view src/share/vm/runtime/sharedRuntime.hpp @ 7750:401fcded71c4

Add module information to JVM generated ClassCastException messages
author hseigel
date Mon, 26 Jan 2015 17:03:46 -0500
parents 0420e825bb3c
children 45a38815ffa7
line wrap: on
line source
 * Copyright (c) 1997, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.


#include "interpreter/bytecodeHistogram.hpp"
#include "interpreter/bytecodeTracer.hpp"
#include "interpreter/linkResolver.hpp"
#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
#include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
#include "runtime/threadLocalStorage.hpp"
#include "utilities/hashtable.hpp"
#include "utilities/macros.hpp"

class AdapterHandlerEntry;
class AdapterHandlerTable;
class AdapterFingerPrint;
class vframeStream;

// Runtime is the base class for various runtime interfaces
// (InterpreterRuntime, CompilerRuntime, etc.). It provides
// shared functionality such as exception forwarding (C++ to
// Java exceptions), locking/unlocking mechanisms, statistical
// information, etc.

class SharedRuntime: AllStatic {
  friend class VMStructs;

  static methodHandle resolve_sub_helper(JavaThread *thread,
                                         bool is_virtual,
                                         bool is_optimized, TRAPS);

  // Shared stub locations

  static RuntimeStub*        _wrong_method_blob;
  static RuntimeStub*        _wrong_method_abstract_blob;
  static RuntimeStub*        _ic_miss_blob;
  static RuntimeStub*        _resolve_opt_virtual_call_blob;
  static RuntimeStub*        _resolve_virtual_call_blob;
  static RuntimeStub*        _resolve_static_call_blob;

  static DeoptimizationBlob* _deopt_blob;

  static SafepointBlob*      _polling_page_vectors_safepoint_handler_blob;
  static SafepointBlob*      _polling_page_safepoint_handler_blob;
  static SafepointBlob*      _polling_page_return_handler_blob;

#ifdef COMPILER2
  static UncommonTrapBlob*   _uncommon_trap_blob;
#endif // COMPILER2

#ifndef PRODUCT
  // Counters
  static int     _nof_megamorphic_calls;         // total # of megamorphic calls (through vtable)
#endif // !PRODUCT

  static SafepointBlob* generate_handler_blob(address call_ptr, int poll_type);
  static RuntimeStub*   generate_resolve_blob(address destination, const char* name);

  static void generate_stubs(void);

  // max bytes for each dtrace string parameter
  enum { max_dtrace_string_size = 256 };

  // The following arithmetic routines are used on platforms that do
  // not have machine instructions to implement their functionality.
  // Do not remove these.

  // long arithmetics
  static jlong   lmul(jlong y, jlong x);
  static jlong   ldiv(jlong y, jlong x);
  static jlong   lrem(jlong y, jlong x);

  // float and double remainder
  static jfloat  frem(jfloat  x, jfloat  y);
  static jdouble drem(jdouble x, jdouble y);

#ifdef __SOFTFP__
  static jfloat  fadd(jfloat x, jfloat y);
  static jfloat  fsub(jfloat x, jfloat y);
  static jfloat  fmul(jfloat x, jfloat y);
  static jfloat  fdiv(jfloat x, jfloat y);

  static jdouble dadd(jdouble x, jdouble y);
  static jdouble dsub(jdouble x, jdouble y);
  static jdouble dmul(jdouble x, jdouble y);
  static jdouble ddiv(jdouble x, jdouble y);
#endif // __SOFTFP__

  // float conversion (needs to set appropriate rounding mode)
  static jint    f2i (jfloat  x);
  static jlong   f2l (jfloat  x);
  static jint    d2i (jdouble x);
  static jlong   d2l (jdouble x);
  static jfloat  d2f (jdouble x);
  static jfloat  l2f (jlong   x);
  static jdouble l2d (jlong   x);

#ifdef __SOFTFP__
  static jfloat  i2f (jint    x);
  static jdouble i2d (jint    x);
  static jdouble f2d (jfloat  x);
#endif // __SOFTFP__

  // double trigonometrics and transcendentals
  static jdouble dsin(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dcos(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dtan(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dlog(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dlog10(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dexp(jdouble x);
  static jdouble dpow(jdouble x, jdouble y);

#if defined(__SOFTFP__) || defined(E500V2)
  static double dabs(double f);

#if defined(__SOFTFP__) || defined(PPC32)
  static double dsqrt(double f);

#ifdef __SOFTFP__
  // C++ compiler generates soft float instructions as well as passing
  // float and double in registers.
  static int  fcmpl(float x, float y);
  static int  fcmpg(float x, float y);
  static int  dcmpl(double x, double y);
  static int  dcmpg(double x, double y);

  static int unordered_fcmplt(float x, float y);
  static int unordered_dcmplt(double x, double y);
  static int unordered_fcmple(float x, float y);
  static int unordered_dcmple(double x, double y);
  static int unordered_fcmpge(float x, float y);
  static int unordered_dcmpge(double x, double y);
  static int unordered_fcmpgt(float x, float y);
  static int unordered_dcmpgt(double x, double y);

  static float  fneg(float f);
  static double dneg(double f);

  // exception handling across interpreter/compiler boundaries
  static address raw_exception_handler_for_return_address(JavaThread* thread, address return_address);
  static address exception_handler_for_return_address(JavaThread* thread, address return_address);

  // G1 write barriers
  static void g1_wb_pre(oopDesc* orig, JavaThread *thread);
  static void g1_wb_post(void* card_addr, JavaThread* thread);

  // exception handling and implicit exceptions
  static address compute_compiled_exc_handler(nmethod* nm, address ret_pc, Handle& exception,
                                              bool force_unwind, bool top_frame_only);
  enum ImplicitExceptionKind {
  static void    throw_AbstractMethodError(JavaThread* thread);
  static void    throw_IncompatibleClassChangeError(JavaThread* thread);
  static void    throw_ArithmeticException(JavaThread* thread);
  static void    throw_NullPointerException(JavaThread* thread);
  static void    throw_NullPointerException_at_call(JavaThread* thread);
  static void    throw_StackOverflowError(JavaThread* thread);
  static address continuation_for_implicit_exception(JavaThread* thread,
                                                     address faulting_pc,
                                                     ImplicitExceptionKind exception_kind);

  // Shared stub locations
  static address get_poll_stub(address pc);

  static address get_ic_miss_stub() {
    assert(_ic_miss_blob!= NULL, "oops");
    return _ic_miss_blob->entry_point();

  static address get_handle_wrong_method_stub() {
    assert(_wrong_method_blob!= NULL, "oops");
    return _wrong_method_blob->entry_point();

  static address get_handle_wrong_method_abstract_stub() {
    assert(_wrong_method_abstract_blob!= NULL, "oops");
    return _wrong_method_abstract_blob->entry_point();

#ifdef COMPILER2
  static void generate_uncommon_trap_blob(void);
  static UncommonTrapBlob* uncommon_trap_blob()                  { return _uncommon_trap_blob; }
#endif // COMPILER2

  static address get_resolve_opt_virtual_call_stub() {
    assert(_resolve_opt_virtual_call_blob != NULL, "oops");
    return _resolve_opt_virtual_call_blob->entry_point();
  static address get_resolve_virtual_call_stub() {
    assert(_resolve_virtual_call_blob != NULL, "oops");
    return _resolve_virtual_call_blob->entry_point();
  static address get_resolve_static_call_stub() {
    assert(_resolve_static_call_blob != NULL, "oops");
    return _resolve_static_call_blob->entry_point();

  static SafepointBlob* polling_page_return_handler_blob()     { return _polling_page_return_handler_blob; }
  static SafepointBlob* polling_page_safepoint_handler_blob()  { return _polling_page_safepoint_handler_blob; }
  static SafepointBlob* polling_page_vectors_safepoint_handler_blob()  { return _polling_page_vectors_safepoint_handler_blob; }

  // Counters
#ifndef PRODUCT
  static address nof_megamorphic_calls_addr() { return (address)&_nof_megamorphic_calls; }
#endif // PRODUCT

  // Helper routine for full-speed JVMTI exception throwing support
  static void throw_and_post_jvmti_exception(JavaThread *thread, Handle h_exception);
  static void throw_and_post_jvmti_exception(JavaThread *thread, Symbol* name, const char *message = NULL);

  // RedefineClasses() tracing support for obsolete method entry
  static int rc_trace_method_entry(JavaThread* thread, Method* m);

  // To be used as the entry point for unresolved native methods.
  static address native_method_throw_unsatisfied_link_error_entry();
  static address native_method_throw_unsupported_operation_exception_entry();

  // bytecode tracing is only used by the TraceBytecodes
  static intptr_t trace_bytecode(JavaThread* thread, intptr_t preserve_this_value, intptr_t tos, intptr_t tos2) PRODUCT_RETURN0;

  static oop retrieve_receiver(Symbol* sig, frame caller);

  static void register_finalizer(JavaThread* thread, oopDesc* obj);

  // dtrace notifications
  static int dtrace_object_alloc(oopDesc* o, int size);
  static int dtrace_object_alloc_base(Thread* thread, oopDesc* o, int size);
  static int dtrace_method_entry(JavaThread* thread, Method* m);
  static int dtrace_method_exit(JavaThread* thread, Method* m);

  // Utility method for retrieving the Java thread id, returns 0 if the
  // thread is not a well formed Java thread.
  static jlong get_java_tid(Thread* thread);

  // used by native wrappers to reenable yellow if overflow happened in native code
  static void reguard_yellow_pages();

  // Fill in the "X cannot be cast to a Y" message for ClassCastException
  // @param thr the current thread
  // @param caster_klass the class of the object we are casting
  // @return the dynamically allocated exception message (must be freed
  // by the caller using a resource mark)
  // BCP must refer to the current 'checkcast' opcode for the frame
  // on top of the stack.
  // The caller (or one of its callers) must use a ResourceMark
  // in order to correctly free the result.
  static char* generate_class_cast_message(JavaThread* thr, Klass* caster_klass);

  // Fill in the "X cannot be cast to a Y" message for ClassCastException
  // @param caster_klass the class of the object we are casting
  // @param target_klass the target klass attempt
  // @return the dynamically allocated exception message (must be freed
  // by the caller using a resource mark)
  // This version does not require access the frame, so it can be called
  // from interpreted code
  // The caller (or one of it's callers) must use a ResourceMark
  // in order to correctly free the result.
  static char* generate_class_cast_message(Klass* caster_klass, Klass* target_klass);

  // Resolves a call site- may patch in the destination of the call into the
  // compiled code.
  static methodHandle resolve_helper(JavaThread *thread,
                                     bool is_virtual,
                                     bool is_optimized, TRAPS);

  // deopt blob
  static void generate_deopt_blob(void);

  static DeoptimizationBlob* deopt_blob(void)      { return _deopt_blob; }

  // Resets a call-site in compiled code so it will get resolved again.
  static methodHandle reresolve_call_site(JavaThread *thread, TRAPS);

  // In the code prolog, if the klass comparison fails, the inline cache
  // misses and the call site is patched to megamorphic
  static methodHandle handle_ic_miss_helper(JavaThread* thread, TRAPS);

  // Find the method that called us.
  static methodHandle find_callee_method(JavaThread* thread, TRAPS);

  static Handle find_callee_info(JavaThread* thread,
                                 Bytecodes::Code& bc,
                                 CallInfo& callinfo, TRAPS);
  static Handle find_callee_info_helper(JavaThread* thread,
                                        vframeStream& vfst,
                                        Bytecodes::Code& bc,
                                        CallInfo& callinfo, TRAPS);

  static address clean_virtual_call_entry();
  static address clean_opt_virtual_call_entry();
  static address clean_static_call_entry();


  // Read the array of BasicTypes from a Java signature, and compute where
  // compiled Java code would like to put the results.  Values in reg_lo and
  // reg_hi refer to 4-byte quantities.  Values less than SharedInfo::stack0 are
  // registers, those above refer to 4-byte stack slots.  All stack slots are
  // based off of the window top.  SharedInfo::stack0 refers to the first usable
  // slot in the bottom of the frame. SharedInfo::stack0+1 refers to the memory word
  // 4-bytes higher. So for sparc because the register window save area is at
  // the bottom of the frame the first 16 words will be skipped and SharedInfo::stack0
  // will be just above it. (
  // return value is the maximum number of VMReg stack slots the convention will use.
  static int java_calling_convention(const BasicType* sig_bt, VMRegPair* regs, int total_args_passed, int is_outgoing);

  static void check_member_name_argument_is_last_argument(methodHandle method,
                                                          const BasicType* sig_bt,
                                                          const VMRegPair* regs) NOT_DEBUG_RETURN;

  // Ditto except for calling C
  // C argument in register AND stack slot.
  // Some architectures require that an argument must be passed in a register
  // AND in a stack slot. These architectures provide a second VMRegPair array
  // to be filled by the c_calling_convention method. On other architectures,
  // NULL is being passed as the second VMRegPair array, so arguments are either
  // passed in a register OR in a stack slot.
  static int c_calling_convention(const BasicType *sig_bt, VMRegPair *regs, VMRegPair *regs2,
                                  int total_args_passed);

  // Compute the new number of arguments in the signature if 32 bit ints
  // must be converted to longs. Needed if CCallingConventionRequiresIntsAsLongs
  // is true.
  static int  convert_ints_to_longints_argcnt(int in_args_count, BasicType* in_sig_bt);
  // Adapt a method's signature if it contains 32 bit integers that must
  // be converted to longs. Needed if CCallingConventionRequiresIntsAsLongs
  // is true.
  static void convert_ints_to_longints(int i2l_argcnt, int& in_args_count,
                                       BasicType*& in_sig_bt, VMRegPair*& in_regs);

  // Generate I2C and C2I adapters. These adapters are simple argument marshalling
  // blobs. Unlike adapters in the tiger and earlier releases the code in these
  // blobs does not create a new frame and are therefore virtually invisible
  // to the stack walking code. In general these blobs extend the callers stack
  // as needed for the conversion of argument locations.

  // When calling a c2i blob the code will always call the interpreter even if
  // by the time we reach the blob there is compiled code available. This allows
  // the blob to pass the incoming stack pointer (the sender sp) in a known
  // location for the interpreter to record. This is used by the frame code
  // to correct the sender code to match up with the stack pointer when the
  // thread left the compiled code. In addition it allows the interpreter
  // to remove the space the c2i adapter allocated to do its argument conversion.

  // Although a c2i blob will always run interpreted even if compiled code is
  // present if we see that compiled code is present the compiled call site
  // will be patched/re-resolved so that later calls will run compiled.

  // Additionally a c2i blob need to have a unverified entry because it can be reached
  // in situations where the call site is an inlined cache site and may go megamorphic.

  // A i2c adapter is simpler than the c2i adapter. This is because it is assumed
  // that the interpreter before it does any call dispatch will record the current
  // stack pointer in the interpreter frame. On return it will restore the stack
  // pointer as needed. This means the i2c adapter code doesn't need any special
  // handshaking path with compiled code to keep the stack walking correct.

  static AdapterHandlerEntry* generate_i2c2i_adapters(MacroAssembler *_masm,
                                                      int total_args_passed,
                                                      int max_arg,
                                                      const BasicType *sig_bt,
                                                      const VMRegPair *regs,
                                                      AdapterFingerPrint* fingerprint);

  // OSR support

  // OSR_migration_begin will extract the jvm state from an interpreter
  // frame (locals, monitors) and store the data in a piece of C heap
  // storage. This then allows the interpreter frame to be removed from the
  // stack and the OSR nmethod to be called. That method is called with a
  // pointer to the C heap storage. This pointer is the return value from
  // OSR_migration_begin.

  static intptr_t* OSR_migration_begin(JavaThread *thread);

  // OSR_migration_end is a trivial routine. It is called after the compiled
  // method has extracted the jvm state from the C heap that OSR_migration_begin
  // created. It's entire job is to simply free this storage.
  static void OSR_migration_end(intptr_t* buf);

  // Convert a sig into a calling convention register layout
  // and find interesting things about it.
  static VMRegPair* find_callee_arguments(Symbol* sig, bool has_receiver, bool has_appendix, int *arg_size);
  static VMReg name_for_receiver();

  // "Top of Stack" slots that may be unused by the calling convention but must
  // otherwise be preserved.
  // On Intel these are not necessary and the value can be zero.
  // On Sparc this describes the words reserved for storing a register window
  // when an interrupt occurs.
  static uint out_preserve_stack_slots();

  // Is vector's size (in bytes) bigger than a size saved by default?
  // For example, on x86 16 bytes XMM registers are saved by default.
  static bool is_wide_vector(int size);

  // Save and restore a native result
  static void    save_native_result(MacroAssembler *_masm, BasicType ret_type, int frame_slots);
  static void restore_native_result(MacroAssembler *_masm, BasicType ret_type, int frame_slots);

  // Generate a native wrapper for a given method.  The method takes arguments
  // in the Java compiled code convention, marshals them to the native
  // convention (handlizes oops, etc), transitions to native, makes the call,
  // returns to java state (possibly blocking), unhandlizes any result and
  // returns.
  // The wrapper may contain special-case code if the given method
  // is a JNI critical method, or a compiled method handle adapter,
  // such as _invokeBasic, _linkToVirtual, etc.
  static nmethod* generate_native_wrapper(MacroAssembler* masm,
                                          methodHandle method,
                                          int compile_id,
                                          BasicType* sig_bt,
                                          VMRegPair* regs,
                                          BasicType ret_type);

  // Block before entering a JNI critical method
  static void block_for_jni_critical(JavaThread* thread);

  // Generate a dtrace wrapper for a given method.  The method takes arguments
  // in the Java compiled code convention, marshals them to the native
  // convention (handlizes oops, etc), transitions to native, makes the call,
  // returns to java state (possibly blocking), unhandlizes any result and
  // returns.
  static nmethod *generate_dtrace_nmethod(MacroAssembler* masm,
                                          methodHandle method);

  // dtrace support to convert a Java string to utf8
  static void get_utf(oopDesc* src, address dst);
#endif // def HAVE_DTRACE_H

  // A compiled caller has just called the interpreter, but compiled code
  // exists.  Patch the caller so he no longer calls into the interpreter.
  static void fixup_callers_callsite(Method* moop, address ret_pc);

  // Slow-path Locking and Unlocking
  static void complete_monitor_locking_C(oopDesc* obj, BasicLock* lock, JavaThread* thread);
  static void complete_monitor_unlocking_C(oopDesc* obj, BasicLock* lock);

  // Resolving of calls
  static address resolve_static_call_C     (JavaThread *thread);
  static address resolve_virtual_call_C    (JavaThread *thread);
  static address resolve_opt_virtual_call_C(JavaThread *thread);

  // arraycopy, the non-leaf version.  (See StubRoutines for all the leaf calls.)
  static void slow_arraycopy_C(oopDesc* src,  jint src_pos,
                               oopDesc* dest, jint dest_pos,
                               jint length, JavaThread* thread);

  // handle ic miss with caller being compiled code
  // wrong method handling (inline cache misses, zombie methods)
  static address handle_wrong_method(JavaThread* thread);
  static address handle_wrong_method_abstract(JavaThread* thread);
  static address handle_wrong_method_ic_miss(JavaThread* thread);

#ifndef PRODUCT

  // Collect and print inline cache miss statistics
  enum { maxICmiss_count = 100 };
  static int     _ICmiss_index;                  // length of IC miss histogram
  static int     _ICmiss_count[maxICmiss_count]; // miss counts
  static address _ICmiss_at[maxICmiss_count];    // miss addresses
  static void trace_ic_miss(address at);

  static int _throw_null_ctr;                    // throwing a null-pointer exception
  static int _ic_miss_ctr;                       // total # of IC misses
  static int _wrong_method_ctr;
  static int _resolve_static_ctr;
  static int _resolve_virtual_ctr;
  static int _resolve_opt_virtual_ctr;
  static int _implicit_null_throws;
  static int _implicit_div0_throws;

  static int _jbyte_array_copy_ctr;        // Slow-path byte array copy
  static int _jshort_array_copy_ctr;       // Slow-path short array copy
  static int _jint_array_copy_ctr;         // Slow-path int array copy
  static int _jlong_array_copy_ctr;        // Slow-path long array copy
  static int _oop_array_copy_ctr;          // Slow-path oop array copy
  static int _checkcast_array_copy_ctr;    // Slow-path oop array copy, with cast
  static int _unsafe_array_copy_ctr;       // Slow-path includes alignment checks
  static int _generic_array_copy_ctr;      // Slow-path includes type decoding
  static int _slow_array_copy_ctr;         // Slow-path failed out to a method call

  static int _new_instance_ctr;            // 'new' object requires GC
  static int _new_array_ctr;               // 'new' array requires GC
  static int _multi1_ctr, _multi2_ctr, _multi3_ctr, _multi4_ctr, _multi5_ctr;
  static int _find_handler_ctr;            // find exception handler
  static int _rethrow_ctr;                 // rethrow exception
  static int _mon_enter_stub_ctr;          // monitor enter stub
  static int _mon_exit_stub_ctr;           // monitor exit stub
  static int _mon_enter_ctr;               // monitor enter slow
  static int _mon_exit_ctr;                // monitor exit slow
  static int _partial_subtype_ctr;         // SubRoutines::partial_subtype_check

  // Statistics code
  // stats for "normal" compiled calls (non-interface)
  static int     _nof_normal_calls;              // total # of calls
  static int     _nof_optimized_calls;           // total # of statically-bound calls
  static int     _nof_inlined_calls;             // total # of inlined normal calls
  static int     _nof_static_calls;              // total # of calls to static methods or super methods (invokespecial)
  static int     _nof_inlined_static_calls;      // total # of inlined static calls
  // stats for compiled interface calls
  static int     _nof_interface_calls;           // total # of compiled calls
  static int     _nof_optimized_interface_calls; // total # of statically-bound interface calls
  static int     _nof_inlined_interface_calls;   // total # of inlined interface calls
  static int     _nof_megamorphic_interface_calls;// total # of megamorphic interface calls
  // stats for runtime exceptions
  static int     _nof_removable_exceptions;      // total # of exceptions that could be replaced by branches due to inlining

 public: // for compiler
  static address nof_normal_calls_addr()                { return (address)&_nof_normal_calls; }
  static address nof_optimized_calls_addr()             { return (address)&_nof_optimized_calls; }
  static address nof_inlined_calls_addr()               { return (address)&_nof_inlined_calls; }
  static address nof_static_calls_addr()                { return (address)&_nof_static_calls; }
  static address nof_inlined_static_calls_addr()        { return (address)&_nof_inlined_static_calls; }
  static address nof_interface_calls_addr()             { return (address)&_nof_interface_calls; }
  static address nof_optimized_interface_calls_addr()   { return (address)&_nof_optimized_interface_calls; }
  static address nof_inlined_interface_calls_addr()     { return (address)&_nof_inlined_interface_calls; }
  static address nof_megamorphic_interface_calls_addr() { return (address)&_nof_megamorphic_interface_calls; }
  static void print_call_statistics(int comp_total);
  static void print_statistics();
  static void print_ic_miss_histogram();

#endif // PRODUCT

// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Implementation of AdapterHandlerLibrary
// This library manages argument marshaling adapters and native wrappers.
// There are 2 flavors of adapters: I2C and C2I.
// The I2C flavor takes a stock interpreted call setup, marshals the
// arguments for a Java-compiled call, and jumps to Rmethod-> code()->
// code_begin().  It is broken to call it without an nmethod assigned.
// The usual behavior is to lift any register arguments up out of the
// stack and possibly re-pack the extra arguments to be contiguous.
// I2C adapters will save what the interpreter's stack pointer will be
// after arguments are popped, then adjust the interpreter's frame
// size to force alignment and possibly to repack the arguments.
// After re-packing, it jumps to the compiled code start.  There are
// no safepoints in this adapter code and a GC cannot happen while
// marshaling is in progress.
// The C2I flavor takes a stock compiled call setup plus the target method in
// Rmethod, marshals the arguments for an interpreted call and jumps to
// Rmethod->_i2i_entry.  On entry, the interpreted frame has not yet been
// setup.  Compiled frames are fixed-size and the args are likely not in the
// right place.  Hence all the args will likely be copied into the
// interpreter's frame, forcing that frame to grow.  The compiled frame's
// outgoing stack args will be dead after the copy.
// Native wrappers, like adapters, marshal arguments.  Unlike adapters they
// also perform an official frame push & pop.  They have a call to the native
// routine in their middles and end in a return (instead of ending in a jump).
// The native wrappers are stored in real nmethods instead of the BufferBlobs
// used by the adapters.  The code generation happens here because it's very
// similar to what the adapters have to do.

class AdapterHandlerEntry : public BasicHashtableEntry<mtCode> {
  friend class AdapterHandlerTable;

  AdapterFingerPrint* _fingerprint;
  address _i2c_entry;
  address _c2i_entry;
  address _c2i_unverified_entry;

#ifdef ASSERT
  // Captures code and signature used to generate this adapter when
  // verifying adapter equivalence.
  unsigned char* _saved_code;
  int            _saved_code_length;

  void init(AdapterFingerPrint* fingerprint, address i2c_entry, address c2i_entry, address c2i_unverified_entry) {
    _fingerprint = fingerprint;
    _i2c_entry = i2c_entry;
    _c2i_entry = c2i_entry;
    _c2i_unverified_entry = c2i_unverified_entry;
#ifdef ASSERT
    _saved_code = NULL;
    _saved_code_length = 0;

  void deallocate();

  // should never be used

  address get_i2c_entry()            const { return _i2c_entry; }
  address get_c2i_entry()            const { return _c2i_entry; }
  address get_c2i_unverified_entry() const { return _c2i_unverified_entry; }
  address base_address();
  void relocate(address new_base);

  AdapterFingerPrint* fingerprint() const { return _fingerprint; }

  AdapterHandlerEntry* next() {
    return (AdapterHandlerEntry*)BasicHashtableEntry<mtCode>::next();

#ifdef ASSERT
  // Used to verify that code generated for shared adapters is equivalent
  void save_code   (unsigned char* code, int length);
  bool compare_code(unsigned char* code, int length);

  //virtual void print_on(outputStream* st) const;  DO NOT USE
  void print_adapter_on(outputStream* st) const;

class AdapterHandlerLibrary: public AllStatic {
  static BufferBlob* _buffer; // the temporary code buffer in CodeCache
  static AdapterHandlerTable* _adapters;
  static AdapterHandlerEntry* _abstract_method_handler;
  static BufferBlob* buffer_blob();
  static void initialize();


  static AdapterHandlerEntry* new_entry(AdapterFingerPrint* fingerprint,
                                        address i2c_entry, address c2i_entry, address c2i_unverified_entry);
  static void create_native_wrapper(methodHandle method);
  static AdapterHandlerEntry* get_adapter(methodHandle method);

  static nmethod* create_dtrace_nmethod (methodHandle method);
#endif // HAVE_DTRACE_H

  static void print_handler(CodeBlob* b) { print_handler_on(tty, b); }
  static void print_handler_on(outputStream* st, CodeBlob* b);
  static bool contains(CodeBlob* b);
#ifndef PRODUCT
  static void print_statistics();
#endif // PRODUCT