view src/share/vm/memory/gcLocker.hpp @ 5820:87ee5ee27509

Added tag jdk8-b132 for changeset 0c94c41dcd70
author katleman
date Tue, 04 Mar 2014 11:51:03 -0800
parents 2c022e432e10
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 * Copyright (c) 1997, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.


#include "gc_interface/collectedHeap.hpp"
#include "memory/genCollectedHeap.hpp"
#include "memory/universe.hpp"
#include "oops/oop.hpp"
#include "runtime/thread.inline.hpp"
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_linux
# include "os_linux.inline.hpp"
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_solaris
# include "os_solaris.inline.hpp"
#ifdef TARGET_OS_FAMILY_windows
# include "os_windows.inline.hpp"
# include "os_bsd.inline.hpp"

// The direct lock/unlock calls do not force a collection if an unlock
// decrements the count to zero. Avoid calling these if at all possible.

class GC_locker: public AllStatic {
  // The _jni_lock_count keeps track of the number of threads that are
  // currently in a critical region.  It's only kept up to date when
  // _needs_gc is true.  The current value is computed during
  // safepointing and decremented during the slow path of GC_locker
  // unlocking.
  static volatile jint _jni_lock_count;  // number of jni active instances.

  static volatile jint _lock_count;      // number of other active instances
  static volatile bool _needs_gc;        // heap is filling, we need a GC
                                         // note: bool is typedef'd as jint
  static volatile bool _doing_gc;        // unlock_critical() is doing a GC

#ifdef ASSERT
  // This lock count is updated for all operations and is used to
  // validate the jni_lock_count that is computed during safepoints.
  static volatile jint _debug_jni_lock_count;

  // Accessors
  static bool is_jni_active() {
    assert(_needs_gc, "only valid when _needs_gc is set");
    return _jni_lock_count > 0;

  // At a safepoint, visit all threads and count the number of active
  // critical sections.  This is used to ensure that all active
  // critical sections are exited before a new one is started.
  static void verify_critical_count() NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;

  static void jni_lock(JavaThread* thread);
  static void jni_unlock(JavaThread* thread);

  static bool is_active_internal() {
    return _lock_count > 0 || _jni_lock_count > 0;

  // Accessors
  static bool is_active() {
    assert(SafepointSynchronize::is_at_safepoint(), "only read at safepoint");
    return is_active_internal();
  static bool needs_gc()       { return _needs_gc;                        }

  // Shorthand
  static bool is_active_and_needs_gc() {
    // Use is_active_internal since _needs_gc can change from true to
    // false outside of a safepoint, triggering the assert in
    // is_active.
    return needs_gc() && is_active_internal();

  // In debug mode track the locking state at all times
  static void increment_debug_jni_lock_count() {
#ifdef ASSERT
    assert(_debug_jni_lock_count >= 0, "bad value");
  static void decrement_debug_jni_lock_count() {
#ifdef ASSERT
    assert(_debug_jni_lock_count > 0, "bad value");

  // Set the current lock count
  static void set_jni_lock_count(int count) {
    _jni_lock_count = count;

  // Sets _needs_gc if is_active() is true. Returns is_active().
  static bool check_active_before_gc();

  // Stalls the caller (who should not be in a jni critical section)
  // until needs_gc() clears. Note however that needs_gc() may be
  // set at a subsequent safepoint and/or cleared under the
  // JNICritical_lock, so the caller may not safely assert upon
  // return from this method that "!needs_gc()" since that is
  // not a stable predicate.
  static void stall_until_clear();

  // Non-structured GC locking: currently needed for JNI. Use with care!
  static void lock();
  static void unlock();

  // The following two methods are used for JNI critical regions.
  // If we find that we failed to perform a GC because the GC_locker
  // was active, arrange for one as soon as possible by allowing
  // all threads in critical regions to complete, but not allowing
  // other critical regions to be entered. The reasons for that are:
  // 1) a GC request won't be starved by overlapping JNI critical
  //    region activities, which can cause unnecessary OutOfMemory errors.
  // 2) even if allocation requests can still be satisfied before GC locker
  //    becomes inactive, for example, in tenured generation possibly with
  //    heap expansion, those allocations can trigger lots of safepointing
  //    attempts (ineffective GC attempts) and require Heap_lock which
  //    slow down allocations tremendously.
  // Note that critical regions can be nested in a single thread, so
  // we must allow threads already in critical regions to continue.
  // JNI critical regions are the only participants in this scheme
  // because they are, by spec, well bounded while in a critical region.
  // Each of the following two method is split into a fast path and a
  // slow path. JNICritical_lock is only grabbed in the slow path.
  // _needs_gc is initially false and every java thread will go
  // through the fast path, which simply increments or decrements the
  // current thread's critical count.  When GC happens at a safepoint,
  // GC_locker::is_active() is checked. Since there is no safepoint in
  // the fast path of lock_critical() and unlock_critical(), there is
  // no race condition between the fast path and GC. After _needs_gc
  // is set at a safepoint, every thread will go through the slow path
  // after the safepoint.  Since after a safepoint, each of the
  // following two methods is either entered from the method entry and
  // falls into the slow path, or is resumed from the safepoints in
  // the method, which only exist in the slow path. So when _needs_gc
  // is set, the slow path is always taken, till _needs_gc is cleared.
  static void lock_critical(JavaThread* thread);
  static void unlock_critical(JavaThread* thread);

  static address needs_gc_address() { return (address) &_needs_gc; }

// A No_GC_Verifier object can be placed in methods where one assumes that
// no garbage collection will occur. The destructor will verify this property
// unless the constructor is called with argument false (not verifygc).
// The check will only be done in debug mode and if verifygc true.

class No_GC_Verifier: public StackObj {
 friend class Pause_No_GC_Verifier;

  bool _verifygc;
  unsigned int _old_invocations;

#ifdef ASSERT
  No_GC_Verifier(bool verifygc = true);
  No_GC_Verifier(bool verifygc = true) {}
  ~No_GC_Verifier() {}

// A Pause_No_GC_Verifier is used to temporarily pause the behavior
// of a No_GC_Verifier object. If we are not in debug mode or if the
// No_GC_Verifier object has a _verifygc value of false, then there
// is nothing to do.

class Pause_No_GC_Verifier: public StackObj {
  No_GC_Verifier * _ngcv;

#ifdef ASSERT
  Pause_No_GC_Verifier(No_GC_Verifier * ngcv);
  Pause_No_GC_Verifier(No_GC_Verifier * ngcv) {}
  ~Pause_No_GC_Verifier() {}

// A No_Safepoint_Verifier object will throw an assertion failure if
// the current thread passes a possible safepoint while this object is
// instantiated. A safepoint, will either be: an oop allocation, blocking
// on a Mutex or JavaLock, or executing a VM operation.
// If StrictSafepointChecks is turned off, it degrades into a No_GC_Verifier
class No_Safepoint_Verifier : public No_GC_Verifier {
 friend class Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier;

  bool _activated;
  Thread *_thread;
#ifdef ASSERT
  No_Safepoint_Verifier(bool activated = true, bool verifygc = true ) :
    _activated(activated) {
    _thread = Thread::current();
    if (_activated) {

  ~No_Safepoint_Verifier() {
    if (_activated) {
  No_Safepoint_Verifier(bool activated = true, bool verifygc = true) : No_GC_Verifier(verifygc){}
  ~No_Safepoint_Verifier() {}

// A Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier is used to temporarily pause the
// behavior of a No_Safepoint_Verifier object. If we are not in debug
// mode then there is nothing to do. If the No_Safepoint_Verifier
// object has an _activated value of false, then there is nothing to
// do for safepoint and allocation checking, but there may still be
// something to do for the underlying No_GC_Verifier object.

class Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier : public Pause_No_GC_Verifier {
  No_Safepoint_Verifier * _nsv;

#ifdef ASSERT
  Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier(No_Safepoint_Verifier * nsv)
    : Pause_No_GC_Verifier(nsv) {

    _nsv = nsv;
    if (_nsv->_activated) {

  ~Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier() {
    if (_nsv->_activated) {
  Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier(No_Safepoint_Verifier * nsv)
    : Pause_No_GC_Verifier(nsv) {}
  ~Pause_No_Safepoint_Verifier() {}

// A SkipGCALot object is used to elide the usual effect of gc-a-lot
// over a section of execution by a thread. Currently, it's used only to
// prevent re-entrant calls to GC.
class SkipGCALot : public StackObj {
   bool _saved;
   Thread* _t;

#ifdef ASSERT
    SkipGCALot(Thread* t) : _t(t) {
      _saved = _t->skip_gcalot();

    ~SkipGCALot() {
      assert(_t->skip_gcalot(), "Save-restore protocol invariant");
    SkipGCALot(Thread* t) { }
    ~SkipGCALot() { }

// JRT_LEAF currently can be called from either _thread_in_Java or
// _thread_in_native mode. In _thread_in_native, it is ok
// for another thread to trigger GC. The rest of the JRT_LEAF
// rules apply.
class JRT_Leaf_Verifier : public No_Safepoint_Verifier {
  static bool should_verify_GC();
#ifdef ASSERT
  JRT_Leaf_Verifier() {}
  ~JRT_Leaf_Verifier() {}

// A No_Alloc_Verifier object can be placed in methods where one assumes that
// no allocation will occur. The destructor will verify this property
// unless the constructor is called with argument false (not activated).
// The check will only be done in debug mode and if activated.
// Note: this only makes sense at safepoints (otherwise, other threads may
// allocate concurrently.)

class No_Alloc_Verifier : public StackObj {
  bool  _activated;

#ifdef ASSERT
  No_Alloc_Verifier(bool activated = true) {
    _activated = activated;
    if (_activated) Thread::current()->_allow_allocation_count++;

  ~No_Alloc_Verifier() {
    if (_activated) Thread::current()->_allow_allocation_count--;
  No_Alloc_Verifier(bool activated = true) {}
  ~No_Alloc_Verifier() {}