Feb 2011 12:10:54 -0800
parents 8190d4b75e09
children 1b4e6a5d98e0
files src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.cpp src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.hpp src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_32.ad src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_64.ad src/share/vm/opto/library_call.cpp src/share/vm/opto/memnode.cpp test/compiler/6942326/Test.java
diffstat 7 files changed, 955 insertions(+), 114 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.cpp	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.cpp	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1601,6 +1601,17 @@
   emit_byte(0xC0 | encode);
 }
 
+void Assembler::movdl(XMMRegister dst, Address src) {
+  NOT_LP64(assert(VM_Version::supports_sse2(), ""));
+  InstructionMark im(this);
+  emit_byte(0x66);
+  prefix(src, dst);
+  emit_byte(0x0F);
+  emit_byte(0x6E);
+  emit_operand(dst, src);
+}
+
+
 void Assembler::movdqa(XMMRegister dst, Address src) {
   NOT_LP64(assert(VM_Version::supports_sse2(), ""));
   InstructionMark im(this);
@@ -2412,7 +2423,10 @@
 }
 
 void Assembler::psrlq(XMMRegister dst, int shift) {
-  // HMM Table D-1 says sse2 or mmx
+  // Shift 64 bit value logically right by specified number of bits.
+  // HMM Table D-1 says sse2 or mmx.
+  // Do not confuse it with psrldq SSE2 instruction which
+  // shifts 128 bit value in xmm register by number of bytes.
   NOT_LP64(assert(VM_Version::supports_sse(), ""));
 
   int encode = prefixq_and_encode(xmm2->encoding(), dst->encoding());
@@ -2423,6 +2437,18 @@
   emit_byte(shift);
 }
 
+void Assembler::psrldq(XMMRegister dst, int shift) {
+  // Shift 128 bit value in xmm register by number of bytes.
+  NOT_LP64(assert(VM_Version::supports_sse2(), ""));
+
+  int encode = prefixq_and_encode(xmm3->encoding(), dst->encoding());
+  emit_byte(0x66);
+  emit_byte(0x0F);
+  emit_byte(0x73);
+  emit_byte(0xC0 | encode);
+  emit_byte(shift);
+}
+
 void Assembler::ptest(XMMRegister dst, Address src) {
   assert(VM_Version::supports_sse4_1(), "");
 
@@ -8567,101 +8593,418 @@
 }
 #endif // _LP64
 
-// IndexOf substring.
-void MacroAssembler::string_indexof(Register str1, Register str2,
-                                    Register cnt1, Register cnt2, Register result,
-                                    XMMRegister vec, Register tmp) {
+// IndexOf for constant substrings with size >= 8 chars
+// which don't need to be loaded through stack.
+void MacroAssembler::string_indexofC8(Register str1, Register str2,
+                                      Register cnt1, Register cnt2,
+                                      int int_cnt2,  Register result,
+                                      XMMRegister vec, Register tmp) {
   assert(UseSSE42Intrinsics, "SSE4.2 is required");
 
-  Label RELOAD_SUBSTR, PREP_FOR_SCAN, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR,
-        SCAN_SUBSTR, RET_NOT_FOUND, CLEANUP;
-
-  push(str1); // string addr
-  push(str2); // substr addr
-  push(cnt2); // substr count
-  jmpb(PREP_FOR_SCAN);
-
-  // Substr count saved at sp
-  // Substr saved at sp+1*wordSize
-  // String saved at sp+2*wordSize
-
-  // Reload substr for rescan
-  bind(RELOAD_SUBSTR);
-  movl(cnt2, Address(rsp, 0));
-  movptr(str2, Address(rsp, wordSize));
-  // We came here after the beginninig of the substring was
-  // matched but the rest of it was not so we need to search
-  // again. Start from the next element after the previous match.
-  subptr(str1, result); // Restore counter
-  shrl(str1, 1);
-  addl(cnt1, str1);
-  decrementl(cnt1);
-  lea(str1, Address(result, 2)); // Reload string
-
-  // Load substr
-  bind(PREP_FOR_SCAN);
-  movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
-  addl(cnt1, 8);  // prime the loop
-  subptr(str1, 16);
-
-  // Scan string for substr in 16-byte vectors
-  bind(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
-  subl(cnt1, 8);
-  addptr(str1, 16);
-
-  // pcmpestri
+  // This method uses pcmpestri inxtruction with bound registers
   //   inputs:
   //     xmm - substring
   //     rax - substring length (elements count)
-  //     mem - scaned string
+  //     mem - scanned string
   //     rdx - string length (elements count)
   //     0xd - mode: 1100 (substring search) + 01 (unsigned shorts)
   //   outputs:
   //     rcx - matched index in string
   assert(cnt1 == rdx && cnt2 == rax && tmp == rcx, "pcmpestri");
 
