view src/os/solaris/vm/os_solaris.cpp @ 8323:aa4ffb1f30c9

Merge
author robm
date Thu, 03 Aug 2017 08:07:17 -0700
parents ebd6745380b9
children 427b2fb1944f 5aa3d728164a
line wrap: on
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1997, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

// no precompiled headers
#include "classfile/classLoader.hpp"
#include "classfile/systemDictionary.hpp"
#include "classfile/vmSymbols.hpp"
#include "code/icBuffer.hpp"
#include "code/vtableStubs.hpp"
#include "compiler/compileBroker.hpp"
#include "compiler/disassembler.hpp"
#include "interpreter/interpreter.hpp"
#include "jvm_solaris.h"
#include "memory/allocation.inline.hpp"
#include "memory/filemap.hpp"
#include "mutex_solaris.inline.hpp"
#include "oops/oop.inline.hpp"
#include "os_share_solaris.hpp"
#include "prims/jniFastGetField.hpp"
#include "prims/jvm.h"
#include "prims/jvm_misc.hpp"
#include "runtime/arguments.hpp"
#include "runtime/extendedPC.hpp"
#include "runtime/globals.hpp"
#include "runtime/interfaceSupport.hpp"
#include "runtime/java.hpp"
#include "runtime/javaCalls.hpp"
#include "runtime/mutexLocker.hpp"
#include "runtime/objectMonitor.hpp"
#include "runtime/orderAccess.inline.hpp"
#include "runtime/osThread.hpp"
#include "runtime/perfMemory.hpp"
#include "runtime/sharedRuntime.hpp"
#include "runtime/statSampler.hpp"
#include "runtime/stubRoutines.hpp"
#include "runtime/thread.inline.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadCritical.hpp"
#include "runtime/timer.hpp"
#include "services/attachListener.hpp"
#include "services/memTracker.hpp"
#include "services/runtimeService.hpp"
#include "utilities/decoder.hpp"
#include "utilities/defaultStream.hpp"
#include "utilities/events.hpp"
#include "utilities/growableArray.hpp"
#include "utilities/vmError.hpp"

// put OS-includes here
# include <dlfcn.h>
# include <errno.h>
# include <exception>
# include <link.h>
# include <poll.h>
# include <pthread.h>
# include <pwd.h>
# include <schedctl.h>
# include <setjmp.h>
# include <signal.h>
# include <stdio.h>
# include <alloca.h>
# include <sys/filio.h>
# include <sys/ipc.h>
# include <sys/lwp.h>
# include <sys/machelf.h>     // for elf Sym structure used by dladdr1
# include <sys/mman.h>
# include <sys/processor.h>
# include <sys/procset.h>
# include <sys/pset.h>
# include <sys/resource.h>
# include <sys/shm.h>
# include <sys/socket.h>
# include <sys/stat.h>
# include <sys/systeminfo.h>
# include <sys/time.h>
# include <sys/times.h>
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <sys/wait.h>
# include <sys/utsname.h>
# include <thread.h>
# include <unistd.h>
# include <sys/priocntl.h>
# include <sys/rtpriocntl.h>
# include <sys/tspriocntl.h>
# include <sys/iapriocntl.h>
# include <sys/fxpriocntl.h>
# include <sys/loadavg.h>
# include <string.h>
# include <stdio.h>

# define _STRUCTURED_PROC 1  //  this gets us the new structured proc interfaces of 5.6 & later
# include <sys/procfs.h>     //  see comment in <sys/procfs.h>

#define MAX_PATH (2 * K)

// for timer info max values which include all bits
#define ALL_64_BITS CONST64(0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF)


// Here are some liblgrp types from sys/lgrp_user.h to be able to
// compile on older systems without this header file.

#ifndef MADV_ACCESS_LWP
# define  MADV_ACCESS_LWP         7       /* next LWP to access heavily */
#endif
#ifndef MADV_ACCESS_MANY
# define  MADV_ACCESS_MANY        8       /* many processes to access heavily */
#endif

#ifndef LGRP_RSRC_CPU
# define LGRP_RSRC_CPU           0       /* CPU resources */
#endif
#ifndef LGRP_RSRC_MEM
# define LGRP_RSRC_MEM           1       /* memory resources */
#endif

// see thr_setprio(3T) for the basis of these numbers
#define MinimumPriority 0
#define NormalPriority  64
#define MaximumPriority 127

// Values for ThreadPriorityPolicy == 1
int prio_policy1[CriticalPriority+1] = {
  -99999,  0, 16,  32,  48,  64,
          80, 96, 112, 124, 127, 127 };

// System parameters used internally
static clock_t clock_tics_per_sec = 100;

// Track if we have called enable_extended_FILE_stdio (on Solaris 10u4+)
static bool enabled_extended_FILE_stdio = false;

// For diagnostics to print a message once. see run_periodic_checks
static bool check_addr0_done = false;
static sigset_t check_signal_done;
static bool check_signals = true;

address os::Solaris::handler_start;  // start pc of thr_sighndlrinfo
address os::Solaris::handler_end;    // end pc of thr_sighndlrinfo

address os::Solaris::_main_stack_base = NULL;  // 4352906 workaround


// "default" initializers for missing libc APIs
extern "C" {
  static int lwp_mutex_init(mutex_t *mx, int scope, void *arg) { memset(mx, 0, sizeof(mutex_t)); return 0; }
  static int lwp_mutex_destroy(mutex_t *mx)                 { return 0; }

  static int lwp_cond_init(cond_t *cv, int scope, void *arg){ memset(cv, 0, sizeof(cond_t)); return 0; }
  static int lwp_cond_destroy(cond_t *cv)                   { return 0; }
}

// "default" initializers for pthread-based synchronization
extern "C" {
  static int pthread_mutex_default_init(mutex_t *mx, int scope, void *arg) { memset(mx, 0, sizeof(mutex_t)); return 0; }
  static int pthread_cond_default_init(cond_t *cv, int scope, void *arg){ memset(cv, 0, sizeof(cond_t)); return 0; }
}

static void unpackTime(timespec* absTime, bool isAbsolute, jlong time);

static inline size_t adjust_stack_size(address base, size_t size) {
  if ((ssize_t)size < 0) {
    // 4759953: Compensate for ridiculous stack size.
    size = max_intx;
  }
  if (size > (size_t)base) {
    // 4812466: Make sure size doesn't allow the stack to wrap the address space.
    size = (size_t)base;
  }
  return size;
}

static inline stack_t get_stack_info() {
  stack_t st;
  int retval = thr_stksegment(&st);
  st.ss_size = adjust_stack_size((address)st.ss_sp, st.ss_size);
  assert(retval == 0, "incorrect return value from thr_stksegment");
  assert((address)&st < (address)st.ss_sp, "Invalid stack base returned");
  assert((address)&st > (address)st.ss_sp-st.ss_size, "Invalid stack size returned");
  return st;
}

address os::current_stack_base() {
  int r = thr_main() ;
  guarantee (r == 0 || r == 1, "CR6501650 or CR6493689") ;
  bool is_primordial_thread = r;

  // Workaround 4352906, avoid calls to thr_stksegment by
  // thr_main after the first one (it looks like we trash
  // some data, causing the value for ss_sp to be incorrect).
  if (!is_primordial_thread || os::Solaris::_main_stack_base == NULL) {
    stack_t st = get_stack_info();
    if (is_primordial_thread) {
      // cache initial value of stack base
      os::Solaris::_main_stack_base = (address)st.ss_sp;
    }
    return (address)st.ss_sp;
  } else {
    guarantee(os::Solaris::_main_stack_base != NULL, "Attempt to use null cached stack base");
    return os::Solaris::_main_stack_base;
  }
}

size_t os::current_stack_size() {
  size_t size;

  int r = thr_main() ;
  guarantee (r == 0 || r == 1, "CR6501650 or CR6493689") ;
  if(!r) {
    size = get_stack_info().ss_size;
  } else {
    struct rlimit limits;
    getrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &limits);
    size = adjust_stack_size(os::Solaris::_main_stack_base, (size_t)limits.rlim_cur);
  }
  // base may not be page aligned
  address base = current_stack_base();
  address bottom = (address)align_size_up((intptr_t)(base - size), os::vm_page_size());;
  return (size_t)(base - bottom);
}

struct tm* os::localtime_pd(const time_t* clock, struct tm*  res) {
  return localtime_r(clock, res);
}

// interruptible infrastructure

// setup_interruptible saves the thread state before going into an
// interruptible system call.
// The saved state is used to restore the thread to
// its former state whether or not an interrupt is received.
// Used by classloader os::read
// os::restartable_read calls skip this layer and stay in _thread_in_native

void os::Solaris::setup_interruptible(JavaThread* thread) {

  JavaThreadState thread_state = thread->thread_state();

  assert(thread_state != _thread_blocked, "Coming from the wrong thread");
  assert(thread_state != _thread_in_native, "Native threads skip setup_interruptible");
  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();
  osthread->set_saved_interrupt_thread_state(thread_state);
  thread->frame_anchor()->make_walkable(thread);
  ThreadStateTransition::transition(thread, thread_state, _thread_blocked);
}

// Version of setup_interruptible() for threads that are already in
// _thread_blocked. Used by os_sleep().
void os::Solaris::setup_interruptible_already_blocked(JavaThread* thread) {
  thread->frame_anchor()->make_walkable(thread);
}

JavaThread* os::Solaris::setup_interruptible() {
  JavaThread* thread = (JavaThread*)ThreadLocalStorage::thread();
  setup_interruptible(thread);
  return thread;
}

void os::Solaris::try_enable_extended_io() {
  typedef int (*enable_extended_FILE_stdio_t)(int, int);

  if (!UseExtendedFileIO) {
    return;
  }

  enable_extended_FILE_stdio_t enabler =
    (enable_extended_FILE_stdio_t) dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT,
                                         "enable_extended_FILE_stdio");
  if (enabler) {
    enabler(-1, -1);
  }
}


#ifdef ASSERT

JavaThread* os::Solaris::setup_interruptible_native() {
  JavaThread* thread = (JavaThread*)ThreadLocalStorage::thread();
  JavaThreadState thread_state = thread->thread_state();
  assert(thread_state == _thread_in_native, "Assumed thread_in_native");
  return thread;
}

void os::Solaris::cleanup_interruptible_native(JavaThread* thread) {
  JavaThreadState thread_state = thread->thread_state();
  assert(thread_state == _thread_in_native, "Assumed thread_in_native");
}
#endif

// cleanup_interruptible reverses the effects of setup_interruptible
// setup_interruptible_already_blocked() does not need any cleanup.

void os::Solaris::cleanup_interruptible(JavaThread* thread) {
  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();

  ThreadStateTransition::transition(thread, _thread_blocked, osthread->saved_interrupt_thread_state());
}

// I/O interruption related counters called in _INTERRUPTIBLE

void os::Solaris::bump_interrupted_before_count() {
  RuntimeService::record_interrupted_before_count();
}

void os::Solaris::bump_interrupted_during_count() {
  RuntimeService::record_interrupted_during_count();
}

static int _processors_online = 0;

         jint os::Solaris::_os_thread_limit = 0;
volatile jint os::Solaris::_os_thread_count = 0;

julong os::available_memory() {
  return Solaris::available_memory();
}

julong os::Solaris::available_memory() {
  return (julong)sysconf(_SC_AVPHYS_PAGES) * os::vm_page_size();
}

julong os::Solaris::_physical_memory = 0;

julong os::physical_memory() {
   return Solaris::physical_memory();
}

static hrtime_t first_hrtime = 0;
static const hrtime_t hrtime_hz = 1000*1000*1000;
static volatile hrtime_t max_hrtime = 0;


void os::Solaris::initialize_system_info() {
  set_processor_count(sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_CONF));
  _processors_online = sysconf (_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN);
  _physical_memory = (julong)sysconf(_SC_PHYS_PAGES) * (julong)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
}

int os::active_processor_count() {
  int online_cpus = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN);
  pid_t pid = getpid();
  psetid_t pset = PS_NONE;
  // Are we running in a processor set or is there any processor set around?
  if (pset_bind(PS_QUERY, P_PID, pid, &pset) == 0) {
    uint_t pset_cpus;
    // Query the number of cpus available to us.
    if (pset_info(pset, NULL, &pset_cpus, NULL) == 0) {
      assert(pset_cpus > 0 && pset_cpus <= online_cpus, "sanity check");
      _processors_online = pset_cpus;
      return pset_cpus;
    }
  }
  // Otherwise return number of online cpus
  return online_cpus;
}

static bool find_processors_in_pset(psetid_t        pset,
                                    processorid_t** id_array,
                                    uint_t*         id_length) {
  bool result = false;
  // Find the number of processors in the processor set.
  if (pset_info(pset, NULL, id_length, NULL) == 0) {
    // Make up an array to hold their ids.
    *id_array = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(processorid_t, *id_length, mtInternal);
    // Fill in the array with their processor ids.
    if (pset_info(pset, NULL, id_length, *id_array) == 0) {
      result = true;
    }
  }
  return result;
}

// Callers of find_processors_online() must tolerate imprecise results --
// the system configuration can change asynchronously because of DR
// or explicit psradm operations.
//
// We also need to take care that the loop (below) terminates as the
// number of processors online can change between the _SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN
// request and the loop that builds the list of processor ids.   Unfortunately
// there's no reliable way to determine the maximum valid processor id,
// so we use a manifest constant, MAX_PROCESSOR_ID, instead.  See p_online
// man pages, which claim the processor id set is "sparse, but
// not too sparse".  MAX_PROCESSOR_ID is used to ensure that we eventually
// exit the loop.
//
// In the future we'll be able to use sysconf(_SC_CPUID_MAX), but that's
// not available on S8.0.

static bool find_processors_online(processorid_t** id_array,
                                   uint*           id_length) {
  const processorid_t MAX_PROCESSOR_ID = 100000 ;
  // Find the number of processors online.
  *id_length = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN);
  // Make up an array to hold their ids.
  *id_array = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(processorid_t, *id_length, mtInternal);
  // Processors need not be numbered consecutively.
  long found = 0;
  processorid_t next = 0;
  while (found < *id_length && next < MAX_PROCESSOR_ID) {
    processor_info_t info;
    if (processor_info(next, &info) == 0) {
      // NB, PI_NOINTR processors are effectively online ...
      if (info.pi_state == P_ONLINE || info.pi_state == P_NOINTR) {
        (*id_array)[found] = next;
        found += 1;
      }
    }
    next += 1;
  }
  if (found < *id_length) {
      // The loop above didn't identify the expected number of processors.
      // We could always retry the operation, calling sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN)
      // and re-running the loop, above, but there's no guarantee of progress
      // if the system configuration is in flux.  Instead, we just return what
      // we've got.  Note that in the worst case find_processors_online() could
      // return an empty set.  (As a fall-back in the case of the empty set we
      // could just return the ID of the current processor).
      *id_length = found ;
  }

  return true;
}

static bool assign_distribution(processorid_t* id_array,
                                uint           id_length,
                                uint*          distribution,
                                uint           distribution_length) {
  // We assume we can assign processorid_t's to uint's.
  assert(sizeof(processorid_t) == sizeof(uint),
         "can't convert processorid_t to uint");
  // Quick check to see if we won't succeed.
  if (id_length < distribution_length) {
    return false;
  }
  // Assign processor ids to the distribution.
  // Try to shuffle processors to distribute work across boards,
  // assuming 4 processors per board.
  const uint processors_per_board = ProcessDistributionStride;
  // Find the maximum processor id.
  processorid_t max_id = 0;
  for (uint m = 0; m < id_length; m += 1) {
    max_id = MAX2(max_id, id_array[m]);
  }
  // The next id, to limit loops.
  const processorid_t limit_id = max_id + 1;
  // Make up markers for available processors.
  bool* available_id = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(bool, limit_id, mtInternal);
  for (uint c = 0; c < limit_id; c += 1) {
    available_id[c] = false;
  }
  for (uint a = 0; a < id_length; a += 1) {
    available_id[id_array[a]] = true;
  }
  // Step by "boards", then by "slot", copying to "assigned".
  // NEEDS_CLEANUP: The assignment of processors should be stateful,
  //                remembering which processors have been assigned by
  //                previous calls, etc., so as to distribute several
  //                independent calls of this method.  What we'd like is
  //                It would be nice to have an API that let us ask
  //                how many processes are bound to a processor,
  //                but we don't have that, either.
  //                In the short term, "board" is static so that
  //                subsequent distributions don't all start at board 0.
  static uint board = 0;
  uint assigned = 0;
  // Until we've found enough processors ....
  while (assigned < distribution_length) {
    // ... find the next available processor in the board.
    for (uint slot = 0; slot < processors_per_board; slot += 1) {
      uint try_id = board * processors_per_board + slot;
      if ((try_id < limit_id) && (available_id[try_id] == true)) {
        distribution[assigned] = try_id;
        available_id[try_id] = false;
        assigned += 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    board += 1;
    if (board * processors_per_board + 0 >= limit_id) {
      board = 0;
    }
  }
  if (available_id != NULL) {
    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(bool, available_id, mtInternal);
  }
  return true;
}

void os::set_native_thread_name(const char *name) {
  // Not yet implemented.
  return;
}

bool os::distribute_processes(uint length, uint* distribution) {
  bool result = false;
  // Find the processor id's of all the available CPUs.
  processorid_t* id_array  = NULL;
  uint           id_length = 0;
  // There are some races between querying information and using it,
  // since processor sets can change dynamically.
  psetid_t pset = PS_NONE;
  // Are we running in a processor set?
  if ((pset_bind(PS_QUERY, P_PID, P_MYID, &pset) == 0) && pset != PS_NONE) {
    result = find_processors_in_pset(pset, &id_array, &id_length);
  } else {
    result = find_processors_online(&id_array, &id_length);
  }
  if (result == true) {
    if (id_length >= length) {
      result = assign_distribution(id_array, id_length, distribution, length);
    } else {
      result = false;
    }
  }
  if (id_array != NULL) {
    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(processorid_t, id_array, mtInternal);
  }
  return result;
}

bool os::bind_to_processor(uint processor_id) {
  // We assume that a processorid_t can be stored in a uint.
  assert(sizeof(uint) == sizeof(processorid_t),
         "can't convert uint to processorid_t");
  int bind_result =
    processor_bind(P_LWPID,                       // bind LWP.
                   P_MYID,                        // bind current LWP.
                   (processorid_t) processor_id,  // id.
                   NULL);                         // don't return old binding.
  return (bind_result == 0);
}

bool os::getenv(const char* name, char* buffer, int len) {
  char* val = ::getenv( name );
  if ( val == NULL
  ||   strlen(val) + 1  >  len ) {
    if (len > 0)  buffer[0] = 0; // return a null string
    return false;
  }
  strcpy( buffer, val );
  return true;
}


// Return true if user is running as root.

bool os::have_special_privileges() {
  static bool init = false;
  static bool privileges = false;
  if (!init) {
    privileges = (getuid() != geteuid()) || (getgid() != getegid());
    init = true;
  }
  return privileges;
}


void os::init_system_properties_values() {
  // The next steps are taken in the product version:
  //
  // Obtain the JAVA_HOME value from the location of libjvm.so.
  // This library should be located at:
  // <JAVA_HOME>/jre/lib/<arch>/{client|server}/libjvm.so.
  //
  // If "/jre/lib/" appears at the right place in the path, then we
  // assume libjvm.so is installed in a JDK and we use this path.
  //
  // Otherwise exit with message: "Could not create the Java virtual machine."
  //
  // The following extra steps are taken in the debugging version:
  //
  // If "/jre/lib/" does NOT appear at the right place in the path
  // instead of exit check for $JAVA_HOME environment variable.
  //
  // If it is defined and we are able to locate $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/<arch>,
  // then we append a fake suffix "hotspot/libjvm.so" to this path so
  // it looks like libjvm.so is installed there
  // <JAVA_HOME>/jre/lib/<arch>/hotspot/libjvm.so.
  //
  // Otherwise exit.
  //
  // Important note: if the location of libjvm.so changes this
  // code needs to be changed accordingly.

// Base path of extensions installed on the system.
#define SYS_EXT_DIR     "/usr/jdk/packages"
#define EXTENSIONS_DIR  "/lib/ext"
#define ENDORSED_DIR    "/lib/endorsed"

  char cpu_arch[12];
  // Buffer that fits several sprintfs.
  // Note that the space for the colon and the trailing null are provided
  // by the nulls included by the sizeof operator.
  const size_t bufsize =
    MAX4((size_t)MAXPATHLEN,  // For dll_dir & friends.
         sizeof(SYS_EXT_DIR) + sizeof("/lib/") + strlen(cpu_arch), // invariant ld_library_path
         (size_t)MAXPATHLEN + sizeof(EXTENSIONS_DIR) + sizeof(SYS_EXT_DIR) + sizeof(EXTENSIONS_DIR), // extensions dir
         (size_t)MAXPATHLEN + sizeof(ENDORSED_DIR)); // endorsed dir
  char *buf = (char *)NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, bufsize, mtInternal);

  // sysclasspath, java_home, dll_dir
  {
    char *pslash;
    os::jvm_path(buf, bufsize);

    // Found the full path to libjvm.so.
    // Now cut the path to <java_home>/jre if we can.
    *(strrchr(buf, '/')) = '\0'; // Get rid of /libjvm.so.
    pslash = strrchr(buf, '/');
    if (pslash != NULL) {
      *pslash = '\0';            // Get rid of /{client|server|hotspot}.
    }
    Arguments::set_dll_dir(buf);

    if (pslash != NULL) {
      pslash = strrchr(buf, '/');
      if (pslash != NULL) {
        *pslash = '\0';          // Get rid of /<arch>.
        pslash = strrchr(buf, '/');
        if (pslash != NULL) {
          *pslash = '\0';        // Get rid of /lib.
        }
      }
    }
    Arguments::set_java_home(buf);
    set_boot_path('/', ':');
  }

  // Where to look for native libraries.
  {
    // Use dlinfo() to determine the correct java.library.path.
    //
    // If we're launched by the Java launcher, and the user
    // does not set java.library.path explicitly on the commandline,
    // the Java launcher sets LD_LIBRARY_PATH for us and unsets
    // LD_LIBRARY_PATH_32 and LD_LIBRARY_PATH_64.  In this case
    // dlinfo returns LD_LIBRARY_PATH + crle settings (including
    // /usr/lib), which is exactly what we want.
    //
    // If the user does set java.library.path, it completely
    // overwrites this setting, and always has.
    //
    // If we're not launched by the Java launcher, we may
    // get here with any/all of the LD_LIBRARY_PATH[_32|64]
    // settings.  Again, dlinfo does exactly what we want.

    Dl_serinfo     info_sz, *info = &info_sz;
    Dl_serpath     *path;
    char           *library_path;
    char           *common_path = buf;

    // Determine search path count and required buffer size.
    if (dlinfo(RTLD_SELF, RTLD_DI_SERINFOSIZE, (void *)info) == -1) {
      FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, buf,  mtInternal);
      vm_exit_during_initialization("dlinfo SERINFOSIZE request", dlerror());
    }

    // Allocate new buffer and initialize.
    info = (Dl_serinfo*)NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, info_sz.dls_size, mtInternal);
    info->dls_size = info_sz.dls_size;
    info->dls_cnt = info_sz.dls_cnt;

    // Obtain search path information.
    if (dlinfo(RTLD_SELF, RTLD_DI_SERINFO, (void *)info) == -1) {
      FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, buf,  mtInternal);
      FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, info, mtInternal);
      vm_exit_during_initialization("dlinfo SERINFO request", dlerror());
    }

    path = &info->dls_serpath[0];

    // Note: Due to a legacy implementation, most of the library path
    // is set in the launcher. This was to accomodate linking restrictions
    // on legacy Solaris implementations (which are no longer supported).
    // Eventually, all the library path setting will be done here.
    //
    // However, to prevent the proliferation of improperly built native
    // libraries, the new path component /usr/jdk/packages is added here.

    // Determine the actual CPU architecture.
    sysinfo(SI_ARCHITECTURE, cpu_arch, sizeof(cpu_arch));
#ifdef _LP64
    // If we are a 64-bit vm, perform the following translations:
    //   sparc   -> sparcv9
    //   i386    -> amd64
    if (strcmp(cpu_arch, "sparc") == 0) {
      strcat(cpu_arch, "v9");
    } else if (strcmp(cpu_arch, "i386") == 0) {
      strcpy(cpu_arch, "amd64");
    }
#endif

    // Construct the invariant part of ld_library_path.
    sprintf(common_path, SYS_EXT_DIR "/lib/%s", cpu_arch);

    // Struct size is more than sufficient for the path components obtained
    // through the dlinfo() call, so only add additional space for the path
    // components explicitly added here.
    size_t library_path_size = info->dls_size + strlen(common_path);
    library_path = (char *)NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, library_path_size, mtInternal);
    library_path[0] = '\0';

    // Construct the desired Java library path from the linker's library
    // search path.
    //
    // For compatibility, it is optimal that we insert the additional path
    // components specific to the Java VM after those components specified
    // in LD_LIBRARY_PATH (if any) but before those added by the ld.so
    // infrastructure.
    if (info->dls_cnt == 0) { // Not sure this can happen, but allow for it.
      strcpy(library_path, common_path);
    } else {
      int inserted = 0;
      int i;
      for (i = 0; i < info->dls_cnt; i++, path++) {
        uint_t flags = path->dls_flags & LA_SER_MASK;
        if (((flags & LA_SER_LIBPATH) == 0) && !inserted) {
          strcat(library_path, common_path);
          strcat(library_path, os::path_separator());
          inserted = 1;
        }
        strcat(library_path, path->dls_name);
        strcat(library_path, os::path_separator());
      }
      // Eliminate trailing path separator.
      library_path[strlen(library_path)-1] = '\0';
    }

    // happens before argument parsing - can't use a trace flag
    // tty->print_raw("init_system_properties_values: native lib path: ");
    // tty->print_raw_cr(library_path);

    // Callee copies into its own buffer.
    Arguments::set_library_path(library_path);

    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, library_path, mtInternal);
    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, info, mtInternal);
  }

  // Extensions directories.
  sprintf(buf, "%s" EXTENSIONS_DIR ":" SYS_EXT_DIR EXTENSIONS_DIR, Arguments::get_java_home());
  Arguments::set_ext_dirs(buf);

  // Endorsed standards default directory.
  sprintf(buf, "%s" ENDORSED_DIR, Arguments::get_java_home());
  Arguments::set_endorsed_dirs(buf);

  FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, buf, mtInternal);

#undef SYS_EXT_DIR
#undef EXTENSIONS_DIR
#undef ENDORSED_DIR
}

void os::breakpoint() {
  BREAKPOINT;
}

bool os::obsolete_option(const JavaVMOption *option)
{
  if (!strncmp(option->optionString, "-Xt", 3)) {
    return true;
  } else if (!strncmp(option->optionString, "-Xtm", 4)) {
    return true;
  } else if (!strncmp(option->optionString, "-Xverifyheap", 12)) {
    return true;
  } else if (!strncmp(option->optionString, "-Xmaxjitcodesize", 16)) {
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

bool os::Solaris::valid_stack_address(Thread* thread, address sp) {
  address  stackStart  = (address)thread->stack_base();
  address  stackEnd    = (address)(stackStart - (address)thread->stack_size());
  if (sp < stackStart && sp >= stackEnd ) return true;
  return false;
}

extern "C" void breakpoint() {
  // use debugger to set breakpoint here
}

static thread_t main_thread;

// Thread start routine for all new Java threads
extern "C" void* java_start(void* thread_addr) {
  // Try to randomize the cache line index of hot stack frames.
  // This helps when threads of the same stack traces evict each other's
  // cache lines. The threads can be either from the same JVM instance, or
  // from different JVM instances. The benefit is especially true for
  // processors with hyperthreading technology.
  static int counter = 0;
  int pid = os::current_process_id();
  alloca(((pid ^ counter++) & 7) * 128);

  int prio;
  Thread* thread = (Thread*)thread_addr;
  OSThread* osthr = thread->osthread();

  osthr->set_lwp_id( _lwp_self() );  // Store lwp in case we are bound
  thread->_schedctl = (void *) schedctl_init () ;

  if (UseNUMA) {
    int lgrp_id = os::numa_get_group_id();
    if (lgrp_id != -1) {
      thread->set_lgrp_id(lgrp_id);
    }
  }

  // If the creator called set priority before we started,
  // we need to call set_native_priority now that we have an lwp.
  // We used to get the priority from thr_getprio (we called
  // thr_setprio way back in create_thread) and pass it to
  // set_native_priority, but Solaris scales the priority
  // in java_to_os_priority, so when we read it back here,
  // we pass trash to set_native_priority instead of what's
  // in java_to_os_priority. So we save the native priority
  // in the osThread and recall it here.

  if ( osthr->thread_id() != -1 ) {
    if ( UseThreadPriorities ) {
      int prio = osthr->native_priority();
      if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
        tty->print_cr("Starting Thread " INTPTR_FORMAT ", LWP is "
                      INTPTR_FORMAT ", setting priority: %d\n",
                      osthr->thread_id(), osthr->lwp_id(), prio);
      }
      os::set_native_priority(thread, prio);
    }
  } else if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
    warning("Can't set priority in _start routine, thread id hasn't been set\n");
  }

  assert(osthr->get_state() == RUNNABLE, "invalid os thread state");

  // initialize signal mask for this thread
  os::Solaris::hotspot_sigmask(thread);

  thread->run();

  // One less thread is executing
  // When the VMThread gets here, the main thread may have already exited
  // which frees the CodeHeap containing the Atomic::dec code
  if (thread != VMThread::vm_thread() && VMThread::vm_thread() != NULL) {
    Atomic::dec(&os::Solaris::_os_thread_count);
  }

  if (UseDetachedThreads) {
    thr_exit(NULL);
    ShouldNotReachHere();
  }
  return NULL;
}

static OSThread* create_os_thread(Thread* thread, thread_t thread_id) {
  // Allocate the OSThread object
  OSThread* osthread = new OSThread(NULL, NULL);
  if (osthread == NULL) return NULL;

  // Store info on the Solaris thread into the OSThread
  osthread->set_thread_id(thread_id);
  osthread->set_lwp_id(_lwp_self());
  thread->_schedctl = (void *) schedctl_init () ;

  if (UseNUMA) {
    int lgrp_id = os::numa_get_group_id();
    if (lgrp_id != -1) {
      thread->set_lgrp_id(lgrp_id);
    }
  }

  if ( ThreadPriorityVerbose ) {
    tty->print_cr("In create_os_thread, Thread " INTPTR_FORMAT ", LWP is " INTPTR_FORMAT "\n",
                  osthread->thread_id(), osthread->lwp_id() );
  }

  // Initial thread state is INITIALIZED, not SUSPENDED
  osthread->set_state(INITIALIZED);

  return osthread;
}

void os::Solaris::hotspot_sigmask(Thread* thread) {

  //Save caller's signal mask
  sigset_t sigmask;
  thr_sigsetmask(SIG_SETMASK, NULL, &sigmask);
  OSThread *osthread = thread->osthread();
  osthread->set_caller_sigmask(sigmask);

  thr_sigsetmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, os::Solaris::unblocked_signals(), NULL);
  if (!ReduceSignalUsage) {
    if (thread->is_VM_thread()) {
      // Only the VM thread handles BREAK_SIGNAL ...
      thr_sigsetmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, vm_signals(), NULL);
    } else {
      // ... all other threads block BREAK_SIGNAL
      assert(!sigismember(vm_signals(), SIGINT), "SIGINT should not be blocked");
      thr_sigsetmask(SIG_BLOCK, vm_signals(), NULL);
    }
  }
}

bool os::create_attached_thread(JavaThread* thread) {
#ifdef ASSERT
  thread->verify_not_published();
#endif
  OSThread* osthread = create_os_thread(thread, thr_self());
  if (osthread == NULL) {
     return false;
  }

  // Initial thread state is RUNNABLE
  osthread->set_state(RUNNABLE);
  thread->set_osthread(osthread);

  // initialize signal mask for this thread
  // and save the caller's signal mask
  os::Solaris::hotspot_sigmask(thread);

  return true;
}

bool os::create_main_thread(JavaThread* thread) {
#ifdef ASSERT
  thread->verify_not_published();
#endif
  if (_starting_thread == NULL) {
    _starting_thread = create_os_thread(thread, main_thread);
     if (_starting_thread == NULL) {
        return false;
     }
  }

  // The primodial thread is runnable from the start
  _starting_thread->set_state(RUNNABLE);

  thread->set_osthread(_starting_thread);

  // initialize signal mask for this thread
  // and save the caller's signal mask
  os::Solaris::hotspot_sigmask(thread);

  return true;
}

// _T2_libthread is true if we believe we are running with the newer
// SunSoft lwp/libthread.so (2.8 patch, 2.9 default)
bool os::Solaris::_T2_libthread = false;

bool os::create_thread(Thread* thread, ThreadType thr_type, size_t stack_size) {
  // Allocate the OSThread object
  OSThread* osthread = new OSThread(NULL, NULL);
  if (osthread == NULL) {
    return false;
  }

  if ( ThreadPriorityVerbose ) {
    char *thrtyp;
    switch ( thr_type ) {
      case vm_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"vm";
        break;
      case cgc_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"cgc";
        break;
      case pgc_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"pgc";
        break;
      case java_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"java";
        break;
      case compiler_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"compiler";
        break;
      case watcher_thread:
        thrtyp = (char *)"watcher";
        break;
      default:
        thrtyp = (char *)"unknown";
        break;
    }
    tty->print_cr("In create_thread, creating a %s thread\n", thrtyp);
  }

  // Calculate stack size if it's not specified by caller.
  if (stack_size == 0) {
    // The default stack size 1M (2M for LP64).
    stack_size = (BytesPerWord >> 2) * K * K;

    switch (thr_type) {
    case os::java_thread:
      // Java threads use ThreadStackSize which default value can be changed with the flag -Xss
      if (JavaThread::stack_size_at_create() > 0) stack_size = JavaThread::stack_size_at_create();
      break;
    case os::compiler_thread:
      if (CompilerThreadStackSize > 0) {
        stack_size = (size_t)(CompilerThreadStackSize * K);
        break;
      } // else fall through:
        // use VMThreadStackSize if CompilerThreadStackSize is not defined
    case os::vm_thread:
    case os::pgc_thread:
    case os::cgc_thread:
    case os::watcher_thread:
      if (VMThreadStackSize > 0) stack_size = (size_t)(VMThreadStackSize * K);
      break;
    }
  }
  stack_size = MAX2(stack_size, os::Solaris::min_stack_allowed);

  // Initial state is ALLOCATED but not INITIALIZED
  osthread->set_state(ALLOCATED);

  if (os::Solaris::_os_thread_count > os::Solaris::_os_thread_limit) {
    // We got lots of threads. Check if we still have some address space left.
    // Need to be at least 5Mb of unreserved address space. We do check by
    // trying to reserve some.
    const size_t VirtualMemoryBangSize = 20*K*K;
    char* mem = os::reserve_memory(VirtualMemoryBangSize);
    if (mem == NULL) {
      delete osthread;
      return false;
    } else {
      // Release the memory again
      os::release_memory(mem, VirtualMemoryBangSize);
    }
  }

  // Setup osthread because the child thread may need it.
  thread->set_osthread(osthread);

  // Create the Solaris thread
  // explicit THR_BOUND for T2_libthread case in case
  // that assumption is not accurate, but our alternate signal stack
  // handling is based on it which must have bound threads
  thread_t tid = 0;
  long     flags = (UseDetachedThreads ? THR_DETACHED : 0) | THR_SUSPENDED
                   | ((UseBoundThreads || os::Solaris::T2_libthread() ||
                       (thr_type == vm_thread) ||
                       (thr_type == cgc_thread) ||
                       (thr_type == pgc_thread) ||
                       (thr_type == compiler_thread && BackgroundCompilation)) ?
                      THR_BOUND : 0);
  int      status;

  // 4376845 -- libthread/kernel don't provide enough LWPs to utilize all CPUs.
  //
  // On multiprocessors systems, libthread sometimes under-provisions our
  // process with LWPs.  On a 30-way systems, for instance, we could have
  // 50 user-level threads in ready state and only 2 or 3 LWPs assigned
  // to our process.  This can result in under utilization of PEs.
  // I suspect the problem is related to libthread's LWP
  // pool management and to the kernel's SIGBLOCKING "last LWP parked"
  // upcall policy.
  //
  // The following code is palliative -- it attempts to ensure that our
  // process has sufficient LWPs to take advantage of multiple PEs.
  // Proper long-term cures include using user-level threads bound to LWPs
  // (THR_BOUND) or using LWP-based synchronization.  Note that there is a
  // slight timing window with respect to sampling _os_thread_count, but
  // the race is benign.  Also, we should periodically recompute
  // _processors_online as the min of SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN and the
  // the number of PEs in our partition.  You might be tempted to use
  // THR_NEW_LWP here, but I'd recommend against it as that could
  // result in undesirable growth of the libthread's LWP pool.
  // The fix below isn't sufficient; for instance, it doesn't take into count
  // LWPs parked on IO.  It does, however, help certain CPU-bound benchmarks.
  //
  // Some pathologies this scheme doesn't handle:
  // *  Threads can block, releasing the LWPs.  The LWPs can age out.
  //    When a large number of threads become ready again there aren't
  //    enough LWPs available to service them.  This can occur when the
  //    number of ready threads oscillates.
  // *  LWPs/Threads park on IO, thus taking the LWP out of circulation.
  //
  // Finally, we should call thr_setconcurrency() periodically to refresh
  // the LWP pool and thwart the LWP age-out mechanism.
  // The "+3" term provides a little slop -- we want to slightly overprovision.

  if (AdjustConcurrency && os::Solaris::_os_thread_count < (_processors_online+3)) {
    if (!(flags & THR_BOUND)) {
      thr_setconcurrency (os::Solaris::_os_thread_count);       // avoid starvation
    }
  }
  // Although this doesn't hurt, we should warn of undefined behavior
  // when using unbound T1 threads with schedctl().  This should never
  // happen, as the compiler and VM threads are always created bound
  DEBUG_ONLY(
      if ((VMThreadHintNoPreempt || CompilerThreadHintNoPreempt) &&
          (!os::Solaris::T2_libthread() && (!(flags & THR_BOUND))) &&
          ((thr_type == vm_thread) || (thr_type == cgc_thread) ||
           (thr_type == pgc_thread) || (thr_type == compiler_thread && BackgroundCompilation))) {
         warning("schedctl behavior undefined when Compiler/VM/GC Threads are Unbound");
      }
  );


  // Mark that we don't have an lwp or thread id yet.
  // In case we attempt to set the priority before the thread starts.
  osthread->set_lwp_id(-1);
  osthread->set_thread_id(-1);

  status = thr_create(NULL, stack_size, java_start, thread, flags, &tid);
  if (status != 0) {
    if (PrintMiscellaneous && (Verbose || WizardMode)) {
      perror("os::create_thread");
    }
    thread->set_osthread(NULL);
    // Need to clean up stuff we've allocated so far
    delete osthread;
    return false;
  }

  Atomic::inc(&os::Solaris::_os_thread_count);

  // Store info on the Solaris thread into the OSThread
  osthread->set_thread_id(tid);

  // Remember that we created this thread so we can set priority on it
  osthread->set_vm_created();

  // Set the default thread priority.  If using bound threads, setting
  // lwp priority will be delayed until thread start.
  set_native_priority(thread,
                      DefaultThreadPriority == -1 ?
                        java_to_os_priority[NormPriority] :
                        DefaultThreadPriority);

  // Initial thread state is INITIALIZED, not SUSPENDED
  osthread->set_state(INITIALIZED);

  // The thread is returned suspended (in state INITIALIZED), and is started higher up in the call chain
  return true;
}

/* defined for >= Solaris 10. This allows builds on earlier versions
 *  of Solaris to take advantage of the newly reserved Solaris JVM signals
 *  With SIGJVM1, SIGJVM2, INTERRUPT_SIGNAL is SIGJVM1, ASYNC_SIGNAL is SIGJVM2
 *  and -XX:+UseAltSigs does nothing since these should have no conflict
 */
#if !defined(SIGJVM1)
#define SIGJVM1 39
#define SIGJVM2 40
#endif

debug_only(static bool signal_sets_initialized = false);
static sigset_t unblocked_sigs, vm_sigs, allowdebug_blocked_sigs;
int os::Solaris::_SIGinterrupt = INTERRUPT_SIGNAL;
int os::Solaris::_SIGasync = ASYNC_SIGNAL;

bool os::Solaris::is_sig_ignored(int sig) {
      struct sigaction oact;
      sigaction(sig, (struct sigaction*)NULL, &oact);
      void* ohlr = oact.sa_sigaction ? CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*,  oact.sa_sigaction)
                                     : CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*,  oact.sa_handler);
      if (ohlr == CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, SIG_IGN))
           return true;
      else
           return false;
}

// Note: SIGRTMIN is a macro that calls sysconf() so it will
// dynamically detect SIGRTMIN value for the system at runtime, not buildtime
static bool isJVM1available() {
  return SIGJVM1 < SIGRTMIN;
}

void os::Solaris::signal_sets_init() {
  // Should also have an assertion stating we are still single-threaded.
  assert(!signal_sets_initialized, "Already initialized");
  // Fill in signals that are necessarily unblocked for all threads in
  // the VM. Currently, we unblock the following signals:
  // SHUTDOWN{1,2,3}_SIGNAL: for shutdown hooks support (unless over-ridden
  //                         by -Xrs (=ReduceSignalUsage));
  // BREAK_SIGNAL which is unblocked only by the VM thread and blocked by all
  // other threads. The "ReduceSignalUsage" boolean tells us not to alter
  // the dispositions or masks wrt these signals.
  // Programs embedding the VM that want to use the above signals for their
  // own purposes must, at this time, use the "-Xrs" option to prevent
  // interference with shutdown hooks and BREAK_SIGNAL thread dumping.
  // (See bug 4345157, and other related bugs).
  // In reality, though, unblocking these signals is really a nop, since
  // these signals are not blocked by default.
  sigemptyset(&unblocked_sigs);
  sigemptyset(&allowdebug_blocked_sigs);
  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SIGILL);
  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SIGSEGV);
  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SIGBUS);
  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SIGFPE);

  if (isJVM1available) {
    os::Solaris::set_SIGinterrupt(SIGJVM1);
    os::Solaris::set_SIGasync(SIGJVM2);
  } else if (UseAltSigs) {
    os::Solaris::set_SIGinterrupt(ALT_INTERRUPT_SIGNAL);
    os::Solaris::set_SIGasync(ALT_ASYNC_SIGNAL);
  } else {
    os::Solaris::set_SIGinterrupt(INTERRUPT_SIGNAL);
    os::Solaris::set_SIGasync(ASYNC_SIGNAL);
  }

  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt());
  sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, os::Solaris::SIGasync());

  if (!ReduceSignalUsage) {
   if (!os::Solaris::is_sig_ignored(SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL)) {
      sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL);
      sigaddset(&allowdebug_blocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL);
   }
   if (!os::Solaris::is_sig_ignored(SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL)) {
      sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL);
      sigaddset(&allowdebug_blocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL);
   }
   if (!os::Solaris::is_sig_ignored(SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL)) {
      sigaddset(&unblocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL);
      sigaddset(&allowdebug_blocked_sigs, SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL);
   }
  }
  // Fill in signals that are blocked by all but the VM thread.
  sigemptyset(&vm_sigs);
  if (!ReduceSignalUsage)
    sigaddset(&vm_sigs, BREAK_SIGNAL);
  debug_only(signal_sets_initialized = true);

  // For diagnostics only used in run_periodic_checks
  sigemptyset(&check_signal_done);
}

// These are signals that are unblocked while a thread is running Java.
// (For some reason, they get blocked by default.)
sigset_t* os::Solaris::unblocked_signals() {
  assert(signal_sets_initialized, "Not initialized");
  return &unblocked_sigs;
}

// These are the signals that are blocked while a (non-VM) thread is
// running Java. Only the VM thread handles these signals.
sigset_t* os::Solaris::vm_signals() {
  assert(signal_sets_initialized, "Not initialized");
  return &vm_sigs;
}

// These are signals that are blocked during cond_wait to allow debugger in
sigset_t* os::Solaris::allowdebug_blocked_signals() {
  assert(signal_sets_initialized, "Not initialized");
  return &allowdebug_blocked_sigs;
}


void _handle_uncaught_cxx_exception() {
  VMError err("An uncaught C++ exception");
  err.report_and_die();
}


// First crack at OS-specific initialization, from inside the new thread.
void os::initialize_thread(Thread* thr) {
  int r = thr_main() ;
  guarantee (r == 0 || r == 1, "CR6501650 or CR6493689") ;
  if (r) {
    JavaThread* jt = (JavaThread *)thr;
    assert(jt != NULL,"Sanity check");
    size_t stack_size;
    address base = jt->stack_base();
    if (Arguments::created_by_java_launcher()) {
      // Use 2MB to allow for Solaris 7 64 bit mode.
      stack_size = JavaThread::stack_size_at_create() == 0
        ? 2048*K : JavaThread::stack_size_at_create();

      // There are rare cases when we may have already used more than
      // the basic stack size allotment before this method is invoked.
      // Attempt to allow for a normally sized java_stack.
      size_t current_stack_offset = (size_t)(base - (address)&stack_size);
      stack_size += ReservedSpace::page_align_size_down(current_stack_offset);
    } else {
      // 6269555: If we were not created by a Java launcher, i.e. if we are
      // running embedded in a native application, treat the primordial thread
      // as much like a native attached thread as possible.  This means using
      // the current stack size from thr_stksegment(), unless it is too large
      // to reliably setup guard pages.  A reasonable max size is 8MB.
      size_t current_size = current_stack_size();
      // This should never happen, but just in case....
      if (current_size == 0) current_size = 2 * K * K;
      stack_size = current_size > (8 * K * K) ? (8 * K * K) : current_size;
    }
    address bottom = (address)align_size_up((intptr_t)(base - stack_size), os::vm_page_size());;
    stack_size = (size_t)(base - bottom);

    assert(stack_size > 0, "Stack size calculation problem");

    if (stack_size > jt->stack_size()) {
      NOT_PRODUCT(
        struct rlimit limits;
        getrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &limits);
        size_t size = adjust_stack_size(base, (size_t)limits.rlim_cur);
        assert(size >= jt->stack_size(), "Stack size problem in main thread");
      )
      tty->print_cr(
        "Stack size of %d Kb exceeds current limit of %d Kb.\n"
        "(Stack sizes are rounded up to a multiple of the system page size.)\n"
        "See limit(1) to increase the stack size limit.",
        stack_size / K, jt->stack_size() / K);
      vm_exit(1);
    }
    assert(jt->stack_size() >= stack_size,
          "Attempt to map more stack than was allocated");
    jt->set_stack_size(stack_size);
  }

   // 5/22/01: Right now alternate signal stacks do not handle
   // throwing stack overflow exceptions, see bug 4463178
   // Until a fix is found for this, T2 will NOT imply alternate signal
   // stacks.
   // If using T2 libthread threads, install an alternate signal stack.
   // Because alternate stacks associate with LWPs on Solaris,
   // see sigaltstack(2), if using UNBOUND threads, or if UseBoundThreads
   // we prefer to explicitly stack bang.
   // If not using T2 libthread, but using UseBoundThreads any threads
   // (primordial thread, jni_attachCurrentThread) we do not create,
   // probably are not bound, therefore they can not have an alternate
   // signal stack. Since our stack banging code is generated and
   // is shared across threads, all threads must be bound to allow
   // using alternate signal stacks.  The alternative is to interpose
   // on _lwp_create to associate an alt sig stack with each LWP,
   // and this could be a problem when the JVM is embedded.
   // We would prefer to use alternate signal stacks with T2
   // Since there is currently no accurate way to detect T2
   // we do not. Assuming T2 when running T1 causes sig 11s or assertions
   // on installing alternate signal stacks


   // 05/09/03: removed alternate signal stack support for Solaris
   // The alternate signal stack mechanism is no longer needed to
   // handle stack overflow. This is now handled by allocating
   // guard pages (red zone) and stackbanging.
   // Initially the alternate signal stack mechanism was removed because
   // it did not work with T1 llibthread. Alternate
   // signal stacks MUST have all threads bound to lwps. Applications
   // can create their own threads and attach them without their being
   // bound under T1. This is frequently the case for the primordial thread.
   // If we were ever to reenable this mechanism we would need to
   // use the dynamic check for T2 libthread.

  os::Solaris::init_thread_fpu_state();
  std::set_terminate(_handle_uncaught_cxx_exception);
}



// Free Solaris resources related to the OSThread
void os::free_thread(OSThread* osthread) {
  assert(osthread != NULL, "os::free_thread but osthread not set");


  // We are told to free resources of the argument thread,
  // but we can only really operate on the current thread.
  // The main thread must take the VMThread down synchronously
  // before the main thread exits and frees up CodeHeap
  guarantee((Thread::current()->osthread() == osthread
     || (osthread == VMThread::vm_thread()->osthread())), "os::free_thread but not current thread");
  if (Thread::current()->osthread() == osthread) {
    // Restore caller's signal mask
    sigset_t sigmask = osthread->caller_sigmask();
    thr_sigsetmask(SIG_SETMASK, &sigmask, NULL);
  }
  delete osthread;
}

void os::pd_start_thread(Thread* thread) {
  int status = thr_continue(thread->osthread()->thread_id());
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "thr_continue failed");
}


intx os::current_thread_id() {
  return (intx)thr_self();
}

static pid_t _initial_pid = 0;

int os::current_process_id() {
  return (int)(_initial_pid ? _initial_pid : getpid());
}

// gethrtime() should be monotonic according to the documentation,
// but some virtualized platforms are known to break this guarantee.
// getTimeNanos() must be guaranteed not to move backwards, so we
// are forced to add a check here.
inline hrtime_t getTimeNanos() {
  const hrtime_t now = gethrtime();
  const hrtime_t prev = max_hrtime;
  if (now <= prev) {
    return prev;   // same or retrograde time;
  }
  const hrtime_t obsv = Atomic::cmpxchg(now, (volatile jlong*)&max_hrtime, prev);
  assert(obsv >= prev, "invariant");   // Monotonicity
  // If the CAS succeeded then we're done and return "now".
  // If the CAS failed and the observed value "obsv" is >= now then
  // we should return "obsv".  If the CAS failed and now > obsv > prv then
  // some other thread raced this thread and installed a new value, in which case
  // we could either (a) retry the entire operation, (b) retry trying to install now
  // or (c) just return obsv.  We use (c).   No loop is required although in some cases
  // we might discard a higher "now" value in deference to a slightly lower but freshly
  // installed obsv value.   That's entirely benign -- it admits no new orderings compared
  // to (a) or (b) -- and greatly reduces coherence traffic.
  // We might also condition (c) on the magnitude of the delta between obsv and now.
  // Avoiding excessive CAS operations to hot RW locations is critical.
  // See https://blogs.oracle.com/dave/entry/cas_and_cache_trivia_invalidate
  return (prev == obsv) ? now : obsv;
}

// Time since start-up in seconds to a fine granularity.
// Used by VMSelfDestructTimer and the MemProfiler.
double os::elapsedTime() {
  return (double)(getTimeNanos() - first_hrtime) / (double)hrtime_hz;
}

jlong os::elapsed_counter() {
  return (jlong)(getTimeNanos() - first_hrtime);
}

jlong os::elapsed_frequency() {
   return hrtime_hz;
}

// Return the real, user, and system times in seconds from an
// arbitrary fixed point in the past.
bool os::getTimesSecs(double* process_real_time,
                  double* process_user_time,
                  double* process_system_time) {
  struct tms ticks;
  clock_t real_ticks = times(&ticks);

  if (real_ticks == (clock_t) (-1)) {
    return false;
  } else {
    double ticks_per_second = (double) clock_tics_per_sec;
    *process_user_time = ((double) ticks.tms_utime) / ticks_per_second;
    *process_system_time = ((double) ticks.tms_stime) / ticks_per_second;
    // For consistency return the real time from getTimeNanos()
    // converted to seconds.
    *process_real_time = ((double) getTimeNanos()) / ((double) NANOUNITS);

    return true;
  }
}

bool os::supports_vtime() { return true; }

bool os::enable_vtime() {
  int fd = ::open("/proc/self/ctl", O_WRONLY);
  if (fd == -1)
    return false;

  long cmd[] = { PCSET, PR_MSACCT };
  int res = ::write(fd, cmd, sizeof(long) * 2);
  ::close(fd);
  if (res != sizeof(long) * 2)
    return false;

  return true;
}

bool os::vtime_enabled() {
  int fd = ::open("/proc/self/status", O_RDONLY);
  if (fd == -1)
    return false;

  pstatus_t status;
  int res = os::read(fd, (void*) &status, sizeof(pstatus_t));
  ::close(fd);
  if (res != sizeof(pstatus_t))
    return false;

  return status.pr_flags & PR_MSACCT;
}

double os::elapsedVTime() {
  return (double)gethrvtime() / (double)hrtime_hz;
}

// Used internally for comparisons only
// getTimeMillis guaranteed to not move backwards on Solaris
jlong getTimeMillis() {
  jlong nanotime = getTimeNanos();
  return (jlong)(nanotime / NANOSECS_PER_MILLISEC);
}

// Must return millis since Jan 1 1970 for JVM_CurrentTimeMillis
jlong os::javaTimeMillis() {
  timeval t;
  if (gettimeofday( &t, NULL) == -1)
    fatal(err_msg("os::javaTimeMillis: gettimeofday (%s)", strerror(errno)));
  return jlong(t.tv_sec) * 1000  +  jlong(t.tv_usec) / 1000;
}

jlong os::javaTimeNanos() {
  return (jlong)getTimeNanos();
}

void os::javaTimeNanos_info(jvmtiTimerInfo *info_ptr) {
  info_ptr->max_value = ALL_64_BITS;      // gethrtime() uses all 64 bits
  info_ptr->may_skip_backward = false;    // not subject to resetting or drifting
  info_ptr->may_skip_forward = false;     // not subject to resetting or drifting
  info_ptr->kind = JVMTI_TIMER_ELAPSED;   // elapsed not CPU time
}

char * os::local_time_string(char *buf, size_t buflen) {
  struct tm t;
  time_t long_time;
  time(&long_time);
  localtime_r(&long_time, &t);
  jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%d-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d",
               t.tm_year + 1900, t.tm_mon + 1, t.tm_mday,
               t.tm_hour, t.tm_min, t.tm_sec);
  return buf;
}

// Note: os::shutdown() might be called very early during initialization, or
// called from signal handler. Before adding something to os::shutdown(), make
// sure it is async-safe and can handle partially initialized VM.
void os::shutdown() {

  // allow PerfMemory to attempt cleanup of any persistent resources
  perfMemory_exit();

  // needs to remove object in file system
  AttachListener::abort();

  // flush buffered output, finish log files
  ostream_abort();

  // Check for abort hook
  abort_hook_t abort_hook = Arguments::abort_hook();
  if (abort_hook != NULL) {
    abort_hook();
  }
}

// Note: os::abort() might be called very early during initialization, or
// called from signal handler. Before adding something to os::abort(), make
// sure it is async-safe and can handle partially initialized VM.
void os::abort(bool dump_core) {
  os::shutdown();
  if (dump_core) {
#ifndef PRODUCT
    fdStream out(defaultStream::output_fd());
    out.print_raw("Current thread is ");
    char buf[16];
    jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), UINTX_FORMAT, os::current_thread_id());
    out.print_raw_cr(buf);
    out.print_raw_cr("Dumping core ...");
#endif
    ::abort(); // dump core (for debugging)
  }

  ::exit(1);
}

// Die immediately, no exit hook, no abort hook, no cleanup.
void os::die() {
  ::abort(); // dump core (for debugging)
}

// DLL functions

const char* os::dll_file_extension() { return ".so"; }

// This must be hard coded because it's the system's temporary
// directory not the java application's temp directory, ala java.io.tmpdir.
const char* os::get_temp_directory() { return "/tmp"; }

static bool file_exists(const char* filename) {
  struct stat statbuf;
  if (filename == NULL || strlen(filename) == 0) {
    return false;
  }
  return os::stat(filename, &statbuf) == 0;
}

bool os::dll_build_name(char* buffer, size_t buflen,
                        const char* pname, const char* fname) {
  bool retval = false;
  const size_t pnamelen = pname ? strlen(pname) : 0;

  // Return error on buffer overflow.
  if (pnamelen + strlen(fname) + 10 > (size_t) buflen) {
    return retval;
  }

  if (pnamelen == 0) {
    snprintf(buffer, buflen, "lib%s.so", fname);
    retval = true;
  } else if (strchr(pname, *os::path_separator()) != NULL) {
    int n;
    char** pelements = split_path(pname, &n);
    if (pelements == NULL) {
      return false;
    }
    for (int i = 0 ; i < n ; i++) {
      // really shouldn't be NULL but what the heck, check can't hurt
      if (pelements[i] == NULL || strlen(pelements[i]) == 0) {
        continue; // skip the empty path values
      }
      snprintf(buffer, buflen, "%s/lib%s.so", pelements[i], fname);
      if (file_exists(buffer)) {
        retval = true;
        break;
      }
    }
    // release the storage
    for (int i = 0 ; i < n ; i++) {
      if (pelements[i] != NULL) {
        FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, pelements[i], mtInternal);
      }
    }
    if (pelements != NULL) {
      FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char*, pelements, mtInternal);
    }
  } else {
    snprintf(buffer, buflen, "%s/lib%s.so", pname, fname);
    retval = true;
  }
  return retval;
}

// check if addr is inside libjvm.so
bool os::address_is_in_vm(address addr) {
  static address libjvm_base_addr;
  Dl_info dlinfo;

  if (libjvm_base_addr == NULL) {
    if (dladdr(CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void *, os::address_is_in_vm), &dlinfo) != 0) {
      libjvm_base_addr = (address)dlinfo.dli_fbase;
    }
    assert(libjvm_base_addr !=NULL, "Cannot obtain base address for libjvm");
  }

  if (dladdr((void *)addr, &dlinfo) != 0) {
    if (libjvm_base_addr == (address)dlinfo.dli_fbase) return true;
  }

  return false;
}

typedef int (*dladdr1_func_type) (void *, Dl_info *, void **, int);
static dladdr1_func_type dladdr1_func = NULL;

bool os::dll_address_to_function_name(address addr, char *buf,
                                      int buflen, int * offset) {
  // buf is not optional, but offset is optional
  assert(buf != NULL, "sanity check");

  Dl_info dlinfo;

  // dladdr1_func was initialized in os::init()
  if (dladdr1_func != NULL) {
    // yes, we have dladdr1

    // Support for dladdr1 is checked at runtime; it may be
    // available even if the vm is built on a machine that does
    // not have dladdr1 support.  Make sure there is a value for
    // RTLD_DL_SYMENT.
    #ifndef RTLD_DL_SYMENT
    #define RTLD_DL_SYMENT 1
    #endif
#ifdef _LP64
    Elf64_Sym * info;
#else
    Elf32_Sym * info;
#endif
    if (dladdr1_func((void *)addr, &dlinfo, (void **)&info,
                     RTLD_DL_SYMENT) != 0) {
      // see if we have a matching symbol that covers our address
      if (dlinfo.dli_saddr != NULL &&
          (char *)dlinfo.dli_saddr + info->st_size > (char *)addr) {
        if (dlinfo.dli_sname != NULL) {
          if (!Decoder::demangle(dlinfo.dli_sname, buf, buflen)) {
            jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s", dlinfo.dli_sname);
          }
          if (offset != NULL) *offset = addr - (address)dlinfo.dli_saddr;
          return true;
        }
      }
      // no matching symbol so try for just file info
      if (dlinfo.dli_fname != NULL && dlinfo.dli_fbase != NULL) {
        if (Decoder::decode((address)(addr - (address)dlinfo.dli_fbase),
                            buf, buflen, offset, dlinfo.dli_fname)) {
          return true;
        }
      }
    }
    buf[0] = '\0';
    if (offset != NULL) *offset  = -1;
    return false;
  }

  // no, only dladdr is available
  if (dladdr((void *)addr, &dlinfo) != 0) {
    // see if we have a matching symbol
    if (dlinfo.dli_saddr != NULL && dlinfo.dli_sname != NULL) {
      if (!Decoder::demangle(dlinfo.dli_sname, buf, buflen)) {
        jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, dlinfo.dli_sname);
      }
      if (offset != NULL) *offset = addr - (address)dlinfo.dli_saddr;
      return true;
    }
    // no matching symbol so try for just file info
    if (dlinfo.dli_fname != NULL && dlinfo.dli_fbase != NULL) {
      if (Decoder::decode((address)(addr - (address)dlinfo.dli_fbase),
                          buf, buflen, offset, dlinfo.dli_fname)) {
        return true;
      }
    }
  }
  buf[0] = '\0';
  if (offset != NULL) *offset  = -1;
  return false;
}

bool os::dll_address_to_library_name(address addr, char* buf,
                                     int buflen, int* offset) {
  // buf is not optional, but offset is optional
  assert(buf != NULL, "sanity check");

  Dl_info dlinfo;

  if (dladdr((void*)addr, &dlinfo) != 0) {
    if (dlinfo.dli_fname != NULL) {
      jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s", dlinfo.dli_fname);
    }
    if (dlinfo.dli_fbase != NULL && offset != NULL) {
      *offset = addr - (address)dlinfo.dli_fbase;
    }
    return true;
  }

  buf[0] = '\0';
  if (offset) *offset = -1;
  return false;
}

// Prints the names and full paths of all opened dynamic libraries
// for current process
void os::print_dll_info(outputStream * st) {
  Dl_info dli;
  void *handle;
  Link_map *map;
  Link_map *p;

  st->print_cr("Dynamic libraries:"); st->flush();

  if (dladdr(CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void *, os::print_dll_info), &dli) == 0 ||
      dli.dli_fname == NULL) {
    st->print_cr("Error: Cannot print dynamic libraries.");
    return;
  }
  handle = dlopen(dli.dli_fname, RTLD_LAZY);
  if (handle == NULL) {
    st->print_cr("Error: Cannot print dynamic libraries.");
    return;
  }
  dlinfo(handle, RTLD_DI_LINKMAP, &map);
  if (map == NULL) {
    st->print_cr("Error: Cannot print dynamic libraries.");
    return;
  }

  while (map->l_prev != NULL)
    map = map->l_prev;

  while (map != NULL) {
    st->print_cr(PTR_FORMAT " \t%s", map->l_addr, map->l_name);
    map = map->l_next;
  }

  dlclose(handle);
}

  // Loads .dll/.so and
  // in case of error it checks if .dll/.so was built for the
  // same architecture as Hotspot is running on

void * os::dll_load(const char *filename, char *ebuf, int ebuflen)
{
  void * result= ::dlopen(filename, RTLD_LAZY);
  if (result != NULL) {
    // Successful loading
    return result;
  }

  Elf32_Ehdr elf_head;

  // Read system error message into ebuf
  // It may or may not be overwritten below
  ::strncpy(ebuf, ::dlerror(), ebuflen-1);
  ebuf[ebuflen-1]='\0';
  int diag_msg_max_length=ebuflen-strlen(ebuf);
  char* diag_msg_buf=ebuf+strlen(ebuf);

  if (diag_msg_max_length==0) {
    // No more space in ebuf for additional diagnostics message
    return NULL;
  }


  int file_descriptor= ::open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_NONBLOCK);

  if (file_descriptor < 0) {
    // Can't open library, report dlerror() message
    return NULL;
  }

  bool failed_to_read_elf_head=
    (sizeof(elf_head)!=
        (::read(file_descriptor, &elf_head,sizeof(elf_head)))) ;

  ::close(file_descriptor);
  if (failed_to_read_elf_head) {
    // file i/o error - report dlerror() msg
    return NULL;
  }

  typedef struct {
    Elf32_Half  code;         // Actual value as defined in elf.h
    Elf32_Half  compat_class; // Compatibility of archs at VM's sense
    char        elf_class;    // 32 or 64 bit
    char        endianess;    // MSB or LSB
    char*       name;         // String representation
  } arch_t;

  static const arch_t arch_array[]={
    {EM_386,         EM_386,     ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2LSB, (char*)"IA 32"},
    {EM_486,         EM_386,     ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2LSB, (char*)"IA 32"},
    {EM_IA_64,       EM_IA_64,   ELFCLASS64, ELFDATA2LSB, (char*)"IA 64"},
    {EM_X86_64,      EM_X86_64,  ELFCLASS64, ELFDATA2LSB, (char*)"AMD 64"},
    {EM_SPARC,       EM_SPARC,   ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2MSB, (char*)"Sparc 32"},
    {EM_SPARC32PLUS, EM_SPARC,   ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2MSB, (char*)"Sparc 32"},
    {EM_SPARCV9,     EM_SPARCV9, ELFCLASS64, ELFDATA2MSB, (char*)"Sparc v9 64"},
    {EM_PPC,         EM_PPC,     ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2MSB, (char*)"Power PC 32"},
    {EM_PPC64,       EM_PPC64,   ELFCLASS64, ELFDATA2MSB, (char*)"Power PC 64"},
    {EM_ARM,         EM_ARM,     ELFCLASS32, ELFDATA2LSB, (char*)"ARM 32"}
  };

  #if  (defined IA32)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_386;
  #elif   (defined AMD64)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_X86_64;
  #elif  (defined IA64)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_IA_64;
  #elif  (defined __sparc) && (defined _LP64)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_SPARCV9;
  #elif  (defined __sparc) && (!defined _LP64)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_SPARC;
  #elif  (defined __powerpc64__)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_PPC64;
  #elif  (defined __powerpc__)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_PPC;
  #elif (defined ARM)
    static  Elf32_Half running_arch_code=EM_ARM;
  #else
    #error Method os::dll_load requires that one of following is defined:\
         IA32, AMD64, IA64, __sparc, __powerpc__, ARM, ARM
  #endif

  // Identify compatability class for VM's architecture and library's architecture
  // Obtain string descriptions for architectures

  arch_t lib_arch={elf_head.e_machine,0,elf_head.e_ident[EI_CLASS], elf_head.e_ident[EI_DATA], NULL};
  int running_arch_index=-1;

  for (unsigned int i=0 ; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arch_array) ; i++ ) {
    if (running_arch_code == arch_array[i].code) {
      running_arch_index    = i;
    }
    if (lib_arch.code == arch_array[i].code) {
      lib_arch.compat_class = arch_array[i].compat_class;
      lib_arch.name         = arch_array[i].name;
    }
  }

  assert(running_arch_index != -1,
    "Didn't find running architecture code (running_arch_code) in arch_array");
  if (running_arch_index == -1) {
    // Even though running architecture detection failed
    // we may still continue with reporting dlerror() message
    return NULL;
  }

  if (lib_arch.endianess != arch_array[running_arch_index].endianess) {
    ::snprintf(diag_msg_buf, diag_msg_max_length-1," (Possible cause: endianness mismatch)");
    return NULL;
  }

  if (lib_arch.elf_class != arch_array[running_arch_index].elf_class) {
    ::snprintf(diag_msg_buf, diag_msg_max_length-1," (Possible cause: architecture word width mismatch)");
    return NULL;
  }

  if (lib_arch.compat_class != arch_array[running_arch_index].compat_class) {
    if ( lib_arch.name!=NULL ) {
      ::snprintf(diag_msg_buf, diag_msg_max_length-1,
        " (Possible cause: can't load %s-bit .so on a %s-bit platform)",
        lib_arch.name, arch_array[running_arch_index].name);
    } else {
      ::snprintf(diag_msg_buf, diag_msg_max_length-1,
      " (Possible cause: can't load this .so (machine code=0x%x) on a %s-bit platform)",
        lib_arch.code,
        arch_array[running_arch_index].name);
    }
  }

  return NULL;
}

void* os::dll_lookup(void* handle, const char* name) {
  return dlsym(handle, name);
}

void* os::get_default_process_handle() {
  return (void*)::dlopen(NULL, RTLD_LAZY);
}

int os::stat(const char *path, struct stat *sbuf) {
  char pathbuf[MAX_PATH];
  if (strlen(path) > MAX_PATH - 1) {
    errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
    return -1;
  }
  os::native_path(strcpy(pathbuf, path));
  return ::stat(pathbuf, sbuf);
}

static bool _print_ascii_file(const char* filename, outputStream* st) {
  int fd = ::open(filename, O_RDONLY);
  if (fd == -1) {
     return false;
  }

  char buf[32];
  int bytes;
  while ((bytes = ::read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf))) > 0) {
    st->print_raw(buf, bytes);
  }

  ::close(fd);

  return true;
}

void os::print_os_info_brief(outputStream* st) {
  os::Solaris::print_distro_info(st);

  os::Posix::print_uname_info(st);

  os::Solaris::print_libversion_info(st);
}

void os::print_os_info(outputStream* st) {
  st->print("OS:");

  os::Solaris::print_distro_info(st);

  os::Posix::print_uname_info(st);

  os::Solaris::print_libversion_info(st);

  os::Posix::print_rlimit_info(st);

  os::Posix::print_load_average(st);
}

void os::Solaris::print_distro_info(outputStream* st) {
  if (!_print_ascii_file("/etc/release", st)) {
      st->print("Solaris");
    }
    st->cr();
}

void os::Solaris::print_libversion_info(outputStream* st) {
  if (os::Solaris::T2_libthread()) {
    st->print("  (T2 libthread)");
  }
  else {
    st->print("  (T1 libthread)");
  }
  st->cr();
}

static bool check_addr0(outputStream* st) {
  jboolean status = false;
  int fd = ::open("/proc/self/map",O_RDONLY);
  if (fd >= 0) {
    prmap_t p;
    while(::read(fd, &p, sizeof(p)) > 0) {
      if (p.pr_vaddr == 0x0) {
        st->print("Warning: Address: 0x%x, Size: %dK, ",p.pr_vaddr, p.pr_size/1024, p.pr_mapname);
        st->print("Mapped file: %s, ", p.pr_mapname[0] == '\0' ? "None" : p.pr_mapname);
        st->print("Access:");
        st->print("%s",(p.pr_mflags & MA_READ)  ? "r" : "-");
        st->print("%s",(p.pr_mflags & MA_WRITE) ? "w" : "-");
        st->print("%s",(p.pr_mflags & MA_EXEC)  ? "x" : "-");
        st->cr();
        status = true;
      }
    }
    ::close(fd);
  }
  return status;
}

void os::pd_print_cpu_info(outputStream* st) {
  // Nothing to do for now.
}

void os::print_memory_info(outputStream* st) {
  st->print("Memory:");
  st->print(" %dk page", os::vm_page_size()>>10);
  st->print(", physical " UINT64_FORMAT "k", os::physical_memory()>>10);
  st->print("(" UINT64_FORMAT "k free)", os::available_memory() >> 10);
  st->cr();
  if (VMError::fatal_error_in_progress()) {
     (void) check_addr0(st);
  }
}

void os::print_siginfo(outputStream* st, void* siginfo) {
  const siginfo_t* si = (const siginfo_t*)siginfo;

  os::Posix::print_siginfo_brief(st, si);

  if (si && (si->si_signo == SIGBUS || si->si_signo == SIGSEGV) &&
      UseSharedSpaces) {
    FileMapInfo* mapinfo = FileMapInfo::current_info();
    if (mapinfo->is_in_shared_space(si->si_addr)) {
      st->print("\n\nError accessing class data sharing archive."   \
                " Mapped file inaccessible during execution, "      \
                " possible disk/network problem.");
    }
  }
  st->cr();
}

// Moved from whole group, because we need them here for diagnostic
// prints.
#define OLDMAXSIGNUM 32
static int Maxsignum = 0;
static int *ourSigFlags = NULL;

extern "C" void sigINTRHandler(int, siginfo_t*, void*);

int os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(int sig) {
  assert(ourSigFlags!=NULL, "signal data structure not initialized");
  assert(sig > 0 && sig < Maxsignum, "vm signal out of expected range");
  return ourSigFlags[sig];
}

void os::Solaris::set_our_sigflags(int sig, int flags) {
  assert(ourSigFlags!=NULL, "signal data structure not initialized");
  assert(sig > 0 && sig < Maxsignum, "vm signal out of expected range");
  ourSigFlags[sig] = flags;
}


static const char* get_signal_handler_name(address handler,
                                           char* buf, int buflen) {
  int offset;
  bool found = os::dll_address_to_library_name(handler, buf, buflen, &offset);
  if (found) {
    // skip directory names
    const char *p1, *p2;
    p1 = buf;
    size_t len = strlen(os::file_separator());
    while ((p2 = strstr(p1, os::file_separator())) != NULL) p1 = p2 + len;
    jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s+0x%x", p1, offset);
  } else {
    jio_snprintf(buf, buflen, PTR_FORMAT, handler);
  }
  return buf;
}

static void print_signal_handler(outputStream* st, int sig,
                                  char* buf, size_t buflen) {
  struct sigaction sa;

  sigaction(sig, NULL, &sa);

  st->print("%s: ", os::exception_name(sig, buf, buflen));

  address handler = (sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
                  ? CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, sa.sa_sigaction)
                  : CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, sa.sa_handler);

  if (handler == CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, SIG_DFL)) {
    st->print("SIG_DFL");
  } else if (handler == CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, SIG_IGN)) {
    st->print("SIG_IGN");
  } else {
    st->print("[%s]", get_signal_handler_name(handler, buf, buflen));
  }

  st->print(", sa_mask[0]=");
  os::Posix::print_signal_set_short(st, &sa.sa_mask);

  address rh = VMError::get_resetted_sighandler(sig);
  // May be, handler was resetted by VMError?
  if(rh != NULL) {
    handler = rh;
    sa.sa_flags = VMError::get_resetted_sigflags(sig);
  }

  st->print(", sa_flags=");
  os::Posix::print_sa_flags(st, sa.sa_flags);

  // Check: is it our handler?
  if(handler == CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, signalHandler) ||
     handler == CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, sigINTRHandler)) {
    // It is our signal handler
    // check for flags
    if(sa.sa_flags != os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(sig)) {
      st->print(
        ", flags was changed from " PTR32_FORMAT ", consider using jsig library",
        os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(sig));
    }
  }
  st->cr();
}

void os::print_signal_handlers(outputStream* st, char* buf, size_t buflen) {
  st->print_cr("Signal Handlers:");
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGSEGV, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGBUS , buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGFPE , buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGPIPE, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGXFSZ, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SIGILL , buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, INTERRUPT_SIGNAL, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, ASYNC_SIGNAL, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, BREAK_SIGNAL, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL , buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL , buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL, buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt(), buf, buflen);
  print_signal_handler(st, os::Solaris::SIGasync(), buf, buflen);
}

static char saved_jvm_path[MAXPATHLEN] = { 0 };

// Find the full path to the current module, libjvm.so
void os::jvm_path(char *buf, jint buflen) {
  // Error checking.
  if (buflen < MAXPATHLEN) {
    assert(false, "must use a large-enough buffer");
    buf[0] = '\0';
    return;
  }
  // Lazy resolve the path to current module.
  if (saved_jvm_path[0] != 0) {
    strcpy(buf, saved_jvm_path);
    return;
  }

  Dl_info dlinfo;
  int ret = dladdr(CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void *, os::jvm_path), &dlinfo);
  assert(ret != 0, "cannot locate libjvm");
  if (ret != 0 && dlinfo.dli_fname != NULL) {
    realpath((char *)dlinfo.dli_fname, buf);
  } else {
    buf[0] = '\0';
    return;
  }

  if (Arguments::created_by_gamma_launcher()) {
    // Support for the gamma launcher.  Typical value for buf is
    // "<JAVA_HOME>/jre/lib/<arch>/<vmtype>/libjvm.so".  If "/jre/lib/" appears at
    // the right place in the string, then assume we are installed in a JDK and
    // we're done.  Otherwise, check for a JAVA_HOME environment variable and fix
    // up the path so it looks like libjvm.so is installed there (append a
    // fake suffix hotspot/libjvm.so).
    const char *p = buf + strlen(buf) - 1;
    for (int count = 0; p > buf && count < 5; ++count) {
      for (--p; p > buf && *p != '/'; --p)
        /* empty */ ;
    }

    if (strncmp(p, "/jre/lib/", 9) != 0) {
      // Look for JAVA_HOME in the environment.
      char* java_home_var = ::getenv("JAVA_HOME");
      if (java_home_var != NULL && java_home_var[0] != 0) {
        char cpu_arch[12];
        char* jrelib_p;
        int   len;
        sysinfo(SI_ARCHITECTURE, cpu_arch, sizeof(cpu_arch));
#ifdef _LP64
        // If we are on sparc running a 64-bit vm, look in jre/lib/sparcv9.
        if (strcmp(cpu_arch, "sparc") == 0) {
          strcat(cpu_arch, "v9");
        } else if (strcmp(cpu_arch, "i386") == 0) {
          strcpy(cpu_arch, "amd64");
        }
#endif
        // Check the current module name "libjvm.so".
        p = strrchr(buf, '/');
        assert(strstr(p, "/libjvm") == p, "invalid library name");

        realpath(java_home_var, buf);
        // determine if this is a legacy image or modules image
        // modules image doesn't have "jre" subdirectory
        len = strlen(buf);
        assert(len < buflen, "Ran out of buffer space");
        jrelib_p = buf + len;
        snprintf(jrelib_p, buflen-len, "/jre/lib/%s", cpu_arch);
        if (0 != access(buf, F_OK)) {
          snprintf(jrelib_p, buflen-len, "/lib/%s", cpu_arch);
        }

        if (0 == access(buf, F_OK)) {
          // Use current module name "libjvm.so"
          len = strlen(buf);
          snprintf(buf + len, buflen-len, "/hotspot/libjvm.so");
        } else {
          // Go back to path of .so
          realpath((char *)dlinfo.dli_fname, buf);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  strncpy(saved_jvm_path, buf, MAXPATHLEN);
}


void os::print_jni_name_prefix_on(outputStream* st, int args_size) {
  // no prefix required, not even "_"
}


void os::print_jni_name_suffix_on(outputStream* st, int args_size) {
  // no suffix required
}

// This method is a copy of JDK's sysGetLastErrorString
// from src/solaris/hpi/src/system_md.c

size_t os::lasterror(char *buf, size_t len) {

  if (errno == 0)  return 0;

  const char *s = ::strerror(errno);
  size_t n = ::strlen(s);
  if (n >= len) {
    n = len - 1;
  }
  ::strncpy(buf, s, n);
  buf[n] = '\0';
  return n;
}


// sun.misc.Signal

extern "C" {
  static void UserHandler(int sig, void *siginfo, void *context) {
    // Ctrl-C is pressed during error reporting, likely because the error
    // handler fails to abort. Let VM die immediately.
    if (sig == SIGINT && is_error_reported()) {
       os::die();
    }

    os::signal_notify(sig);
    // We do not need to reinstate the signal handler each time...
  }
}

void* os::user_handler() {
  return CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, UserHandler);
}

class Semaphore : public StackObj {
  public:
    Semaphore();
    ~Semaphore();
    void signal();
    void wait();
    bool trywait();
    bool timedwait(unsigned int sec, int nsec);
  private:
    sema_t _semaphore;
};


Semaphore::Semaphore() {
  sema_init(&_semaphore, 0, NULL, NULL);
}

Semaphore::~Semaphore() {
  sema_destroy(&_semaphore);
}

void Semaphore::signal() {
  sema_post(&_semaphore);
}

void Semaphore::wait() {
  sema_wait(&_semaphore);
}

bool Semaphore::trywait() {
  return sema_trywait(&_semaphore) == 0;
}

bool Semaphore::timedwait(unsigned int sec, int nsec) {
  struct timespec ts;
  unpackTime(&ts, false, (sec * NANOSECS_PER_SEC) + nsec);

  while (1) {
    int result = sema_timedwait(&_semaphore, &ts);
    if (result == 0) {
      return true;
    } else if (errno == EINTR) {
      continue;
    } else if (errno == ETIME) {
      return false;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  }
}

extern "C" {
  typedef void (*sa_handler_t)(int);
  typedef void (*sa_sigaction_t)(int, siginfo_t *, void *);
}

void* os::signal(int signal_number, void* handler) {
  struct sigaction sigAct, oldSigAct;
  sigfillset(&(sigAct.sa_mask));
  sigAct.sa_flags = SA_RESTART & ~SA_RESETHAND;
  sigAct.sa_handler = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(sa_handler_t, handler);

  if (sigaction(signal_number, &sigAct, &oldSigAct))
    // -1 means registration failed
    return (void *)-1;

  return CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, oldSigAct.sa_handler);
}

void os::signal_raise(int signal_number) {
  raise(signal_number);
}

/*
 * The following code is moved from os.cpp for making this
 * code platform specific, which it is by its very nature.
 */

// a counter for each possible signal value
static int Sigexit = 0;
static int Maxlibjsigsigs;
static jint *pending_signals = NULL;
static int *preinstalled_sigs = NULL;
static struct sigaction *chainedsigactions = NULL;
static sema_t sig_sem;
typedef int (*version_getting_t)();
version_getting_t os::Solaris::get_libjsig_version = NULL;
static int libjsigversion = NULL;

int os::sigexitnum_pd() {
  assert(Sigexit > 0, "signal memory not yet initialized");
  return Sigexit;
}

void os::Solaris::init_signal_mem() {
  // Initialize signal structures
  Maxsignum = SIGRTMAX;
  Sigexit = Maxsignum+1;
  assert(Maxsignum >0, "Unable to obtain max signal number");

  Maxlibjsigsigs = Maxsignum;

  // pending_signals has one int per signal
  // The additional signal is for SIGEXIT - exit signal to signal_thread
  pending_signals = (jint *)os::malloc(sizeof(jint) * (Sigexit+1), mtInternal);
  memset(pending_signals, 0, (sizeof(jint) * (Sigexit+1)));

  if (UseSignalChaining) {
     chainedsigactions = (struct sigaction *)malloc(sizeof(struct sigaction)
       * (Maxsignum + 1), mtInternal);
     memset(chainedsigactions, 0, (sizeof(struct sigaction) * (Maxsignum + 1)));
     preinstalled_sigs = (int *)os::malloc(sizeof(int) * (Maxsignum + 1), mtInternal);
     memset(preinstalled_sigs, 0, (sizeof(int) * (Maxsignum + 1)));
  }
  ourSigFlags = (int*)malloc(sizeof(int) * (Maxsignum + 1 ), mtInternal);
  memset(ourSigFlags, 0, sizeof(int) * (Maxsignum + 1));
}

void os::signal_init_pd() {
  int ret;

  ret = ::sema_init(&sig_sem, 0, NULL, NULL);
  assert(ret == 0, "sema_init() failed");
}

void os::signal_notify(int signal_number) {
  int ret;

  Atomic::inc(&pending_signals[signal_number]);
  ret = ::sema_post(&sig_sem);
  assert(ret == 0, "sema_post() failed");
}

static int check_pending_signals(bool wait_for_signal) {
  int ret;
  while (true) {
    for (int i = 0; i < Sigexit + 1; i++) {
      jint n = pending_signals[i];
      if (n > 0 && n == Atomic::cmpxchg(n - 1, &pending_signals[i], n)) {
        return i;
      }
    }
    if (!wait_for_signal) {
      return -1;
    }
    JavaThread *thread = JavaThread::current();
    ThreadBlockInVM tbivm(thread);

    bool threadIsSuspended;
    do {
      thread->set_suspend_equivalent();
      // cleared by handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition() or java_suspend_self()
      while((ret = ::sema_wait(&sig_sem)) == EINTR)
          ;
      assert(ret == 0, "sema_wait() failed");

      // were we externally suspended while we were waiting?
      threadIsSuspended = thread->handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition();
      if (threadIsSuspended) {
        //
        // The semaphore has been incremented, but while we were waiting
        // another thread suspended us. We don't want to continue running
        // while suspended because that would surprise the thread that
        // suspended us.
        //
        ret = ::sema_post(&sig_sem);
        assert(ret == 0, "sema_post() failed");

        thread->java_suspend_self();
      }
    } while (threadIsSuspended);
  }
}

int os::signal_lookup() {
  return check_pending_signals(false);
}

int os::signal_wait() {
  return check_pending_signals(true);
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Virtual Memory

static int page_size = -1;

// The mmap MAP_ALIGN flag is supported on Solaris 9 and later.  init_2() will
// clear this var if support is not available.
static bool has_map_align = true;

int os::vm_page_size() {
  assert(page_size != -1, "must call os::init");
  return page_size;
}

// Solaris allocates memory by pages.
int os::vm_allocation_granularity() {
  assert(page_size != -1, "must call os::init");
  return page_size;
}

static bool recoverable_mmap_error(int err) {
  // See if the error is one we can let the caller handle. This
  // list of errno values comes from the Solaris mmap(2) man page.
  switch (err) {
  case EBADF:
  case EINVAL:
  case ENOTSUP:
    // let the caller deal with these errors
    return true;

  default:
    // Any remaining errors on this OS can cause our reserved mapping
    // to be lost. That can cause confusion where different data
    // structures think they have the same memory mapped. The worst
    // scenario is if both the VM and a library think they have the
    // same memory mapped.
    return false;
  }
}

static void warn_fail_commit_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes, bool exec,
                                    int err) {
  warning("INFO: os::commit_memory(" PTR_FORMAT ", " SIZE_FORMAT
          ", %d) failed; error='%s' (errno=%d)", addr, bytes, exec,
          strerror(err), err);
}

static void warn_fail_commit_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes,
                                    size_t alignment_hint, bool exec,
                                    int err) {
  warning("INFO: os::commit_memory(" PTR_FORMAT ", " SIZE_FORMAT
          ", " SIZE_FORMAT ", %d) failed; error='%s' (errno=%d)", addr, bytes,
          alignment_hint, exec, strerror(err), err);
}

int os::Solaris::commit_memory_impl(char* addr, size_t bytes, bool exec) {
  int prot = exec ? PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE|PROT_EXEC : PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE;
  size_t size = bytes;
  char *res = Solaris::mmap_chunk(addr, size, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED, prot);
  if (res != NULL) {
    if (UseNUMAInterleaving) {
      numa_make_global(addr, bytes);
    }
    return 0;
  }

  int err = errno;  // save errno from mmap() call in mmap_chunk()

  if (!recoverable_mmap_error(err)) {
    warn_fail_commit_memory(addr, bytes, exec, err);
    vm_exit_out_of_memory(bytes, OOM_MMAP_ERROR, "committing reserved memory.");
  }

  return err;
}

bool os::pd_commit_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes, bool exec) {
  return Solaris::commit_memory_impl(addr, bytes, exec) == 0;
}

void os::pd_commit_memory_or_exit(char* addr, size_t bytes, bool exec,
                                  const char* mesg) {
  assert(mesg != NULL, "mesg must be specified");
  int err = os::Solaris::commit_memory_impl(addr, bytes, exec);
  if (err != 0) {
    // the caller wants all commit errors to exit with the specified mesg:
    warn_fail_commit_memory(addr, bytes, exec, err);
    vm_exit_out_of_memory(bytes, OOM_MMAP_ERROR, mesg);
  }
}

size_t os::Solaris::page_size_for_alignment(size_t alignment) {
  assert(is_size_aligned(alignment, (size_t) vm_page_size()),
         err_msg(SIZE_FORMAT " is not aligned to " SIZE_FORMAT,
                 alignment, (size_t) vm_page_size()));

  for (int i = 0; _page_sizes[i] != 0; i++) {
    if (is_size_aligned(alignment, _page_sizes[i])) {
      return _page_sizes[i];
    }
  }

  return (size_t) vm_page_size();
}

int os::Solaris::commit_memory_impl(char* addr, size_t bytes,
                                    size_t alignment_hint, bool exec) {
  int err = Solaris::commit_memory_impl(addr, bytes, exec);
  if (err == 0 && UseLargePages && alignment_hint > 0) {
    assert(is_size_aligned(bytes, alignment_hint),
           err_msg(SIZE_FORMAT " is not aligned to " SIZE_FORMAT, bytes, alignment_hint));

    // The syscall memcntl requires an exact page size (see man memcntl for details).
    size_t page_size = page_size_for_alignment(alignment_hint);
    if (page_size > (size_t) vm_page_size()) {
      (void)Solaris::setup_large_pages(addr, bytes, page_size);
    }
  }
  return err;
}

bool os::pd_commit_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes, size_t alignment_hint,
                          bool exec) {
  return Solaris::commit_memory_impl(addr, bytes, alignment_hint, exec) == 0;
}

void os::pd_commit_memory_or_exit(char* addr, size_t bytes,
                                  size_t alignment_hint, bool exec,
                                  const char* mesg) {
  assert(mesg != NULL, "mesg must be specified");
  int err = os::Solaris::commit_memory_impl(addr, bytes, alignment_hint, exec);
  if (err != 0) {
    // the caller wants all commit errors to exit with the specified mesg:
    warn_fail_commit_memory(addr, bytes, alignment_hint, exec, err);
    vm_exit_out_of_memory(bytes, OOM_MMAP_ERROR, mesg);
  }
}

// Uncommit the pages in a specified region.
void os::pd_free_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes, size_t alignment_hint) {
  if (madvise(addr, bytes, MADV_FREE) < 0) {
    debug_only(warning("MADV_FREE failed."));
    return;
  }
}

bool os::pd_create_stack_guard_pages(char* addr, size_t size) {
  return os::commit_memory(addr, size, !ExecMem);
}

bool os::remove_stack_guard_pages(char* addr, size_t size) {
  return os::uncommit_memory(addr, size);
}

// Change the page size in a given range.
void os::pd_realign_memory(char *addr, size_t bytes, size_t alignment_hint) {
  assert((intptr_t)addr % alignment_hint == 0, "Address should be aligned.");
  assert((intptr_t)(addr + bytes) % alignment_hint == 0, "End should be aligned.");
  if (UseLargePages) {
    Solaris::setup_large_pages(addr, bytes, alignment_hint);
  }
}

// Tell the OS to make the range local to the first-touching LWP
void os::numa_make_local(char *addr, size_t bytes, int lgrp_hint) {
  assert((intptr_t)addr % os::vm_page_size() == 0, "Address should be page-aligned.");
  if (madvise(addr, bytes, MADV_ACCESS_LWP) < 0) {
    debug_only(warning("MADV_ACCESS_LWP failed."));
  }
}

// Tell the OS that this range would be accessed from different LWPs.
void os::numa_make_global(char *addr, size_t bytes) {
  assert((intptr_t)addr % os::vm_page_size() == 0, "Address should be page-aligned.");
  if (madvise(addr, bytes, MADV_ACCESS_MANY) < 0) {
    debug_only(warning("MADV_ACCESS_MANY failed."));
  }
}

// Get the number of the locality groups.
size_t os::numa_get_groups_num() {
  size_t n = Solaris::lgrp_nlgrps(Solaris::lgrp_cookie());
  return n != -1 ? n : 1;
}

// Get a list of leaf locality groups. A leaf lgroup is group that
// doesn't have any children. Typical leaf group is a CPU or a CPU/memory
// board. An LWP is assigned to one of these groups upon creation.
size_t os::numa_get_leaf_groups(int *ids, size_t size) {
   if ((ids[0] = Solaris::lgrp_root(Solaris::lgrp_cookie())) == -1) {
     ids[0] = 0;
     return 1;
   }
   int result_size = 0, top = 1, bottom = 0, cur = 0;
   for (int k = 0; k < size; k++) {
     int r = Solaris::lgrp_children(Solaris::lgrp_cookie(), ids[cur],
                                    (Solaris::lgrp_id_t*)&ids[top], size - top);
     if (r == -1) {
       ids[0] = 0;
       return 1;
     }
     if (!r) {
       // That's a leaf node.
       assert (bottom <= cur, "Sanity check");
       // Check if the node has memory
       if (Solaris::lgrp_resources(Solaris::lgrp_cookie(), ids[cur],
                                   NULL, 0, LGRP_RSRC_MEM) > 0) {
         ids[bottom++] = ids[cur];
       }
     }
     top += r;
     cur++;
   }
   if (bottom == 0) {
     // Handle a situation, when the OS reports no memory available.
     // Assume UMA architecture.
     ids[0] = 0;
     return 1;
   }
   return bottom;
}

// Detect the topology change. Typically happens during CPU plugging-unplugging.
bool os::numa_topology_changed() {
  int is_stale = Solaris::lgrp_cookie_stale(Solaris::lgrp_cookie());
  if (is_stale != -1 && is_stale) {
    Solaris::lgrp_fini(Solaris::lgrp_cookie());
    Solaris::lgrp_cookie_t c = Solaris::lgrp_init(Solaris::LGRP_VIEW_CALLER);
    assert(c != 0, "Failure to initialize LGRP API");
    Solaris::set_lgrp_cookie(c);
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

// Get the group id of the current LWP.
int os::numa_get_group_id() {
  int lgrp_id = Solaris::lgrp_home(P_LWPID, P_MYID);
  if (lgrp_id == -1) {
    return 0;
  }
  const int size = os::numa_get_groups_num();
  int *ids = (int*)alloca(size * sizeof(int));

  // Get the ids of all lgroups with memory; r is the count.
  int r = Solaris::lgrp_resources(Solaris::lgrp_cookie(), lgrp_id,
                                  (Solaris::lgrp_id_t*)ids, size, LGRP_RSRC_MEM);
  if (r <= 0) {
    return 0;
  }
  return ids[os::random() % r];
}

// Request information about the page.
bool os::get_page_info(char *start, page_info* info) {
  const uint_t info_types[] = { MEMINFO_VLGRP, MEMINFO_VPAGESIZE };
  uint64_t addr = (uintptr_t)start;
  uint64_t outdata[2];
  uint_t validity = 0;

  if (os::Solaris::meminfo(&addr, 1, info_types, 2, outdata, &validity) < 0) {
    return false;
  }

  info->size = 0;
  info->lgrp_id = -1;

  if ((validity & 1) != 0) {
    if ((validity & 2) != 0) {
      info->lgrp_id = outdata[0];
    }
    if ((validity & 4) != 0) {
      info->size = outdata[1];
    }
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

// Scan the pages from start to end until a page different than
// the one described in the info parameter is encountered.
char *os::scan_pages(char *start, char* end, page_info* page_expected, page_info* page_found) {
  const uint_t info_types[] = { MEMINFO_VLGRP, MEMINFO_VPAGESIZE };
  const size_t types = sizeof(info_types) / sizeof(info_types[0]);
  uint64_t addrs[MAX_MEMINFO_CNT], outdata[types * MAX_MEMINFO_CNT + 1];
  uint_t validity[MAX_MEMINFO_CNT];

  size_t page_size = MAX2((size_t)os::vm_page_size(), page_expected->size);
  uint64_t p = (uint64_t)start;
  while (p < (uint64_t)end) {
    addrs[0] = p;
    size_t addrs_count = 1;
    while (addrs_count < MAX_MEMINFO_CNT && addrs[addrs_count - 1] + page_size < (uint64_t)end) {
      addrs[addrs_count] = addrs[addrs_count - 1] + page_size;
      addrs_count++;
    }

    if (os::Solaris::meminfo(addrs, addrs_count, info_types, types, outdata, validity) < 0) {
      return NULL;
    }

    size_t i = 0;
    for (; i < addrs_count; i++) {
      if ((validity[i] & 1) != 0) {
        if ((validity[i] & 4) != 0) {
          if (outdata[types * i + 1] != page_expected->size) {
            break;
          }
        } else
          if (page_expected->size != 0) {
            break;
          }

        if ((validity[i] & 2) != 0 && page_expected->lgrp_id > 0) {
          if (outdata[types * i] != page_expected->lgrp_id) {
            break;
          }
        }
      } else {
        return NULL;
      }
    }

    if (i < addrs_count) {
      if ((validity[i] & 2) != 0) {
        page_found->lgrp_id = outdata[types * i];
      } else {
        page_found->lgrp_id = -1;
      }
      if ((validity[i] & 4) != 0) {
        page_found->size = outdata[types * i + 1];
      } else {
        page_found->size = 0;
      }
      return (char*)addrs[i];
    }

    p = addrs[addrs_count - 1] + page_size;
  }
  return end;
}

bool os::pd_uncommit_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes) {
  size_t size = bytes;
  // Map uncommitted pages PROT_NONE so we fail early if we touch an
  // uncommitted page. Otherwise, the read/write might succeed if we
  // have enough swap space to back the physical page.
  return
    NULL != Solaris::mmap_chunk(addr, size,
                                MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_NORESERVE,
                                PROT_NONE);
}

char* os::Solaris::mmap_chunk(char *addr, size_t size, int flags, int prot) {
  char *b = (char *)mmap(addr, size, prot, flags, os::Solaris::_dev_zero_fd, 0);

  if (b == MAP_FAILED) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return b;
}

char* os::Solaris::anon_mmap(char* requested_addr, size_t bytes, size_t alignment_hint, bool fixed) {
  char* addr = requested_addr;
  int flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_NORESERVE;

  assert(!(fixed && (alignment_hint > 0)), "alignment hint meaningless with fixed mmap");

  if (fixed) {
    flags |= MAP_FIXED;
  } else if (has_map_align && (alignment_hint > (size_t) vm_page_size())) {
    flags |= MAP_ALIGN;
    addr = (char*) alignment_hint;
  }

  // Map uncommitted pages PROT_NONE so we fail early if we touch an
  // uncommitted page. Otherwise, the read/write might succeed if we
  // have enough swap space to back the physical page.
  return mmap_chunk(addr, bytes, flags, PROT_NONE);
}

char* os::pd_reserve_memory(size_t bytes, char* requested_addr, size_t alignment_hint) {
  char* addr = Solaris::anon_mmap(requested_addr, bytes, alignment_hint, (requested_addr != NULL));

  guarantee(requested_addr == NULL || requested_addr == addr,
            "OS failed to return requested mmap address.");
  return addr;
}

// Reserve memory at an arbitrary address, only if that area is
// available (and not reserved for something else).

char* os::pd_attempt_reserve_memory_at(size_t bytes, char* requested_addr) {
  const int max_tries = 10;
  char* base[max_tries];
  size_t size[max_tries];

  // Solaris adds a gap between mmap'ed regions.  The size of the gap
  // is dependent on the requested size and the MMU.  Our initial gap
  // value here is just a guess and will be corrected later.
  bool had_top_overlap = false;
  bool have_adjusted_gap = false;
  size_t gap = 0x400000;

  // Assert only that the size is a multiple of the page size, since
  // that's all that mmap requires, and since that's all we really know
  // about at this low abstraction level.  If we need higher alignment,
  // we can either pass an alignment to this method or verify alignment
  // in one of the methods further up the call chain.  See bug 5044738.
  assert(bytes % os::vm_page_size() == 0, "reserving unexpected size block");

  // Since snv_84, Solaris attempts to honor the address hint - see 5003415.
  // Give it a try, if the kernel honors the hint we can return immediately.
  char* addr = Solaris::anon_mmap(requested_addr, bytes, 0, false);

  volatile int err = errno;
  if (addr == requested_addr) {
    return addr;
  } else if (addr != NULL) {
    pd_unmap_memory(addr, bytes);
  }

  if (PrintMiscellaneous && Verbose) {
    char buf[256];
    buf[0] = '\0';
    if (addr == NULL) {
      jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), ": %s", strerror(err));
    }
    warning("attempt_reserve_memory_at: couldn't reserve " SIZE_FORMAT " bytes at "
            PTR_FORMAT ": reserve_memory_helper returned " PTR_FORMAT
            "%s", bytes, requested_addr, addr, buf);
  }

  // Address hint method didn't work.  Fall back to the old method.
  // In theory, once SNV becomes our oldest supported platform, this
  // code will no longer be needed.
  //
  // Repeatedly allocate blocks until the block is allocated at the
  // right spot. Give up after max_tries.
  int i;
  for (i = 0; i < max_tries; ++i) {
    base[i] = reserve_memory(bytes);

    if (base[i] != NULL) {
      // Is this the block we wanted?
      if (base[i] == requested_addr) {
        size[i] = bytes;
        break;
      }

      // check that the gap value is right
      if (had_top_overlap && !have_adjusted_gap) {
        size_t actual_gap = base[i-1] - base[i] - bytes;
        if (gap != actual_gap) {
          // adjust the gap value and retry the last 2 allocations
          assert(i > 0, "gap adjustment code problem");
          have_adjusted_gap = true;  // adjust the gap only once, just in case
          gap = actual_gap;
          if (PrintMiscellaneous && Verbose) {
            warning("attempt_reserve_memory_at: adjusted gap to 0x%lx", gap);
          }
          unmap_memory(base[i], bytes);
          unmap_memory(base[i-1], size[i-1]);
          i-=2;
          continue;
        }
      }

      // Does this overlap the block we wanted? Give back the overlapped
      // parts and try again.
      //
      // There is still a bug in this code: if top_overlap == bytes,
      // the overlap is offset from requested region by the value of gap.
      // In this case giving back the overlapped part will not work,
      // because we'll give back the entire block at base[i] and
      // therefore the subsequent allocation will not generate a new gap.
      // This could be fixed with a new algorithm that used larger
      // or variable size chunks to find the requested region -
      // but such a change would introduce additional complications.
      // It's rare enough that the planets align for this bug,
      // so we'll just wait for a fix for 6204603/5003415 which
      // will provide a mmap flag to allow us to avoid this business.

      size_t top_overlap = requested_addr + (bytes + gap) - base[i];
      if (top_overlap >= 0 && top_overlap < bytes) {
        had_top_overlap = true;
        unmap_memory(base[i], top_overlap);
        base[i] += top_overlap;
        size[i] = bytes - top_overlap;
      } else {
        size_t bottom_overlap = base[i] + bytes - requested_addr;
        if (bottom_overlap >= 0 && bottom_overlap < bytes) {
          if (PrintMiscellaneous && Verbose && bottom_overlap == 0) {
            warning("attempt_reserve_memory_at: possible alignment bug");
          }
          unmap_memory(requested_addr, bottom_overlap);
          size[i] = bytes - bottom_overlap;
        } else {
          size[i] = bytes;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // Give back the unused reserved pieces.

  for (int j = 0; j < i; ++j) {
    if (base[j] != NULL) {
      unmap_memory(base[j], size[j]);
    }
  }

  return (i < max_tries) ? requested_addr : NULL;
}

bool os::pd_release_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes) {
  size_t size = bytes;
  return munmap(addr, size) == 0;
}

static bool solaris_mprotect(char* addr, size_t bytes, int prot) {
  assert(addr == (char*)align_size_down((uintptr_t)addr, os::vm_page_size()),
         "addr must be page aligned");
  int retVal = mprotect(addr, bytes, prot);
  return retVal == 0;
}

// Protect memory (Used to pass readonly pages through
// JNI GetArray<type>Elements with empty arrays.)
// Also, used for serialization page and for compressed oops null pointer
// checking.
bool os::protect_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes, ProtType prot,
                        bool is_committed) {
  unsigned int p = 0;
  switch (prot) {
  case MEM_PROT_NONE: p = PROT_NONE; break;
  case MEM_PROT_READ: p = PROT_READ; break;
  case MEM_PROT_RW:   p = PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE; break;
  case MEM_PROT_RWX:  p = PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE|PROT_EXEC; break;
  default:
    ShouldNotReachHere();
  }
  // is_committed is unused.
  return solaris_mprotect(addr, bytes, p);
}

// guard_memory and unguard_memory only happens within stack guard pages.
// Since ISM pertains only to the heap, guard and unguard memory should not
/// happen with an ISM region.
bool os::guard_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes) {
  return solaris_mprotect(addr, bytes, PROT_NONE);
}

bool os::unguard_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes) {
  return solaris_mprotect(addr, bytes, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE);
}

// Large page support
static size_t _large_page_size = 0;

// Insertion sort for small arrays (descending order).
static void insertion_sort_descending(size_t* array, int len) {
  for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    size_t val = array[i];
    for (size_t key = i; key > 0 && array[key - 1] < val; --key) {
      size_t tmp = array[key];
      array[key] = array[key - 1];
      array[key - 1] = tmp;
    }
  }
}

bool os::Solaris::mpss_sanity_check(bool warn, size_t* page_size) {
  const unsigned int usable_count = VM_Version::page_size_count();
  if (usable_count == 1) {
    return false;
  }

  // Find the right getpagesizes interface.  When solaris 11 is the minimum
  // build platform, getpagesizes() (without the '2') can be called directly.
  typedef int (*gps_t)(size_t[], int);
  gps_t gps_func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(gps_t, dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "getpagesizes2"));
  if (gps_func == NULL) {
    gps_func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(gps_t, dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "getpagesizes"));
    if (gps_func == NULL) {
      if (warn) {
        warning("MPSS is not supported by the operating system.");
      }
      return false;
    }
  }

  // Fill the array of page sizes.
  int n = (*gps_func)(_page_sizes, page_sizes_max);
  assert(n > 0, "Solaris bug?");

  if (n == page_sizes_max) {
    // Add a sentinel value (necessary only if the array was completely filled
    // since it is static (zeroed at initialization)).
    _page_sizes[--n] = 0;
    DEBUG_ONLY(warning("increase the size of the os::_page_sizes array.");)
  }
  assert(_page_sizes[n] == 0, "missing sentinel");
  trace_page_sizes("available page sizes", _page_sizes, n);

  if (n == 1) return false;     // Only one page size available.

  // Skip sizes larger than 4M (or LargePageSizeInBytes if it was set) and
  // select up to usable_count elements.  First sort the array, find the first
  // acceptable value, then copy the usable sizes to the top of the array and
  // trim the rest.  Make sure to include the default page size :-).
  //
  // A better policy could get rid of the 4M limit by taking the sizes of the
  // important VM memory regions (java heap and possibly the code cache) into
  // account.
  insertion_sort_descending(_page_sizes, n);
  const size_t size_limit =
    FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(LargePageSizeInBytes) ? 4 * M : LargePageSizeInBytes;
  int beg;
  for (beg = 0; beg < n && _page_sizes[beg] > size_limit; ++beg) /* empty */ ;
  const int end = MIN2((int)usable_count, n) - 1;
  for (int cur = 0; cur < end; ++cur, ++beg) {
    _page_sizes[cur] = _page_sizes[beg];
  }
  _page_sizes[end] = vm_page_size();
  _page_sizes[end + 1] = 0;

  if (_page_sizes[end] > _page_sizes[end - 1]) {
    // Default page size is not the smallest; sort again.
    insertion_sort_descending(_page_sizes, end + 1);
  }
  *page_size = _page_sizes[0];

  trace_page_sizes("usable page sizes", _page_sizes, end + 1);
  return true;
}

void os::large_page_init() {
  if (UseLargePages) {
    // print a warning if any large page related flag is specified on command line
    bool warn_on_failure = !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(UseLargePages)        ||
                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(LargePageSizeInBytes);

    UseLargePages = Solaris::mpss_sanity_check(warn_on_failure, &_large_page_size);
  }
}

bool os::Solaris::is_valid_page_size(size_t bytes) {
  for (int i = 0; _page_sizes[i] != 0; i++) {
    if (_page_sizes[i] == bytes) {
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

bool os::Solaris::setup_large_pages(caddr_t start, size_t bytes, size_t align) {
  assert(is_valid_page_size(align), err_msg(SIZE_FORMAT " is not a valid page size", align));
  assert(is_ptr_aligned((void*) start, align),
         err_msg(PTR_FORMAT " is not aligned to " SIZE_FORMAT, p2i((void*) start), align));
  assert(is_size_aligned(bytes, align),
         err_msg(SIZE_FORMAT " is not aligned to " SIZE_FORMAT, bytes, align));

  // Signal to OS that we want large pages for addresses
  // from addr, addr + bytes
  struct memcntl_mha mpss_struct;
  mpss_struct.mha_cmd = MHA_MAPSIZE_VA;
  mpss_struct.mha_pagesize = align;
  mpss_struct.mha_flags = 0;
  // Upon successful completion, memcntl() returns 0
  if (memcntl(start, bytes, MC_HAT_ADVISE, (caddr_t) &mpss_struct, 0, 0)) {
    debug_only(warning("Attempt to use MPSS failed."));
    return false;
  }
  return true;
}

char* os::reserve_memory_special(size_t size, size_t alignment, char* addr, bool exec) {
  fatal("os::reserve_memory_special should not be called on Solaris.");
  return NULL;
}

bool os::release_memory_special(char* base, size_t bytes) {
  fatal("os::release_memory_special should not be called on Solaris.");
  return false;
}

size_t os::large_page_size() {
  return _large_page_size;
}

// MPSS allows application to commit large page memory on demand; with ISM
// the entire memory region must be allocated as shared memory.
bool os::can_commit_large_page_memory() {
  return true;
}

bool os::can_execute_large_page_memory() {
  return true;
}

static int os_sleep(jlong millis, bool interruptible) {
  const jlong limit = INT_MAX;
  jlong prevtime;
  int res;

  while (millis > limit) {
    if ((res = os_sleep(limit, interruptible)) != OS_OK)
      return res;
    millis -= limit;
  }

  // Restart interrupted polls with new parameters until the proper delay
  // has been completed.

  prevtime = getTimeMillis();

  while (millis > 0) {
    jlong newtime;

    if (!interruptible) {
      // Following assert fails for os::yield_all:
      // assert(!thread->is_Java_thread(), "must not be java thread");
      res = poll(NULL, 0, millis);
    } else {
      JavaThread *jt = JavaThread::current();

      INTERRUPTIBLE_NORESTART_VM_ALWAYS(poll(NULL, 0, millis), res, jt,
        os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
    }

    // INTERRUPTIBLE_NORESTART_VM_ALWAYS returns res == OS_INTRPT for
    // thread.Interrupt.

    // See c/r 6751923. Poll can return 0 before time
    // has elapsed if time is set via clock_settime (as NTP does).
    // res == 0 if poll timed out (see man poll RETURN VALUES)
    // using the logic below checks that we really did
    // sleep at least "millis" if not we'll sleep again.
    if( ( res == 0 ) || ((res == OS_ERR) && (errno == EINTR))) {
      newtime = getTimeMillis();
      assert(newtime >= prevtime, "time moving backwards");
    /* Doing prevtime and newtime in microseconds doesn't help precision,
       and trying to round up to avoid lost milliseconds can result in a
       too-short delay. */
      millis -= newtime - prevtime;
      if(millis <= 0)
        return OS_OK;
      prevtime = newtime;
    } else
      return res;
  }

  return OS_OK;
}

// Read calls from inside the vm need to perform state transitions
size_t os::read(int fd, void *buf, unsigned int nBytes) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT_VM(::read(fd, buf, nBytes), os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

size_t os::restartable_read(int fd, void *buf, unsigned int nBytes) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT(::read(fd, buf, nBytes), os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::sleep(Thread* thread, jlong millis, bool interruptible) {
  assert(thread == Thread::current(),  "thread consistency check");

  // TODO-FIXME: this should be removed.
  // On Solaris machines (especially 2.5.1) we found that sometimes the VM gets into a live lock
  // situation with a JavaThread being starved out of a lwp. The kernel doesn't seem to generate
  // a SIGWAITING signal which would enable the threads library to create a new lwp for the starving
  // thread. We suspect that because the Watcher thread keeps waking up at periodic intervals the kernel
  // is fooled into believing that the system is making progress. In the code below we block the
  // the watcher thread while safepoint is in progress so that it would not appear as though the
  // system is making progress.
  if (!Solaris::T2_libthread() &&
      thread->is_Watcher_thread() && SafepointSynchronize::is_synchronizing() && !Arguments::has_profile()) {
    // We now try to acquire the threads lock. Since this lock is held by the VM thread during
    // the entire safepoint, the watcher thread will  line up here during the safepoint.
    Threads_lock->lock_without_safepoint_check();
    Threads_lock->unlock();
  }

  if (thread->is_Java_thread()) {
    // This is a JavaThread so we honor the _thread_blocked protocol
    // even for sleeps of 0 milliseconds. This was originally done
    // as a workaround for bug 4338139. However, now we also do it
    // to honor the suspend-equivalent protocol.

    JavaThread *jt = (JavaThread *) thread;
    ThreadBlockInVM tbivm(jt);

    jt->set_suspend_equivalent();
    // cleared by handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition() or
    // java_suspend_self() via check_and_wait_while_suspended()

    int ret_code;
    if (millis <= 0) {
      thr_yield();
      ret_code = 0;
    } else {
      // The original sleep() implementation did not create an
      // OSThreadWaitState helper for sleeps of 0 milliseconds.
      // I'm preserving that decision for now.
      OSThreadWaitState osts(jt->osthread(), false /* not Object.wait() */);

      ret_code = os_sleep(millis, interruptible);
    }

    // were we externally suspended while we were waiting?
    jt->check_and_wait_while_suspended();

    return ret_code;
  }

  // non-JavaThread from this point on:

  if (millis <= 0) {
    thr_yield();
    return 0;
  }

  OSThreadWaitState osts(thread->osthread(), false /* not Object.wait() */);

  return os_sleep(millis, interruptible);
}

void os::naked_short_sleep(jlong ms) {
  assert(ms < 1000, "Un-interruptable sleep, short time use only");

  // usleep is deprecated and removed from POSIX, in favour of nanosleep, but
  // Solaris requires -lrt for this.
  usleep((ms * 1000));

  return;
}

// Sleep forever; naked call to OS-specific sleep; use with CAUTION
void os::infinite_sleep() {
  while (true) {    // sleep forever ...
    ::sleep(100);   // ... 100 seconds at a time
  }
}

// Used to convert frequent JVM_Yield() to nops
bool os::dont_yield() {
  if (DontYieldALot) {
    static hrtime_t last_time = 0;
    hrtime_t diff = getTimeNanos() - last_time;

    if (diff < DontYieldALotInterval * 1000000)
      return true;

    last_time += diff;

    return false;
  }
  else {
    return false;
  }
}

// Caveat: Solaris os::yield() causes a thread-state transition whereas
// the linux and win32 implementations do not.  This should be checked.

void os::yield() {
  // Yields to all threads with same or greater priority
  os::sleep(Thread::current(), 0, false);
}

// Note that yield semantics are defined by the scheduling class to which
// the thread currently belongs.  Typically, yield will _not yield to
// other equal or higher priority threads that reside on the dispatch queues
// of other CPUs.

os::YieldResult os::NakedYield() { thr_yield(); return os::YIELD_UNKNOWN; }


// On Solaris we found that yield_all doesn't always yield to all other threads.
// There have been cases where there is a thread ready to execute but it doesn't
// get an lwp as the VM thread continues to spin with sleeps of 1 millisecond.
// The 1 millisecond wait doesn't seem long enough for the kernel to issue a
// SIGWAITING signal which will cause a new lwp to be created. So we count the
// number of times yield_all is called in the one loop and increase the sleep
// time after 8 attempts. If this fails too we increase the concurrency level
// so that the starving thread would get an lwp

void os::yield_all(int attempts) {
  // Yields to all threads, including threads with lower priorities
  if (attempts == 0) {
    os::sleep(Thread::current(), 1, false);
  } else {
    int iterations = attempts % 30;
    if (iterations == 0 && !os::Solaris::T2_libthread()) {
      // thr_setconcurrency and _getconcurrency make sense only under T1.
      int noofLWPS = thr_getconcurrency();
      if (noofLWPS < (Threads::number_of_threads() + 2)) {
        thr_setconcurrency(thr_getconcurrency() + 1);
      }
    } else if (iterations < 25) {
      os::sleep(Thread::current(), 1, false);
    } else {
      os::sleep(Thread::current(), 10, false);
    }
  }
}

// Called from the tight loops to possibly influence time-sharing heuristics
void os::loop_breaker(int attempts) {
  os::yield_all(attempts);
}


// Interface for setting lwp priorities.  If we are using T2 libthread,
// which forces the use of BoundThreads or we manually set UseBoundThreads,
// all of our threads will be assigned to real lwp's.  Using the thr_setprio
// function is meaningless in this mode so we must adjust the real lwp's priority
// The routines below implement the getting and setting of lwp priorities.
//
// Note: There are three priority scales used on Solaris.  Java priotities
//       which range from 1 to 10, libthread "thr_setprio" scale which range
//       from 0 to 127, and the current scheduling class of the process we
//       are running in.  This is typically from -60 to +60.
//       The setting of the lwp priorities in done after a call to thr_setprio
//       so Java priorities are mapped to libthread priorities and we map from
//       the latter to lwp priorities.  We don't keep priorities stored in
//       Java priorities since some of our worker threads want to set priorities
//       higher than all Java threads.
//
// For related information:
// (1)  man -s 2 priocntl
// (2)  man -s 4 priocntl
// (3)  man dispadmin
// =    librt.so
// =    libthread/common/rtsched.c - thrp_setlwpprio().
// =    ps -cL <pid> ... to validate priority.
// =    sched_get_priority_min and _max
//              pthread_create
//              sched_setparam
//              pthread_setschedparam
//
// Assumptions:
// +    We assume that all threads in the process belong to the same
//              scheduling class.   IE. an homogenous process.
// +    Must be root or in IA group to change change "interactive" attribute.
//              Priocntl() will fail silently.  The only indication of failure is when
//              we read-back the value and notice that it hasn't changed.
// +    Interactive threads enter the runq at the head, non-interactive at the tail.
// +    For RT, change timeslice as well.  Invariant:
//              constant "priority integral"
//              Konst == TimeSlice * (60-Priority)
//              Given a priority, compute appropriate timeslice.
// +    Higher numerical values have higher priority.

// sched class attributes
typedef struct {
        int   schedPolicy;              // classID
        int   maxPrio;
        int   minPrio;
} SchedInfo;


static SchedInfo tsLimits, iaLimits, rtLimits, fxLimits;

#ifdef ASSERT
static int  ReadBackValidate = 1;
#endif
static int  myClass     = 0;
static int  myMin       = 0;
static int  myMax       = 0;
static int  myCur       = 0;
static bool priocntl_enable = false;

static const int criticalPrio = 60; // FX/60 is critical thread class/priority on T4
static int java_MaxPriority_to_os_priority = 0; // Saved mapping


// lwp_priocntl_init
//
// Try to determine the priority scale for our process.
//
// Return errno or 0 if OK.
//
static int lwp_priocntl_init () {
  int rslt;
  pcinfo_t ClassInfo;
  pcparms_t ParmInfo;
  int i;

  if (!UseThreadPriorities) return 0;

  // We are using Bound threads, we need to determine our priority ranges
  if (os::Solaris::T2_libthread() || UseBoundThreads) {
    // If ThreadPriorityPolicy is 1, switch tables
    if (ThreadPriorityPolicy == 1) {
      for (i = 0 ; i < CriticalPriority+1; i++)
        os::java_to_os_priority[i] = prio_policy1[i];
    }
    if (UseCriticalJavaThreadPriority) {
      // MaxPriority always maps to the FX scheduling class and criticalPrio.
      // See set_native_priority() and set_lwp_class_and_priority().
      // Save original MaxPriority mapping in case attempt to
      // use critical priority fails.
      java_MaxPriority_to_os_priority = os::java_to_os_priority[MaxPriority];
      // Set negative to distinguish from other priorities
      os::java_to_os_priority[MaxPriority] = -criticalPrio;
    }
  }
  // Not using Bound Threads, set to ThreadPolicy 1
  else {
    for ( i = 0 ; i < CriticalPriority+1; i++ ) {
      os::java_to_os_priority[i] = prio_policy1[i];
    }
    return 0;
  }

  // Get IDs for a set of well-known scheduling classes.
  // TODO-FIXME: GETCLINFO returns the current # of classes in the
  // the system.  We should have a loop that iterates over the
  // classID values, which are known to be "small" integers.

  strcpy(ClassInfo.pc_clname, "TS");
  ClassInfo.pc_cid = -1;
  rslt = priocntl(P_ALL, 0, PC_GETCID, (caddr_t)&ClassInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;
  assert(ClassInfo.pc_cid != -1, "cid for TS class is -1");
  tsLimits.schedPolicy = ClassInfo.pc_cid;
  tsLimits.maxPrio = ((tsinfo_t*)ClassInfo.pc_clinfo)->ts_maxupri;
  tsLimits.minPrio = -tsLimits.maxPrio;

  strcpy(ClassInfo.pc_clname, "IA");
  ClassInfo.pc_cid = -1;
  rslt = priocntl(P_ALL, 0, PC_GETCID, (caddr_t)&ClassInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;
  assert(ClassInfo.pc_cid != -1, "cid for IA class is -1");
  iaLimits.schedPolicy = ClassInfo.pc_cid;
  iaLimits.maxPrio = ((iainfo_t*)ClassInfo.pc_clinfo)->ia_maxupri;
  iaLimits.minPrio = -iaLimits.maxPrio;

  strcpy(ClassInfo.pc_clname, "RT");
  ClassInfo.pc_cid = -1;
  rslt = priocntl(P_ALL, 0, PC_GETCID, (caddr_t)&ClassInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;
  assert(ClassInfo.pc_cid != -1, "cid for RT class is -1");
  rtLimits.schedPolicy = ClassInfo.pc_cid;
  rtLimits.maxPrio = ((rtinfo_t*)ClassInfo.pc_clinfo)->rt_maxpri;
  rtLimits.minPrio = 0;

  strcpy(ClassInfo.pc_clname, "FX");
  ClassInfo.pc_cid = -1;
  rslt = priocntl(P_ALL, 0, PC_GETCID, (caddr_t)&ClassInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;
  assert(ClassInfo.pc_cid != -1, "cid for FX class is -1");
  fxLimits.schedPolicy = ClassInfo.pc_cid;
  fxLimits.maxPrio = ((fxinfo_t*)ClassInfo.pc_clinfo)->fx_maxupri;
  fxLimits.minPrio = 0;

  // Query our "current" scheduling class.
  // This will normally be IA, TS or, rarely, FX or RT.
  memset(&ParmInfo, 0, sizeof(ParmInfo));
  ParmInfo.pc_cid = PC_CLNULL;
  rslt = priocntl(P_PID, P_MYID, PC_GETPARMS, (caddr_t)&ParmInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;
  myClass = ParmInfo.pc_cid;

  // We now know our scheduling classId, get specific information
  // about the class.
  ClassInfo.pc_cid = myClass;
  ClassInfo.pc_clname[0] = 0;
  rslt = priocntl((idtype)0, 0, PC_GETCLINFO, (caddr_t)&ClassInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;

  if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
    tty->print_cr("lwp_priocntl_init: Class=%d(%s)...", myClass, ClassInfo.pc_clname);
  }

  memset(&ParmInfo, 0, sizeof(pcparms_t));
  ParmInfo.pc_cid = PC_CLNULL;
  rslt = priocntl(P_PID, P_MYID, PC_GETPARMS, (caddr_t)&ParmInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;

  if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == rtLimits.schedPolicy) {
    myMin = rtLimits.minPrio;
    myMax = rtLimits.maxPrio;
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == iaLimits.schedPolicy) {
    iaparms_t *iaInfo  = (iaparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    myMin = iaLimits.minPrio;
    myMax = iaLimits.maxPrio;
    myMax = MIN2(myMax, (int)iaInfo->ia_uprilim);       // clamp - restrict
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == tsLimits.schedPolicy) {
    tsparms_t *tsInfo  = (tsparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    myMin = tsLimits.minPrio;
    myMax = tsLimits.maxPrio;
    myMax = MIN2(myMax, (int)tsInfo->ts_uprilim);       // clamp - restrict
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == fxLimits.schedPolicy) {
    fxparms_t *fxInfo = (fxparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    myMin = fxLimits.minPrio;
    myMax = fxLimits.maxPrio;
    myMax = MIN2(myMax, (int)fxInfo->fx_uprilim);       // clamp - restrict
  } else {
    // No clue - punt
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose)
      tty->print_cr ("Unknown scheduling class: %s ... \n", ClassInfo.pc_clname);
    return EINVAL;      // no clue, punt
  }

  if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
    tty->print_cr ("Thread priority Range: [%d..%d]\n", myMin, myMax);
  }

  priocntl_enable = true;  // Enable changing priorities
  return 0;
}

#define IAPRI(x)        ((iaparms_t *)((x).pc_clparms))
#define RTPRI(x)        ((rtparms_t *)((x).pc_clparms))
#define TSPRI(x)        ((tsparms_t *)((x).pc_clparms))
#define FXPRI(x)        ((fxparms_t *)((x).pc_clparms))


// scale_to_lwp_priority
//
// Convert from the libthread "thr_setprio" scale to our current
// lwp scheduling class scale.
//
static
int     scale_to_lwp_priority (int rMin, int rMax, int x)
{
  int v;

  if (x == 127) return rMax;            // avoid round-down
    v = (((x*(rMax-rMin)))/128)+rMin;
  return v;
}


// set_lwp_class_and_priority
//
// Set the class and priority of the lwp.  This call should only
// be made when using bound threads (T2 threads are bound by default).
//
int set_lwp_class_and_priority(int ThreadID, int lwpid,
                               int newPrio, int new_class, bool scale) {
  int rslt;
  int Actual, Expected, prv;
  pcparms_t ParmInfo;                   // for GET-SET
#ifdef ASSERT
  pcparms_t ReadBack;                   // for readback
#endif

  // Set priority via PC_GETPARMS, update, PC_SETPARMS
  // Query current values.
  // TODO: accelerate this by eliminating the PC_GETPARMS call.
  // Cache "pcparms_t" in global ParmCache.
  // TODO: elide set-to-same-value

  // If something went wrong on init, don't change priorities.
  if ( !priocntl_enable ) {
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose)
      tty->print_cr("Trying to set priority but init failed, ignoring");
    return EINVAL;
  }

  // If lwp hasn't started yet, just return
  // the _start routine will call us again.
  if ( lwpid <= 0 ) {
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr ("deferring the set_lwp_class_and_priority of thread "
                     INTPTR_FORMAT " to %d, lwpid not set",
                     ThreadID, newPrio);
    }
    return 0;
  }

  if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
    tty->print_cr ("set_lwp_class_and_priority("
                   INTPTR_FORMAT "@" INTPTR_FORMAT " %d) ",
                   ThreadID, lwpid, newPrio);
  }

  memset(&ParmInfo, 0, sizeof(pcparms_t));
  ParmInfo.pc_cid = PC_CLNULL;
  rslt = priocntl(P_LWPID, lwpid, PC_GETPARMS, (caddr_t)&ParmInfo);
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;

  int cur_class = ParmInfo.pc_cid;
  ParmInfo.pc_cid = (id_t)new_class;

  if (new_class == rtLimits.schedPolicy) {
    rtparms_t *rtInfo  = (rtparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    rtInfo->rt_pri     = scale ? scale_to_lwp_priority(rtLimits.minPrio,
                                                       rtLimits.maxPrio, newPrio)
                               : newPrio;
    rtInfo->rt_tqsecs  = RT_NOCHANGE;
    rtInfo->rt_tqnsecs = RT_NOCHANGE;
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("RT: %d->%d\n", newPrio, rtInfo->rt_pri);
    }
  } else if (new_class == iaLimits.schedPolicy) {
    iaparms_t* iaInfo  = (iaparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    int maxClamped     = MIN2(iaLimits.maxPrio,
                              cur_class == new_class
                                ? (int)iaInfo->ia_uprilim : iaLimits.maxPrio);
    iaInfo->ia_upri    = scale ? scale_to_lwp_priority(iaLimits.minPrio,
                                                       maxClamped, newPrio)
                               : newPrio;
    iaInfo->ia_uprilim = cur_class == new_class
                           ? IA_NOCHANGE : (pri_t)iaLimits.maxPrio;
    iaInfo->ia_mode    = IA_NOCHANGE;
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("IA: [%d...%d] %d->%d\n",
                    iaLimits.minPrio, maxClamped, newPrio, iaInfo->ia_upri);
    }
  } else if (new_class == tsLimits.schedPolicy) {
    tsparms_t* tsInfo  = (tsparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    int maxClamped     = MIN2(tsLimits.maxPrio,
                              cur_class == new_class
                                ? (int)tsInfo->ts_uprilim : tsLimits.maxPrio);
    tsInfo->ts_upri    = scale ? scale_to_lwp_priority(tsLimits.minPrio,
                                                       maxClamped, newPrio)
                               : newPrio;
    tsInfo->ts_uprilim = cur_class == new_class
                           ? TS_NOCHANGE : (pri_t)tsLimits.maxPrio;
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("TS: [%d...%d] %d->%d\n",
                    tsLimits.minPrio, maxClamped, newPrio, tsInfo->ts_upri);
    }
  } else if (new_class == fxLimits.schedPolicy) {
    fxparms_t* fxInfo  = (fxparms_t*)ParmInfo.pc_clparms;
    int maxClamped     = MIN2(fxLimits.maxPrio,
                              cur_class == new_class
                                ? (int)fxInfo->fx_uprilim : fxLimits.maxPrio);
    fxInfo->fx_upri    = scale ? scale_to_lwp_priority(fxLimits.minPrio,
                                                       maxClamped, newPrio)
                               : newPrio;
    fxInfo->fx_uprilim = cur_class == new_class
                           ? FX_NOCHANGE : (pri_t)fxLimits.maxPrio;
    fxInfo->fx_tqsecs  = FX_NOCHANGE;
    fxInfo->fx_tqnsecs = FX_NOCHANGE;
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("FX: [%d...%d] %d->%d\n",
                    fxLimits.minPrio, maxClamped, newPrio, fxInfo->fx_upri);
    }
  } else {
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("Unknown new scheduling class %d\n", new_class);
    }
    return EINVAL;    // no clue, punt
  }

  rslt = priocntl(P_LWPID, lwpid, PC_SETPARMS, (caddr_t)&ParmInfo);
  if (ThreadPriorityVerbose && rslt) {
    tty->print_cr ("PC_SETPARMS ->%d %d\n", rslt, errno);
  }
  if (rslt < 0) return errno;

#ifdef ASSERT
  // Sanity check: read back what we just attempted to set.
  // In theory it could have changed in the interim ...
  //
  // The priocntl system call is tricky.
  // Sometimes it'll validate the priority value argument and
  // return EINVAL if unhappy.  At other times it fails silently.
  // Readbacks are prudent.

  if (!ReadBackValidate) return 0;

  memset(&ReadBack, 0, sizeof(pcparms_t));
  ReadBack.pc_cid = PC_CLNULL;
  rslt = priocntl(P_LWPID, lwpid, PC_GETPARMS, (caddr_t)&ReadBack);
  assert(rslt >= 0, "priocntl failed");
  Actual = Expected = 0xBAD;
  assert(ParmInfo.pc_cid == ReadBack.pc_cid, "cid's don't match");
  if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == rtLimits.schedPolicy) {
    Actual   = RTPRI(ReadBack)->rt_pri;
    Expected = RTPRI(ParmInfo)->rt_pri;
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == iaLimits.schedPolicy) {
    Actual   = IAPRI(ReadBack)->ia_upri;
    Expected = IAPRI(ParmInfo)->ia_upri;
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == tsLimits.schedPolicy) {
    Actual   = TSPRI(ReadBack)->ts_upri;
    Expected = TSPRI(ParmInfo)->ts_upri;
  } else if (ParmInfo.pc_cid == fxLimits.schedPolicy) {
    Actual   = FXPRI(ReadBack)->fx_upri;
    Expected = FXPRI(ParmInfo)->fx_upri;
  } else {
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr("set_lwp_class_and_priority: unexpected class in readback: %d\n",
                    ParmInfo.pc_cid);
    }
  }

  if (Actual != Expected) {
    if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
      tty->print_cr ("set_lwp_class_and_priority(%d %d) Class=%d: actual=%d vs expected=%d\n",
                     lwpid, newPrio, ReadBack.pc_cid, Actual, Expected);
    }
  }
#endif

  return 0;
}

// Solaris only gives access to 128 real priorities at a time,
// so we expand Java's ten to fill this range.  This would be better
// if we dynamically adjusted relative priorities.
//
// The ThreadPriorityPolicy option allows us to select 2 different
// priority scales.
//
// ThreadPriorityPolicy=0
// Since the Solaris' default priority is MaximumPriority, we do not
// set a priority lower than Max unless a priority lower than
// NormPriority is requested.
//
// ThreadPriorityPolicy=1
// This mode causes the priority table to get filled with
// linear values.  NormPriority get's mapped to 50% of the
// Maximum priority an so on.  This will cause VM threads
// to get unfair treatment against other Solaris processes
// which do not explicitly alter their thread priorities.
//

int os::java_to_os_priority[CriticalPriority + 1] = {
  -99999,         // 0 Entry should never be used

  0,              // 1 MinPriority
  32,             // 2
  64,             // 3

  96,             // 4
  127,            // 5 NormPriority
  127,            // 6

  127,            // 7
  127,            // 8
  127,            // 9 NearMaxPriority

  127,            // 10 MaxPriority

  -criticalPrio   // 11 CriticalPriority
};

OSReturn os::set_native_priority(Thread* thread, int newpri) {
  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();

  // Save requested priority in case the thread hasn't been started
  osthread->set_native_priority(newpri);

  // Check for critical priority request
  bool fxcritical = false;
  if (newpri == -criticalPrio) {
    fxcritical = true;
    newpri = criticalPrio;
  }

  assert(newpri >= MinimumPriority && newpri <= MaximumPriority, "bad priority mapping");
  if (!UseThreadPriorities) return OS_OK;

  int status = 0;

  if (!fxcritical) {
    // Use thr_setprio only if we have a priority that thr_setprio understands
    status = thr_setprio(thread->osthread()->thread_id(), newpri);
  }

  if (os::Solaris::T2_libthread() ||
      (UseBoundThreads && osthread->is_vm_created())) {
    int lwp_status =
      set_lwp_class_and_priority(osthread->thread_id(),
                                 osthread->lwp_id(),
                                 newpri,
                                 fxcritical ? fxLimits.schedPolicy : myClass,
                                 !fxcritical);
    if (lwp_status != 0 && fxcritical) {
      // Try again, this time without changing the scheduling class
      newpri = java_MaxPriority_to_os_priority;
      lwp_status = set_lwp_class_and_priority(osthread->thread_id(),
                                              osthread->lwp_id(),
                                              newpri, myClass, false);
    }
    status |= lwp_status;
  }
  return (status == 0) ? OS_OK : OS_ERR;
}


OSReturn os::get_native_priority(const Thread* const thread, int *priority_ptr) {
  int p;
  if ( !UseThreadPriorities ) {
    *priority_ptr = NormalPriority;
    return OS_OK;
  }
  int status = thr_getprio(thread->osthread()->thread_id(), &p);
  if (status != 0) {
    return OS_ERR;
  }
  *priority_ptr = p;
  return OS_OK;
}


// Hint to the underlying OS that a task switch would not be good.
// Void return because it's a hint and can fail.
void os::hint_no_preempt() {
  schedctl_start(schedctl_init());
}

static void resume_clear_context(OSThread *osthread) {
  osthread->set_ucontext(NULL);
}

static void suspend_save_context(OSThread *osthread, ucontext_t* context) {
  osthread->set_ucontext(context);
}

static Semaphore sr_semaphore;

void os::Solaris::SR_handler(Thread* thread, ucontext_t* uc) {
  // Save and restore errno to avoid confusing native code with EINTR
  // after sigsuspend.
  int old_errno = errno;

  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();
  assert(thread->is_VM_thread() || thread->is_Java_thread(), "Must be VMThread or JavaThread");

  os::SuspendResume::State current = osthread->sr.state();
  if (current == os::SuspendResume::SR_SUSPEND_REQUEST) {
    suspend_save_context(osthread, uc);

    // attempt to switch the state, we assume we had a SUSPEND_REQUEST
    os::SuspendResume::State state = osthread->sr.suspended();
    if (state == os::SuspendResume::SR_SUSPENDED) {
      sigset_t suspend_set;  // signals for sigsuspend()

      // get current set of blocked signals and unblock resume signal
      thr_sigsetmask(SIG_BLOCK, NULL, &suspend_set);
      sigdelset(&suspend_set, os::Solaris::SIGasync());

      sr_semaphore.signal();
      // wait here until we are resumed
      while (1) {
        sigsuspend(&suspend_set);

        os::SuspendResume::State result = osthread->sr.running();
        if (result == os::SuspendResume::SR_RUNNING) {
          sr_semaphore.signal();
          break;
        }
      }

    } else if (state == os::SuspendResume::SR_RUNNING) {
      // request was cancelled, continue
    } else {
      ShouldNotReachHere();
    }

    resume_clear_context(osthread);
  } else if (current == os::SuspendResume::SR_RUNNING) {
    // request was cancelled, continue
  } else if (current == os::SuspendResume::SR_WAKEUP_REQUEST) {
    // ignore
  } else {
    // ignore
  }

  errno = old_errno;
}


void os::interrupt(Thread* thread) {
  assert(Thread::current() == thread || Threads_lock->owned_by_self(), "possibility of dangling Thread pointer");

  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();

  int isInterrupted = osthread->interrupted();
  if (!isInterrupted) {
      osthread->set_interrupted(true);
      OrderAccess::fence();
      // os::sleep() is implemented with either poll (NULL,0,timeout) or
      // by parking on _SleepEvent.  If the former, thr_kill will unwedge
      // the sleeper by SIGINTR, otherwise the unpark() will wake the sleeper.
      ParkEvent * const slp = thread->_SleepEvent ;
      if (slp != NULL) slp->unpark() ;
  }

  // For JSR166:  unpark after setting status but before thr_kill -dl
  if (thread->is_Java_thread()) {
    ((JavaThread*)thread)->parker()->unpark();
  }

  // Handle interruptible wait() ...
  ParkEvent * const ev = thread->_ParkEvent ;
  if (ev != NULL) ev->unpark() ;

  // When events are used everywhere for os::sleep, then this thr_kill
  // will only be needed if UseVMInterruptibleIO is true.

  if (!isInterrupted) {
    int status = thr_kill(osthread->thread_id(), os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt());
    assert_status(status == 0, status, "thr_kill");

    // Bump thread interruption counter
    RuntimeService::record_thread_interrupt_signaled_count();
  }
}


bool os::is_interrupted(Thread* thread, bool clear_interrupted) {
  assert(Thread::current() == thread || Threads_lock->owned_by_self(), "possibility of dangling Thread pointer");

  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();

  bool res = osthread->interrupted();

  // NOTE that since there is no "lock" around these two operations,
  // there is the possibility that the interrupted flag will be
  // "false" but that the interrupt event will be set. This is
  // intentional. The effect of this is that Object.wait() will appear
  // to have a spurious wakeup, which is not harmful, and the
  // possibility is so rare that it is not worth the added complexity
  // to add yet another lock. It has also been recommended not to put
  // the interrupted flag into the os::Solaris::Event structure,
  // because it hides the issue.
  if (res && clear_interrupted) {
    osthread->set_interrupted(false);
  }
  return res;
}


void os::print_statistics() {
}

int os::message_box(const char* title, const char* message) {
  int i;
  fdStream err(defaultStream::error_fd());
  for (i = 0; i < 78; i++) err.print_raw("=");
  err.cr();
  err.print_raw_cr(title);
  for (i = 0; i < 78; i++) err.print_raw("-");
  err.cr();
  err.print_raw_cr(message);
  for (i = 0; i < 78; i++) err.print_raw("=");
  err.cr();

  char buf[16];
  // Prevent process from exiting upon "read error" without consuming all CPU
  while (::read(0, buf, sizeof(buf)) <= 0) { ::sleep(100); }

  return buf[0] == 'y' || buf[0] == 'Y';
}

static int sr_notify(OSThread* osthread) {
  int status = thr_kill(osthread->thread_id(), os::Solaris::SIGasync());
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "thr_kill");
  return status;
}

// "Randomly" selected value for how long we want to spin
// before bailing out on suspending a thread, also how often
// we send a signal to a thread we want to resume
static const int RANDOMLY_LARGE_INTEGER = 1000000;
static const int RANDOMLY_LARGE_INTEGER2 = 100;

static bool do_suspend(OSThread* osthread) {
  assert(osthread->sr.is_running(), "thread should be running");
  assert(!sr_semaphore.trywait(), "semaphore has invalid state");

  // mark as suspended and send signal
  if (osthread->sr.request_suspend() != os::SuspendResume::SR_SUSPEND_REQUEST) {
    // failed to switch, state wasn't running?
    ShouldNotReachHere();
    return false;
  }

  if (sr_notify(osthread) != 0) {
    ShouldNotReachHere();
  }

  // managed to send the signal and switch to SUSPEND_REQUEST, now wait for SUSPENDED
  while (true) {
    if (sr_semaphore.timedwait(0, 2000 * NANOSECS_PER_MILLISEC)) {
      break;
    } else {
      // timeout
      os::SuspendResume::State cancelled = osthread->sr.cancel_suspend();
      if (cancelled == os::SuspendResume::SR_RUNNING) {
        return false;
      } else if (cancelled == os::SuspendResume::SR_SUSPENDED) {
        // make sure that we consume the signal on the semaphore as well
        sr_semaphore.wait();
        break;
      } else {
        ShouldNotReachHere();
        return false;
      }
    }
  }

  guarantee(osthread->sr.is_suspended(), "Must be suspended");
  return true;
}

static void do_resume(OSThread* osthread) {
  assert(osthread->sr.is_suspended(), "thread should be suspended");
  assert(!sr_semaphore.trywait(), "invalid semaphore state");

  if (osthread->sr.request_wakeup() != os::SuspendResume::SR_WAKEUP_REQUEST) {
    // failed to switch to WAKEUP_REQUEST
    ShouldNotReachHere();
    return;
  }

  while (true) {
    if (sr_notify(osthread) == 0) {
      if (sr_semaphore.timedwait(0, 2 * NANOSECS_PER_MILLISEC)) {
        if (osthread->sr.is_running()) {
          return;
        }
      }
    } else {
      ShouldNotReachHere();
    }
  }

  guarantee(osthread->sr.is_running(), "Must be running!");
}

void os::SuspendedThreadTask::internal_do_task() {
  if (do_suspend(_thread->osthread())) {
    SuspendedThreadTaskContext context(_thread, _thread->osthread()->ucontext());
    do_task(context);
    do_resume(_thread->osthread());
  }
}

class PcFetcher : public os::SuspendedThreadTask {
public:
  PcFetcher(Thread* thread) : os::SuspendedThreadTask(thread) {}
  ExtendedPC result();
protected:
  void do_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context);
private:
  ExtendedPC _epc;
};

ExtendedPC PcFetcher::result() {
  guarantee(is_done(), "task is not done yet.");
  return _epc;
}

void PcFetcher::do_task(const os::SuspendedThreadTaskContext& context) {
  Thread* thread = context.thread();
  OSThread* osthread = thread->osthread();
  if (osthread->ucontext() != NULL) {
    _epc = os::Solaris::ucontext_get_pc((ucontext_t *) context.ucontext());
  } else {
    // NULL context is unexpected, double-check this is the VMThread
    guarantee(thread->is_VM_thread(), "can only be called for VMThread");
  }
}

// A lightweight implementation that does not suspend the target thread and
// thus returns only a hint. Used for profiling only!
ExtendedPC os::get_thread_pc(Thread* thread) {
  // Make sure that it is called by the watcher and the Threads lock is owned.
  assert(Thread::current()->is_Watcher_thread(), "Must be watcher and own Threads_lock");
  // For now, is only used to profile the VM Thread
  assert(thread->is_VM_thread(), "Can only be called for VMThread");
  PcFetcher fetcher(thread);
  fetcher.run();
  return fetcher.result();
}


// This does not do anything on Solaris. This is basically a hook for being
// able to use structured exception handling (thread-local exception filters) on, e.g., Win32.
void os::os_exception_wrapper(java_call_t f, JavaValue* value, methodHandle* method, JavaCallArguments* args, Thread* thread) {
  f(value, method, args, thread);
}

// This routine may be used by user applications as a "hook" to catch signals.
// The user-defined signal handler must pass unrecognized signals to this
// routine, and if it returns true (non-zero), then the signal handler must
// return immediately.  If the flag "abort_if_unrecognized" is true, then this
// routine will never retun false (zero), but instead will execute a VM panic
// routine kill the process.
//
// If this routine returns false, it is OK to call it again.  This allows
// the user-defined signal handler to perform checks either before or after
// the VM performs its own checks.  Naturally, the user code would be making
// a serious error if it tried to handle an exception (such as a null check
// or breakpoint) that the VM was generating for its own correct operation.
//
// This routine may recognize any of the following kinds of signals:
// SIGBUS, SIGSEGV, SIGILL, SIGFPE, BREAK_SIGNAL, SIGPIPE, SIGXFSZ,
// os::Solaris::SIGasync
// It should be consulted by handlers for any of those signals.
// It explicitly does not recognize os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt
//
// The caller of this routine must pass in the three arguments supplied
// to the function referred to in the "sa_sigaction" (not the "sa_handler")
// field of the structure passed to sigaction().  This routine assumes that
// the sa_flags field passed to sigaction() includes SA_SIGINFO and SA_RESTART.
//
// Note that the VM will print warnings if it detects conflicting signal
// handlers, unless invoked with the option "-XX:+AllowUserSignalHandlers".
//
extern "C" JNIEXPORT int
JVM_handle_solaris_signal(int signo, siginfo_t* siginfo, void* ucontext,
                          int abort_if_unrecognized);


void signalHandler(int sig, siginfo_t* info, void* ucVoid) {
  int orig_errno = errno;  // Preserve errno value over signal handler.
  JVM_handle_solaris_signal(sig, info, ucVoid, true);
  errno = orig_errno;
}

/* Do not delete - if guarantee is ever removed,  a signal handler (even empty)
   is needed to provoke threads blocked on IO to return an EINTR
   Note: this explicitly does NOT call JVM_handle_solaris_signal and
   does NOT participate in signal chaining due to requirement for
   NOT setting SA_RESTART to make EINTR work. */
extern "C" void sigINTRHandler(int sig, siginfo_t* info, void* ucVoid) {
   if (UseSignalChaining) {
      struct sigaction *actp = os::Solaris::get_chained_signal_action(sig);
      if (actp && actp->sa_handler) {
        vm_exit_during_initialization("Signal chaining detected for VM interrupt signal, try -XX:+UseAltSigs");
      }
   }
}

// This boolean allows users to forward their own non-matching signals
// to JVM_handle_solaris_signal, harmlessly.
bool os::Solaris::signal_handlers_are_installed = false;

// For signal-chaining
bool os::Solaris::libjsig_is_loaded = false;
typedef struct sigaction *(*get_signal_t)(int);
get_signal_t os::Solaris::get_signal_action = NULL;

struct sigaction* os::Solaris::get_chained_signal_action(int sig) {
  struct sigaction *actp = NULL;

  if ((libjsig_is_loaded)  && (sig <= Maxlibjsigsigs)) {
    // Retrieve the old signal handler from libjsig
    actp = (*get_signal_action)(sig);
  }
  if (actp == NULL) {
    // Retrieve the preinstalled signal handler from jvm
    actp = get_preinstalled_handler(sig);
  }

  return actp;
}

static bool call_chained_handler(struct sigaction *actp, int sig,
                                 siginfo_t *siginfo, void *context) {
  // Call the old signal handler
  if (actp->sa_handler == SIG_DFL) {
    // It's more reasonable to let jvm treat it as an unexpected exception
    // instead of taking the default action.
    return false;
  } else if (actp->sa_handler != SIG_IGN) {
    if ((actp->sa_flags & SA_NODEFER) == 0) {
      // automaticlly block the signal
      sigaddset(&(actp->sa_mask), sig);
    }

    sa_handler_t hand;
    sa_sigaction_t sa;
    bool siginfo_flag_set = (actp->sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO) != 0;
    // retrieve the chained handler
    if (siginfo_flag_set) {
      sa = actp->sa_sigaction;
    } else {
      hand = actp->sa_handler;
    }

    if ((actp->sa_flags & SA_RESETHAND) != 0) {
      actp->sa_handler = SIG_DFL;
    }

    // try to honor the signal mask
    sigset_t oset;
    thr_sigsetmask(SIG_SETMASK, &(actp->sa_mask), &oset);

    // call into the chained handler
    if (siginfo_flag_set) {
      (*sa)(sig, siginfo, context);
    } else {
      (*hand)(sig);
    }

    // restore the signal mask
    thr_sigsetmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oset, 0);
  }
  // Tell jvm's signal handler the signal is taken care of.
  return true;
}

bool os::Solaris::chained_handler(int sig, siginfo_t* siginfo, void* context) {
  bool chained = false;
  // signal-chaining
  if (UseSignalChaining) {
    struct sigaction *actp = get_chained_signal_action(sig);
    if (actp != NULL) {
      chained = call_chained_handler(actp, sig, siginfo, context);
    }
  }
  return chained;
}

struct sigaction* os::Solaris::get_preinstalled_handler(int sig) {
  assert((chainedsigactions != (struct sigaction *)NULL) && (preinstalled_sigs != (int *)NULL) , "signals not yet initialized");
  if (preinstalled_sigs[sig] != 0) {
    return &chainedsigactions[sig];
  }
  return NULL;
}

void os::Solaris::save_preinstalled_handler(int sig, struct sigaction& oldAct) {

  assert(sig > 0 && sig <= Maxsignum, "vm signal out of expected range");
  assert((chainedsigactions != (struct sigaction *)NULL) && (preinstalled_sigs != (int *)NULL) , "signals not yet initialized");
  chainedsigactions[sig] = oldAct;
  preinstalled_sigs[sig] = 1;
}

void os::Solaris::set_signal_handler(int sig, bool set_installed, bool oktochain) {
  // Check for overwrite.
  struct sigaction oldAct;
  sigaction(sig, (struct sigaction*)NULL, &oldAct);
  void* oldhand = oldAct.sa_sigaction ? CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*,  oldAct.sa_sigaction)
                                      : CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*,  oldAct.sa_handler);
  if (oldhand != CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, SIG_DFL) &&
      oldhand != CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, SIG_IGN) &&
      oldhand != CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, signalHandler)) {
    if (AllowUserSignalHandlers || !set_installed) {
      // Do not overwrite; user takes responsibility to forward to us.
      return;
    } else if (UseSignalChaining) {
      if (oktochain) {
        // save the old handler in jvm
        save_preinstalled_handler(sig, oldAct);
      } else {
        vm_exit_during_initialization("Signal chaining not allowed for VM interrupt signal, try -XX:+UseAltSigs.");
      }
      // libjsig also interposes the sigaction() call below and saves the
      // old sigaction on it own.
    } else {
      fatal(err_msg("Encountered unexpected pre-existing sigaction handler "
                    "%#lx for signal %d.", (long)oldhand, sig));
    }
  }

  struct sigaction sigAct;
  sigfillset(&(sigAct.sa_mask));
  sigAct.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;

  sigAct.sa_sigaction = signalHandler;
  // Handle SIGSEGV on alternate signal stack if
  // not using stack banging
  if (!UseStackBanging && sig == SIGSEGV) {
    sigAct.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO | SA_RESTART | SA_ONSTACK;
  // Interruptible i/o requires SA_RESTART cleared so EINTR
  // is returned instead of restarting system calls
  } else if (sig == os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt()) {
    sigemptyset(&sigAct.sa_mask);
    sigAct.sa_handler = NULL;
    sigAct.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
    sigAct.sa_sigaction = sigINTRHandler;
  } else {
    sigAct.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO | SA_RESTART;
  }
  os::Solaris::set_our_sigflags(sig, sigAct.sa_flags);

  sigaction(sig, &sigAct, &oldAct);

  void* oldhand2 = oldAct.sa_sigaction ? CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, oldAct.sa_sigaction)
                                       : CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(void*, oldAct.sa_handler);
  assert(oldhand2 == oldhand, "no concurrent signal handler installation");
}


#define DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(sig) \
  if (!sigismember(&check_signal_done, sig)) \
    os::Solaris::check_signal_handler(sig)

// This method is a periodic task to check for misbehaving JNI applications
// under CheckJNI, we can add any periodic checks here

void os::run_periodic_checks() {
  // A big source of grief is hijacking virt. addr 0x0 on Solaris,
  // thereby preventing a NULL checks.
  if(!check_addr0_done) check_addr0_done = check_addr0(tty);

  if (check_signals == false) return;

  // SEGV and BUS if overridden could potentially prevent
  // generation of hs*.log in the event of a crash, debugging
  // such a case can be very challenging, so we absolutely
  // check for the following for a good measure:
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGSEGV);
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGILL);
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGFPE);
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGBUS);
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGPIPE);
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SIGXFSZ);

  // ReduceSignalUsage allows the user to override these handlers
  // see comments at the very top and jvm_solaris.h
  if (!ReduceSignalUsage) {
    DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL);
    DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL);
    DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL);
    DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(BREAK_SIGNAL);
  }

  // See comments above for using JVM1/JVM2 and UseAltSigs
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt());
  DO_SIGNAL_CHECK(os::Solaris::SIGasync());

}

typedef int (*os_sigaction_t)(int, const struct sigaction *, struct sigaction *);

static os_sigaction_t os_sigaction = NULL;

void os::Solaris::check_signal_handler(int sig) {
  char buf[O_BUFLEN];
  address jvmHandler = NULL;

  struct sigaction act;
  if (os_sigaction == NULL) {
    // only trust the default sigaction, in case it has been interposed
    os_sigaction = (os_sigaction_t)dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "sigaction");
    if (os_sigaction == NULL) return;
  }

  os_sigaction(sig, (struct sigaction*)NULL, &act);

  address thisHandler = (act.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
    ? CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, act.sa_sigaction)
    : CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, act.sa_handler) ;


  switch(sig) {
    case SIGSEGV:
    case SIGBUS:
    case SIGFPE:
    case SIGPIPE:
    case SIGXFSZ:
    case SIGILL:
      jvmHandler = CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, signalHandler);
      break;

    case SHUTDOWN1_SIGNAL:
    case SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL:
    case SHUTDOWN3_SIGNAL:
    case BREAK_SIGNAL:
      jvmHandler = (address)user_handler();
      break;

    default:
      int intrsig = os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt();
      int asynsig = os::Solaris::SIGasync();

      if (sig == intrsig) {
        jvmHandler = CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, sigINTRHandler);
      } else if (sig == asynsig) {
        jvmHandler = CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, signalHandler);
      } else {
        return;
      }
      break;
  }


  if (thisHandler != jvmHandler) {
    tty->print("Warning: %s handler ", exception_name(sig, buf, O_BUFLEN));
    tty->print("expected:%s", get_signal_handler_name(jvmHandler, buf, O_BUFLEN));
    tty->print_cr("  found:%s", get_signal_handler_name(thisHandler, buf, O_BUFLEN));
    // No need to check this sig any longer
    sigaddset(&check_signal_done, sig);
    // Running under non-interactive shell, SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL will be reassigned SIG_IGN
    if (sig == SHUTDOWN2_SIGNAL && !isatty(fileno(stdin))) {
      tty->print_cr("Running in non-interactive shell, %s handler is replaced by shell",
                    exception_name(sig, buf, O_BUFLEN));
    }
  } else if(os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(sig) != 0 && act.sa_flags != os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(sig)) {
    tty->print("Warning: %s handler flags ", exception_name(sig, buf, O_BUFLEN));
    tty->print("expected:" PTR32_FORMAT, os::Solaris::get_our_sigflags(sig));
    tty->print_cr("  found:" PTR32_FORMAT, act.sa_flags);
    // No need to check this sig any longer
    sigaddset(&check_signal_done, sig);
  }

  // Print all the signal handler state
  if (sigismember(&check_signal_done, sig)) {
    print_signal_handlers(tty, buf, O_BUFLEN);
  }

}

void os::Solaris::install_signal_handlers() {
  bool libjsigdone = false;
  signal_handlers_are_installed = true;

  // signal-chaining
  typedef void (*signal_setting_t)();
  signal_setting_t begin_signal_setting = NULL;
  signal_setting_t end_signal_setting = NULL;
  begin_signal_setting = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(signal_setting_t,
                                        dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "JVM_begin_signal_setting"));
  if (begin_signal_setting != NULL) {
    end_signal_setting = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(signal_setting_t,
                                        dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "JVM_end_signal_setting"));
    get_signal_action = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(get_signal_t,
                                       dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "JVM_get_signal_action"));
    get_libjsig_version = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(version_getting_t,
                                         dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "JVM_get_libjsig_version"));
    libjsig_is_loaded = true;
    if (os::Solaris::get_libjsig_version != NULL) {
      libjsigversion =  (*os::Solaris::get_libjsig_version)();
    }
    assert(UseSignalChaining, "should enable signal-chaining");
  }
  if (libjsig_is_loaded) {
    // Tell libjsig jvm is setting signal handlers
    (*begin_signal_setting)();
  }

  set_signal_handler(SIGSEGV, true, true);
  set_signal_handler(SIGPIPE, true, true);
  set_signal_handler(SIGXFSZ, true, true);
  set_signal_handler(SIGBUS, true, true);
  set_signal_handler(SIGILL, true, true);
  set_signal_handler(SIGFPE, true, true);


  if (os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt() > OLDMAXSIGNUM || os::Solaris::SIGasync() > OLDMAXSIGNUM) {

    // Pre-1.4.1 Libjsig limited to signal chaining signals <= 32 so
    // can not register overridable signals which might be > 32
    if (libjsig_is_loaded && libjsigversion <= JSIG_VERSION_1_4_1) {
    // Tell libjsig jvm has finished setting signal handlers
      (*end_signal_setting)();
      libjsigdone = true;
    }
  }

  // Never ok to chain our SIGinterrupt
  set_signal_handler(os::Solaris::SIGinterrupt(), true, false);
  set_signal_handler(os::Solaris::SIGasync(), true, true);

  if (libjsig_is_loaded && !libjsigdone) {
    // Tell libjsig jvm finishes setting signal handlers
    (*end_signal_setting)();
  }

  // We don't activate signal checker if libjsig is in place, we trust ourselves
  // and if UserSignalHandler is installed all bets are off.
  // Log that signal checking is off only if -verbose:jni is specified.
  if (CheckJNICalls) {
    if (libjsig_is_loaded) {
      if (PrintJNIResolving) {
        tty->print_cr("Info: libjsig is activated, all active signal checking is disabled");
      }
      check_signals = false;
    }
    if (AllowUserSignalHandlers) {
      if (PrintJNIResolving) {
        tty->print_cr("Info: AllowUserSignalHandlers is activated, all active signal checking is disabled");
      }
      check_signals = false;
    }
  }
}


void report_error(const char* file_name, int line_no, const char* title, const char* format, ...);

const char * signames[] = {
  "SIG0",
  "SIGHUP", "SIGINT", "SIGQUIT", "SIGILL", "SIGTRAP",
  "SIGABRT", "SIGEMT", "SIGFPE", "SIGKILL", "SIGBUS",
  "SIGSEGV", "SIGSYS", "SIGPIPE", "SIGALRM", "SIGTERM",
  "SIGUSR1", "SIGUSR2", "SIGCLD", "SIGPWR", "SIGWINCH",
  "SIGURG", "SIGPOLL", "SIGSTOP", "SIGTSTP", "SIGCONT",
  "SIGTTIN", "SIGTTOU", "SIGVTALRM", "SIGPROF", "SIGXCPU",
  "SIGXFSZ", "SIGWAITING", "SIGLWP", "SIGFREEZE", "SIGTHAW",
  "SIGCANCEL", "SIGLOST"
};

const char* os::exception_name(int exception_code, char* buf, size_t size) {
  if (0 < exception_code && exception_code <= SIGRTMAX) {
    // signal
    if (exception_code < sizeof(signames)/sizeof(const char*)) {
       jio_snprintf(buf, size, "%s", signames[exception_code]);
    } else {
       jio_snprintf(buf, size, "SIG%d", exception_code);
    }
    return buf;
  } else {
    return NULL;
  }
}

// (Static) wrappers for the new libthread API
int_fnP_thread_t_iP_uP_stack_tP_gregset_t os::Solaris::_thr_getstate;
int_fnP_thread_t_i_gregset_t os::Solaris::_thr_setstate;
int_fnP_thread_t_i os::Solaris::_thr_setmutator;
int_fnP_thread_t os::Solaris::_thr_suspend_mutator;
int_fnP_thread_t os::Solaris::_thr_continue_mutator;

// (Static) wrapper for getisax(2) call.
os::Solaris::getisax_func_t os::Solaris::_getisax = 0;

// (Static) wrappers for the liblgrp API
os::Solaris::lgrp_home_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_home;
os::Solaris::lgrp_init_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_init;
os::Solaris::lgrp_fini_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_fini;
os::Solaris::lgrp_root_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_root;
os::Solaris::lgrp_children_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_children;
os::Solaris::lgrp_resources_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_resources;
os::Solaris::lgrp_nlgrps_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_nlgrps;
os::Solaris::lgrp_cookie_stale_func_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_cookie_stale;
os::Solaris::lgrp_cookie_t os::Solaris::_lgrp_cookie = 0;

// (Static) wrapper for meminfo() call.
os::Solaris::meminfo_func_t os::Solaris::_meminfo = 0;

static address resolve_symbol_lazy(const char* name) {
  address addr = (address) dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, name);
  if(addr == NULL) {
    // RTLD_DEFAULT was not defined on some early versions of 2.5.1
    addr = (address) dlsym(RTLD_NEXT, name);
  }
  return addr;
}

static address resolve_symbol(const char* name) {
  address addr = resolve_symbol_lazy(name);
  if(addr == NULL) {
    fatal(dlerror());
  }
  return addr;
}



// isT2_libthread()
//
// Routine to determine if we are currently using the new T2 libthread.
//
// We determine if we are using T2 by reading /proc/self/lstatus and
// looking for a thread with the ASLWP bit set.  If we find this status
// bit set, we must assume that we are NOT using T2.  The T2 team
// has approved this algorithm.
//
// We need to determine if we are running with the new T2 libthread
// since setting native thread priorities is handled differently
// when using this library.  All threads created using T2 are bound
// threads. Calling thr_setprio is meaningless in this case.
//
bool isT2_libthread() {
  static prheader_t * lwpArray = NULL;
  static int lwpSize = 0;
  static int lwpFile = -1;
  lwpstatus_t * that;
  char lwpName [128];
  bool isT2 = false;

#define ADR(x)  ((uintptr_t)(x))
#define LWPINDEX(ary,ix)   ((lwpstatus_t *)(((ary)->pr_entsize * (ix)) + (ADR((ary) + 1))))

  lwpFile = ::open("/proc/self/lstatus", O_RDONLY, 0);
  if (lwpFile < 0) {
      if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) warning ("Couldn't open /proc/self/lstatus\n");
      return false;
  }
  lwpSize = 16*1024;
  for (;;) {
    ::lseek64 (lwpFile, 0, SEEK_SET);
    lwpArray = (prheader_t *)NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, lwpSize, mtInternal);
    if (::read(lwpFile, lwpArray, lwpSize) < 0) {
      if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) warning("Error reading /proc/self/lstatus\n");
      break;
    }
    if ((lwpArray->pr_nent * lwpArray->pr_entsize) <= lwpSize) {
       // We got a good snapshot - now iterate over the list.
      int aslwpcount = 0;
      for (int i = 0; i < lwpArray->pr_nent; i++ ) {
        that = LWPINDEX(lwpArray,i);
        if (that->pr_flags & PR_ASLWP) {
          aslwpcount++;
        }
      }
      if (aslwpcount == 0) isT2 = true;
      break;
    }
    lwpSize = lwpArray->pr_nent * lwpArray->pr_entsize;
    FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, lwpArray, mtInternal);  // retry.
  }

  FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(char, lwpArray, mtInternal);
  ::close (lwpFile);
  if (ThreadPriorityVerbose) {
    if (isT2) tty->print_cr("We are running with a T2 libthread\n");
    else tty->print_cr("We are not running with a T2 libthread\n");
  }
  return isT2;
}


void os::Solaris::libthread_init() {
  address func = (address)dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "_thr_suspend_allmutators");

  // Determine if we are running with the new T2 libthread
  os::Solaris::set_T2_libthread(isT2_libthread());

  lwp_priocntl_init();

  // RTLD_DEFAULT was not defined on some early versions of 5.5.1
  if(func == NULL) {
    func = (address) dlsym(RTLD_NEXT, "_thr_suspend_allmutators");
    // Guarantee that this VM is running on an new enough OS (5.6 or
    // later) that it will have a new enough libthread.so.
    guarantee(func != NULL, "libthread.so is too old.");
  }

  // Initialize the new libthread getstate API wrappers
  func = resolve_symbol("thr_getstate");
  os::Solaris::set_thr_getstate(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_thread_t_iP_uP_stack_tP_gregset_t, func));

  func = resolve_symbol("thr_setstate");
  os::Solaris::set_thr_setstate(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_thread_t_i_gregset_t, func));

  func = resolve_symbol("thr_setmutator");
  os::Solaris::set_thr_setmutator(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_thread_t_i, func));

  func = resolve_symbol("thr_suspend_mutator");
  os::Solaris::set_thr_suspend_mutator(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_thread_t, func));

  func = resolve_symbol("thr_continue_mutator");
  os::Solaris::set_thr_continue_mutator(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_thread_t, func));

  int size;
  void (*handler_info_func)(address *, int *);
  handler_info_func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(void (*)(address *, int *), resolve_symbol("thr_sighndlrinfo"));
  handler_info_func(&handler_start, &size);
  handler_end = handler_start + size;
}


int_fnP_mutex_tP os::Solaris::_mutex_lock;
int_fnP_mutex_tP os::Solaris::_mutex_trylock;
int_fnP_mutex_tP os::Solaris::_mutex_unlock;
int_fnP_mutex_tP_i_vP os::Solaris::_mutex_init;
int_fnP_mutex_tP os::Solaris::_mutex_destroy;
int os::Solaris::_mutex_scope = USYNC_THREAD;

int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP_timestruc_tP os::Solaris::_cond_timedwait;
int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP os::Solaris::_cond_wait;
int_fnP_cond_tP os::Solaris::_cond_signal;
int_fnP_cond_tP os::Solaris::_cond_broadcast;
int_fnP_cond_tP_i_vP os::Solaris::_cond_init;
int_fnP_cond_tP os::Solaris::_cond_destroy;
int os::Solaris::_cond_scope = USYNC_THREAD;

void os::Solaris::synchronization_init() {
  if(UseLWPSynchronization) {
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_lock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_mutex_lock")));
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_trylock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_mutex_trylock")));
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_unlock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_mutex_unlock")));
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_init(lwp_mutex_init);
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_destroy(lwp_mutex_destroy);
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_scope(USYNC_THREAD);

    os::Solaris::set_cond_timedwait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP_timestruc_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_cond_timedwait")));
    os::Solaris::set_cond_wait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_cond_wait")));
    os::Solaris::set_cond_signal(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_cond_signal")));
    os::Solaris::set_cond_broadcast(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("_lwp_cond_broadcast")));
    os::Solaris::set_cond_init(lwp_cond_init);
    os::Solaris::set_cond_destroy(lwp_cond_destroy);
    os::Solaris::set_cond_scope(USYNC_THREAD);
  }
  else {
    os::Solaris::set_mutex_scope(USYNC_THREAD);
    os::Solaris::set_cond_scope(USYNC_THREAD);

    if(UsePthreads) {
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_lock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_mutex_lock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_trylock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_mutex_trylock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_unlock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_mutex_unlock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_init(pthread_mutex_default_init);
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_destroy(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_mutex_destroy")));

      os::Solaris::set_cond_timedwait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP_timestruc_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_cond_timedwait")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_wait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_cond_wait")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_signal(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_cond_signal")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_broadcast(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_cond_broadcast")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_init(pthread_cond_default_init);
      os::Solaris::set_cond_destroy(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("pthread_cond_destroy")));
    }
    else {
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_lock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("mutex_lock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_trylock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("mutex_trylock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_unlock(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("mutex_unlock")));
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_init(::mutex_init);
      os::Solaris::set_mutex_destroy(::mutex_destroy);

      os::Solaris::set_cond_timedwait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP_timestruc_tP, resolve_symbol("cond_timedwait")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_wait(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP_mutex_tP, resolve_symbol("cond_wait")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_signal(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("cond_signal")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_broadcast(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(int_fnP_cond_tP, resolve_symbol("cond_broadcast")));
      os::Solaris::set_cond_init(::cond_init);
      os::Solaris::set_cond_destroy(::cond_destroy);
    }
  }
}

bool os::Solaris::liblgrp_init() {
  void *handle = dlopen("liblgrp.so.1", RTLD_LAZY);
  if (handle != NULL) {
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_home(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_home_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_home")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_init(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_init_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_init")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_fini(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_fini_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_fini")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_root(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_root_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_root")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_children(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_children_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_children")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_resources(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_resources_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_resources")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_nlgrps(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_nlgrps_func_t, dlsym(handle, "lgrp_nlgrps")));
    os::Solaris::set_lgrp_cookie_stale(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(lgrp_cookie_stale_func_t,
                                       dlsym(handle, "lgrp_cookie_stale")));

    lgrp_cookie_t c = lgrp_init(LGRP_VIEW_CALLER);
    set_lgrp_cookie(c);
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

void os::Solaris::misc_sym_init() {
  address func;

  // getisax
  func = resolve_symbol_lazy("getisax");
  if (func != NULL) {
    os::Solaris::_getisax = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(getisax_func_t, func);
  }

  // meminfo
  func = resolve_symbol_lazy("meminfo");
  if (func != NULL) {
    os::Solaris::set_meminfo(CAST_TO_FN_PTR(meminfo_func_t, func));
  }
}

uint_t os::Solaris::getisax(uint32_t* array, uint_t n) {
  assert(_getisax != NULL, "_getisax not set");
  return _getisax(array, n);
}

// int pset_getloadavg(psetid_t pset, double loadavg[], int nelem);
typedef long (*pset_getloadavg_type)(psetid_t pset, double loadavg[], int nelem);
static pset_getloadavg_type pset_getloadavg_ptr = NULL;

void init_pset_getloadavg_ptr(void) {
  pset_getloadavg_ptr =
    (pset_getloadavg_type)dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "pset_getloadavg");
  if (PrintMiscellaneous && Verbose && pset_getloadavg_ptr == NULL) {
    warning("pset_getloadavg function not found");
  }
}

int os::Solaris::_dev_zero_fd = -1;

// this is called _before_ the global arguments have been parsed
void os::init(void) {
  _initial_pid = getpid();

  max_hrtime = first_hrtime = gethrtime();

  init_random(1234567);

  page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
  if (page_size == -1)
    fatal(err_msg("os_solaris.cpp: os::init: sysconf failed (%s)",
                  strerror(errno)));
  init_page_sizes((size_t) page_size);

  Solaris::initialize_system_info();

  // Initialize misc. symbols as soon as possible, so we can use them
  // if we need them.
  Solaris::misc_sym_init();

  int fd = ::open("/dev/zero", O_RDWR);
  if (fd < 0) {
    fatal(err_msg("os::init: cannot open /dev/zero (%s)", strerror(errno)));
  } else {
    Solaris::set_dev_zero_fd(fd);

    // Close on exec, child won't inherit.
    fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
  }

  clock_tics_per_sec = CLK_TCK;

  // check if dladdr1() exists; dladdr1 can provide more information than
  // dladdr for os::dll_address_to_function_name. It comes with SunOS 5.9
  // and is available on linker patches for 5.7 and 5.8.
  // libdl.so must have been loaded, this call is just an entry lookup
  void * hdl = dlopen("libdl.so", RTLD_NOW);
  if (hdl)
    dladdr1_func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(dladdr1_func_type, dlsym(hdl, "dladdr1"));

  // (Solaris only) this switches to calls that actually do locking.
  ThreadCritical::initialize();

  main_thread = thr_self();

  // Constant minimum stack size allowed. It must be at least
  // the minimum of what the OS supports (thr_min_stack()), and
  // enough to allow the thread to get to user bytecode execution.
  Solaris::min_stack_allowed = MAX2(thr_min_stack(), Solaris::min_stack_allowed);
  // If the pagesize of the VM is greater than 8K determine the appropriate
  // number of initial guard pages.  The user can change this with the
  // command line arguments, if needed.
  if (vm_page_size() > 8*K) {
    StackYellowPages = 1;
    StackRedPages = 1;
    StackShadowPages = round_to((StackShadowPages*8*K), vm_page_size()) / vm_page_size();
  }
}

// To install functions for atexit system call
extern "C" {
  static void perfMemory_exit_helper() {
    perfMemory_exit();
  }
}

// this is called _after_ the global arguments have been parsed
jint os::init_2(void) {
  // try to enable extended file IO ASAP, see 6431278
  os::Solaris::try_enable_extended_io();

  // Allocate a single page and mark it as readable for safepoint polling.  Also
  // use this first mmap call to check support for MAP_ALIGN.
  address polling_page = (address)Solaris::mmap_chunk((char*)page_size,
                                                      page_size,
                                                      MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ALIGN,
                                                      PROT_READ);
  if (polling_page == NULL) {
    has_map_align = false;
    polling_page = (address)Solaris::mmap_chunk(NULL, page_size, MAP_PRIVATE,
                                                PROT_READ);
  }

  os::set_polling_page(polling_page);

#ifndef PRODUCT
  if( Verbose && PrintMiscellaneous )
    tty->print("[SafePoint Polling address: " INTPTR_FORMAT "]\n", (intptr_t)polling_page);
#endif

  if (!UseMembar) {
    address mem_serialize_page = (address)Solaris::mmap_chunk( NULL, page_size, MAP_PRIVATE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE );
    guarantee( mem_serialize_page != NULL, "mmap Failed for memory serialize page");
    os::set_memory_serialize_page( mem_serialize_page );

#ifndef PRODUCT
    if(Verbose && PrintMiscellaneous)
      tty->print("[Memory Serialize  Page address: " INTPTR_FORMAT "]\n", (intptr_t)mem_serialize_page);
#endif
  }

  // Check minimum allowable stack size for thread creation and to initialize
  // the java system classes, including StackOverflowError - depends on page
  // size.  Add a page for compiler2 recursion in main thread.
  // Add in 2*BytesPerWord times page size to account for VM stack during
  // class initialization depending on 32 or 64 bit VM.
  os::Solaris::min_stack_allowed = MAX2(os::Solaris::min_stack_allowed,
            (size_t)(StackYellowPages+StackRedPages+StackShadowPages+
                    2*BytesPerWord COMPILER2_PRESENT(+1)) * page_size);

  size_t threadStackSizeInBytes = ThreadStackSize * K;
  if (threadStackSizeInBytes != 0 &&
    threadStackSizeInBytes < os::Solaris::min_stack_allowed) {
    tty->print_cr("\nThe stack size specified is too small, Specify at least %dk",
                  os::Solaris::min_stack_allowed/K);
    return JNI_ERR;
  }

  // For 64kbps there will be a 64kb page size, which makes
  // the usable default stack size quite a bit less.  Increase the
  // stack for 64kb (or any > than 8kb) pages, this increases
  // virtual memory fragmentation (since we're not creating the
  // stack on a power of 2 boundary.  The real fix for this
  // should be to fix the guard page mechanism.

  if (vm_page_size() > 8*K) {
      threadStackSizeInBytes = (threadStackSizeInBytes != 0)
         ? threadStackSizeInBytes +
           ((StackYellowPages + StackRedPages) * vm_page_size())
         : 0;
      ThreadStackSize = threadStackSizeInBytes/K;
  }

  // Make the stack size a multiple of the page size so that
  // the yellow/red zones can be guarded.
  JavaThread::set_stack_size_at_create(round_to(threadStackSizeInBytes,
        vm_page_size()));

  Solaris::libthread_init();

  if (UseNUMA) {
    if (!Solaris::liblgrp_init()) {
      UseNUMA = false;
    } else {
      size_t lgrp_limit = os::numa_get_groups_num();
      int *lgrp_ids = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(int, lgrp_limit, mtInternal);
      size_t lgrp_num = os::numa_get_leaf_groups(lgrp_ids, lgrp_limit);
      FREE_C_HEAP_ARRAY(int, lgrp_ids, mtInternal);
      if (lgrp_num < 2) {
        // There's only one locality group, disable NUMA.
        UseNUMA = false;
      }
    }
    if (!UseNUMA && ForceNUMA) {
      UseNUMA = true;
    }
  }

  Solaris::signal_sets_init();
  Solaris::init_signal_mem();
  Solaris::install_signal_handlers();

  if (libjsigversion < JSIG_VERSION_1_4_1) {
    Maxlibjsigsigs = OLDMAXSIGNUM;
  }

  // initialize synchronization primitives to use either thread or
  // lwp synchronization (controlled by UseLWPSynchronization)
  Solaris::synchronization_init();

  if (MaxFDLimit) {
    // set the number of file descriptors to max. print out error
    // if getrlimit/setrlimit fails but continue regardless.
    struct rlimit nbr_files;
    int status = getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &nbr_files);
    if (status != 0) {
      if (PrintMiscellaneous && (Verbose || WizardMode))
        perror("os::init_2 getrlimit failed");
    } else {
      nbr_files.rlim_cur = nbr_files.rlim_max;
      status = setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &nbr_files);
      if (status != 0) {
        if (PrintMiscellaneous && (Verbose || WizardMode))
          perror("os::init_2 setrlimit failed");
      }
    }
  }

  // Calculate theoretical max. size of Threads to guard gainst
  // artifical out-of-memory situations, where all available address-
  // space has been reserved by thread stacks. Default stack size is 1Mb.
  size_t pre_thread_stack_size = (JavaThread::stack_size_at_create()) ?
    JavaThread::stack_size_at_create() : (1*K*K);
  assert(pre_thread_stack_size != 0, "Must have a stack");
  // Solaris has a maximum of 4Gb of user programs. Calculate the thread limit when
  // we should start doing Virtual Memory banging. Currently when the threads will
  // have used all but 200Mb of space.
  size_t max_address_space = ((unsigned int)4 * K * K * K) - (200 * K * K);
  Solaris::_os_thread_limit = max_address_space / pre_thread_stack_size;

  // at-exit methods are called in the reverse order of their registration.
  // In Solaris 7 and earlier, atexit functions are called on return from
  // main or as a result of a call to exit(3C). There can be only 32 of
  // these functions registered and atexit() does not set errno. In Solaris
  // 8 and later, there is no limit to the number of functions registered
  // and atexit() sets errno. In addition, in Solaris 8 and later, atexit
  // functions are called upon dlclose(3DL) in addition to return from main
  // and exit(3C).

  if (PerfAllowAtExitRegistration) {
    // only register atexit functions if PerfAllowAtExitRegistration is set.
    // atexit functions can be delayed until process exit time, which
    // can be problematic for embedded VM situations. Embedded VMs should
    // call DestroyJavaVM() to assure that VM resources are released.

    // note: perfMemory_exit_helper atexit function may be removed in
    // the future if the appropriate cleanup code can be added to the
    // VM_Exit VMOperation's doit method.
    if (atexit(perfMemory_exit_helper) != 0) {
      warning("os::init2 atexit(perfMemory_exit_helper) failed");
    }
  }

  // Init pset_loadavg function pointer
  init_pset_getloadavg_ptr();

  return JNI_OK;
}

// Mark the polling page as unreadable
void os::make_polling_page_unreadable(void) {
  if( mprotect((char *)_polling_page, page_size, PROT_NONE) != 0 )
    fatal("Could not disable polling page");
};

// Mark the polling page as readable
void os::make_polling_page_readable(void) {
  if( mprotect((char *)_polling_page, page_size, PROT_READ) != 0 )
    fatal("Could not enable polling page");
};

// OS interface.

bool os::check_heap(bool force) { return true; }

typedef int (*vsnprintf_t)(char* buf, size_t count, const char* fmt, va_list argptr);
static vsnprintf_t sol_vsnprintf = NULL;

int local_vsnprintf(char* buf, size_t count, const char* fmt, va_list argptr) {
  if (!sol_vsnprintf) {
    //search  for the named symbol in the objects that were loaded after libjvm
    void* where = RTLD_NEXT;
    if ((sol_vsnprintf = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(vsnprintf_t, dlsym(where, "__vsnprintf"))) == NULL)
        sol_vsnprintf = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(vsnprintf_t, dlsym(where, "vsnprintf"));
    if (!sol_vsnprintf){
      //search  for the named symbol in the objects that were loaded before libjvm
      where = RTLD_DEFAULT;
      if ((sol_vsnprintf = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(vsnprintf_t, dlsym(where, "__vsnprintf"))) == NULL)
        sol_vsnprintf = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(vsnprintf_t, dlsym(where, "vsnprintf"));
      assert(sol_vsnprintf != NULL, "vsnprintf not found");
    }
  }
  return (*sol_vsnprintf)(buf, count, fmt, argptr);
}


// Is a (classpath) directory empty?
bool os::dir_is_empty(const char* path) {
  DIR *dir = NULL;
  struct dirent *ptr;

  dir = opendir(path);
  if (dir == NULL) return true;

  /* Scan the directory */
  bool result = true;
  char buf[sizeof(struct dirent) + MAX_PATH];
  struct dirent *dbuf = (struct dirent *) buf;
  while (result && (ptr = readdir(dir, dbuf)) != NULL) {
    if (strcmp(ptr->d_name, ".") != 0 && strcmp(ptr->d_name, "..") != 0) {
      result = false;
    }
  }
  closedir(dir);
  return result;
}

// This code originates from JDK's sysOpen and open64_w
// from src/solaris/hpi/src/system_md.c

#ifndef O_DELETE
#define O_DELETE 0x10000
#endif

// Open a file. Unlink the file immediately after open returns
// if the specified oflag has the O_DELETE flag set.
// O_DELETE is used only in j2se/src/share/native/java/util/zip/ZipFile.c

int os::open(const char *path, int oflag, int mode) {
  if (strlen(path) > MAX_PATH - 1) {
    errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
    return -1;
  }
  int fd;
  int o_delete = (oflag & O_DELETE);
  oflag = oflag & ~O_DELETE;

  fd = ::open64(path, oflag, mode);
  if (fd == -1) return -1;

  //If the open succeeded, the file might still be a directory
  {
    struct stat64 buf64;
    int ret = ::fstat64(fd, &buf64);
    int st_mode = buf64.st_mode;

    if (ret != -1) {
      if ((st_mode & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR) {
        errno = EISDIR;
        ::close(fd);
        return -1;
      }
    } else {
      ::close(fd);
      return -1;
    }
  }
    /*
     * 32-bit Solaris systems suffer from:
     *
     * - an historical default soft limit of 256 per-process file
     *   descriptors that is too low for many Java programs.
     *
     * - a design flaw where file descriptors created using stdio
     *   fopen must be less than 256, _even_ when the first limit above
     *   has been raised.  This can cause calls to fopen (but not calls to
     *   open, for example) to fail mysteriously, perhaps in 3rd party
     *   native code (although the JDK itself uses fopen).  One can hardly
     *   criticize them for using this most standard of all functions.
     *
     * We attempt to make everything work anyways by:
     *
     * - raising the soft limit on per-process file descriptors beyond
     *   256
     *
     * - As of Solaris 10u4, we can request that Solaris raise the 256
     *   stdio fopen limit by calling function enable_extended_FILE_stdio.
     *   This is done in init_2 and recorded in enabled_extended_FILE_stdio
     *
     * - If we are stuck on an old (pre 10u4) Solaris system, we can
     *   workaround the bug by remapping non-stdio file descriptors below
     *   256 to ones beyond 256, which is done below.
     *
     * See:
     * 1085341: 32-bit stdio routines should support file descriptors >255
     * 6533291: Work around 32-bit Solaris stdio limit of 256 open files
     * 6431278: Netbeans crash on 32 bit Solaris: need to call
     *          enable_extended_FILE_stdio() in VM initialisation
     * Giri Mandalika's blog
     * http://technopark02.blogspot.com/2005_05_01_archive.html
     */
#ifndef  _LP64
     if ((!enabled_extended_FILE_stdio) && fd < 256) {
         int newfd = ::fcntl(fd, F_DUPFD, 256);
         if (newfd != -1) {
             ::close(fd);
             fd = newfd;
         }
     }
#endif // 32-bit Solaris
    /*
     * All file descriptors that are opened in the JVM and not
     * specifically destined for a subprocess should have the
     * close-on-exec flag set.  If we don't set it, then careless 3rd
     * party native code might fork and exec without closing all
     * appropriate file descriptors (e.g. as we do in closeDescriptors in
     * UNIXProcess.c), and this in turn might:
     *
     * - cause end-of-file to fail to be detected on some file
     *   descriptors, resulting in mysterious hangs, or
     *
     * - might cause an fopen in the subprocess to fail on a system
     *   suffering from bug 1085341.
     *
     * (Yes, the default setting of the close-on-exec flag is a Unix
     * design flaw)
     *
     * See:
     * 1085341: 32-bit stdio routines should support file descriptors >255
     * 4843136: (process) pipe file descriptor from Runtime.exec not being closed
     * 6339493: (process) Runtime.exec does not close all file descriptors on Solaris 9
     */
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
    {
        int flags = ::fcntl(fd, F_GETFD);
        if (flags != -1)
            ::fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, flags | FD_CLOEXEC);
    }
#endif

  if (o_delete != 0) {
    ::unlink(path);
  }
  return fd;
}

// create binary file, rewriting existing file if required
int os::create_binary_file(const char* path, bool rewrite_existing) {
  int oflags = O_WRONLY | O_CREAT;
  if (!rewrite_existing) {
    oflags |= O_EXCL;
  }
  return ::open64(path, oflags, S_IREAD | S_IWRITE);
}

// return current position of file pointer
jlong os::current_file_offset(int fd) {
  return (jlong)::lseek64(fd, (off64_t)0, SEEK_CUR);
}

// move file pointer to the specified offset
jlong os::seek_to_file_offset(int fd, jlong offset) {
  return (jlong)::lseek64(fd, (off64_t)offset, SEEK_SET);
}

jlong os::lseek(int fd, jlong offset, int whence) {
  return (jlong) ::lseek64(fd, offset, whence);
}

char * os::native_path(char *path) {
  return path;
}

int os::ftruncate(int fd, jlong length) {
  return ::ftruncate64(fd, length);
}

int os::fsync(int fd)  {
  RESTARTABLE_RETURN_INT(::fsync(fd));
}

int os::available(int fd, jlong *bytes) {
  jlong cur, end;
  int mode;
  struct stat64 buf64;

  if (::fstat64(fd, &buf64) >= 0) {
    mode = buf64.st_mode;
    if (S_ISCHR(mode) || S_ISFIFO(mode) || S_ISSOCK(mode)) {
      /*
      * XXX: is the following call interruptible? If so, this might
      * need to go through the INTERRUPT_IO() wrapper as for other
      * blocking, interruptible calls in this file.
      */
      int n,ioctl_return;

      INTERRUPTIBLE(::ioctl(fd, FIONREAD, &n),ioctl_return,os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
      if (ioctl_return>= 0) {
          *bytes = n;
        return 1;
      }
    }
  }
  if ((cur = ::lseek64(fd, 0L, SEEK_CUR)) == -1) {
    return 0;
  } else if ((end = ::lseek64(fd, 0L, SEEK_END)) == -1) {
    return 0;
  } else if (::lseek64(fd, cur, SEEK_SET) == -1) {
    return 0;
  }
  *bytes = end - cur;
  return 1;
}

// Map a block of memory.
char* os::pd_map_memory(int fd, const char* file_name, size_t file_offset,
                     char *addr, size_t bytes, bool read_only,
                     bool allow_exec) {
  int prot;
  int flags;

  if (read_only) {
    prot = PROT_READ;
    flags = MAP_SHARED;
  } else {
    prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
    flags = MAP_PRIVATE;
  }

  if (allow_exec) {
    prot |= PROT_EXEC;
  }

  if (addr != NULL) {
    flags |= MAP_FIXED;
  }

  char* mapped_address = (char*)mmap(addr, (size_t)bytes, prot, flags,
                                     fd, file_offset);
  if (mapped_address == MAP_FAILED) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return mapped_address;
}


// Remap a block of memory.
char* os::pd_remap_memory(int fd, const char* file_name, size_t file_offset,
                       char *addr, size_t bytes, bool read_only,
                       bool allow_exec) {
  // same as map_memory() on this OS
  return os::map_memory(fd, file_name, file_offset, addr, bytes, read_only,
                        allow_exec);
}


// Unmap a block of memory.
bool os::pd_unmap_memory(char* addr, size_t bytes) {
  return munmap(addr, bytes) == 0;
}

void os::pause() {
  char filename[MAX_PATH];
  if (PauseAtStartupFile && PauseAtStartupFile[0]) {
    jio_snprintf(filename, MAX_PATH, PauseAtStartupFile);
  } else {
    jio_snprintf(filename, MAX_PATH, "./vm.paused.%d", current_process_id());
  }

  int fd = ::open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0666);
  if (fd != -1) {
    struct stat buf;
    ::close(fd);
    while (::stat(filename, &buf) == 0) {
      (void)::poll(NULL, 0, 100);
    }
  } else {
    jio_fprintf(stderr,
      "Could not open pause file '%s', continuing immediately.\n", filename);
  }
}

#ifndef PRODUCT
#ifdef INTERPOSE_ON_SYSTEM_SYNCH_FUNCTIONS
// Turn this on if you need to trace synch operations.
// Set RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT to a large-enough value,
// and call record_synch_enable and record_synch_disable
// around the computation of interest.

void record_synch(char* name, bool returning);  // defined below

class RecordSynch {
  char* _name;
 public:
  RecordSynch(char* name) :_name(name)
                 { record_synch(_name, false); }
  ~RecordSynch() { record_synch(_name,   true);  }
};

#define CHECK_SYNCH_OP(ret, name, params, args, inner)          \
extern "C" ret name params {                                    \
  typedef ret name##_t params;                                  \
  static name##_t* implem = NULL;                               \
  static int callcount = 0;                                     \
  if (implem == NULL) {                                         \
    implem = (name##_t*) dlsym(RTLD_NEXT, #name);               \
    if (implem == NULL)  fatal(dlerror());                      \
  }                                                             \
  ++callcount;                                                  \
  RecordSynch _rs(#name);                                       \
  inner;                                                        \
  return implem args;                                           \
}
// in dbx, examine callcounts this way:
// for n in $(eval whereis callcount | awk '{print $2}'); do print $n; done

#define CHECK_POINTER_OK(p) \
  (!Universe::is_fully_initialized() || !Universe::is_reserved_heap((oop)(p)))
#define CHECK_MU \
  if (!CHECK_POINTER_OK(mu)) fatal("Mutex must be in C heap only.");
#define CHECK_CV \
  if (!CHECK_POINTER_OK(cv)) fatal("Condvar must be in C heap only.");
#define CHECK_P(p) \
  if (!CHECK_POINTER_OK(p))  fatal(false,  "Pointer must be in C heap only.");

#define CHECK_MUTEX(mutex_op) \
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, mutex_op, (mutex_t *mu), (mu), CHECK_MU);

CHECK_MUTEX(   mutex_lock)
CHECK_MUTEX(  _mutex_lock)
CHECK_MUTEX( mutex_unlock)
CHECK_MUTEX(_mutex_unlock)
CHECK_MUTEX( mutex_trylock)
CHECK_MUTEX(_mutex_trylock)

#define CHECK_COND(cond_op) \
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, cond_op, (cond_t *cv, mutex_t *mu), (cv, mu), CHECK_MU;CHECK_CV);

CHECK_COND( cond_wait);
CHECK_COND(_cond_wait);
CHECK_COND(_cond_wait_cancel);

#define CHECK_COND2(cond_op) \
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, cond_op, (cond_t *cv, mutex_t *mu, timestruc_t* ts), (cv, mu, ts), CHECK_MU;CHECK_CV);

CHECK_COND2( cond_timedwait);
CHECK_COND2(_cond_timedwait);
CHECK_COND2(_cond_timedwait_cancel);

// do the _lwp_* versions too
#define mutex_t lwp_mutex_t
#define cond_t  lwp_cond_t
CHECK_MUTEX(  _lwp_mutex_lock)
CHECK_MUTEX(  _lwp_mutex_unlock)
CHECK_MUTEX(  _lwp_mutex_trylock)
CHECK_MUTEX( __lwp_mutex_lock)
CHECK_MUTEX( __lwp_mutex_unlock)
CHECK_MUTEX( __lwp_mutex_trylock)
CHECK_MUTEX(___lwp_mutex_lock)
CHECK_MUTEX(___lwp_mutex_unlock)

CHECK_COND(  _lwp_cond_wait);
CHECK_COND( __lwp_cond_wait);
CHECK_COND(___lwp_cond_wait);

CHECK_COND2(  _lwp_cond_timedwait);
CHECK_COND2( __lwp_cond_timedwait);
#undef mutex_t
#undef cond_t

CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, _lwp_suspend2,       (int lwp, int *n), (lwp, n), 0);
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int,__lwp_suspend2,       (int lwp, int *n), (lwp, n), 0);
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, _lwp_kill,           (int lwp, int n),  (lwp, n), 0);
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int,__lwp_kill,           (int lwp, int n),  (lwp, n), 0);
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, _lwp_sema_wait,      (lwp_sema_t* p),   (p),  CHECK_P(p));
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int,__lwp_sema_wait,      (lwp_sema_t* p),   (p),  CHECK_P(p));
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int, _lwp_cond_broadcast, (lwp_cond_t* cv),  (cv), CHECK_CV);
CHECK_SYNCH_OP(int,__lwp_cond_broadcast, (lwp_cond_t* cv),  (cv), CHECK_CV);


// recording machinery:

enum { RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT = 200 };
char* record_synch_name[RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT];
void* record_synch_arg0ptr[RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT];
bool record_synch_returning[RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT];
thread_t record_synch_thread[RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT];
int record_synch_count = 0;
bool record_synch_enabled = false;

// in dbx, examine recorded data this way:
// for n in name arg0ptr returning thread; do print record_synch_$n[0..record_synch_count-1]; done

void record_synch(char* name, bool returning) {
  if (record_synch_enabled) {
    if (record_synch_count < RECORD_SYNCH_LIMIT) {
      record_synch_name[record_synch_count] = name;
      record_synch_returning[record_synch_count] = returning;
      record_synch_thread[record_synch_count] = thr_self();
      record_synch_arg0ptr[record_synch_count] = &name;
      record_synch_count++;
    }
    // put more checking code here:
    // ...
  }
}

void record_synch_enable() {
  // start collecting trace data, if not already doing so
  if (!record_synch_enabled)  record_synch_count = 0;
  record_synch_enabled = true;
}

void record_synch_disable() {
  // stop collecting trace data
  record_synch_enabled = false;
}

#endif // INTERPOSE_ON_SYSTEM_SYNCH_FUNCTIONS
#endif // PRODUCT

const intptr_t thr_time_off  = (intptr_t)(&((prusage_t *)(NULL))->pr_utime);
const intptr_t thr_time_size = (intptr_t)(&((prusage_t *)(NULL))->pr_ttime) -
                               (intptr_t)(&((prusage_t *)(NULL))->pr_utime);


// JVMTI & JVM monitoring and management support
// The thread_cpu_time() and current_thread_cpu_time() are only
// supported if is_thread_cpu_time_supported() returns true.
// They are not supported on Solaris T1.

// current_thread_cpu_time(bool) and thread_cpu_time(Thread*, bool)
// are used by JVM M&M and JVMTI to get user+sys or user CPU time
// of a thread.
//
// current_thread_cpu_time() and thread_cpu_time(Thread *)
// returns the fast estimate available on the platform.

// hrtime_t gethrvtime() return value includes
// user time but does not include system time
jlong os::current_thread_cpu_time() {
  return (jlong) gethrvtime();
}

jlong os::thread_cpu_time(Thread *thread) {
  // return user level CPU time only to be consistent with
  // what current_thread_cpu_time returns.
  // thread_cpu_time_info() must be changed if this changes
  return os::thread_cpu_time(thread, false /* user time only */);
}

jlong os::current_thread_cpu_time(bool user_sys_cpu_time) {
  if (user_sys_cpu_time) {
    return os::thread_cpu_time(Thread::current(), user_sys_cpu_time);
  } else {
    return os::current_thread_cpu_time();
  }
}

jlong os::thread_cpu_time(Thread *thread, bool user_sys_cpu_time) {
  char proc_name[64];
  int count;
  prusage_t prusage;
  jlong lwp_time;
  int fd;

  sprintf(proc_name, "/proc/%d/lwp/%d/lwpusage",
                     getpid(),
                     thread->osthread()->lwp_id());
  fd = ::open(proc_name, O_RDONLY);
  if ( fd == -1 ) return -1;

  do {
    count = ::pread(fd,
                  (void *)&prusage.pr_utime,
                  thr_time_size,
                  thr_time_off);
  } while (count < 0 && errno == EINTR);
  ::close(fd);
  if ( count < 0 ) return -1;

  if (user_sys_cpu_time) {
    // user + system CPU time
    lwp_time = (((jlong)prusage.pr_stime.tv_sec +
                 (jlong)prusage.pr_utime.tv_sec) * (jlong)1000000000) +
                 (jlong)prusage.pr_stime.tv_nsec +
                 (jlong)prusage.pr_utime.tv_nsec;
  } else {
    // user level CPU time only
    lwp_time = ((jlong)prusage.pr_utime.tv_sec * (jlong)1000000000) +
                (jlong)prusage.pr_utime.tv_nsec;
  }

  return(lwp_time);
}

void os::current_thread_cpu_time_info(jvmtiTimerInfo *info_ptr) {
  info_ptr->max_value = ALL_64_BITS;      // will not wrap in less than 64 bits
  info_ptr->may_skip_backward = false;    // elapsed time not wall time
  info_ptr->may_skip_forward = false;     // elapsed time not wall time
  info_ptr->kind = JVMTI_TIMER_USER_CPU;  // only user time is returned
}

void os::thread_cpu_time_info(jvmtiTimerInfo *info_ptr) {
  info_ptr->max_value = ALL_64_BITS;      // will not wrap in less than 64 bits
  info_ptr->may_skip_backward = false;    // elapsed time not wall time
  info_ptr->may_skip_forward = false;     // elapsed time not wall time
  info_ptr->kind = JVMTI_TIMER_USER_CPU;  // only user time is returned
}

bool os::is_thread_cpu_time_supported() {
  if ( os::Solaris::T2_libthread() || UseBoundThreads ) {
    return true;
  } else {
    return false;
  }
}

// System loadavg support.  Returns -1 if load average cannot be obtained.
// Return the load average for our processor set if the primitive exists
// (Solaris 9 and later).  Otherwise just return system wide loadavg.
int os::loadavg(double loadavg[], int nelem) {
  if (pset_getloadavg_ptr != NULL) {
    return (*pset_getloadavg_ptr)(PS_MYID, loadavg, nelem);
  } else {
    return ::getloadavg(loadavg, nelem);
  }
}

//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

bool os::find(address addr, outputStream* st) {
  Dl_info dlinfo;
  memset(&dlinfo, 0, sizeof(dlinfo));
  if (dladdr(addr, &dlinfo) != 0) {
    st->print(PTR_FORMAT ": ", addr);
    if (dlinfo.dli_sname != NULL && dlinfo.dli_saddr != NULL) {
      st->print("%s+%#lx", dlinfo.dli_sname, addr-(intptr_t)dlinfo.dli_saddr);
    } else if (dlinfo.dli_fbase != NULL)
      st->print("<offset %#lx>", addr-(intptr_t)dlinfo.dli_fbase);
    else
      st->print("<absolute address>");
    if (dlinfo.dli_fname != NULL) {
      st->print(" in %s", dlinfo.dli_fname);
    }
    if (dlinfo.dli_fbase != NULL) {
      st->print(" at " PTR_FORMAT, dlinfo.dli_fbase);
    }
    st->cr();

    if (Verbose) {
      // decode some bytes around the PC
      address begin = clamp_address_in_page(addr-40, addr, os::vm_page_size());
      address end   = clamp_address_in_page(addr+40, addr, os::vm_page_size());
      address       lowest = (address) dlinfo.dli_sname;
      if (!lowest)  lowest = (address) dlinfo.dli_fbase;
      if (begin < lowest)  begin = lowest;
      Dl_info dlinfo2;
      if (dladdr(end, &dlinfo2) != 0 && dlinfo2.dli_saddr != dlinfo.dli_saddr
          && end > dlinfo2.dli_saddr && dlinfo2.dli_saddr > begin)
        end = (address) dlinfo2.dli_saddr;
      Disassembler::decode(begin, end, st);
    }
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

// Following function has been added to support HotSparc's libjvm.so running
// under Solaris production JDK 1.2.2 / 1.3.0.  These came from
// src/solaris/hpi/native_threads in the EVM codebase.
//
// NOTE: This is no longer needed in the 1.3.1 and 1.4 production release
// libraries and should thus be removed. We will leave it behind for a while
// until we no longer want to able to run on top of 1.3.0 Solaris production
// JDK. See 4341971.

#define STACK_SLACK 0x800

extern "C" {
  intptr_t sysThreadAvailableStackWithSlack() {
    stack_t st;
    intptr_t retval, stack_top;
    retval = thr_stksegment(&st);
    assert(retval == 0, "incorrect return value from thr_stksegment");
    assert((address)&st < (address)st.ss_sp, "Invalid stack base returned");
    assert((address)&st > (address)st.ss_sp-st.ss_size, "Invalid stack size returned");
    stack_top=(intptr_t)st.ss_sp-st.ss_size;
    return ((intptr_t)&stack_top - stack_top - STACK_SLACK);
  }
}

// ObjectMonitor park-unpark infrastructure ...
//
// We implement Solaris and Linux PlatformEvents with the
// obvious condvar-mutex-flag triple.
// Another alternative that works quite well is pipes:
// Each PlatformEvent consists of a pipe-pair.
// The thread associated with the PlatformEvent
// calls park(), which reads from the input end of the pipe.
// Unpark() writes into the other end of the pipe.
// The write-side of the pipe must be set NDELAY.
// Unfortunately pipes consume a large # of handles.
// Native solaris lwp_park() and lwp_unpark() work nicely, too.
// Using pipes for the 1st few threads might be workable, however.
//
// park() is permitted to return spuriously.
// Callers of park() should wrap the call to park() in
// an appropriate loop.  A litmus test for the correct
// usage of park is the following: if park() were modified
// to immediately return 0 your code should still work,
// albeit degenerating to a spin loop.
//
// An interesting optimization for park() is to use a trylock()
// to attempt to acquire the mutex.  If the trylock() fails
// then we know that a concurrent unpark() operation is in-progress.
// in that case the park() code could simply set _count to 0
// and return immediately.  The subsequent park() operation *might*
// return immediately.  That's harmless as the caller of park() is
// expected to loop.  By using trylock() we will have avoided a
// avoided a context switch caused by contention on the per-thread mutex.
//
// TODO-FIXME:
// 1.  Reconcile Doug's JSR166 j.u.c park-unpark with the
//     objectmonitor implementation.
// 2.  Collapse the JSR166 parker event, and the
//     objectmonitor ParkEvent into a single "Event" construct.
// 3.  In park() and unpark() add:
//     assert (Thread::current() == AssociatedWith).
// 4.  add spurious wakeup injection on a -XX:EarlyParkReturn=N switch.
//     1-out-of-N park() operations will return immediately.
//
// _Event transitions in park()
//   -1 => -1 : illegal
//    1 =>  0 : pass - return immediately
//    0 => -1 : block
//
// _Event serves as a restricted-range semaphore.
//
// Another possible encoding of _Event would be with
// explicit "PARKED" == 01b and "SIGNALED" == 10b bits.
//
// TODO-FIXME: add DTRACE probes for:
// 1.   Tx parks
// 2.   Ty unparks Tx
// 3.   Tx resumes from park


// value determined through experimentation
#define ROUNDINGFIX 11

// utility to compute the abstime argument to timedwait.
// TODO-FIXME: switch from compute_abstime() to unpackTime().

static timestruc_t* compute_abstime(timestruc_t* abstime, jlong millis) {
  // millis is the relative timeout time
  // abstime will be the absolute timeout time
  if (millis < 0)  millis = 0;
  struct timeval now;
  int status = gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
  assert(status == 0, "gettimeofday");
  jlong seconds = millis / 1000;
  jlong max_wait_period;

  if (UseLWPSynchronization) {
    // forward port of fix for 4275818 (not sleeping long enough)
    // There was a bug in Solaris 6, 7 and pre-patch 5 of 8 where
    // _lwp_cond_timedwait() used a round_down algorithm rather
    // than a round_up. For millis less than our roundfactor
    // it rounded down to 0 which doesn't meet the spec.
    // For millis > roundfactor we may return a bit sooner, but
    // since we can not accurately identify the patch level and
    // this has already been fixed in Solaris 9 and 8 we will
    // leave it alone rather than always rounding down.

    if (millis > 0 && millis < ROUNDINGFIX) millis = ROUNDINGFIX;
       // It appears that when we go directly through Solaris _lwp_cond_timedwait()
           // the acceptable max time threshold is smaller than for libthread on 2.5.1 and 2.6
           max_wait_period = 21000000;
  } else {
    max_wait_period = 50000000;
  }
  millis %= 1000;
  if (seconds > max_wait_period) {      // see man cond_timedwait(3T)
     seconds = max_wait_period;
  }
  abstime->tv_sec = now.tv_sec  + seconds;
  long       usec = now.tv_usec + millis * 1000;
  if (usec >= 1000000) {
    abstime->tv_sec += 1;
    usec -= 1000000;
  }
  abstime->tv_nsec = usec * 1000;
  return abstime;
}

// Test-and-clear _Event, always leaves _Event set to 0, returns immediately.
// Conceptually TryPark() should be equivalent to park(0).

int os::PlatformEvent::TryPark() {
  for (;;) {
    const int v = _Event ;
    guarantee ((v == 0) || (v == 1), "invariant") ;
    if (Atomic::cmpxchg (0, &_Event, v) == v) return v  ;
  }
}

void os::PlatformEvent::park() {           // AKA: down()
  // Invariant: Only the thread associated with the Event/PlatformEvent
  // may call park().
  int v ;
  for (;;) {
      v = _Event ;
      if (Atomic::cmpxchg (v-1, &_Event, v) == v) break ;
  }
  guarantee (v >= 0, "invariant") ;
  if (v == 0) {
     // Do this the hard way by blocking ...
     // See http://monaco.sfbay/detail.jsf?cr=5094058.
     // TODO-FIXME: for Solaris SPARC set fprs.FEF=0 prior to parking.
     // Only for SPARC >= V8PlusA
#if defined(__sparc) && defined(COMPILER2)
     if (ClearFPUAtPark) { _mark_fpu_nosave() ; }
#endif
     int status = os::Solaris::mutex_lock(_mutex);
     assert_status(status == 0, status,  "mutex_lock");
     guarantee (_nParked == 0, "invariant") ;
     ++ _nParked ;
     while (_Event < 0) {
        // for some reason, under 2.7 lwp_cond_wait() may return ETIME ...
        // Treat this the same as if the wait was interrupted
        // With usr/lib/lwp going to kernel, always handle ETIME
        status = os::Solaris::cond_wait(_cond, _mutex);
        if (status == ETIME) status = EINTR ;
        assert_status(status == 0 || status == EINTR, status, "cond_wait");
     }
     -- _nParked ;
     _Event = 0 ;
     status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock(_mutex);
     assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_unlock");
    // Paranoia to ensure our locked and lock-free paths interact
    // correctly with each other.
    OrderAccess::fence();
  }
}

int os::PlatformEvent::park(jlong millis) {
  guarantee (_nParked == 0, "invariant") ;
  int v ;
  for (;;) {
      v = _Event ;
      if (Atomic::cmpxchg (v-1, &_Event, v) == v) break ;
  }
  guarantee (v >= 0, "invariant") ;
  if (v != 0) return OS_OK ;

  int ret = OS_TIMEOUT;
  timestruc_t abst;
  compute_abstime (&abst, millis);

  // See http://monaco.sfbay/detail.jsf?cr=5094058.
  // For Solaris SPARC set fprs.FEF=0 prior to parking.
  // Only for SPARC >= V8PlusA
#if defined(__sparc) && defined(COMPILER2)
 if (ClearFPUAtPark) { _mark_fpu_nosave() ; }
#endif
  int status = os::Solaris::mutex_lock(_mutex);
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_lock");
  guarantee (_nParked == 0, "invariant") ;
  ++ _nParked ;
  while (_Event < 0) {
     int status = os::Solaris::cond_timedwait(_cond, _mutex, &abst);
     assert_status(status == 0 || status == EINTR ||
                   status == ETIME || status == ETIMEDOUT,
                   status, "cond_timedwait");
     if (!FilterSpuriousWakeups) break ;                // previous semantics
     if (status == ETIME || status == ETIMEDOUT) break ;
     // We consume and ignore EINTR and spurious wakeups.
  }
  -- _nParked ;
  if (_Event >= 0) ret = OS_OK ;
  _Event = 0 ;
  status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock(_mutex);
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_unlock");
  // Paranoia to ensure our locked and lock-free paths interact
  // correctly with each other.
  OrderAccess::fence();
  return ret;
}

void os::PlatformEvent::unpark() {
  // Transitions for _Event:
  //    0 :=> 1
  //    1 :=> 1
  //   -1 :=> either 0 or 1; must signal target thread
  //          That is, we can safely transition _Event from -1 to either
  //          0 or 1. Forcing 1 is slightly more efficient for back-to-back
  //          unpark() calls.
  // See also: "Semaphores in Plan 9" by Mullender & Cox
  //
  // Note: Forcing a transition from "-1" to "1" on an unpark() means
  // that it will take two back-to-back park() calls for the owning
  // thread to block. This has the benefit of forcing a spurious return
  // from the first park() call after an unpark() call which will help
  // shake out uses of park() and unpark() without condition variables.

  if (Atomic::xchg(1, &_Event) >= 0) return;

  // If the thread associated with the event was parked, wake it.
  // Wait for the thread assoc with the PlatformEvent to vacate.
  int status = os::Solaris::mutex_lock(_mutex);
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_lock");
  int AnyWaiters = _nParked;
  status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock(_mutex);
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_unlock");
  guarantee(AnyWaiters == 0 || AnyWaiters == 1, "invariant");
  if (AnyWaiters != 0) {
    // We intentional signal *after* dropping the lock
    // to avoid a common class of futile wakeups.
    status = os::Solaris::cond_signal(_cond);
    assert_status(status == 0, status, "cond_signal");
  }
}

// JSR166
// -------------------------------------------------------

/*
 * The solaris and linux implementations of park/unpark are fairly
 * conservative for now, but can be improved. They currently use a
 * mutex/condvar pair, plus _counter.
 * Park decrements _counter if > 0, else does a condvar wait.  Unpark
 * sets count to 1 and signals condvar.  Only one thread ever waits
 * on the condvar. Contention seen when trying to park implies that someone
 * is unparking you, so don't wait. And spurious returns are fine, so there
 * is no need to track notifications.
 */

#define MAX_SECS 100000000
/*
 * This code is common to linux and solaris and will be moved to a
 * common place in dolphin.
 *
 * The passed in time value is either a relative time in nanoseconds
 * or an absolute time in milliseconds. Either way it has to be unpacked
 * into suitable seconds and nanoseconds components and stored in the
 * given timespec structure.
 * Given time is a 64-bit value and the time_t used in the timespec is only
 * a signed-32-bit value (except on 64-bit Linux) we have to watch for
 * overflow if times way in the future are given. Further on Solaris versions
 * prior to 10 there is a restriction (see cond_timedwait) that the specified
 * number of seconds, in abstime, is less than current_time  + 100,000,000.
 * As it will be 28 years before "now + 100000000" will overflow we can
 * ignore overflow and just impose a hard-limit on seconds using the value
 * of "now + 100,000,000". This places a limit on the timeout of about 3.17
 * years from "now".
 */
static void unpackTime(timespec* absTime, bool isAbsolute, jlong time) {
  assert (time > 0, "convertTime");

  struct timeval now;
  int status = gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
  assert(status == 0, "gettimeofday");

  time_t max_secs = now.tv_sec + MAX_SECS;

  if (isAbsolute) {
    jlong secs = time / 1000;
    if (secs > max_secs) {
      absTime->tv_sec = max_secs;
    }
    else {
      absTime->tv_sec = secs;
    }
    absTime->tv_nsec = (time % 1000) * NANOSECS_PER_MILLISEC;
  }
  else {
    jlong secs = time / NANOSECS_PER_SEC;
    if (secs >= MAX_SECS) {
      absTime->tv_sec = max_secs;
      absTime->tv_nsec = 0;
    }
    else {
      absTime->tv_sec = now.tv_sec + secs;
      absTime->tv_nsec = (time % NANOSECS_PER_SEC) + now.tv_usec*1000;
      if (absTime->tv_nsec >= NANOSECS_PER_SEC) {
        absTime->tv_nsec -= NANOSECS_PER_SEC;
        ++absTime->tv_sec; // note: this must be <= max_secs
      }
    }
  }
  assert(absTime->tv_sec >= 0, "tv_sec < 0");
  assert(absTime->tv_sec <= max_secs, "tv_sec > max_secs");
  assert(absTime->tv_nsec >= 0, "tv_nsec < 0");
  assert(absTime->tv_nsec < NANOSECS_PER_SEC, "tv_nsec >= nanos_per_sec");
}

void Parker::park(bool isAbsolute, jlong time) {
  // Ideally we'd do something useful while spinning, such
  // as calling unpackTime().

  // Optional fast-path check:
  // Return immediately if a permit is available.
  // We depend on Atomic::xchg() having full barrier semantics
  // since we are doing a lock-free update to _counter.
  if (Atomic::xchg(0, &_counter) > 0) return;

  // Optional fast-exit: Check interrupt before trying to wait
  Thread* thread = Thread::current();
  assert(thread->is_Java_thread(), "Must be JavaThread");
  JavaThread *jt = (JavaThread *)thread;
  if (Thread::is_interrupted(thread, false)) {
    return;
  }

  // First, demultiplex/decode time arguments
  timespec absTime;
  if (time < 0 || (isAbsolute && time == 0) ) { // don't wait at all
    return;
  }
  if (time > 0) {
    // Warning: this code might be exposed to the old Solaris time
    // round-down bugs.  Grep "roundingFix" for details.
    unpackTime(&absTime, isAbsolute, time);
  }

  // Enter safepoint region
  // Beware of deadlocks such as 6317397.
  // The per-thread Parker:: _mutex is a classic leaf-lock.
  // In particular a thread must never block on the Threads_lock while
  // holding the Parker:: mutex.  If safepoints are pending both the
  // the ThreadBlockInVM() CTOR and DTOR may grab Threads_lock.
  ThreadBlockInVM tbivm(jt);

  // Don't wait if cannot get lock since interference arises from
  // unblocking.  Also. check interrupt before trying wait
  if (Thread::is_interrupted(thread, false) ||
      os::Solaris::mutex_trylock(_mutex) != 0) {
    return;
  }

  int status ;

  if (_counter > 0)  { // no wait needed
    _counter = 0;
    status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock(_mutex);
    assert (status == 0, "invariant") ;
    // Paranoia to ensure our locked and lock-free paths interact
    // correctly with each other and Java-level accesses.
    OrderAccess::fence();
    return;
  }

#ifdef ASSERT
  // Don't catch signals while blocked; let the running threads have the signals.
  // (This allows a debugger to break into the running thread.)
  sigset_t oldsigs;
  sigset_t* allowdebug_blocked = os::Solaris::allowdebug_blocked_signals();
  thr_sigsetmask(SIG_BLOCK, allowdebug_blocked, &oldsigs);
#endif

  OSThreadWaitState osts(thread->osthread(), false /* not Object.wait() */);
  jt->set_suspend_equivalent();
  // cleared by handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition() or java_suspend_self()

  // Do this the hard way by blocking ...
  // See http://monaco.sfbay/detail.jsf?cr=5094058.
  // TODO-FIXME: for Solaris SPARC set fprs.FEF=0 prior to parking.
  // Only for SPARC >= V8PlusA
#if defined(__sparc) && defined(COMPILER2)
  if (ClearFPUAtPark) { _mark_fpu_nosave() ; }
#endif

  if (time == 0) {
    status = os::Solaris::cond_wait (_cond, _mutex) ;
  } else {
    status = os::Solaris::cond_timedwait (_cond, _mutex, &absTime);
  }
  // Note that an untimed cond_wait() can sometimes return ETIME on older
  // versions of the Solaris.
  assert_status(status == 0 || status == EINTR ||
                status == ETIME || status == ETIMEDOUT,
                status, "cond_timedwait");

#ifdef ASSERT
  thr_sigsetmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oldsigs, NULL);
#endif
  _counter = 0 ;
  status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock(_mutex);
  assert_status(status == 0, status, "mutex_unlock") ;
  // Paranoia to ensure our locked and lock-free paths interact
  // correctly with each other and Java-level accesses.
  OrderAccess::fence();

  // If externally suspended while waiting, re-suspend
  if (jt->handle_special_suspend_equivalent_condition()) {
    jt->java_suspend_self();
  }
}

void Parker::unpark() {
  int s, status ;
  status = os::Solaris::mutex_lock (_mutex) ;
  assert (status == 0, "invariant") ;
  s = _counter;
  _counter = 1;
  status = os::Solaris::mutex_unlock (_mutex) ;
  assert (status == 0, "invariant") ;

  if (s < 1) {
    status = os::Solaris::cond_signal (_cond) ;
    assert (status == 0, "invariant") ;
  }
}

extern char** environ;

// Run the specified command in a separate process. Return its exit value,
// or -1 on failure (e.g. can't fork a new process).
// Unlike system(), this function can be called from signal handler. It
// doesn't block SIGINT et al.
int os::fork_and_exec(char* cmd) {
  char * argv[4];
  argv[0] = (char *)"sh";
  argv[1] = (char *)"-c";
  argv[2] = cmd;
  argv[3] = NULL;

  // fork is async-safe, fork1 is not so can't use in signal handler
  pid_t pid;
  Thread* t = ThreadLocalStorage::get_thread_slow();
  if (t != NULL && t->is_inside_signal_handler()) {
    pid = fork();
  } else {
    pid = fork1();
  }

  if (pid < 0) {
    // fork failed
    warning("fork failed: %s", strerror(errno));
    return -1;

  } else if (pid == 0) {
    // child process

    // try to be consistent with system(), which uses "/usr/bin/sh" on Solaris
    execve("/usr/bin/sh", argv, environ);

    // execve failed
    _exit(-1);

  } else  {
    // copied from J2SE ..._waitForProcessExit() in UNIXProcess_md.c; we don't
    // care about the actual exit code, for now.

    int status;

    // Wait for the child process to exit.  This returns immediately if
    // the child has already exited. */
    while (waitpid(pid, &status, 0) < 0) {
        switch (errno) {
        case ECHILD: return 0;
        case EINTR: break;
        default: return -1;
        }
    }

    if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
       // The child exited normally; get its exit code.
       return WEXITSTATUS(status);
    } else if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
       // The child exited because of a signal
       // The best value to return is 0x80 + signal number,
       // because that is what all Unix shells do, and because
       // it allows callers to distinguish between process exit and
       // process death by signal.
       return 0x80 + WTERMSIG(status);
    } else {
       // Unknown exit code; pass it through
       return status;
    }
  }
}

// is_headless_jre()
//
// Test for the existence of xawt/libmawt.so or libawt_xawt.so
// in order to report if we are running in a headless jre
//
// Since JDK8 xawt/libmawt.so was moved into the same directory
// as libawt.so, and renamed libawt_xawt.so
//
bool os::is_headless_jre() {
    struct stat statbuf;
    char buf[MAXPATHLEN];
    char libmawtpath[MAXPATHLEN];
    const char *xawtstr  = "/xawt/libmawt.so";
    const char *new_xawtstr = "/libawt_xawt.so";
    char *p;

    // Get path to libjvm.so
    os::jvm_path(buf, sizeof(buf));

    // Get rid of libjvm.so
    p = strrchr(buf, '/');
    if (p == NULL) return false;
    else *p = '\0';

    // Get rid of client or server
    p = strrchr(buf, '/');
    if (p == NULL) return false;
    else *p = '\0';

    // check xawt/libmawt.so
    strcpy(libmawtpath, buf);
    strcat(libmawtpath, xawtstr);
    if (::stat(libmawtpath, &statbuf) == 0) return false;

    // check libawt_xawt.so
    strcpy(libmawtpath, buf);
    strcat(libmawtpath, new_xawtstr);
    if (::stat(libmawtpath, &statbuf) == 0) return false;

    return true;
}

size_t os::write(int fd, const void *buf, unsigned int nBytes) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT(::write(fd, buf, nBytes), os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::close(int fd) {
  return ::close(fd);
}

int os::socket_close(int fd) {
  return ::close(fd);
}

int os::recv(int fd, char* buf, size_t nBytes, uint flags) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT((int)::recv(fd, buf, nBytes, flags), os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::send(int fd, char* buf, size_t nBytes, uint flags) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT((int)::send(fd, buf, nBytes, flags), os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::raw_send(int fd, char* buf, size_t nBytes, uint flags) {
  RESTARTABLE_RETURN_INT((int)::send(fd, buf, nBytes, flags));
}

// As both poll and select can be interrupted by signals, we have to be
// prepared to restart the system call after updating the timeout, unless
// a poll() is done with timeout == -1, in which case we repeat with this
// "wait forever" value.

int os::timeout(int fd, long timeout) {
  int res;
  struct timeval t;
  julong prevtime, newtime;
  static const char* aNull = 0;
  struct pollfd pfd;
  pfd.fd = fd;
  pfd.events = POLLIN;

  gettimeofday(&t, &aNull);
  prevtime = ((julong)t.tv_sec * 1000)  +  t.tv_usec / 1000;

  for(;;) {
    INTERRUPTIBLE_NORESTART(::poll(&pfd, 1, timeout), res, os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
    if(res == OS_ERR && errno == EINTR) {
        if(timeout != -1) {
          gettimeofday(&t, &aNull);
          newtime = ((julong)t.tv_sec * 1000)  +  t.tv_usec /1000;
          timeout -= newtime - prevtime;
          if(timeout <= 0)
            return OS_OK;
          prevtime = newtime;
        }
    } else return res;
  }
}

int os::connect(int fd, struct sockaddr *him, socklen_t len) {
  int _result;
  INTERRUPTIBLE_NORESTART(::connect(fd, him, len), _result,\
                          os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);

  // Depending on when thread interruption is reset, _result could be
  // one of two values when errno == EINTR

  if (((_result == OS_INTRPT) || (_result == OS_ERR))
      && (errno == EINTR)) {
     /* restarting a connect() changes its errno semantics */
     INTERRUPTIBLE(::connect(fd, him, len), _result,\
                   os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
     /* undo these changes */
     if (_result == OS_ERR) {
       if (errno == EALREADY) {
         errno = EINPROGRESS; /* fall through */
       } else if (errno == EISCONN) {
         errno = 0;
         return OS_OK;
       }
     }
   }
   return _result;
 }

int os::accept(int fd, struct sockaddr* him, socklen_t* len) {
  if (fd < 0) {
    return OS_ERR;
  }
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT((int)::accept(fd, him, len),\
                           os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::recvfrom(int fd, char* buf, size_t nBytes, uint flags,
                 sockaddr* from, socklen_t* fromlen) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT((int)::recvfrom(fd, buf, nBytes, flags, from, fromlen),\
                           os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::sendto(int fd, char* buf, size_t len, uint flags,
               struct sockaddr* to, socklen_t tolen) {
  INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT((int)::sendto(fd, buf, len, flags, to, tolen),\
                           os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

int os::socket_available(int fd, jint *pbytes) {
  if (fd < 0) {
    return OS_OK;
  }
  int ret;
  RESTARTABLE(::ioctl(fd, FIONREAD, pbytes), ret);
  // note: ioctl can return 0 when successful, JVM_SocketAvailable
  // is expected to return 0 on failure and 1 on success to the jdk.
  return (ret == OS_ERR) ? 0 : 1;
}

int os::bind(int fd, struct sockaddr* him, socklen_t len) {
   INTERRUPTIBLE_RETURN_INT_NORESTART(::bind(fd, him, len),\
                                      os::Solaris::clear_interrupted);
}

// Get the default path to the core file
// Returns the length of the string
int os::get_core_path(char* buffer, size_t bufferSize) {
  const char* p = get_current_directory(buffer, bufferSize);

  if (p == NULL) {
    assert(p != NULL, "failed to get current directory");
    return 0;
  }

  return strlen(buffer);
}

#ifndef PRODUCT
void TestReserveMemorySpecial_test() {
  // No tests available for this platform
}
#endif