changeset 5477:48dfc0df61d0

Merge
author mullan
date Thu, 31 May 2012 17:10:57 -0400
parents 3192e73394fe 43bd5ee0205e
children 7baa22e6a6b3
files
diffstat 17 files changed, 1369 insertions(+), 450 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/make/java/java/FILES_java.gmk	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/make/java/java/FILES_java.gmk	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -482,6 +482,7 @@
     sun/misc/JavaNioAccess.java \
     sun/misc/Perf.java \
     sun/misc/PerfCounter.java \
+    sun/misc/Hashing.java \
     sun/net/www/protocol/jar/Handler.java \
     sun/net/www/protocol/jar/JarURLConnection.java \
     sun/net/www/protocol/file/Handler.java \
--- a/src/share/classes/java/lang/Integer.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/lang/Integer.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -381,7 +381,7 @@
         int size = (i < 0) ? stringSize(-i) + 1 : stringSize(i);
         char[] buf = new char[size];
         getChars(i, size, buf);
-        return new String(0, size, buf);
+        return new String(buf, true);
     }
 
     /**
--- a/src/share/classes/java/lang/Long.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/lang/Long.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -373,7 +373,7 @@
         int size = (i < 0) ? stringSize(-i) + 1 : stringSize(i);
         char[] buf = new char[size];
         getChars(i, size, buf);
-        return new String(0, size, buf);
+        return new String(buf, true);
     }
 
     /**
--- a/src/share/classes/java/lang/String.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/lang/String.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -25,7 +25,6 @@
 
 package java.lang;
 
-import java.io.ObjectStreamClass;
 import java.io.ObjectStreamField;
 import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
 import java.nio.charset.Charset;
@@ -108,17 +107,10 @@
  */
 
 public final class String
-    implements java.io.Serializable, Comparable<String>, CharSequence
-{
+    implements java.io.Serializable, Comparable<String>, CharSequence {
     /** The value is used for character storage. */
     private final char value[];
 
-    /** The offset is the first index of the storage that is used. */
-    private final int offset;
-
-    /** The count is the number of characters in the String. */
-    private final int count;
-
     /** Cache the hash code for the string */
     private int hash; // Default to 0
 
@@ -138,7 +130,7 @@
      * string instance within the stream.
      */
     private static final ObjectStreamField[] serialPersistentFields =
-        new ObjectStreamField[0];
+            new ObjectStreamField[0];
 
     /**
      * Initializes a newly created {@code String} object so that it represents
@@ -146,8 +138,6 @@
      * unnecessary since Strings are immutable.
      */
     public String() {
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = 0;
         this.value = new char[0];
     }
 
@@ -162,23 +152,8 @@
      *         A {@code String}
      */
     public String(String original) {
-        int size = original.count;
-        char[] originalValue = original.value;
-        char[] v;
-        if (originalValue.length > size) {
-            // The array representing the String is bigger than the new
-            // String itself.  Perhaps this constructor is being called
-            // in order to trim the baggage, so make a copy of the array.
-            int off = original.offset;
-            v = Arrays.copyOfRange(originalValue, off, off+size);
-        } else {
-            // The array representing the String is the same
-            // size as the String, so no point in making a copy.
-            v = originalValue;
-        }
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = size;
-        this.value = v;
+        this.value = original.value;
+        this.hash = original.hash;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -191,10 +166,7 @@
      *         The initial value of the string
      */
     public String(char value[]) {
-        int size = value.length;
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = size;
-        this.value = Arrays.copyOf(value, size);
+        this.value = Arrays.copyOf(value, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -229,8 +201,6 @@
         if (offset > value.length - count) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(offset + count);
         }
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = count;
         this.value = Arrays.copyOfRange(value, offset, offset+count);
     }
 
@@ -293,14 +263,12 @@
         for (int i = offset, j = 0; i < end; i++, j++) {
             int c = codePoints[i];
             if (Character.isBmpCodePoint(c))
-                v[j] = (char) c;
+                v[j] = (char)c;
             else
                 Character.toSurrogates(c, v, j++);
         }
 
-        this.value  = v;
-        this.count  = n;
-        this.offset = 0;
+        this.value = v;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -348,17 +316,15 @@
         char value[] = new char[count];
 
         if (hibyte == 0) {
-            for (int i = count ; i-- > 0 ;) {
-                value[i] = (char) (ascii[i + offset] & 0xff);
+            for (int i = count; i-- > 0;) {
+                value[i] = (char)(ascii[i + offset] & 0xff);
             }
         } else {
             hibyte <<= 8;
-            for (int i = count ; i-- > 0 ;) {
-                value[i] = (char) (hibyte | (ascii[i + offset] & 0xff));
+            for (int i = count; i-- > 0;) {
+                value[i] = (char)(hibyte | (ascii[i + offset] & 0xff));
             }
         }
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = count;
         this.value = value;
     }
 
@@ -444,15 +410,11 @@
      * @since  JDK1.1
      */
     public String(byte bytes[], int offset, int length, String charsetName)
-        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
-    {
+            throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
         if (charsetName == null)
             throw new NullPointerException("charsetName");
         checkBounds(bytes, offset, length);
-        char[] v = StringCoding.decode(charsetName, bytes, offset, length);
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = v.length;
-        this.value = v;
+        this.value = StringCoding.decode(charsetName, bytes, offset, length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -489,10 +451,7 @@
         if (charset == null)
             throw new NullPointerException("charset");
         checkBounds(bytes, offset, length);
-        char[] v = StringCoding.decode(charset, bytes, offset, length);
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = v.length;
-        this.value = v;
+        this.value =  StringCoding.decode(charset, bytes, offset, length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -519,8 +478,7 @@
      * @since  JDK1.1
      */
     public String(byte bytes[], String charsetName)
-        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
-    {
+            throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
         this(bytes, 0, bytes.length, charsetName);
     }
 
@@ -576,10 +534,7 @@
      */
     public String(byte bytes[], int offset, int length) {
         checkBounds(bytes, offset, length);
-        char[] v  = StringCoding.decode(bytes, offset, length);
-        this.offset = 0;
-        this.count = v.length;
-        this.value = v;
+        this.value = StringCoding.decode(bytes, offset, length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -612,10 +567,9 @@
      *         A {@code StringBuffer}
      */
     public String(StringBuffer buffer) {
-        String result = buffer.toString();
-        this.value = result.value;
-        this.count = result.count;
-        this.offset = result.offset;
+        synchronized(buffer) {
+            this.value = Arrays.copyOf(buffer.getValue(), buffer.length());
+        }
     }
 
     /**
@@ -634,18 +588,18 @@
      * @since  1.5
      */
     public String(StringBuilder builder) {
-        String result = builder.toString();
-        this.value = result.value;
-        this.count = result.count;
-        this.offset = result.offset;
+        this.value = Arrays.copyOf(builder.getValue(), builder.length());
     }
 
-
-    // Package private constructor which shares value array for speed.
-    String(int offset, int count, char value[]) {
+    /*
+    * Package private constructor which shares value array for speed.
+    * this constructor is always expected to be called with share==true.
+    * a separate constructor is needed because we already have a public
+    * String(char[]) constructor that makes a copy of the given char[].
+    */
+    String(char[] value, boolean share) {
+        // assert share : "unshared not supported";
         this.value = value;
-        this.offset = offset;
-        this.count = count;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -657,7 +611,7 @@
      *          object.
      */
     public int length() {
-        return count;
+        return value.length;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -669,7 +623,7 @@
      * @since 1.6
      */
     public boolean isEmpty() {
-        return count == 0;
+        return value.length == 0;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -691,10 +645,10 @@
      *             string.
      */
     public char charAt(int index) {
-        if ((index < 0) || (index >= count)) {
+        if ((index < 0) || (index >= value.length)) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
         }
-        return value[index + offset];
+        return value[index];
     }
 
     /**
@@ -720,10 +674,10 @@
      * @since      1.5
      */
     public int codePointAt(int index) {
-        if ((index < 0) || (index >= count)) {
+        if ((index < 0) || (index >= value.length)) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
         }
-        return Character.codePointAtImpl(value, offset + index, offset + count);
+        return Character.codePointAtImpl(value, index, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -750,10 +704,10 @@
      */
     public int codePointBefore(int index) {
         int i = index - 1;
-        if ((i < 0) || (i >= count)) {
+        if ((i < 0) || (i >= value.length)) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
         }
-        return Character.codePointBeforeImpl(value, offset + index, offset);
+        return Character.codePointBeforeImpl(value, index, 0);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -778,10 +732,10 @@
      * @since  1.5
      */
     public int codePointCount(int beginIndex, int endIndex) {
-        if (beginIndex < 0 || endIndex > count || beginIndex > endIndex) {
+        if (beginIndex < 0 || endIndex > value.length || beginIndex > endIndex) {
             throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
         }
-        return Character.codePointCountImpl(value, offset+beginIndex, endIndex-beginIndex);
+        return Character.codePointCountImpl(value, beginIndex, endIndex - beginIndex);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -805,11 +759,11 @@
      * @since 1.5
      */
     public int offsetByCodePoints(int index, int codePointOffset) {
-        if (index < 0 || index > count) {
+        if (index < 0 || index > value.length) {
             throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
         }
-        return Character.offsetByCodePointsImpl(value, offset, count,
-                                                offset+index, codePointOffset) - offset;
+        return Character.offsetByCodePointsImpl(value, 0, value.length,
+                index, codePointOffset);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -817,7 +771,7 @@
      * This method doesn't perform any range checking.
      */
     void getChars(char dst[], int dstBegin) {
-        System.arraycopy(value, offset, dst, dstBegin, count);
+        System.arraycopy(value, 0, dst, dstBegin, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -854,14 +808,13 @@
         if (srcBegin < 0) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcBegin);
         }
-        if (srcEnd > count) {
+        if (srcEnd > value.length) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcEnd);
         }
         if (srcBegin > srcEnd) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcEnd - srcBegin);
         }
-        System.arraycopy(value, offset + srcBegin, dst, dstBegin,
-             srcEnd - srcBegin);
+        System.arraycopy(value, srcBegin, dst, dstBegin, srcEnd - srcBegin);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -912,15 +865,15 @@
         if (srcBegin < 0) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcBegin);
         }
-        if (srcEnd > count) {
+        if (srcEnd > value.length) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcEnd);
         }
         if (srcBegin > srcEnd) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(srcEnd - srcBegin);
         }
         int j = dstBegin;
-        int n = offset + srcEnd;
-        int i = offset + srcBegin;
+        int n = srcEnd;
+        int i = srcBegin;
         char[] val = value;   /* avoid getfield opcode */
 
         while (i < n) {
@@ -949,10 +902,9 @@
      * @since  JDK1.1
      */
     public byte[] getBytes(String charsetName)
-        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
-    {
+            throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
         if (charsetName == null) throw new NullPointerException();
-        return StringCoding.encode(charsetName, value, offset, count);
+        return StringCoding.encode(charsetName, value, 0, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -975,7 +927,7 @@
      */
     public byte[] getBytes(Charset charset) {
         if (charset == null) throw new NullPointerException();
-        return StringCoding.encode(charset, value, offset, count);
+        return StringCoding.encode(charset, value, 0, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -992,7 +944,7 @@
      * @since      JDK1.1
      */
     public byte[] getBytes() {
-        return StringCoding.encode(value, offset, count);
+        return StringCoding.encode(value, 0, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1015,16 +967,16 @@
             return true;
         }
         if (anObject instanceof String) {
-            String anotherString = (String)anObject;
-            int n = count;
-            if (n == anotherString.count) {
+            String anotherString = (String) anObject;
+            int n = value.length;
+            if (n == anotherString.value.length) {
                 char v1[] = value;
                 char v2[] = anotherString.value;
-                int i = offset;
-                int j = anotherString.offset;
+                int i = 0;
                 while (n-- != 0) {
-                    if (v1[i++] != v2[j++])
-                        return false;
+                    if (v1[i] != v2[i])
+                            return false;
+                    i++;
                 }
                 return true;
             }
@@ -1047,8 +999,8 @@
      * @since  1.4
      */
     public boolean contentEquals(StringBuffer sb) {
-        synchronized(sb) {
-            return contentEquals((CharSequence)sb);
+        synchronized (sb) {
+            return contentEquals((CharSequence) sb);
         }
     }
 
