view src/share/vm/runtime/globals.hpp @ 4419:754c24457b20

7112912: Message "Error occurred during initialization of VM" on boxes with lots of RAM Summary: Ergonomics now also takes available virtual memory into account when deciding for a heap size. The helper method to determine the maximum allocatable memory block now uses the appropriate OS specific calls to retrieve available virtual memory for the java process. In 32 bit environments this method now also searches for the maximum actually reservable amount of memory. Merge previously separate implementations for Linux/BSD/Solaris into a single method. Reviewed-by: jmasa, tamao
author tschatzl
date Wed, 27 Mar 2013 19:21:18 +0100
parents 2e093b564241
children 15c04fe93c18
line wrap: on
line source
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1997, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

#ifndef SHARE_VM_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP
#define SHARE_VM_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP

#include "utilities/debug.hpp"

// use this for flags that are true per default in the tiered build
// but false in non-tiered builds, and vice versa
#ifdef TIERED
#define  trueInTiered true
#define falseInTiered false
#else
#define  trueInTiered false
#define falseInTiered true
#endif

#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_x86
# include "globals_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_sparc
# include "globals_sparc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_zero
# include "globals_zero.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_arm
# include "globals_arm.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_ppc
# include "globals_ppc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_linux
# include "globals_linux.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_solaris
# include "globals_solaris.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_windows
# include "globals_windows.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_bsd
# include "globals_bsd.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_linux_x86
# include "globals_linux_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_linux_sparc
# include "globals_linux_sparc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_linux_zero
# include "globals_linux_zero.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_solaris_x86
# include "globals_solaris_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_solaris_sparc
# include "globals_solaris_sparc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_windows_x86
# include "globals_windows_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_linux_arm
# include "globals_linux_arm.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_linux_ppc
# include "globals_linux_ppc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_bsd_x86
# include "globals_bsd_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_ARCH_bsd_zero
# include "globals_bsd_zero.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef COMPILER1
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_x86
# include "c1_globals_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_sparc
# include "c1_globals_sparc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_arm
# include "c1_globals_arm.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_ppc
# include "c1_globals_ppc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_linux
# include "c1_globals_linux.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_solaris
# include "c1_globals_solaris.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_windows
# include "c1_globals_windows.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_bsd
# include "c1_globals_bsd.hpp"
#endif
#endif
#ifdef COMPILER2
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_x86
# include "c2_globals_x86.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_sparc
# include "c2_globals_sparc.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_arm
# include "c2_globals_arm.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_linux
# include "c2_globals_linux.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_solaris
# include "c2_globals_solaris.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_windows
# include "c2_globals_windows.hpp"
#endif
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_bsd
# include "c2_globals_bsd.hpp"
#endif
#endif
#ifdef SHARK
#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_zero
# include "shark_globals_zero.hpp"
#endif
#endif

#if !defined(COMPILER1) && !defined(COMPILER2) && !defined(SHARK)
define_pd_global(bool, BackgroundCompilation,        false);
define_pd_global(bool, UseTLAB,                      false);
define_pd_global(bool, CICompileOSR,                 false);
define_pd_global(bool, UseTypeProfile,               false);
define_pd_global(bool, UseOnStackReplacement,        false);
define_pd_global(bool, InlineIntrinsics,             false);
define_pd_global(bool, PreferInterpreterNativeStubs, true);
define_pd_global(bool, ProfileInterpreter,           false);
define_pd_global(bool, ProfileTraps,                 false);
define_pd_global(bool, TieredCompilation,            false);

define_pd_global(intx, CompileThreshold,             0);
define_pd_global(intx, BackEdgeThreshold,            0);

define_pd_global(intx, OnStackReplacePercentage,     0);
define_pd_global(bool, ResizeTLAB,                   false);
define_pd_global(intx, FreqInlineSize,               0);
define_pd_global(intx, InlineSmallCode,              0);
define_pd_global(intx, NewSizeThreadIncrease,        4*K);
define_pd_global(intx, InlineClassNatives,           true);
define_pd_global(intx, InlineUnsafeOps,              true);
define_pd_global(intx, InitialCodeCacheSize,         160*K);
define_pd_global(intx, ReservedCodeCacheSize,        32*M);
define_pd_global(intx, CodeCacheExpansionSize,       32*K);
define_pd_global(intx, CodeCacheMinBlockLength,      1);
define_pd_global(uintx,MetaspaceSize,    ScaleForWordSize(4*M));
define_pd_global(bool, NeverActAsServerClassMachine, true);
define_pd_global(uint64_t,MaxRAM,                    1ULL*G);
#define CI_COMPILER_COUNT 0
#else

#ifdef COMPILER2
#define CI_COMPILER_COUNT 2
#else
#define CI_COMPILER_COUNT 1
#endif // COMPILER2

#endif // no compilers

// string type aliases used only in this file
typedef const char* ccstr;
typedef const char* ccstrlist;   // represents string arguments which accumulate

enum FlagValueOrigin {
  DEFAULT          = 0,
  COMMAND_LINE     = 1,
  ENVIRON_VAR      = 2,
  CONFIG_FILE      = 3,
  MANAGEMENT       = 4,
  ERGONOMIC        = 5,
  ATTACH_ON_DEMAND = 6,
  INTERNAL         = 99
};

struct Flag {
  const char *type;
  const char *name;
  void*       addr;

  NOT_PRODUCT(const char *doc;)

  const char *kind;
  FlagValueOrigin origin;

  // points to all Flags static array
  static Flag *flags;

  // number of flags
  static size_t numFlags;

  static Flag* find_flag(char* name, size_t length, bool allow_locked = false);

  bool is_bool() const        { return strcmp(type, "bool") == 0; }
  bool get_bool() const       { return *((bool*) addr); }
  void set_bool(bool value)   { *((bool*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_intx()  const       { return strcmp(type, "intx")  == 0; }
  intx get_intx() const       { return *((intx*) addr); }
  void set_intx(intx value)   { *((intx*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_uintx() const       { return strcmp(type, "uintx") == 0; }
  uintx get_uintx() const     { return *((uintx*) addr); }
  void set_uintx(uintx value) { *((uintx*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_uint64_t() const          { return strcmp(type, "uint64_t") == 0; }
  uint64_t get_uint64_t() const     { return *((uint64_t*) addr); }
  void set_uint64_t(uint64_t value) { *((uint64_t*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_double() const        { return strcmp(type, "double") == 0; }
  double get_double() const     { return *((double*) addr); }
  void set_double(double value) { *((double*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_ccstr() const          { return strcmp(type, "ccstr") == 0 || strcmp(type, "ccstrlist") == 0; }
  bool ccstr_accumulates() const { return strcmp(type, "ccstrlist") == 0; }
  ccstr get_ccstr() const     { return *((ccstr*) addr); }
  void set_ccstr(ccstr value) { *((ccstr*) addr) = value; }

  bool is_unlocker() const;
  bool is_unlocked() const;
  bool is_writeable() const;
  bool is_external() const;

  bool is_unlocker_ext() const;
  bool is_unlocked_ext() const;
  bool is_writeable_ext() const;
  bool is_external_ext() const;

  void get_locked_message(char*, int) const;
  void get_locked_message_ext(char*, int) const;

  void print_on(outputStream* st, bool withComments = false );
  void print_as_flag(outputStream* st);
};

// debug flags control various aspects of the VM and are global accessible

// use FlagSetting to temporarily change some debug flag
// e.g. FlagSetting fs(DebugThisAndThat, true);
// restored to previous value upon leaving scope
class FlagSetting {
  bool val;
  bool* flag;
 public:
  FlagSetting(bool& fl, bool newValue) { flag = &fl; val = fl; fl = newValue; }
  ~FlagSetting()                       { *flag = val; }
};


class CounterSetting {
  intx* counter;
 public:
  CounterSetting(intx* cnt) { counter = cnt; (*counter)++; }
  ~CounterSetting()         { (*counter)--; }
};


class IntFlagSetting {
  intx val;
  intx* flag;
 public:
  IntFlagSetting(intx& fl, intx newValue) { flag = &fl; val = fl; fl = newValue; }
  ~IntFlagSetting()                       { *flag = val; }
};


class DoubleFlagSetting {
  double val;
  double* flag;
 public:
  DoubleFlagSetting(double& fl, double newValue) { flag = &fl; val = fl; fl = newValue; }
  ~DoubleFlagSetting()                           { *flag = val; }
};


class CommandLineFlags {
 public:
  static bool boolAt(char* name, size_t len, bool* value);
  static bool boolAt(char* name, bool* value)      { return boolAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool boolAtPut(char* name, size_t len, bool* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool boolAtPut(char* name, bool* value, FlagValueOrigin origin)   { return boolAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  static bool intxAt(char* name, size_t len, intx* value);
  static bool intxAt(char* name, intx* value)      { return intxAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool intxAtPut(char* name, size_t len, intx* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool intxAtPut(char* name, intx* value, FlagValueOrigin origin)   { return intxAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  static bool uintxAt(char* name, size_t len, uintx* value);
  static bool uintxAt(char* name, uintx* value)    { return uintxAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool uintxAtPut(char* name, size_t len, uintx* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool uintxAtPut(char* name, uintx* value, FlagValueOrigin origin) { return uintxAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  static bool uint64_tAt(char* name, size_t len, uint64_t* value);
  static bool uint64_tAt(char* name, uint64_t* value) { return uint64_tAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool uint64_tAtPut(char* name, size_t len, uint64_t* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool uint64_tAtPut(char* name, uint64_t* value, FlagValueOrigin origin) { return uint64_tAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  static bool doubleAt(char* name, size_t len, double* value);
  static bool doubleAt(char* name, double* value)    { return doubleAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool doubleAtPut(char* name, size_t len, double* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool doubleAtPut(char* name, double* value, FlagValueOrigin origin) { return doubleAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  static bool ccstrAt(char* name, size_t len, ccstr* value);
  static bool ccstrAt(char* name, ccstr* value)    { return ccstrAt(name, strlen(name), value); }
  static bool ccstrAtPut(char* name, size_t len, ccstr* value, FlagValueOrigin origin);
  static bool ccstrAtPut(char* name, ccstr* value, FlagValueOrigin origin) { return ccstrAtPut(name, strlen(name), value, origin); }

  // Returns false if name is not a command line flag.
  static bool wasSetOnCmdline(const char* name, bool* value);
  static void printSetFlags(outputStream* out);

  static void printFlags(outputStream* out, bool withComments);

  static void verify() PRODUCT_RETURN;
};

// use this for flags that are true by default in the debug version but
// false in the optimized version, and vice versa
#ifdef ASSERT
#define trueInDebug  true
#define falseInDebug false
#else
#define trueInDebug  false
#define falseInDebug true
#endif

// use this for flags that are true per default in the product build
// but false in development builds, and vice versa
#ifdef PRODUCT
#define trueInProduct  true
#define falseInProduct false
#else
#define trueInProduct  false
#define falseInProduct true
#endif

#ifdef JAVASE_EMBEDDED
#define falseInEmbedded false
#else
#define falseInEmbedded true
#endif

// develop flags are settable / visible only during development and are constant in the PRODUCT version
// product flags are always settable / visible
// notproduct flags are settable / visible only during development and are not declared in the PRODUCT version

// A flag must be declared with one of the following types:
// bool, intx, uintx, ccstr.
// The type "ccstr" is an alias for "const char*" and is used
// only in this file, because the macrology requires single-token type names.

// Note: Diagnostic options not meant for VM tuning or for product modes.
// They are to be used for VM quality assurance or field diagnosis
// of VM bugs.  They are hidden so that users will not be encouraged to
// try them as if they were VM ordinary execution options.  However, they
// are available in the product version of the VM.  Under instruction
// from support engineers, VM customers can turn them on to collect
// diagnostic information about VM problems.  To use a VM diagnostic
// option, you must first specify +UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions.
// (This master switch also affects the behavior of -Xprintflags.)
//
// experimental flags are in support of features that are not
//    part of the officially supported product, but are available
//    for experimenting with. They could, for example, be performance
//    features that may not have undergone full or rigorous QA, but which may
//    help performance in some cases and released for experimentation
//    by the community of users and developers. This flag also allows one to
//    be able to build a fully supported product that nonetheless also
//    ships with some unsupported, lightly tested, experimental features.
//    Like the UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions flag above, there is a corresponding
//    UnlockExperimentalVMOptions flag, which allows the control and
//    modification of the experimental flags.
//
// Nota bene: neither diagnostic nor experimental options should be used casually,
//    and they are not supported on production loads, except under explicit
//    direction from support engineers.
//
// manageable flags are writeable external product flags.
//    They are dynamically writeable through the JDK management interface
//    (com.sun.management.HotSpotDiagnosticMXBean API) and also through JConsole.
//    These flags are external exported interface (see CCC).  The list of
//    manageable flags can be queried programmatically through the management
//    interface.
//
//    A flag can be made as "manageable" only if
//    - the flag is defined in a CCC as an external exported interface.
//    - the VM implementation supports dynamic setting of the flag.
//      This implies that the VM must *always* query the flag variable
//      and not reuse state related to the flag state at any given time.
//    - you want the flag to be queried programmatically by the customers.
//
// product_rw flags are writeable internal product flags.
//    They are like "manageable" flags but for internal/private use.
//    The list of product_rw flags are internal/private flags which
//    may be changed/removed in a future release.  It can be set
//    through the management interface to get/set value
//    when the name of flag is supplied.
//
//    A flag can be made as "product_rw" only if
//    - the VM implementation supports dynamic setting of the flag.
//      This implies that the VM must *always* query the flag variable
//      and not reuse state related to the flag state at any given time.
//
// Note that when there is a need to support develop flags to be writeable,
// it can be done in the same way as product_rw.

#define RUNTIME_FLAGS(develop, develop_pd, product, product_pd, diagnostic, experimental, notproduct, manageable, product_rw, lp64_product) \
                                                                            \
  lp64_product(bool, UseCompressedOops, false,                              \
            "Use 32-bit object references in 64-bit VM  "                   \
            "lp64_product means flag is always constant in 32 bit VM")      \
                                                                            \
  lp64_product(bool, UseCompressedKlassPointers, false,                     \
            "Use 32-bit klass pointers in 64-bit VM  "                      \
            "lp64_product means flag is always constant in 32 bit VM")      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CheckCompressedOops, true,                               \
            "generate checks in encoding/decoding code in debug VM")        \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, HeapBaseMinAddress,                                     \
            "OS specific low limit for heap base address")                  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintCompressedOopsMode, false,                          \
            "Print compressed oops base address and encoding mode")         \
                                                                            \
  lp64_product(intx, ObjectAlignmentInBytes, 8,                             \
          "Default object alignment in bytes, 8 is minimum")                \
                                                                            \
  /* UseMembar is theoretically a temp flag used for memory barrier         \
   * removal testing.  It was supposed to be removed before FCS but has     \
   * been re-added (see 6401008) */                                         \
  product_pd(bool, UseMembar,                                               \
          "(Unstable) Issues membars on thread state transitions")          \
                                                                            \
  /* Temp PPC Flag to allow disabling the use of lwsync on ppc platforms    \
   * that don't support it.  This will be replaced by processor detection   \
   * logic.                                                                 \
   */                                                                       \
  product(bool, UsePPCLWSYNC, true,                                         \
          "Use lwsync instruction if true, else use slower sync")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CleanChunkPoolAsync, falseInEmbedded,                       \
          "Whether to clean the chunk pool asynchronously")                 \
                                                                            \
  /* Temporary: See 6948537 */                                              \
  experimental(bool, UseMemSetInBOT, true,                                  \
          "(Unstable) uses memset in BOT updates in GC code")               \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions, trueInDebug,                  \
          "Enable normal processing of flags relating to field diagnostics")\
                                                                            \
  experimental(bool, UnlockExperimentalVMOptions, false,                    \
          "Enable normal processing of flags relating to experimental features")\
                                                                            \
  product(bool, JavaMonitorsInStackTrace, true,                             \
          "Print info. about Java monitor locks when the stacks are dumped")\
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, UseLargePages,                                           \
          "Use large page memory")                                          \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, UseLargePagesIndividualAllocation,                       \
          "Allocate large pages individually for better affinity")          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, LargePagesIndividualAllocationInjectError, false,           \
          "Fail large pages individual allocation")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TracePageSizes, false,                                      \
          "Trace page size selection and usage.")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseNUMA, false,                                             \
          "Use NUMA if available")                                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseNUMAInterleaving, false,                                 \
          "Interleave memory across NUMA nodes if available")               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, NUMAInterleaveGranularity, 2*M,                            \
          "Granularity to use for NUMA interleaving on Windows OS")         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ForceNUMA, false,                                           \
          "Force NUMA optimizations on single-node/UMA systems")            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NUMAChunkResizeWeight, 20,                                  \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when "      \
          "computing exponentially decaying average for "                   \
          "AdaptiveNUMAChunkSizing")                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NUMASpaceResizeRate, 1*G,                                   \
          "Do not reallocate more that this amount per collection")         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveNUMAChunkSizing, true,                           \
          "Enable adaptive chunk sizing for NUMA")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, NUMAStats, false,                                           \
          "Print NUMA stats in detailed heap information")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NUMAPageScanRate, 256,                                      \
          "Maximum number of pages to include in the page scan procedure")  \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, NeedsDeoptSuspend,                                       \
          "True for register window machines (sparc/ia64)")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, UseSSE, 99,                                                 \
          "Highest supported SSE instructions set on x86/x64")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAES, false,                                               \
          "Control whether AES instructions can be used on x86/x64")        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, LargePageSizeInBytes, 0,                                   \
          "Large page size (0 to let VM choose the page size")              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, LargePageHeapSizeThreshold, 128*M,                         \
          "Use large pages if max heap is at least this big")               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ForceTimeHighResolution, false,                             \
          "Using high time resolution(For Win32 only)")                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceItables, false,                                        \
          "Trace initialization and use of itables")                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TracePcPatching, false,                                     \
          "Trace usage of frame::patch_pc")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceJumps, false,                                          \
          "Trace assembly jumps in thread ring buffer")                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceRelocator, false,                                      \
          "Trace the bytecode relocator")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceLongCompiles, false,                                   \
          "Print out every time compilation is longer than "                \
          "a given threashold")                                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, SafepointALot, false,                                       \
          "Generates a lot of safepoints. Works with "                      \
          "GuaranteedSafepointInterval")                                    \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, BackgroundCompilation,                                   \
          "A thread requesting compilation is not blocked during "          \
          "compilation")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintVMQWaitTime, false,                                    \
          "Prints out the waiting time in VM operation queue")              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, NoYieldsInMicrolock, false,                                 \
          "Disable yields in microlock")                                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceOopMapGeneration, false,                               \
          "Shows oopmap generation")                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, MethodFlushing, true,                                       \
          "Reclamation of zombie and not-entrant methods")                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyStack, false,                                         \
          "Verify stack of each thread when it is entering a runtime call") \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, ForceUnreachable, false,                                 \
          "Make all non code cache addresses to be unreachable with forcing use of 64bit literal fixups") \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, StressDerivedPointers, false,                            \
          "Force scavenge when a derived pointers is detected on stack "    \
          "after rtm call")                                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceDerivedPointers, false,                                \
          "Trace traversal of derived pointers on stack")                   \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceCodeBlobStacks, false,                              \
          "Trace stack-walk of codeblobs")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintJNIResolving, false,                                   \
          "Used to implement -v:jni")                                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintRewrites, false,                                    \
          "Print methods that are being rewritten")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseInlineCaches, true,                                      \
          "Use Inline Caches for virtual calls ")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineArrayCopy, true,                                      \
          "inline arraycopy native that is known to be part of "            \
          "base library DLL")                                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineObjectHash, true,                                     \
          "inline Object::hashCode() native that is known to be part "      \
          "of base library DLL")                                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineNatives, true,                                        \
          "inline natives that are known to be part of base library DLL")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineMathNatives, true,                                    \
          "inline SinD, CosD, etc.")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineClassNatives, true,                                   \
          "inline Class.isInstance, etc")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineThreadNatives, true,                                  \
          "inline Thread.currentThread, etc")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InlineUnsafeOps, true,                                      \
          "inline memory ops (native methods) from sun.misc.Unsafe")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CriticalJNINatives, true,                                   \
          "check for critical JNI entry points")                            \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, StressCriticalJNINatives, false,                         \
            "Exercise register saving code in critical natives")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseSSE42Intrinsics, false,                                  \
          "SSE4.2 versions of intrinsics")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAESIntrinsics, false,                                    \
          "use intrinsics for AES versions of crypto")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCallFixup, false,                                      \
          "traces all call fixups")                                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DeoptimizeALot, false,                                      \
          "deoptimize at every exit from the runtime system")               \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(ccstrlist, DeoptimizeOnlyAt, "",                               \
          "a comma separated list of bcis to deoptimize at")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DeoptimizeRandom, false,                                    \
          "deoptimize random frames on random exit from the runtime system")\
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ZombieALot, false,                                       \
          "creates zombies (non-entrant) at exit from the runt. system")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UnlinkSymbolsALot, false,                                   \
          "unlink unreferenced symbols from the symbol table at safepoints")\
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, WalkStackALot, false,                                    \
          "trace stack (no print) at every exit from the runtime system")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, Debugging, false,                                           \
          "set when executing debug methods in debug.ccp "                  \
          "(to prevent triggering assertions)")                             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, StrictSafepointChecks, trueInDebug,                      \
          "Enable strict checks that safepoints cannot happen for threads " \
          "that used No_Safepoint_Verifier")                                \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, VerifyLastFrame, false,                                  \
          "Verify oops on last frame on entry to VM")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceHandleAllocation, false,                               \
          "Prints out warnings when suspicious many handles are allocated") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCompilerSafepoints, true,                                \
          "Stop at safepoints in compiled code")                            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseSplitVerifier, true,                                     \
          "use split verifier with StackMapTable attributes")               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, FailOverToOldVerifier, true,                                \
          "fail over to old verifier when split verifier fails")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ShowSafepointMsgs, false,                                   \
          "Show msg. about safepoint synch.")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, SafepointTimeout, false,                                    \
          "Time out and warn or fail after SafepointTimeoutDelay "          \
          "milliseconds if failed to reach safepoint")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DieOnSafepointTimeout, false,                               \
          "Die upon failure to reach safepoint (see SafepointTimeout)")     \
                                                                            \
  /* 50 retries * (5 * current_retry_count) millis = ~6.375 seconds */      \
  /* typically, at most a few retries are needed */                         \
  product(intx, SuspendRetryCount, 50,                                      \
          "Maximum retry count for an external suspend request")            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SuspendRetryDelay, 5,                                       \
          "Milliseconds to delay per retry (* current_retry_count)")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AssertOnSuspendWaitFailure, false,                          \
          "Assert/Guarantee on external suspend wait failure")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceSuspendWaitFailures, false,                            \
          "Trace external suspend wait failures")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, MaxFDLimit, true,                                           \
          "Bump the number of file descriptors to max in solaris.")         \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, LogEvents, true,                                         \
             "Enable the various ring buffer event logs")                   \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, LogEventsBufferEntries, 10,                              \
             "Enable the various ring buffer event logs")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, BytecodeVerificationRemote, true,                           \
          "Enables the Java bytecode verifier for remote classes")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, BytecodeVerificationLocal, false,                           \
          "Enables the Java bytecode verifier for local classes")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ForceFloatExceptions, trueInDebug,                          \
          "Force exceptions on FP stack under/overflow")                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyStackAtCalls, false,                                  \
          "Verify that the stack pointer is unchanged after calls")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceJavaAssertions, false,                                 \
          "Trace java language assertions")                                 \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CheckAssertionStatusDirectives, false,                   \
          "temporary - see javaClasses.cpp")                                \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintMallocFree, false,                                  \
          "Trace calls to C heap malloc/free allocation")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintOopAddress, false,                                     \
          "Always print the location of the oop")                           \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, VerifyCodeCacheOften, false,                             \
          "Verify compiled-code cache often")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ZapDeadCompiledLocals, false,                               \
          "Zap dead locals in compiler frames")                             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ZapDeadLocalsOld, false,                                 \
          "Zap dead locals (old version, zaps all frames when "             \
          "entering the VM")                                                \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CheckOopishValues, false,                                \
          "Warn if value contains oop ( requires ZapDeadLocals)")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseMallocOnly, false,                                       \
          "use only malloc/free for allocation (no resource area/arena)")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintMalloc, false,                                         \
          "print all malloc/free calls")                                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintMallocStatistics, false,                               \
          "print malloc/free statistics")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ZapResourceArea, trueInDebug,                               \
          "Zap freed resource/arena space with 0xABABABAB")                 \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ZapVMHandleArea, trueInDebug,                            \
          "Zap freed VM handle space with 0xBCBCBCBC")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ZapJNIHandleArea, trueInDebug,                              \
          "Zap freed JNI handle space with 0xFEFEFEFE")                     \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ZapStackSegments, trueInDebug,                           \
             "Zap allocated/freed Stack segments with 0xFADFADED")          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ZapUnusedHeapArea, trueInDebug,                             \
          "Zap unused heap space with 0xBAADBABE")                          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceZapUnusedHeapArea, false,                              \
          "Trace zapping of unused heap space")                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CheckZapUnusedHeapArea, false,                              \
          "Check zapping of unused heap space")                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ZapFillerObjects, trueInDebug,                              \
          "Zap filler objects with 0xDEAFBABE")                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintVMMessages, true,                                      \
          "Print vm messages on console")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintGCApplicationConcurrentTime, false,                    \
          "Print the time the application has been running")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime, false,                       \
          "Print the time the application has been stopped")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerboseVerification, false,                              \
             "Display detailed verification details")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(uintx, ErrorHandlerTest, 0,                                    \
          "If > 0, provokes an error after VM initialization; the value"    \
          "determines which error to provoke.  See test_error_handler()"    \
          "in debug.cpp.")                                                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, Verbose, false,                                             \
          "Prints additional debugging information from other modes")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintMiscellaneous, false,                                  \
          "Prints uncategorized debugging information (requires +Verbose)") \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, WizardMode, false,                                          \
          "Prints much more debugging information")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ShowMessageBoxOnError, false,                               \
          "Keep process alive on VM fatal error")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CreateMinidumpOnCrash, false,                               \
          "Create minidump on VM fatal error")                              \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, UseOSErrorReporting,                                     \
          "Let VM fatal error propagate to the OS (ie. WER on Windows)")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, SuppressFatalErrorMessage, false,                           \
          "Do NO Fatal Error report [Avoid deadlock]")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstrlist, OnError, "",                                           \
          "Run user-defined commands on fatal error; see VMError.cpp "      \
          "for examples")                                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstrlist, OnOutOfMemoryError, "",                                \
          "Run user-defined commands on first java.lang.OutOfMemoryError")  \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, HeapDumpBeforeFullGC, false,                             \
          "Dump heap to file before any major stop-world GC")               \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, HeapDumpAfterFullGC, false,                              \
          "Dump heap to file after any major stop-world GC")                \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError, false,                       \
          "Dump heap to file when java.lang.OutOfMemoryError is thrown")    \
                                                                            \
  manageable(ccstr, HeapDumpPath, NULL,                                     \
          "When HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError is on, the path (filename or"    \
          "directory) of the dump file (defaults to java_pid<pid>.hprof"    \
          "in the working directory)")                                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, SegmentedHeapDumpThreshold, 2*G,                           \
          "Generate a segmented heap dump (JAVA PROFILE 1.0.2 format) "     \
          "when the heap usage is larger than this")                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, HeapDumpSegmentSize, 1*G,                                  \
          "Approximate segment size when generating a segmented heap dump") \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, BreakAtWarning, false,                                      \
          "Execute breakpoint upon encountering VM warning")                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceVMOperation, false,                                    \
          "Trace vm operations")                                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseFakeTimers, false,                                       \
          "Tells whether the VM should use system time or a fake timer")    \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, NativeMemoryTracking, "off",                               \
          "Native memory tracking options")                                 \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintNMTStatistics, false,                               \
          "Print native memory tracking summary data if it is on")          \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, LogCompilation, false,                                   \
          "Log compilation activity in detail to hotspot.log or LogFile")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintCompilation, false,                                    \
          "Print compilations")                                             \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, TraceNMethodInstalls, false,                             \
             "Trace nmethod intallation")                                   \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, ScavengeRootsInCode, 2,                                  \
             "0: do not allow scavengable oops in the code cache; "         \
             "1: allow scavenging from the code cache; "                    \
             "2: emit as many constants as the compiler can see")           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysRestoreFPU, false,                                    \
          "Restore the FPU control word after every JNI call (expensive)")  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintCompilation2, false,                                \
          "Print additional statistics per compilation")                    \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintAdapterHandlers, false,                             \
          "Print code generated for i2c/c2i adapters")                      \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyAdapterCalls, trueInDebug,                         \
          "Verify that i2c/c2i adapters are called properly")               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyAdapterSharing, false,                                \
          "Verify that the code for shared adapters is the equivalent")     \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintAssembly, false,                                    \
          "Print assembly code (using external disassembler.so)")           \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(ccstr, PrintAssemblyOptions, NULL,                             \
          "Options string passed to disassembler.so")                       \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintNMethods, false,                                    \
          "Print assembly code for nmethods when generated")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintNativeNMethods, false,                              \
          "Print assembly code for native nmethods when generated")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintDebugInfo, false,                                      \
          "Print debug information for all nmethods when generated")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintRelocations, false,                                    \
          "Print relocation information for all nmethods when generated")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintDependencies, false,                                   \
          "Print dependency information for all nmethods when generated")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintExceptionHandlers, false,                              \
          "Print exception handler tables for all nmethods when generated") \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, StressCompiledExceptionHandlers, false,                     \
         "Exercise compiled exception handlers")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, InterceptOSException, false,                                \
          "Starts debugger when an implicit OS (e.g., NULL) "               \
          "exception happens")                                              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintCodeCache, false,                                      \
          "Print the code cache memory usage when exiting")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintCodeCache2, false,                                     \
          "Print detailed usage info on the code cache when exiting")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintCodeCacheOnCompilation, false,                         \
          "Print the code cache memory usage each time a method is compiled") \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintStubCode, false,                                    \
          "Print generated stub code")                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, StackTraceInThrowable, true,                                \
          "Collect backtrace in throwable when exception happens")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, OmitStackTraceInFastThrow, true,                            \
          "Omit backtraces for some 'hot' exceptions in optimized code")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ProfilerPrintByteCodeStatistics, false,                     \
          "Prints byte code statictics when dumping profiler output")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ProfilerRecordPC, false,                                    \
          "Collects tick for each 16 byte interval of compiled code")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ProfileVM, false,                                           \
          "Profiles ticks that fall within VM (either in the VM Thread "    \
          "or VM code called through stubs)")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ProfileIntervals, false,                                    \
          "Prints profiles for each interval (see ProfileIntervalsTicks)")  \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ProfilerCheckIntervals, false,                           \
          "Collect and print info on spacing of profiler ticks")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintJVMWarnings, false,                                    \
          "Prints warnings for unimplemented JVM functions")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintWarnings, true,                                        \
          "Prints JVM warnings to output stream")                           \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(uintx, WarnOnStalledSpinLock, 0,                               \
          "Prints warnings for stalled SpinLocks")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RegisterFinalizersAtInit, true,                             \
          "Register finalizable objects at end of Object.<init> or "        \