-  pcmpestri(vec, Address(str1, 0), 0x0d);
-  jcc(Assembler::above, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);      // CF == 0 && ZF == 0
-  jccb(Assembler::aboveEqual, RET_NOT_FOUND); // CF == 0
-
-  // Fallthrough: found a potential substr
+  Label RELOAD_SUBSTR, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR, SCAN_SUBSTR,
+        RET_FOUND, RET_NOT_FOUND, EXIT, FOUND_SUBSTR,
+        MATCH_SUBSTR_HEAD, RELOAD_STR, FOUND_CANDIDATE;
+
+  // Note, inline_string_indexOf() generates checks:
+  // if (substr.count > string.count) return -1;
+  // if (substr.count == 0) return 0;
+  assert(int_cnt2 >= 8, "this code isused only for cnt2 >= 8 chars");
+
+  // Load substring.
+  movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
+  movl(cnt2, int_cnt2);
+  movptr(result, str1); // string addr
+
+  if (int_cnt2 > 8) {
+    jmpb(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+
+    // Reload substr for rescan, this code
+    // is executed only for large substrings (> 8 chars)
+    bind(RELOAD_SUBSTR);
+    movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
+    negptr(cnt2); // Jumped here with negative cnt2, convert to positive
+
+    bind(RELOAD_STR);
+    // We came here after the beginning of the substring was
+    // matched but the rest of it was not so we need to search
+    // again. Start from the next element after the previous match.
+
+    // cnt2 is number of substring reminding elements and
+    // cnt1 is number of string reminding elements when cmp failed.
+    // Restored cnt1 = cnt1 - cnt2 + int_cnt2
+    subl(cnt1, cnt2);
+    addl(cnt1, int_cnt2);
+    movl(cnt2, int_cnt2); // Now restore cnt2
+
+    decrementl(cnt1);     // Shift to next element
+    cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
+    jccb(Assembler::negative, RET_NOT_FOUND);  // Left less then substring
+
+    addptr(result, 2);
+
+  } // (int_cnt2 > 8)
+
+  // Scan string for start of substr in 16-byte vectors
+  bind(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+  pcmpestri(vec, Address(result, 0), 0x0d);
+  jccb(Assembler::below, FOUND_CANDIDATE);   // CF == 1
+  subl(cnt1, 8);
+  jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, RET_NOT_FOUND); // Scanned full string
+  cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
+  jccb(Assembler::negative, RET_NOT_FOUND);  // Left less then substring
+  addptr(result, 16);
+  jmpb(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+
+  // Found a potential substr
+  bind(FOUND_CANDIDATE);
+  // Matched whole vector if first element matched (tmp(rcx) == 0).
+  if (int_cnt2 == 8) {
+    jccb(Assembler::overflow, RET_FOUND);    // OF == 1
+  } else { // int_cnt2 > 8
+    jccb(Assembler::overflow, FOUND_SUBSTR);
+  }
+  // After pcmpestri tmp(rcx) contains matched element index
+  // Compute start addr of substr
+  lea(result, Address(result, tmp, Address::times_2));
 
   // Make sure string is still long enough
   subl(cnt1, tmp);
   cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
-  jccb(Assembler::negative, RET_NOT_FOUND);
-  // Compute start addr of substr
-  lea(str1, Address(str1, tmp, Address::times_2));
-  movptr(result, str1); // save
-
-  // Compare potential substr
-  addl(cnt1, 8);     // prime the loop
-  addl(cnt2, 8);
-  subptr(str1, 16);
-  subptr(str2, 16);
-
-  // Scan 16-byte vectors of string and substr
-  bind(SCAN_SUBSTR);
-  subl(cnt1, 8);
-  subl(cnt2, 8);
-  addptr(str1, 16);
-  addptr(str2, 16);
-  movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
-  pcmpestri(vec, Address(str1, 0), 0x0d);
-  jcc(Assembler::noOverflow, RELOAD_SUBSTR); // OF == 0
-  jcc(Assembler::positive, SCAN_SUBSTR);     // SF == 0
-
-  // Compute substr offset
-  subptr(result, Address(rsp, 2*wordSize));
-  shrl(result, 1); // index
-  jmpb(CLEANUP);
+  if (int_cnt2 == 8) {
+    jccb(Assembler::greaterEqual, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+  } else { // int_cnt2 > 8
+    jccb(Assembler::greaterEqual, MATCH_SUBSTR_HEAD);
+  }
+  // Left less then substring.
 
   bind(RET_NOT_FOUND);
   movl(result, -1);
+  jmpb(EXIT);
+
+  if (int_cnt2 > 8) {
+    // This code is optimized for the case when whole substring
+    // is matched if its head is matched.
+    bind(MATCH_SUBSTR_HEAD);
+    pcmpestri(vec, Address(result, 0), 0x0d);
+    // Reload only string if does not match
+    jccb(Assembler::noOverflow, RELOAD_STR); // OF == 0
+
+    Label CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR;
+    // Compare the rest of substring (> 8 chars).
+    bind(FOUND_SUBSTR);
+    // First 8 chars are already matched.
+    negptr(cnt2);
+    addptr(cnt2, 8);
+
+    bind(SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    subl(cnt1, 8);
+    cmpl(cnt2, -8); // Do not read beyond substring
+    jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    // Back-up strings to avoid reading beyond substring:
+    // cnt1 = cnt1 - cnt2 + 8
+    addl(cnt1, cnt2); // cnt2 is negative
+    addl(cnt1, 8);
+    movl(cnt2, 8); negptr(cnt2);
+    bind(CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    if (int_cnt2 < (int)G) {
+      movdqu(vec, Address(str2, cnt2, Address::times_2, int_cnt2*2));
+      pcmpestri(vec, Address(result, cnt2, Address::times_2, int_cnt2*2), 0x0d);
+    } else {
+      // calculate index in register to avoid integer overflow (int_cnt2*2)
+      movl(tmp, int_cnt2);
+      addptr(tmp, cnt2);
+      movdqu(vec, Address(str2, tmp, Address::times_2, 0));
+      pcmpestri(vec, Address(result, tmp, Address::times_2, 0), 0x0d);
+    }
+    // Need to reload strings pointers if not matched whole vector
+    jccb(Assembler::noOverflow, RELOAD_SUBSTR); // OF == 0
+    addptr(cnt2, 8);
+    jccb(Assembler::negative, SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    // Fall through if found full substring
+
+  } // (int_cnt2 > 8)
+
+  bind(RET_FOUND);
+  // Found result if we matched full small substring.
+  // Compute substr offset
+  subptr(result, str1);
+  shrl(result, 1); // index
+  bind(EXIT);
+
+} // string_indexofC8
+
+// Small strings are loaded through stack if they cross page boundary.
+void MacroAssembler::string_indexof(Register str1, Register str2,
+                                    Register cnt1, Register cnt2,
+                                    int int_cnt2,  Register result,
+                                    XMMRegister vec, Register tmp) {
+  assert(UseSSE42Intrinsics, "SSE4.2 is required");
+  //
+  // int_cnt2 is length of small (< 8 chars) constant substring
+  // or (-1) for non constant substring in which case its length
+  // is in cnt2 register.
+  //
+  // Note, inline_string_indexOf() generates checks:
+  // if (substr.count > string.count) return -1;
+  // if (substr.count == 0) return 0;
+  //
+  assert(int_cnt2 == -1 || (0 < int_cnt2 && int_cnt2 < 8), "should be != 0");
+
+  // This method uses pcmpestri inxtruction with bound registers
+  //   inputs:
+  //     xmm - substring
+  //     rax - substring length (elements count)
+  //     mem - scanned string
+  //     rdx - string length (elements count)
+  //     0xd - mode: 1100 (substring search) + 01 (unsigned shorts)
+  //   outputs:
+  //     rcx - matched index in string
+  assert(cnt1 == rdx && cnt2 == rax && tmp == rcx, "pcmpestri");
+
+  Label RELOAD_SUBSTR, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR, SCAN_SUBSTR, ADJUST_STR,
+        RET_FOUND, RET_NOT_FOUND, CLEANUP, FOUND_SUBSTR,
+        FOUND_CANDIDATE;
+
+  { //========================================================
+    // We don't know where these strings are located
+    // and we can't read beyond them. Load them through stack.
+    Label BIG_STRINGS, CHECK_STR, COPY_SUBSTR, COPY_STR;
+
+    movptr(tmp, rsp); // save old SP
+
+    if (int_cnt2 > 0) {     // small (< 8 chars) constant substring
+      if (int_cnt2 == 1) {  // One char
+        load_unsigned_short(result, Address(str2, 0));
+        movdl(vec, result); // move 32 bits
+      } else if (int_cnt2 == 2) { // Two chars
+        movdl(vec, Address(str2, 0)); // move 32 bits
+      } else if (int_cnt2 == 4) { // Four chars
+        movq(vec, Address(str2, 0));  // move 64 bits
+      } else { // cnt2 = { 3, 5, 6, 7 }
+        // Array header size is 12 bytes in 32-bit VM
+        // + 6 bytes for 3 chars == 18 bytes,
+        // enough space to load vec and shift.
+        assert(HeapWordSize*typeArrayKlass::header_size() >= 12,"sanity");
+        movdqu(vec, Address(str2, (int_cnt2*2)-16));
+        psrldq(vec, 16-(int_cnt2*2));
+      }
+    } else { // not constant substring
+      cmpl(cnt2, 8);
+      jccb(Assembler::aboveEqual, BIG_STRINGS); // Both strings are big enough
+
+      // We can read beyond string if srt+16 does not cross page boundary
+      // since heaps are aligned and mapped by pages.
+      assert(os::vm_page_size() < (int)G, "default page should be small");
+      movl(result, str2); // We need only low 32 bits
+      andl(result, (os::vm_page_size()-1));
+      cmpl(result, (os::vm_page_size()-16));
+      jccb(Assembler::belowEqual, CHECK_STR);
+
+      // Move small strings to stack to allow load 16 bytes into vec.
+      subptr(rsp, 16);
+      int stk_offset = wordSize-2;
+      push(cnt2);
+
+      bind(COPY_SUBSTR);
+      load_unsigned_short(result, Address(str2, cnt2, Address::times_2, -2));
+      movw(Address(rsp, cnt2, Address::times_2, stk_offset), result);
+      decrement(cnt2);
+      jccb(Assembler::notZero, COPY_SUBSTR);
+
+      pop(cnt2);
+      movptr(str2, rsp);  // New substring address
+    } // non constant
+
+    bind(CHECK_STR);
+    cmpl(cnt1, 8);
+    jccb(Assembler::aboveEqual, BIG_STRINGS);
+
+    // Check cross page boundary.
+    movl(result, str1); // We need only low 32 bits
+    andl(result, (os::vm_page_size()-1));
+    cmpl(result, (os::vm_page_size()-16));
+    jccb(Assembler::belowEqual, BIG_STRINGS);
+
+    subptr(rsp, 16);
+    int stk_offset = -2;
+    if (int_cnt2 < 0) { // not constant
+      push(cnt2);
+      stk_offset += wordSize;
+    }
+    movl(cnt2, cnt1);
+
+    bind(COPY_STR);
+    load_unsigned_short(result, Address(str1, cnt2, Address::times_2, -2));
+    movw(Address(rsp, cnt2, Address::times_2, stk_offset), result);
+    decrement(cnt2);
+    jccb(Assembler::notZero, COPY_STR);
+
+    if (int_cnt2 < 0) { // not constant
+      pop(cnt2);
+    }
+    movptr(str1, rsp);  // New string address
+
+    bind(BIG_STRINGS);
+    // Load substring.
+    if (int_cnt2 < 0) { // -1
+      movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
+      push(cnt2);       // substr count
+      push(str2);       // substr addr
+      push(str1);       // string addr
+    } else {
+      // Small (< 8 chars) constant substrings are loaded already.
+      movl(cnt2, int_cnt2);
+    }
+    push(tmp);  // original SP
+
+  } // Finished loading
+
+  //========================================================
+  // Start search
+  //
+
+  movptr(result, str1); // string addr
+
+  if (int_cnt2  < 0) {  // Only for non constant substring
+    jmpb(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+
+    // SP saved at sp+0
+    // String saved at sp+1*wordSize
+    // Substr saved at sp+2*wordSize
+    // Substr count saved at sp+3*wordSize
+
+    // Reload substr for rescan, this code
+    // is executed only for large substrings (> 8 chars)
+    bind(RELOAD_SUBSTR);
+    movptr(str2, Address(rsp, 2*wordSize));
+    movl(cnt2, Address(rsp, 3*wordSize));
+    movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
+    // We came here after the beginning of the substring was
+    // matched but the rest of it was not so we need to search
+    // again. Start from the next element after the previous match.
+    subptr(str1, result); // Restore counter
+    shrl(str1, 1);
+    addl(cnt1, str1);
+    decrementl(cnt1);   // Shift to next element
+    cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
+    jccb(Assembler::negative, RET_NOT_FOUND);  // Left less then substring
+
+    addptr(result, 2);
+  } // non constant
+
+  // Scan string for start of substr in 16-byte vectors
+  bind(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+  assert(cnt1 == rdx && cnt2 == rax && tmp == rcx, "pcmpestri");
+  pcmpestri(vec, Address(result, 0), 0x0d);
+  jccb(Assembler::below, FOUND_CANDIDATE);   // CF == 1
+  subl(cnt1, 8);
+  jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, RET_NOT_FOUND); // Scanned full string
+  cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
+  jccb(Assembler::negative, RET_NOT_FOUND);  // Left less then substring
+  addptr(result, 16);
+
+  bind(ADJUST_STR);
+  cmpl(cnt1, 8); // Do not read beyond string
+  jccb(Assembler::greaterEqual, SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+  // Back-up string to avoid reading beyond string.
+  lea(result, Address(result, cnt1, Address::times_2, -16));
+  movl(cnt1, 8);
+  jmpb(SCAN_TO_SUBSTR);
+
+  // Found a potential substr
+  bind(FOUND_CANDIDATE);
+  // After pcmpestri tmp(rcx) contains matched element index
+
+  // Make sure string is still long enough
+  subl(cnt1, tmp);
+  cmpl(cnt1, cnt2);
+  jccb(Assembler::greaterEqual, FOUND_SUBSTR);
+  // Left less then substring.
+
+  bind(RET_NOT_FOUND);
+  movl(result, -1);
+  jmpb(CLEANUP);
+
+  bind(FOUND_SUBSTR);
+  // Compute start addr of substr
+  lea(result, Address(result, tmp, Address::times_2));
+
+  if (int_cnt2 > 0) { // Constant substring
+    // Repeat search for small substring (< 8 chars)
+    // from new point without reloading substring.
+    // Have to check that we don't read beyond string.
+    cmpl(tmp, 8-int_cnt2);
+    jccb(Assembler::greater, ADJUST_STR);
+    // Fall through if matched whole substring.
+  } else { // non constant
+    assert(int_cnt2 == -1, "should be != 0");
+
+    addl(tmp, cnt2);
+    // Found result if we matched whole substring.
+    cmpl(tmp, 8);
+    jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, RET_FOUND);
+
+    // Repeat search for small substring (<= 8 chars)
+    // from new point 'str1' without reloading substring.
+    cmpl(cnt2, 8);
+    // Have to check that we don't read beyond string.
+    jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, ADJUST_STR);
+
+    Label CHECK_NEXT, CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR, RET_FOUND_LONG;
+    // Compare the rest of substring (> 8 chars).
+    movptr(str1, result);
+
+    cmpl(tmp, cnt2);
+    // First 8 chars are already matched.
+    jccb(Assembler::equal, CHECK_NEXT);
+
+    bind(SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    pcmpestri(vec, Address(str1, 0), 0x0d);
+    // Need to reload strings pointers if not matched whole vector
+    jcc(Assembler::noOverflow, RELOAD_SUBSTR); // OF == 0
+
+    bind(CHECK_NEXT);
+    subl(cnt2, 8);
+    jccb(Assembler::lessEqual, RET_FOUND_LONG); // Found full substring
+    addptr(str1, 16);
+    addptr(str2, 16);
+    subl(cnt1, 8);
+    cmpl(cnt2, 8); // Do not read beyond substring
+    jccb(Assembler::greaterEqual, CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    // Back-up strings to avoid reading beyond substring.
+    lea(str2, Address(str2, cnt2, Address::times_2, -16));
+    lea(str1, Address(str1, cnt2, Address::times_2, -16));
+    subl(cnt1, cnt2);
+    movl(cnt2, 8);
+    addl(cnt1, 8);
+    bind(CONT_SCAN_SUBSTR);
+    movdqu(vec, Address(str2, 0));
+    jmpb(SCAN_SUBSTR);
+
+    bind(RET_FOUND_LONG);
+    movptr(str1, Address(rsp, wordSize));
+  } // non constant
+
+  bind(RET_FOUND);
+  // Compute substr offset
+  subptr(result, str1);
+  shrl(result, 1); // index
 
   bind(CLEANUP);
-  addptr(rsp, 3*wordSize);
-}
+  pop(rsp); // restore SP
+
+} // string_indexof
 
 // Compare strings.
 void MacroAssembler::string_compare(Register str1, Register str2,
--- a/src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.hpp	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/cpu/x86/vm/assembler_x86.hpp	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1121,6 +1121,7 @@
 
   void movdl(XMMRegister dst, Register src);
   void movdl(Register dst, XMMRegister src);
+  void movdl(XMMRegister dst, Address src);
 
   // Move Double Quadword
   void movdq(XMMRegister dst, Register src);
@@ -1288,9 +1289,12 @@
   void pshuflw(XMMRegister dst, XMMRegister src, int mode);
   void pshuflw(XMMRegister dst, Address src,     int mode);
 
-  // Shift Right Logical Quadword Immediate
+  // Shift Right by bits Logical Quadword Immediate
   void psrlq(XMMRegister dst, int shift);
 
+  // Shift Right by bytes Logical DoubleQuadword Immediate
+  void psrldq(XMMRegister dst, int shift);
+
   // Logical Compare Double Quadword
   void ptest(XMMRegister dst, XMMRegister src);
   void ptest(XMMRegister dst, Address src);
@@ -2290,10 +2294,22 @@
   void movl2ptr(Register dst, Register src) { LP64_ONLY(movslq(dst, src)) NOT_LP64(if (dst != src) movl(dst, src)); }
 
   // IndexOf strings.
+  // Small strings are loaded through stack if they cross page boundary.
   void string_indexof(Register str1, Register str2,
-                      Register cnt1, Register cnt2, Register result,
+                      Register cnt1, Register cnt2,
+                      int int_cnt2,  Register result,
                       XMMRegister vec, Register tmp);
 
+  // IndexOf for constant substrings with size >= 8 elements
+  // which don't need to be loaded through stack.
+  void string_indexofC8(Register str1, Register str2,
+                      Register cnt1, Register cnt2,
+                      int int_cnt2,  Register result,
+                      XMMRegister vec, Register tmp);
+
+    // Smallest code: we don't need to load through stack,
+    // check string tail.
+
   // Compare strings.
   void string_compare(Register str1, Register str2,
                       Register cnt1, Register cnt2, Register result,
--- a/src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_32.ad	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_32.ad	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 //
-// Copyright (c) 1997, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+// Copyright (c) 1997, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 // DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 //
 // This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -12658,17 +12658,46 @@
   ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
 %}
 
+// fast search of substring with known size.
+instruct string_indexof_con(eDIRegP str1, eDXRegI cnt1, eSIRegP str2, immI int_cnt2,
+                            eBXRegI result, regXD vec, eAXRegI cnt2, eCXRegI tmp, eFlagsReg cr) %{
+  predicate(UseSSE42Intrinsics);
+  match(Set result (StrIndexOf (Binary str1 cnt1) (Binary str2 int_cnt2)));
+  effect(TEMP vec, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, KILL cnt2, KILL tmp, KILL cr);
+
+  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$int_cnt2 -> $result   // KILL $vec, $cnt1, $cnt2, $tmp" %}
+  ins_encode %{
+    int icnt2 = (int)$int_cnt2$$constant;
+    if (icnt2 >= 8) {
+      // IndexOf for constant substrings with size >= 8 elements
+      // which don't need to be loaded through stack.
+      __ string_indexofC8($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
+                          $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                          icnt2, $result$$Register,
+                          $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
+    } else {
+      // Small strings are loaded through stack if they cross page boundary.
+      __ string_indexof($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
+                        $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                        icnt2, $result$$Register,
+                        $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
+    }
+  %}
+  ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
+%}
+
 instruct string_indexof(eDIRegP str1, eDXRegI cnt1, eSIRegP str2, eAXRegI cnt2,
-                        eBXRegI result, regXD tmp1, eCXRegI tmp2, eFlagsReg cr) %{
+                        eBXRegI result, regXD vec, eCXRegI tmp, eFlagsReg cr) %{
   predicate(UseSSE42Intrinsics);
   match(Set result (StrIndexOf (Binary str1 cnt1) (Binary str2 cnt2)));
-  effect(TEMP tmp1, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, USE_KILL cnt2, KILL tmp2, KILL cr);
-
-  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$cnt2 -> $result   // KILL $tmp2, $tmp1" %}
+  effect(TEMP vec, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, USE_KILL cnt2, KILL tmp, KILL cr);
+
+  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$cnt2 -> $result   // KILL all" %}
   ins_encode %{
     __ string_indexof($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
-                      $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register, $result$$Register,
-                      $tmp1$$XMMRegister, $tmp2$$Register);
+                      $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                      (-1), $result$$Register,
+                      $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
   %}
   ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
 %}
--- a/src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_64.ad	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/cpu/x86/vm/x86_64.ad	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 //
-// Copyright (c) 2003, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+// Copyright (c) 2003, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 // DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 //
 // This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -11598,18 +11598,48 @@
   ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
 %}
 
+// fast search of substring with known size.
+instruct string_indexof_con(rdi_RegP str1, rdx_RegI cnt1, rsi_RegP str2, immI int_cnt2,
+                            rbx_RegI result, regD vec, rax_RegI cnt2, rcx_RegI tmp, rFlagsReg cr)
+%{
+  predicate(UseSSE42Intrinsics);
+  match(Set result (StrIndexOf (Binary str1 cnt1) (Binary str2 int_cnt2)));
+  effect(TEMP vec, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, KILL cnt2, KILL tmp, KILL cr);
+
+  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$int_cnt2 -> $result   // KILL $vec, $cnt1, $cnt2, $tmp" %}
+  ins_encode %{
+    int icnt2 = (int)$int_cnt2$$constant;
+    if (icnt2 >= 8) {
+      // IndexOf for constant substrings with size >= 8 elements
+      // which don't need to be loaded through stack.
+      __ string_indexofC8($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
+                          $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                          icnt2, $result$$Register,
+                          $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
+    } else {
+      // Small strings are loaded through stack if they cross page boundary.
+      __ string_indexof($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
+                        $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                        icnt2, $result$$Register,
+                        $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
+    }
+  %}
+  ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
+%}
+
 instruct string_indexof(rdi_RegP str1, rdx_RegI cnt1, rsi_RegP str2, rax_RegI cnt2,
-                        rbx_RegI result, regD tmp1, rcx_RegI tmp2, rFlagsReg cr)
+                        rbx_RegI result, regD vec, rcx_RegI tmp, rFlagsReg cr)
 %{
   predicate(UseSSE42Intrinsics);
   match(Set result (StrIndexOf (Binary str1 cnt1) (Binary str2 cnt2)));
-  effect(TEMP tmp1, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, USE_KILL cnt2, KILL tmp2, KILL cr);
-
-  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$cnt2 -> $result   // KILL $tmp1, $tmp2" %}
+  effect(TEMP vec, USE_KILL str1, USE_KILL str2, USE_KILL cnt1, USE_KILL cnt2, KILL tmp, KILL cr);
+
+  format %{ "String IndexOf $str1,$cnt1,$str2,$cnt2 -> $result   // KILL all" %}
   ins_encode %{
     __ string_indexof($str1$$Register, $str2$$Register,
-                      $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register, $result$$Register,
-                      $tmp1$$XMMRegister, $tmp2$$Register);
+                      $cnt1$$Register, $cnt2$$Register,
+                      (-1), $result$$Register,
+                      $vec$$XMMRegister, $tmp$$Register);
   %}
   ins_pipe( pipe_slow );
 %}
--- a/src/share/vm/opto/library_call.cpp	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/share/vm/opto/library_call.cpp	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 1999, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 1999, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
  *
  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -1193,7 +1193,7 @@
   Node* result;
   // Disable the use of pcmpestri until it can be guaranteed that
   // the load doesn't cross into the uncommited space.
-  if (false && Matcher::has_match_rule(Op_StrIndexOf) &&
+  if (Matcher::has_match_rule(Op_StrIndexOf) &&
       UseSSE42Intrinsics) {
     // Generate SSE4.2 version of indexOf
     // We currently only have match rules that use SSE4.2
@@ -1211,14 +1211,14 @@
       return true;
     }
 
+    ciInstanceKlass* str_klass = env()->String_klass();
+    const TypeOopPtr* string_type = TypeOopPtr::make_from_klass(str_klass);
+
     // Make the merge point
-    RegionNode* result_rgn = new (C, 3) RegionNode(3);
-    Node*       result_phi = new (C, 3) PhiNode(result_rgn, TypeInt::INT);
+    RegionNode* result_rgn = new (C, 4) RegionNode(4);
+    Node*       result_phi = new (C, 4) PhiNode(result_rgn, TypeInt::INT);
     Node* no_ctrl  = NULL;
 
-    ciInstanceKlass* klass = env()->String_klass();
-    const TypeOopPtr* string_type = TypeOopPtr::make_from_klass(klass);
-
     // Get counts for string and substr
     Node* source_cnta = basic_plus_adr(receiver, receiver, count_offset);
     Node* source_cnt  = make_load(no_ctrl, source_cnta, TypeInt::INT, T_INT, string_type->add_offset(count_offset));
@@ -1236,6 +1236,17 @@
     }
 
     if (!stopped()) {
+      // Check for substr count == 0
+      cmp = _gvn.transform( new(C, 3) CmpINode(substr_cnt, intcon(0)) );
+      bol = _gvn.transform( new(C, 2) BoolNode(cmp, BoolTest::eq) );
+      Node* if_zero = generate_slow_guard(bol, NULL);
+      if (if_zero != NULL) {
+        result_phi->init_req(3, intcon(0));
+        result_rgn->init_req(3, if_zero);
+      }
+    }
+
+    if (!stopped()) {
       result = make_string_method_node(Op_StrIndexOf, receiver, source_cnt, argument, substr_cnt);
       result_phi->init_req(1, result);
       result_rgn->init_req(1, control());
@@ -1244,8 +1255,8 @@
     record_for_igvn(result_rgn);
     result = _gvn.transform(result_phi);
 
-  } else { //Use LibraryCallKit::string_indexOf
-    // don't intrinsify is argument isn't a constant string.
+  } else { // Use LibraryCallKit::string_indexOf
+    // don't intrinsify if argument isn't a constant string.
     if (!argument->is_Con()) {
      return false;
     }
@@ -1281,7 +1292,7 @@
     // No null check on the argument is needed since it's a constant String oop.
     _sp -= 2;
     if (stopped()) {
-     return true;
+      return true;
     }
 
     // The null string as a pattern always returns 0 (match at beginning of string)
--- a/src/share/vm/opto/memnode.cpp	Thu Feb 24 14:49:34 2011 -0800
+++ b/src/share/vm/opto/memnode.cpp	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 1997, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 1997, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
  *
  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
@@ -1559,21 +1559,24 @@
             phase->C->has_unsafe_access(),
             "Field accesses must be precise" );
     // For oop loads, we expect the _type to be precise
-    if (OptimizeStringConcat && klass == phase->C->env()->String_klass() &&
+    if (klass == phase->C->env()->String_klass() &&
         adr->is_AddP() && off != Type::OffsetBot) {
-      // For constant Strings treat the fields as compile time constants.
+      // For constant Strings treat the final fields as compile time constants.
       Node* base = adr->in(AddPNode::Base);
       const TypeOopPtr* t = phase->type(base)->isa_oopptr();
       if (t != NULL && t->singleton()) {
-        ciObject* string = t->const_oop();
-        ciConstant constant = string->as_instance()->field_value_by_offset(off);
-        if (constant.basic_type() == T_INT) {
-          return TypeInt::make(constant.as_int());
-        } else if (constant.basic_type() == T_ARRAY) {
-          if (adr->bottom_type()->is_ptr_to_narrowoop()) {
-            return TypeNarrowOop::make_from_constant(constant.as_object());
-          } else {
-            return TypeOopPtr::make_from_constant(constant.as_object());
+        ciField* field = phase->C->env()->String_klass()->get_field_by_offset(off, false);
+        if (field != NULL && field->is_final()) {
+          ciObject* string = t->const_oop();
+          ciConstant constant = string->as_instance()->field_value(field);
+          if (constant.basic_type() == T_INT) {
+            return TypeInt::make(constant.as_int());
+          } else if (constant.basic_type() == T_ARRAY) {
+            if (adr->bottom_type()->is_ptr_to_narrowoop()) {
+              return TypeNarrowOop::make_from_constant(constant.as_object());
+            } else {
+              return TypeOopPtr::make_from_constant(constant.as_object());
+            }
           }
         }
       }
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/compiler/6942326/Test.java	Sat Feb 26 12:10:54 2011 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,409 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @test
+ * @bug 6942326
+ * @summary x86 code in string_indexof() could read beyond reserved heap space
+ *
+ * @run main/othervm/timeout=300 -Xmx32m -Xbatch -XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,main -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_varsub_indexof -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_varstr_indexof -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_missub_indexof -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_consub_indexof -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_conmis_indexof -XX:CompileCommand=exclude,Test,test_subcon Test
+ *
+ */
+
+public class Test {
+
+    static String[] strings = new String[1024];
+    private static final int ITERATIONS = 100000;
+
+    public static void main(String[] args) {
+
+        long start_total = System.currentTimeMillis();
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (33 chars).
+        String a = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx11y"; // +1 to execute a.substring(1) first
+        String b =  "1111111111111xx1111111111111xx11y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (32 chars).
+        a = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        b =  "1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (17 chars).
+        a = " 1111111111111xx1y";
+        b =  "1111111111111xx1y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (16 chars).
+        a = " 111111111111xx1y";
+        b =  "111111111111xx1y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (8 chars).
+        a = " 1111xx1y";
+        b =  "1111xx1y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search variable size substring in string (7 chars).
+        a = " 111xx1y";
+        b =  "111xx1y";
+        test_varsub_indexof(a, b);
+
+
+
+        // search substring (17 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                 "1111111111111xx1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x"; // +1 to execute b.substring(1) first
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (16 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                  "111111111111xx1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (9 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                         "11111xx1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (8 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                          "1111xx1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (4 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                              "xx1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (3 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                               "x1x";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search substring (2 chars) in variable size string.
+        a =                                "1y";
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        test_varstr_indexof(a, b);
+
+
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (33 chars).
+        a = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx11z"; // +1 to execute a.substring(1) first
+        b =  "1111111111111xx1111111111111xx11y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (32 chars).
+        a = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        b =  "1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (17 chars).
+        a = " 1111111111111xx1z";
+        b =  "1111111111111xx1y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (16 chars).
+        a = " 111111111111xx1z";
+        b =  "111111111111xx1y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (8 chars).
+        a = " 1111xx1z";
+        b =  "1111xx1y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+        // search non matching variable size substring in string (7 chars).
+        a = " 111xx1z";
+        b =  "111xx1y";
+        test_missub_indexof(a, b);
+
+
+
+        // Testing constant substring search in variable size string.
+
+        // search constant substring (17 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x"; // +1 to execute b.substring(1) first
+        TestCon tc = new TestCon17();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (16 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        tc = new TestCon16();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (9 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        tc = new TestCon9();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (8 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        tc = new TestCon8();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (4 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        tc = new TestCon4();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (3 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1x";
+        tc = new TestCon3();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (2 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        tc = new TestCon2();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search constant substring (1 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1y";
+        tc = new TestCon1();
+        test_consub_indexof(tc, b);
+
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (17 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z"; // +1 to execute b.substring(1) first
+        tc = new TestCon17();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (16 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon16();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (9 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon9();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (8 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon8();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (4 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon4();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (3 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon3();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (2 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon2();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        // search non matching constant substring (1 chars).
+        b = " 1111111111111xx1111111111111xx1z";
+        tc = new TestCon1();
+        test_conmis_indexof(tc, b);
+
+        long end_total = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End run time: " + (end_total - start_total));
+
+    }
+
+    public static long test_init(String a, String b) {
+        for (int i = 0; i < 512; i++) {
+            strings[i * 2] = new String(b.toCharArray());
+            strings[i * 2 + 1] = new String(a.toCharArray());
+        }
+        System.out.print(a.length() + " " + b.length() + " ");
+        return System.currentTimeMillis();
+    }
+
+    public static void test_end(String a, String b, int v, int expected, long start) {
+        long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int res = (v/ITERATIONS);
+        System.out.print(" " + res);
+        System.out.println(" time:" + (end - start));
+        if (res != expected) {
+            System.out.println("wrong indexOf result: " + res + ", expected " + expected);
+            System.out.println("\"" + b + "\".indexOf(\"" + a + "\")");
+            System.exit(97);
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static int test_subvar() {
+        int s = 0;
+        int v = 0;
+        for (int i = 0; i < ITERATIONS; i++) {
+            v += strings[s].indexOf(strings[s + 1]);
+            s += 2;
+            if (s >= strings.length) s = 0;
+        }
+        return v;
+    }
+
+    public static void test_varsub_indexof(String a, String b) {
+        System.out.println("Start search variable size substring in string (" + b.length() + " chars)");
+        long start_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int limit = 1; // last a.length() == 1
+        while (a.length() > limit) {
+            a = a.substring(1);
+            long start = test_init(a, b);
+            int v = test_subvar();
+            test_end(a, b, v, (b.length() - a.length()), start);
+        }
+        long end_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End search variable size substring in string (" + b.length() + " chars), time: " + (end_it - start_it));
+    }
+
+    public static void test_varstr_indexof(String a, String b) {
+        System.out.println("Start search substring (" + a.length() + " chars) in variable size string");
+        long start_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int limit = a.length();
+        while (b.length() > limit) {
+            b = b.substring(1);
+            long start = test_init(a, b);
+            int v = test_subvar();
+            test_end(a, b, v, (b.length() - a.length()), start);
+        }
+        long end_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End search substring (" + a.length() + " chars) in variable size string, time: " + (end_it - start_it));
+    }
+
+    public static void test_missub_indexof(String a, String b) {
+        System.out.println("Start search non matching variable size substring in string (" + b.length() + " chars)");
+        long start_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int limit = 1; // last a.length() == 1
+        while (a.length() > limit) {
+            a = a.substring(1);
+            long start = test_init(a, b);
+            int v = test_subvar();
+            test_end(a, b, v, (-1), start);
+        }
+        long end_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End search non matching variable size substring in string (" + b.length() + " chars), time: " + (end_it - start_it));
+    }
+
+
+
+    public static void test_consub_indexof(TestCon tc, String b) {
+        System.out.println("Start search constant substring (" + tc.constr().length() + " chars)");
+        long start_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int limit = tc.constr().length();
+        while (b.length() > limit) {
+            b = b.substring(1);
+            long start = test_init(tc.constr(), b);
+            int v = test_subcon(tc);
+            test_end(tc.constr(), b, v, (b.length() - tc.constr().length()), start);
+        }
+        long end_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End search constant substring (" + tc.constr().length() + " chars), time: " + (end_it - start_it));
+    }
+
+    public static void test_conmis_indexof(TestCon tc, String b) {
+        System.out.println("Start search non matching constant substring (" + tc.constr().length() + " chars)");
+        long start_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int limit = tc.constr().length();
+        while (b.length() > limit) {
+            b = b.substring(1);
+            long start = test_init(tc.constr(), b);
+            int v = test_subcon(tc);
+            test_end(tc.constr(), b, v, (-1), start);
+        }
+        long end_it = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        System.out.println("End search non matching constant substring (" + tc.constr().length() + " chars), time: " + (end_it - start_it));
+    }
+
+    public static int test_subcon(TestCon tc) {
+        int s = 0;
+        int v = 0;
+        for (int i = 0; i < ITERATIONS; i++) {
+            v += tc.indexOf(strings[s]);
+            s += 2;
+            if (s >= strings.length) s = 0;
+        }
+        return v;
+    }
+
+    private interface TestCon {
+        public String constr();
+        public int indexOf(String str);
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (17 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon17 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "1111111111111xx1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (16 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon16 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "111111111111xx1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (9 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon9 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "11111xx1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (8 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon8 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "1111xx1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (4 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon4 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "xx1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (3 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon3 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "x1x";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+    // search constant substring (2 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon2 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "1y";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+
+
+    // search constant substring (1 chars).
+    private final static class TestCon1 implements TestCon {
+        private static final String constr = "y";
+        public String constr() { return constr; }
+        public int indexOf(String str) { return str.indexOf(constr); }
+    }
+}
+