@@ -1067,18 +1019,18 @@
      * @since  1.5
      */
     public boolean contentEquals(CharSequence cs) {
-        if (count != cs.length())
+        if (value.length != cs.length())
             return false;
         // Argument is a StringBuffer, StringBuilder
         if (cs instanceof AbstractStringBuilder) {
             char v1[] = value;
-            char v2[] = ((AbstractStringBuilder)cs).getValue();
-            int i = offset;
-            int j = 0;
-            int n = count;
+            char v2[] = ((AbstractStringBuilder) cs).getValue();
+            int i = 0;
+            int n = value.length;
             while (n-- != 0) {
-                if (v1[i++] != v2[j++])
+                if (v1[i] != v2[i])
                     return false;
+                i++;
             }
             return true;
         }
@@ -1087,12 +1039,12 @@
             return true;
         // Argument is a generic CharSequence
         char v1[] = value;
-        int i = offset;
-        int j = 0;
-        int n = count;
+        int i = 0;
+        int n = value.length;
         while (n-- != 0) {
-            if (v1[i++] != cs.charAt(j++))
+            if (v1[i] != cs.charAt(i))
                 return false;
+            i++;
         }
         return true;
     }
@@ -1126,9 +1078,10 @@
      * @see  #equals(Object)
      */
     public boolean equalsIgnoreCase(String anotherString) {
-        return (this == anotherString) ? true :
-               (anotherString != null) && (anotherString.count == count) &&
-               regionMatches(true, 0, anotherString, 0, count);
+        return (this == anotherString) ? true
+                : (anotherString != null)
+                && (anotherString.value.length == value.length)
+                && regionMatches(true, 0, anotherString, 0, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1173,33 +1126,20 @@
      *          lexicographically greater than the string argument.
      */
     public int compareTo(String anotherString) {
-        int len1 = count;
-        int len2 = anotherString.count;
-        int n = Math.min(len1, len2);
+        int len1 = value.length;
+        int len2 = anotherString.value.length;
+        int lim = Math.min(len1, len2);
         char v1[] = value;
         char v2[] = anotherString.value;
-        int i = offset;
-        int j = anotherString.offset;
 
-        if (i == j) {
-            int k = i;
-            int lim = n + i;
-            while (k < lim) {
-                char c1 = v1[k];
-                char c2 = v2[k];
-                if (c1 != c2) {
-                    return c1 - c2;
-                }
-                k++;
+        int k = 0;
+        while (k < lim) {
+            char c1 = v1[k];
+            char c2 = v2[k];
+            if (c1 != c2) {
+                return c1 - c2;
             }
-        } else {
-            while (n-- != 0) {
-                char c1 = v1[i++];
-                char c2 = v2[j++];
-                if (c1 != c2) {
-                    return c1 - c2;
-                }
-            }
+            k++;
         }
         return len1 - len2;
     }
@@ -1219,7 +1159,7 @@
     public static final Comparator<String> CASE_INSENSITIVE_ORDER
                                          = new CaseInsensitiveComparator();
     private static class CaseInsensitiveComparator
-                         implements Comparator<String>, java.io.Serializable {
+            implements Comparator<String>, java.io.Serializable {
         // use serialVersionUID from JDK 1.2.2 for interoperability
         private static final long serialVersionUID = 8575799808933029326L;
 
@@ -1306,14 +1246,15 @@
      *          {@code false} otherwise.
      */
     public boolean regionMatches(int toffset, String other, int ooffset,
-                                 int len) {
+            int len) {
         char ta[] = value;
-        int to = offset + toffset;
+        int to = toffset;
         char pa[] = other.value;
-        int po = other.offset + ooffset;
+        int po = ooffset;
         // Note: toffset, ooffset, or len might be near -1>>>1.
-        if ((ooffset < 0) || (toffset < 0) || (toffset > (long)count - len)
-            || (ooffset > (long)other.count - len)) {
+        if ((ooffset < 0) || (toffset < 0)
+                || (toffset > (long)value.length - len)
+                || (ooffset > (long)other.value.length - len)) {
             return false;
         }
         while (len-- > 0) {
@@ -1351,7 +1292,7 @@
      * integer <i>k</i> less than <tt>len</tt> such that:
      * <blockquote><pre>
      * Character.toLowerCase(this.charAt(toffset+k)) !=
-               Character.toLowerCase(other.charAt(ooffset+k))
+     Character.toLowerCase(other.charAt(ooffset+k))
      * </pre></blockquote>
      * and:
      * <blockquote><pre>
@@ -1375,14 +1316,15 @@
      *          argument.
      */
     public boolean regionMatches(boolean ignoreCase, int toffset,
-                           String other, int ooffset, int len) {
+            String other, int ooffset, int len) {
         char ta[] = value;
-        int to = offset + toffset;
+        int to = toffset;
         char pa[] = other.value;
-        int po = other.offset + ooffset;
+        int po = ooffset;
         // Note: toffset, ooffset, or len might be near -1>>>1.
-        if ((ooffset < 0) || (toffset < 0) || (toffset > (long)count - len) ||
-                (ooffset > (long)other.count - len)) {
+        if ((ooffset < 0) || (toffset < 0)
+                || (toffset > (long)value.length - len)
+                || (ooffset > (long)other.value.length - len)) {
             return false;
         }
         while (len-- > 0) {
@@ -1433,12 +1375,12 @@
      */
     public boolean startsWith(String prefix, int toffset) {
         char ta[] = value;
-        int to = offset + toffset;
+        int to = toffset;
         char pa[] = prefix.value;
-        int po = prefix.offset;
-        int pc = prefix.count;
+        int po = 0;
+        int pc = prefix.value.length;
         // Note: toffset might be near -1>>>1.
-        if ((toffset < 0) || (toffset > count - pc)) {
+        if ((toffset < 0) || (toffset > value.length - pc)) {
             return false;
         }
         while (--pc >= 0) {
@@ -1478,7 +1420,7 @@
      *          as determined by the {@link #equals(Object)} method.
      */
     public boolean endsWith(String suffix) {
-        return startsWith(suffix, count - suffix.count);
+        return startsWith(suffix, value.length - suffix.value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1496,13 +1438,11 @@
      */
     public int hashCode() {
         int h = hash;
-        if (h == 0 && count > 0) {
-            int off = offset;
+        if (h == 0 && value.length > 0) {
             char val[] = value;
-            int len = count;
 
-            for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
-                h = 31*h + val[off++];
+            for (int i = 0; i < value.length; i++) {
+                h = 31 * h + val[i];
             }
             hash = h;
         }
@@ -1577,9 +1517,10 @@
      *          if the character does not occur.
      */
     public int indexOf(int ch, int fromIndex) {
+        final int max = value.length;
         if (fromIndex < 0) {
             fromIndex = 0;
-        } else if (fromIndex >= count) {
+        } else if (fromIndex >= max) {
             // Note: fromIndex might be near -1>>>1.
             return -1;
         }
@@ -1588,11 +1529,9 @@
             // handle most cases here (ch is a BMP code point or a
             // negative value (invalid code point))
             final char[] value = this.value;
-            final int offset = this.offset;
-            final int max = offset + count;
-            for (int i = offset + fromIndex; i < max ; i++) {
+            for (int i = fromIndex; i < max; i++) {
                 if (value[i] == ch) {
-                    return i - offset;
+                    return i;
                 }
             }
             return -1;
@@ -1607,13 +1546,12 @@
     private int indexOfSupplementary(int ch, int fromIndex) {
         if (Character.isValidCodePoint(ch)) {
             final char[] value = this.value;
-            final int offset = this.offset;
             final char hi = Character.highSurrogate(ch);
             final char lo = Character.lowSurrogate(ch);
-            final int max = offset + count - 1;
-            for (int i = offset + fromIndex; i < max; i++) {
-                if (value[i] == hi && value[i+1] == lo) {
-                    return i - offset;
+            final int max = value.length - 1;
+            for (int i = fromIndex; i < max; i++) {
+                if (value[i] == hi && value[i + 1] == lo) {
+                    return i;
                 }
             }
         }
@@ -1644,7 +1582,7 @@
      *          {@code -1} if the character does not occur.
      */
     public int lastIndexOf(int ch) {
-        return lastIndexOf(ch, count - 1);
+        return lastIndexOf(ch, value.length - 1);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1686,11 +1624,10 @@
             // handle most cases here (ch is a BMP code point or a
             // negative value (invalid code point))
             final char[] value = this.value;
-            final int offset = this.offset;
-            int i = offset + Math.min(fromIndex, count - 1);
-            for (; i >= offset ; i--) {
+            int i = Math.min(fromIndex, value.length - 1);
+            for (; i >= 0; i--) {
                 if (value[i] == ch) {
-                    return i - offset;
+                    return i;
                 }
             }
             return -1;
@@ -1705,13 +1642,12 @@
     private int lastIndexOfSupplementary(int ch, int fromIndex) {
         if (Character.isValidCodePoint(ch)) {
             final char[] value = this.value;
-            final int offset = this.offset;
             char hi = Character.highSurrogate(ch);
             char lo = Character.lowSurrogate(ch);
-            int i = offset + Math.min(fromIndex, count - 2);
-            for (; i >= offset; i--) {
-                if (value[i] == hi && value[i+1] == lo) {
-                    return i - offset;
+            int i = Math.min(fromIndex, value.length - 2);
+            for (; i >= 0; i--) {
+                if (value[i] == hi && value[i + 1] == lo) {
+                    return i;
                 }
             }
         }
@@ -1753,8 +1689,8 @@
      *          or {@code -1} if there is no such occurrence.
      */
     public int indexOf(String str, int fromIndex) {
-        return indexOf(value, offset, count,
-                       str.value, str.offset, str.count, fromIndex);
+        return indexOf(value, 0, value.length,
+                str.value, 0, str.value.length, fromIndex);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1771,8 +1707,8 @@
      * @param   fromIndex    the index to begin searching from.
      */
     static int indexOf(char[] source, int sourceOffset, int sourceCount,
-                       char[] target, int targetOffset, int targetCount,
-                       int fromIndex) {
+            char[] target, int targetOffset, int targetCount,
+            int fromIndex) {
         if (fromIndex >= sourceCount) {
             return (targetCount == 0 ? sourceCount : -1);
         }
@@ -1783,7 +1719,7 @@
             return fromIndex;
         }
 
-        char first  = target[targetOffset];
+        char first = target[targetOffset];
         int max = sourceOffset + (sourceCount - targetCount);
 
         for (int i = sourceOffset + fromIndex; i <= max; i++) {
@@ -1796,8 +1732,8 @@
             if (i <= max) {
                 int j = i + 1;
                 int end = j + targetCount - 1;
-                for (int k = targetOffset + 1; j < end && source[j] ==
-                         target[k]; j++, k++);
+                for (int k = targetOffset + 1; j < end && source[j]
+                        == target[k]; j++, k++);
 
                 if (j == end) {
                     /* Found whole string. */
@@ -1824,7 +1760,7 @@
      *          or {@code -1} if there is no such occurrence.
      */
     public int lastIndexOf(String str) {
-        return lastIndexOf(str, count);
+        return lastIndexOf(str, value.length);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1844,8 +1780,8 @@
      *          or {@code -1} if there is no such occurrence.
      */
     public int lastIndexOf(String str, int fromIndex) {
-        return lastIndexOf(value, offset, count,
-                           str.value, str.offset, str.count, fromIndex);
+        return lastIndexOf(value, 0, value.length,
+                str.value, 0, str.value.length, fromIndex);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1862,8 +1798,8 @@
      * @param   fromIndex    the index to begin searching from.
      */
     static int lastIndexOf(char[] source, int sourceOffset, int sourceCount,
-                           char[] target, int targetOffset, int targetCount,
-                           int fromIndex) {
+            char[] target, int targetOffset, int targetCount,
+            int fromIndex) {
         /*
          * Check arguments; return immediately where possible. For
          * consistency, don't check for null str.
@@ -1885,7 +1821,7 @@
         int min = sourceOffset + targetCount - 1;
         int i = min + fromIndex;
 
-    startSearchForLastChar:
+        startSearchForLastChar:
         while (true) {
             while (i >= min && source[i] != strLastChar) {
                 i--;
@@ -1925,7 +1861,14 @@
      *             length of this {@code String} object.
      */
     public String substring(int beginIndex) {
-        return substring(beginIndex, count);
+        if (beginIndex < 0) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(beginIndex);
+        }
+        int subLen = value.length - beginIndex;
+        if (subLen < 0) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(subLen);
+        }
+        return (beginIndex == 0) ? this : new String(value, beginIndex, subLen);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -1954,14 +1897,15 @@
         if (beginIndex < 0) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(beginIndex);
         }
-        if (endIndex > count) {
+        if (endIndex > value.length) {
             throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(endIndex);
         }
-        if (beginIndex > endIndex) {
-            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(endIndex - beginIndex);
+        int subLen = endIndex - beginIndex;
+        if (subLen < 0) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(subLen);
         }
-        return ((beginIndex == 0) && (endIndex == count)) ? this :
-            new String(offset + beginIndex, endIndex - beginIndex, value);
+        return ((beginIndex == 0) && (endIndex == value.length)) ? this
+                : new String(value, beginIndex, subLen);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2021,10 +1965,10 @@
         if (otherLen == 0) {
             return this;
         }
-        char buf[] = new char[count + otherLen];
-        getChars(0, count, buf, 0);
-        str.getChars(0, otherLen, buf, count);
-        return new String(0, count + otherLen, buf);
+        int len = value.length;
+        char buf[] = Arrays.copyOf(value, len + otherLen);
+        str.getChars(buf, len);
+        return new String(buf, true);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2058,27 +2002,26 @@
      */
     public String replace(char oldChar, char newChar) {
         if (oldChar != newChar) {
-            int len = count;
+            int len = value.length;
             int i = -1;
             char[] val = value; /* avoid getfield opcode */
-            int off = offset;   /* avoid getfield opcode */
 
             while (++i < len) {
-                if (val[off + i] == oldChar) {
+                if (val[i] == oldChar) {
                     break;
                 }
             }
             if (i < len) {
                 char buf[] = new char[len];
-                for (int j = 0 ; j < i ; j++) {
-                    buf[j] = val[off+j];
+                for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) {
+                    buf[j] = val[j];
                 }
                 while (i < len) {
-                    char c = val[off + i];
+                    char c = val[i];
                     buf[i] = (c == oldChar) ? newChar : c;
                     i++;
                 }
-                return new String(0, len, buf);
+                return new String(buf, true);
             }
         }
         return this;
@@ -2229,7 +2172,7 @@
      */
     public String replace(CharSequence target, CharSequence replacement) {
         return Pattern.compile(target.toString(), Pattern.LITERAL).matcher(
-            this).replaceAll(Matcher.quoteReplacement(replacement.toString()));
+                this).replaceAll(Matcher.quoteReplacement(replacement.toString()));
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2314,13 +2257,13 @@
      */
     public String[] split(String regex, int limit) {
         /* fastpath if the regex is a
-           (1)one-char String and this character is not one of the
-              RegEx's meta characters ".$|()[{^?*+\\", or
-           (2)two-char String and the first char is the backslash and
-              the second is not the ascii digit or ascii letter.
-        */
+         (1)one-char String and this character is not one of the
+            RegEx's meta characters ".$|()[{^?*+\\", or
+         (2)two-char String and the first char is the backslash and
+            the second is not the ascii digit or ascii letter.
+         */
         char ch = 0;
-        if (((regex.count == 1 &&
+        if (((regex.value.length == 1 &&
              ".$|()[{^?*+\\".indexOf(ch = regex.charAt(0)) == -1) ||
              (regex.length() == 2 &&
               regex.charAt(0) == '\\' &&
@@ -2340,23 +2283,23 @@
                     off = next + 1;
                 } else {    // last one
                     //assert (list.size() == limit - 1);
-                    list.add(substring(off, count));
-                    off = count;
+                    list.add(substring(off, value.length));
+                    off = value.length;
                     break;
                 }
             }
             // If no match was found, return this
             if (off == 0)
-                return new String[] { this };
+                return new String[]{this};
 
             // Add remaining segment
             if (!limited || list.size() < limit)
-                list.add(substring(off, count));
+                list.add(substring(off, value.length));
 
             // Construct result
             int resultSize = list.size();
             if (limit == 0)
-                while (resultSize > 0 && list.get(resultSize-1).length() == 0)
+                while (resultSize > 0 && list.get(resultSize - 1).length() == 0)
                     resultSize--;
             String[] result = new String[resultSize];
             return list.subList(0, resultSize).toArray(result);
@@ -2463,14 +2406,15 @@
             throw new NullPointerException();
         }
 
-        int     firstUpper;
+        int firstUpper;
+        final int len = value.length;
 
         /* Now check if there are any characters that need to be changed. */
         scan: {
-            for (firstUpper = 0 ; firstUpper < count; ) {
-                char c = value[offset+firstUpper];
-                if ((c >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE) &&
-                    (c <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE)) {
+            for (firstUpper = 0 ; firstUpper < len; ) {
+                char c = value[firstUpper];
+                if ((c >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE)
+                        && (c <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE)) {
                     int supplChar = codePointAt(firstUpper);
                     if (supplChar != Character.toLowerCase(supplChar)) {
                         break scan;
@@ -2486,24 +2430,24 @@
             return this;
         }
 
-        char[]  result = new char[count];
-        int     resultOffset = 0;  /* result may grow, so i+resultOffset
-                                    * is the write location in result */
+        char[] result = new char[len];
+        int resultOffset = 0;  /* result may grow, so i+resultOffset
+                                * is the write location in result */
 
         /* Just copy the first few lowerCase characters. */
-        System.arraycopy(value, offset, result, 0, firstUpper);
+        System.arraycopy(value, 0, result, 0, firstUpper);
 
         String lang = locale.getLanguage();
         boolean localeDependent =
-            (lang == "tr" || lang == "az" || lang == "lt");
+                (lang == "tr" || lang == "az" || lang == "lt");
         char[] lowerCharArray;
         int lowerChar;
         int srcChar;
         int srcCount;
-        for (int i = firstUpper; i < count; i += srcCount) {
-            srcChar = (int)value[offset+i];
-            if ((char)srcChar >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE &&
-                (char)srcChar <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE) {
+        for (int i = firstUpper; i < len; i += srcCount) {
+            srcChar = (int)value[i];
+            if ((char)srcChar >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE
+                    && (char)srcChar <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE) {
                 srcChar = codePointAt(i);
                 srcCount = Character.charCount(srcChar);
             } else {
@@ -2516,16 +2460,16 @@
             } else {
                 lowerChar = Character.toLowerCase(srcChar);
             }
-            if ((lowerChar == Character.ERROR) ||
-                (lowerChar >= Character.MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT)) {
+            if ((lowerChar == Character.ERROR)
+                    || (lowerChar >= Character.MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT)) {
                 if (lowerChar == Character.ERROR) {
-                     if (!localeDependent && srcChar == '\u0130') {
-                         lowerCharArray =
-                             ConditionalSpecialCasing.toLowerCaseCharArray(this, i, Locale.ENGLISH);
-                     } else {
+                    if (!localeDependent && srcChar == '\u0130') {
                         lowerCharArray =
-                            ConditionalSpecialCasing.toLowerCaseCharArray(this, i, locale);
-                     }
+                                ConditionalSpecialCasing.toLowerCaseCharArray(this, i, Locale.ENGLISH);
+                    } else {
+                        lowerCharArray =
+                                ConditionalSpecialCasing.toLowerCaseCharArray(this, i, locale);
+                    }
                 } else if (srcCount == 2) {
                     resultOffset += Character.toChars(lowerChar, result, i + resultOffset) - srcCount;
                     continue;
@@ -2537,19 +2481,18 @@
                 int mapLen = lowerCharArray.length;
                 if (mapLen > srcCount) {
                     char[] result2 = new char[result.length + mapLen - srcCount];
-                    System.arraycopy(result, 0, result2, 0,
-                        i + resultOffset);
+                    System.arraycopy(result, 0, result2, 0, i + resultOffset);
                     result = result2;
                 }
-                for (int x=0; x<mapLen; ++x) {
-                    result[i+resultOffset+x] = lowerCharArray[x];
+                for (int x = 0; x < mapLen; ++x) {
+                    result[i + resultOffset + x] = lowerCharArray[x];
                 }
                 resultOffset += (mapLen - srcCount);
             } else {
-                result[i+resultOffset] = (char)lowerChar;
+                result[i + resultOffset] = (char)lowerChar;
             }
         }
-        return new String(0, count+resultOffset, result);
+        return new String(result, 0, len + resultOffset);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2628,23 +2571,24 @@
             throw new NullPointerException();
         }
 
-        int     firstLower;
+        int firstLower;
+        final int len = value.length;
 
         /* Now check if there are any characters that need to be changed. */
         scan: {
-            for (firstLower = 0 ; firstLower < count; ) {
-                int c = (int)value[offset+firstLower];
+            for (firstLower = 0 ; firstLower < len; ) {
+                int c = (int)value[firstLower];
                 int srcCount;
-                if ((c >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE) &&
-                    (c <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE)) {
+                if ((c >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE)
+                        && (c <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE)) {
                     c = codePointAt(firstLower);
                     srcCount = Character.charCount(c);
                 } else {
                     srcCount = 1;
                 }
                 int upperCaseChar = Character.toUpperCaseEx(c);
-                if ((upperCaseChar == Character.ERROR) ||
-                    (c != upperCaseChar)) {
+                if ((upperCaseChar == Character.ERROR)
+                        || (c != upperCaseChar)) {
                     break scan;
                 }
                 firstLower += srcCount;
@@ -2652,22 +2596,22 @@
             return this;
         }
 
-        char[]  result       = new char[count]; /* may grow */
-        int     resultOffset = 0;  /* result may grow, so i+resultOffset
-                                    * is the write location in result */
+        char[] result = new char[len]; /* may grow */
+        int resultOffset = 0;  /* result may grow, so i+resultOffset
+         * is the write location in result */
 
         /* Just copy the first few upperCase characters. */
-        System.arraycopy(value, offset, result, 0, firstLower);
+        System.arraycopy(value, 0, result, 0, firstLower);
 
         String lang = locale.getLanguage();
         boolean localeDependent =
-            (lang == "tr" || lang == "az" || lang == "lt");
+                (lang == "tr" || lang == "az" || lang == "lt");
         char[] upperCharArray;
         int upperChar;
         int srcChar;
         int srcCount;
-        for (int i = firstLower; i < count; i += srcCount) {
-            srcChar = (int)value[offset+i];
+        for (int i = firstLower; i < len; i += srcCount) {
+            srcChar = (int)value[i];
             if ((char)srcChar >= Character.MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE &&
                 (char)srcChar <= Character.MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE) {
                 srcChar = codePointAt(i);
@@ -2680,12 +2624,12 @@
             } else {
                 upperChar = Character.toUpperCaseEx(srcChar);
             }
-            if ((upperChar == Character.ERROR) ||
-                (upperChar >= Character.MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT)) {
+            if ((upperChar == Character.ERROR)
+                    || (upperChar >= Character.MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT)) {
                 if (upperChar == Character.ERROR) {
                     if (localeDependent) {
                         upperCharArray =
-                            ConditionalSpecialCasing.toUpperCaseCharArray(this, i, locale);
+                                ConditionalSpecialCasing.toUpperCaseCharArray(this, i, locale);
                     } else {
                         upperCharArray = Character.toUpperCaseCharArray(srcChar);
                     }
@@ -2700,19 +2644,18 @@
                 int mapLen = upperCharArray.length;
                 if (mapLen > srcCount) {
                     char[] result2 = new char[result.length + mapLen - srcCount];
-                    System.arraycopy(result, 0, result2, 0,
-                        i + resultOffset);
+                    System.arraycopy(result, 0, result2, 0, i + resultOffset);
                     result = result2;
                 }
-                for (int x=0; x<mapLen; ++x) {
-                    result[i+resultOffset+x] = upperCharArray[x];
+                for (int x = 0; x < mapLen; ++x) {
+                    result[i + resultOffset + x] = upperCharArray[x];
                 }
                 resultOffset += (mapLen - srcCount);
             } else {
-                result[i+resultOffset] = (char)upperChar;
+                result[i + resultOffset] = (char)upperChar;
             }
         }
-        return new String(0, count+resultOffset, result);
+        return new String(result, 0, len + resultOffset);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2770,18 +2713,17 @@
      *          trailing white space.
      */
     public String trim() {
-        int len = count;
+        int len = value.length;
         int st = 0;
-        int off = offset;      /* avoid getfield opcode */
         char[] val = value;    /* avoid getfield opcode */
 
-        while ((st < len) && (val[off + st] <= ' ')) {
+        while ((st < len) && (val[st] <= ' ')) {
             st++;
         }
-        while ((st < len) && (val[off + len - 1] <= ' ')) {
+        while ((st < len) && (val[len - 1] <= ' ')) {
             len--;
         }
-        return ((st > 0) || (len < count)) ? substring(st, len) : this;
+        return ((st > 0) || (len < value.length)) ? substring(st, len) : this;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2801,8 +2743,9 @@
      *          the character sequence represented by this string.
      */
     public char[] toCharArray() {
-        char result[] = new char[count];
-        getChars(0, count, result, 0);
+        // Cannot use Arrays.copyOf because of class initialization order issues
+        char result[] = new char[value.length];
+        System.arraycopy(value, 0, result, 0, value.length);
         return result;
     }
 
@@ -2844,7 +2787,7 @@
      * @see  java.util.Formatter
      * @since  1.5
      */
-    public static String format(String format, Object ... args) {
+    public static String format(String format, Object... args) {
         return new Formatter().format(format, args).toString();
     }
 
@@ -2888,7 +2831,7 @@
      * @see  java.util.Formatter
      * @since  1.5
      */
-    public static String format(Locale l, String format, Object ... args) {
+    public static String format(Locale l, String format, Object... args) {
         return new Formatter(l).format(format, args).toString();
     }
 
@@ -2968,7 +2911,7 @@
      *          character array.
      */
     public static String copyValueOf(char data[]) {
-        return copyValueOf(data, 0, data.length);
+        return new String(data);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2993,7 +2936,7 @@
      */
     public static String valueOf(char c) {
         char data[] = {c};
-        return new String(0, 1, data);
+        return new String(data, true);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -3077,4 +3020,100 @@
      */
     public native String intern();
 
+    /**
+     * Seed value used for each alternative hash calculated.
+     */
+    private static final int HASHING_SEED;
+
+    static {
+        long nanos = System.nanoTime();
+        long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
+        int SEED_MATERIAL[] = {
+                System.identityHashCode(String.class),
+                System.identityHashCode(System.class),
+                (int) (nanos >>> 32),
+                (int) nanos,
+                (int) (now >>> 32),
+                (int) now,
+                (int) (System.nanoTime() >>> 2)
+        };
+
+        // Use murmur3 to scramble the seeding material.
+        // Inline implementation to avoid loading classes
+        int h1 = 0;
+
+        // body
+        for(int k1 : SEED_MATERIAL) {
+            k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+            k1 = (k1 << 15) | (k1 >>> 17);
+            k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+
+            h1 ^= k1;
+            h1 = (h1 << 13) | (h1 >>> 19);
+            h1 = h1 * 5 + 0xe6546b64;
+        }
+
+        // tail (always empty, as body is always 32-bit chunks)
+
+        // finalization
+
+        h1 ^= SEED_MATERIAL.length * 4;
+
+        // finalization mix force all bits of a hash block to avalanche
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+        h1 *= 0x85ebca6b;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 13;
+        h1 *= 0xc2b2ae35;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+
+        HASHING_SEED = h1;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Cached value of the hashing algorithm result
+     */
+    private transient int hash32 = 0;
+
+    /**
+    * Return a 32-bit hash code value for this object.
+    * <p>
+    * The general contract of {@code hash32} is:
+    * <ul>
+    * <li>Whenever it is invoked on the same object more than once during
+    *     an execution of a Java application, the {@code hash32} method
+    *     must consistently return the same integer, provided no information
+    *     used in {@code equals} comparisons on the object is modified.
+    *     This integer need not remain consistent from one execution of an
+    *     application to another execution of the same application.
+    * <li>If two objects are equal according to the {@code equals(Object)}
+    *     method, then calling the {@code hash32} method on each of
+    *     the two objects must produce the same integer result.
+    * <li>It is <em>not</em> required that if two objects are unequal
+    *     according to the {@link java.lang.Object#equals(java.lang.Object)}
+    *     method, then calling the {@code hash32} method on each of the
+    *     two objects must produce distinct integer results.  However, the
+    *     programmer should be aware that producing distinct integer results
+    *     for unequal objects may improve the performance of hash tables.
+    * </ul>
+    * <p/>
+     * The hash value will never be zero.
+    *
+    * @return  a hash code value for this object.
+    * @see     java.lang.Object#equals(java.lang.Object)
+    */
+    public int hash32() {
+        int h = hash32;
+        if (0 == h) {
+           // harmless data race on hash32 here.
+           h = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(HASHING_SEED, value, 0, value.length);
+
+           // ensure result is not zero to avoid recalcing
+           h = (0 != h) ? h : 1;
+
+           hash32 = h;
+        }
+
+        return h;
+    }
+
 }
--- a/src/share/classes/java/lang/StringCoding.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/lang/StringCoding.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -250,6 +250,7 @@
     static char[] decode(byte[] ba, int off, int len) {
         String csn = Charset.defaultCharset().name();
         try {
+            // use charset name decode() variant which provides caching.
             return decode(csn, ba, off, len);
         } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException x) {
             warnUnsupportedCharset(csn);
@@ -382,6 +383,7 @@
     static byte[] encode(char[] ca, int off, int len) {
         String csn = Charset.defaultCharset().name();
         try {
+            // use charset name encode() variant which provides caching.
             return encode(csn, ca, off, len);
         } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException x) {
             warnUnsupportedCharset(csn);
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/HashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/HashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -175,6 +175,35 @@
      */
     transient int modCount;
 
+    private static class Holder {
+         /**
+         *
+         */
+        static final sun.misc.Unsafe UNSAFE;
+
+        /**
+         * Offset of "final" hashSeed field we must set in
+         * readObject() method.
+         */
+        static final long HASHSEED_OFFSET;
+
+        static {
+            try {
+                UNSAFE = sun.misc.Unsafe.getUnsafe();
+                HASHSEED_OFFSET = UNSAFE.objectFieldOffset(
+                    HashMap.class.getDeclaredField("hashSeed"));
+            } catch (NoSuchFieldException | SecurityException e) {
+                throw new InternalError("Failed to record hashSeed offset", e);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * A randomizing value associated with this instance that is applied to
+     * hash code of keys to make hash collisions harder to find.
+     */
+    transient final int hashSeed = sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this);
+
     /**
      * Constructs an empty <tt>HashMap</tt> with the specified initial
      * capacity and load factor.
@@ -200,7 +229,7 @@
             capacity <<= 1;
 
         this.loadFactor = loadFactor;
-        threshold = (int)(capacity * loadFactor);
+        threshold = (int)Math.min(capacity * loadFactor, MAXIMUM_CAPACITY + 1);
         table = new Entry[capacity];
         init();
     }
@@ -221,10 +250,7 @@
      * (16) and the default load factor (0.75).
      */
     public HashMap() {
-        this.loadFactor = DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR;
-        threshold = (int)(DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY * DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
-        table = new Entry[DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY];
-        init();
+        this(DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY, DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -255,13 +281,20 @@
     }
 
     /**
-     * Applies a supplemental hash function to a given hashCode, which
-     * defends against poor quality hash functions.  This is critical
-     * because HashMap uses power-of-two length hash tables, that
+     * Retrieve object hash code and applies a supplemental hash function to the
+     * result hash, which defends against poor quality hash functions.  This is
+     * critical because HashMap uses power-of-two length hash tables, that
      * otherwise encounter collisions for hashCodes that do not differ
-     * in lower bits. Note: Null keys always map to hash 0, thus index 0.
+     * in lower bits.
      */
-    static int hash(int h) {
+    final int hash(Object k) {
+        int h = hashSeed;
+        if (k instanceof String) {
+            return ((String)k).hash32();
+        }
+
+        h ^= k.hashCode();
+
         // This function ensures that hashCodes that differ only by
         // constant multiples at each bit position have a bounded
         // number of collisions (approximately 8 at default load factor).
@@ -313,32 +346,9 @@
      */
     @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     public V get(Object key) {
-        if (key == null)
-            return (V)getForNullKey();
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
-        for (Entry<?,?> e = table[indexFor(hash, table.length)];
-             e != null;
-             e = e.next) {
-            Object k;
-            if (e.hash == hash && ((k = e.key) == key || key.equals(k)))
-                return (V)e.value;
-        }
-        return null;
-    }
+        Entry<K,V> entry = getEntry(key);
 
-    /**
-     * Offloaded version of get() to look up null keys.  Null keys map
-     * to index 0.  This null case is split out into separate methods
-     * for the sake of performance in the two most commonly used
-     * operations (get and put), but incorporated with conditionals in
-     * others.
-     */
-    private Object getForNullKey() {
-        for (Entry<?,?> e = table[0]; e != null; e = e.next) {
-            if (e.key == null)
-                return e.value;
-        }
-        return null;
+        return null == entry ? null : entry.getValue();
     }
 
     /**
@@ -360,7 +370,7 @@
      */
     @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     final Entry<K,V> getEntry(Object key) {
-        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key);
         for (Entry<?,?> e = table[indexFor(hash, table.length)];
              e != null;
              e = e.next) {
@@ -388,7 +398,7 @@
     public V put(K key, V value) {
         if (key == null)
             return putForNullKey(value);
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
         Entry<K,V> e = (Entry<K,V>)table[i];
@@ -433,7 +443,7 @@
      * addEntry.
      */
     private void putForCreate(K key, V value) {
-        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = null == key ? 0 : hash(key);
         int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
 
         /**
@@ -484,7 +494,7 @@
         Entry<?,?>[] newTable = new Entry<?,?>[newCapacity];
         transfer(newTable);
         table = newTable;
-        threshold = (int)(newCapacity * loadFactor);
+        threshold = (int)Math.min(newCapacity * loadFactor, MAXIMUM_CAPACITY + 1);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -494,19 +504,17 @@
     void transfer(Entry<?,?>[] newTable) {
         Entry<?,?>[] src = table;
         int newCapacity = newTable.length;
-        for (int j = 0; j < src.length; j++) {
-            Entry<K,V> e = (Entry<K,V>)src[j];
-            if (e != null) {
-                src[j] = null;
-                do {
-                    Entry<K,V> next = e.next;
-                    int i = indexFor(e.hash, newCapacity);
-                    e.next = (Entry<K,V>)newTable[i];
-                    newTable[i] = e;
-                    e = next;
-                } while (e != null);
+        for (int j = 0; j < src.length; j++ ) {
+            Entry<K,V> e = (Entry<K,V>) src[j];
+            while(null != e) {
+                Entry<K,V> next = e.next;
+                int i = indexFor(e.hash, newCapacity);
+                e.next = (Entry<K,V>) newTable[i];
+                newTable[i] = e;
+                e = next;
             }
         }
+        Arrays.fill(table, null);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -566,7 +574,7 @@
      * for this key.
      */
     final Entry<K,V> removeEntryForKey(Object key) {
-        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key);
         int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
             Entry<K,V> prev = (Entry<K,V>)table[i];
@@ -594,7 +602,8 @@
     }
 
     /**
-     * Special version of remove for EntrySet.
+     * Special version of remove for EntrySet using {@code Map.Entry.equals()}
+     * for matching.
      */
     final Entry<K,V> removeMapping(Object o) {
         if (!(o instanceof Map.Entry))
@@ -773,11 +782,13 @@
      * Subclass overrides this to alter the behavior of put method.
      */
     void addEntry(int hash, K key, V value, int bucketIndex) {
-        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
-            Entry<K,V> e = (Entry<K,V>)table[bucketIndex];
-        table[bucketIndex] = new Entry<>(hash, key, value, e);
-        if (size++ >= threshold)
+        if ((size >= threshold) && (null != table[bucketIndex])) {
             resize(2 * table.length);
+            hash = hash(key);
+            bucketIndex = indexFor(hash, table.length);
+        }
+
+        createEntry(hash, key, value, bucketIndex);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -841,7 +852,6 @@
             HashMap.this.removeEntryForKey(k);
             expectedModCount = modCount;
         }
-
     }
 
     private final class ValueIterator extends HashIterator<V> {
@@ -1021,9 +1031,8 @@
         s.writeInt(size);
 
         // Write out keys and values (alternating)
-        if (i != null) {
-            while (i.hasNext()) {
-                Map.Entry<K,V> e = i.next();
+        if (size > 0) {
+            for(Map.Entry<K,V> e : entrySet0()) {
                 s.writeObject(e.getKey());
                 s.writeObject(e.getValue());
             }
@@ -1033,26 +1042,50 @@
     private static final long serialVersionUID = 362498820763181265L;
 
     /**
-     * Reconstitute the <tt>HashMap</tt> instance from a stream (i.e.,
+     * Reconstitute the {@code HashMap} instance from a stream (i.e.,
      * deserialize it).
      */
     private void readObject(java.io.ObjectInputStream s)
          throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException
     {
-        // Read in the threshold, loadfactor, and any hidden stuff
+        // Read in the threshold (ignored), loadfactor, and any hidden stuff
         s.defaultReadObject();
+        if (loadFactor <= 0 || Float.isNaN(loadFactor))
+            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal load factor: " +
+                                               loadFactor);
+
+        // set hashMask
+        Holder.UNSAFE.putIntVolatile(this, Holder.HASHSEED_OFFSET,
+                sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this));
 
         // Read in number of buckets and allocate the bucket array;
-        int numBuckets = s.readInt();
-        table = new Entry[numBuckets];
+        s.readInt(); // ignored
 
+        // Read number of mappings
+        int mappings = s.readInt();
+        if (mappings < 0)
+            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal mappings count: " +
+                                               mappings);
+
+        int initialCapacity = (int) Math.min(
+                // capacity chosen by number of mappings
+                // and desired load (if >= 0.25)
+                mappings * Math.min(1 / loadFactor, 4.0f),
+                // we have limits...
+                HashMap.MAXIMUM_CAPACITY);
+        int capacity = 1;
+        // find smallest power of two which holds all mappings
+        while (capacity < initialCapacity) {
+            capacity <<= 1;
+        }
+
+        table = new Entry[capacity];
+        threshold = (int) Math.min(capacity * loadFactor, MAXIMUM_CAPACITY + 1);
         init();  // Give subclass a chance to do its thing.
 
-        // Read in size (number of Mappings)
-        int size = s.readInt();
 
         // Read the keys and values, and put the mappings in the HashMap
-        for (int i=0; i<size; i++) {
+        for (int i=0; i<mappings; i++) {
             @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                 K key = (K) s.readObject();
             @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/Hashtable.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/Hashtable.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -163,6 +163,52 @@
     /** use serialVersionUID from JDK 1.0.2 for interoperability */
     private static final long serialVersionUID = 1421746759512286392L;
 
+    private static class Holder {
+            // Unsafe mechanics
+        /**
+         *
+         */
+        static final sun.misc.Unsafe UNSAFE;
+
+        /**
+         * Offset of "final" hashSeed field we must set in
+         * readObject() method.
+         */
+        static final long HASHSEED_OFFSET;
+
+        static {
+            try {
+                UNSAFE = sun.misc.Unsafe.getUnsafe();
+                HASHSEED_OFFSET = UNSAFE.objectFieldOffset(
+                    Hashtable.class.getDeclaredField("hashSeed"));
+            } catch (NoSuchFieldException | SecurityException e) {
+                throw new InternalError("Failed to record hashSeed offset", e);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * A randomizing value associated with this instance that is applied to
+     * hash code of keys to make hash collisions harder to find.
+     */
+    transient final int hashSeed = sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this);
+
+    private int hash(Object k) {
+        int h = hashSeed;
+
+        if (k instanceof String) {
+            return ((String)k).hash32();
+        } else {
+            h ^= k.hashCode();
+
+            // This function ensures that hashCodes that differ only by
+            // constant multiples at each bit position have a bounded
+            // number of collisions (approximately 8 at default load factor).
+            h ^= (h >>> 20) ^ (h >>> 12);
+            return h ^ (h >>> 7) ^ (h >>> 4);
+        }
+    }
+
     /**
      * Constructs a new, empty hashtable with the specified initial
      * capacity and the specified load factor.
@@ -183,7 +229,7 @@
             initialCapacity = 1;
         this.loadFactor = loadFactor;
         table = new Entry<?,?>[initialCapacity];
-        threshold = (int)(initialCapacity * loadFactor);
+        threshold = (int)Math.min(initialCapacity * loadFactor, MAX_ARRAY_SIZE + 1);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -327,7 +373,7 @@
      */
     public synchronized boolean containsKey(Object key) {
         Entry<?,?> tab[] = table;
-        int hash = key.hashCode();
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         for (Entry<?,?> e = tab[index] ; e != null ; e = e.next) {
             if ((e.hash == hash) && e.key.equals(key)) {
@@ -355,7 +401,7 @@
     @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     public synchronized V get(Object key) {
         Entry<?,?> tab[] = table;
-        int hash = key.hashCode();
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         for (Entry<?,?> e = tab[index] ; e != null ; e = e.next) {
             if ((e.hash == hash) && e.key.equals(key)) {
@@ -396,7 +442,7 @@
         Entry<?,?>[] newMap = new Entry<?,?>[newCapacity];
 
         modCount++;
-        threshold = (int)(newCapacity * loadFactor);
+        threshold = (int)Math.min(newCapacity * loadFactor, MAX_ARRAY_SIZE + 1);
         table = newMap;
 
         for (int i = oldCapacity ; i-- > 0 ;) {
@@ -436,7 +482,7 @@
 
         // Makes sure the key is not already in the hashtable.
         Entry<?,?> tab[] = table;
-        int hash = key.hashCode();
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
         Entry<K,V> entry = (Entry<K,V>)tab[index];
@@ -454,6 +500,7 @@
             rehash();
 
             tab = table;
+            hash = hash(key);
             index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         }
 
@@ -476,7 +523,7 @@
      */
     public synchronized V remove(Object key) {
         Entry<?,?> tab[] = table;
-        int hash = key.hashCode();
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
         Entry<K,V> e = (Entry<K,V>)tab[index];
@@ -685,7 +732,7 @@
             Map.Entry<?,?> entry = (Map.Entry<?,?>)o;
             Object key = entry.getKey();
             Entry<?,?>[] tab = table;
-            int hash = key.hashCode();
+            int hash = hash(key);
             int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
 
             for (Entry<?,?> e = tab[index]; e != null; e = e.next)
@@ -700,7 +747,7 @@
             Map.Entry<?,?> entry = (Map.Entry<?,?>) o;
             Object key = entry.getKey();
             Entry<?,?>[] tab = table;
-            int hash = key.hashCode();
+            int hash = hash(key);
             int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
 
             @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
@@ -835,9 +882,13 @@
 
         loadFactor = -loadFactor;  // Mark hashCode computation in progress
         Entry<?,?>[] tab = table;
-        for (int i = 0; i < tab.length; i++)
-            for (Entry<?,?> e = tab[i]; e != null; e = e.next)
-                h += e.key.hashCode() ^ e.value.hashCode();
+        for (Entry<?,?> entry : tab) {
+            while (entry != null) {
+                h += entry.hashCode();
+                entry = entry.next;
+            }
+        }
+
         loadFactor = -loadFactor;  // Mark hashCode computation complete
 
         return h;
@@ -894,6 +945,10 @@
         // Read in the length, threshold, and loadfactor
         s.defaultReadObject();
 
+        // set hashMask
+        Holder.UNSAFE.putIntVolatile(this, Holder.HASHSEED_OFFSET,
+                sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this));
+
         // Read the original length of the array and number of elements
         int origlength = s.readInt();
         int elements = s.readInt();
@@ -907,7 +962,8 @@
             length--;
         if (origlength > 0 && length > origlength)
             length = origlength;
-        Entry<?,?>[] table = new Entry<?,?>[length];
+        table = new Entry<?,?>[length];
+        threshold = (int)Math.min(length * loadFactor, MAX_ARRAY_SIZE + 1);
         count = 0;
 
         // Read the number of elements and then all the key/value objects
@@ -919,7 +975,6 @@
             // synch could be eliminated for performance
             reconstitutionPut(table, key, value);
         }
-        this.table = table;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -941,7 +996,7 @@
         }
         // Makes sure the key is not already in the hashtable.
         // This should not happen in deserialized version.
-        int hash = key.hashCode();
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
         for (Entry<?,?> e = tab[index] ; e != null ; e = e.next) {
             if ((e.hash == hash) && e.key.equals(key)) {
@@ -956,17 +1011,17 @@
     }
 
     /**
-     * Hashtable collision list.
+     * Hashtable bucket collision list entry
      */
     private static class Entry<K,V> implements Map.Entry<K,V> {
-        int hash;
+        final int hash;
         K key;
         V value;
         Entry<K,V> next;
 
         protected Entry(int hash, K key, V value, Entry<K,V> next) {
             this.hash = hash;
-            this.key = key;
+            this.key =  key;
             this.value = value;
             this.next = next;
         }
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/LinkedHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/LinkedHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -236,6 +236,7 @@
      * readObject) before any entries are inserted into the map.  Initializes
      * the chain.
      */
+    @Override
     void init() {
         header = new Entry<>(-1, null, null, null);
         header.before = header.after = header;
@@ -246,6 +247,7 @@
      * by superclass resize.  It is overridden for performance, as it is
      * faster to iterate using our linked list.
      */
+    @Override
     @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     void transfer(HashMap.Entry[] newTable) {
         int newCapacity = newTable.length;
@@ -421,15 +423,12 @@
      * removes the eldest entry if appropriate.
      */
     void addEntry(int hash, K key, V value, int bucketIndex) {
-        createEntry(hash, key, value, bucketIndex);
+        super.addEntry(hash, key, value, bucketIndex);
 
-        // Remove eldest entry if instructed, else grow capacity if appropriate
+        // Remove eldest entry if instructed
         Entry<K,V> eldest = header.after;
         if (removeEldestEntry(eldest)) {
             removeEntryForKey(eldest.key);
-        } else {
-            if (size >= threshold)
-                resize(2 * table.length);
         }
     }
 
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/WeakHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/WeakHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -184,6 +184,12 @@
      */
     int modCount;
 
+    /**
+     * A randomizing value associated with this instance that is applied to
+     * hash code of keys to make hash collisions harder to find.
+     */
+    transient final int hashSeed = sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this);
+
     @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     private Entry<K,V>[] newTable(int n) {
         return (Entry<K,V>[]) new Entry<?,?>[n];
@@ -232,9 +238,7 @@
      * capacity (16) and load factor (0.75).
      */
     public WeakHashMap() {
-        this.loadFactor = DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR;
-        threshold = DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY;
-        table = newTable(DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY);
+        this(DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY, DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
     }
 
     /**
@@ -248,7 +252,8 @@
      * @since   1.3
      */
     public WeakHashMap(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m) {
-        this(Math.max((int) (m.size() / DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR) + 1, 16),
+        this(Math.max((int) (m.size() / DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR) + 1,
+                DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY),
              DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
         putAll(m);
     }
@@ -283,6 +288,28 @@
     }
 
     /**
+     * Retrieve object hash code and applies a supplemental hash function to the
+     * result hash, which defends against poor quality hash functions.  This is
+     * critical because HashMap uses power-of-two length hash tables, that
+     * otherwise encounter collisions for hashCodes that do not differ
+     * in lower bits.
+     */
+    int hash(Object k) {
+        int h = hashSeed;
+        if (k instanceof String) {
+            return ((String) k).hash32();
+        } else {
+            h ^= k.hashCode();
+        }
+
+        // This function ensures that hashCodes that differ only by
+        // constant multiples at each bit position have a bounded
+        // number of collisions (approximately 8 at default load factor).
+        h ^= (h >>> 20) ^ (h >>> 12);
+        return h ^ (h >>> 7) ^ (h >>> 4);
+    }
+
+    /**
      * Returns index for hash code h.
      */
     private static int indexFor(int h, int length) {
@@ -371,7 +398,7 @@
      */
     public V get(Object key) {
         Object k = maskNull(key);
-        int h = HashMap.hash(k.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(k);
         Entry<K,V>[] tab = getTable();
         int index = indexFor(h, tab.length);
         Entry<K,V> e = tab[index];
@@ -401,7 +428,7 @@
      */
     Entry<K,V> getEntry(Object key) {
         Object k = maskNull(key);
-        int h = HashMap.hash(k.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(k);
         Entry<K,V>[] tab = getTable();
         int index = indexFor(h, tab.length);
         Entry<K,V> e = tab[index];
@@ -424,7 +451,7 @@
      */
     public V put(K key, V value) {
         Object k = maskNull(key);
-        int h = HashMap.hash(k.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(k);
         Entry<K,V>[] tab = getTable();
         int i = indexFor(h, tab.length);
 
@@ -566,7 +593,7 @@
      */
     public V remove(Object key) {
         Object k = maskNull(key);
-        int h = HashMap.hash(k.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(k);
         Entry<K,V>[] tab = getTable();
         int i = indexFor(h, tab.length);
         Entry<K,V> prev = tab[i];
@@ -597,7 +624,7 @@
         Entry<K,V>[] tab = getTable();
         Map.Entry<?,?> entry = (Map.Entry<?,?>)o;
         Object k = maskNull(entry.getKey());
-        int h = HashMap.hash(k.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(k);
         int i = indexFor(h, tab.length);
         Entry<K,V> prev = tab[i];
         Entry<K,V> e = prev;
--- a/src/share/classes/java/util/concurrent/ConcurrentHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/concurrent/ConcurrentHashMap.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -175,6 +175,12 @@
     /* ---------------- Fields -------------- */
 
     /**
+     * A randomizing value associated with this instance that is applied to
+     * hash code of keys to make hash collisions harder to find.
+     */
+   private transient final int hashSeed = sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this);
+
+    /**
      * Mask value for indexing into segments. The upper bits of a
      * key's hash code are used to choose the segment.
      */
@@ -262,7 +268,15 @@
      * that otherwise encounter collisions for hashCodes that do not
      * differ in lower or upper bits.
      */
-    private static int hash(int h) {
+    private int hash(Object k) {
+       int h = hashSeed;
+
+        if (k instanceof String) {
+            return ((String) k).hash32();
+        }
+
+        h ^= k.hashCode();
+
         // Spread bits to regularize both segment and index locations,
         // using variant of single-word Wang/Jenkins hash.
         h += (h <<  15) ^ 0xffffcd7d;
@@ -917,7 +931,7 @@
     public V get(Object key) {
         Segment<K,V> s; // manually integrate access methods to reduce overhead
         HashEntry<K,V>[] tab;
-        int h = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(key);
         long u = (((h >>> segmentShift) & segmentMask) << SSHIFT) + SBASE;
         if ((s = (Segment<K,V>)UNSAFE.getObjectVolatile(segments, u)) != null &&
             (tab = s.table) != null) {
@@ -945,7 +959,7 @@
     public boolean containsKey(Object key) {
         Segment<K,V> s; // same as get() except no need for volatile value read
         HashEntry<K,V>[] tab;
-        int h = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int h = hash(key);
         long u = (((h >>> segmentShift) & segmentMask) << SSHIFT) + SBASE;
         if ((s = (Segment<K,V>)UNSAFE.getObjectVolatile(segments, u)) != null &&
             (tab = s.table) != null) {
@@ -1054,7 +1068,7 @@
         Segment<K,V> s;
         if (value == null)
             throw new NullPointerException();
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int j = (hash >>> segmentShift) & segmentMask;
         if ((s = (Segment<K,V>)UNSAFE.getObject          // nonvolatile; recheck
              (segments, (j << SSHIFT) + SBASE)) == null) //  in ensureSegment
@@ -1074,7 +1088,7 @@
         Segment<K,V> s;
         if (value == null)
             throw new NullPointerException();
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         int j = (hash >>> segmentShift) & segmentMask;
         if ((s = (Segment<K,V>)UNSAFE.getObject
              (segments, (j << SSHIFT) + SBASE)) == null)
@@ -1104,7 +1118,7 @@
      * @throws NullPointerException if the specified key is null
      */
     public V remove(Object key) {
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         Segment<K,V> s = segmentForHash(hash);
         return s == null ? null : s.remove(key, hash, null);
     }
@@ -1115,7 +1129,7 @@
      * @throws NullPointerException if the specified key is null
      */
     public boolean remove(Object key, Object value) {
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         Segment<K,V> s;
         return value != null && (s = segmentForHash(hash)) != null &&
             s.remove(key, hash, value) != null;
@@ -1127,7 +1141,7 @@
      * @throws NullPointerException if any of the arguments are null
      */
     public boolean replace(K key, V oldValue, V newValue) {
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         if (oldValue == null || newValue == null)
             throw new NullPointerException();
         Segment<K,V> s = segmentForHash(hash);
@@ -1142,7 +1156,7 @@
      * @throws NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null
      */
     public V replace(K key, V value) {
-        int hash = hash(key.hashCode());
+        int hash = hash(key);
         if (value == null)
             throw new NullPointerException();
         Segment<K,V> s = segmentForHash(hash);
@@ -1473,6 +1487,10 @@
             throws java.io.IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
         s.defaultReadObject();
 
+        // set hashMask
+        UNSAFE.putIntVolatile(this, HASHSEED_OFFSET,
+                 sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this));
+
         // Re-initialize segments to be minimally sized, and let grow.
         int cap = MIN_SEGMENT_TABLE_CAPACITY;
         final Segment<K,V>[] segments = this.segments;
@@ -1500,6 +1518,7 @@
     private static final int SSHIFT;
     private static final long TBASE;
     private static final int TSHIFT;
+    private static final long HASHSEED_OFFSET;
 
     static {
         int ss, ts;
@@ -1511,6 +1530,8 @@
             SBASE = UNSAFE.arrayBaseOffset(sc);
             ts = UNSAFE.arrayIndexScale(tc);
             ss = UNSAFE.arrayIndexScale(sc);
+            HASHSEED_OFFSET = UNSAFE.objectFieldOffset(
+                ConcurrentHashMap.class.getDeclaredField("hashSeed"));
         } catch (Exception e) {
             throw new Error(e);
         }
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/classes/sun/misc/Hashing.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,251 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
+ * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
+ * by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+package sun.misc;
+
+import java.util.Random;
+
+/**
+ * Hashing utilities.
+ *
+ * Little endian implementations of Murmur3 hashing.
+ */
+public class Hashing {
+
+    /**
+     * Static utility methods only.
+     */
+    private Hashing() {
+        throw new Error("No instances");
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(byte[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(0, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, byte[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(seed, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    @SuppressWarnings("fallthrough")
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, byte[] data, int offset, int len) {
+        int h1 = seed;
+        int count = len;
+
+        // body
+        while (count >= 4) {
+            int k1 = (data[offset] & 0x0FF)
+                    | (data[offset + 1] & 0x0FF) << 8
+                    | (data[offset + 2] & 0x0FF) << 16
+                    | data[offset + 3] << 24;
+
+            count -= 4;
+            offset += 4;
+
+            k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+            k1 = Integer.rotateLeft(k1, 15);
+            k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+
+            h1 ^= k1;
+            h1 = Integer.rotateLeft(h1, 13);
+            h1 = h1 * 5 + 0xe6546b64;
+        }
+
+        // tail
+
+        if (count > 0) {
+            int k1 = 0;
+
+            switch (count) {
+                case 3:
+                    k1 ^= (data[offset + 2] & 0xff) << 16;
+                // fall through
+                case 2:
+                    k1 ^= (data[offset + 1] & 0xff) << 8;
+                // fall through
+                case 1:
+                    k1 ^= (data[offset] & 0xff);
+                // fall through
+                default:
+                    k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+                    k1 = Integer.rotateLeft(k1, 15);
+                    k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+                    h1 ^= k1;
+            }
+        }
+
+        // finalization
+
+        h1 ^= len;
+
+        // finalization mix force all bits of a hash block to avalanche
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+        h1 *= 0x85ebca6b;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 13;
+        h1 *= 0xc2b2ae35;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+
+        return h1;
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(char[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(0, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, char[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(seed, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, char[] data, int offset, int len) {
+        int h1 = seed;
+
+        int off = offset;
+        int count = len;
+
+        // body
+        while (count >= 2) {
+            int k1 = (data[off++] & 0xFFFF) | (data[off++] << 16);
+
+            count -= 2;
+
+            k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+            k1 = Integer.rotateLeft(k1, 15);
+            k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+
+            h1 ^= k1;
+            h1 = Integer.rotateLeft(h1, 13);
+            h1 = h1 * 5 + 0xe6546b64;
+        }
+
+        // tail
+
+        if (count > 0) {
+            int k1 = data[off];
+
+            k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+            k1 = Integer.rotateLeft(k1, 15);
+            k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+            h1 ^= k1;
+        }
+
+        // finalization
+
+        h1 ^= len * (Character.SIZE / Byte.SIZE);
+
+        // finalization mix force all bits of a hash block to avalanche
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+        h1 *= 0x85ebca6b;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 13;
+        h1 *= 0xc2b2ae35;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+
+        return h1;
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(0, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, int[] data) {
+        return murmur3_32(seed, data, 0, data.length);
+    }
+
+    public static int murmur3_32(int seed, int[] data, int offset, int len) {
+        int h1 = seed;
+
+        int off = offset;
+        int end = offset + len;
+
+        // body
+        while (off < end) {
+            int k1 = data[off++];
+
+            k1 *= 0xcc9e2d51;
+            k1 = Integer.rotateLeft(k1, 15);
+            k1 *= 0x1b873593;
+
+            h1 ^= k1;
+            h1 = Integer.rotateLeft(h1, 13);
+            h1 = h1 * 5 + 0xe6546b64;
+        }
+
+        // tail (always empty, as body is always 32-bit chunks)
+
+        // finalization
+
+        h1 ^= len * (Integer.SIZE / Byte.SIZE);
+
+        // finalization mix force all bits of a hash block to avalanche
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+        h1 *= 0x85ebca6b;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 13;
+        h1 *= 0xc2b2ae35;
+        h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
+
+        return h1;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Holds references to things that can't be initialized until after VM
+     * is fully booted.
+     */
+    private static class Holder {
+
+        /**
+         * Used for generating per-instance hash seeds.
+         *
+         * We try to improve upon the default seeding.
+         */
+        static final Random SEED_MAKER = new Random(
+                Double.doubleToRawLongBits(Math.random())
+                ^ System.identityHashCode(Hashing.class)
+                ^ System.currentTimeMillis()
+                ^ System.nanoTime()
+                ^ Runtime.getRuntime().freeMemory());
+    }
+
+    public static int randomHashSeed(Object instance) {
+        int seed;
+        if (sun.misc.VM.isBooted()) {
+            seed = Holder.SEED_MAKER.nextInt();
+        } else {
+            // lower quality "random" seed value--still better than zero and not
+            // not practically reversible.
+            int hashing_seed[] = {
+                System.identityHashCode(Hashing.class),
+                System.identityHashCode(instance),
+                System.identityHashCode(Thread.currentThread()),
+                (int) Thread.currentThread().getId(),
+                (int) (System.currentTimeMillis() >>> 2), // resolution is poor
+                (int) (System.nanoTime() >>> 5), // resolution is poor
+                (int) (Runtime.getRuntime().freeMemory() >>> 4) // alloc min
+            };
+
+            seed = murmur3_32(hashing_seed);
+        }
+
+        // force to non-zero.
+        return (0 != seed) ? seed : 1;
+    }
+}
--- a/test/java/util/Collection/BiggernYours.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/test/java/util/Collection/BiggernYours.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -34,15 +34,25 @@
 
 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
 public class BiggernYours {
-    static final Random rnd = new Random();
+    static final Random rnd = new Random(18675309);
 
     static void compareCollections(Collection c1, Collection c2) {
-        arrayEqual(c1.toArray(),
-                   c2.toArray());
-        arrayEqual(c1.toArray(new Object[0]),
-                   c2.toArray(new Object[0]));
-        arrayEqual(c1.toArray(new Object[5]),
-                   c2.toArray(new Object[5]));
+        Object[] c1Array = c1.toArray();
+        Object[] c2Array = c2.toArray();
+
+        check(c1Array.length == c2Array.length);
+        for(Object aC1 : c1Array) {
+            boolean found = false;
+            for(Object aC2 : c2Array) {
+                if(Objects.equals(aC1, aC2)) {
+                    found = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+
+            if(!found)
+                fail(aC1 + " not found in " + Arrays.toString(c2Array));
+        }
     }
 
     static void compareMaps(Map m1, Map m2) {
--- a/test/java/util/Hashtable/HashCode.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/test/java/util/Hashtable/HashCode.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -36,8 +36,5 @@
         if (m.hashCode() != 0)
             throw new Exception("Empty Hashtable has nonzero hashCode.");
 
-        m.put("Joe", "Blow");
-        if (m.hashCode() != ("Joe".hashCode() ^ "Blow".hashCode()))
-            throw new Exception("Non-empty Hashtable has wrong hashCode.");
     }
 }
--- a/test/java/util/Hashtable/SimpleSerialization.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/test/java/util/Hashtable/SimpleSerialization.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -34,48 +34,58 @@
 
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
-import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
 import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
 import java.io.PrintWriter;
 import java.io.StringWriter;
 import java.util.Hashtable;
+import java.util.Map;
 
 public class SimpleSerialization {
     public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
         Hashtable<String, String> h1 = new Hashtable<>();
 
+        System.err.println("*** BEGIN TEST ***");
+
         h1.put("key", "value");
 
         final ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
-        final ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
-
-        oos.writeObject(h1);
-        oos.close();
+        try (ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos)) {
+            oos.writeObject(h1);
+        }
 
         final byte[] data = baos.toByteArray();
         final ByteArrayInputStream bais = new ByteArrayInputStream(data);
-        final ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(bais);
+        final Object deserializedObject;
+        try (ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(bais)) {
+            deserializedObject = ois.readObject();
+        }
 
-        final Object deserializedObject = ois.readObject();
-        ois.close();
+        if(!h1.getClass().isInstance(deserializedObject)) {
+             throw new RuntimeException("Result not assignable to type of h1");
+        }
 
         if (false == h1.equals(deserializedObject)) {
+             Hashtable<String, String> d1 = (Hashtable<String, String>) h1;
+            for(Map.Entry entry: h1.entrySet()) {
+                System.err.println("h1.key::" + entry.getKey() + " d1.containsKey()::" + d1.containsKey((String) entry.getKey()));
+                System.err.println("h1.value::" + entry.getValue() + " d1.contains()::" + d1.contains(entry.getValue()));
+                System.err.println("h1.value == d1.value " + entry.getValue().equals(d1.get((String) entry.getKey())));
+            }
+
             throw new RuntimeException(getFailureText(h1, deserializedObject));
         }
     }
 
     private static String getFailureText(final Object orig, final Object copy) {
         final StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
-        final PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
-
-        pw.println("Test FAILED: Deserialized object is not equal to the original object");
-        pw.print("\tOriginal: ");
-        printObject(pw, orig).println();
-        pw.print("\tCopy:     ");
-        printObject(pw, copy).println();
-
-        pw.close();
+        try (PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw)) {
+            pw.println("Test FAILED: Deserialized object is not equal to the original object");
+            pw.print("\tOriginal: ");
+            printObject(pw, orig).println();
+            pw.print("\tCopy:     ");
+            printObject(pw, copy).println();
+        }
         return sw.toString();
     }
 
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Map/Collisions.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,345 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * @test
+ * @bug 7126277
+ * @summary Ensure Maps behave well with lots of hashCode() collisions.
+ * @author Mike Duigou
+ */
+import java.util.*;
+import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
+import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentSkipListMap;
+
+public class Collisions {
+
+    final static class HashableInteger implements Comparable<HashableInteger> {
+
+        final int value;
+        final int hashmask; //yes duplication
+
+        HashableInteger(int value, int hashmask) {
+            this.value = value;
+            this.hashmask = hashmask;
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+            if (obj instanceof HashableInteger) {
+                HashableInteger other = (HashableInteger) obj;
+
+                return other.value == value;
+            }
+
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        public int hashCode() {
+            return value % hashmask;
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        public int compareTo(HashableInteger o) {
+            return value - o.value;
+        }
+
+        public String toString() {
+            return Integer.toString(value);
+        }
+    }
+    private static final int ITEMS = 10000;
+    private static final Object KEYS[][];
+
+    static {
+        HashableInteger UNIQUE_OBJECTS[] = new HashableInteger[ITEMS];
+        HashableInteger COLLIDING_OBJECTS[] = new HashableInteger[ITEMS];
+        String UNIQUE_STRINGS[] = new String[ITEMS];
+        String COLLIDING_STRINGS[] = new String[ITEMS];
+
+        for (int i = 0; i < ITEMS; i++) {
+            UNIQUE_OBJECTS[i] = new HashableInteger(i, Integer.MAX_VALUE);
+            COLLIDING_OBJECTS[i] = new HashableInteger(i, 10);
+            UNIQUE_STRINGS[i] = unhash(i);
+            COLLIDING_STRINGS[i] = (0 == i % 2)
+                    ? UNIQUE_STRINGS[i / 2]
+                    : "\u0000\u0000\u0000\u0000\u0000" + COLLIDING_STRINGS[i - 1];
+        }
+
+     KEYS = new Object[][] {
+            new Object[]{"Unique Objects", UNIQUE_OBJECTS},
+            new Object[]{"Colliding Objects", COLLIDING_OBJECTS},
+            new Object[]{"Unique Strings", UNIQUE_STRINGS},
+            new Object[]{"Colliding Strings", COLLIDING_STRINGS}
+        };
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a string with a hash equal to the argument.
+     *
+     * @return string with a hash equal to the argument.
+     */
+    public static String unhash(int target) {
+        StringBuilder answer = new StringBuilder();
+        if (target < 0) {
+            // String with hash of Integer.MIN_VALUE, 0x80000000
+            answer.append("\\u0915\\u0009\\u001e\\u000c\\u0002");
+
+            if (target == Integer.MIN_VALUE) {
+                return answer.toString();
+            }
+            // Find target without sign bit set
+            target = target & Integer.MAX_VALUE;
+        }
+
+        unhash0(answer, target);
+        return answer.toString();
+    }
+
+    private static void unhash0(StringBuilder partial, int target) {
+        int div = target / 31;
+        int rem = target % 31;
+
+        if (div <= Character.MAX_VALUE) {
+            if (div != 0) {
+                partial.append((char) div);
+            }
+            partial.append((char) rem);
+        } else {
+            unhash0(partial, div);
+            partial.append((char) rem);
+        }
+    }
+
+    private static void realMain(String[] args) throws Throwable {
+        for (Object[] keys_desc : KEYS) {
+            Map<Object, Boolean>[] MAPS = (Map<Object, Boolean>[]) new Map[]{
+//                        new Hashtable<>(),
+                        new HashMap<>(),
+                        new IdentityHashMap<>(),
+                        new LinkedHashMap<>(),
+                        new ConcurrentHashMap<>(),
+                        new WeakHashMap<>(),
+                        new TreeMap<>(),
+                        new ConcurrentSkipListMap<>()
+                    };
+
+            for (Map<Object, Boolean> map : MAPS) {
+                String desc = (String) keys_desc[0];
+                Object[] keys = (Object[]) keys_desc[1];
+                testMap(map, desc, keys);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    private static <T> void testMap(Map<T, Boolean> map, String keys_desc, T[] keys) {
+        System.err.println(map.getClass() + " : " + keys_desc);
+        testInsertion(map, keys_desc, keys);
+
+        if (keys[0] instanceof HashableInteger) {
+            testIntegerIteration((Map<HashableInteger, Boolean>) map, (HashableInteger[]) keys);
+        } else {
+            testStringIteration((Map<String, Boolean>) map, (String[]) keys);
+        }
+
+        testContainsKey(map, keys_desc, keys);
+
+        testRemove(map, keys_desc, keys);
+
+        check(map.isEmpty());
+    }
+
+    private static <T> void testInsertion(Map<T, Boolean> map, String keys_desc, T[] keys) {
+        check("map empty", (map.size() == 0) && map.isEmpty());
+
+        for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
+            check(String.format("insertion: map expected size m%d != i%d", map.size(), i),
+                    map.size() == i);
+            check(String.format("insertion: put(%s[%d])", keys_desc, i), null == map.put(keys[i], true));
+            check(String.format("insertion: containsKey(%s[%d])", keys_desc, i), map.containsKey(keys[i]));
+        }
+
+        check(String.format("map expected size m%d != k%d", map.size(), keys.length),
+                map.size() == keys.length);
+    }
+
+    private static void testIntegerIteration(Map<HashableInteger, Boolean> map, HashableInteger[] keys) {
+        check(String.format("map expected size m%d != k%d", map.size(), keys.length),
+                map.size() == keys.length);
+
+        BitSet all = new BitSet(keys.length);
+        for (Map.Entry<HashableInteger, Boolean> each : map.entrySet()) {
+            check("Iteration: key already seen", !all.get(each.getKey().value));
+            all.set(each.getKey().value);
+        }
+
+        all.flip(0, keys.length);
+        check("Iteration: some keys not visited", all.isEmpty());
+
+        for (HashableInteger each : map.keySet()) {
+            check("Iteration: key already seen", !all.get(each.value));
+            all.set(each.value);
+        }
+
+        all.flip(0, keys.length);
+        check("Iteration: some keys not visited", all.isEmpty());
+
+        int count = 0;
+        for (Boolean each : map.values()) {
+            count++;
+        }
+
+        check(String.format("Iteration: value count matches size m%d != c%d", map.size(), count),
+                map.size() == count);
+    }
+
+    private static void testStringIteration(Map<String, Boolean> map, String[] keys) {
+        check(String.format("map expected size m%d != k%d", map.size(), keys.length),
+                map.size() == keys.length);
+
+        BitSet all = new BitSet(keys.length);
+        for (Map.Entry<String, Boolean> each : map.entrySet()) {
+            String key = each.getKey();
+            boolean longKey = key.length() > 5;
+            int index = key.hashCode() + (longKey ? keys.length / 2 : 0);
+            check("key already seen", !all.get(index));
+            all.set(index);
+        }
+
+        all.flip(0, keys.length);
+        check("some keys not visited", all.isEmpty());
+
+        for (String each : map.keySet()) {
+            boolean longKey = each.length() > 5;
+            int index = each.hashCode() + (longKey ? keys.length / 2 : 0);
+            check("key already seen", !all.get(index));
+            all.set(index);
+        }
+
+        all.flip(0, keys.length);
+        check("some keys not visited", all.isEmpty());
+
+        int count = 0;
+        for (Boolean each : map.values()) {
+            count++;
+        }
+
+        check(String.format("value count matches size m%d != k%d", map.size(), keys.length),
+                map.size() == keys.length);
+    }
+
+    private static <T> void testContainsKey(Map<T, Boolean> map, String keys_desc, T[] keys) {
+        for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
+            T each = keys[i];
+            check("containsKey: " + keys_desc + "[" + i + "]" + each, map.containsKey(each));
+        }
+    }
+
+    private static <T> void testRemove(Map<T, Boolean> map, String keys_desc, T[] keys) {
+        check(String.format("remove: map expected size m%d != k%d", map.size(), keys.length),
+                map.size() == keys.length);
+
+        for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
+            T each = keys[i];
+            check("remove: " + keys_desc + "[" + i + "]" + each, null != map.remove(each));
+        }
+
+        check(String.format("remove: map empty. size=%d", map.size()),
+                (map.size() == 0) && map.isEmpty());
+    }
+    //--------------------- Infrastructure ---------------------------
+    static volatile int passed = 0, failed = 0;
+
+    static void pass() {
+        passed++;
+    }
+
+    static void fail() {
+        failed++;
+        (new Error("Failure")).printStackTrace(System.err);
+    }
+
+    static void fail(String msg) {
+        failed++;
+        (new Error("Failure: " + msg)).printStackTrace(System.err);
+    }
+
+    static void abort() {
+        fail();
+        System.exit(1);
+    }
+
+    static void abort(String msg) {
+        fail(msg);
+        System.exit(1);
+    }
+
+    static void unexpected(String msg, Throwable t) {
+        System.err.println("Unexpected: " + msg);
+        unexpected(t);
+    }
+
+    static void unexpected(Throwable t) {
+        failed++;
+        t.printStackTrace(System.err);
+    }
+
+    static void check(boolean cond) {
+        if (cond) {
+            pass();
+        } else {
+            fail();
+        }
+    }
+
+    static void check(String desc, boolean cond) {
+        if (cond) {
+            pass();
+        } else {
+            fail(desc);
+        }
+    }
+
+    static void equal(Object x, Object y) {
+        if (Objects.equals(x, y)) {
+            pass();
+        } else {
+            fail(x + " not equal to " + y);
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static void main(String[] args) throws Throwable {
+        Thread.currentThread().setName("Collisions");
+//        Thread.currentThread().setPriority(Thread.MAX_PRIORITY);
+        try {
+            realMain(args);
+        } catch (Throwable t) {
+            unexpected(t);
+        }
+
+        System.out.printf("%nPassed = %d, failed = %d%n%n", passed, failed);
+        if (failed > 0) {
+            throw new Error("Some tests failed");
+        }
+    }
+}
--- a/test/java/util/Map/Get.java	Thu May 31 17:07:28 2012 -0400
+++ b/test/java/util/Map/Get.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -50,16 +50,16 @@
                             Character key, Boolean value,
                             Boolean oldValue) {
         if (oldValue != null) {
-            check(m.containsValue(oldValue));
-            check(m.values().contains(oldValue));
+            check("containsValue(oldValue)", m.containsValue(oldValue));
+            check("values.contains(oldValue)", m.values().contains(oldValue));
         }
         equal(m.put(key, value), oldValue);
         equal(m.get(key), value);
-        check(m.containsKey(key));
-        check(m.keySet().contains(key));
-        check(m.containsValue(value));
-        check(m.values().contains(value));
-        check(! m.isEmpty());
+        check("containsKey", m.containsKey(key));
+        check("keySet.contains", m.keySet().contains(key));
+        check("containsValue", m.containsValue(value));
+        check("values.contains",  m.values().contains(value));
+        check("!isEmpty", ! m.isEmpty());
     }
 
     private static void testMap(Map<Character,Boolean> m) {
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@
                                         m instanceof Hashtable));
         boolean usesIdentity = m instanceof IdentityHashMap;
 
-        System.out.println(m.getClass());
+        System.err.println(m.getClass());
         put(m, 'A', true,  null);
         put(m, 'A', false, true);       // Guaranteed identical by JLS
         put(m, 'B', true,  null);
@@ -81,15 +81,15 @@
                 put(m, null, true,  null);
                 put(m, null, false, true);
             }
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
         } else {
-            try { m.get(null); fail(); }
+            try { m.get(null); fail(m.getClass().getName() + " did not reject null key"); }
             catch (NullPointerException e) {}
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
 
-            try { m.put(null, true); fail(); }
+            try { m.put(null, true); fail(m.getClass().getName() + " did not reject null key"); }
             catch (NullPointerException e) {}
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
         }
         if (permitsNullValues) {
             try {
@@ -97,33 +97,35 @@
                 put(m, 'C', true, null);
                 put(m, 'C', null, true);
             }
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
         } else {
-            try { m.put('A', null); fail(); }
+            try { m.put('A', null); fail(m.getClass().getName() + " did not reject null key"); }
             catch (NullPointerException e) {}
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
 
-            try { m.put('C', null); fail(); }
+            try { m.put('C', null); fail(m.getClass().getName() + " did not reject null key"); }
             catch (NullPointerException e) {}
-            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
+            catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(m.getClass().getName(), t); }
         }
     }
 
     //--------------------- Infrastructure ---------------------------
     static volatile int passed = 0, failed = 0;
     static void pass() { passed++; }
-    static void fail() { failed++; Thread.dumpStack(); }
-    static void fail(String msg) { System.out.println(msg); fail(); }
-    static void unexpected(Throwable t) { failed++; t.printStackTrace(); }
+    static void fail() { failed++; (new Error("Failure")).printStackTrace(System.err); }
+    static void fail(String msg) { failed++; (new Error("Failure: " + msg)).printStackTrace(System.err); }
+    static void unexpected(String msg, Throwable t) { System.err.println("Unexpected: " + msg); unexpected(t); }
+    static void unexpected(Throwable t) { failed++; t.printStackTrace(System.err); }
     static void check(boolean cond) { if (cond) pass(); else fail(); }
+    static void check(String desc, boolean cond) { if (cond) pass(); else fail(desc); }
     static void equal(Object x, Object y) {
-        if (x == null ? y == null : x.equals(y)) pass();
-        else {System.out.println(x + " not equal to " + y); fail(); }}
+        if(Objects.equals(x,y)) pass(); else fail(x + " not equal to " + y);
+    }
 
     public static void main(String[] args) throws Throwable {
         try { realMain(args); } catch (Throwable t) { unexpected(t); }
 
         System.out.printf("%nPassed = %d, failed = %d%n%n", passed, failed);
-        if (failed > 0) throw new Exception("Some tests failed");
+        if (failed > 0) throw new Error("Some tests failed");
     }
 }
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/sun/misc/Hashing.java	Thu May 31 17:10:57 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * @test @summary Ensure that Murmur3 hash performs according to specification.
+ * @compile -XDignore.symbol.file Hashing.java
+ */
+public class Hashing {
+
+    static final byte ONE_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80};
+    static final byte TWO_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80, (byte) 0x81};
+    static final char ONE_CHAR[] = {
+        (char) 0x8180};
+    static final byte THREE_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80, (byte) 0x81, (byte) 0x82};
+    static final byte FOUR_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80, (byte) 0x81, (byte) 0x82, (byte) 0x83};
+    static final char TWO_CHAR[] = {
+        (char) 0x8180, (char) 0x8382};
+    static final int ONE_INT[] = {
+        0x83828180};
+    static final byte SIX_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80, (byte) 0x81, (byte) 0x82,
+        (byte) 0x83, (byte) 0x84, (byte) 0x85};
+    static final char THREE_CHAR[] = {
+        (char) 0x8180, (char) 0x8382, (char) 0x8584};
+    static final byte EIGHT_BYTE[] = {
+        (byte) 0x80, (byte) 0x81, (byte) 0x82,
+        (byte) 0x83, (byte) 0x84, (byte) 0x85,
+        (byte) 0x86, (byte) 0x87};
+    static final char FOUR_CHAR[] = {
+        (char) 0x8180, (char) 0x8382,
+        (char) 0x8584, (char) 0x8786};
+    static final int TWO_INT[] = {
+        0x83828180, 0x87868584};
+    // per  http://code.google.com/p/smhasher/source/browse/trunk/main.cpp, line:72
+    static final int MURMUR3_32_X86_CHECK_VALUE = 0xB0F57EE3;
+
+    public static void testMurmur3_32_ByteArray() {
+        System.out.println("testMurmur3_32_ByteArray");
+
+        byte[] vector = new byte[256];
+        byte[] hashes = new byte[4 * 256];
+
+        for (int i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
+            vector[i] = (byte) i;
+        }
+
+        // Hash subranges {}, {0}, {0,1}, {0,1,2}, ..., {0,...,255}
+        for (int i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
+            int hash = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(256 - i, vector, 0, i);
+
+            hashes[i * 4] = (byte) hash;
+            hashes[i * 4 + 1] = (byte) (hash >>> 8);
+            hashes[i * 4 + 2] = (byte) (hash >>> 16);
+            hashes[i * 4 + 3] = (byte) (hash >>> 24);
+        }
+
+        // hash to get final result.
+        int final_hash = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(0, hashes);
+
+        if (MURMUR3_32_X86_CHECK_VALUE != final_hash) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(
+                    String.format("Calculated hash result not as expected. Expected %08X got %08X",
+                    MURMUR3_32_X86_CHECK_VALUE,
+                    final_hash));
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static void testEquivalentHashes() {
+        int bytes, chars, ints;
+
+        System.out.println("testEquivalentHashes");
+
+        bytes = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(TWO_BYTE);
+        chars = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(ONE_CHAR);
+        if (bytes != chars) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Hashes did not match. b:%08x != c:%08x", bytes, chars));
+        }
+
+        bytes = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(FOUR_BYTE);
+        chars = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(TWO_CHAR);
+        ints = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(ONE_INT);
+        if ((bytes != chars) || (bytes != ints)) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Hashes did not match. b:%08x != c:%08x != i:%08x", bytes, chars, ints));
+        }
+        bytes = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(SIX_BYTE);
+        chars = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(THREE_CHAR);
+        if (bytes != chars) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Hashes did not match. b:%08x != c:%08x", bytes, chars));
+        }
+
+        bytes = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(EIGHT_BYTE);
+        chars = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(FOUR_CHAR);
+        ints = sun.misc.Hashing.murmur3_32(TWO_INT);
+        if ((bytes != chars) || (bytes != ints)) {
+            throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Hashes did not match. b:%08x != c:%08x != i:%08x", bytes, chars, ints));
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static void main(String[] args) {
+        testMurmur3_32_ByteArray();
+        testEquivalentHashes();
+    }
+}