          "after allocation")                                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, RegisterReferences, true,                                   \
          "Tells whether the VM should register soft/weak/final/phantom "   \
          "references")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, IgnoreRewrites, false,                                      \
          "Supress rewrites of bytecodes in the oopmap generator. "         \
          "This is unsafe!")                                                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintCodeCacheExtension, false,                             \
          "Print extension of code cache")                                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UsePrivilegedStack, true,                                   \
          "Enable the security JVM functions")                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ProtectionDomainVerification, true,                         \
          "Verifies protection domain before resolution in system "         \
          "dictionary")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ClassUnloading, true,                                       \
          "Do unloading of classes")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DisableStartThread, false,                                  \
          "Disable starting of additional Java threads "                    \
          "(for debugging only)")                                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, MemProfiling, false,                                        \
          "Write memory usage profiling to log file")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintSystemDictionaryAtExit, false,                      \
          "Prints the system dictionary at exit")                           \
                                                                            \
  experimental(intx, PredictedLoadedClassCount, 0,                          \
          "Experimental: Tune loaded class cache starting size.")           \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, UnsyncloadClass, false,                                  \
          "Unstable: VM calls loadClass unsynchronized. Custom "            \
          "class loader  must call VM synchronized for findClass "          \
          "and defineClass.")                                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysLockClassLoader, false,                               \
          "Require the VM to acquire the class loader lock before calling " \
          "loadClass() even for class loaders registering "                 \
          "as parallel capable")                                            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AllowParallelDefineClass, false,                            \
          "Allow parallel defineClass requests for class loaders "          \
          "registering as parallel capable")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, MustCallLoadClassInternal, false,                           \
          "Call loadClassInternal() rather than loadClass()")               \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, DontYieldALot,                                           \
          "Throw away obvious excess yield calls (for SOLARIS only)")       \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, ConvertSleepToYield,                                     \
          "Converts sleep(0) to thread yield "                              \
          "(may be off for SOLARIS to improve GUI)")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ConvertYieldToSleep, false,                                 \
          "Converts yield to a sleep of MinSleepInterval to simulate Win32 "\
          "behavior (SOLARIS only)")                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseBoundThreads, true,                                      \
          "Bind user level threads to kernel threads (for SOLARIS only)")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseDetachedThreads, true,                                   \
          "Use detached threads that are recycled upon termination "        \
          "(for SOLARIS only)")                                             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseLWPSynchronization, true,                                \
          "Use LWP-based instead of libthread-based synchronization "       \
          "(SPARC only)")                                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, SyncKnobs, NULL,                                           \
          "(Unstable) Various monitor synchronization tunables")            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, EmitSync, 0,                                                \
          "(Unsafe,Unstable) "                                              \
          " Controls emission of inline sync fast-path code")               \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MonitorBound, 0, "Bound Monitor population")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, MonitorInUseLists, false, "Track Monitors for Deflation")   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SyncFlags, 0, "(Unsafe,Unstable) Experimental Sync flags" ) \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SyncVerbose, 0, "(Unstable)" )                              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ClearFPUAtPark, 0, "(Unsafe,Unstable)" )                    \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, hashCode, 5,                                                \
         "(Unstable) select hashCode generation algorithm" )                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, WorkAroundNPTLTimedWaitHang, 1,                             \
         "(Unstable, Linux-specific)"                                       \
         " avoid NPTL-FUTEX hang pthread_cond_timedwait" )                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, FilterSpuriousWakeups, true,                                \
          "Prevent spurious or premature wakeups from object.wait "         \
          "(Solaris only)")                                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NativeMonitorTimeout, -1, "(Unstable)" )                    \
  product(intx, NativeMonitorFlags, 0, "(Unstable)" )                       \
  product(intx, NativeMonitorSpinLimit, 20, "(Unstable)" )                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UsePthreads, false,                                         \
          "Use pthread-based instead of libthread-based synchronization "   \
          "(SPARC only)")                                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AdjustConcurrency, false,                                   \
          "call thr_setconcurrency at thread create time to avoid "         \
          "LWP starvation on MP systems (For Solaris Only)")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ReduceSignalUsage, false,                                   \
          "Reduce the use of OS signals in Java and/or the VM")             \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, ShareVtableStubs,                                        \
          "Share vtable stubs (smaller code but worse branch prediction")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, LoadLineNumberTables, true,                                 \
          "Tells whether the class file parser loads line number tables")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, LoadLocalVariableTables, true,                              \
          "Tells whether the class file parser loads local variable tables")\
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, LoadLocalVariableTypeTables, true,                          \
          "Tells whether the class file parser loads local variable type tables")\
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AllowUserSignalHandlers, false,                             \
          "Do not complain if the application installs signal handlers "    \
          "(Solaris & Linux only)")                                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseSignalChaining, true,                                    \
          "Use signal-chaining to invoke signal handlers installed "        \
          "by the application (Solaris & Linux only)")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAltSigs, false,                                          \
          "Use alternate signals instead of SIGUSR1 & SIGUSR2 for VM "      \
          "internal signals (Solaris only)")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AllowJNIEnvProxy, false,                                    \
          "Allow JNIEnv proxies for jdbx")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, JNIDetachReleasesMonitors, true,                            \
          "JNI DetachCurrentThread releases monitors owned by thread")      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RestoreMXCSROnJNICalls, false,                              \
          "Restore MXCSR when returning from JNI calls")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CheckJNICalls, false,                                       \
          "Verify all arguments to JNI calls")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseFastJNIAccessors, true,                                  \
          "Use optimized versions of Get<Primitive>Field")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, EagerXrunInit, false,                                       \
          "Eagerly initialize -Xrun libraries; allows startup profiling, "  \
          " but not all -Xrun libraries may support the state of the VM at this time") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PreserveAllAnnotations, false,                              \
          "Preserve RuntimeInvisibleAnnotations as well as RuntimeVisibleAnnotations") \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, PreallocatedOutOfMemoryErrorCount, 4,                      \
          "Number of OutOfMemoryErrors preallocated with backtrace")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, LazyBootClassLoader, true,                                  \
          "Enable/disable lazy opening of boot class path entries")         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseXMMForArrayCopy, false,                                  \
          "Use SSE2 MOVQ instruction for Arraycopy")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, FieldsAllocationStyle, 1,                                   \
          "0 - type based with oops first, 1 - with oops last, "            \
          "2 - oops in super and sub classes are together")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CompactFields, true,                                        \
          "Allocate nonstatic fields in gaps between previous fields")      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintCompactFieldsSavings, false,                        \
          "Print how many words were saved with CompactFields")             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintFieldLayout, false,                                 \
          "Print field layout for each class")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ContendedPaddingWidth, 128,                                 \
          "How many bytes to pad the fields/classes marked @Contended with")\
                                                                            \
  product(bool, EnableContended, true,                                      \
          "Enable @Contended annotation support")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RestrictContended, true,                                    \
          "Restrict @Contended to trusted classes")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseBiasedLocking, true,                                     \
          "Enable biased locking in JVM")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, BiasedLockingStartupDelay, 4000,                            \
          "Number of milliseconds to wait before enabling biased locking")  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintBiasedLockingStatistics, false,                     \
          "Print statistics of biased locking in JVM")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, BiasedLockingBulkRebiasThreshold, 20,                       \
          "Threshold of number of revocations per type to try to "          \
          "rebias all objects in the heap of that type")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, BiasedLockingBulkRevokeThreshold, 40,                       \
          "Threshold of number of revocations per type to permanently "     \
          "revoke biases of all objects in the heap of that type")          \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, BiasedLockingDecayTime, 25000,                              \
          "Decay time (in milliseconds) to re-enable bulk rebiasing of a "  \
          "type after previous bulk rebias")                                \
                                                                            \
  /* tracing */                                                             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceRuntimeCalls, false,                                \
          "Trace run-time calls")                                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceJNICalls, false,                                       \
          "Trace JNI calls")                                                \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceJVMCalls, false,                                    \
          "Trace JVM calls")                                                \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, TraceJVMTI, NULL,                                          \
          "Trace flags for JVMTI functions and events")                     \
                                                                            \
  /* This option can change an EMCP method into an obsolete method. */      \
  /* This can affect tests that except specific methods to be EMCP. */      \
  /* This option should be used with caution. */                            \
  product(bool, StressLdcRewrite, false,                                    \
          "Force ldc -> ldc_w rewrite during RedefineClasses")              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TraceRedefineClasses, 0,                                    \
          "Trace level for JVMTI RedefineClasses")                          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, StressMethodComparator, false,                              \
          "run the MethodComparator on all loaded methods")                 \
                                                                            \
  /* change to false by default sometime after Mustang */                   \
  product(bool, VerifyMergedCPBytecodes, true,                              \
          "Verify bytecodes after RedefineClasses constant pool merging")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceJNIHandleAllocation, false,                            \
          "Trace allocation/deallocation of JNI handle blocks")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceThreadEvents, false,                                   \
          "Trace all thread events")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceBytecodes, false,                                      \
          "Trace bytecode execution")                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceClassInitialization, false,                            \
          "Trace class initialization")                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceExceptions, false,                                     \
          "Trace exceptions")                                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceICs, false,                                            \
          "Trace inline cache changes")                                     \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceInvocationCounterOverflow, false,                   \
          "Trace method invocation counter overflow")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceInlineCacheClearing, false,                            \
          "Trace clearing of inline caches in nmethods")                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceDependencies, false,                                   \
          "Trace dependencies")                                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyDependencies, trueInDebug,                            \
         "Exercise and verify the compilation dependency mechanism")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceNewOopMapGeneration, false,                            \
          "Trace OopMapGeneration")                                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceNewOopMapGenerationDetailed, false,                    \
          "Trace OopMapGeneration: print detailed cell states")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TimeOopMap, false,                                          \
          "Time calls to GenerateOopMap::compute_map() in sum")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TimeOopMap2, false,                                         \
          "Time calls to GenerateOopMap::compute_map() individually")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceMonitorMismatch, false,                                \
          "Trace monitor matching failures during OopMapGeneration")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceOopMapRewrites, false,                                 \
          "Trace rewritting of method oops during oop map generation")      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceSafepoint, false,                                      \
          "Trace safepoint operations")                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceICBuffer, false,                                       \
          "Trace usage of IC buffer")                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCompiledIC, false,                                     \
          "Trace changes of compiled IC")                                   \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceZapDeadLocals, false,                               \
          "Trace zapping dead locals")                                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceStartupTime, false,                                    \
          "Trace setup time")                                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceProtectionDomainVerification, false,                   \
          "Trace protection domain verifcation")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceClearedExceptions, false,                              \
          "Prints when an exception is forcibly cleared")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceClassResolution, false,                                \
          "Trace all constant pool resolutions (for debugging)")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceBiasedLocking, false,                                  \
          "Trace biased locking in JVM")                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceMonitorInflation, false,                               \
          "Trace monitor inflation in JVM")                                 \
                                                                            \
  /* gc */                                                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseSerialGC, false,                                         \
          "Use the serial garbage collector")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseG1GC, false,                                             \
          "Use the Garbage-First garbage collector")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseParallelGC, false,                                       \
          "Use the Parallel Scavenge garbage collector")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseParallelOldGC, false,                                    \
          "Use the Parallel Old garbage collector")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, HeapMaximumCompactionInterval, 20,                         \
          "How often should we maximally compact the heap (not allowing "   \
          "any dead space)")                                                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, HeapFirstMaximumCompactionCount, 3,                        \
          "The collection count for the first maximum compaction")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseMaximumCompactionOnSystemGC, true,                       \
          "In the Parallel Old garbage collector maximum compaction for "   \
          "a system GC")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ParallelOldDeadWoodLimiterMean, 50,                        \
          "The mean used by the par compact dead wood"                      \
          "limiter (a number between 0-100).")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ParallelOldDeadWoodLimiterStdDev, 80,                      \
          "The standard deviation used by the par compact dead wood"        \
          "limiter (a number between 0-100).")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ParallelGCThreads, 0,                                      \
          "Number of parallel threads parallel gc will use")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseDynamicNumberOfGCThreads, false,                         \
          "Dynamically choose the number of parallel threads "              \
          "parallel gc will use")                                           \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, ForceDynamicNumberOfGCThreads, false,                    \
          "Force dynamic selection of the number of"                        \
          "parallel threads parallel gc will use to aid debugging")         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, HeapSizePerGCThread, ScaleForWordSize(64*M),               \
          "Size of heap (bytes) per GC thread used in calculating the "     \
          "number of GC threads")                                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceDynamicGCThreads, false,                               \
          "Trace the dynamic GC thread usage")                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ParallelOldGCSplitALot, false,                              \
          "Provoke splitting (copying data from a young gen space to"       \
          "multiple destination spaces)")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, ParallelOldGCSplitInterval, 3,                             \
          "How often to provoke splitting a young gen space")               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ConcGCThreads, 0,                                          \
          "Number of threads concurrent gc will use")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, YoungPLABSize, 4096,                                       \
          "Size of young gen promotion labs (in HeapWords)")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, OldPLABSize, 1024,                                         \
          "Size of old gen promotion labs (in HeapWords)")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCTaskTimeStampEntries, 200,                               \
          "Number of time stamp entries per gc worker thread")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysTenure, false,                                        \
          "Always tenure objects in eden. (ParallelGC only)")               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, NeverTenure, false,                                         \
          "Never tenure objects in eden, May tenure on overflow "           \
          "(ParallelGC only)")                                              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ScavengeBeforeFullGC, true,                                 \
          "Scavenge youngest generation before each full GC, "              \
          "used with UseParallelGC")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ScavengeWithObjectsInToSpace, false,                        \
          "Allow scavenges to occur when to_space contains objects.")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseConcMarkSweepGC, false,                                  \
          "Use Concurrent Mark-Sweep GC in the old generation")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ExplicitGCInvokesConcurrent, false,                         \
          "A System.gc() request invokes a concurrent collection;"          \
          " (effective only when UseConcMarkSweepGC)")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ExplicitGCInvokesConcurrentAndUnloadsClasses, false,        \
          "A System.gc() request invokes a concurrent collection and "      \
          "also unloads classes during such a concurrent gc cycle "         \
          "(effective only when UseConcMarkSweepGC)")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, GCLockerInvokesConcurrent, false,                           \
          "The exit of a JNI CS necessitating a scavenge also"              \
          " kicks off a bkgrd concurrent collection")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCLockerEdenExpansionPercent, 5,                           \
          "How much the GC can expand the eden by while the GC locker  "    \
          "is active (as a percentage)")                                    \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, GCLockerRetryAllocationCount, 2,                         \
          "Number of times to retry allocations when"                       \
          " blocked by the GC locker")                                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseCMSAdaptiveFreeLists, true,                              \
          "Use Adaptive Free Lists in the CMS generation")                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseAsyncConcMarkSweepGC, true,                              \
          "Use Asynchronous Concurrent Mark-Sweep GC in the old generation")\
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, RotateCMSCollectionTypes, false,                            \
          "Rotate the CMS collections among concurrent and STW")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCMSBestFit, true,                                        \
          "Use CMS best fit allocation strategy")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCMSCollectionPassing, true,                              \
          "Use passing of collection from background to foreground")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseParNewGC, false,                                         \
          "Use parallel threads in the new generation.")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ParallelGCVerbose, false,                                   \
          "Verbose output for parallel GC.")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ParallelGCBufferWastePct, 10,                               \
          "wasted fraction of parallel allocation buffer.")                 \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, ParallelGCRetainPLAB, false,                             \
             "Retain parallel allocation buffers across scavenges; "        \
             " -- disabled because this currently conflicts with "          \
             " parallel card scanning under certain conditions ")           \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TargetPLABWastePct, 10,                                     \
          "target wasted space in last buffer as pct of overall allocation")\
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, PLABWeight, 75,                                            \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when"       \
          "computing exponentially decaying average for ResizePLAB.")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ResizePLAB, true,                                           \
          "Dynamically resize (survivor space) promotion labs")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintPLAB, false,                                           \
          "Print (survivor space) promotion labs sizing decisions")         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ParGCArrayScanChunk, 50,                                    \
          "Scan a subset and push remainder, if array is bigger than this") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ParGCUseLocalOverflow, false,                               \
          "Instead of a global overflow list, use local overflow stacks")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ParGCTrimOverflow, true,                                    \
          "Eagerly trim the local overflow lists (when ParGCUseLocalOverflow") \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ParGCWorkQueueOverflowALot, false,                       \
          "Whether we should simulate work queue overflow in ParNew")       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(uintx, ParGCWorkQueueOverflowInterval, 1000,                   \
          "An `interval' counter that determines how frequently "           \
          "we simulate overflow; a smaller number increases frequency")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ParGCDesiredObjsFromOverflowList, 20,                      \
          "The desired number of objects to claim from the overflow list")  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(uintx, ParGCStridesPerThread, 2,                               \
          "The number of strides per worker thread that we divide up the "  \
          "card table scanning work into")                                  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, ParGCCardsPerStrideChunk, 256,                           \
          "The number of cards in each chunk of the parallel chunks used "  \
          "during card table scanning")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSParPromoteBlocksToClaim, 16,                            \
          "Number of blocks to attempt to claim when refilling CMS LAB for "\
          "parallel GC.")                                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, OldPLABWeight, 50,                                         \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when"       \
          "computing exponentially decaying average for resizing CMSParPromoteBlocksToClaim.") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ResizeOldPLAB, true,                                        \
          "Dynamically resize (old gen) promotion labs")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintOldPLAB, false,                                        \
          "Print (old gen) promotion labs sizing decisions")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSOldPLABMin, 16,                                         \
          "Min size of CMS gen promotion lab caches per worker per blksize")\
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSOldPLABMax, 1024,                                       \
          "Max size of CMS gen promotion lab caches per worker per blksize")\
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSOldPLABNumRefills, 4,                                   \
          "Nominal number of refills of CMS gen promotion lab cache"        \
          " per worker per block size")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSOldPLABResizeQuicker, false,                             \
          "Whether to react on-the-fly during a scavenge to a sudden"       \
          " change in block demand rate")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSOldPLABToleranceFactor, 4,                              \
          "The tolerance of the phase-change detector for on-the-fly"       \
          " PLAB resizing during a scavenge")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSOldPLABReactivityFactor, 2,                             \
          "The gain in the feedback loop for on-the-fly PLAB resizing"      \
          " during a scavenge")                                             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysPreTouch, false,                                      \
          "It forces all freshly committed pages to be pre-touched.")       \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, CMSYoungGenPerWorker,                                    \
          "The maximum size of young gen chosen by default per GC worker "  \
          "thread available")                                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSIncrementalMode, false,                                  \
          "Whether CMS GC should operate in \"incremental\" mode")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSIncrementalDutyCycle, 10,                               \
          "CMS incremental mode duty cycle (a percentage, 0-100).  If"      \
          "CMSIncrementalPacing is enabled, then this is just the initial"  \
          "value")                                                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSIncrementalPacing, true,                                 \
          "Whether the CMS incremental mode duty cycle should be "          \
          "automatically adjusted")                                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSIncrementalDutyCycleMin, 0,                             \
          "Lower bound on the duty cycle when CMSIncrementalPacing is "     \
          "enabled (a percentage, 0-100)")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSIncrementalSafetyFactor, 10,                            \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to add conservatism when computing the " \
          "duty cycle")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSIncrementalOffset, 0,                                   \
          "Percentage (0-100) by which the CMS incremental mode duty cycle" \
          " is shifted to the right within the period between young GCs")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSExpAvgFactor, 50,                                       \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when"       \
          "computing exponential averages for CMS statistics.")             \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMS_FLSWeight, 75,                                         \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when"       \
          "computing exponentially decating averages for CMS FLS statistics.") \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMS_FLSPadding, 1,                                         \
          "The multiple of deviation from mean to use for buffering"        \
          "against volatility in free list demand.")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, FLSCoalescePolicy, 2,                                      \
          "CMS: Aggression level for coalescing, increasing from 0 to 4")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, FLSAlwaysCoalesceLarge, false,                              \
          "CMS: Larger free blocks are always available for coalescing")    \
                                                                            \
  product(double, FLSLargestBlockCoalesceProximity, 0.99,                   \
          "CMS: the smaller the percentage the greater the coalition force")\
                                                                            \
  product(double, CMSSmallCoalSurplusPercent, 1.05,                         \
          "CMS: the factor by which to inflate estimated demand of small"   \
          " block sizes to prevent coalescing with an adjoining block")     \
                                                                            \
  product(double, CMSLargeCoalSurplusPercent, 0.95,                         \
          "CMS: the factor by which to inflate estimated demand of large"   \
          " block sizes to prevent coalescing with an adjoining block")     \
                                                                            \
  product(double, CMSSmallSplitSurplusPercent, 1.10,                        \
          "CMS: the factor by which to inflate estimated demand of small"   \
          " block sizes to prevent splitting to supply demand for smaller"  \
          " blocks")                                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(double, CMSLargeSplitSurplusPercent, 1.00,                        \
          "CMS: the factor by which to inflate estimated demand of large"   \
          " block sizes to prevent splitting to supply demand for smaller"  \
          " blocks")                                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSExtrapolateSweep, false,                                 \
          "CMS: cushion for block demand during sweep")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMS_SweepWeight, 75,                                       \
          "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when "      \
          "computing exponentially decaying average for inter-sweep "       \
          "duration")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMS_SweepPadding, 1,                                       \
          "The multiple of deviation from mean to use for buffering "       \
          "against volatility in inter-sweep duration.")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMS_SweepTimerThresholdMillis, 10,                         \
          "Skip block flux-rate sampling for an epoch unless inter-sweep "  \
          "duration exceeds this threhold in milliseconds")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSTraceIncrementalMode, false,                             \
          "Trace CMS incremental mode")                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSTraceIncrementalPacing, false,                           \
          "Trace CMS incremental mode pacing computation")                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSTraceThreadState, false,                                 \
          "Trace the CMS thread state (enable the trace_state() method)")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSClassUnloadingEnabled, true,                             \
          "Whether class unloading enabled when using CMS GC")              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSClassUnloadingMaxInterval, 0,                           \
          "When CMS class unloading is enabled, the maximum CMS cycle count"\
          " for which classes may not be unloaded")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSCompactWhenClearAllSoftRefs, true,                       \
          "Compact when asked to collect CMS gen with clear_all_soft_refs") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCMSCompactAtFullCollection, true,                        \
          "Use mark sweep compact at full collections")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSFullGCsBeforeCompaction, 0,                             \
          "Number of CMS full collection done before compaction if > 0")    \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CMSDictionaryChoice, 0,                                     \
          "Use BinaryTreeDictionary as default in the CMS generation")      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSIndexedFreeListReplenish, 4,                            \
          "Replenish an indexed free list with this number of chunks")      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSReplenishIntermediate, true,                             \
          "Replenish all intermediate free-list caches")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSSplitIndexedFreeListBlocks, true,                        \
          "When satisfying batched demand, split blocks from the "          \
          "IndexedFreeList whose size is a multiple of requested size")     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSLoopWarn, false,                                         \
          "Warn in case of excessive CMS looping")                          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSOverflowEarlyRestoration, false,                         \
          "Whether preserved marks should be restored early")               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MarkStackSize, NOT_LP64(32*K) LP64_ONLY(4*M),              \
          "Size of marking stack")                                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MarkStackSizeMax, NOT_LP64(4*M) LP64_ONLY(512*M),          \
          "Max size of marking stack")                                      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CMSMarkStackOverflowALot, false,                         \
          "Whether we should simulate frequent marking stack / work queue"  \
          " overflow")                                                      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(uintx, CMSMarkStackOverflowInterval, 1000,                     \
          "An `interval' counter that determines how frequently"            \
          " we simulate overflow; a smaller number increases frequency")    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSMaxAbortablePrecleanLoops, 0,                           \
          "(Temporary, subject to experimentation)"                         \
          "Maximum number of abortable preclean iterations, if > 0")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CMSMaxAbortablePrecleanTime, 5000,                          \
          "(Temporary, subject to experimentation)"                         \
          "Maximum time in abortable preclean in ms")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSAbortablePrecleanMinWorkPerIteration, 100,              \
          "(Temporary, subject to experimentation)"                         \
          "Nominal minimum work per abortable preclean iteration")          \
                                                                            \
  manageable(intx, CMSAbortablePrecleanWaitMillis, 100,                     \
          "(Temporary, subject to experimentation)"                         \
          " Time that we sleep between iterations when not given"           \
          " enough work per iteration")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSRescanMultiple, 32,                                     \
          "Size (in cards) of CMS parallel rescan task")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSConcMarkMultiple, 32,                                   \
          "Size (in cards) of CMS concurrent MT marking task")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSAbortSemantics, false,                                   \
          "Whether abort-on-overflow semantics is implemented")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSParallelRemarkEnabled, true,                             \
          "Whether parallel remark enabled (only if ParNewGC)")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSParallelSurvivorRemarkEnabled, true,                     \
          "Whether parallel remark of survivor space"                       \
          " enabled (effective only if CMSParallelRemarkEnabled)")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPLABRecordAlways, true,                                  \
          "Whether to always record survivor space PLAB bdries"             \
          " (effective only if CMSParallelSurvivorRemarkEnabled)")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSConcurrentMTEnabled, true,                               \
          "Whether multi-threaded concurrent work enabled (if ParNewGC)")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrecleaningEnabled, true,                                \
          "Whether concurrent precleaning enabled")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSPrecleanIter, 3,                                        \
          "Maximum number of precleaning iteration passes")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSPrecleanNumerator, 2,                                   \
          "CMSPrecleanNumerator:CMSPrecleanDenominator yields convergence"  \
          " ratio")                                                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSPrecleanDenominator, 3,                                 \
          "CMSPrecleanNumerator:CMSPrecleanDenominator yields convergence"  \
          " ratio")                                                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrecleanRefLists1, true,                                 \
          "Preclean ref lists during (initial) preclean phase")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrecleanRefLists2, false,                                \
          "Preclean ref lists during abortable preclean phase")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrecleanSurvivors1, false,                               \
          "Preclean survivors during (initial) preclean phase")             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrecleanSurvivors2, true,                                \
          "Preclean survivors during abortable preclean phase")             \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSPrecleanThreshold, 1000,                                \
          "Don't re-iterate if #dirty cards less than this")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSCleanOnEnter, true,                                      \
          "Clean-on-enter optimization for reducing number of dirty cards") \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSRemarkVerifyVariant, 1,                                 \
          "Choose variant (1,2) of verification following remark")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSScheduleRemarkEdenSizeThreshold, 2*M,                   \
          "If Eden used is below this value, don't try to schedule remark") \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSScheduleRemarkEdenPenetration, 50,                      \
          "The Eden occupancy % at which to try and schedule remark pause") \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSScheduleRemarkSamplingRatio, 5,                         \
          "Start sampling Eden top at least before yg occupancy reaches"    \
          " 1/<ratio> of the size at which we plan to schedule remark")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSSamplingGrain, 16*K,                                    \
          "The minimum distance between eden samples for CMS (see above)")  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSScavengeBeforeRemark, false,                             \
          "Attempt scavenge before the CMS remark step")                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSTraceSweeper, false,                                     \
          "Trace some actions of the CMS sweeper")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSWorkQueueDrainThreshold, 10,                            \
          "Don't drain below this size per parallel worker/thief")          \
                                                                            \
  manageable(intx, CMSWaitDuration, 2000,                                   \
          "Time in milliseconds that CMS thread waits for young GC")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, CMSCheckInterval, 1000,                                    \
          "Interval in milliseconds that CMS thread checks if it "          \
          "should start a collection cycle")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSYield, true,                                             \
          "Yield between steps of concurrent mark & sweep")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSBitMapYieldQuantum, 10*M,                               \
          "Bitmap operations should process at most this many bits"         \
          "between yields")                                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSDumpAtPromotionFailure, false,                           \
          "Dump useful information about the state of the CMS old "         \
          " generation upon a promotion failure.")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrintChunksInDump, false,                                \
          "In a dump enabled by CMSDumpAtPromotionFailure, include "        \
          " more detailed information about the free chunks.")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CMSPrintObjectsInDump, false,                               \
          "In a dump enabled by CMSDumpAtPromotionFailure, include "        \
          " more detailed information about the allocated objects.")        \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, FLSVerifyAllHeapReferences, false,                       \
          "Verify that all refs across the FLS boundary "                   \
          " are to valid objects")                                          \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, FLSVerifyLists, false,                                   \
          "Do lots of (expensive) FreeListSpace verification")              \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, FLSVerifyIndexTable, false,                              \
          "Do lots of (expensive) FLS index table verification")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, FLSVerifyDictionary, false,                                 \
          "Do lots of (expensive) FLS dictionary verification")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyBlockOffsetArray, false,                              \
          "Do (expensive!) block offset array verification")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, BlockOffsetArrayUseUnallocatedBlock, false,              \
          "Maintain _unallocated_block in BlockOffsetArray"                 \
          " (currently applicable only to CMS collector)")                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCMSState, false,                                       \
          "Trace the state of the CMS collection")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, RefDiscoveryPolicy, 0,                                      \
          "Whether reference-based(0) or referent-based(1)")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ParallelRefProcEnabled, false,                              \
          "Enable parallel reference processing whenever possible")         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ParallelRefProcBalancingEnabled, true,                      \
          "Enable balancing of reference processing queues")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSTriggerRatio, 80,                                       \
          "Percentage of MinHeapFreeRatio in CMS generation that is "       \
          "allocated before a CMS collection cycle commences")              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSBootstrapOccupancy, 50,                                 \
          "Percentage CMS generation occupancy at which to "                \
          "initiate CMS collection for bootstrapping collection stats")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction, -1,                         \
          "Percentage CMS generation occupancy to start a CMS collection "  \
          "cycle. A negative value means that CMSTriggerRatio is used")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent, 45,                        \
          "Percentage of the (entire) heap occupancy to start a "           \
          "concurrent GC cycle. It is used by GCs that trigger a "          \
          "concurrent GC cycle based on the occupancy of the entire heap, " \
          "not just one of the generations (e.g., G1). A value of 0 "       \
          "denotes 'do constant GC cycles'.")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly, false,                       \
          "Only use occupancy as a crierion for starting a CMS collection") \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CMSIsTooFullPercentage, 98,                                 \
          "An absolute ceiling above which CMS will always consider the "   \
          "unloading of classes when class unloading is enabled")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CMSTestInFreeList, false,                                   \
          "Check if the coalesced range is already in the "                 \
          "free lists as claimed")                                          \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CMSVerifyReturnedBytes, false,                           \
          "Check that all the garbage collected was returned to the "       \
          "free lists.")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ScavengeALot, false,                                     \
          "Force scavenge at every Nth exit from the runtime system "       \
          "(N=ScavengeALotInterval)")                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, FullGCALot, false,                                          \
          "Force full gc at every Nth exit from the runtime system "        \
          "(N=FullGCALotInterval)")                                         \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, GCALotAtAllSafepoints, false,                            \
          "Enforce ScavengeALot/GCALot at all potential safepoints")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintPromotionFailure, false,                               \
          "Print additional diagnostic information following "              \
          " promotion failure")                                             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PromotionFailureALot, false,                             \
          "Use promotion failure handling on every youngest generation "    \
          "collection")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, PromotionFailureALotCount, 1000,                           \
          "Number of promotion failures occurring at ParGCAllocBuffer"      \
          "refill attempts (ParNew) or promotion attempts "                 \
          "(other young collectors) ")                                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, PromotionFailureALotInterval, 5,                           \
          "Total collections between promotion failures alot")              \
                                                                            \
  experimental(intx, WorkStealingSleepMillis, 1,                            \
          "Sleep time when sleep is used for yields")                       \
                                                                            \
  experimental(uintx, WorkStealingYieldsBeforeSleep, 5000,                  \
          "Number of yields before a sleep is done during workstealing")    \
                                                                            \
  experimental(uintx, WorkStealingHardSpins, 4096,                          \
          "Number of iterations in a spin loop between checks on "          \
          "time out of hard spin")                                          \
                                                                            \
  experimental(uintx, WorkStealingSpinToYieldRatio, 10,                     \
          "Ratio of hard spins to calls to yield")                          \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, ObjArrayMarkingStride, 512,                                \
          "Number of ObjArray elements to push onto the marking stack"      \
          "before pushing a continuation entry")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, MetadataAllocationFailALot, false,                          \
          "Fail metadata allocations at intervals controlled by "           \
          "MetadataAllocationFailALotInterval")                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, MetadataAllocationFailALotInterval, 1000,                  \
          "metadata allocation failure alot interval")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, MetaDataDeallocateALot, false,                              \
          "Deallocation bunches of metadata at intervals controlled by "    \
          "MetaDataAllocateALotInterval")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, MetaDataDeallocateALotInterval, 100,                       \
          "Metadata deallocation alot interval")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceMetadataChunkAllocation, false,                        \
          "Trace chunk metadata allocations")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceMetadataHumongousAllocation, false,                    \
          "Trace humongous metadata allocations")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceMetavirtualspaceAllocation, false,                     \
          "Trace virtual space metadata allocations")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ExecuteInternalVMTests, false,                           \
          "Enable execution of internal VM tests.")                         \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, UseTLAB, "Use thread-local object allocation")           \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, ResizeTLAB,                                              \
          "Dynamically resize tlab size for threads")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ZeroTLAB, false,                                            \
          "Zero out the newly created TLAB")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, FastTLABRefill, true,                                       \
          "Use fast TLAB refill code")                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintTLAB, false,                                           \
          "Print various TLAB related information")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TLABStats, true,                                            \
          "Print various TLAB related information")                         \
                                                                            \
  EMBEDDED_ONLY(product(bool, LowMemoryProtection, true,                    \
          "Enable LowMemoryProtection"))                                    \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, NeverActAsServerClassMachine,                            \
          "Never act like a server-class machine")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysActAsServerClassMachine, false,                       \
          "Always act like a server-class machine")                         \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uint64_t, MaxRAM,                                              \
          "Real memory size (in bytes) used to set maximum heap size")      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ErgoHeapSizeLimit, 0,                                      \
          "Maximum ergonomically set heap size (in bytes); zero means use " \
          "MaxRAM / MaxRAMFraction")                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxRAMFraction, 4,                                         \
          "Maximum fraction (1/n) of real memory used for maximum heap "    \
          "size")                                                           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, DefaultMaxRAMFraction, 4,                                  \
          "Maximum fraction (1/n) of real memory used for maximum heap "    \
          "size; deprecated: to be renamed to MaxRAMFraction")              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinRAMFraction, 2,                                         \
          "Minimum fraction (1/n) of real memory used for maxmimum heap "   \
          "size on systems with small physical memory size")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, InitialRAMFraction, 64,                                    \
          "Fraction (1/n) of real memory used for initial heap size")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, MaxVirtMemFraction, 2,                                     \
          "Maximum fraction (1/n) of virtual memory used for ergonomically" \
          "determining maximum heap size")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAutoGCSelectPolicy, false,                               \
          "Use automatic collection selection policy")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AutoGCSelectPauseMillis, 5000,                             \
          "Automatic GC selection pause threshhold in ms")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveSizePolicy, true,                                \
          "Use adaptive generation sizing policies")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UsePSAdaptiveSurvivorSizePolicy, true,                      \
          "Use adaptive survivor sizing policies")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveGenerationSizePolicyAtMinorCollection, true,     \
          "Use adaptive young-old sizing policies at minor collections")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveGenerationSizePolicyAtMajorCollection, true,     \
          "Use adaptive young-old sizing policies at major collections")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveSizePolicyWithSystemGC, false,                   \
          "Use statistics from System.GC for adaptive size policy")         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveGCBoundary, false,                               \
          "Allow young-old boundary to move")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceAdaptiveGCBoundary, false,                             \
          "Trace young-old boundary moves")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, PSAdaptiveSizePolicyResizeVirtualSpaceAlot, -1,             \
          "Resize the virtual spaces of the young or old generations")      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizeThroughPutPolicy, 0,                           \
          "Policy for changeing generation size for throughput goals")      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizePausePolicy, 0,                                \
          "Policy for changing generation size for pause goals")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PSAdjustTenuredGenForMinorPause, false,                     \
          "Adjust tenured generation to achive a minor pause goal")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PSAdjustYoungGenForMajorPause, false,                       \
          "Adjust young generation to achive a major pause goal")           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyInitializingSteps, 20,                   \
          "Number of steps where heuristics is used before data is used")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyReadyThreshold, 5,                       \
          "Number of collections before the adaptive sizing is started")    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyOutputInterval, 0,                       \
          "Collecton interval for printing information; zero => never")     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveSizePolicyFootprintGoal, true,                   \
          "Use adaptive minimum footprint as a goal")                       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyWeight, 10,                              \
          "Weight given to exponential resizing, between 0 and 100")        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveTimeWeight,       25,                              \
          "Weight given to time in adaptive policy, between 0 and 100")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, PausePadding, 1,                                           \
          "How much buffer to keep for pause time")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, PromotedPadding, 3,                                        \
          "How much buffer to keep for promotion failure")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SurvivorPadding, 3,                                        \
          "How much buffer to keep for survivor overflow")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ThresholdTolerance, 10,                                    \
          "Allowed collection cost difference between generations")         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyCollectionCostMargin, 50,                \
          "If collection costs are within margin, reduce both by full "     \
          "delta")                                                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, YoungGenerationSizeIncrement, 20,                          \
          "Adaptive size percentage change in young generation")            \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, YoungGenerationSizeSupplement, 80,                         \
          "Supplement to YoungedGenerationSizeIncrement used at startup")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, YoungGenerationSizeSupplementDecay, 8,                     \
          "Decay factor to YoungedGenerationSizeSupplement")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TenuredGenerationSizeIncrement, 20,                        \
          "Adaptive size percentage change in tenured generation")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TenuredGenerationSizeSupplement, 80,                       \
          "Supplement to TenuredGenerationSizeIncrement used at startup")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TenuredGenerationSizeSupplementDecay, 2,                   \
          "Decay factor to TenuredGenerationSizeIncrement")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxGCPauseMillis, max_uintx,                               \
          "Adaptive size policy maximum GC pause time goal in msec, "       \
          "or (G1 Only) the max. GC time per MMU time slice")               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCPauseIntervalMillis, 0,                                  \
          "Time slice for MMU specification")                               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxGCMinorPauseMillis, max_uintx,                          \
          "Adaptive size policy maximum GC minor pause time goal in msec")  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCTimeRatio, 99,                                           \
          "Adaptive size policy application time to GC time ratio")         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizeDecrementScaleFactor, 4,                       \
          "Adaptive size scale down factor for shrinking")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseAdaptiveSizeDecayMajorGCCost, true,                      \
          "Adaptive size decays the major cost for long major intervals")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, AdaptiveSizeMajorGCDecayTimeScale, 10,                     \
          "Time scale over which major costs decay")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinSurvivorRatio, 3,                                       \
          "Minimum ratio of young generation/survivor space size")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, InitialSurvivorRatio, 8,                                   \
          "Initial ratio of eden/survivor space size")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, BaseFootPrintEstimate, 256*M,                              \
          "Estimate of footprint other than Java Heap")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseGCOverheadLimit, true,                                   \
          "Use policy to limit of proportion of time spent in GC "          \
          "before an OutOfMemory error is thrown")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCTimeLimit, 98,                                           \
          "Limit of proportion of time spent in GC before an OutOfMemory"   \
          "error is thrown (used with GCHeapFreeLimit)")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCHeapFreeLimit, 2,                                        \
          "Minimum percentage of free space after a full GC before an "     \
          "OutOfMemoryError is thrown (used with GCTimeLimit)")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, AdaptiveSizePolicyGCTimeLimitThreshold, 5,                 \
          "Number of consecutive collections before gc time limit fires")   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintAdaptiveSizePolicy, false,                             \
          "Print information about AdaptiveSizePolicy")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrefetchCopyIntervalInBytes, -1,                            \
          "How far ahead to prefetch destination area (<= 0 means off)")    \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrefetchScanIntervalInBytes, -1,                            \
          "How far ahead to prefetch scan area (<= 0 means off)")           \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrefetchFieldsAhead, -1,                                    \
          "How many fields ahead to prefetch in oop scan (<= 0 means off)") \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyBeforeExit, trueInDebug,                           \
          "Verify system before exiting")                                   \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyBeforeGC, false,                                   \
          "Verify memory system before GC")                                 \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyAfterGC, false,                                    \
          "Verify memory system after GC")                                  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyDuringGC, false,                                   \
          "Verify memory system during GC (between phases)")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, GCParallelVerificationEnabled, true,                     \
          "Enable parallel memory system verification")                     \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, DeferInitialCardMark, false,                             \
          "When +ReduceInitialCardMarks, explicitly defer any that "        \
           "may arise from new_pre_store_barrier")                          \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyRememberedSets, false,                             \
          "Verify GC remembered sets")                                      \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyObjectStartArray, true,                            \
          "Verify GC object start array if verify before/after")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DisableExplicitGC, false,                                   \
          "Tells whether calling System.gc() does a full GC")               \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CheckMemoryInitialization, false,                        \
          "Checks memory initialization")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CollectGen0First, false,                                    \
          "Collect youngest generation before each full GC")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, BindCMSThreadToCPU, false,                               \
          "Bind CMS Thread to CPU if possible")                             \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(uintx, CPUForCMSThread, 0,                                     \
          "When BindCMSThreadToCPU is true, the CPU to bind CMS thread to") \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, BindGCTaskThreadsToCPUs, false,                             \
          "Bind GCTaskThreads to CPUs if possible")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseGCTaskAffinity, false,                                   \
          "Use worker affinity when asking for GCTasks")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ProcessDistributionStride, 4,                              \
          "Stride through processors when distributing processes")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSCoordinatorYieldSleepCount, 10,                         \
          "number of times the coordinator GC thread will sleep while "     \
          "yielding before giving up and resuming GC")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CMSYieldSleepCount, 0,                                     \
          "number of times a GC thread (minus the coordinator) "            \
          "will sleep while yielding before giving up and resuming GC")     \
                                                                            \
  /* gc tracing */                                                          \
  manageable(bool, PrintGC, false,                                          \
          "Print message at garbage collect")                               \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintGCDetails, false,                                   \
          "Print more details at garbage collect")                          \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintGCDateStamps, false,                                \
          "Print date stamps at garbage collect")                           \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintGCTimeStamps, false,                                \
          "Print timestamps at garbage collect")                            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintGCTaskTimeStamps, false,                               \
          "Print timestamps for individual gc worker thread tasks")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ConcGCYieldTimeout, 0,                                      \
          "If non-zero, assert that GC threads yield within this # of ms.") \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceMarkSweep, false,                                   \
          "Trace mark sweep")                                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintReferenceGC, false,                                    \
          "Print times spent handling reference objects during GC "         \
          " (enabled only when PrintGCDetails)")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceReferenceGC, false,                                    \
          "Trace handling of soft/weak/final/phantom references")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceFinalizerRegistration, false,                          \
         "Trace registration of final references")                          \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceScavenge, false,                                    \
          "Trace scavenge")                                                 \
                                                                            \
  product_rw(bool, TraceClassLoading, false,                                \
          "Trace all classes loaded")                                       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceClassLoadingPreorder, false,                           \
          "Trace all classes loaded in order referenced (not loaded)")      \
                                                                            \
  product_rw(bool, TraceClassUnloading, false,                              \
          "Trace unloading of classes")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product_rw(bool, TraceLoaderConstraints, false,                           \
          "Trace loader constraints")                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceClassLoaderData, false,                                \
          "Trace class loader loader_data lifetime")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, InitialBootClassLoaderMetaspaceSize,                       \
          NOT_LP64(2200*K) LP64_ONLY(4*M),                                  \
          "Initial size of the boot class loader data metaspace")           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceGen0Time, false,                                       \
          "Trace accumulated time for Gen 0 collection")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceGen1Time, false,                                       \
          "Trace accumulated time for Gen 1 collection")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintTenuringDistribution, false,                           \
          "Print tenuring age information")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product_rw(bool, PrintHeapAtGC, false,                                    \
          "Print heap layout before and after each GC")                     \
                                                                            \
  product_rw(bool, PrintHeapAtGCExtended, false,                            \
          "Prints extended information about the layout of the heap "       \
          "when -XX:+PrintHeapAtGC is set")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintHeapAtSIGBREAK, true,                                  \
          "Print heap layout in response to SIGBREAK")                      \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintClassHistogramBeforeFullGC, false,                  \
          "Print a class histogram before any major stop-world GC")         \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintClassHistogramAfterFullGC, false,                   \
          "Print a class histogram after any major stop-world GC")          \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintClassHistogram, false,                              \
          "Print a histogram of class instances")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceWorkGang, false,                                       \
          "Trace activities of work gangs")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceParallelOldGCTasks, false,                             \
          "Trace multithreaded GC activity")                                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceBlockOffsetTable, false,                               \
          "Print BlockOffsetTable maps")                                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCardTableModRefBS, false,                              \
          "Print CardTableModRefBS maps")                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceGCTaskManager, false,                                  \
          "Trace actions of the GC task manager")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceGCTaskQueue, false,                                    \
          "Trace actions of the GC task queues")                            \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, TraceGCTaskThread, false,                                \
          "Trace actions of the GC task threads")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintParallelOldGCPhaseTimes, false,                        \
          "Print the time taken by each parallel old gc phase."             \
          "PrintGCDetails must also be enabled.")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceParallelOldGCMarkingPhase, false,                      \
          "Trace parallel old gc marking phase")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceParallelOldGCSummaryPhase, false,                      \
          "Trace parallel old gc summary phase")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceParallelOldGCCompactionPhase, false,                   \
          "Trace parallel old gc compaction phase")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceParallelOldGCDensePrefix, false,                       \
          "Trace parallel old gc dense prefix computation")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, IgnoreLibthreadGPFault, false,                              \
          "Suppress workaround for libthread GP fault")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintJNIGCStalls, false,                                    \
          "Print diagnostic message when GC is stalled"                     \
          "by JNI critical section")                                        \
                                                                            \
  /* GC log rotation setting */                                             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseGCLogFileRotation, false,                                \
          "Prevent large gclog file for long running app. "                 \
          "Requires -Xloggc:<filename>")                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, NumberOfGCLogFiles, 0,                                     \
          "Number of gclog files in rotation, "                             \
          "Default: 0, no rotation")                                        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCLogFileSize, 0,                                          \
          "GC log file size, Default: 0 bytes, no rotation "                \
          "Only valid with UseGCLogFileRotation")                           \
                                                                            \
  /* JVMTI heap profiling */                                                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, TraceJVMTIObjectTagging, false,                          \
          "Trace JVMTI object tagging calls")                               \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyBeforeIteration, false,                            \
          "Verify memory system before JVMTI iteration")                    \
                                                                            \
  /* compiler interface */                                                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CIPrintCompilerName, false,                                 \
          "when CIPrint is active, print the name of the active compiler")  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CIPrintCompileQueue, false,                                 \
          "display the contents of the compile queue whenever a "           \
          "compilation is enqueued")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CIPrintRequests, false,                                     \
          "display every request for compilation")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CITime, false,                                              \
          "collect timing information for compilation")                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CITimeEach, false,                                          \
          "display timing information after each successful compilation")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CICountOSR, false,                                          \
          "use a separate counter when assigning ids to osr compilations")  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CICompileNatives, true,                                     \
          "compile native methods if supported by the compiler")            \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, CICompileOSR,                                            \
          "compile on stack replacement methods if supported by the "       \
          "compiler")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CIPrintMethodCodes, false,                                  \
          "print method bytecodes of the compiled code")                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CIPrintTypeFlow, false,                                     \
          "print the results of ciTypeFlow analysis")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CITraceTypeFlow, false,                                     \
          "detailed per-bytecode tracing of ciTypeFlow analysis")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, OSROnlyBCI, -1,                                             \
          "OSR only at this bci.  Negative values mean exclude that bci")   \
                                                                            \
  /* compiler */                                                            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CICompilerCount, CI_COMPILER_COUNT,                         \
          "Number of compiler threads to run")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CompilationPolicyChoice, 0,                                 \
          "which compilation policy (0/1)")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseStackBanging, true,                                      \
          "use stack banging for stack overflow checks (required for "      \
          "proper StackOverflow handling; disable only to measure cost "    \
          "of stackbanging)")                                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseStrictFP, true,                                          \
          "use strict fp if modifier strictfp is set")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, GenerateSynchronizationCode, true,                          \
          "generate locking/unlocking code for synchronized methods and "   \
          "monitors")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, GenerateCompilerNullChecks, true,                           \
          "Generate explicit null checks for loads/stores/calls")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, GenerateRangeChecks, true,                                  \
          "Generate range checks for array accesses")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, ImplicitNullChecks,                                      \
          "generate code for implicit null checks")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintSafepointStatistics, false,                            \
          "print statistics about safepoint synchronization")               \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrintSafepointStatisticsCount, 300,                         \
          "total number of safepoint statistics collected "                 \
          "before printing them out")                                       \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrintSafepointStatisticsTimeout,  -1,                       \
          "print safepoint statistics only when safepoint takes"            \
          " more than PrintSafepointSatisticsTimeout in millis")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TraceSafepointCleanupTime, false,                           \
          "print the break down of clean up tasks performed during"         \
          " safepoint")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, Inline, true,                                               \
          "enable inlining")                                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ClipInlining, true,                                         \
          "clip inlining if aggregate method exceeds DesiredMethodLimit")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseCHA, true,                                               \
          "enable CHA")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseTypeProfile, true,                                       \
          "Check interpreter profile for historically monomorphic calls")   \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TimeCompiler, false,                                     \
          "time the compiler")                                              \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintInlining, false,                                    \
          "prints inlining optimizations")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UsePopCountInstruction, false,                              \
          "Use population count instruction")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, EagerInitialization, false,                                 \
          "Eagerly initialize classes if possible")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceMethodReplacement, false,                              \
          "Print when methods are replaced do to recompilation")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintMethodFlushing, false,                                 \
          "print the nmethods being flushed")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseRelocIndex, false,                                       \
         "use an index to speed random access to relocations")              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, StressCodeBuffers, false,                                   \
         "Exercise code buffer expansion and other rare state changes")     \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, DebugNonSafepoints, trueInDebug,                         \
         "Generate extra debugging info for non-safepoints in nmethods")    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintVMOptions, false,                                      \
         "Print flags that appeared on the command line")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions, false,                         \
         "Ignore unrecognized VM options")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintCommandLineFlags, false,                               \
         "Print flags specified on command line or set by ergonomics")      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintFlagsInitial, false,                                   \
         "Print all VM flags before argument processing and exit VM")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintFlagsFinal, false,                                     \
         "Print all VM flags after argument and ergonomic processing")      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintFlagsWithComments, false,                           \
         "Print all VM flags with default values and descriptions and exit")\
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, SerializeVMOutput, true,                                 \
         "Use a mutex to serialize output to tty and hotspot.log")          \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, DisplayVMOutput, true,                                   \
         "Display all VM output on the tty, independently of LogVMOutput")  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, LogVMOutput, trueInDebug,                                \
         "Save VM output to hotspot.log, or to LogFile")                    \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(ccstr, LogFile, NULL,                                          \
         "If LogVMOutput is on, save VM output to this file [hotspot.log]") \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, ErrorFile, NULL,                                           \
         "If an error occurs, save the error data to this file "            \
         "[default: ./hs_err_pid%p.log] (%p replaced with pid)")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DisplayVMOutputToStderr, false,                             \
         "If DisplayVMOutput is true, display all VM output to stderr")     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DisplayVMOutputToStdout, false,                             \
         "If DisplayVMOutput is true, display all VM output to stdout")     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseHeavyMonitors, false,                                    \
          "use heavyweight instead of lightweight Java monitors")           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintStringTableStatistics, false,                          \
          "print statistics about the StringTable and SymbolTable")         \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintSymbolTableSizeHistogram, false,                    \
          "print histogram of the symbol table")                            \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ExitVMOnVerifyError, false,                              \
          "standard exit from VM if bytecode verify error "                 \
          "(only in debug mode)")                                           \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(ccstr, AbortVMOnException, NULL,                               \
          "Call fatal if this exception is thrown.  Example: "              \
          "java -XX:AbortVMOnException=java.lang.NullPointerException Foo") \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(ccstr, AbortVMOnExceptionMessage, NULL,                        \
          "Call fatal if the exception pointed by AbortVMOnException "      \
          "has this message.")                                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DebugVtables, false,                                        \
          "add debugging code to vtable dispatch")                          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintVtables, false,                                        \
          "print vtables when printing klass")                              \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintVtableStats, false,                                 \
          "print vtables stats at end of run")                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCreateZombies, false,                                  \
          "trace creation of zombie nmethods")                              \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, IgnoreLockingAssertions, false,                          \
          "disable locking assertions (for speed)")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RangeCheckElimination, true,                                \
          "Split loop iterations to eliminate range checks")                \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, UncommonNullCast,                                        \
          "track occurrences of null in casts; adjust compiler tactics")    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TypeProfileCasts,  true,                                    \
          "treat casts like calls for purposes of type profiling")          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DelayCompilationDuringStartup, true,                        \
          "Delay invoking the compiler until main application class is "    \
          "loaded")                                                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CompileTheWorld, false,                                     \
          "Compile all methods in all classes in bootstrap class path "     \
          "(stress test)")                                                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CompileTheWorldPreloadClasses, true,                        \
          "Preload all classes used by a class before start loading")       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, CompileTheWorldSafepointInterval, 100,                   \
          "Force a safepoint every n compiles so sweeper can keep up")      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, FillDelaySlots, true,                                       \
          "Fill delay slots (on SPARC only)")                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TimeLivenessAnalysis, false,                                \
          "Time computation of bytecode liveness analysis")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceLivenessGen, false,                                    \
          "Trace the generation of liveness analysis information")          \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceLivenessQuery, false,                               \
          "Trace queries of liveness analysis information")                 \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CollectIndexSetStatistics, false,                        \
          "Collect information about IndexSets")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseLoopSafepoints, true,                                    \
          "Generate Safepoint nodes in every loop")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, FastAllocateSizeLimit, 128*K,                               \
          /* Note:  This value is zero mod 1<<13 for a cheap sparc set. */  \
          "Inline allocations larger than this in doublewords must go slow")\
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AggressiveOpts, false,                                      \
          "Enable aggressive optimizations - see arguments.cpp")            \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseStringCache, false,                                      \
          "Enable String cache capabilities on String.java")                \
                                                                            \
  /* statistics */                                                          \
  develop(bool, CountCompiledCalls, false,                                  \
          "counts method invocations")                                      \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CountRuntimeCalls, false,                                \
          "counts VM runtime calls")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CountJNICalls, false,                                       \
          "counts jni method invocations")                                  \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CountJVMCalls, false,                                    \
          "counts jvm method invocations")                                  \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CountRemovableExceptions, false,                         \
          "count exceptions that could be replaced by branches due to "     \
          "inlining")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ICMissHistogram, false,                                  \
          "produce histogram of IC misses")                                 \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintClassStatistics, false,                             \
          "prints class statistics at end of run")                          \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, PrintMethodStatistics, false,                            \
          "prints method statistics at end of run")                         \
                                                                            \
  /* interpreter */                                                         \
  develop(bool, ClearInterpreterLocals, false,                              \
          "Always clear local variables of interpreter activations upon "   \
          "entry")                                                          \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, RewriteBytecodes,                                        \
          "Allow rewriting of bytecodes (bytecodes are not immutable)")     \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, RewriteFrequentPairs,                                    \
          "Rewrite frequently used bytecode pairs into a single bytecode")  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintInterpreter, false,                                 \
          "Prints the generated interpreter code")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseInterpreter, true,                                       \
          "Use interpreter for non-compiled methods")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseFastSignatureHandlers, true,                             \
          "Use fast signature handlers for native calls")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseLoopCounter, true,                                       \
          "Increment invocation counter on backward branch")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseFastEmptyMethods, true,                                  \
          "Use fast method entry code for empty methods")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseFastAccessorMethods, true,                               \
          "Use fast method entry code for accessor methods")                \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, UseOnStackReplacement,                                   \
           "Use on stack replacement, calls runtime if invoc. counter "     \
           "overflows in loop")                                             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, TraceOnStackReplacement, false,                          \
          "Trace on stack replacement")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, PreferInterpreterNativeStubs,                            \
          "Use always interpreter stubs for native methods invoked via "    \
          "interpreter")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CountBytecodes, false,                                      \
          "Count number of bytecodes executed")                             \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintBytecodeHistogram, false,                              \
          "Print histogram of the executed bytecodes")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintBytecodePairHistogram, false,                          \
          "Print histogram of the executed bytecode pairs")                 \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintSignatureHandlers, false,                           \
          "Print code generated for native method signature handlers")      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyOops, false,                                          \
          "Do plausibility checks for oops")                                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, CheckUnhandledOops, false,                                  \
          "Check for unhandled oops in VM code")                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyJNIFields, trueInDebug,                               \
          "Verify jfieldIDs for instance fields")                           \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, VerifyJNIEnvThread, false,                               \
          "Verify JNIEnv.thread == Thread::current() when entering VM "     \
          "from JNI")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyFPU, false,                                           \
          "Verify FPU state (check for NaN's, etc.)")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyThread, false,                                        \
          "Watch the thread register for corruption (SPARC only)")          \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyActivationFrameSize, false,                           \
          "Verify that activation frame didn't become smaller than its "    \
          "minimal size")                                                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceFrequencyInlining, false,                              \
          "Trace frequency based inlining")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, InlineIntrinsics,                                        \
           "Inline intrinsics that can be statically resolved")             \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, ProfileInterpreter,                                      \
           "Profile at the bytecode level during interpretation")           \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(bool, ProfileTraps,                                            \
          "Profile deoptimization traps at the bytecode level")             \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ProfileMaturityPercentage, 20,                              \
          "number of method invocations/branches (expressed as % of "       \
          "CompileThreshold) before using the method's profile")            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PrintMethodData, false,                                     \
           "Print the results of +ProfileInterpreter at end of run")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyDataPointer, trueInDebug,                             \
          "Verify the method data pointer during interpreter profiling")    \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyCompiledCode, false,                                  \
          "Include miscellaneous runtime verifications in nmethod code; "   \
          "default off because it disturbs nmethod size heuristics")        \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CrashGCForDumpingJavaThread, false,                      \
          "Manually make GC thread crash then dump java stack trace;  "     \
          "Test only")                                                      \
                                                                            \
  /* compilation */                                                         \
  product(bool, UseCompiler, true,                                          \
          "use compilation")                                                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceCompilationPolicy, false,                              \
          "Trace compilation policy")                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TimeCompilationPolicy, false,                               \
          "Time the compilation policy")                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCounterDecay, true,                                      \
           "adjust recompilation counters")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CounterHalfLifeTime,    30,                                 \
          "half-life time of invocation counters (in secs)")                \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CounterDecayMinIntervalLength,   500,                       \
          "Min. ms. between invocation of CounterDecay")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AlwaysCompileLoopMethods, false,                            \
          "when using recompilation, never interpret methods "              \
          "containing loops")                                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DontCompileHugeMethods, true,                               \
          "don't compile methods > HugeMethodLimit")                        \
                                                                            \
  /* Bytecode escape analysis estimation. */                                \
  product(bool, EstimateArgEscape, true,                                    \
          "Analyze bytecodes to estimate escape state of arguments")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, BCEATraceLevel, 0,                                          \
          "How much tracing to do of bytecode escape analysis estimates")   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxBCEAEstimateLevel, 5,                                    \
          "Maximum number of nested calls that are analyzed by BC EA.")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxBCEAEstimateSize, 150,                                   \
          "Maximum bytecode size of a method to be analyzed by BC EA.")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchStyle, 1,                                  \
          "0 = no prefetch, "                                               \
          "1 = prefetch instructions for each allocation, "                 \
          "2 = use TLAB watermark to gate allocation prefetch, "            \
          "3 = use BIS instruction on Sparc for allocation prefetch")       \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchDistance, -1,                              \
          "Distance to prefetch ahead of allocation pointer")               \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchLines, 3,                                  \
          "Number of lines to prefetch ahead of array allocation pointer")  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocateInstancePrefetchLines, 1,                          \
          "Number of lines to prefetch ahead of instance allocation pointer") \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchStepSize, 16,                              \
          "Step size in bytes of sequential prefetch instructions")         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchInstr, 0,                                  \
          "Prefetch instruction to prefetch ahead of allocation pointer")   \
                                                                            \
  /* deoptimization */                                                      \
  develop(bool, TraceDeoptimization, false,                                 \
          "Trace deoptimization")                                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DebugDeoptimization, false,                                 \
          "Tracing various information while debugging deoptimization")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SelfDestructTimer, 0,                                       \
          "Will cause VM to terminate after a given time (in minutes) "     \
          "(0 means off)")                                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxJavaStackTraceDepth, 1024,                               \
          "Max. no. of lines in the stack trace for Java exceptions "       \
          "(0 means all)")                                                  \
                                                                            \
  NOT_EMBEDDED(diagnostic(intx, GuaranteedSafepointInterval, 1000,          \
          "Guarantee a safepoint (at least) every so many milliseconds "    \
          "(0 means none)"))                                                \
                                                                            \
  EMBEDDED_ONLY(product(intx, GuaranteedSafepointInterval, 0,               \
          "Guarantee a safepoint (at least) every so many milliseconds "    \
          "(0 means none)"))                                                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SafepointTimeoutDelay, 10000,                               \
          "Delay in milliseconds for option SafepointTimeout")              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NmethodSweepFraction, 16,                                   \
          "Number of invocations of sweeper to cover all nmethods")         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, NmethodSweepCheckInterval, 5,                               \
          "Compilers wake up every n seconds to possibly sweep nmethods")   \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, LogSweeper, false,                                       \
            "Keep a ring buffer of sweeper activity")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, SweeperLogEntries, 1024,                                 \
            "Number of records in the ring buffer of sweeper activity")     \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, MemProfilingInterval, 500,                               \
          "Time between each invocation of the MemProfiler")                \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, MallocCatchPtr, -1,                                         \
          "Hit breakpoint when mallocing/freeing this pointer")             \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, AssertRepeat, 1,                                         \
          "number of times to evaluate expression in assert "               \
          "(to estimate overhead); only works with -DUSE_REPEATED_ASSERTS") \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(ccstrlist, SuppressErrorAt, "",                                \
          "List of assertions (file:line) to muzzle")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(uintx, HandleAllocationLimit, 1024,                            \
          "Threshold for HandleMark allocation when +TraceHandleAllocation "\
          "is used")                                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, TotalHandleAllocationLimit, 1024,                          \
          "Threshold for total handle allocation when "                     \
          "+TraceHandleAllocation is used")                                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, StackPrintLimit, 100,                                       \
          "number of stack frames to print in VM-level stack dump")         \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, MaxElementPrintSize, 256,                                \
          "maximum number of elements to print")                            \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, MaxSubklassPrintSize, 4,                                 \
          "maximum number of subklasses to print when printing klass")      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxInlineLevel, 9,                                          \
          "maximum number of nested calls that are inlined")                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxRecursiveInlineLevel, 1,                                 \
          "maximum number of nested recursive calls that are inlined")      \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, InlineSmallCode,                                         \
          "Only inline already compiled methods if their code size is "     \
          "less than this")                                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxInlineSize, 35,                                          \
          "maximum bytecode size of a method to be inlined")                \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, FreqInlineSize,                                          \
          "maximum bytecode size of a frequent method to be inlined")       \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MaxTrivialSize, 6,                                          \
          "maximum bytecode size of a trivial method to be inlined")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MinInliningThreshold, 250,                                  \
          "min. invocation count a method needs to have to be inlined")     \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, MethodHistogramCutoff, 100,                                 \
          "cutoff value for method invoc. histogram (+CountCalls)")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerNumberOfInterpretedMethods, 25,                     \
          "# of interpreted methods to show in profile")                    \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerNumberOfCompiledMethods, 25,                        \
          "# of compiled methods to show in profile")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerNumberOfStubMethods, 25,                            \
          "# of stub methods to show in profile")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerNumberOfRuntimeStubNodes, 25,                       \
          "# of runtime stub nodes to show in profile")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ProfileIntervalsTicks, 100,                                 \
          "# of ticks between printing of interval profile "                \
          "(+ProfileIntervals)")                                            \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, ScavengeALotInterval,     1,                             \
          "Interval between which scavenge will occur with +ScavengeALot")  \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, FullGCALotInterval,     1,                               \
          "Interval between which full gc will occur with +FullGCALot")     \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, FullGCALotStart,     0,                                  \
          "For which invocation to start FullGCAlot")                       \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, FullGCALotDummies,  32*K,                                \
          "Dummy object allocated with +FullGCALot, forcing all objects "   \
          "to move")                                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, DontYieldALotInterval,    10,                               \
          "Interval between which yields will be dropped (milliseconds)")   \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, MinSleepInterval,     1,                                    \
          "Minimum sleep() interval (milliseconds) when "                   \
          "ConvertSleepToYield is off (used for SOLARIS)")                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerPCTickThreshold,    15,                             \
          "Number of ticks in a PC buckets to be a hotspot")                \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, DeoptimizeALotInterval,     5,                           \
          "Number of exits until DeoptimizeALot kicks in")                  \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, ZombieALotInterval,     5,                               \
          "Number of exits until ZombieALot kicks in")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, StressNonEntrant, false,                                    \
          "Mark nmethods non-entrant at registration")                      \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, MallocVerifyInterval,     0,                             \
          "if non-zero, verify C heap after every N calls to "              \
          "malloc/realloc/free")                                            \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, MallocVerifyStart,     0,                                \
          "if non-zero, start verifying C heap after Nth call to "          \
          "malloc/realloc/free")                                            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TypeProfileWidth,     2,                                    \
          "number of receiver types to record in call/cast profile")        \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, BciProfileWidth,      2,                                    \
          "number of return bci's to record in ret profile")                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerMethodRecompilationCutoff, 400,                          \
          "After recompiling N times, stay in the interpreter (-1=>'Inf')") \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerBytecodeRecompilationCutoff, 200,                        \
          "Per-BCI limit on repeated recompilation (-1=>'Inf')")            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerMethodTrapLimit,  100,                                   \
          "Limit on traps (of one kind) in a method (includes inlines)")    \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerBytecodeTrapLimit,  4,                                   \
          "Limit on traps (of one kind) at a particular BCI")               \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, InlineFrequencyRatio,    20,                                \
          "Ratio of call site execution to caller method invocation")       \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(intx, InlineFrequencyCount,                                    \
          "Count of call site execution necessary to trigger frequent "     \
          "inlining")                                                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, InlineThrowCount,    50,                                    \
          "Force inlining of interpreted methods that throw this often")    \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, InlineThrowMaxSize,   200,                                  \
          "Force inlining of throwing methods smaller than this")           \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ProfilerNodeSize,  1024,                                    \
          "Size in K to allocate for the Profile Nodes of each thread")     \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, PreInflateSpin,                                          \
          "Number of times to spin wait before inflation")                  \
                                                                            \
  /* gc parameters */                                                       \
  product(uintx, InitialHeapSize, 0,                                        \
          "Initial heap size (in bytes); zero means OldSize + NewSize")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxHeapSize, ScaleForWordSize(96*M),                       \
          "Maximum heap size (in bytes)")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, OldSize, ScaleForWordSize(4*M),                            \
          "Initial tenured generation size (in bytes)")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, NewSize, ScaleForWordSize(1*M),                            \
          "Initial new generation size (in bytes)")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxNewSize, max_uintx,                                     \
          "Maximum new generation size (in bytes), max_uintx means set "    \
          "ergonomically")                                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, PretenureSizeThreshold, 0,                                 \
          "Maximum size in bytes of objects allocated in DefNew "           \
          "generation; zero means no maximum")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TLABSize, 0,                                               \
          "Starting TLAB size (in bytes); zero means set ergonomically")    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinTLABSize, 2*K,                                          \
          "Minimum allowed TLAB size (in bytes)")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TLABAllocationWeight, 35,                                  \
          "Allocation averaging weight")                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TLABWasteTargetPercent, 1,                                 \
          "Percentage of Eden that can be wasted")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TLABRefillWasteFraction,    64,                            \
          "Max TLAB waste at a refill (internal fragmentation)")            \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TLABWasteIncrement,    4,                                  \
          "Increment allowed waste at slow allocation")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SurvivorRatio, 8,                                          \
          "Ratio of eden/survivor space size")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, NewRatio, 2,                                               \
          "Ratio of new/old generation sizes")                              \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, NewSizeThreadIncrease,                                  \
          "Additional size added to desired new generation size per "       \
          "non-daemon thread (in bytes)")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, MetaspaceSize,                                          \
          "Initial size of Metaspaces (in bytes)")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxMetaspaceSize, max_uintx,                               \
          "Maximum size of Metaspaces (in bytes)")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ClassMetaspaceSize, 2*M,                                   \
          "Maximum size of InstanceKlass area in Metaspace used for "       \
          "UseCompressedKlassPointers")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinHeapFreeRatio,    40,                                   \
          "Min percentage of heap free after GC to avoid expansion")        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxHeapFreeRatio,    70,                                   \
          "Max percentage of heap free after GC to avoid shrinking")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB, 1000,                              \
          "Number of milliseconds per MB of free space in the heap")        \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinHeapDeltaBytes, ScaleForWordSize(128*K),                \
          "Min change in heap space due to GC (in bytes)")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinMetaspaceExpansion, ScaleForWordSize(256*K),            \
          "Min expansion of Metaspace (in bytes)")                          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MinMetaspaceFreeRatio,    40,                              \
          "Min percentage of Metaspace free after GC to avoid expansion")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxMetaspaceFreeRatio,    70,                              \
          "Max percentage of Metaspace free after GC to avoid shrinking")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxMetaspaceExpansion, ScaleForWordSize(4*M),              \
          "Max expansion of Metaspace without full GC (in bytes)")          \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, QueuedAllocationWarningCount, 0,                            \
          "Number of times an allocation that queues behind a GC "          \
          "will retry before printing a warning")                           \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(uintx, VerifyGCStartAt,   0,                                   \
          "GC invoke count where +VerifyBefore/AfterGC kicks in")           \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(intx, VerifyGCLevel,     0,                                    \
          "Generation level at which to start +VerifyBefore/AfterGC")       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxTenuringThreshold,    15,                               \
          "Maximum value for tenuring threshold")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, InitialTenuringThreshold,    7,                            \
          "Initial value for tenuring threshold")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, TargetSurvivorRatio,    50,                                \
          "Desired percentage of survivor space used after scavenge")       \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MarkSweepDeadRatio,     5,                                 \
          "Percentage (0-100) of the old gen allowed as dead wood."         \
          "Serial mark sweep treats this as both the min and max value."    \
          "CMS uses this value only if it falls back to mark sweep."        \
          "Par compact uses a variable scale based on the density of the"   \
          "generation and treats this as the max value when the heap is"    \
          "either completely full or completely empty.  Par compact also"   \
          "has a smaller default value; see arguments.cpp.")                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, MarkSweepAlwaysCompactCount,     4,                         \
          "How often should we fully compact the heap (ignoring the dead "  \
          "space parameters)")                                              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrintCMSStatistics, 0,                                      \
          "Statistics for CMS")                                             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintCMSInitiationStatistics, false,                        \
          "Statistics for initiating a CMS collection")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrintFLSStatistics, 0,                                      \
          "Statistics for CMS' FreeListSpace")                              \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PrintFLSCensus, 0,                                          \
          "Census for CMS' FreeListSpace")                                  \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, GCExpandToAllocateDelayMillis, 0,                          \
          "Delay in ms between expansion and allocation")                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(uintx, GCWorkerDelayMillis, 0,                                    \
          "Delay in ms in scheduling GC workers")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, DeferThrSuspendLoopCount,     4000,                         \
          "(Unstable) Number of times to iterate in safepoint loop "        \
          " before blocking VM threads ")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, DeferPollingPageLoopCount,     -1,                          \
          "(Unsafe,Unstable) Number of iterations in safepoint loop "       \
          "before changing safepoint polling page to RO ")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, SafepointSpinBeforeYield, 2000,  "(Unstable)")              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PSChunkLargeArrays, true,                                   \
          "true: process large arrays in chunks")                           \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, GCDrainStackTargetSize, 64,                                \
          "how many entries we'll try to leave on the stack during "        \
          "parallel GC")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  /* stack parameters */                                                    \
  product_pd(intx, StackYellowPages,                                        \
          "Number of yellow zone (recoverable overflows) pages")            \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, StackRedPages,                                           \
          "Number of red zone (unrecoverable overflows) pages")             \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, StackShadowPages,                                        \
          "Number of shadow zone (for overflow checking) pages"             \
          " this should exceed the depth of the VM and native call stack")  \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, ThreadStackSize,                                         \
          "Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, VMThreadStackSize,                                       \
          "Non-Java Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                         \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, CompilerThreadStackSize,                                 \
          "Compiler Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(uintx, JVMInvokeMethodSlack,                                   \
          "Stack space (bytes) required for JVM_InvokeMethod to complete")  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, ThreadSafetyMargin, 50*M,                                  \
          "Thread safety margin is used on fixed-stack LinuxThreads (on "   \
          "Linux/x86 only) to prevent heap-stack collision. Set to 0 to "   \
          "disable this feature")                                           \
                                                                            \
  /* code cache parameters */                                               \
  develop(uintx, CodeCacheSegmentSize, 64,                                  \
          "Code cache segment size (in bytes) - smallest unit of "          \
          "allocation")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(intx, CodeEntryAlignment,                                      \
          "Code entry alignment for generated code (in bytes)")             \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, OptoLoopAlignment,                                       \
          "Align inner loops to zero relative to this modulus")             \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, InitialCodeCacheSize,                                   \
          "Initial code cache size (in bytes)")                             \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, ReservedCodeCacheSize,                                  \
          "Reserved code cache size (in bytes) - maximum code cache size")  \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace, 500*K,                          \
          "When less than X space left, we stop compiling.")                \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(uintx, CodeCacheExpansionSize,                                 \
          "Code cache expansion size (in bytes)")                           \
                                                                            \
  develop_pd(uintx, CodeCacheMinBlockLength,                                \
          "Minimum number of segments in a code cache block.")              \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, ExitOnFullCodeCache, false,                              \
          "Exit the VM if we fill the code cache.")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseCodeCacheFlushing, true,                                 \
          "Attempt to clean the code cache before shutting off compiler")   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx,  MinCodeCacheFlushingInterval, 30,                          \
          "Min number of seconds between code cache cleaning sessions")     \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx,  CodeCacheFlushingMinimumFreeSpace, 1500*K,                \
          "When less than X space left, start code cache cleaning")         \
                                                                            \
  /* interpreter debugging */                                               \
  develop(intx, BinarySwitchThreshold, 5,                                   \
          "Minimal number of lookupswitch entries for rewriting to binary " \
          "switch")                                                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, StopInterpreterAt, 0,                                       \
          "Stops interpreter execution at specified bytecode number")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, TraceBytecodesAt, 0,                                        \
          "Traces bytecodes starting with specified bytecode number")       \
                                                                            \
  /* compiler interface */                                                  \
  develop(intx, CIStart, 0,                                                 \
          "the id of the first compilation to permit")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIStop,    -1,                                              \
          "the id of the last compilation to permit")                       \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIStartOSR,     0,                                          \
          "the id of the first osr compilation to permit "                  \
          "(CICountOSR must be on)")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIStopOSR,    -1,                                           \
          "the id of the last osr compilation to permit "                   \
          "(CICountOSR must be on)")                                        \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIBreakAtOSR,    -1,                                        \
          "id of osr compilation to break at")                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIBreakAt,    -1,                                           \
          "id of compilation to break at")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstrlist, CompileOnly, "",                                       \
          "List of methods (pkg/class.name) to restrict compilation to")    \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, CompileCommandFile, NULL,                                  \
          "Read compiler commands from this file [.hotspot_compiler]")      \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstrlist, CompileCommand, "",                                    \
          "Prepend to .hotspot_compiler; e.g. log,java/lang/String.<init>") \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ReplayCompiles, false,                                      \
          "Enable replay of compilations from ReplayDataFile")              \
                                                                            \
  develop(ccstr, ReplayDataFile, "replay.txt",                              \
          "file containing compilation replay information")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, ReplaySuppressInitializers, 2,                              \
          "Controls handling of class initialization during replay"         \
          "0 - don't do anything special"                                   \
          "1 - treat all class initializers as empty"                       \
          "2 - treat class initializers for application classes as empty"   \
          "3 - allow all class initializers to run during bootstrap but"    \
          "    pretend they are empty after starting replay")               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ReplayIgnoreInitErrors, false,                              \
          "Ignore exceptions thrown during initialization for replay")      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, DumpReplayDataOnError, true,                                \
          "record replay data for crashing compiler threads")               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CICompilerCountPerCPU, false,                               \
          "1 compiler thread for log(N CPUs)")                              \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, CIFireOOMAt,    -1,                                         \
          "Fire OutOfMemoryErrors throughout CI for testing the compiler "  \
          "(non-negative value throws OOM after this many CI accesses "     \
          "in each compile)")                                               \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(bool, CIObjectFactoryVerify, false,                            \
          "enable potentially expensive verification in ciObjectFactory")   \
                                                                            \
  /* Priorities */                                                          \
  product_pd(bool, UseThreadPriorities,  "Use native thread priorities")    \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, ThreadPriorityPolicy, 0,                                    \
          "0 : Normal.                                                     "\
          "    VM chooses priorities that are appropriate for normal       "\
          "    applications. On Solaris NORM_PRIORITY and above are mapped "\
          "    to normal native priority. Java priorities below NORM_PRIORITY"\
          "    map to lower native priority values. On Windows applications"\
          "    are allowed to use higher native priorities. However, with  "\
          "    ThreadPriorityPolicy=0, VM will not use the highest possible"\
          "    native priority, THREAD_PRIORITY_TIME_CRITICAL, as it may   "\
          "    interfere with system threads. On Linux thread priorities   "\
          "    are ignored because the OS does not support static priority "\
          "    in SCHED_OTHER scheduling class which is the only choice for"\
          "    non-root, non-realtime applications.                        "\
          "1 : Aggressive.                                                 "\
          "    Java thread priorities map over to the entire range of      "\
          "    native thread priorities. Higher Java thread priorities map "\
          "    to higher native thread priorities. This policy should be   "\
          "    used with care, as sometimes it can cause performance       "\
          "    degradation in the application and/or the entire system. On "\
          "    Linux this policy requires root privilege.")                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ThreadPriorityVerbose, false,                               \
          "Print priority changes")                                         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, DefaultThreadPriority, -1,                                  \
          "The native priority at which threads run if not elsewhere "      \
          "specified (-1 means no change)")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, CompilerThreadPriority, -1,                                 \
          "The native priority at which compiler threads should run "       \
          "(-1 means no change)")                                           \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, VMThreadPriority, -1,                                       \
          "The native priority at which the VM thread should run "          \
          "(-1 means no change)")                                           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, CompilerThreadHintNoPreempt, true,                          \
          "(Solaris only) Give compiler threads an extra quanta")           \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, VMThreadHintNoPreempt, false,                               \
          "(Solaris only) Give VM thread an extra quanta")                  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, JavaPriority1_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority2_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority3_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority4_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority5_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority6_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority7_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority8_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority9_To_OSPriority, -1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
  product(intx, JavaPriority10_To_OSPriority,-1, "Map Java priorities to OS priorities") \
                                                                            \
  experimental(bool, UseCriticalJavaThreadPriority, false,                  \
          "Java thread priority 10 maps to critical scheduling priority")   \
                                                                            \
  experimental(bool, UseCriticalCompilerThreadPriority, false,              \
          "Compiler thread(s) run at critical scheduling priority")         \
                                                                            \
  experimental(bool, UseCriticalCMSThreadPriority, false,                   \
          "ConcurrentMarkSweep thread runs at critical scheduling priority")\
                                                                            \
  /* compiler debugging */                                                  \
  notproduct(intx, CompileTheWorldStartAt,     1,                           \
          "First class to consider when using +CompileTheWorld")            \
                                                                            \
  notproduct(intx, CompileTheWorldStopAt, max_jint,                         \
          "Last class to consider when using +CompileTheWorld")             \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, NewCodeParameter,      0,                                   \
          "Testing Only: Create a dedicated integer parameter before "      \
          "putback")                                                        \
                                                                            \
  /* new oopmap storage allocation */                                       \
  develop(intx, MinOopMapAllocation,     8,                                 \
          "Minimum number of OopMap entries in an OopMapSet")               \
                                                                            \
  /* Background Compilation */                                              \
  develop(intx, LongCompileThreshold,     50,                               \
          "Used with +TraceLongCompiles")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, StarvationMonitorInterval,    200,                          \
          "Pause between each check in ms")                                 \
                                                                            \
  /* recompilation */                                                       \
  product_pd(intx, CompileThreshold,                                        \
          "number of interpreted method invocations before (re-)compiling") \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, BackEdgeThreshold,                                       \
          "Interpreter Back edge threshold at which an OSR compilation is invoked")\
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier0InvokeNotifyFreqLog, 7,                                \
          "Interpreter (tier 0) invocation notification frequency.")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier2InvokeNotifyFreqLog, 11,                               \
          "C1 without MDO (tier 2) invocation notification frequency.")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3InvokeNotifyFreqLog, 10,                               \
          "C1 with MDO profiling (tier 3) invocation notification "         \
          "frequency.")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier23InlineeNotifyFreqLog, 20,                             \
          "Inlinee invocation (tiers 2 and 3) notification frequency")      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier0BackedgeNotifyFreqLog, 10,                             \
          "Interpreter (tier 0) invocation notification frequency.")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier2BackedgeNotifyFreqLog, 14,                             \
          "C1 without MDO (tier 2) invocation notification frequency.")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3BackedgeNotifyFreqLog, 13,                             \
          "C1 with MDO profiling (tier 3) invocation notification "         \
          "frequency.")                                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier2CompileThreshold, 0,                                   \
          "threshold at which tier 2 compilation is invoked")               \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier2BackEdgeThreshold, 0,                                  \
          "Back edge threshold at which tier 2 compilation is invoked")     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3InvocationThreshold, 200,                              \
          "Compile if number of method invocations crosses this "           \
          "threshold")                                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3MinInvocationThreshold, 100,                           \
          "Minimum invocation to compile at tier 3")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3CompileThreshold, 2000,                                \
          "Threshold at which tier 3 compilation is invoked (invocation "   \
          "minimum must be satisfied.")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3BackEdgeThreshold,  60000,                             \
          "Back edge threshold at which tier 3 OSR compilation is invoked") \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier4InvocationThreshold, 5000,                             \
          "Compile if number of method invocations crosses this "           \
          "threshold")                                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier4MinInvocationThreshold, 600,                           \
          "Minimum invocation to compile at tier 4")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier4CompileThreshold, 15000,                               \
          "Threshold at which tier 4 compilation is invoked (invocation "   \
          "minimum must be satisfied.")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier4BackEdgeThreshold, 40000,                              \
          "Back edge threshold at which tier 4 OSR compilation is invoked") \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3DelayOn, 5,                                            \
          "If C2 queue size grows over this amount per compiler thread "    \
          "stop compiling at tier 3 and start compiling at tier 2")         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3DelayOff, 2,                                           \
          "If C2 queue size is less than this amount per compiler thread "  \
          "allow methods compiled at tier 2 transition to tier 3")          \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier3LoadFeedback, 5,                                       \
          "Tier 3 thresholds will increase twofold when C1 queue size "     \
          "reaches this amount per compiler thread")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier4LoadFeedback, 3,                                       \
          "Tier 4 thresholds will increase twofold when C2 queue size "     \
          "reaches this amount per compiler thread")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TieredCompileTaskTimeout, 50,                               \
          "Kill compile task if method was not used within "                \
          "given timeout in milliseconds")                                  \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TieredStopAtLevel, 4,                                       \
          "Stop at given compilation level")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, Tier0ProfilingStartPercentage, 200,                         \
          "Start profiling in interpreter if the counters exceed tier 3"    \
          "thresholds by the specified percentage")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TieredRateUpdateMinTime, 1,                                 \
          "Minimum rate sampling interval (in milliseconds)")               \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, TieredRateUpdateMaxTime, 25,                                \
          "Maximum rate sampling interval (in milliseconds)")               \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(bool, TieredCompilation,                                       \
          "Enable tiered compilation")                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintTieredEvents, false,                                   \
          "Print tiered events notifications")                              \
                                                                            \
  product_pd(intx, OnStackReplacePercentage,                                \
          "NON_TIERED number of method invocations/branches (expressed as %"\
          "of CompileThreshold) before (re-)compiling OSR code")            \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, InterpreterProfilePercentage, 33,                           \
          "NON_TIERED number of method invocations/branches (expressed as %"\
          "of CompileThreshold) before profiling in the interpreter")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, MaxRecompilationSearchLength,    10,                        \
          "max. # frames to inspect searching for recompilee")              \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, MaxInterpretedSearchLength,     3,                          \
          "max. # interp. frames to skip when searching for recompilee")    \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, DesiredMethodLimit,  8000,                                  \
          "desired max. method size (in bytecodes) after inlining")         \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, HugeMethodLimit,  8000,                                     \
          "don't compile methods larger than this if "                      \
          "+DontCompileHugeMethods")                                        \
                                                                            \
  /* New JDK 1.4 reflection implementation */                               \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, UseNewReflection, true,                                     \
          "Temporary flag for transition to reflection based on dynamic "   \
          "bytecode generation in 1.4; can no longer be turned off in 1.4 " \
          "JDK, and is unneeded in 1.3 JDK, but marks most places VM "      \
          "changes were needed")                                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyReflectionBytecodes, false,                           \
          "Force verification of 1.4 reflection bytecodes. Does not work "  \
          "in situations like that described in 4486457 or for "            \
          "constructors generated for serialization, so can not be enabled "\
          "in product.")                                                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ReflectionWrapResolutionErrors, true,                       \
          "Temporary flag for transition to AbstractMethodError wrapped "   \
          "in InvocationTargetException. See 6531596")                      \
                                                                            \
                                                                            \
  develop(intx, FastSuperclassLimit, 8,                                     \
          "Depth of hardwired instanceof accelerator array")                \
                                                                            \
  /* Properties for Java libraries  */                                      \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, MaxDirectMemorySize, 0,                                    \
          "Maximum total size of NIO direct-buffer allocations")            \
                                                                            \
  /* temporary developer defined flags  */                                  \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, UseNewCode, false,                                       \
          "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, UseNewCode2, false,                                      \
          "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, UseNewCode3, false,                                      \
          "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
                                                                            \
  /* flags for performance data collection */                               \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UsePerfData, falseInEmbedded,                               \
          "Flag to disable jvmstat instrumentation for performance testing" \
          "and problem isolation purposes.")                                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PerfDataSaveToFile, false,                                  \
          "Save PerfData memory to hsperfdata_<pid> file on exit")          \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, PerfDataSaveFile, NULL,                                    \
          "Save PerfData memory to the specified absolute pathname,"        \
           "%p in the file name if present will be replaced by pid")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerfDataSamplingInterval, 50 /*ms*/,                        \
          "Data sampling interval in milliseconds")                         \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PerfTraceDataCreation, false,                               \
          "Trace creation of Performance Data Entries")                     \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, PerfTraceMemOps, false,                                     \
          "Trace PerfMemory create/attach/detach calls")                    \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PerfDisableSharedMem, false,                                \
          "Store performance data in standard memory")                      \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerfDataMemorySize, 32*K,                                   \
          "Size of performance data memory region. Will be rounded "        \
          "up to a multiple of the native os page size.")                   \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, PerfMaxStringConstLength, 1024,                             \
          "Maximum PerfStringConstant string length before truncation")     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PerfAllowAtExitRegistration, false,                         \
          "Allow registration of atexit() methods")                         \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PerfBypassFileSystemCheck, false,                           \
          "Bypass Win32 file system criteria checks (Windows Only)")        \
                                                                            \
  product(intx, UnguardOnExecutionViolation, 0,                             \
          "Unguard page and retry on no-execute fault (Win32 only)"         \
          "0=off, 1=conservative, 2=aggressive")                            \
                                                                            \
  /* Serviceability Support */                                              \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ManagementServer, false,                                    \
          "Create JMX Management Server")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DisableAttachMechanism, false,                              \
         "Disable mechanism that allows tools to attach to this VM")        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, StartAttachListener, false,                                 \
          "Always start Attach Listener at VM startup")                     \
                                                                            \
  manageable(bool, PrintConcurrentLocks, false,                             \
          "Print java.util.concurrent locks in thread dump")                \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, TransmitErrorReport, false,                                 \
          "Enable error report transmission on erroneous termination")      \
                                                                            \
  product(ccstr, ErrorReportServer, NULL,                                   \
          "Override built-in error report server address")                  \
                                                                            \
  /* Shared spaces */                                                       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseSharedSpaces, true,                                      \
          "Use shared spaces for metadata")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RequireSharedSpaces, false,                                 \
          "Require shared spaces for metadata")                             \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DumpSharedSpaces, false,                                    \
           "Special mode: JVM reads a class list, loads classes, builds "   \
            "shared spaces, and dumps the shared spaces to a file to be "   \
            "used in future JVM runs.")                                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintSharedSpaces, false,                                   \
          "Print usage of shared spaces")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SharedReadWriteSize,  NOT_LP64(12*M) LP64_ONLY(16*M),      \
          "Size of read-write space for metadata (in bytes)")               \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SharedReadOnlySize,  NOT_LP64(12*M) LP64_ONLY(16*M),       \
          "Size of read-only space for metadata (in bytes)")                \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SharedMiscDataSize,    NOT_LP64(2*M) LP64_ONLY(4*M),       \
          "Size of the shared miscellaneous data area (in bytes)")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SharedMiscCodeSize,    120*K,                              \
          "Size of the shared miscellaneous code area (in bytes)")          \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, SharedDummyBlockSize, 0,                                   \
          "Size of dummy block used to shift heap addresses (in bytes)")    \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, EnableInvokeDynamic, true,                               \
          "support JSR 292 (method handles, invokedynamic, "                \
          "anonymous classes")                                              \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintMethodHandleStubs, false,                           \
          "Print generated stub code for method handles")                   \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceMethodHandles, false,                                  \
          "trace internal method handle operations")                        \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, VerifyMethodHandles, trueInDebug,                        \
          "perform extra checks when constructing method handles")          \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, ShowHiddenFrames, false,                                 \
          "show method handle implementation frames (usually hidden)")      \
                                                                            \
  experimental(bool, TrustFinalNonStaticFields, false,                      \
          "trust final non-static declarations for constant folding")       \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceInvokeDynamic, false,                                  \
          "trace internal invoke dynamic operations")                       \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PauseAtStartup,      false,                              \
          "Causes the VM to pause at startup time and wait for the pause "  \
          "file to be removed (default: ./vm.paused.<pid>)")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(ccstr, PauseAtStartupFile, NULL,                               \
          "The file to create and for whose removal to await when pausing " \
          "at startup. (default: ./vm.paused.<pid>)")                       \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PauseAtExit, false,                                      \
          "Pause and wait for keypress on exit if a debugger is attached")  \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, ExtendedDTraceProbes,    false,                             \
          "Enable performance-impacting dtrace probes")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DTraceMethodProbes, false,                                  \
          "Enable dtrace probes for method-entry and method-exit")          \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DTraceAllocProbes, false,                                   \
          "Enable dtrace probes for object allocation")                     \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, DTraceMonitorProbes, false,                                 \
          "Enable dtrace probes for monitor events")                        \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, RelaxAccessControlCheck, false,                             \
          "Relax the access control checks in the verifier")                \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, PrintDTraceDOF, false,                                   \
             "Print the DTrace DOF passed to the system for JSDT probes")   \
                                                                            \
  product(uintx, StringTableSize, defaultStringTableSize,                   \
          "Number of buckets in the interned String table")                 \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, TraceDefaultMethods, false,                                 \
          "Trace the default method processing steps")                      \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, ParseAllGenericSignatures, false,                           \
          "Parse all generic signatures while classloading")                \
                                                                            \
  develop(bool, VerifyGenericSignatures, false,                             \
          "Abort VM on erroneous or inconsistent generic signatures")       \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, UseVMInterruptibleIO, false,                                \
          "(Unstable, Solaris-specific) Thread interrupt before or with "   \
          "EINTR for I/O operations results in OS_INTRPT. The default value"\
          " of this flag is true for JDK 6 and earlier")                    \
                                                                            \
  diagnostic(bool, WhiteBoxAPI, false,                                      \
          "Enable internal testing APIs")                                   \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, PrintGCCause, true,                                         \
          "Include GC cause in GC logging")                                 \
                                                                            \
  product(bool, AllowNonVirtualCalls, false,                                \
          "Obey the ACC_SUPER flag and allow invokenonvirtual calls")

/*
 *  Macros for factoring of globals
 */

// Interface macros
#define DECLARE_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)    extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_PD_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, doc)        extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_DIAGNOSTIC_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_EXPERIMENTAL_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_MANAGEABLE_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_PRODUCT_RW_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) extern "C" type name;
#ifdef PRODUCT
#define DECLARE_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)  const type name = value;
#define DECLARE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, doc)      const type name = pd_##name;
#define DECLARE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)
#else
#define DECLARE_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)  extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, doc)      extern "C" type name;
#define DECLARE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)  extern "C" type name;
#endif
// Special LP64 flags, product only needed for now.
#ifdef _LP64
#define DECLARE_LP64_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) extern "C" type name;
#else
#define DECLARE_LP64_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) const type name = value;
#endif // _LP64

// Implementation macros
#define MATERIALIZE_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)   type name = value;
#define MATERIALIZE_PD_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, doc)       type name = pd_##name;
#define MATERIALIZE_DIAGNOSTIC_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#define MATERIALIZE_EXPERIMENTAL_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#define MATERIALIZE_MANAGEABLE_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#define MATERIALIZE_PRODUCT_RW_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#ifdef PRODUCT
#define MATERIALIZE_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) /* flag name is constant */
#define MATERIALIZE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, doc)     /* flag name is constant */
#define MATERIALIZE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)
#else
#define MATERIALIZE_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#define MATERIALIZE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG(type, name, doc)     type name = pd_##name;
#define MATERIALIZE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) type name = value;
#endif
#ifdef _LP64
#define MATERIALIZE_LP64_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc)   type name = value;
#else
#define MATERIALIZE_LP64_PRODUCT_FLAG(type, name, value, doc) /* flag is constant */
#endif // _LP64

RUNTIME_FLAGS(DECLARE_DEVELOPER_FLAG, DECLARE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG, DECLARE_PRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_PD_PRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_DIAGNOSTIC_FLAG, DECLARE_EXPERIMENTAL_FLAG, DECLARE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_MANAGEABLE_FLAG, DECLARE_PRODUCT_RW_FLAG, DECLARE_LP64_PRODUCT_FLAG)

RUNTIME_OS_FLAGS(DECLARE_DEVELOPER_FLAG, DECLARE_PD_DEVELOPER_FLAG, DECLARE_PRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_PD_PRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_DIAGNOSTIC_FLAG, DECLARE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG)

ARCH_FLAGS(DECLARE_DEVELOPER_FLAG, DECLARE_PRODUCT_FLAG, DECLARE_DIAGNOSTIC_FLAG, DECLARE_EXPERIMENTAL_FLAG, DECLARE_NOTPRODUCT_FLAG)

// Extensions

#include "runtime/globals_ext.hpp"

#endif // SHARE_VM_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP