annotate test/sun/util/calendar/zi/tzdata/africa @ 10287:9c926f0dd726

8064560: (tz) Support tzdata2014j Reviewed-by: okutsu
author aefimov
date Mon, 24 Nov 2014 19:53:12 +0300
parents a89c75ba7881
children dc24d209f80a
rev   line source
sherman@6548 1 #
sherman@6548 2 # DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
sherman@7858 3 #
sherman@6548 4 # This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
sherman@6548 5 # under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
sherman@6548 6 # published by the Free Software Foundation. Oracle designates this
sherman@6548 7 # particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
sherman@6548 8 # by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
sherman@7858 9 #
sherman@6548 10 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
sherman@6548 11 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
sherman@6548 12 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
sherman@6548 13 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
sherman@6548 14 # accompanied this code).
sherman@7858 15 #
sherman@6548 16 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
sherman@6548 17 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
sherman@6548 18 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
sherman@7858 19 #
sherman@6548 20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
sherman@6548 21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
sherman@6548 22 # questions.
sherman@6548 23 #
sherman@6548 24 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
sherman@6548 25 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
sherman@6548 26
aefimov@9998 27 # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
sherman@6548 28 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
aefimov@9998 29 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
aefimov@9998 30 # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
sherman@6548 31
aefimov@10287 32 # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
sherman@6548 33 #
aefimov@10287 34 # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
sherman@6548 35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
sherman@6548 36 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
aefimov@10287 37 # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
sherman@6548 38 #
sherman@6548 39 # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
sherman@6548 40 # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
sherman@6548 41 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
sherman@6548 42 # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
aefimov@10287 43 # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
aefimov@10287 44 # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
sherman@6548 45 #
sherman@6548 46 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
sherman@6548 47 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
sherman@6548 48 # I found in the UCLA library.
sherman@6548 49 #
sherman@7128 50 # For data circa 1899, a common source is:
aefimov@9998 51 # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
aefimov@9998 52 # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
sherman@7128 53 #
sherman@6548 54 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
sherman@6548 55 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
sherman@6548 56 #
sherman@6548 57 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
sherman@6548 58 # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
sherman@6548 59 # but Mark R V Murray reports that
aefimov@9998 60 # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
aefimov@9998 61 # 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
aefimov@9998 62 # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
aefimov@9998 63 # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
aefimov@9998 64 # He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference.
sherman@6548 65 #
aefimov@9998 66 # To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
sherman@6548 67 # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
sherman@6548 68 # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
sherman@6548 69 # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
sherman@6548 70 # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
sherman@6548 71 #
sherman@6548 72 # To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
sherman@6548 73 # -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
sherman@6548 74 # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
sherman@6548 75 # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
sherman@6548 76 # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
sherman@6548 77 # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
sherman@6548 78 # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
aefimov@9998 79 # I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
sherman@6548 80 # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
sherman@6548 81 # until we get more information.
sherman@6548 82 #
sherman@6548 83 # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
sherman@6548 84 # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
sherman@6548 85 # 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
sherman@6548 86 # 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
sherman@6548 87 # 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
sherman@6548 88 # 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
sherman@6548 89 # 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
sherman@6548 90
sherman@6548 91 # Algeria
sherman@6548 92 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 93 Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 94 Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 95 Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 96 Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 97 Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 98 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 99 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 100 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 101 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 102 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 103 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
sherman@6548 104 Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 105 Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 106 Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
sherman@6548 107 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 108 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 109 Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 110 Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 111 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 112 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
sherman@6548 113 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 114 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 115 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
sherman@6548 116 # more precise 0:09:21.
sherman@6548 117 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 118 Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
aefimov@9998 119 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
aefimov@9998 120 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
sherman@6548 121 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
sherman@6548 122 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
sherman@6548 123 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
sherman@6548 124 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
sherman@6548 125 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
sherman@6548 126 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
sherman@6548 127 1:00 - CET
sherman@6548 128
sherman@6548 129 # Angola
sherman@6548 130 # Benin
aefimov@9998 131 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 132
sherman@6548 133 # Botswana
aefimov@10287 134 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@6548 135
sherman@6548 136 # Burkina Faso
aefimov@9998 137 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 138
sherman@6548 139 # Burundi
aefimov@10287 140 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@6548 141
sherman@6548 142 # Cameroon
aefimov@9998 143 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 144
sherman@6548 145 # Cape Verde
aefimov@9998 146 #
aefimov@9998 147 # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT.
aefimov@9998 148 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
aefimov@9998 149 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@9998 150 # merely made it official?
aefimov@9998 151 #
sherman@6548 152 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 153 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
sherman@6548 154 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
sherman@6548 155 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
aefimov@9998 156 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
sherman@6548 157 -1:00 - CVT
sherman@6548 158
sherman@6548 159 # Central African Republic
aefimov@9998 160 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 161
sherman@6548 162 # Chad
sherman@6548 163 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 164 Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
sherman@6548 165 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
sherman@6548 166 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
sherman@6548 167 1:00 - WAT
sherman@6548 168
sherman@6548 169 # Comoros
aefimov@10287 170 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 171
aefimov@9998 172 # Democratic Republic of the Congo
aefimov@10287 173 # See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
sherman@6548 174
sherman@6548 175 # Republic of the Congo
aefimov@9998 176 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 177
aefimov@9998 178 # Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
sherman@6548 179 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 180 Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
sherman@6548 181 0:00 - GMT
aefimov@9998 182 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
aefimov@9998 183 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
aefimov@9998 184 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
aefimov@9998 185 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
aefimov@9998 186 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
aefimov@9998 187 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
aefimov@9998 188 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
aefimov@9998 189 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
aefimov@9998 190 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe
aefimov@9998 191 Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
sherman@6548 192
sherman@6548 193 # Djibouti
aefimov@10287 194 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 195
sherman@6548 196 ###############################################################################
sherman@6548 197
sherman@6548 198 # Egypt
sherman@6548 199
sherman@7128 200 # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
sherman@7128 201 # observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
sherman@7128 202 # Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
sherman@7128 203 # did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
sherman@7128 204
sherman@6548 205 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 206 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 207 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 208 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 209 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 210 Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 211 Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 212 Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 213 Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 214 Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 215 Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 216 Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 217 Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 218 Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
sherman@6548 219 Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
sherman@6548 220 Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 221 Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 222 Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 223 Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 224 Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 225 # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
sherman@6548 226 # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
sherman@6548 227
sherman@6548 228 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
sherman@6548 229 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
sherman@6548 230 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
sherman@6548 231 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
sherman@6548 232 #
sherman@6548 233 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
sherman@6548 234 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
sherman@6548 235 # or
sherman@6548 236 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
sherman@6548 237 Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 238 Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
sherman@6548 239 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
sherman@6548 240 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
sherman@6548 241 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
sherman@6548 242 # after observing the daylight saving time since May.
sherman@6548 243 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
aefimov@9998 244 Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
sherman@6548 245 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
sherman@6548 246 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
sherman@6548 247 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
aefimov@9998 248 # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
sherman@6548 249 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
sherman@6548 250 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
sherman@6548 251 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
sherman@6548 252 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
aefimov@9998 253 Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
sherman@6548 254 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
sherman@6548 255 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
sherman@6548 256 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
sherman@6548 257 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
sherman@6548 258 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
sherman@6548 259 # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
sherman@6548 260 # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
sherman@6548 261 # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
sherman@6548 262 # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
sherman@6548 263
sherman@6548 264 # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
sherman@6548 265 # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
sherman@6548 266 #
sherman@6548 267 # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
sherman@6548 268 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@6548 269 # Apr 23
sherman@6548 270 # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
sherman@6548 271 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
sherman@6548 272 # Apr 24
sherman@6548 273 # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
sherman@6548 274 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@6548 275 # Aug 27
sherman@6548 276 # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
sherman@6548 277 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@6548 278 # Aug 27
sherman@6548 279 # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
sherman@6548 280 #
sherman@6548 281 # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
sherman@6548 282 # :59)
sherman@6548 283 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
sherman@6548 284 #
sherman@6548 285 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
sherman@6548 286 #
aefimov@9998 287 # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
aefimov@9998 288 # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
aefimov@9998 289 # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
sherman@6548 290
sherman@6548 291 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
sherman@6548 292 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
sherman@6548 293 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
sherman@6548 294 # in September.
sherman@6548 295
sherman@6548 296 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
sherman@6548 297 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
sherman@6548 298 # Information and Decision Support Center:
sherman@6548 299 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
sherman@6548 300 #
sherman@6548 301 # The Middle East News Agency
sherman@6548 302 # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
sherman@6548 303 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
sherman@6548 304 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
sherman@6548 305 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
sherman@6548 306 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
sherman@6548 307 # (at least today).
sherman@6548 308
sherman@6548 309 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
aefimov@9998 310 # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
sherman@6548 311 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
sherman@6548 312 # Ramadan.
sherman@6548 313 #
sherman@6548 314 # Arabic translation:
aefimov@9998 315 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
sherman@6548 316 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
sherman@6548 317 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
sherman@6548 318
aefimov@9580 319 # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
aefimov@9580 320 # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
aefimov@9580 321 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
aefimov@9580 322
aefimov@10287 323 # From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
aefimov@9580 324 # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
aefimov@9580 325
aefimov@9998 326 # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
aefimov@9998 327 # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
aefimov@9998 328 # in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
aefimov@9998 329 # http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
aefimov@9998 330 # [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
aefimov@9998 331 # translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
aefimov@9998 332 # take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
aefimov@9998 333 # to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
aefimov@9998 334 # and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
aefimov@9998 335 # o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
aefimov@9998 336 # reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
aefimov@9998 337 # http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
aefimov@9998 338
aefimov@9998 339 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
aefimov@9580 340 # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
aefimov@9580 341 # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
aefimov@9998 342 # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
aefimov@9998 343 # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
aefimov@9580 344 # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
aefimov@9580 345 #
aefimov@9998 346 # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use
aefimov@9998 347 # 2010's rules, and guess that Egypt will switch to standard time at
aefimov@9998 348 # 24:00 the last Thursday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 00:00 the
aefimov@9998 349 # first Friday after Ramadan. To implement this,
aefimov@9998 350 # transition dates for 2015 through 2037 were determined by running
aefimov@9998 351 # the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the results integrated
aefimov@9998 352 # by hand into the table below. Ramadan again intrudes on the guessed
aefimov@9998 353 # DST starting in 2038, but that's beyond our somewhat-arbitrary cutoff.
aefimov@9998 354 # (let ((islamic-year 1436))
aefimov@9998 355 # (while (< islamic-year 1460)
aefimov@9998 356 # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@9998 357 # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@9998 358 # (friday 5))
aefimov@9998 359 # (while (/= friday (mod a 7))
aefimov@9998 360 # (setq a (1- a)))
aefimov@9998 361 # (while (/= friday (mod b 7))
aefimov@9998 362 # (setq b (1+ b)))
aefimov@9998 363 # (setq a (1- a))
aefimov@9998 364 # (setq b (1- b))
aefimov@9998 365 # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
aefimov@9998 366 # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
aefimov@9998 367 # (insert
aefimov@9998 368 # (format
aefimov@9998 369 # (concat "Rule\tEgypt\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t0\t-\n"
aefimov@9998 370 # "Rule\tEgypt\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t1:00\tS\n")
aefimov@9998 371 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
aefimov@9998 372 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
aefimov@9998 373 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
aefimov@9998 374 Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 375 Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 376 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 377 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 378 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9580 379 Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 380 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 381 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 382 Rule Egypt 2014 max - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9580 383 Rule Egypt 2015 2019 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 384 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jun 11 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 385 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jul 23 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 386 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jun 2 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 387 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jul 7 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 388 Rule Egypt 2017 only - May 25 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 389 Rule Egypt 2017 only - Jun 29 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 390 Rule Egypt 2018 only - May 10 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 391 Rule Egypt 2018 only - Jun 14 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 392 Rule Egypt 2019 only - May 2 24:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 393 Rule Egypt 2019 only - Jun 6 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 394 Rule Egypt 2020 only - May 28 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 395 Rule Egypt 2021 only - May 13 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 396 Rule Egypt 2022 only - May 5 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9580 397 Rule Egypt 2023 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 398
sherman@6548 399 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@7128 400 Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
sherman@6548 401 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
sherman@6548 402
sherman@6548 403 # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@9998 404 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 405
sherman@6548 406 # Eritrea
sherman@6548 407 # Ethiopia
aefimov@10287 408 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 409
sherman@6548 410 # Gabon
aefimov@9998 411 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 412
sherman@6548 413 # Gambia
aefimov@9998 414 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 415
sherman@6548 416 # Ghana
sherman@6548 417 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
aefimov@9998 418 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
aefimov@9998 419 # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942;
aefimov@9998 420 # and September 1 to January 1 is given by:
aefimov@9998 421 # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book,
aefimov@9998 422 # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii.
aefimov@9998 423 # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942.
aefimov@9998 424 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
aefimov@9998 425 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
sherman@6548 426 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 427 Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
sherman@6548 428 0:00 Ghana %s
sherman@6548 429
sherman@6548 430 # Guinea
aefimov@9998 431 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 432
sherman@6548 433 # Guinea-Bissau
aefimov@9998 434 #
aefimov@9998 435 # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
aefimov@9998 436 # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
aefimov@9998 437 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@9998 438 # with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
aefimov@9998 439 #
sherman@6548 440 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 441 Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
sherman@6548 442 -1:00 - WAT 1975
sherman@6548 443 0:00 - GMT
sherman@6548 444
sherman@6548 445 # Kenya
sherman@6548 446 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 447 Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
sherman@6548 448 3:00 - EAT 1930
sherman@6548 449 2:30 - BEAT 1940
sherman@6548 450 2:45 - BEAUT 1960
sherman@6548 451 3:00 - EAT
aefimov@10287 452 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
aefimov@10287 453 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
aefimov@10287 454 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
aefimov@10287 455 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
aefimov@10287 456 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
aefimov@10287 457 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
aefimov@10287 458 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
aefimov@10287 459 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
aefimov@10287 460 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
sherman@6548 461
sherman@6548 462 # Lesotho
aefimov@10287 463 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
sherman@6548 464
sherman@6548 465 # Liberia
sherman@6548 466 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
sherman@6548 467 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
sherman@6548 468 # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
sherman@6548 469 # Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
sherman@6548 470 # Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
sherman@6548 471 # go with Shanks & Pottenger.
sherman@6548 472 # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
sherman@6548 473 # Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
sherman@6548 474 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 475 Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
sherman@6548 476 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
sherman@6548 477 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
sherman@6548 478 0:00 - GMT
sherman@6548 479
sherman@6548 480 ###############################################################################
sherman@6548 481
sherman@6548 482 # Libya
sherman@6548 483
sherman@7128 484 # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
sherman@7128 485 # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
sherman@7128 486 # http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
sherman@7128 487 # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
sherman@7128 488 #
sherman@7128 489 # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
sherman@7128 490 # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
sherman@7128 491 #
sherman@7128 492 # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
sherman@7128 493 # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
sherman@7128 494 # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
sherman@7128 495 # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
sherman@7128 496 # lastFri instead of lastSun).
sherman@7128 497
aefimov@8883 498 # From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
aefimov@8883 499 # The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
aefimov@8883 500 # cancelled yesterday....
aefimov@8883 501 # http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
aefimov@8883 502 #
aefimov@8883 503 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
aefimov@8883 504 # For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UTC+2.
aefimov@8883 505
sherman@6548 506 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 507 Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 508 Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 509 Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 510 Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 511 Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 512 Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 513 Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 514 Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 515 Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 516 Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 517 Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 518 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 519 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@7128 520 Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@7128 521 Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
aefimov@8883 522 Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
aefimov@8883 523 Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 524 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 525 Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
sherman@6548 526 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
sherman@6548 527 2:00 - EET 1982
sherman@6548 528 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
aefimov@9121 529 # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
aefimov@9998 530 # the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
sherman@6548 531 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
sherman@7128 532 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
aefimov@9998 533 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
aefimov@9998 534 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
aefimov@8883 535 2:00 - EET
sherman@6548 536
sherman@6548 537 # Madagascar
aefimov@10287 538 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 539
sherman@6548 540 # Malawi
aefimov@10287 541 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@6548 542
sherman@6548 543 # Mali
sherman@6548 544 # Mauritania
aefimov@9998 545 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 546
sherman@6548 547 # Mauritius
sherman@6548 548
sherman@6548 549 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
sherman@6548 550 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
sherman@6548 551 # basis....
sherman@6548 552 # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
sherman@6548 553 # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
sherman@6548 554 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
sherman@6548 555
sherman@6548 556 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
sherman@6548 557 # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
sherman@6548 558
sherman@6548 559 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
sherman@6548 560 # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
sherman@6548 561 # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
sherman@6548 562 # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
sherman@6548 563
sherman@6548 564 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
sherman@6548 565 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
sherman@6548 566
sherman@6548 567 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
sherman@6548 568 # According to
sherman@6548 569 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
sherman@6548 570 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
sherman@6548 571 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
sherman@6548 572 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
sherman@6548 573 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
sherman@6548 574 #
sherman@6548 575 # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
sherman@6548 576 # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
sherman@6548 577 # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
sherman@6548 578 # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
sherman@6548 579 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
sherman@6548 580 # changes two days later.
sherman@6548 581
sherman@6548 582 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
sherman@6548 583 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
aefimov@9998 584 # time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
sherman@6548 585 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
sherman@6548 586 #
sherman@6548 587 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
aefimov@9998 588 # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
aefimov@9998 589 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
sherman@6548 590 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
sherman@6548 591
sherman@6548 592 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
sherman@6548 593 # The Government of Mauritius weblink
sherman@6548 594 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
sherman@6548 595 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
sherman@6548 596 #
sherman@6548 597 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
sherman@6548 598 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
sherman@6548 599 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
sherman@6548 600 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
sherman@6548 601 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
sherman@6548 602 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
sherman@6548 603 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
aefimov@9998 604 # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
sherman@6548 605 # and end on 29 March 2009.
sherman@6548 606
sherman@6548 607 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
sherman@6548 608 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
sherman@6548 609 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
sherman@6548 610 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
sherman@6548 611 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
sherman@6548 612
sherman@6548 613 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
sherman@6548 614 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
sherman@6548 615 # DST the coming summer...
sherman@6548 616 #
sherman@6548 617 # Some sources, in French:
sherman@6548 618 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
sherman@6548 619 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
sherman@6548 620 #
sherman@6548 621 # Our wrap-up:
sherman@6548 622 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
sherman@6548 623
sherman@6548 624 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
sherman@6548 625 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
sherman@6548 626 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
sherman@6548 627 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
sherman@6548 628
sherman@6548 629 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 630 Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 631 Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 632 Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 633 Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 634 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 635 Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
sherman@6548 636 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
sherman@6548 637 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez
sherman@6548 638 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
sherman@6548 639
sherman@6548 640 # Mayotte
aefimov@10287 641 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 642
sherman@6548 643 # Morocco
aefimov@9998 644 # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
sherman@6548 645
sherman@6548 646 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
sherman@6548 647 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
sherman@6548 648 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
sherman@6548 649 #
sherman@6548 650 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
sherman@6548 651 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
aefimov@9998 652 # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
sherman@6548 653 #
sherman@6548 654 # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
sherman@6548 655 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
sherman@6548 656
sherman@6548 657 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
aefimov@9998 658 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
aefimov@9998 659 # Presse:
sherman@6548 660 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
sherman@6548 661 #
sherman@6548 662 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
sherman@6548 663 # spokesman.
sherman@6548 664
sherman@6548 665 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
sherman@6548 666 # According to this article:
sherman@6548 667 # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
aefimov@9998 668 # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
aefimov@9998 669 # the changes occur at midnight:
sherman@6548 670 #
aefimov@9998 671 # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
aefimov@9998 672 # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
aefimov@9998 673 # Sunday night the 28th at midnight
sherman@6548 674 #
aefimov@9998 675 # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
aefimov@9998 676 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
aefimov@9998 677 # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
aefimov@9998 678 # June 1st to Sept 27th.
sherman@6548 679 #
sherman@6548 680 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
sherman@6548 681 # published on the web.
sherman@6548 682 #
sherman@6548 683 # It's also confirmed here:
sherman@6548 684 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
aefimov@9998 685 # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
aefimov@9998 686 # posted in English).
sherman@6548 687 #
aefimov@9998 688 # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
sherman@6548 689 # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
sherman@6548 690
sherman@6548 691 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
sherman@6548 692 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
sherman@6548 693 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
sherman@6548 694 # of September:
sherman@6548 695 #
sherman@6548 696 # One article about it (in French):
sherman@6548 697 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
sherman@6548 698 #
sherman@6548 699 # We have some further details posted here:
sherman@6548 700 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
sherman@6548 701
sherman@6548 702 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
sherman@6548 703 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
sherman@6548 704 # to many sources, such as
sherman@6548 705 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
sherman@6548 706 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
sherman@6548 707 # (French)
sherman@6548 708 #
sherman@6548 709 # Our summary:
sherman@6548 710 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
sherman@6548 711
sherman@6548 712 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
sherman@6548 713 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
aefimov@9998 714 # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
sherman@6548 715 #
sherman@6548 716 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
sherman@6548 717 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
sherman@6548 718 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
sherman@6548 719 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
sherman@6548 720 #
sherman@6548 721 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
sherman@6548 722 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
sherman@6548 723
sherman@6548 724 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
sherman@6548 725 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
sherman@6548 726 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
sherman@6548 727 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
sherman@6548 728 #
sherman@6548 729 # Example:
sherman@6548 730 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
sherman@6548 731 # (French)
sherman@6548 732 # Our page:
sherman@6548 733 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
sherman@6548 734
sherman@6548 735 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
sherman@6548 736 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
aefimov@9998 737 # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
aefimov@9998 738 # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
sherman@6548 739 # ...Official links of change in morocco
sherman@6548 740 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
sherman@6548 741 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
sherman@6548 742 # +212.537.71.84.00
sherman@6548 743 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
sherman@6548 744 # They said that
sherman@6548 745 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
sherman@6548 746 # is the official publication to look at.
sherman@6548 747 # They said that the decision was already taken.
sherman@6548 748 #
sherman@6548 749 # More articles in the press
aefimov@9998 750 # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
sherman@6548 751 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
sherman@6548 752 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
sherman@6548 753
sherman@6548 754 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
sherman@6548 755 # They have it written in English here:
sherman@6548 756 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
sherman@6548 757 #
sherman@6548 758 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
sherman@6548 759 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
sherman@6548 760 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
sherman@6548 761 # also been like that in the past.
sherman@6548 762
sherman@6548 763 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
aefimov@9998 764 # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
aefimov@9998 765 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
aefimov@9998 766 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
sherman@6548 767 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
sherman@6548 768 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
sherman@6548 769 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
sherman@6548 770 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
sherman@6548 771 # except the month of Ramadan.
sherman@6548 772 # or (brief)
sherman@6548 773 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
sherman@6548 774
sherman@6548 775 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
sherman@6548 776 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
sherman@6548 777 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
sherman@6548 778 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
sherman@6548 779 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
sherman@6548 780 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
sherman@6548 781
sherman@6548 782 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
sherman@6548 783 # Seen Morocco change again:
sherman@6548 784 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
aefimov@9998 785 # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
aefimov@9998 786 # comme annoncé précédemment."
sherman@6548 787
sherman@6548 788 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
sherman@6548 789 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
sherman@6548 790 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
sherman@6548 791 #
sherman@6548 792 # Google translation, lightly edited:
sherman@6548 793 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
sherman@6548 794 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
sherman@6548 795 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
sherman@6548 796 # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
sherman@6548 797 # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
sherman@6548 798 # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
sherman@6548 799 # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
sherman@6548 800 # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
sherman@6548 801 # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
sherman@6548 802
sherman@7128 803 # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
sherman@7128 804 # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
sherman@7128 805 # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
sherman@7128 806 # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
sherman@7128 807 # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
aefimov@9998 808 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
sherman@7858 809
sherman@7858 810 # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
sherman@7858 811 # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
sherman@7858 812 # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
sherman@7858 813 # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
sherman@7858 814
aefimov@8462 815 # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
aefimov@8462 816 # Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
aefimov@8462 817 # before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
aefimov@8462 818 # this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
aefimov@8462 819 # to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
aefimov@8462 820 # source (French):
aefimov@8462 821 # http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
aefimov@8462 822 # Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
aefimov@8462 823 # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
aefimov@8462 824
aefimov@9432 825 # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
aefimov@9432 826 # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
aefimov@9432 827
aefimov@9998 828 # From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
aefimov@9998 829 # The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
aefimov@9998 830 # to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
aefimov@9998 831 # will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
aefimov@9998 832 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
aefimov@9998 833
aefimov@9998 834 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-05):
aefimov@9998 835 # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2014's rules,
aefimov@9998 836 # and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last
aefimov@9998 837 # Saturday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Saturday after
aefimov@9998 838 # Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2015 through 2037 were
aefimov@9998 839 # determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the
aefimov@9998 840 # results integrated by hand into the table below.
aefimov@9998 841 # (let ((islamic-year 1436))
aefimov@9998 842 # (while (< islamic-year 1460)
aefimov@9998 843 # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@9998 844 # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
aefimov@9998 845 # (saturday 6))
aefimov@9998 846 # (while (/= saturday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
aefimov@9998 847 # (while (/= saturday (mod b 7))
aefimov@9998 848 # (setq b (1+ b)))
aefimov@9998 849 # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
aefimov@9998 850 # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
aefimov@9998 851 # (insert
aefimov@9998 852 # (format
aefimov@9998 853 # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
aefimov@9998 854 # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
aefimov@9998 855 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
aefimov@9998 856 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
sherman@7128 857 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
sherman@7128 858
sherman@6548 859 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 860
sherman@6548 861 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 862 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 863 Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 864 Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 865 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 866 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 867 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 868 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 869 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 870 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 871 Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 872 Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 873 Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 874 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 875 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 876 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 877 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 878 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 879 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 880 Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 881 Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 882 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 883 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 -
aefimov@9998 884 Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 885 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 886 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 887 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 888 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 889 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 890 Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 891 Rule Morocco 2014 2022 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 892 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 893 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 894 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 13 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 895 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 18 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 896 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 4 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 897 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 9 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 898 Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 20 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 899 Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 900 Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 12 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 901 Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 16 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 902 Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 4 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 903 Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 8 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 904 Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 18 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 905 Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 30 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 906 Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 10 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 907 Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 15 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 908 Rule Morocco 2022 only - Apr 2 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 909 Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 7 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 910 Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 22 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 911 Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 13 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 912 Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 5 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 913 Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
aefimov@9998 914 Rule Morocco 2035 only - Oct 27 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 915 Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 18 3:00 0 -
aefimov@9998 916 Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 10 3:00 0 -
sherman@6548 917
sherman@6548 918 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 919 Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
sherman@6548 920 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
sherman@6548 921 1:00 - CET 1986
sherman@6548 922 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
aefimov@8883 923
sherman@6548 924 # Western Sahara
aefimov@8883 925 #
aefimov@8883 926 # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
aefimov@8883 927 # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
aefimov@8883 928 # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
aefimov@8883 929 # Morocco does.
aefimov@8883 930 #
aefimov@8883 931 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
aefimov@8883 932 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
aefimov@8883 933 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
aefimov@8883 934
aefimov@9998 935 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
sherman@6548 936 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
aefimov@8883 937 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
sherman@6548 938
sherman@6548 939 # Mozambique
aefimov@9998 940 #
aefimov@9998 941 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
aefimov@9998 942 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
aefimov@9998 943 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@9998 944 # merely made it official?
aefimov@9998 945 #
sherman@6548 946 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 947 Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
sherman@6548 948 2:00 - CAT
aefimov@10287 949 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
aefimov@10287 950 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
aefimov@10287 951 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
aefimov@10287 952 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
aefimov@10287 953 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
aefimov@10287 954 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
aefimov@10287 955 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
sherman@6548 956
sherman@6548 957 # Namibia
sherman@6548 958 # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
sherman@6548 959 # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
sherman@6548 960
aefimov@9998 961 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
aefimov@9998 962 # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
sherman@6548 963 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
sherman@6548 964 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
sherman@6548 965 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
sherman@6548 966 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
sherman@6548 967 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
sherman@6548 968 # of the country.
sherman@6548 969 #
sherman@6548 970 # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
sherman@6548 971 # Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
sherman@6548 972 # we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
sherman@6548 973
sherman@6548 974 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 975 Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 976 Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 977 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 978 Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
aefimov@9998 979 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
aefimov@9998 980 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
aefimov@9998 981 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
sherman@6548 982 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
sherman@6548 983 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
sherman@6548 984 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
sherman@6548 985
sherman@6548 986 # Niger
aefimov@9998 987 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@6548 988
sherman@6548 989 # Nigeria
sherman@6548 990 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 991 Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
sherman@6548 992 1:00 - WAT
aefimov@9998 993 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
aefimov@9998 994 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
aefimov@9998 995 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
aefimov@9998 996 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
aefimov@9998 997 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
aefimov@9998 998 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
aefimov@9998 999 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@9998 1000 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
aefimov@9998 1001 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
sherman@6548 1002
aefimov@9998 1003 # Réunion
sherman@6548 1004 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 1005 Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
aefimov@9998 1006 4:00 - RET # Réunion Time
sherman@6548 1007 #
aefimov@9998 1008 # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
aefimov@9998 1009 #
aefimov@9998 1010 # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
sherman@6548 1011 # The following information about them is taken from
aefimov@9998 1012 # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
aefimov@9998 1013 # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
sherman@6548 1014 # We have no info about their time zone histories.
sherman@6548 1015 #
sherman@6548 1016 # Bassas da India - uninhabited
sherman@6548 1017 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
sherman@6548 1018 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
sherman@6548 1019 # Juan de Nova - uninhabited
sherman@6548 1020 # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
sherman@6548 1021
sherman@6548 1022 # Rwanda
aefimov@10287 1023 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@6548 1024
sherman@6548 1025 # St Helena
aefimov@9998 1026 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 1027 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
sherman@6548 1028 # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
aefimov@9998 1029 # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
sherman@6548 1030 # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
sherman@6548 1031 # on GMT, says the CIA
aefimov@9998 1032 # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
sherman@6548 1033
aefimov@9998 1034 # São Tomé and Príncipe
sherman@6548 1035 # Senegal
aefimov@9998 1036 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 1037
sherman@6548 1038 # Seychelles
sherman@6548 1039 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@9998 1040 Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
sherman@6548 1041 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
sherman@6548 1042 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
sherman@6548 1043 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
sherman@6548 1044 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
sherman@6548 1045 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
sherman@6548 1046 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
sherman@6548 1047 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
sherman@6548 1048
sherman@6548 1049 # Sierra Leone
aefimov@9998 1050 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 1051
sherman@6548 1052 # Somalia
aefimov@10287 1053 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 1054
sherman@6548 1055 # South Africa
sherman@6548 1056 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 1057 Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
sherman@6548 1058 Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1059 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 1060 Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
sherman@6548 1061 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
sherman@6548 1062 2:00 SA SAST
aefimov@10287 1063 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
aefimov@10287 1064 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
aefimov@10287 1065 #
sherman@6548 1066 # Marion and Prince Edward Is
sherman@6548 1067 # scientific station since 1947
sherman@6548 1068 # no information
sherman@6548 1069
sherman@6548 1070 # Sudan
sherman@6548 1071 #
aefimov@9998 1072 # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
aefimov@9998 1073 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
aefimov@9998 1074 # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
sherman@6548 1075 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
sherman@6548 1076 # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
sherman@6548 1077 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
sherman@6548 1078 #
sherman@6548 1079 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 1080 Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1081 Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1082 Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1083 Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1084 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 1085 Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
sherman@6548 1086 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
sherman@6548 1087 3:00 - EAT
sherman@6548 1088
sherman@6548 1089 # South Sudan
aefimov@8462 1090 Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba
sherman@6548 1091
sherman@6548 1092 # Swaziland
aefimov@10287 1093 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
sherman@6548 1094
sherman@6548 1095 # Tanzania
aefimov@10287 1096 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 1097
sherman@6548 1098 # Togo
aefimov@9998 1099 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@6548 1100
sherman@6548 1101 # Tunisia
sherman@6548 1102
sherman@6548 1103 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
aefimov@9998 1104 # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
sherman@6548 1105 # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
sherman@6548 1106 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
sherman@6548 1107 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
sherman@6548 1108 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
sherman@6548 1109 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
sherman@6548 1110 # Saturday." (My translation)
sherman@6548 1111 #
sherman@6548 1112 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
aefimov@9998 1113 # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
aefimov@9998 1114 # http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
sherman@6548 1115 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
sherman@6548 1116 # 1h standard time.
sherman@6548 1117 #
sherman@6548 1118 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
sherman@6548 1119 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
sherman@6548 1120 # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
sherman@6548 1121 # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
sherman@6548 1122 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
sherman@6548 1123
sherman@6548 1124 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
sherman@6548 1125 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
sherman@6548 1126 # (Arabic)
sherman@6548 1127 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
sherman@6548 1128 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
sherman@6548 1129 #
sherman@6548 1130 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
sherman@6548 1131 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
sherman@6548 1132 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
sherman@6548 1133
sherman@6548 1134 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
sherman@6548 1135 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
sherman@6548 1136 #
sherman@6548 1137 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
sherman@6548 1138 #
sherman@6548 1139 # (in English)
sherman@6548 1140 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
sherman@6548 1141 #
sherman@6548 1142 # (in Arabic)
sherman@6548 1143 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
sherman@6548 1144
aefimov@9998 1145 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
aefimov@9998 1146 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
aefimov@9998 1147 # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
aefimov@9998 1148 # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
aefimov@9998 1149 # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
aefimov@9998 1150 # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
sherman@6548 1151
sherman@6548 1152 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
sherman@6548 1153 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
sherman@6548 1154 #
sherman@6548 1155 # (translation):
sherman@6548 1156 # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
sherman@6548 1157 # Sunday...
sherman@6548 1158 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
sherman@6548 1159 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
sherman@6548 1160 #
sherman@6548 1161 # (in Arabic)
sherman@6548 1162 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
sherman@6548 1163 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
sherman@6548 1164 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
sherman@6548 1165
sherman@6548 1166 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@6548 1167 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1168 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1169 Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1170 Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1171 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1172 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1173 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1174 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1175 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1176 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1177 Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1178 Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1179 Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
sherman@6548 1180 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1181 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1182 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1183 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1184 Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1185 Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1186 Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1187 Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1188 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1189 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1190 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
sherman@6548 1191 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
sherman@6548 1192
sherman@6548 1193 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
sherman@6548 1194 # more precise 0:09:21.
sherman@6548 1195 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
sherman@6548 1196 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@6548 1197 Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
aefimov@9998 1198 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
sherman@6548 1199 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
sherman@6548 1200
sherman@6548 1201 # Uganda
aefimov@10287 1202 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@6548 1203
sherman@6548 1204 # Zambia
sherman@6548 1205 # Zimbabwe
aefimov@10287 1206 # See Africa/Maputo.