comparison test/sun/util/calendar/zi/tzdata/africa @ 9998:a89c75ba7881

8049343: (tz) Support tzdata2014g Reviewed-by: mfang, okutsu
author aefimov
date Sun, 07 Sep 2014 23:04:09 +0400
parents 33f4be874272
children 9c926f0dd726
comparison
equal deleted inserted replaced
7:6b3cc1d6e9a9 8:4704a57ca945
19 # 19 #
20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA 20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any 21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
22 # questions. 22 # questions.
23 # 23 #
24 # <pre>
25 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of 24 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
26 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson. 25 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
27 26
28 # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better, 27 # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
29 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to 28 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
30 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). 29 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
30 # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
31 31
32 # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): 32 # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
33 # 33 #
34 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is 34 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), 35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
47 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences, 47 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
48 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which 48 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
49 # I found in the UCLA library. 49 # I found in the UCLA library.
50 # 50 #
51 # For data circa 1899, a common source is: 51 # For data circa 1899, a common source is:
52 # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 52 # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
53 # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. 53 # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
54 # 54 #
55 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is 55 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
56 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). 56 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
57 # 57 #
58 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT 58 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
59 # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively, 59 # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
60 # but Mark R V Murray reports that 60 # but Mark R V Murray reports that
61 # `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa, 61 # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
62 # `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and 62 # 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
63 # `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for 63 # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
64 # the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''. 64 # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
65 # He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference. 65 # He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference.
66 # 66 #
67 # To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago; 67 # To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
68 # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00, 68 # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
69 # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00. 69 # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
70 # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African 70 # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
71 # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara. 71 # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
72 # 72 #
75 # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time 75 # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
76 # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time 76 # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
77 # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time 77 # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
78 # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation: 78 # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
79 # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time 79 # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
80 # I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00 80 # I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
81 # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of 81 # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
82 # until we get more information. 82 # until we get more information.
83 # 83 #
84 # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome! 84 # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
85 # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time 85 # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
115 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S 115 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
116 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 - 116 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
117 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's 117 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
118 # more precise 0:09:21. 118 # more precise 0:09:21.
119 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 119 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
120 Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01 120 Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
121 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time 121 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
122 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00 122 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
123 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7 123 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
124 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29 124 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
125 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14 125 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
126 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21 126 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
127 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26 127 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
128 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May 128 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
129 1:00 - CET 129 1:00 - CET
130 130
131 # Angola 131 # Angola
132 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
133 Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
134 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
135 1:00 - WAT
136
137 # Benin 132 # Benin
138 # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934; 133 # See Africa/Lagos.
139 # go with Shanks & Pottenger.
140 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
141 Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
142 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
143 1:00 - WAT
144 134
145 # Botswana 135 # Botswana
146 # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): 136 # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
147 # Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899; 137 # Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;
148 # assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did. 138 # assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.
149 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 139 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
150 Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885 140 Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
151 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar 141 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
152 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00 142 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
153 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00 143 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
154 2:00 - CAT 144 2:00 - CAT
155 145
156 # Burkina Faso 146 # Burkina Faso
157 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 147 # See Africa/Abidjan.
158 Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
159 0:00 - GMT
160 148
161 # Burundi 149 # Burundi
162 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 150 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
163 Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890 151 Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
164 2:00 - CAT 152 2:00 - CAT
165 153
166 # Cameroon 154 # Cameroon
167 # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger. 155 # See Africa/Lagos.
168 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
169 Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
170 1:00 - WAT
171 156
172 # Cape Verde 157 # Cape Verde
173 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 158 #
174 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia 159 # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT.
160 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
161 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
162 # merely made it official?
163 #
164 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
165 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
175 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep 166 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
176 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15 167 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
177 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00 168 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
178 -1:00 - CVT 169 -1:00 - CVT
179 170
180 # Central African Republic 171 # Central African Republic
181 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 172 # See Africa/Lagos.
182 Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
183 1:00 - WAT
184 173
185 # Chad 174 # Chad
186 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 175 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
187 Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 176 Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
188 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14 177 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
189 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8 178 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
190 1:00 - WAT 179 1:00 - WAT
191 180
192 # Comoros 181 # Comoros
193 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 182 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
194 Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro 183 Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
195 3:00 - EAT 184 3:00 - EAT
196 185
197 # Democratic Republic of Congo 186 # Democratic Republic of the Congo
198 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 187 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
199 Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
200 1:00 - WAT
201 Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9 188 Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
202 2:00 - CAT 189 2:00 - CAT
190 # The above is for the eastern part; see Africa/Lagos for the western part.
203 191
204 # Republic of the Congo 192 # Republic of the Congo
205 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 193 # See Africa/Lagos.
206 Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912 194
207 1:00 - WAT 195 # Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
208
209 # Cote D'Ivoire
210 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 196 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
211 Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912 197 Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
212 0:00 - GMT 198 0:00 - GMT
199 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
200 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
201 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
202 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
203 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
204 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
205 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
206 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
207 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe
208 Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
213 209
214 # Djibouti 210 # Djibouti
215 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 211 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
216 Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul 212 Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
217 3:00 - EAT 213 3:00 - EAT
252 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight 248 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
253 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of 249 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
254 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation." 250 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
255 # 251 #
256 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time 252 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
257 # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168">
258 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168 253 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
259 # </a>
260 # or 254 # or
261 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html">
262 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html 255 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
263 # </a>
264 Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S 256 Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
265 Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - 257 Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
266 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19): 258 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
267 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports: 259 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
268 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday 260 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
269 # after observing the daylight saving time since May. 261 # after observing the daylight saving time since May.
270 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf 262 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
271 Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 - 263 Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
272 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14): 264 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
273 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight 265 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
274 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07. 266 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
275 # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:] 267 # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
276 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm 268 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
277 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53 269 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
278 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...: 270 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
279 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm 271 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
280 Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 - 272 Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
281 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06): 273 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
282 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter 274 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
283 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each 275 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
284 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite 276 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
285 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by 277 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
309 # :59) 301 # :59)
310 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/ 302 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
311 # 303 #
312 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that. 304 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
313 # 305 #
314 # [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263"> 306 # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
315 # https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 307 # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
316 # </a> 308 # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
317 # [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53">
318 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
319 # </a>
320 # [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
321 # http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
322 # </a>
323 309
324 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20): 310 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
325 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth 311 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
326 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday 312 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
327 # in September. 313 # in September.
328 314
329 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11): 315 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
330 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet 316 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
331 # Information and Decision Support Center: 317 # Information and Decision Support Center:
332 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html">
333 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html 318 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
334 # </a>
335 # 319 #
336 # The Middle East News Agency 320 # The Middle East News Agency
337 # <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx">
338 # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx 321 # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
339 # </a>
340 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21" 322 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
341 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT." 323 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
342 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service, 324 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
343 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine 325 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
344 # (at least today). 326 # (at least today).
345 327
346 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20): 328 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
347 # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has 329 # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
348 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during 330 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
349 # Ramadan. 331 # Ramadan.
350 # 332 #
351 # Arabic translation: 333 # Arabic translation:
352 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again" 334 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
353 # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again">
354 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again 335 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
355 # </a>
356 # or
357 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html">
358 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html 336 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
359 # </a>
360 337
361 # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07): 338 # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
362 # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15 339 # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
363 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx 340 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
364 341
365 # From Gunther Vermier (2015-05-13): 342 # From Gunther Vermier (2015-05-13):
366 # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00) 343 # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
367 344
368 # From Paul Eggert (2014-05-13): 345 # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
346 # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
347 # in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
348 # http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
349 # [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
350 # translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
351 # take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
352 # to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
353 # and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
354 # o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
355 # reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
356 # http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
357
358 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
369 # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says 359 # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
370 # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited 360 # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
371 # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. The AP story says 361 # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
372 # DST will not be observed during Ramadan. There is no information about when 362 # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
373 # DST will end. See:
374 # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833 363 # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
375 # 364 #
376 # For now, guess that later transitions will use 2010's rules, and that 365 # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use
377 # Egypt will agree with Morocco (see below) about the date Ramadan starts and 366 # 2010's rules, and guess that Egypt will switch to standard time at
378 # ends, though (unlike Morocco) it will switch at 00:00 standard time. In 367 # 24:00 the last Thursday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 00:00 the
379 # Egypt the spring-forward transitions are removed for 2020-2022, when the 368 # first Friday after Ramadan. To implement this,
380 # guessed spring-forward date falls during the estimated Ramadan, and all 369 # transition dates for 2015 through 2037 were determined by running
381 # transitions removed for 2023-2038, where the estimated Ramadan falls entirely 370 # the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the results integrated
382 # outside the guessed daylight-saving time. Ramadan intrudes on the guessed 371 # by hand into the table below. Ramadan again intrudes on the guessed
383 # DST starting in 2039, but that's beyond our somewhat-arbitrary cutoff. 372 # DST starting in 2038, but that's beyond our somewhat-arbitrary cutoff.
384 373 # (let ((islamic-year 1436))
385 Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 - 374 # (while (< islamic-year 1460)
386 Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 23:00s 0 - 375 # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
387 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 - 376 # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
388 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 10 0:00 1:00 S 377 # (friday 5))
389 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - 378 # (while (/= friday (mod a 7))
379 # (setq a (1- a)))
380 # (while (/= friday (mod b 7))
381 # (setq b (1+ b)))
382 # (setq a (1- a))
383 # (setq b (1- b))
384 # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
385 # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
386 # (insert
387 # (format
388 # (concat "Rule\tEgypt\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t0\t-\n"
389 # "Rule\tEgypt\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t1:00\tS\n")
390 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
391 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
392 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
393 Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
394 Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
395 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
396 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
397 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
390 Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S 398 Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
391 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 29 0:00s 0 - 399 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
392 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 29 0:00s 1:00 S 400 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
393 Rule Egypt 2014 max - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - 401 Rule Egypt 2014 max - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
394 Rule Egypt 2015 2019 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S 402 Rule Egypt 2015 2019 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
395 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jun 18 0:00s 0 - 403 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jun 11 24:00 0 -
396 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jul 18 0:00s 1:00 S 404 Rule Egypt 2015 only - Jul 23 24:00 1:00 S
397 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jun 7 0:00s 0 - 405 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jun 2 24:00 0 -
398 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jul 7 0:00s 1:00 S 406 Rule Egypt 2016 only - Jul 7 24:00 1:00 S
399 Rule Egypt 2017 only - May 27 0:00s 0 - 407 Rule Egypt 2017 only - May 25 24:00 0 -
400 Rule Egypt 2017 only - Jun 26 0:00s 1:00 S 408 Rule Egypt 2017 only - Jun 29 24:00 1:00 S
401 Rule Egypt 2018 only - May 16 0:00s 0 - 409 Rule Egypt 2018 only - May 10 24:00 0 -
402 Rule Egypt 2018 only - Jun 15 0:00s 1:00 S 410 Rule Egypt 2018 only - Jun 14 24:00 1:00 S
403 Rule Egypt 2019 only - May 6 0:00s 0 - 411 Rule Egypt 2019 only - May 2 24:00 0 -
404 Rule Egypt 2019 only - Jun 5 0:00s 1:00 S 412 Rule Egypt 2019 only - Jun 6 24:00 1:00 S
405 Rule Egypt 2020 only - May 24 0:00s 1:00 S 413 Rule Egypt 2020 only - May 28 24:00 1:00 S
406 Rule Egypt 2021 only - May 13 0:00s 1:00 S 414 Rule Egypt 2021 only - May 13 24:00 1:00 S
407 Rule Egypt 2022 only - May 3 0:00s 1:00 S 415 Rule Egypt 2022 only - May 5 24:00 1:00 S
408 Rule Egypt 2023 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S 416 Rule Egypt 2023 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
409 417
410 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 418 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
411 Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct 419 Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
412 2:00 Egypt EE%sT 420 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
413 421
414 # Equatorial Guinea 422 # Equatorial Guinea
415 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 423 # See Africa/Lagos.
416 Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
417 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
418 1:00 - WAT
419 424
420 # Eritrea 425 # Eritrea
421 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 426 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
422 Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870 427 Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
423 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time 428 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
424 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT 429 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
425 3:00 - EAT 430 3:00 - EAT
426 431
427 # Ethiopia 432 # Ethiopia
428 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): 433 # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-31):
429 # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones 434 # Like the Swahili of Kenya and Tanzania, many Ethiopians keep a
430 # between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890. 435 # 12-hour clock starting at our 06:00, so their "8 o'clock" is our
431 # We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera. 436 # 02:00 or 14:00. Keep this in mind when you ask the time in Amharic.
437 #
438 # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time
439 # zones between 1870 and 1890, that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in
440 # 1890, and that they switched to 3:00 on 1936-05-05. Perhaps 38E50
441 # was for Adis Dera. Quite likely the Shanks data entries are wrong
442 # anyway.
432 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 443 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
433 Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870 444 Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
434 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT 445 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
435 3:00 - EAT 446 3:00 - EAT
436 447
437 # Gabon 448 # Gabon
438 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 449 # See Africa/Lagos.
439 Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
440 1:00 - WAT
441 450
442 # Gambia 451 # Gambia
443 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 452 # See Africa/Abidjan.
444 Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
445 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
446 -1:00 - WAT 1964
447 0:00 - GMT
448 453
449 # Ghana 454 # Ghana
450 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 455 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
451 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; 456 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
452 # go with Shanks & Pottenger. 457 # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942;
453 Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST 458 # and September 1 to January 1 is given by:
454 Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT 459 # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book,
460 # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii.
461 # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942.
462 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
463 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
455 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 464 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
456 Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918 465 Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
457 0:00 Ghana %s 466 0:00 Ghana %s
458 467
459 # Guinea 468 # Guinea
460 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 469 # See Africa/Abidjan.
461 Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
462 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
463 -1:00 - WAT 1960
464 0:00 - GMT
465 470
466 # Guinea-Bissau 471 # Guinea-Bissau
467 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 472 #
468 Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26 473 # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
474 # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
475 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
476 # with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
477 #
478 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
479 Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
469 -1:00 - WAT 1975 480 -1:00 - WAT 1975
470 0:00 - GMT 481 0:00 - GMT
471 482
472 # Kenya 483 # Kenya
473 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 484 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
478 3:00 - EAT 489 3:00 - EAT
479 490
480 # Lesotho 491 # Lesotho
481 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 492 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
482 Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar 493 Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
483 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00 494 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
484 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00 495 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
485 2:00 - SAST 496 2:00 - SAST
486 497
487 # Liberia 498 # Liberia
488 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): 499 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
489 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch 500 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
547 Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920 558 Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
548 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959 559 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
549 2:00 - EET 1982 560 2:00 - EET 1982
550 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4 561 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
551 # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger; 562 # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
552 # the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors. 563 # the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
553 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30 564 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
554 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4 565 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
555 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00 566 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
556 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00 567 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
557 2:00 - EET 568 2:00 - EET
558 569
559 # Madagascar 570 # Madagascar
560 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 571 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
561 Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul 572 Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
567 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 578 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
568 Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar 579 Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
569 2:00 - CAT 580 2:00 - CAT
570 581
571 # Mali 582 # Mali
572 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
573 Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
574 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
575 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
576 0:00 - GMT
577
578 # Mauritania 583 # Mauritania
579 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 584 # See Africa/Abidjan.
580 Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
581 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
582 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
583 0:00 - GMT
584 585
585 # Mauritius 586 # Mauritius
586 587
587 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25): 588 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
588 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial 589 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
602 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): 603 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
603 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger. 604 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
604 605
605 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10): 606 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
606 # According to 607 # According to
607 # <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
608 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216 608 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
609 # </a>
610 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier 609 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
611 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start 610 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
612 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time 611 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
613 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time). 612 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
614 # 613 #
619 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which 618 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
620 # changes two days later. 619 # changes two days later.
621 620
622 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11): 621 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
623 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving 622 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
624 # time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally 623 # time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
625 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008... 624 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
626 # 625 #
627 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction 626 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
628 # de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26 627 # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
629 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one. 628 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
630 # ...
631 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
632 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html 629 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
633 # </a>
634 630
635 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03): 631 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
636 # The Government of Mauritius weblink 632 # The Government of Mauritius weblink
637 # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
638 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD 633 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
639 # </a>
640 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows: 634 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
641 # 635 #
642 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly 636 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
643 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in 637 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
644 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of 638 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
645 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United 639 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
646 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the 640 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
647 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on 641 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
648 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the 642 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
649 # year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008 643 # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
650 # and end on 29 March 2009. 644 # and end on 29 March 2009.
651 645
652 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07): 646 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
653 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the 647 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
654 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the 648 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
655 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March. 649 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
656 # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
657 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf 650 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
658 # </a>
659 651
660 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05): 652 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
661 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe 653 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
662 # DST the coming summer... 654 # DST the coming summer...
663 # 655 #
664 # Some sources, in French: 656 # Some sources, in French:
665 # <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB">
666 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB 657 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
667 # </a>
668 # <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-">
669 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints- 658 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
670 # </a>
671 # 659 #
672 # Our wrap-up: 660 # Our wrap-up:
673 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html">
674 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html 661 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
675 # </a>
676 662
677 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11): 663 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
678 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this: 664 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
679 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour 665 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
680 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..." 666 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
683 Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S 669 Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
684 Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 - 670 Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
685 Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S 671 Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
686 Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 - 672 Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
687 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 673 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
688 Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis 674 Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
689 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time 675 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
690 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez 676 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez
691 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius 677 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
692 678
693 # Mayotte 679 # Mayotte
694 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 680 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
695 Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou 681 Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
696 3:00 - EAT 682 3:00 - EAT
697 683
698 # Morocco 684 # Morocco
699 # See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta). 685 # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
700 686
701 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): 687 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
702 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between 688 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
703 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008. 689 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
704 # 690 #
705 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will 691 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
706 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to 692 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
707 # Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...." 693 # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
708 # 694 #
709 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
710 # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html 695 # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
711 # </a>
712 # OR
713 # <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
714 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html 696 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
715 # </a>
716 697
717 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): 698 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
718 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse: 699 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
719 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view"> 700 # Presse:
720 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view 701 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
721 # </a>
722 # 702 #
723 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt. 703 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
724 # spokesman. 704 # spokesman.
725 705
726 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09): 706 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
727 # According to this article: 707 # According to this article:
728 # <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
729 # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html 708 # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
730 # </a> 709 # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
731 # (and republished here: 710 # the changes occur at midnight:
732 # <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html"> 711 #
733 # http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html 712 # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
734 # </a> 713 # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
735 # ) 714 # Sunday night the 28th at midnight
736 # the changes occurs at midnight: 715 #
737 # 716 # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
738 # saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be 717 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
739 # intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday) 718 # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
740 # sunday night the 28th at midnight 719 # June 1st to Sept 27th.
741 #
742 # Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
743 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
744 # monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
745 # june1st to sept 27th.
746 # 720 #
747 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree 721 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
748 # published on the web. 722 # published on the web.
749 # 723 #
750 # It's also confirmed here: 724 # It's also confirmed here:
751 # <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
752 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm 725 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
753 # </a> 726 # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
754 # on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet 727 # posted in English).
755 # posted in english). 728 #
756 # 729 # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
757 # The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
758 # <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
759 # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search 730 # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
760 # </a>
761 731
762 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27): 732 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
763 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31 733 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
764 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end 734 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
765 # of September: 735 # of September:
766 # 736 #
767 # One article about it (in French): 737 # One article about it (in French):
768 # <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
769 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default 738 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
770 # </a>
771 # 739 #
772 # We have some further details posted here: 740 # We have some further details posted here:
773 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
774 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html 741 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
775 # </a>
776 742
777 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17): 743 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
778 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according 744 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
779 # to many sources, such as 745 # to many sources, such as
780 # <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
781 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html 746 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
782 # </a>
783 # <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
784 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312 747 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
785 # </a>
786 # (French) 748 # (French)
787 # 749 #
788 # Our summary: 750 # Our summary:
789 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
790 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html 751 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
791 # </a>
792 752
793 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): 753 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
794 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre, 754 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
795 # Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics 755 # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
796 # 756 #
797 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967) 757 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
798 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of 758 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
799 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be 759 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
800 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight. 760 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
801 # 761 #
802 # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
803 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf 762 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
804 # </a>
805 #
806 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
807 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html 763 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
808 # </a>
809 764
810 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13): 765 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
811 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization 766 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
812 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from 767 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
813 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08. 768 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
814 # 769 #
815 # Example: 770 # Example:
816 # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html">
817 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html 771 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
818 # </a>
819 # (French) 772 # (French)
820 # Our page: 773 # Our page:
821 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html">
822 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html 774 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
823 # </a>
824 775
825 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30): 776 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
826 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format) 777 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
827 # The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00 778 # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
828 # The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00 779 # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
829 # ...Official links of change in morocco 780 # ...Official links of change in morocco
830 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio 781 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
831 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at 782 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
832 # +212.537.71.84.00 783 # +212.537.71.84.00
833 # <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/">
834 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/ 784 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
835 # </a>
836 # They said that 785 # They said that
837 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view">
838 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view 786 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
839 # </a>
840 # is the official publication to look at. 787 # is the official publication to look at.
841 # They said that the decision was already taken. 788 # They said that the decision was already taken.
842 # 789 #
843 # More articles in the press 790 # More articles in the press
844 # <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev"> 791 # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
845 # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev
846 # </a>
847 # e.html
848 # <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923">
849 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923 792 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
850 # </a>
851 # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim">
852 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim 793 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
853 # anche-prochain-5538.html
854 # </a>
855 794
856 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30): 795 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
857 # They have it written in English here: 796 # They have it written in English here:
858 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view">
859 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view 797 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
860 # </a>
861 # 798 #
862 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31, 799 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
863 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of 800 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
864 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has 801 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
865 # also been like that in the past. 802 # also been like that in the past.
866 803
867 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09): 804 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
868 # According to Infom&eacute;diaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma), 805 # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
869 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure l&eacute;gale: 806 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
870 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'&eacute;t&eacute; 807 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
871 # <a href="http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9">
872 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9 808 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
873 # </a>
874 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on 809 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
875 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on 810 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
876 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012) 811 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
877 # except the month of Ramadan. 812 # except the month of Ramadan.
878 # or (brief) 813 # or (brief)
879 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html">
880 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html 814 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
881 # </a>
882 815
883 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10): 816 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
884 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in 817 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
885 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day; 818 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
886 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX. 819 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
887 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about 820 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
888 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX. 821 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
889 822
890 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16): 823 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
891 # Seen Morocco change again: 824 # Seen Morocco change again:
892 # <a href="http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php">
893 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php 825 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
894 # </a> 826 # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
895 # "...&agrave; partir du dernier dimance d'avril et non fins mars, 827 # comme annoncé précédemment."
896 # comme annonc&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment."
897 828
898 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17): 829 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
899 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government: 830 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
900 # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288">
901 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French] 831 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
902 # </a>
903 # 832 #
904 # Google translation, lightly edited: 833 # Google translation, lightly edited:
905 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT) 834 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
906 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18, 835 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
907 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the 836 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
915 # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06): 844 # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
916 # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be 845 # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
917 # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government 846 # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
918 # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be 847 # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
919 # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see 848 # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
920 # <http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288>. 849 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
921 850
922 # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02): 851 # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
923 # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings 852 # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
924 # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see: 853 # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
925 # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10 854 # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
935 # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html 864 # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
936 865
937 # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18): 866 # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
938 # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp 867 # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
939 868
940 # From Paul Eggert (2014-03-19): 869 # From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
941 # To estimate what the Moroccan government will do in future years, 870 # The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
942 # transition dates for 2014 through 2038 were determined by running 871 # to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
943 # the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3: 872 # will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
944 # 873 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
945 # (let ((islamic-year 1435)) 874
946 # (while (< islamic-year 1461) 875 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-05):
947 # (let ((a 876 # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2014's rules,
948 # (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute 877 # and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last
949 # (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))) 878 # Saturday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Saturday after
950 # (b 879 # Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2015 through 2037 were
951 # (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute 880 # determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the
952 # (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year))))) 881 # results integrated by hand into the table below.
953 # (insert 882 # (let ((islamic-year 1436))
954 # (format 883 # (while (< islamic-year 1460)
955 # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n" 884 # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
956 # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n") 885 # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
957 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a)) 886 # (saturday 6))
958 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b))))) 887 # (while (/= saturday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
888 # (while (/= saturday (mod b 7))
889 # (setq b (1+ b)))
890 # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
891 # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
892 # (insert
893 # (format
894 # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
895 # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
896 # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
897 # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
959 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year)))) 898 # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
960 #
961 # with spring-forward transitions removed for 2023-2025, when the
962 # normal spring-forward date falls during the estimated Ramadan; with
963 # all transitions removed for 2026-2035, where the estimated Ramadan
964 # falls entirely outside daylight-saving time; and with fall-back
965 # transitions removed for 2036-2037, where the normal fall-back
966 # date falls during the estimated Ramadan. Normally, the table would
967 # stop after 2037 because 32-bit time_t values roll around early in 2038,
968 # but that would imply a prediction of perpetual DST after March 2038
969 # due to the year-2037 glitches. So, this table instead stops after
970 # 2038, the first non-glitchy year after the 32-bit rollover.
971 # An advantage of stopping after 2038 is that it lets zic guess
972 # TZ='WET0WEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3' for time stamps far in the future.
973 899
974 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 900 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
975 901
976 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S 902 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
977 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 - 903 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
989 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S 915 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
990 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 - 916 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
991 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S 917 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
992 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 - 918 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
993 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S 919 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
994 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 - 920 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
995 Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S 921 Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
996 Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 - 922 Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
997 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S 923 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
998 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 - 924 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 -
999 Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S 925 Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
1000 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 - 926 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1001 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 - 927 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
1002 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S 928 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
1003 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 - 929 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
1004 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S 930 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S
1005 Rule Morocco 2013 2035 - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 - 931 Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
1006 Rule Morocco 2014 2022 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S 932 Rule Morocco 2014 2022 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
1007 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 29 3:00 0 - 933 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
1008 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jul 29 2:00 1:00 S 934 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 S
1009 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 18 3:00 0 - 935 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 13 3:00 0 -
1010 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 18 2:00 1:00 S 936 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 18 2:00 1:00 S
1011 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 7 3:00 0 - 937 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 4 3:00 0 -
1012 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 7 2:00 1:00 S 938 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 9 2:00 1:00 S
1013 Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 27 3:00 0 - 939 Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 20 3:00 0 -
1014 Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jun 26 2:00 1:00 S 940 Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 S
1015 Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 16 3:00 0 - 941 Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 12 3:00 0 -
1016 Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 15 2:00 1:00 S 942 Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 16 2:00 1:00 S
1017 Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 6 3:00 0 - 943 Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 4 3:00 0 -
1018 Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 5 2:00 1:00 S 944 Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 8 2:00 1:00 S
1019 Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 24 3:00 0 - 945 Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 18 3:00 0 -
1020 Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S 946 Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 30 2:00 1:00 S
1021 Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 13 3:00 0 - 947 Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 10 3:00 0 -
1022 Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 13 2:00 1:00 S 948 Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 15 2:00 1:00 S
1023 Rule Morocco 2022 only - Apr 3 3:00 0 - 949 Rule Morocco 2022 only - Apr 2 3:00 0 -
1024 Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 3 2:00 1:00 S 950 Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 7 2:00 1:00 S
1025 Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 22 2:00 1:00 S 951 Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 22 2:00 1:00 S
1026 Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 10 2:00 1:00 S 952 Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 13 2:00 1:00 S
1027 Rule Morocco 2025 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S 953 Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 5 2:00 1:00 S
1028 Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S 954 Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
1029 Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 21 3:00 0 - 955 Rule Morocco 2035 only - Oct 27 3:00 0 -
1030 Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 11 3:00 0 - 956 Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 18 3:00 0 -
1031 Rule Morocco 2038 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 - 957 Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 10 3:00 0 -
1032 Rule Morocco 2038 only - Oct 30 2:00 1:00 S
1033 Rule Morocco 2038 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
1034 958
1035 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 959 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1036 Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26 960 Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
1037 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16 961 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
1038 1:00 - CET 1986 962 1:00 - CET 1986
1047 # 971 #
1048 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23): 972 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
1049 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT, 973 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
1050 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco. 974 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
1051 975
1052 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan 976 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
1053 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14 977 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
1054 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 978 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
1055 979
1056 # Mozambique 980 # Mozambique
981 #
982 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
983 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
984 # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
985 # merely made it official?
986 #
1057 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 987 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1058 Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar 988 Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
1059 2:00 - CAT 989 2:00 - CAT
1060 990
1061 # Namibia 991 # Namibia
1062 # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger. 992 # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
1063 # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA. 993 # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
1064 994
1065 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in 995 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
1066 # <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>: 996 # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
1067 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other 997 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
1068 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there 998 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
1069 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of 999 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
1070 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of 1000 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
1071 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest 1001 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
1078 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 1008 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1079 Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S 1009 Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1080 Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - 1010 Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
1081 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1011 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1082 Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8 1012 Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1083 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time 1013 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
1084 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00 1014 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
1085 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00 1015 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
1086 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence 1016 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
1087 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3 1017 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
1088 1:00 Namibia WA%sT 1018 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
1089 1019
1090 # Niger 1020 # Niger
1091 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1021 # See Africa/Lagos.
1092 Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
1093 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
1094 0:00 - GMT 1960
1095 1:00 - WAT
1096 1022
1097 # Nigeria 1023 # Nigeria
1098 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1024 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1099 Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep 1025 Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
1100 1:00 - WAT 1026 1:00 - WAT
1101 1027 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
1102 # Reunion 1028 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1103 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1029 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
1104 Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis 1030 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1105 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time 1031 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
1106 # 1032 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
1107 # Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows. 1033 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
1034 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
1035 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
1036
1037 # Réunion
1038 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1039 Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
1040 4:00 - RET # Réunion Time
1041 #
1042 # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
1043 #
1044 # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
1108 # The following information about them is taken from 1045 # The following information about them is taken from
1109 # Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French; 1046 # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
1110 # no longer available as of 1999-08-17). 1047 # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
1111 # We have no info about their time zone histories. 1048 # We have no info about their time zone histories.
1112 # 1049 #
1113 # Bassas da India - uninhabited 1050 # Bassas da India - uninhabited
1114 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families 1051 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
1115 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958 1052 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
1120 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1057 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1121 Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun 1058 Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
1122 2:00 - CAT 1059 2:00 - CAT
1123 1060
1124 # St Helena 1061 # St Helena
1125 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1062 # See Africa/Abidjan.
1126 Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
1127 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
1128 0:00 - GMT
1129 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar: 1063 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
1130 # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA 1064 # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
1131 # Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA 1065 # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
1132 # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously): 1066 # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
1133 # on GMT, says the CIA 1067 # on GMT, says the CIA
1134 # Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT 1068 # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
1135 1069
1136 # Sao Tome and Principe 1070 # São Tomé and Príncipe
1137 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1138 Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
1139 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
1140 0:00 - GMT
1141
1142 # Senegal 1071 # Senegal
1143 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1072 # See Africa/Abidjan.
1144 Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
1145 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
1146 0:00 - GMT
1147 1073
1148 # Seychelles 1074 # Seychelles
1149 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1075 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1150 Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria 1076 Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
1151 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time 1077 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
1152 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30): 1078 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
1153 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the 1079 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
1154 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory 1080 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
1155 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know 1081 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
1156 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now. 1082 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
1157 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited. 1083 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
1158 1084
1159 # Sierra Leone 1085 # Sierra Leone
1160 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 1086 # See Africa/Abidjan.
1161 # Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1162 Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
1163 Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
1164 Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
1165 Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
1166 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1167 Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
1168 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
1169 -1:00 SL %s 1957
1170 0:00 SL %s
1171 1087
1172 # Somalia 1088 # Somalia
1173 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1089 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1174 Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov 1090 Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
1175 3:00 - EAT 1931 1091 3:00 - EAT 1931
1188 # scientific station since 1947 1104 # scientific station since 1947
1189 # no information 1105 # no information
1190 1106
1191 # Sudan 1107 # Sudan
1192 # 1108 #
1193 # From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html"> 1109 # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
1194 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13) 1110 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
1195 # </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen: 1111 # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
1196 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon 1112 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1197 # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for 1113 # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1198 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin. 1114 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
1199 # 1115 #
1200 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 1116 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1221 3:00 - EAT 1948 1137 3:00 - EAT 1948
1222 2:45 - BEAUT 1961 1138 2:45 - BEAUT 1961
1223 3:00 - EAT 1139 3:00 - EAT
1224 1140
1225 # Togo 1141 # Togo
1226 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1142 # See Africa/Abidjan.
1227 Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
1228 0:00 - GMT
1229 1143
1230 # Tunisia 1144 # Tunisia
1231 1145
1232 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30): 1146 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
1233 # My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST, 1147 # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
1234 # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News 1148 # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
1235 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP 1149 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1236 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by 1150 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1237 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be 1151 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1238 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next 1152 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1239 # Saturday." (My translation) 1153 # Saturday." (My translation)
1240 # 1154 #
1241 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02): 1155 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
1242 # LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ... 1156 # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1243 # <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html> 1157 # http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
1244 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30, 1158 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1245 # 1h standard time. 1159 # 1h standard time.
1246 # 1160 #
1247 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28): 1161 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1248 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year: 1162 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1251 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50 1165 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
1252 1166
1253 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16): 1167 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1254 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year. 1168 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1255 # (Arabic) 1169 # (Arabic)
1256 # <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
1257 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546 1170 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
1258 # </a>
1259 # <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
1260 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp 1171 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
1261 # </a>
1262 # 1172 #
1263 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia. 1173 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1264 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page: 1174 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
1265 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
1266 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html 1175 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
1267 # </a>
1268 1176
1269 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): 1177 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1270 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency 1178 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1271 # 1179 #
1272 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn): 1180 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1273 # 1181 #
1274 # (in English) 1182 # (in English)
1275 # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
1276 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157 1183 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
1277 # </a>
1278 # 1184 #
1279 # (in Arabic) 1185 # (in Arabic)
1280 # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
1281 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1 1186 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
1282 # </a> 1187
1283 1188 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
1284 # From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18): 1189 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
1285 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact 1190 # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
1286 # that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time. 1191 # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
1287 # Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long." 1192 # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
1288 # So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future). 1193 # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
1289 1194
1290 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27): 1195 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1291 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010 1196 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1292 # 1197 #
1293 # (translation): 1198 # (translation):
1295 # Sunday... 1200 # Sunday...
1296 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also 1201 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1297 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..." 1202 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1298 # 1203 #
1299 # (in Arabic) 1204 # (in Arabic)
1300 # <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1">
1301 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1 1205 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
1302 # <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036">
1303 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036 1206 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
1304 # or
1305 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html">
1306 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html 1207 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1307 1208
1308 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S 1209 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1309 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S 1210 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1310 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 - 1211 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1335 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's 1236 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1336 # more precise 0:09:21. 1237 # more precise 0:09:21.
1337 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11. 1238 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
1338 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1239 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1339 Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12 1240 Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
1340 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time 1241 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
1341 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT 1242 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1342 1243
1343 # Uganda 1244 # Uganda
1344 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] 1245 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1345 Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul 1246 Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul