changeset 3810:4735d2c84362

7200776: Implement default methods in interfaces Summary: Add generic type analysis and default method selection algorithms Reviewed-by: coleenp, acorn
author kamg
date Thu, 11 Oct 2012 12:25:42 -0400
parents a1b8cf9cf970
children ec204374e626
files src/share/vm/classfile/bytecodeAssembler.cpp src/share/vm/classfile/bytecodeAssembler.hpp src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.cpp src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.hpp src/share/vm/classfile/defaultMethods.cpp src/share/vm/classfile/defaultMethods.hpp src/share/vm/classfile/genericSignatures.cpp src/share/vm/classfile/genericSignatures.hpp src/share/vm/classfile/systemDictionary.hpp src/share/vm/classfile/verifier.cpp src/share/vm/classfile/vmSymbols.hpp src/share/vm/code/dependencies.cpp src/share/vm/interpreter/linkResolver.cpp src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.cpp src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.hpp src/share/vm/oops/constantPool.cpp src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.cpp src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.hpp src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.cpp src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.hpp src/share/vm/oops/method.cpp src/share/vm/oops/method.hpp src/share/vm/runtime/globals.hpp src/share/vm/runtime/reflection.cpp src/share/vm/utilities/growableArray.hpp src/share/vm/utilities/pair.hpp src/share/vm/utilities/resourceHash.hpp
diffstat 27 files changed, 4301 insertions(+), 203 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/bytecodeAssembler.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,269 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "precompiled.hpp"
+
+#include "classfile/bytecodeAssembler.hpp"
+#include "interpreter/bytecodes.hpp"
+#include "memory/oopFactory.hpp"
+#include "oops/constantPool.hpp"
+
+#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_x86
+# include "bytes_x86.hpp"
+#endif
+#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_sparc
+# include "bytes_sparc.hpp"
+#endif
+#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_zero
+# include "bytes_zero.hpp"
+#endif
+#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_arm
+# include "bytes_arm.hpp"
+#endif
+#ifdef TARGET_ARCH_ppc
+# include "bytes_ppc.hpp"
+#endif
+
+u2 BytecodeConstantPool::find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry const& bcpe) {
+  u2 index;
+  u2* probe = _indices.get(bcpe);
+  if (probe == NULL) {
+    index = _entries.length();
+    _entries.append(bcpe);
+    _indices.put(bcpe, index);
+  } else {
+    index = *probe;
+  }
+  return index + _orig->length();
+}
+
+ConstantPool* BytecodeConstantPool::create_constant_pool(TRAPS) const {
+  if (_entries.length() == 0) {
+    return _orig;
+  }
+
+  ConstantPool* cp = ConstantPool::allocate(
+      _orig->pool_holder()->class_loader_data(),
+      _orig->length() + _entries.length(), CHECK_NULL);
+
+  cp->set_pool_holder(_orig->pool_holder());
+  _orig->copy_cp_to(1, _orig->length() - 1, cp, 1, CHECK_NULL);
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < _entries.length(); ++i) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry entry = _entries.at(i);
+    int idx = i + _orig->length();
+    switch (entry._tag) {
+      case BytecodeCPEntry::UTF8:
+        cp->symbol_at_put(idx, entry._u.utf8);
+        entry._u.utf8->increment_refcount();
+        break;
+      case BytecodeCPEntry::KLASS:
+        cp->unresolved_klass_at_put(
+            idx, cp->symbol_at(entry._u.klass));
+        break;
+      case BytecodeCPEntry::STRING:
+        cp->unresolved_string_at_put(
+            idx, cp->symbol_at(entry._u.string));
+        break;
+      case BytecodeCPEntry::NAME_AND_TYPE:
+        cp->name_and_type_at_put(idx,
+            entry._u.name_and_type.name_index,
+            entry._u.name_and_type.type_index);
+        break;
+      case BytecodeCPEntry::METHODREF:
+        cp->method_at_put(idx,
+            entry._u.methodref.class_index,
+            entry._u.methodref.name_and_type_index);
+        break;
+      default:
+        ShouldNotReachHere();
+    }
+  }
+  return cp;
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::append(u1 imm_u1) {
+  _code->append(imm_u1);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::append(u2 imm_u2) {
+  _code->append(0);
+  _code->append(0);
+  Bytes::put_Java_u2(_code->adr_at(_code->length() - 2), imm_u2);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::append(u4 imm_u4) {
+  _code->append(0);
+  _code->append(0);
+  _code->append(0);
+  _code->append(0);
+  Bytes::put_Java_u4(_code->adr_at(_code->length() - 4), imm_u4);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::xload(u4 index, u1 onebyteop, u1 twobyteop) {
+  if (index < 4) {
+    _code->append(onebyteop + index);
+  } else {
+    _code->append(twobyteop);
+    _code->append((u2)index);
+  }
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::dup() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_dup);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::_new(Symbol* sym) {
+  u2 cpool_index = _cp->klass(sym);
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_new);
+  append(cpool_index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::load_string(Symbol* sym) {
+  u2 cpool_index = _cp->string(sym);
+  if (cpool_index < 0x100) {
+    ldc(cpool_index);
+  } else {
+    ldc_w(cpool_index);
+  }
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::ldc(u1 index) {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_ldc);
+  append(index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::ldc_w(u2 index) {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_ldc_w);
+  append(index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::athrow() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_athrow);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::iload(u4 index) {
+  xload(index, Bytecodes::_iload_0, Bytecodes::_iload);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::lload(u4 index) {
+  xload(index, Bytecodes::_lload_0, Bytecodes::_lload);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::fload(u4 index) {
+  xload(index, Bytecodes::_fload_0, Bytecodes::_fload);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::dload(u4 index) {
+  xload(index, Bytecodes::_dload_0, Bytecodes::_dload);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::aload(u4 index) {
+  xload(index, Bytecodes::_aload_0, Bytecodes::_aload);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::load(BasicType bt, u4 index) {
+  switch (bt) {
+    case T_BOOLEAN:
+    case T_CHAR:
+    case T_BYTE:
+    case T_SHORT:
+    case T_INT:     iload(index); break;
+    case T_FLOAT:   fload(index); break;
+    case T_DOUBLE:  dload(index); break;
+    case T_LONG:    lload(index); break;
+    case T_OBJECT:
+    case T_ARRAY:   aload(index); break;
+    default:
+      ShouldNotReachHere();
+  }
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::checkcast(Symbol* sym) {
+  u2 cpool_index = _cp->klass(sym);
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_checkcast);
+  append(cpool_index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::invokespecial(Method* method) {
+  invokespecial(method->klass_name(), method->name(), method->signature());
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::invokespecial(Symbol* klss, Symbol* name, Symbol* sig) {
+  u2 methodref_index = _cp->methodref(klss, name, sig);
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_invokespecial);
+  append(methodref_index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::invokevirtual(Method* method) {
+  invokevirtual(method->klass_name(), method->name(), method->signature());
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::invokevirtual(Symbol* klss, Symbol* name, Symbol* sig) {
+  u2 methodref_index = _cp->methodref(klss, name, sig);
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_invokevirtual);
+  append(methodref_index);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::ireturn() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_ireturn);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::lreturn() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_lreturn);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::freturn() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_freturn);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::dreturn() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_dreturn);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::areturn() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_areturn);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::_return() {
+  _code->append(Bytecodes::_return);
+}
+
+void BytecodeAssembler::_return(BasicType bt) {
+  switch (bt) {
+    case T_BOOLEAN:
+    case T_CHAR:
+    case T_BYTE:
+    case T_SHORT:
+    case T_INT:     ireturn(); break;
+    case T_FLOAT:   freturn(); break;
+    case T_DOUBLE:  dreturn(); break;
+    case T_LONG:    lreturn(); break;
+    case T_OBJECT:
+    case T_ARRAY:   areturn(); break;
+    case T_VOID:    _return(); break;
+    default:
+      ShouldNotReachHere();
+  }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/bytecodeAssembler.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,214 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_BYTECODEASSEMBLER_HPP
+#define SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_BYTECODEASSEMBLER_HPP
+
+#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
+#include "oops/method.hpp"
+#include "oops/symbol.hpp"
+#include "utilities/globalDefinitions.hpp"
+#include "utilities/growableArray.hpp"
+#include "utilities/resourceHash.hpp"
+
+
+/**
+ * Bytecode Assembler
+ *
+ * These classes are used to synthesize code for creating new methods from
+ * within the VM.  This is only a partial implementation of an assembler;
+ * only the bytecodes that are needed by clients are implemented at this time.
+ * This is used during default method analysis to create overpass methods
+ * and add them to a call during parsing.  Other uses (such as creating
+ * bridges) may come later.  Any missing bytecodes can be implemented on an
+ * as-need basis.
+ */
+
+class BytecodeBuffer : public GrowableArray<u1> {
+ public:
+  BytecodeBuffer() : GrowableArray<u1>(20) {}
+};
+
+// Entries in a yet-to-be-created constant pool.  Limited types for now.
+class BytecodeCPEntry VALUE_OBJ_CLASS_SPEC {
+ public:
+  enum tag {
+    ERROR_TAG,
+    UTF8,
+    KLASS,
+    STRING,
+    NAME_AND_TYPE,
+    METHODREF
+  };
+
+  u1 _tag;
+  union {
+    Symbol* utf8;
+    u2 klass;
+    u2 string;
+    struct {
+      u2 name_index;
+      u2 type_index;
+    } name_and_type;
+    struct {
+      u2 class_index;
+      u2 name_and_type_index;
+    } methodref;
+    uintptr_t hash;
+  } _u;
+
+  BytecodeCPEntry() : _tag(ERROR_TAG) { _u.hash = 0; }
+  BytecodeCPEntry(u1 tag) : _tag(tag) { _u.hash = 0; }
+
+  static BytecodeCPEntry utf8(Symbol* symbol) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry bcpe(UTF8);
+    bcpe._u.utf8 = symbol;
+    return bcpe;
+  }
+
+  static BytecodeCPEntry klass(u2 index) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry bcpe(KLASS);
+    bcpe._u.klass = index;
+    return bcpe;
+  }
+
+  static BytecodeCPEntry string(u2 index) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry bcpe(STRING);
+    bcpe._u.string = index;
+    return bcpe;
+  }
+
+  static BytecodeCPEntry name_and_type(u2 name, u2 type) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry bcpe(NAME_AND_TYPE);
+    bcpe._u.name_and_type.name_index = name;
+    bcpe._u.name_and_type.type_index = type;
+    return bcpe;
+  }
+
+  static BytecodeCPEntry methodref(u2 class_index, u2 nat) {
+    BytecodeCPEntry bcpe(METHODREF);
+    bcpe._u.methodref.class_index = class_index;
+    bcpe._u.methodref.name_and_type_index = nat;
+    return bcpe;
+  }
+
+  static bool equals(BytecodeCPEntry const& e0, BytecodeCPEntry const& e1) {
+    return e0._tag == e1._tag && e0._u.hash == e1._u.hash;
+  }
+
+  static unsigned hash(BytecodeCPEntry const& e0) {
+    return (unsigned)(e0._tag ^ e0._u.hash);
+  }
+};
+
+class BytecodeConstantPool : ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  typedef ResourceHashtable<BytecodeCPEntry, u2,
+      &BytecodeCPEntry::hash, &BytecodeCPEntry::equals> IndexHash;
+
+  ConstantPool* _orig;
+  GrowableArray<BytecodeCPEntry> _entries;
+  IndexHash _indices;
+
+  u2 find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry const& bcpe);
+
+ public:
+
+  BytecodeConstantPool(ConstantPool* orig) : _orig(orig) {}
+
+  BytecodeCPEntry const& at(u2 index) const { return _entries.at(index); }
+
+  InstanceKlass* pool_holder() const {
+    return InstanceKlass::cast(_orig->pool_holder());
+  }
+
+  u2 utf8(Symbol* sym) {
+    return find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry::utf8(sym));
+  }
+
+  u2 klass(Symbol* class_name) {
+    return find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry::klass(utf8(class_name)));
+  }
+
+  u2 string(Symbol* str) {
+    return find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry::string(utf8(str)));
+  }
+
+  u2 name_and_type(Symbol* name, Symbol* sig) {
+    return find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry::name_and_type(utf8(name), utf8(sig)));
+  }
+
+  u2 methodref(Symbol* class_name, Symbol* name, Symbol* sig) {
+    return find_or_add(BytecodeCPEntry::methodref(
+        klass(class_name), name_and_type(name, sig)));
+  }
+
+  ConstantPool* create_constant_pool(TRAPS) const;
+};
+
+// Partial bytecode assembler - only what we need for creating
+// overpass methods for default methods is implemented
+class BytecodeAssembler : StackObj {
+ private:
+  BytecodeBuffer* _code;
+  BytecodeConstantPool* _cp;
+
+  void append(u1 imm_u1);
+  void append(u2 imm_u2);
+  void append(u4 imm_u4);
+
+  void xload(u4 index, u1 quick, u1 twobyte);
+
+ public:
+  BytecodeAssembler(BytecodeBuffer* buffer, BytecodeConstantPool* cp)
+    : _code(buffer), _cp(cp) {}
+
+  void aload(u4 index);
+  void areturn();
+  void athrow();
+  void checkcast(Symbol* sym);
+  void dload(u4 index);
+  void dreturn();
+  void dup();
+  void fload(u4 index);
+  void freturn();
+  void iload(u4 index);
+  void invokespecial(Method* method);
+  void invokespecial(Symbol* cls, Symbol* name, Symbol* sig);
+  void invokevirtual(Method* method);
+  void invokevirtual(Symbol* cls, Symbol* name, Symbol* sig);
+  void ireturn();
+  void ldc(u1 index);
+  void ldc_w(u2 index);
+  void lload(u4 index);
+  void lreturn();
+  void _new(Symbol* sym);
+  void _return();
+
+  void load_string(Symbol* sym);
+  void load(BasicType bt, u4 index);
+  void _return(BasicType bt);
+};
+
+#endif // SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_BYTECODEASSEMBLER_HPP
--- a/src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@
 #include "classfile/classLoader.hpp"
 #include "classfile/classLoaderData.hpp"
 #include "classfile/classLoaderData.inline.hpp"
+#include "classfile/defaultMethods.hpp"
+#include "classfile/genericSignatures.hpp"
 #include "classfile/javaClasses.hpp"
 #include "classfile/symbolTable.hpp"
 #include "classfile/systemDictionary.hpp"
@@ -84,6 +86,9 @@
 // - to check NameAndType_info signatures more aggressively
 #define JAVA_7_VERSION                    51
 
+// Extension method support.
+#define JAVA_8_VERSION                    52
+
 
 void ClassFileParser::parse_constant_pool_entries(ClassLoaderData* loader_data, constantPoolHandle cp, int length, TRAPS) {
   // Use a local copy of ClassFileStream. It helps the C++ compiler to optimize
@@ -785,6 +790,7 @@
                                                  ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
                                                  Handle protection_domain,
                                                  Symbol* class_name,
+                                                 bool* has_default_methods,
                                                  TRAPS) {
   ClassFileStream* cfs = stream();
   assert(length > 0, "only called for length>0");
@@ -821,6 +827,9 @@
     if (!Klass::cast(interf())->is_interface()) {
       THROW_MSG_(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), "Implementing class", NULL);
     }
+    if (InstanceKlass::cast(interf())->has_default_methods()) {
+      *has_default_methods = true;
+    }
     interfaces->at_put(index, interf());
   }
 
@@ -1928,7 +1937,8 @@
     if (method_attribute_name == vmSymbols::tag_code()) {
       // Parse Code attribute
       if (_need_verify) {
-        guarantee_property(!access_flags.is_native() && !access_flags.is_abstract(),
+        guarantee_property(
+            !access_flags.is_native() && !access_flags.is_abstract(),
                         "Code attribute in native or abstract methods in class file %s",
                          CHECK_(nullHandle));
       }
@@ -2125,7 +2135,9 @@
         runtime_visible_annotations_length = method_attribute_length;
         runtime_visible_annotations = cfs->get_u1_buffer();
         assert(runtime_visible_annotations != NULL, "null visible annotations");
-        parse_annotations(runtime_visible_annotations, runtime_visible_annotations_length, cp, &parsed_annotations, CHECK_(nullHandle));
+        parse_annotations(runtime_visible_annotations,
+            runtime_visible_annotations_length, cp, &parsed_annotations,
+            CHECK_(nullHandle));
         cfs->skip_u1(runtime_visible_annotations_length, CHECK_(nullHandle));
       } else if (PreserveAllAnnotations && method_attribute_name == vmSymbols::tag_runtime_invisible_annotations()) {
         runtime_invisible_annotations_length = method_attribute_length;
@@ -2169,12 +2181,10 @@
   }
 
   // All sizing information for a Method* is finally available, now create it
-  Method* m = Method::allocate(loader_data, code_length, access_flags,
-                               linenumber_table_length,
-                               total_lvt_length,
-                               exception_table_length,
-                               checked_exceptions_length,
-                               CHECK_(nullHandle));
+  Method* m = Method::allocate(
+      loader_data, code_length, access_flags, linenumber_table_length,
+      total_lvt_length, exception_table_length, checked_exceptions_length,
+      ConstMethod::NORMAL, CHECK_(nullHandle));
 
   ClassLoadingService::add_class_method_size(m->size()*HeapWordSize);
 
@@ -2204,7 +2214,6 @@
   // Fill in code attribute information
   m->set_max_stack(max_stack);
   m->set_max_locals(max_locals);
-
   m->constMethod()->set_stackmap_data(stackmap_data);
 
   // Copy byte codes
@@ -2356,6 +2365,7 @@
                                                Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_annotations,
                                                Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_parameter_annotations,
                                                Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_default_annotations,
+                                               bool* has_default_methods,
                                                TRAPS) {
   ClassFileStream* cfs = stream();
   AnnotationArray* method_annotations = NULL;
@@ -2382,6 +2392,10 @@
       if (method->is_final()) {
         *has_final_method = true;
       }
+      if (is_interface && !method->is_abstract() && !method->is_static()) {
+        // default method
+        *has_default_methods = true;
+      }
       methods->at_put(index, method());
       if (*methods_annotations == NULL) {
         *methods_annotations =
@@ -2907,6 +2921,34 @@
 }
 
 
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+static void parseAndPrintGenericSignatures(
+    instanceKlassHandle this_klass, TRAPS) {
+  assert(ParseAllGenericSignatures == true, "Shouldn't call otherwise");
+  ResourceMark rm;
+
+  if (this_klass->generic_signature() != NULL) {
+    using namespace generic;
+    ClassDescriptor* spec = ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(this_klass(), CHECK);
+
+    tty->print_cr("Parsing %s", this_klass->generic_signature()->as_C_string());
+    spec->print_on(tty);
+
+    for (int i = 0; i < this_klass->methods()->length(); ++i) {
+      Method* m = this_klass->methods()->at(i);
+      MethodDescriptor* method_spec = MethodDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(m, spec);
+      Symbol* sig = m->generic_signature();
+      if (sig == NULL) {
+        sig = m->signature();
+      }
+      tty->print_cr("Parsing %s", sig->as_C_string());
+      method_spec->print_on(tty);
+    }
+  }
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+
 instanceKlassHandle ClassFileParser::parseClassFile(Symbol* name,
                                                     Handle class_loader,
                                                     Handle protection_domain,
@@ -2923,6 +2965,8 @@
   unsigned char *cached_class_file_bytes = NULL;
   jint cached_class_file_length;
   ClassLoaderData* loader_data = ClassLoaderData::class_loader_data(class_loader());
+  bool has_default_methods = false;
+  ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 
   ClassFileStream* cfs = stream();
   // Timing
@@ -3138,7 +3182,9 @@
     if (itfs_len == 0) {
       local_interfaces = Universe::the_empty_klass_array();
     } else {
-      local_interfaces = parse_interfaces(cp, itfs_len, loader_data, protection_domain, _class_name, CHECK_(nullHandle));
+      local_interfaces = parse_interfaces(
+          cp, itfs_len, loader_data, protection_domain, _class_name,
+          &has_default_methods, CHECK_(nullHandle));
     }
 
     u2 java_fields_count = 0;
@@ -3164,6 +3210,7 @@
                                             &methods_annotations,
                                             &methods_parameter_annotations,
                                             &methods_default_annotations,
+                                            &has_default_methods,
                                             CHECK_(nullHandle));
 
     // Additional attributes
@@ -3193,6 +3240,11 @@
       super_klass = instanceKlassHandle(THREAD, kh());
     }
     if (super_klass.not_null()) {
+
+      if (super_klass->has_default_methods()) {
+        has_default_methods = true;
+      }
+
       if (super_klass->is_interface()) {
         ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
         Exceptions::fthrow(
@@ -3229,14 +3281,11 @@
     int itable_size = 0;
     int num_miranda_methods = 0;
 
-    klassVtable::compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(vtable_size,
-                                                      num_miranda_methods,
-                                                      super_klass(),
-                                                      methods,
-                                                      access_flags,
-                                                      class_loader,
-                                                      class_name,
-                                                      local_interfaces,
+    GrowableArray<Method*> all_mirandas(20);
+
+    klassVtable::compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(
+        &vtable_size, &num_miranda_methods, &all_mirandas, super_klass(), methods,
+        access_flags, class_loader, class_name, local_interfaces,
                                                       CHECK_(nullHandle));
 
     // Size of Java itable (in words)
@@ -3656,6 +3705,7 @@
 
     this_klass->set_minor_version(minor_version);
     this_klass->set_major_version(major_version);
+    this_klass->set_has_default_methods(has_default_methods);
 
     // Set up Method*::intrinsic_id as soon as we know the names of methods.
     // (We used to do this lazily, but now we query it in Rewriter,
@@ -3673,6 +3723,16 @@
                                         cached_class_file_length);
     }
 
+    // Fill in field values obtained by parse_classfile_attributes
+    if (parsed_annotations.has_any_annotations())
+      parsed_annotations.apply_to(this_klass);
+    // Create annotations
+    if (_annotations != NULL && this_klass->annotations() == NULL) {
+      Annotations* anno = Annotations::allocate(loader_data, CHECK_NULL);
+      this_klass->set_annotations(anno);
+    }
+    apply_parsed_class_attributes(this_klass);
+
     // Miranda methods
     if ((num_miranda_methods > 0) ||
         // if this class introduced new miranda methods or
@@ -3682,18 +3742,6 @@
       this_klass->set_has_miranda_methods(); // then set a flag
     }
 
-    // Fill in field values obtained by parse_classfile_attributes
-    if (parsed_annotations.has_any_annotations()) {
-      parsed_annotations.apply_to(this_klass);
-    }
-    // Create annotations
-    if (_annotations != NULL && this_klass->annotations() == NULL) {
-      Annotations* anno = Annotations::allocate(loader_data, CHECK_NULL);
-      this_klass->set_annotations(anno);
-    }
-    apply_parsed_class_attributes(this_klass);
-
-    // Compute transitive closure of interfaces this class implements
     this_klass->set_transitive_interfaces(transitive_interfaces);
 
     // Fill in information needed to compute superclasses.
@@ -3702,6 +3750,7 @@
     // Initialize itable offset tables
     klassItable::setup_itable_offset_table(this_klass);
 
+    // Compute transitive closure of interfaces this class implements
     // Do final class setup
     fill_oop_maps(this_klass, nonstatic_oop_map_count, nonstatic_oop_offsets, nonstatic_oop_counts);
 
@@ -3726,6 +3775,21 @@
       check_illegal_static_method(this_klass, CHECK_(nullHandle));
     }
 
+
+#ifdef ASSERT
+    if (ParseAllGenericSignatures) {
+      parseAndPrintGenericSignatures(this_klass, CHECK_(nullHandle));
+    }
+#endif
+
+    // Generate any default methods - default methods are interface methods
+    // that have a default implementation.  This is new with Lambda project.
+    if (has_default_methods && !access_flags.is_interface() &&
+        local_interfaces->length() > 0) {
+      DefaultMethods::generate_default_methods(
+          this_klass(), &all_mirandas, CHECK_(nullHandle));
+    }
+
     // Allocate mirror and initialize static fields
     java_lang_Class::create_mirror(this_klass, CHECK_(nullHandle));
 
@@ -3744,6 +3808,7 @@
                                              false /* not shared class */);
 
     if (TraceClassLoading) {
+      ResourceMark rm;
       // print in a single call to reduce interleaving of output
       if (cfs->source() != NULL) {
         tty->print("[Loaded %s from %s]\n", this_klass->external_name(),
@@ -3758,13 +3823,13 @@
           tty->print("[Loaded %s]\n", this_klass->external_name());
         }
       } else {
-        ResourceMark rm;
         tty->print("[Loaded %s from %s]\n", this_klass->external_name(),
                    InstanceKlass::cast(class_loader->klass())->external_name());
       }
     }
 
     if (TraceClassResolution) {
+      ResourceMark rm;
       // print out the superclass.
       const char * from = Klass::cast(this_klass())->external_name();
       if (this_klass->java_super() != NULL) {
@@ -3785,6 +3850,7 @@
 
 #ifndef PRODUCT
     if( PrintCompactFieldsSavings ) {
+      ResourceMark rm;
       if( nonstatic_field_size < orig_nonstatic_field_size ) {
         tty->print("[Saved %d of %d bytes in %s]\n",
                  (orig_nonstatic_field_size - nonstatic_field_size)*heapOopSize,
@@ -3811,7 +3877,6 @@
   return this_klass;
 }
 
-
 unsigned int
 ClassFileParser::compute_oop_map_count(instanceKlassHandle super,
                                        unsigned int nonstatic_oop_map_count,
@@ -4263,13 +4328,16 @@
   const bool is_strict       = (flags & JVM_ACC_STRICT)       != 0;
   const bool is_synchronized = (flags & JVM_ACC_SYNCHRONIZED) != 0;
   const bool major_gte_15    = _major_version >= JAVA_1_5_VERSION;
+  const bool major_gte_8     = _major_version >= JAVA_8_VERSION;
   const bool is_initializer  = (name == vmSymbols::object_initializer_name());
 
   bool is_illegal = false;
 
   if (is_interface) {
-    if (!is_abstract || !is_public || is_static || is_final ||
-        is_native || (major_gte_15 && (is_synchronized || is_strict))) {
+    if (!is_public || is_static || is_final || is_native ||
+        ((is_synchronized || is_strict) && major_gte_15 &&
+            (!major_gte_8 || is_abstract)) ||
+        (!major_gte_8 && !is_abstract)) {
       is_illegal = true;
     }
   } else { // not interface
--- a/src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/classFileParser.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -151,6 +151,7 @@
                                   ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
                                   Handle protection_domain,
                                   Symbol* class_name,
+                                  bool* has_default_methods,
                                   TRAPS);
   void record_defined_class_dependencies(instanceKlassHandle defined_klass, TRAPS);
 
@@ -188,6 +189,7 @@
                                 Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_annotations,
                                 Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_parameter_annotations,
                                 Array<AnnotationArray*>** methods_default_annotations,
+                                bool* has_default_method,
                                 TRAPS);
   Array<int>* sort_methods(ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
                            Array<Method*>* methods,
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/defaultMethods.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,1387 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "precompiled.hpp"
+#include "classfile/bytecodeAssembler.hpp"
+#include "classfile/defaultMethods.hpp"
+#include "classfile/genericSignatures.hpp"
+#include "classfile/symbolTable.hpp"
+#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
+#include "memory/metadataFactory.hpp"
+#include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
+#include "runtime/signature.hpp"
+#include "runtime/thread.hpp"
+#include "oops/instanceKlass.hpp"
+#include "oops/klass.hpp"
+#include "oops/method.hpp"
+#include "utilities/accessFlags.hpp"
+#include "utilities/exceptions.hpp"
+#include "utilities/ostream.hpp"
+#include "utilities/pair.hpp"
+#include "utilities/resourceHash.hpp"
+
+typedef enum { QUALIFIED, DISQUALIFIED } QualifiedState;
+
+// Because we use an iterative algorithm when iterating over the type
+// hierarchy, we can't use traditional scoped objects which automatically do
+// cleanup in the destructor when the scope is exited.  PseudoScope (and
+// PseudoScopeMark) provides a similar functionality, but for when you want a
+// scoped object in non-stack memory (such as in resource memory, as we do
+// here).  You've just got to remember to call 'destroy()' on the scope when
+// leaving it (and marks have to be explicitly added).
+class PseudoScopeMark : public ResourceObj {
+ public:
+  virtual void destroy() = 0;
+};
+
+class PseudoScope : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  GrowableArray<PseudoScopeMark*> _marks;
+ public:
+
+  static PseudoScope* cast(void* data) {
+    return static_cast<PseudoScope*>(data);
+  }
+
+  void add_mark(PseudoScopeMark* psm) {
+   _marks.append(psm);
+  }
+
+  void destroy() {
+    for (int i = 0; i < _marks.length(); ++i) {
+      _marks.at(i)->destroy();
+    }
+  }
+};
+
+class ContextMark : public PseudoScopeMark {
+ private:
+  generic::Context::Mark _mark;
+ public:
+  ContextMark(const generic::Context::Mark& cm) : _mark(cm) {}
+  virtual void destroy() { _mark.destroy(); }
+};
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+static void print_slot(outputStream* str, Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) {
+  ResourceMark rm;
+  str->print("%s%s", name->as_C_string(), signature->as_C_string());
+}
+
+static void print_method(outputStream* str, Method* mo, bool with_class=true) {
+  ResourceMark rm;
+  if (with_class) {
+    str->print("%s.", mo->klass_name()->as_C_string());
+  }
+  print_slot(str, mo->name(), mo->signature());
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+/**
+ * Perform a depth-first iteration over the class hierarchy, applying
+ * algorithmic logic as it goes.
+ *
+ * This class is one half of the inheritance hierarchy analysis mechanism.
+ * It is meant to be used in conjunction with another class, the algorithm,
+ * which is indicated by the ALGO template parameter.  This class can be
+ * paired with any algorithm class that provides the required methods.
+ *
+ * This class contains all the mechanics for iterating over the class hierarchy
+ * starting at a particular root, without recursing (thus limiting stack growth
+ * from this point).  It visits each superclass (if present) and superinterface
+ * in a depth-first manner, with callbacks to the ALGO class as each class is
+ * encountered (visit()), The algorithm can cut-off further exploration of a
+ * particular branch by returning 'false' from a visit() call.
+ *
+ * The ALGO class, must provide a visit() method, which each of which will be
+ * called once for each node in the inheritance tree during the iteration.  In
+ * addition, it can provide a memory block via new_node_data(InstanceKlass*),
+ * which it can use for node-specific storage (and access via the
+ * current_data() and data_at_depth(int) methods).
+ *
+ * Bare minimum needed to be an ALGO class:
+ * class Algo : public HierarchyVisitor<Algo> {
+ *   void* new_node_data(InstanceKlass* cls) { return NULL; }
+ *   void free_node_data(void* data) { return; }
+ *   bool visit() { return true; }
+ * };
+ */
+template <class ALGO>
+class HierarchyVisitor : StackObj {
+ private:
+
+  class Node : public ResourceObj {
+   public:
+    InstanceKlass* _class;
+    bool _super_was_visited;
+    int _interface_index;
+    void* _algorithm_data;
+
+    Node(InstanceKlass* cls, void* data, bool visit_super)
+        : _class(cls), _super_was_visited(!visit_super),
+          _interface_index(0), _algorithm_data(data) {}
+
+    int number_of_interfaces() { return _class->local_interfaces()->length(); }
+    int interface_index() { return _interface_index; }
+    void set_super_visited() { _super_was_visited = true; }
+    void increment_visited_interface() { ++_interface_index; }
+    void set_all_interfaces_visited() {
+      _interface_index = number_of_interfaces();
+    }
+    bool has_visited_super() { return _super_was_visited; }
+    bool has_visited_all_interfaces() {
+      return interface_index() >= number_of_interfaces();
+    }
+    InstanceKlass* interface_at(int index) {
+      return InstanceKlass::cast(_class->local_interfaces()->at(index));
+    }
+    InstanceKlass* next_super() { return _class->java_super(); }
+    InstanceKlass* next_interface() {
+      return interface_at(interface_index());
+    }
+  };
+
+  bool _cancelled;
+  GrowableArray<Node*> _path;
+
+  Node* current_top() const { return _path.top(); }
+  bool has_more_nodes() const { return !_path.is_empty(); }
+  void push(InstanceKlass* cls, void* data) {
+    assert(cls != NULL, "Requires a valid instance class");
+    Node* node = new Node(cls, data, has_super(cls));
+    _path.push(node);
+  }
+  void pop() { _path.pop(); }
+
+  void reset_iteration() {
+    _cancelled = false;
+    _path.clear();
+  }
+  bool is_cancelled() const { return _cancelled; }
+
+  static bool has_super(InstanceKlass* cls) {
+    return cls->super() != NULL && !cls->is_interface();
+  }
+
+  Node* node_at_depth(int i) const {
+    return (i >= _path.length()) ? NULL : _path.at(_path.length() - i - 1);
+  }
+
+ protected:
+
+  // Accessors available to the algorithm
+  int current_depth() const { return _path.length() - 1; }
+
+  InstanceKlass* class_at_depth(int i) {
+    Node* n = node_at_depth(i);
+    return n == NULL ? NULL : n->_class;
+  }
+  InstanceKlass* current_class() { return class_at_depth(0); }
+
+  void* data_at_depth(int i) {
+    Node* n = node_at_depth(i);
+    return n == NULL ? NULL : n->_algorithm_data;
+  }
+  void* current_data() { return data_at_depth(0); }
+
+  void cancel_iteration() { _cancelled = true; }
+
+ public:
+
+  void run(InstanceKlass* root) {
+    ALGO* algo = static_cast<ALGO*>(this);
+
+    reset_iteration();
+
+    void* algo_data = algo->new_node_data(root);
+    push(root, algo_data);
+    bool top_needs_visit = true;
+
+    do {
+      Node* top = current_top();
+      if (top_needs_visit) {
+        if (algo->visit() == false) {
+          // algorithm does not want to continue along this path.  Arrange
+          // it so that this state is immediately popped off the stack
+          top->set_super_visited();
+          top->set_all_interfaces_visited();
+        }
+        top_needs_visit = false;
+      }
+
+      if (top->has_visited_super() && top->has_visited_all_interfaces()) {
+        algo->free_node_data(top->_algorithm_data);
+        pop();
+      } else {
+        InstanceKlass* next = NULL;
+        if (top->has_visited_super() == false) {
+          next = top->next_super();
+          top->set_super_visited();
+        } else {
+          next = top->next_interface();
+          top->increment_visited_interface();
+        }
+        assert(next != NULL, "Otherwise we shouldn't be here");
+        algo_data = algo->new_node_data(next);
+        push(next, algo_data);
+        top_needs_visit = true;
+      }
+    } while (!is_cancelled() && has_more_nodes());
+  }
+};
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+class PrintHierarchy : public HierarchyVisitor<PrintHierarchy> {
+ public:
+
+  bool visit() {
+    InstanceKlass* cls = current_class();
+    streamIndentor si(tty, current_depth() * 2);
+    tty->indent().print_cr("%s", cls->name()->as_C_string());
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  void* new_node_data(InstanceKlass* cls) { return NULL; }
+  void free_node_data(void* data) { return; }
+};
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+// Used to register InstanceKlass objects and all related metadata structures
+// (Methods, ConstantPools) as "in-use" by the current thread so that they can't
+// be deallocated by class redefinition while we're using them.  The classes are
+// de-registered when this goes out of scope.
+//
+// Once a class is registered, we need not bother with methodHandles or
+// constantPoolHandles for it's associated metadata.
+class KeepAliveRegistrar : public StackObj {
+ private:
+  Thread* _thread;
+  GrowableArray<ConstantPool*> _keep_alive;
+
+ public:
+  KeepAliveRegistrar(Thread* thread) : _thread(thread), _keep_alive(20) {
+    assert(thread == Thread::current(), "Must be current thread");
+  }
+
+  ~KeepAliveRegistrar() {
+    for (int i = _keep_alive.length() - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
+      ConstantPool* cp = _keep_alive.at(i);
+      int idx = _thread->metadata_handles()->find_from_end(cp);
+      assert(idx > 0, "Must be in the list");
+      _thread->metadata_handles()->remove_at(idx);
+    }
+  }
+
+  // Register a class as 'in-use' by the thread.  It's fine to register a class
+  // multiple times (though perhaps inefficient)
+  void register_class(InstanceKlass* ik) {
+    ConstantPool* cp = ik->constants();
+    _keep_alive.push(cp);
+    _thread->metadata_handles()->push(cp);
+  }
+};
+
+class KeepAliveVisitor : public HierarchyVisitor<KeepAliveVisitor> {
+ private:
+  KeepAliveRegistrar* _registrar;
+
+ public:
+  KeepAliveVisitor(KeepAliveRegistrar* registrar) : _registrar(registrar) {}
+
+  void* new_node_data(InstanceKlass* cls) { return NULL; }
+  void free_node_data(void* data) { return; }
+
+  bool visit() {
+    _registrar->register_class(current_class());
+    return true;
+  }
+};
+
+// A method family contains a set of all methods that implement a single
+// language-level method.  Because of erasure, these methods may have different
+// signatures.  As members of the set are collected while walking over the
+// hierarchy, they are tagged with a qualification state.  The qualification
+// state for an erased method is set to disqualified if there exists a path
+// from the root of hierarchy to the method that contains an interleaving
+// language-equivalent method defined in an interface.
+class MethodFamily : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+
+  generic::MethodDescriptor* _descriptor; // language-level description
+  GrowableArray<Pair<Method*,QualifiedState> > _members;
+  ResourceHashtable<Method*, int> _member_index;
+
+  Method* _selected_target;  // Filled in later, if a unique target exists
+  Symbol* _exception_message; // If no unique target is found
+
+  bool contains_method(Method* method) {
+    int* lookup = _member_index.get(method);
+    return lookup != NULL;
+  }
+
+  void add_method(Method* method, QualifiedState state) {
+    Pair<Method*,QualifiedState> entry(method, state);
+    _member_index.put(method, _members.length());
+    _members.append(entry);
+  }
+
+  void disqualify_method(Method* method) {
+    int* index = _member_index.get(method);
+    assert(index != NULL && *index >= 0 && *index < _members.length(), "bad index");
+    _members.at(*index).second = DISQUALIFIED;
+  }
+
+  Symbol* generate_no_defaults_message(TRAPS) const;
+  Symbol* generate_abstract_method_message(Method* method, TRAPS) const;
+  Symbol* generate_conflicts_message(GrowableArray<Method*>* methods, TRAPS) const;
+
+ public:
+
+  MethodFamily(generic::MethodDescriptor* canonical_desc)
+      : _descriptor(canonical_desc), _selected_target(NULL),
+        _exception_message(NULL) {}
+
+  generic::MethodDescriptor* descriptor() const { return _descriptor; }
+
+  bool descriptor_matches(generic::MethodDescriptor* md, generic::Context* ctx) {
+    return descriptor()->covariant_match(md, ctx);
+  }
+
+  void set_target_if_empty(Method* m) {
+    if (_selected_target == NULL && !m->is_overpass()) {
+      _selected_target = m;
+    }
+  }
+
+  void record_qualified_method(Method* m) {
+    // If the method already exists in the set as qualified, this operation is
+    // redundant.  If it already exists as disqualified, then we leave it as
+    // disqualfied.  Thus we only add to the set if it's not already in the
+    // set.
+    if (!contains_method(m)) {
+      add_method(m, QUALIFIED);
+    }
+  }
+
+  void record_disqualified_method(Method* m) {
+    // If not in the set, add it as disqualified.  If it's already in the set,
+    // then set the state to disqualified no matter what the previous state was.
+    if (!contains_method(m)) {
+      add_method(m, DISQUALIFIED);
+    } else {
+      disqualify_method(m);
+    }
+  }
+
+  bool has_target() const { return _selected_target != NULL; }
+  bool throws_exception() { return _exception_message != NULL; }
+
+  Method* get_selected_target() { return _selected_target; }
+  Symbol* get_exception_message() { return _exception_message; }
+
+  // Either sets the target or the exception error message
+  void determine_target(InstanceKlass* root, TRAPS) {
+    if (has_target() || throws_exception()) {
+      return;
+    }
+
+    GrowableArray<Method*> qualified_methods;
+    for (int i = 0; i < _members.length(); ++i) {
+      Pair<Method*,QualifiedState> entry = _members.at(i);
+      if (entry.second == QUALIFIED) {
+        qualified_methods.append(entry.first);
+      }
+    }
+
+    if (qualified_methods.length() == 0) {
+      _exception_message = generate_no_defaults_message(CHECK);
+    } else if (qualified_methods.length() == 1) {
+      Method* method = qualified_methods.at(0);
+      if (method->is_abstract()) {
+        _exception_message = generate_abstract_method_message(method, CHECK);
+      } else {
+        _selected_target = qualified_methods.at(0);
+      }
+    } else {
+      _exception_message = generate_conflicts_message(&qualified_methods,CHECK);
+    }
+
+    assert((has_target() ^ throws_exception()) == 1,
+           "One and only one must be true");
+  }
+
+  bool contains_signature(Symbol* query) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < _members.length(); ++i) {
+      if (query == _members.at(i).first->signature()) {
+        return true;
+      }
+    }
+    return false;
+  }
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+    print_on(str, 0);
+  }
+
+  void print_on(outputStream* str, int indent) const {
+    streamIndentor si(str, indent * 2);
+
+    generic::Context ctx(NULL); // empty, as _descriptor already canonicalized
+    TempNewSymbol family = descriptor()->reify_signature(&ctx, Thread::current());
+    str->indent().print_cr("Logical Method %s:", family->as_C_string());
+
+    streamIndentor si2(str);
+    for (int i = 0; i < _members.length(); ++i) {
+      str->indent();
+      print_method(str, _members.at(i).first);
+      if (_members.at(i).second == DISQUALIFIED) {
+        str->print(" (disqualified)");
+      }
+      str->print_cr("");
+    }
+
+    if (_selected_target != NULL) {
+      print_selected(str, 1);
+    }
+  }
+
+  void print_selected(outputStream* str, int indent) const {
+    assert(has_target(), "Should be called otherwise");
+    streamIndentor si(str, indent * 2);
+    str->indent().print("Selected method: ");
+    print_method(str, _selected_target);
+    str->print_cr("");
+  }
+
+  void print_exception(outputStream* str, int indent) {
+    assert(throws_exception(), "Should be called otherwise");
+    streamIndentor si(str, indent * 2);
+    str->indent().print_cr("%s", _exception_message->as_C_string());
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+};
+
+Symbol* MethodFamily::generate_no_defaults_message(TRAPS) const {
+  return SymbolTable::new_symbol("No qualifying defaults found", CHECK_NULL);
+}
+
+Symbol* MethodFamily::generate_abstract_method_message(Method* method, TRAPS) const {
+  Symbol* klass = method->klass_name();
+  Symbol* name = method->name();
+  Symbol* sig = method->signature();
+  stringStream ss;
+  ss.print("Method ");
+  ss.write((const char*)klass->bytes(), klass->utf8_length());
+  ss.print(".");
+  ss.write((const char*)name->bytes(), name->utf8_length());
+  ss.write((const char*)sig->bytes(), sig->utf8_length());
+  ss.print(" is abstract");
+  return SymbolTable::new_symbol(ss.base(), (int)ss.size(), CHECK_NULL);
+}
+
+Symbol* MethodFamily::generate_conflicts_message(GrowableArray<Method*>* methods, TRAPS) const {
+  stringStream ss;
+  ss.print("Conflicting default methods:");
+  for (int i = 0; i < methods->length(); ++i) {
+    Method* method = methods->at(i);
+    Symbol* klass = method->klass_name();
+    Symbol* name = method->name();
+    ss.print(" ");
+    ss.write((const char*)klass->bytes(), klass->utf8_length());
+    ss.print(".");
+    ss.write((const char*)name->bytes(), name->utf8_length());
+  }
+  return SymbolTable::new_symbol(ss.base(), (int)ss.size(), CHECK_NULL);
+}
+
+class StateRestorer;
+
+// StatefulMethodFamily is a wrapper around MethodFamily that maintains the
+// qualification state during hierarchy visitation, and applies that state
+// when adding members to the MethodFamily.
+class StatefulMethodFamily : public ResourceObj {
+  friend class StateRestorer;
+ private:
+  MethodFamily* _method;
+  QualifiedState _qualification_state;
+
+  void set_qualification_state(QualifiedState state) {
+    _qualification_state = state;
+  }
+
+ public:
+  StatefulMethodFamily(generic::MethodDescriptor* md, generic::Context* ctx) {
+    _method = new MethodFamily(md->canonicalize(ctx));
+    _qualification_state = QUALIFIED;
+  }
+
+  void set_target_if_empty(Method* m) { _method->set_target_if_empty(m); }
+
+  MethodFamily* get_method_family() { return _method; }
+
+  bool descriptor_matches(generic::MethodDescriptor* md, generic::Context* ctx) {
+    return _method->descriptor_matches(md, ctx);
+  }
+
+  StateRestorer* record_method_and_dq_further(Method* mo);
+};
+
+class StateRestorer : public PseudoScopeMark {
+ private:
+  StatefulMethodFamily* _method;
+  QualifiedState _state_to_restore;
+ public:
+  StateRestorer(StatefulMethodFamily* dm, QualifiedState state)
+      : _method(dm), _state_to_restore(state) {}
+  ~StateRestorer() { destroy(); }
+  void restore_state() { _method->set_qualification_state(_state_to_restore); }
+  virtual void destroy() { restore_state(); }
+};
+
+StateRestorer* StatefulMethodFamily::record_method_and_dq_further(Method* mo) {
+  StateRestorer* mark = new StateRestorer(this, _qualification_state);
+  if (_qualification_state == QUALIFIED) {
+    _method->record_qualified_method(mo);
+  } else {
+    _method->record_disqualified_method(mo);
+  }
+  // Everything found "above"??? this method in the hierarchy walk is set to
+  // disqualified
+  set_qualification_state(DISQUALIFIED);
+  return mark;
+}
+
+class StatefulMethodFamilies : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  GrowableArray<StatefulMethodFamily*> _methods;
+
+ public:
+  StatefulMethodFamily* find_matching(
+      generic::MethodDescriptor* md, generic::Context* ctx) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < _methods.length(); ++i) {
+      StatefulMethodFamily* existing = _methods.at(i);
+      if (existing->descriptor_matches(md, ctx)) {
+        return existing;
+      }
+    }
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  StatefulMethodFamily* find_matching_or_create(
+      generic::MethodDescriptor* md, generic::Context* ctx) {
+    StatefulMethodFamily* method = find_matching(md, ctx);
+    if (method == NULL) {
+      method = new StatefulMethodFamily(md, ctx);
+      _methods.append(method);
+    }
+    return method;
+  }
+
+  void extract_families_into(GrowableArray<MethodFamily*>* array) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < _methods.length(); ++i) {
+      array->append(_methods.at(i)->get_method_family());
+    }
+  }
+};
+
+// Represents a location corresponding to a vtable slot for methods that
+// neither the class nor any of it's ancestors provide an implementaion.
+// Default methods may be present to fill this slot.
+class EmptyVtableSlot : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  Symbol* _name;
+  Symbol* _signature;
+  int _size_of_parameters;
+  MethodFamily* _binding;
+
+ public:
+  EmptyVtableSlot(Method* method)
+      : _name(method->name()), _signature(method->signature()),
+        _size_of_parameters(method->size_of_parameters()), _binding(NULL) {}
+
+  Symbol* name() const { return _name; }
+  Symbol* signature() const { return _signature; }
+  int size_of_parameters() const { return _size_of_parameters; }
+
+  void bind_family(MethodFamily* lm) { _binding = lm; }
+  bool is_bound() { return _binding != NULL; }
+  MethodFamily* get_binding() { return _binding; }
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+    print_slot(str, name(), signature());
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+};
+
+static GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>* find_empty_vtable_slots(
+    InstanceKlass* klass, GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas, TRAPS) {
+
+  assert(klass != NULL, "Must be valid class");
+
+  GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>* slots = new GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>();
+
+  // All miranda methods are obvious candidates
+  for (int i = 0; i < mirandas->length(); ++i) {
+    EmptyVtableSlot* slot = new EmptyVtableSlot(mirandas->at(i));
+    slots->append(slot);
+  }
+
+  // Also any overpasses in our superclasses, that we haven't implemented.
+  // (can't use the vtable because it is not guaranteed to be initialized yet)
+  InstanceKlass* super = klass->java_super();
+  while (super != NULL) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < super->methods()->length(); ++i) {
+      Method* m = super->methods()->at(i);
+      if (m->is_overpass()) {
+        // m is a method that would have been a miranda if not for the
+        // default method processing that occurred on behalf of our superclass,
+        // so it's a method we want to re-examine in this new context.  That is,
+        // unless we have a real implementation of it in the current class.
+        Method* impl = klass->lookup_method(m->name(), m->signature());
+        if (impl == NULL || impl->is_overpass()) {
+          slots->append(new EmptyVtableSlot(m));
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    super = super->java_super();
+  }
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    tty->print_cr("Slots that need filling:");
+    streamIndentor si(tty);
+    for (int i = 0; i < slots->length(); ++i) {
+      tty->indent();
+      slots->at(i)->print_on(tty);
+      tty->print_cr("");
+    }
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+  return slots;
+}
+
+// Iterates over the type hierarchy looking for all methods with a specific
+// method name.  The result of this is a set of method families each of
+// which is populated with a set of methods that implement the same
+// language-level signature.
+class FindMethodsByName : public HierarchyVisitor<FindMethodsByName> {
+ private:
+  // Context data
+  Thread* THREAD;
+  generic::DescriptorCache* _cache;
+  Symbol* _method_name;
+  generic::Context* _ctx;
+  StatefulMethodFamilies _families;
+
+ public:
+
+  FindMethodsByName(generic::DescriptorCache* cache, Symbol* name,
+      generic::Context* ctx, Thread* thread) :
+    _cache(cache), _method_name(name), _ctx(ctx), THREAD(thread) {}
+
+  void get_discovered_families(GrowableArray<MethodFamily*>* methods) {
+    _families.extract_families_into(methods);
+  }
+
+  void* new_node_data(InstanceKlass* cls) { return new PseudoScope(); }
+  void free_node_data(void* node_data) {
+    PseudoScope::cast(node_data)->destroy();
+  }
+
+  bool visit() {
+    PseudoScope* scope = PseudoScope::cast(current_data());
+    InstanceKlass* klass = current_class();
+    InstanceKlass* sub = current_depth() > 0 ? class_at_depth(1) : NULL;
+
+    ContextMark* cm = new ContextMark(_ctx->mark());
+    scope->add_mark(cm); // will restore context when scope is freed
+
+    _ctx->apply_type_arguments(sub, klass, THREAD);
+
+    int start, end = 0;
+    start = klass->find_method_by_name(_method_name, &end);
+    if (start != -1) {
+      for (int i = start; i < end; ++i) {
+        Method* m = klass->methods()->at(i);
+        // This gets the method's parameter list with its generic type
+        // parameters resolved
+        generic::MethodDescriptor* md = _cache->descriptor_for(m, THREAD);
+
+        // Find all methods on this hierarchy that match this method
+        // (name, signature).   This class collects other families of this
+        // method name.
+        StatefulMethodFamily* family =
+            _families.find_matching_or_create(md, _ctx);
+
+        if (klass->is_interface()) {
+          // ???
+          StateRestorer* restorer = family->record_method_and_dq_further(m);
+          scope->add_mark(restorer);
+        } else {
+          // This is the rule that methods in classes "win" (bad word) over
+          // methods in interfaces.  This works because of single inheritance
+          family->set_target_if_empty(m);
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    return true;
+  }
+};
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+static void print_families(
+    GrowableArray<MethodFamily*>* methods, Symbol* match) {
+  streamIndentor si(tty, 4);
+  if (methods->length() == 0) {
+    tty->indent();
+    tty->print_cr("No Logical Method found");
+  }
+  for (int i = 0; i < methods->length(); ++i) {
+    tty->indent();
+    MethodFamily* lm = methods->at(i);
+    if (lm->contains_signature(match)) {
+      tty->print_cr("<Matching>");
+    } else {
+      tty->print_cr("<Non-Matching>");
+    }
+    lm->print_on(tty, 1);
+  }
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+static void merge_in_new_methods(InstanceKlass* klass,
+    GrowableArray<Method*>* new_methods, TRAPS);
+static void create_overpasses(
+    GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>* slots, InstanceKlass* klass, TRAPS);
+
+// This is the guts of the default methods implementation.  This is called just
+// after the classfile has been parsed if some ancestor has default methods.
+//
+// First if finds any name/signature slots that need any implementation (either
+// because they are miranda or a superclass's implementation is an overpass
+// itself).  For each slot, iterate over the hierarchy, using generic signature
+// information to partition any methods that match the name into method families
+// where each family contains methods whose signatures are equivalent at the
+// language level (i.e., their reified parameters match and return values are
+// covariant). Check those sets to see if they contain a signature that matches
+// the slot we're looking at (if we're lucky, there might be other empty slots
+// that we can fill using the same analysis).
+//
+// For each slot filled, we generate an overpass method that either calls the
+// unique default method candidate using invokespecial, or throws an exception
+// (in the case of no default method candidates, or more than one valid
+// candidate).  These methods are then added to the class's method list.  If
+// the method set we're using contains methods (qualified or not) with a
+// different runtime signature than the method we're creating, then we have to
+// create bridges with those signatures too.
+void DefaultMethods::generate_default_methods(
+    InstanceKlass* klass, GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas, TRAPS) {
+
+  // This resource mark is the bound for all memory allocation that takes
+  // place during default method processing.  After this goes out of scope,
+  // all (Resource) objects' memory will be reclaimed.  Be careful if adding an
+  // embedded resource mark under here as that memory can't be used outside
+  // whatever scope it's in.
+  ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
+
+  generic::DescriptorCache cache;
+
+  // Keep entire hierarchy alive for the duration of the computation
+  KeepAliveRegistrar keepAlive(THREAD);
+  KeepAliveVisitor loadKeepAlive(&keepAlive);
+  loadKeepAlive.run(klass);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    ResourceMark rm;  // be careful with these!
+    tty->print_cr("Class %s requires default method processing",
+        klass->name()->as_klass_external_name());
+    PrintHierarchy printer;
+    printer.run(klass);
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+  GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>* empty_slots =
+      find_empty_vtable_slots(klass, mirandas, CHECK);
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < empty_slots->length(); ++i) {
+    EmptyVtableSlot* slot = empty_slots->at(i);
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+    if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+      streamIndentor si(tty, 2);
+      tty->indent().print("Looking for default methods for slot ");
+      slot->print_on(tty);
+      tty->print_cr("");
+    }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+    if (slot->is_bound()) {
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+      if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+        streamIndentor si(tty, 4);
+        tty->indent().print_cr("Already bound to logical method:");
+        slot->get_binding()->print_on(tty, 1);
+      }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+      continue; // covered by previous processing
+    }
+
+    generic::Context ctx(&cache);
+    FindMethodsByName visitor(&cache, slot->name(), &ctx, CHECK);
+    visitor.run(klass);
+
+    GrowableArray<MethodFamily*> discovered_families;
+    visitor.get_discovered_families(&discovered_families);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+    if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+      print_families(&discovered_families, slot->signature());
+    }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+    // Find and populate any other slots that match the discovered families
+    for (int j = i; j < empty_slots->length(); ++j) {
+      EmptyVtableSlot* open_slot = empty_slots->at(j);
+
+      if (slot->name() == open_slot->name()) {
+        for (int k = 0; k < discovered_families.length(); ++k) {
+          MethodFamily* lm = discovered_families.at(k);
+
+          if (lm->contains_signature(open_slot->signature())) {
+            lm->determine_target(klass, CHECK);
+            open_slot->bind_family(lm);
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    tty->print_cr("Creating overpasses...");
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+  create_overpasses(empty_slots, klass, CHECK);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    tty->print_cr("Default method processing complete");
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Generic analysis was used upon interface '_target' and found a unique
+ * default method candidate with generic signature '_method_desc'.  This
+ * method is only viable if it would also be in the set of default method
+ * candidates if we ran a full analysis on the current class.
+ *
+ * The only reason that the method would not be in the set of candidates for
+ * the current class is if that there's another covariantly matching method
+ * which is "more specific" than the found method -- i.e., one could find a
+ * path in the interface hierarchy in which the matching method appears
+ * before we get to '_target'.
+ *
+ * In order to determine this, we examine all of the implemented
+ * interfaces.  If we find path that leads to the '_target' interface, then
+ * we examine that path to see if there are any methods that would shadow
+ * the selected method along that path.
+ */
+class ShadowChecker : public HierarchyVisitor<ShadowChecker> {
+ private:
+  generic::DescriptorCache* _cache;
+  Thread* THREAD;
+
+  InstanceKlass* _target;
+
+  Symbol* _method_name;
+  InstanceKlass* _method_holder;
+  generic::MethodDescriptor* _method_desc;
+  bool _found_shadow;
+
+  bool path_has_shadow() {
+    generic::Context ctx(_cache);
+
+    for (int i = current_depth() - 1; i > 0; --i) {
+      InstanceKlass* ik = class_at_depth(i);
+      InstanceKlass* sub = class_at_depth(i + 1);
+      ctx.apply_type_arguments(sub, ik, THREAD);
+
+      if (ik->is_interface()) {
+        int end;
+        int start = ik->find_method_by_name(_method_name, &end);
+        if (start != -1) {
+          for (int j = start; j < end; ++j) {
+            Method* mo = ik->methods()->at(j);
+            generic::MethodDescriptor* md = _cache->descriptor_for(mo, THREAD);
+            if (_method_desc->covariant_match(md, &ctx)) {
+              return true;
+            }
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    return false;
+  }
+
+ public:
+
+  ShadowChecker(generic::DescriptorCache* cache, Thread* thread,
+      Symbol* name, InstanceKlass* holder, generic::MethodDescriptor* desc,
+      InstanceKlass* target)
+    : _cache(cache), THREAD(thread), _method_name(name), _method_holder(holder),
+      _method_desc(desc), _target(target), _found_shadow(false) {}
+
+  void* new_node_data(InstanceKlass* cls) { return NULL; }
+  void free_node_data(void* data) { return; }
+
+  bool visit() {
+    InstanceKlass* ik = current_class();
+    if (ik == _target && current_depth() == 1) {
+      return false; // This was the specified super -- no need to search it
+    }
+    if (ik == _method_holder || ik == _target) {
+      // We found a path that should be examined to see if it shadows _method
+      if (path_has_shadow()) {
+        _found_shadow = true;
+        cancel_iteration();
+      }
+      return false; // no need to continue up hierarchy
+    }
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  bool found_shadow() { return _found_shadow; }
+};
+
+// This is called during linktime when we find an invokespecial call that
+// refers to a direct superinterface.  It indicates that we should find the
+// default method in the hierarchy of that superinterface, and if that method
+// would have been a candidate from the point of view of 'this' class, then we
+// return that method.
+Method* DefaultMethods::find_super_default(
+    Klass* cls, Klass* super, Symbol* method_name, Symbol* sig, TRAPS) {
+
+  ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
+
+  assert(cls != NULL && super != NULL, "Need real classes");
+
+  InstanceKlass* current_class = InstanceKlass::cast(cls);
+  InstanceKlass* direction = InstanceKlass::cast(super);
+
+  // Keep entire hierarchy alive for the duration of the computation
+  KeepAliveRegistrar keepAlive(THREAD);
+  KeepAliveVisitor loadKeepAlive(&keepAlive);
+  loadKeepAlive.run(current_class);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    tty->print_cr("Finding super default method %s.%s%s from %s",
+      direction->name()->as_C_string(),
+      method_name->as_C_string(), sig->as_C_string(),
+      current_class->name()->as_C_string());
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+  if (!direction->is_interface()) {
+    // We should not be here
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  generic::DescriptorCache cache;
+  generic::Context ctx(&cache);
+
+  // Prime the initial generic context for current -> direction
+  ctx.apply_type_arguments(current_class, direction, CHECK_NULL);
+
+  FindMethodsByName visitor(&cache, method_name, &ctx, CHECK_NULL);
+  visitor.run(direction);
+
+  GrowableArray<MethodFamily*> families;
+  visitor.get_discovered_families(&families);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    print_families(&families, sig);
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+  MethodFamily* selected_family = NULL;
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < families.length(); ++i) {
+    MethodFamily* lm = families.at(i);
+    if (lm->contains_signature(sig)) {
+      lm->determine_target(current_class, CHECK_NULL);
+      selected_family = lm;
+    }
+  }
+
+  if (selected_family->has_target()) {
+    Method* target = selected_family->get_selected_target();
+    InstanceKlass* holder = InstanceKlass::cast(target->method_holder());
+
+    // Verify that the identified method is valid from the context of
+    // the current class
+    ShadowChecker checker(&cache, THREAD, target->name(),
+        holder, selected_family->descriptor(), direction);
+    checker.run(current_class);
+
+    if (checker.found_shadow()) {
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+      if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+        tty->print_cr("    Only candidate found was shadowed.");
+      }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+      THROW_MSG_(vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError(),
+                 "Accessible default method not found", NULL);
+    } else {
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+      if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+        tty->print("    Returning ");
+        print_method(tty, target, true);
+        tty->print_cr("");
+      }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+      return target;
+    }
+  } else {
+    assert(selected_family->throws_exception(), "must have target or throw");
+    THROW_MSG_(vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError(),
+               selected_family->get_exception_message()->as_C_string(), NULL);
+  }
+}
+
+
+static int assemble_redirect(
+    BytecodeConstantPool* cp, BytecodeBuffer* buffer,
+    Symbol* incoming, Method* target, TRAPS) {
+
+  BytecodeAssembler assem(buffer, cp);
+
+  SignatureStream in(incoming, true);
+  SignatureStream out(target->signature(), true);
+  u2 parameter_count = 0;
+
+  assem.aload(parameter_count++); // load 'this'
+
+  while (!in.at_return_type()) {
+    assert(!out.at_return_type(), "Parameter counts do not match");
+    BasicType bt = in.type();
+    assert(out.type() == bt, "Parameter types are not compatible");
+    assem.load(bt, parameter_count);
+    if (in.is_object() && in.as_symbol(THREAD) != out.as_symbol(THREAD)) {
+      assem.checkcast(out.as_symbol(THREAD));
+    } else if (bt == T_LONG || bt == T_DOUBLE) {
+      ++parameter_count; // longs and doubles use two slots
+    }
+    ++parameter_count;
+    in.next();
+    out.next();
+  }
+  assert(out.at_return_type(), "Parameter counts do not match");
+  assert(in.type() == out.type(), "Return types are not compatible");
+
+  if (parameter_count == 1 && (in.type() == T_LONG || in.type() == T_DOUBLE)) {
+    ++parameter_count; // need room for return value
+  }
+  if (target->method_holder()->is_interface()) {
+    assem.invokespecial(target);
+  } else {
+    assem.invokevirtual(target);
+  }
+
+  if (in.is_object() && in.as_symbol(THREAD) != out.as_symbol(THREAD)) {
+    assem.checkcast(in.as_symbol(THREAD));
+  }
+  assem._return(in.type());
+  return parameter_count;
+}
+
+static int assemble_abstract_method_error(
+    BytecodeConstantPool* cp, BytecodeBuffer* buffer, Symbol* message, TRAPS) {
+
+  Symbol* errorName = vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError();
+  Symbol* init = vmSymbols::object_initializer_name();
+  Symbol* sig = vmSymbols::string_void_signature();
+
+  BytecodeAssembler assem(buffer, cp);
+
+  assem._new(errorName);
+  assem.dup();
+  assem.load_string(message);
+  assem.invokespecial(errorName, init, sig);
+  assem.athrow();
+
+  return 3; // max stack size: [ exception, exception, string ]
+}
+
+static Method* new_method(
+    BytecodeConstantPool* cp, BytecodeBuffer* bytecodes, Symbol* name,
+    Symbol* sig, AccessFlags flags, int max_stack, int params,
+    ConstMethod::MethodType mt, TRAPS) {
+
+  address code_start = static_cast<address>(bytecodes->adr_at(0));
+  int code_length = bytecodes->length();
+
+  Method* m = Method::allocate(cp->pool_holder()->class_loader_data(),
+      code_length, flags, 0, 0, 0, 0, mt, CHECK_NULL);
+
+  m->set_constants(NULL); // This will get filled in later
+  m->set_name_index(cp->utf8(name));
+  m->set_signature_index(cp->utf8(sig));
+  m->set_generic_signature_index(0);
+#ifdef CC_INTERP
+  ResultTypeFinder rtf(sig);
+  m->set_result_index(rtf.type());
+#endif
+  m->set_size_of_parameters(params);
+  m->set_max_stack(max_stack);
+  m->set_max_locals(params);
+  m->constMethod()->set_stackmap_data(NULL);
+  m->set_code(code_start);
+  m->set_force_inline(true);
+
+  return m;
+}
+
+static void switchover_constant_pool(BytecodeConstantPool* bpool,
+    InstanceKlass* klass, GrowableArray<Method*>* new_methods, TRAPS) {
+
+  if (new_methods->length() > 0) {
+    ConstantPool* cp = bpool->create_constant_pool(CHECK);
+    if (cp != klass->constants()) {
+      klass->class_loader_data()->add_to_deallocate_list(klass->constants());
+      klass->set_constants(cp);
+      cp->set_pool_holder(klass);
+
+      for (int i = 0; i < new_methods->length(); ++i) {
+        new_methods->at(i)->set_constants(cp);
+      }
+      for (int i = 0; i < klass->methods()->length(); ++i) {
+        Method* mo = klass->methods()->at(i);
+        mo->set_constants(cp);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+// A "bridge" is a method created by javac to bridge the gap between
+// an implementation and a generically-compatible, but different, signature.
+// Bridges have actual bytecode implementation in classfiles.
+// An "overpass", on the other hand, performs the same function as a bridge
+// but does not occur in a classfile; the VM creates overpass itself,
+// when it needs a path to get from a call site to an default method, and
+// a bridge doesn't exist.
+static void create_overpasses(
+    GrowableArray<EmptyVtableSlot*>* slots,
+    InstanceKlass* klass, TRAPS) {
+
+  GrowableArray<Method*> overpasses;
+  BytecodeConstantPool bpool(klass->constants());
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < slots->length(); ++i) {
+    EmptyVtableSlot* slot = slots->at(i);
+
+    if (slot->is_bound()) {
+      MethodFamily* method = slot->get_binding();
+      int max_stack = 0;
+      BytecodeBuffer buffer;
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+      if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+        tty->print("for slot: ");
+        slot->print_on(tty);
+        tty->print_cr("");
+        if (method->has_target()) {
+          method->print_selected(tty, 1);
+        } else {
+          method->print_exception(tty, 1);
+        }
+      }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+      if (method->has_target()) {
+        Method* selected = method->get_selected_target();
+        max_stack = assemble_redirect(
+            &bpool, &buffer, slot->signature(), selected, CHECK);
+      } else if (method->throws_exception()) {
+        max_stack = assemble_abstract_method_error(
+            &bpool, &buffer, method->get_exception_message(), CHECK);
+      }
+      AccessFlags flags = accessFlags_from(
+          JVM_ACC_PUBLIC | JVM_ACC_SYNTHETIC | JVM_ACC_BRIDGE);
+      Method* m = new_method(&bpool, &buffer, slot->name(), slot->signature(),
+          flags, max_stack, slot->size_of_parameters(),
+          ConstMethod::OVERPASS, CHECK);
+      if (m != NULL) {
+        overpasses.push(m);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  if (TraceDefaultMethods) {
+    tty->print_cr("Created %d overpass methods", overpasses.length());
+  }
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+  switchover_constant_pool(&bpool, klass, &overpasses, CHECK);
+  merge_in_new_methods(klass, &overpasses, CHECK);
+}
+
+static void sort_methods(GrowableArray<Method*>* methods) {
+  // Note that this must sort using the same key as is used for sorting
+  // methods in InstanceKlass.
+  bool sorted = true;
+  for (int i = methods->length() - 1; i > 0; --i) {
+    for (int j = 0; j < i; ++j) {
+      Method* m1 = methods->at(j);
+      Method* m2 = methods->at(j + 1);
+      if ((uintptr_t)m1->name() > (uintptr_t)m2->name()) {
+        methods->at_put(j, m2);
+        methods->at_put(j + 1, m1);
+        sorted = false;
+      }
+    }
+    if (sorted) break;
+    sorted = true;
+  }
+#ifdef ASSERT
+  uintptr_t prev = 0;
+  for (int i = 0; i < methods->length(); ++i) {
+    Method* mh = methods->at(i);
+    uintptr_t nv = (uintptr_t)mh->name();
+    assert(nv >= prev, "Incorrect overpass method ordering");
+    prev = nv;
+  }
+#endif
+}
+
+static void merge_in_new_methods(InstanceKlass* klass,
+    GrowableArray<Method*>* new_methods, TRAPS) {
+
+  enum { ANNOTATIONS, PARAMETERS, DEFAULTS, NUM_ARRAYS };
+
+  Array<AnnotationArray*>* original_annots[NUM_ARRAYS];
+
+  Array<Method*>* original_methods = klass->methods();
+  Annotations* annots = klass->annotations();
+  original_annots[ANNOTATIONS] = annots->methods_annotations();
+  original_annots[PARAMETERS]  = annots->methods_parameter_annotations();
+  original_annots[DEFAULTS]    = annots->methods_default_annotations();
+
+  Array<int>* original_ordering = klass->method_ordering();
+  Array<int>* merged_ordering = Universe::the_empty_int_array();
+
+  int new_size = klass->methods()->length() + new_methods->length();
+
+  Array<AnnotationArray*>* merged_annots[NUM_ARRAYS];
+
+  Array<Method*>* merged_methods = MetadataFactory::new_array<Method*>(
+      klass->class_loader_data(), new_size, NULL, CHECK);
+  for (int i = 0; i < NUM_ARRAYS; ++i) {
+    if (original_annots[i] != NULL) {
+      merged_annots[i] = MetadataFactory::new_array<AnnotationArray*>(
+          klass->class_loader_data(), new_size, CHECK);
+    } else {
+      merged_annots[i] = NULL;
+    }
+  }
+  if (original_ordering != NULL && original_ordering->length() > 0) {
+    merged_ordering = MetadataFactory::new_array<int>(
+        klass->class_loader_data(), new_size, CHECK);
+  }
+  int method_order_index = klass->methods()->length();
+
+  sort_methods(new_methods);
+
+  // Perform grand merge of existing methods and new methods
+  int orig_idx = 0;
+  int new_idx = 0;
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < new_size; ++i) {
+    Method* orig_method = NULL;
+    Method* new_method = NULL;
+    if (orig_idx < original_methods->length()) {
+      orig_method = original_methods->at(orig_idx);
+    }
+    if (new_idx < new_methods->length()) {
+      new_method = new_methods->at(new_idx);
+    }
+
+    if (orig_method != NULL &&
+        (new_method == NULL || orig_method->name() < new_method->name())) {
+      merged_methods->at_put(i, orig_method);
+      original_methods->at_put(orig_idx, NULL);
+      for (int j = 0; j < NUM_ARRAYS; ++j) {
+        if (merged_annots[j] != NULL) {
+          merged_annots[j]->at_put(i, original_annots[j]->at(orig_idx));
+          original_annots[j]->at_put(orig_idx, NULL);
+        }
+      }
+      if (merged_ordering->length() > 0) {
+        merged_ordering->at_put(i, original_ordering->at(orig_idx));
+      }
+      ++orig_idx;
+    } else {
+      merged_methods->at_put(i, new_method);
+      if (merged_ordering->length() > 0) {
+        merged_ordering->at_put(i, method_order_index++);
+      }
+      ++new_idx;
+    }
+    // update idnum for new location
+    merged_methods->at(i)->set_method_idnum(i);
+  }
+
+  // Verify correct order
+#ifdef ASSERT
+  uintptr_t prev = 0;
+  for (int i = 0; i < merged_methods->length(); ++i) {
+    Method* mo = merged_methods->at(i);
+    uintptr_t nv = (uintptr_t)mo->name();
+    assert(nv >= prev, "Incorrect method ordering");
+    prev = nv;
+  }
+#endif
+
+  // Replace klass methods with new merged lists
+  klass->set_methods(merged_methods);
+  annots->set_methods_annotations(merged_annots[ANNOTATIONS]);
+  annots->set_methods_parameter_annotations(merged_annots[PARAMETERS]);
+  annots->set_methods_default_annotations(merged_annots[DEFAULTS]);
+
+  ClassLoaderData* cld = klass->class_loader_data();
+  MetadataFactory::free_array(cld, original_methods);
+  for (int i = 0; i < NUM_ARRAYS; ++i) {
+    MetadataFactory::free_array(cld, original_annots[i]);
+  }
+  if (original_ordering->length() > 0) {
+    klass->set_method_ordering(merged_ordering);
+    MetadataFactory::free_array(cld, original_ordering);
+  }
+}
+
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/defaultMethods.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_DEFAULTMETHODS_HPP
+#define SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_DEFAULTMETHODS_HPP
+
+#include "runtime/handles.hpp"
+#include "utilities/growableArray.hpp"
+#include "utilities/exceptions.hpp"
+
+class InstanceKlass;
+class Symbol;
+class Method;
+
+class DefaultMethods : AllStatic {
+ public:
+
+  // Analyzes class and determines which default methods are inherited
+  // from interfaces (and has no other implementation).  For each method
+  // (and each different signature the method could have), create an
+  // "overpass" method that is an instance method that redirects to the
+  // default method.  Overpass methods are added to the methods lists for
+  // the class.
+  static void generate_default_methods(
+      InstanceKlass* klass, GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas, TRAPS);
+
+
+  // Called during linking when an invokespecial to an direct interface
+  // method is found.  Selects and returns a method if there is a unique
+  // default method in the 'super_iface' part of the hierarchy which is
+  // also a candidate default for 'this_klass'.  Otherwise throws an AME.
+  static Method* find_super_default(
+      Klass* this_klass, Klass* super_iface,
+      Symbol* method_name, Symbol* method_sig, TRAPS);
+};
+
+#endif // SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_DEFAULTMETHODS_HPP
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/genericSignatures.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,1272 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "precompiled.hpp"
+
+#include "classfile/genericSignatures.hpp"
+#include "classfile/symbolTable.hpp"
+#include "classfile/systemDictionary.hpp"
+#include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
+
+namespace generic {
+
+// Helper class for parsing the generic signature Symbol in klass and methods
+class DescriptorStream : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  Symbol* _symbol;
+  int _offset;
+  int _mark;
+  const char* _parse_error;
+
+  void set_parse_error(const char* error) {
+    assert(error != NULL, "Can't set NULL error string");
+    _parse_error = error;
+  }
+
+ public:
+  DescriptorStream(Symbol* sym)
+      : _symbol(sym), _offset(0), _mark(-1), _parse_error(NULL) {}
+
+  const char* parse_error() const {
+    return _parse_error;
+  }
+
+  bool at_end() { return _offset >= _symbol->utf8_length(); }
+
+  char peek() {
+    if (at_end()) {
+      set_parse_error("Peeking past end of signature");
+      return '\0';
+    } else {
+      return _symbol->byte_at(_offset);
+    }
+  }
+
+  char read() {
+    if (at_end()) {
+      set_parse_error("Reading past end of signature");
+      return '\0';
+    } else {
+      return _symbol->byte_at(_offset++);
+    }
+  }
+
+  void read(char expected) {
+    char c = read();
+    assert_char(c, expected, 0);
+  }
+
+  void assert_char(char c, char expected, int pos = -1) {
+    if (c != expected) {
+      const char* fmt = "Parse error at %d: expected %c but got %c";
+      size_t len = strlen(fmt) + 5;
+      char* buffer = NEW_RESOURCE_ARRAY(char, len);
+      jio_snprintf(buffer, len, fmt, _offset + pos, expected, c);
+      set_parse_error(buffer);
+    }
+  }
+
+  void push(char c) {
+    assert(c == _symbol->byte_at(_offset - 1), "Pushing back wrong value");
+    --_offset;
+  }
+
+  void expect_end() {
+    if (!at_end()) {
+      set_parse_error("Unexpected data trailing signature");
+    }
+  }
+
+  bool has_mark() { return _mark != -1; }
+
+  void set_mark() {
+    _mark = _offset;
+  }
+
+  Identifier* identifier_from_mark() {
+    assert(has_mark(), "Mark should be set");
+    if (!has_mark()) {
+      set_parse_error("Expected mark to be set");
+      return NULL;
+    } else {
+      Identifier* id = new Identifier(_symbol, _mark, _offset - 1);
+      _mark = -1;
+      return id;
+    }
+  }
+};
+
+
+#define CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()         \
+  if (STREAM->parse_error() != NULL) {   \
+    if (VerifyGenericSignatures) {      \
+      fatal(STREAM->parse_error());      \
+    }                                   \
+    return NULL;                        \
+  } 0
+
+#define READ() STREAM->read(); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()
+#define PEEK() STREAM->peek(); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()
+#define PUSH(c) STREAM->push(c)
+#define EXPECT(c) STREAM->read(c); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()
+#define EXPECTED(c, ch) STREAM->assert_char(c, ch); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()
+#define EXPECT_END() STREAM->expect_end(); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR()
+
+#define CHECK_STREAM STREAM); CHECK_FOR_PARSE_ERROR(); (0
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void Identifier::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  for (int i = _begin; i < _end; ++i) {
+    str->print("%c", (char)_sym->byte_at(i));
+  }
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+bool Identifier::equals(Identifier* other) {
+  if (_sym == other->_sym && _begin == other->_begin && _end == other->_end) {
+    return true;
+  } else if (_end - _begin != other->_end - other->_begin) {
+    return false;
+  } else {
+    size_t len = _end - _begin;
+    char* addr = ((char*)_sym->bytes()) + _begin;
+    char* oaddr = ((char*)other->_sym->bytes()) + other->_begin;
+    return strncmp(addr, oaddr, len) == 0;
+  }
+}
+
+bool Identifier::equals(Symbol* sym) {
+  Identifier id(sym, 0, sym->utf8_length());
+  return equals(&id);
+}
+
+/**
+ * A formal type parameter may be found in the the enclosing class, but it could
+ * also come from an enclosing method or outer class, in the case of inner-outer
+ * classes or anonymous classes.  For example:
+ *
+ * class Outer<T,V> {
+ *   class Inner<W> {
+ *     void m(T t, V v, W w);
+ *   }
+ * }
+ *
+ * In this case, the type variables in m()'s signature are not all found in the
+ * immediate enclosing class (Inner).  class Inner has only type parameter W,
+ * but it's outer_class field will reference Outer's descriptor which contains
+ * T & V (no outer_method in this case).
+ *
+ * If you have an anonymous class, it has both an enclosing method *and* an
+ * enclosing class where type parameters can be declared:
+ *
+ * class MOuter<T> {
+ *   <V> void bar(V v) {
+ *     Runnable r = new Runnable() {
+ *       public void run() {}
+ *       public void foo(T t, V v) { ... }
+ *     };
+ *   }
+ * }
+ *
+ * In this case, foo will be a member of some class, Runnable$1, which has no
+ * formal parameters itself, but has an outer_method (bar()) which provides
+ * type parameter V, and an outer class MOuter with type parameter T.
+ *
+ * It is also possible that the outer class is itself an inner class to some
+ * other class (or an anonymous class with an enclosing method), so we need to
+ * follow the outer_class/outer_method chain to it's end when looking for a
+ * type parameter.
+ */
+TypeParameter* Descriptor::find_type_parameter(Identifier* id, int* depth) {
+
+  int current_depth = 0;
+
+  MethodDescriptor* outer_method = as_method_signature();
+  ClassDescriptor* outer_class = as_class_signature();
+
+  if (outer_class == NULL) { // 'this' is a method signature; use the holder
+    outer_class = outer_method->outer_class();
+  }
+
+  while (outer_method != NULL || outer_class != NULL) {
+    if (outer_method != NULL) {
+      for (int i = 0; i < outer_method->type_parameters().length(); ++i) {
+        TypeParameter* p = outer_method->type_parameters().at(i);
+        if (p->identifier()->equals(id)) {
+          *depth = -1; // indicates this this is a method parameter
+          return p;
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    if (outer_class != NULL) {
+      for (int i = 0; i < outer_class->type_parameters().length(); ++i) {
+        TypeParameter* p = outer_class->type_parameters().at(i);
+        if (p->identifier()->equals(id)) {
+          *depth = current_depth;
+          return p;
+        }
+      }
+      outer_method = outer_class->outer_method();
+      outer_class = outer_class->outer_class();
+      ++current_depth;
+    }
+  }
+
+  if (VerifyGenericSignatures) {
+    fatal("Could not resolve identifier");
+  }
+
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+ClassDescriptor* ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(Klass* klass, TRAPS) {
+  return parse_generic_signature(klass, NULL, CHECK_NULL);
+}
+
+ClassDescriptor* ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(
+      Klass* klass, Symbol* original_name, TRAPS) {
+
+  InstanceKlass* ik = InstanceKlass::cast(klass);
+  Symbol* sym = ik->generic_signature();
+
+  ClassDescriptor* spec;
+
+  if (sym == NULL || (spec = ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(sym)) == NULL) {
+    spec = ClassDescriptor::placeholder(ik);
+  }
+
+  u2 outer_index = get_outer_class_index(ik, CHECK_NULL);
+  if (outer_index != 0) {
+    if (original_name == NULL) {
+      original_name = ik->name();
+    }
+    Handle class_loader = Handle(THREAD, ik->class_loader());
+    Handle protection_domain = Handle(THREAD, ik->protection_domain());
+
+    Symbol* outer_name = ik->constants()->klass_name_at(outer_index);
+    Klass* outer = SystemDictionary::find(
+        outer_name, class_loader, protection_domain, CHECK_NULL);
+    if (outer == NULL && !THREAD->is_Compiler_thread()) {
+      outer = SystemDictionary::resolve_super_or_fail(original_name,
+          outer_name, class_loader, protection_domain, false, CHECK_NULL);
+    }
+
+    InstanceKlass* outer_ik;
+    ClassDescriptor* outer_spec = NULL;
+    if (outer == NULL) {
+      outer_spec = ClassDescriptor::placeholder(ik);
+      assert(false, "Outer class not loaded and not loadable from here");
+    } else {
+      outer_ik = InstanceKlass::cast(outer);
+      outer_spec = parse_generic_signature(outer, original_name, CHECK_NULL);
+    }
+    spec->set_outer_class(outer_spec);
+
+    u2 encl_method_idx = ik->enclosing_method_method_index();
+    if (encl_method_idx != 0 && outer_ik != NULL) {
+      ConstantPool* cp = ik->constants();
+      u2 name_index = cp->name_ref_index_at(encl_method_idx);
+      u2 sig_index = cp->signature_ref_index_at(encl_method_idx);
+      Symbol* name = cp->symbol_at(name_index);
+      Symbol* sig = cp->symbol_at(sig_index);
+      Method* m = outer_ik->find_method(name, sig);
+      if (m != NULL) {
+        Symbol* gsig = m->generic_signature();
+        if (gsig != NULL) {
+          MethodDescriptor* gms = MethodDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(gsig, outer_spec);
+          spec->set_outer_method(gms);
+        }
+      } else if (VerifyGenericSignatures) {
+        ResourceMark rm;
+        stringStream ss;
+        ss.print("Could not find method %s %s in class %s",
+          name->as_C_string(), sig->as_C_string(), outer_name->as_C_string());
+        fatal(ss.as_string());
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  spec->bind_variables_to_parameters();
+  return spec;
+}
+
+ClassDescriptor* ClassDescriptor::placeholder(InstanceKlass* klass) {
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> formals;
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> interfaces;
+  ClassType* super_type = NULL;
+
+  Klass* super_klass = klass->super();
+  if (super_klass != NULL) {
+    InstanceKlass* super = InstanceKlass::cast(super_klass);
+    super_type = ClassType::from_symbol(super->name());
+  }
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < klass->local_interfaces()->length(); ++i) {
+    InstanceKlass* iface = InstanceKlass::cast(klass->local_interfaces()->at(i));
+    interfaces.append(ClassType::from_symbol(iface->name()));
+  }
+  return new ClassDescriptor(formals, super_type, interfaces);
+}
+
+ClassDescriptor* ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(Symbol* sym) {
+
+  DescriptorStream ds(sym);
+  DescriptorStream* STREAM = &ds;
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> parameters(8);
+  char c = READ();
+  if (c == '<') {
+    c = READ();
+    while (c != '>') {
+      PUSH(c);
+      TypeParameter* ftp = TypeParameter::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      parameters.append(ftp);
+      c = READ();
+    }
+  } else {
+    PUSH(c);
+  }
+
+  EXPECT('L');
+  ClassType* super = ClassType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> signatures(2);
+  while (!STREAM->at_end()) {
+    EXPECT('L');
+    ClassType* iface = ClassType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    signatures.append(iface);
+  }
+
+  EXPECT_END();
+
+  return new ClassDescriptor(parameters, super, signatures);
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void ClassDescriptor::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("ClassDescriptor {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    if (_type_parameters.length() > 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Formals {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+          _type_parameters.at(i)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    if (_super != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Superclass: ");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        _super->print_on(str);
+      }
+    }
+    if (_interfaces.length() > 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("SuperInterfaces: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int i = 0; i < _interfaces.length(); ++i) {
+          _interfaces.at(i)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    if (_outer_method != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Outer Method: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        _outer_method->print_on(str);
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    if (_outer_class != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Outer Class: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        _outer_class->print_on(str);
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+ClassType* ClassDescriptor::interface_desc(Symbol* sym) {
+  for (int i = 0; i < _interfaces.length(); ++i) {
+    if (_interfaces.at(i)->identifier()->equals(sym)) {
+      return _interfaces.at(i);
+    }
+  }
+  if (VerifyGenericSignatures) {
+    fatal("Did not find expected interface");
+  }
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+void ClassDescriptor::bind_variables_to_parameters() {
+  if (_outer_class != NULL) {
+    _outer_class->bind_variables_to_parameters();
+  }
+  if (_outer_method != NULL) {
+    _outer_method->bind_variables_to_parameters();
+  }
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    _type_parameters.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(this, i);
+  }
+  if (_super != NULL) {
+    _super->bind_variables_to_parameters(this);
+  }
+  for (int i = 0; i < _interfaces.length(); ++i) {
+    _interfaces.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(this);
+  }
+}
+
+ClassDescriptor* ClassDescriptor::canonicalize(Context* ctx) {
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> type_params(_type_parameters.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    type_params.append(_type_parameters.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, 0));
+  }
+
+  ClassDescriptor* outer = _outer_class == NULL ? NULL :
+      _outer_class->canonicalize(ctx);
+
+  ClassType* super = _super == NULL ? NULL : _super->canonicalize(ctx, 0);
+
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> interfaces(_interfaces.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _interfaces.length(); ++i) {
+    interfaces.append(_interfaces.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, 0));
+  }
+
+  MethodDescriptor* md = _outer_method == NULL ? NULL :
+      _outer_method->canonicalize(ctx);
+
+  return new ClassDescriptor(type_params, super, interfaces, outer, md);
+}
+
+u2 ClassDescriptor::get_outer_class_index(InstanceKlass* klass, TRAPS) {
+  int inner_index = InstanceKlass::inner_class_inner_class_info_offset;
+  int outer_index = InstanceKlass::inner_class_outer_class_info_offset;
+  int name_offset = InstanceKlass::inner_class_inner_name_offset;
+  int next_offset = InstanceKlass::inner_class_next_offset;
+
+  if (klass->inner_classes() == NULL || klass->inner_classes()->length() == 0) {
+    // No inner class info => no declaring class
+    return 0;
+  }
+
+  Array<u2>* i_icls = klass->inner_classes();
+  ConstantPool* i_cp = klass->constants();
+  int i_length = i_icls->length();
+
+  // Find inner_klass attribute
+  for (int i = 0; i + next_offset < i_length; i += next_offset) {
+    u2 ioff = i_icls->at(i + inner_index);
+    u2 ooff = i_icls->at(i + outer_index);
+    u2 noff = i_icls->at(i + name_offset);
+    if (ioff != 0) {
+      // Check to see if the name matches the class we're looking for
+      // before attempting to find the class.
+      if (i_cp->klass_name_at_matches(klass, ioff) && ooff != 0) {
+        return ooff;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  // It may be anonymous; try for that.
+  u2 encl_method_class_idx = klass->enclosing_method_class_index();
+  if (encl_method_class_idx != 0) {
+    return encl_method_class_idx;
+  }
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+MethodDescriptor* MethodDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(Method* m, ClassDescriptor* outer) {
+  Symbol* generic_sig = m->generic_signature();
+  MethodDescriptor* md = NULL;
+  if (generic_sig == NULL || (md = parse_generic_signature(generic_sig, outer)) == NULL) {
+    md = parse_generic_signature(m->signature(), outer);
+  }
+  assert(md != NULL, "Could not parse method signature");
+  md->bind_variables_to_parameters();
+  return md;
+}
+
+MethodDescriptor* MethodDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(Symbol* sym, ClassDescriptor* outer) {
+
+  DescriptorStream ds(sym);
+  DescriptorStream* STREAM = &ds;
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> params(8);
+  char c = READ();
+  if (c == '<') {
+    c = READ();
+    while (c != '>') {
+      PUSH(c);
+      TypeParameter* ftp = TypeParameter::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      params.append(ftp);
+      c = READ();
+    }
+  } else {
+    PUSH(c);
+  }
+
+  EXPECT('(');
+
+  GrowableArray<Type*> parameters(8);
+  c = READ();
+  while (c != ')') {
+    PUSH(c);
+    Type* arg = Type::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    parameters.append(arg);
+    c = READ();
+  }
+
+  Type* rt = Type::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+
+  GrowableArray<Type*> throws;
+  while (!STREAM->at_end()) {
+    EXPECT('^');
+    Type* spec = Type::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    throws.append(spec);
+  }
+
+  return new MethodDescriptor(params, outer, parameters, rt, throws);
+}
+
+void MethodDescriptor::bind_variables_to_parameters() {
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    _type_parameters.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(this, i);
+  }
+  for (int i = 0; i < _parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    _parameters.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(this);
+  }
+  _return_type->bind_variables_to_parameters(this);
+  for (int i = 0; i < _throws.length(); ++i) {
+    _throws.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(this);
+  }
+}
+
+bool MethodDescriptor::covariant_match(MethodDescriptor* other, Context* ctx) {
+
+  if (_parameters.length() == other->_parameters.length()) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < _parameters.length(); ++i) {
+      if (!_parameters.at(i)->covariant_match(other->_parameters.at(i), ctx)) {
+        return false;
+      }
+    }
+
+    if (_return_type->as_primitive() != NULL) {
+      return _return_type->covariant_match(other->_return_type, ctx);
+    } else {
+      // return type is a reference
+      return other->_return_type->as_class() != NULL ||
+             other->_return_type->as_variable() != NULL ||
+             other->_return_type->as_array() != NULL;
+    }
+  } else {
+    return false;
+  }
+}
+
+MethodDescriptor* MethodDescriptor::canonicalize(Context* ctx) {
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> type_params(_type_parameters.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    type_params.append(_type_parameters.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, 0));
+  }
+
+  ClassDescriptor* outer = _outer_class == NULL ? NULL :
+      _outer_class->canonicalize(ctx);
+
+  GrowableArray<Type*> params(_parameters.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    params.append(_parameters.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, 0));
+  }
+
+  Type* rt = _return_type->canonicalize(ctx, 0);
+
+  GrowableArray<Type*> throws(_throws.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _throws.length(); ++i) {
+    throws.append(_throws.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, 0));
+  }
+
+  return new MethodDescriptor(type_params, outer, params, rt, throws);
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+TempNewSymbol MethodDescriptor::reify_signature(Context* ctx, TRAPS) {
+  stringStream ss(256);
+
+  ss.print("(");
+  for (int i = 0; i < _parameters.length(); ++i) {
+    _parameters.at(i)->reify_signature(&ss, ctx);
+  }
+  ss.print(")");
+  _return_type->reify_signature(&ss, ctx);
+  return SymbolTable::new_symbol(ss.base(), (int)ss.size(), THREAD);
+}
+
+void MethodDescriptor::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("MethodDescriptor {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    if (_type_parameters.length() > 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Formals: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int i = 0; i < _type_parameters.length(); ++i) {
+          _type_parameters.at(i)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    str->indent().print_cr("Parameters: {");
+    {
+      streamIndentor si(str);
+      for (int i = 0; i < _parameters.length(); ++i) {
+        _parameters.at(i)->print_on(str);
+      }
+    }
+    str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    str->indent().print_cr("Return Type: ");
+    {
+      streamIndentor si(str);
+      _return_type->print_on(str);
+    }
+
+    if (_throws.length() > 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Throws: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int i = 0; i < _throws.length(); ++i) {
+          _throws.at(i)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+TypeParameter* TypeParameter::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  STREAM->set_mark();
+  char c = READ();
+  while (c != ':') {
+    c = READ();
+  }
+
+  Identifier* id = STREAM->identifier_from_mark();
+
+  ClassType* class_bound = NULL;
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> interface_bounds(8);
+
+  c = READ();
+  if (c != '>') {
+    if (c != ':') {
+      EXPECTED(c, 'L');
+      class_bound = ClassType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      c = READ();
+    }
+
+    while (c == ':') {
+      EXPECT('L');
+      ClassType* fts = ClassType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      interface_bounds.append(fts);
+      c = READ();
+    }
+  }
+  PUSH(c);
+
+  return new TypeParameter(id, class_bound, interface_bounds);
+}
+
+void TypeParameter::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig, int position) {
+  if (_class_bound != NULL) {
+    _class_bound->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  }
+  for (int i = 0; i < _interface_bounds.length(); ++i) {
+    _interface_bounds.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  }
+  _position = position;
+}
+
+Type* TypeParameter::resolve(
+    Context* ctx, int inner_depth, int ctx_depth) {
+
+  if (inner_depth == -1) {
+    // This indicates that the parameter is a method type parameter, which
+    // isn't resolveable using the class hierarchy context
+    return bound();
+  }
+
+  ClassType* provider = ctx->at_depth(ctx_depth);
+  if (provider != NULL) {
+    for (int i = 0; i < inner_depth && provider != NULL; ++i) {
+      provider = provider->outer_class();
+    }
+    if (provider != NULL) {
+      TypeArgument* arg = provider->type_argument_at(_position);
+      if (arg != NULL) {
+        Type* value = arg->lower_bound();
+        return value->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth + 1);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  return bound();
+}
+
+TypeParameter* TypeParameter::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+  ClassType* bound = _class_bound == NULL ? NULL :
+     _class_bound->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth);
+
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> ifaces(_interface_bounds.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _interface_bounds.length(); ++i) {
+    ifaces.append(_interface_bounds.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth));
+  }
+
+  TypeParameter* ret = new TypeParameter(_identifier, bound, ifaces);
+  ret->_position = _position;
+  return ret;
+}
+
+ClassType* TypeParameter::bound() {
+  if (_class_bound != NULL) {
+    return _class_bound;
+  }
+
+  if (_interface_bounds.length() == 1) {
+    return _interface_bounds.at(0);
+  }
+
+  return ClassType::java_lang_Object(); // TODO: investigate this case
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void TypeParameter::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Formal: {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+
+    str->indent().print("Identifier: ");
+    _identifier->print_on(str);
+    str->print_cr("");
+    if (_class_bound != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Class Bound: ");
+      streamIndentor si(str);
+      _class_bound->print_on(str);
+    }
+    if (_interface_bounds.length() > 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Interface Bounds: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int i = 0; i < _interface_bounds.length(); ++i) {
+          _interface_bounds.at(i)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    str->indent().print_cr("Ordinal Position: %d", _position);
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+Type* Type::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  char c = READ();
+  switch (c) {
+    case 'L':
+      return ClassType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    case 'T':
+      return TypeVariable::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    case '[':
+      return ArrayType::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+    default:
+      return new PrimitiveType(c);
+  }
+}
+
+Identifier* ClassType::parse_generic_signature_simple(GrowableArray<TypeArgument*>* args,
+    bool* has_inner, DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  STREAM->set_mark();
+
+  char c = READ();
+  while (c != ';' && c != '.' && c != '<') { c = READ(); }
+  Identifier* id = STREAM->identifier_from_mark();
+
+  if (c == '<') {
+    c = READ();
+    while (c != '>') {
+      PUSH(c);
+      TypeArgument* arg = TypeArgument::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      args->append(arg);
+      c = READ();
+    }
+    c = READ();
+  }
+
+  *has_inner = (c == '.');
+  if (!(*has_inner)) {
+    EXPECTED(c, ';');
+  }
+
+  return id;
+}
+
+ClassType* ClassType::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  return parse_generic_signature(NULL, CHECK_STREAM);
+}
+
+ClassType* ClassType::parse_generic_signature(ClassType* outer, DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  GrowableArray<TypeArgument*> args;
+  ClassType* gct = NULL;
+  bool has_inner = false;
+
+  Identifier* id = parse_generic_signature_simple(&args, &has_inner, STREAM);
+  if (id != NULL) {
+    gct = new ClassType(id, args, outer);
+
+    if (has_inner) {
+      gct = parse_generic_signature(gct, CHECK_STREAM);
+    }
+  }
+  return gct;
+}
+
+ClassType* ClassType::from_symbol(Symbol* sym) {
+  assert(sym != NULL, "Must not be null");
+  GrowableArray<TypeArgument*> args;
+  Identifier* id = new Identifier(sym, 0, sym->utf8_length());
+  return new ClassType(id, args, NULL);
+}
+
+ClassType* ClassType::java_lang_Object() {
+  return from_symbol(vmSymbols::java_lang_Object());
+}
+
+void ClassType::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) {
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_arguments.length(); ++i) {
+    _type_arguments.at(i)->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  }
+  if (_outer_class != NULL) {
+    _outer_class->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  }
+}
+
+TypeArgument* ClassType::type_argument_at(int i) {
+  if (i >= 0 && i < _type_arguments.length()) {
+    return _type_arguments.at(i);
+  } else {
+    return NULL;
+  }
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void ClassType::reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx) {
+  ss->print("L");
+  _identifier->print_on(ss);
+  ss->print(";");
+}
+
+void ClassType::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Class {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    str->indent().print("Name: ");
+    _identifier->print_on(str);
+    str->print_cr("");
+    if (_type_arguments.length() != 0) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Type Arguments: {");
+      {
+        streamIndentor si(str);
+        for (int j = 0; j < _type_arguments.length(); ++j) {
+          _type_arguments.at(j)->print_on(str);
+        }
+      }
+      str->indent().print_cr("}");
+    }
+    if (_outer_class != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print_cr("Outer Class: ");
+      streamIndentor sir(str);
+      _outer_class->print_on(str);
+    }
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+bool ClassType::covariant_match(Type* other, Context* ctx) {
+
+  if (other == this) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  TypeVariable* variable = other->as_variable();
+  if (variable != NULL) {
+    other = variable->resolve(ctx, 0);
+  }
+
+  ClassType* outer = outer_class();
+  ClassType* other_class = other->as_class();
+
+  if (other_class == NULL ||
+      (outer == NULL) != (other_class->outer_class() == NULL)) {
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  if (!_identifier->equals(other_class->_identifier)) {
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  if (outer != NULL && !outer->covariant_match(other_class->outer_class(), ctx)) {
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  return true;
+}
+
+ClassType* ClassType::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeArgument*> args(_type_arguments.length());
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_arguments.length(); ++i) {
+    args.append(_type_arguments.at(i)->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth));
+  }
+
+  ClassType* outer = _outer_class == NULL ? NULL :
+      _outer_class->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth);
+
+  return new ClassType(_identifier, args, outer);
+}
+
+TypeVariable* TypeVariable::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  STREAM->set_mark();
+  char c = READ();
+  while (c != ';') {
+    c = READ();
+  }
+  Identifier* id = STREAM->identifier_from_mark();
+
+  return new TypeVariable(id);
+}
+
+void TypeVariable::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) {
+  _parameter = sig->find_type_parameter(_id, &_inner_depth);
+  if (VerifyGenericSignatures && _parameter == NULL) {
+    fatal("Could not find formal parameter");
+  }
+}
+
+Type* TypeVariable::resolve(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+  if (parameter() != NULL) {
+    return parameter()->resolve(ctx, inner_depth(), ctx_depth);
+  } else {
+    if (VerifyGenericSignatures) {
+      fatal("Type variable matches no parameter");
+    }
+    return NULL;
+  }
+}
+
+bool TypeVariable::covariant_match(Type* other, Context* ctx) {
+
+  if (other == this) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  Context my_context(NULL); // empty, results in erasure
+  Type* my_type = resolve(&my_context, 0);
+  if (my_type == NULL) {
+    return false;
+  }
+
+  return my_type->covariant_match(other, ctx);
+}
+
+Type* TypeVariable::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+  return resolve(ctx, ctx_depth);
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void TypeVariable::reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx) {
+  Type* type = resolve(ctx, 0);
+  if (type != NULL) {
+    type->reify_signature(ss, ctx);
+  }
+}
+
+void TypeVariable::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Type Variable {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    str->indent().print("Name: ");
+    _id->print_on(str);
+    str->print_cr("");
+    str->indent().print_cr("Inner depth: %d", _inner_depth);
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+ArrayType* ArrayType::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  Type* base = Type::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+  return new ArrayType(base);
+}
+
+void ArrayType::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) {
+  assert(_base != NULL, "Invalid base");
+  _base->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+}
+
+bool ArrayType::covariant_match(Type* other, Context* ctx) {
+  assert(_base != NULL, "Invalid base");
+
+  if (other == this) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  ArrayType* other_array = other->as_array();
+  return (other_array != NULL && _base->covariant_match(other_array->_base, ctx));
+}
+
+ArrayType* ArrayType::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+  assert(_base != NULL, "Invalid base");
+  return new ArrayType(_base->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth));
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void ArrayType::reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx) {
+  assert(_base != NULL, "Invalid base");
+  ss->print("[");
+  _base->reify_signature(ss, ctx);
+}
+
+void ArrayType::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Array {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    _base->print_on(str);
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+bool PrimitiveType::covariant_match(Type* other, Context* ctx) {
+
+  PrimitiveType* other_prim = other->as_primitive();
+  return (other_prim != NULL && _type == other_prim->_type);
+}
+
+PrimitiveType* PrimitiveType::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctxd) {
+  return this;
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void PrimitiveType::reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx) {
+  ss->print("%c", _type);
+}
+
+void PrimitiveType::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Primitive: '%c'", _type);
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+void PrimitiveType::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) {
+}
+
+TypeArgument* TypeArgument::parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* STREAM) {
+  char c = READ();
+  Type* type = NULL;
+
+  switch (c) {
+    case '*':
+      return new TypeArgument(ClassType::java_lang_Object(), NULL);
+      break;
+    default:
+      PUSH(c);
+      // fall-through
+    case '+':
+    case '-':
+      type = Type::parse_generic_signature(CHECK_STREAM);
+      if (c == '+') {
+        return new TypeArgument(type, NULL);
+      } else if (c == '-') {
+        return new TypeArgument(ClassType::java_lang_Object(), type);
+      } else {
+        return new TypeArgument(type, type);
+      }
+  }
+}
+
+void TypeArgument::bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) {
+  assert(_lower_bound != NULL, "Invalid lower bound");
+  _lower_bound->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  if (_upper_bound != NULL && _upper_bound != _lower_bound) {
+    _upper_bound->bind_variables_to_parameters(sig);
+  }
+}
+
+bool TypeArgument::covariant_match(TypeArgument* other, Context* ctx) {
+  assert(_lower_bound != NULL, "Invalid lower bound");
+
+  if (other == this) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  if (!_lower_bound->covariant_match(other->lower_bound(), ctx)) {
+    return false;
+  }
+  return true;
+}
+
+TypeArgument* TypeArgument::canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) {
+  assert(_lower_bound != NULL, "Invalid lower bound");
+  Type* lower = _lower_bound->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth);
+  Type* upper = NULL;
+
+  if (_upper_bound == _lower_bound) {
+    upper = lower;
+  } else if (_upper_bound != NULL) {
+    upper = _upper_bound->canonicalize(ctx, ctx_depth);
+  }
+
+  return new TypeArgument(lower, upper);
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void TypeArgument::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("TypeArgument {");
+  {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    if (_lower_bound != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print("Lower bound: ");
+      _lower_bound->print_on(str);
+    }
+    if (_upper_bound != NULL) {
+      str->indent().print("Upper bound: ");
+      _upper_bound->print_on(str);
+    }
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+void Context::Mark::destroy() {
+  if (is_active()) {
+    _context->reset_to_mark(_marked_size);
+  }
+  deactivate();
+}
+
+void Context::apply_type_arguments(
+    InstanceKlass* current, InstanceKlass* super, TRAPS) {
+  assert(_cache != NULL, "Cannot use an empty context");
+  ClassType* spec = NULL;
+  if (current != NULL) {
+    ClassDescriptor* descriptor = _cache->descriptor_for(current, CHECK);
+    if (super == current->super()) {
+      spec = descriptor->super();
+    } else {
+      spec = descriptor->interface_desc(super->name());
+    }
+    if (spec != NULL) {
+      _type_arguments.push(spec);
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+void Context::reset_to_mark(int size) {
+  _type_arguments.trunc_to(size);
+}
+
+ClassType* Context::at_depth(int i) const {
+  if (i < _type_arguments.length()) {
+    return _type_arguments.at(_type_arguments.length() - 1 - i);
+  }
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+void Context::print_on(outputStream* str) const {
+  str->indent().print_cr("Context {");
+  for (int i = 0; i < _type_arguments.length(); ++i) {
+    streamIndentor si(str);
+    str->indent().print("leval %d: ", i);
+    ClassType* ct = at_depth(i);
+    if (ct == NULL) {
+      str->print_cr("<empty>");
+      continue;
+    } else {
+      str->print_cr("{");
+    }
+
+    for (int j = 0; j < ct->type_arguments_length(); ++j) {
+      streamIndentor si(str);
+      TypeArgument* ta = ct->type_argument_at(j);
+      Type* bound = ta->lower_bound();
+      bound->print_on(str);
+    }
+    str->indent().print_cr("}");
+  }
+  str->indent().print_cr("}");
+}
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+
+ClassDescriptor* DescriptorCache::descriptor_for(InstanceKlass* ik, TRAPS) {
+
+  ClassDescriptor** existing = _class_descriptors.get(ik);
+  if (existing == NULL) {
+    ClassDescriptor* cd = ClassDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(ik, CHECK_NULL);
+    _class_descriptors.put(ik, cd);
+    return cd;
+  } else {
+    return *existing;
+  }
+}
+
+MethodDescriptor* DescriptorCache::descriptor_for(
+    Method* mh, ClassDescriptor* cd, TRAPS) {
+  assert(mh != NULL && cd != NULL, "Should not be NULL");
+  MethodDescriptor** existing = _method_descriptors.get(mh);
+  if (existing == NULL) {
+    MethodDescriptor* md = MethodDescriptor::parse_generic_signature(mh, cd);
+    _method_descriptors.put(mh, md);
+    return md;
+  } else {
+    return *existing;
+  }
+}
+MethodDescriptor* DescriptorCache::descriptor_for(Method* mh, TRAPS) {
+  ClassDescriptor* cd = descriptor_for(
+      InstanceKlass::cast(mh->method_holder()), CHECK_NULL);
+  return descriptor_for(mh, cd, THREAD);
+}
+
+} // namespace generic
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/genericSignatures.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,467 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_GENERICSIGNATURES_HPP
+#define SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_GENERICSIGNATURES_HPP
+
+#include "classfile/symbolTable.hpp"
+#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
+#include "runtime/signature.hpp"
+#include "utilities/growableArray.hpp"
+#include "utilities/resourceHash.hpp"
+
+class stringStream;
+
+namespace generic {
+
+class Identifier;
+class ClassDescriptor;
+class MethodDescriptor;
+
+class TypeParameter; // a formal type parameter declared in generic signatures
+class TypeArgument;  // The "type value" passed to fill parameters in supertypes
+class TypeVariable;  // A usage of a type parameter as a value
+/**
+ * Example:
+ *
+ * <T, V> class Foo extends Bar<String> { int m(V v) {} }
+ * ^^^^^^                       ^^^^^^          ^^
+ * type parameters            type argument    type variable
+ *
+ * Note that a type variable could be passed as an argument too:
+ * <T, V> class Foo extends Bar<T> { int m(V v) {} }
+ *                             ^^^
+ *                             type argument's value is a type variable
+ */
+
+
+class Type;
+class ClassType;
+class ArrayType;
+class PrimitiveType;
+class Context;
+class DescriptorCache;
+
+class DescriptorStream;
+
+class Identifier : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  Symbol* _sym;
+  int _begin;
+  int _end;
+
+ public:
+  Identifier(Symbol* sym, int begin, int end) :
+    _sym(sym), _begin(begin), _end(end) {}
+
+  bool equals(Identifier* other);
+  bool equals(Symbol* sym);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif // ndef PRODUCT
+};
+
+class Descriptor : public ResourceObj {
+ protected:
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*> _type_parameters;
+  ClassDescriptor* _outer_class;
+
+  Descriptor(GrowableArray<TypeParameter*>& params,
+    ClassDescriptor* outer)
+    : _type_parameters(params), _outer_class(outer) {}
+
+ public:
+
+  ClassDescriptor* outer_class() { return _outer_class; }
+  void set_outer_class(ClassDescriptor* sig) { _outer_class = sig; }
+
+  virtual ClassDescriptor* as_class_signature() { return NULL; }
+  virtual MethodDescriptor* as_method_signature() { return NULL; }
+
+  bool is_class_signature() { return as_class_signature() != NULL; }
+  bool is_method_signature() { return as_method_signature() != NULL; }
+
+  GrowableArray<TypeParameter*>& type_parameters() {
+    return _type_parameters;
+  }
+
+  TypeParameter* find_type_parameter(Identifier* id, int* param_depth);
+
+  virtual void bind_variables_to_parameters() = 0;
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  virtual void print_on(outputStream* str) const = 0;
+#endif
+};
+
+class ClassDescriptor : public Descriptor {
+ private:
+  ClassType* _super;
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> _interfaces;
+  MethodDescriptor* _outer_method;
+
+  ClassDescriptor(GrowableArray<TypeParameter*>& ftp, ClassType* scs,
+      GrowableArray<ClassType*>& sis, ClassDescriptor* outer_class = NULL,
+      MethodDescriptor* outer_method = NULL)
+        : Descriptor(ftp, outer_class), _super(scs), _interfaces(sis),
+          _outer_method(outer_method) {}
+
+  static u2 get_outer_class_index(InstanceKlass* k, TRAPS);
+  static ClassDescriptor* parse_generic_signature(Klass* k, Symbol* original_name, TRAPS);
+
+ public:
+
+  virtual ClassDescriptor* as_class_signature() { return this; }
+
+  MethodDescriptor* outer_method() { return _outer_method; }
+  void set_outer_method(MethodDescriptor* m) { _outer_method = m; }
+
+  ClassType* super() { return _super; }
+  ClassType* interface_desc(Symbol* sym);
+
+  static ClassDescriptor* parse_generic_signature(Klass* k, TRAPS);
+  static ClassDescriptor* parse_generic_signature(Symbol* sym);
+
+  // For use in superclass chains in positions where this is no generic info
+  static ClassDescriptor* placeholder(InstanceKlass* klass);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+
+  ClassDescriptor* canonicalize(Context* ctx);
+
+  // Linking sets the position index in any contained TypeVariable type
+  // to correspond to the location of that identifier in the formal type
+  // parameters.
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters();
+};
+
+class MethodDescriptor : public Descriptor {
+ private:
+  GrowableArray<Type*> _parameters;
+  Type* _return_type;
+  GrowableArray<Type*> _throws;
+
+  MethodDescriptor(GrowableArray<TypeParameter*>& ftp, ClassDescriptor* outer,
+      GrowableArray<Type*>& sigs, Type* rt, GrowableArray<Type*>& throws)
+      : Descriptor(ftp, outer), _parameters(sigs), _return_type(rt),
+        _throws(throws) {}
+
+ public:
+
+  static MethodDescriptor* parse_generic_signature(Method* m, ClassDescriptor* outer);
+  static MethodDescriptor* parse_generic_signature(Symbol* sym, ClassDescriptor* outer);
+
+  MethodDescriptor* as_method_signature() { return this; }
+
+  // Performs generic analysis on the method parameters to determine
+  // if both methods refer to the same argument types.
+  bool covariant_match(MethodDescriptor* other, Context* ctx);
+
+  // Returns a new method descriptor with all generic variables
+  // removed and replaced with whatever is indicated using the Context.
+  MethodDescriptor* canonicalize(Context* ctx);
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters();
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  TempNewSymbol reify_signature(Context* ctx, TRAPS);
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class TypeParameter : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  Identifier* _identifier;
+  ClassType* _class_bound;
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> _interface_bounds;
+
+  // The position is the ordinal location of the parameter within the
+  // formal parameter list (excluding outer classes).  It is only set for
+  // formal type parameters that are associated with a class -- method
+  // type parameters are left as -1.  When resolving a generic variable to
+  // find the actual type, this index is used to access the generic type
+  // argument in the provided context object.
+  int _position; // Assigned during variable linking
+
+  TypeParameter(Identifier* id, ClassType* class_bound,
+    GrowableArray<ClassType*>& interface_bounds) :
+      _identifier(id), _class_bound(class_bound),
+      _interface_bounds(interface_bounds), _position(-1) {}
+
+ public:
+  static TypeParameter* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  ClassType* bound();
+  int position() { return _position; }
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig, int position);
+  Identifier* identifier() { return _identifier; }
+
+  Type* resolve(Context* ctx, int inner_depth, int ctx_depth);
+  TypeParameter* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class Type : public ResourceObj {
+ public:
+  static Type* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  virtual ClassType* as_class() { return NULL; }
+  virtual TypeVariable* as_variable() { return NULL; }
+  virtual ArrayType* as_array() { return NULL; }
+  virtual PrimitiveType* as_primitive() { return NULL; }
+
+  virtual bool covariant_match(Type* gt, Context* ctx) = 0;
+  virtual Type* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth) = 0;
+
+  virtual void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig) = 0;
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  virtual void reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx) = 0;
+  virtual void print_on(outputStream* str) const = 0;
+#endif
+};
+
+class ClassType : public Type {
+  friend class ClassDescriptor;
+ protected:
+  Identifier* _identifier;
+  GrowableArray<TypeArgument*> _type_arguments;
+  ClassType* _outer_class;
+
+  ClassType(Identifier* identifier,
+      GrowableArray<TypeArgument*>& args,
+      ClassType* outer)
+      : _identifier(identifier), _type_arguments(args), _outer_class(outer) {}
+
+  // Returns true if there are inner classes to read
+  static Identifier* parse_generic_signature_simple(
+      GrowableArray<TypeArgument*>* args,
+      bool* has_inner, DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  static ClassType* parse_generic_signature(ClassType* outer,
+      DescriptorStream* str);
+  static ClassType* from_symbol(Symbol* sym);
+
+ public:
+  ClassType* as_class() { return this; }
+
+  static ClassType* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+  static ClassType* java_lang_Object();
+
+  Identifier* identifier() { return _identifier; }
+  int type_arguments_length() { return _type_arguments.length(); }
+  TypeArgument* type_argument_at(int i);
+
+  virtual ClassType* outer_class() { return _outer_class; }
+
+  bool covariant_match(Type* gt, Context* ctx);
+  ClassType* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int context_depth);
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx);
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class TypeVariable : public Type {
+ private:
+  Identifier* _id;
+  TypeParameter* _parameter; // assigned during linking
+
+  // how many steps "out" from inner classes, -1 if method
+  int _inner_depth;
+
+  TypeVariable(Identifier* id)
+      : _id(id), _parameter(NULL), _inner_depth(0) {}
+
+ public:
+  TypeVariable* as_variable() { return this; }
+
+  static TypeVariable* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  Identifier* identifier() { return _id; }
+  TypeParameter* parameter() { return _parameter; }
+  int inner_depth() { return _inner_depth; }
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig);
+
+  Type* resolve(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+  bool covariant_match(Type* gt, Context* ctx);
+  Type* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx);
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class ArrayType : public Type {
+ private:
+  Type* _base;
+
+  ArrayType(Type* base) : _base(base) {}
+
+ public:
+  ArrayType* as_array() { return this; }
+
+  static ArrayType* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  bool covariant_match(Type* gt, Context* ctx);
+  ArrayType* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx);
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class PrimitiveType : public Type {
+  friend class Type;
+ private:
+  char _type; // includes V for void
+
+  PrimitiveType(char& type) : _type(type) {}
+
+ public:
+  PrimitiveType* as_primitive() { return this; }
+
+  bool covariant_match(Type* gt, Context* ctx);
+  PrimitiveType* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void reify_signature(stringStream* ss, Context* ctx);
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+class TypeArgument : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  Type* _lower_bound;
+  Type* _upper_bound; // may be null or == _lower_bound
+
+  TypeArgument(Type* lower_bound, Type* upper_bound)
+      : _lower_bound(lower_bound), _upper_bound(upper_bound) {}
+
+ public:
+
+  static TypeArgument* parse_generic_signature(DescriptorStream* str);
+
+  Type* lower_bound() { return _lower_bound; }
+  Type* upper_bound() { return _upper_bound; }
+
+  void bind_variables_to_parameters(Descriptor* sig);
+  TypeArgument* canonicalize(Context* ctx, int ctx_depth);
+
+  bool covariant_match(TypeArgument* a, Context* ctx);
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+
+class Context : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  DescriptorCache* _cache;
+  GrowableArray<ClassType*> _type_arguments;
+
+  void reset_to_mark(int size);
+
+ public:
+  // When this object goes out of scope or 'destroy' is
+  // called, then the application of the type to the
+  // context is wound-back (unless it's been deactivated).
+  class Mark : public StackObj {
+   private:
+    mutable Context* _context;
+    int _marked_size;
+
+    bool is_active() const { return _context != NULL; }
+    void deactivate() const { _context = NULL; }
+
+   public:
+    Mark() : _context(NULL), _marked_size(0) {}
+    Mark(Context* ctx, int sz) : _context(ctx), _marked_size(sz) {}
+    Mark(const Mark& m) : _context(m._context), _marked_size(m._marked_size) {
+      m.deactivate(); // Ownership is transferred
+    }
+
+    Mark& operator=(const Mark& cm) {
+      destroy();
+      _context = cm._context;
+      _marked_size = cm._marked_size;
+      cm.deactivate();
+      return *this;
+    }
+
+    void destroy();
+    ~Mark() { destroy(); }
+  };
+
+  Context(DescriptorCache* cache) : _cache(cache) {}
+
+  Mark mark() { return Mark(this, _type_arguments.length()); }
+  void apply_type_arguments(InstanceKlass* current, InstanceKlass* super,TRAPS);
+
+  ClassType* at_depth(int i) const;
+
+#ifndef PRODUCT
+  void print_on(outputStream* str) const;
+#endif
+};
+
+/**
+ * Contains a cache of descriptors for classes and methods so they can be
+ * looked-up instead of reparsing each time they are needed.
+ */
+class DescriptorCache : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+  ResourceHashtable<InstanceKlass*, ClassDescriptor*> _class_descriptors;
+  ResourceHashtable<Method*, MethodDescriptor*> _method_descriptors;
+
+ public:
+  ClassDescriptor* descriptor_for(InstanceKlass* ikh, TRAPS);
+
+  MethodDescriptor* descriptor_for(Method* mh, ClassDescriptor* cd, TRAPS);
+  // Class descriptor derived from method holder
+  MethodDescriptor* descriptor_for(Method* mh, TRAPS);
+};
+
+} // namespace generic
+
+#endif // SHARE_VM_CLASSFILE_GENERICSIGNATURES_HPP
+
--- a/src/share/vm/classfile/systemDictionary.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/systemDictionary.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@
   /* NOTE: needed too early in bootstrapping process to have checks based on JDK version */                              \
   /* Universe::is_gte_jdk14x_version() is not set up by this point. */                                                   \
   /* It's okay if this turns out to be NULL in non-1.4 JDKs. */                                                          \
+  do_klass(lambda_MagicLambdaImpl_klass,                java_lang_invoke_MagicLambdaImpl, Opt ) \
   do_klass(reflect_MagicAccessorImpl_klass,             sun_reflect_MagicAccessorImpl,             Opt                 ) \
   do_klass(reflect_MethodAccessorImpl_klass,            sun_reflect_MethodAccessorImpl,            Opt_Only_JDK14NewRef) \
   do_klass(reflect_ConstructorAccessorImpl_klass,       sun_reflect_ConstructorAccessorImpl,       Opt_Only_JDK14NewRef) \
--- a/src/share/vm/classfile/verifier.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/verifier.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -555,9 +555,10 @@
     if (was_recursively_verified())  return;
 
     Method* m = methods->at(index);
-    if (m->is_native() || m->is_abstract()) {
+    if (m->is_native() || m->is_abstract() || m->is_overpass()) {
       // If m is native or abstract, skip it.  It is checked in class file
-      // parser that methods do not override a final method.
+      // parser that methods do not override a final method.  Overpass methods
+      // are trusted since the VM generates them.
       continue;
     }
     verify_method(methodHandle(THREAD, m), CHECK_VERIFY(this));
@@ -2304,11 +2305,21 @@
   // Make sure the constant pool item is the right type
   u2 index = bcs->get_index_u2();
   Bytecodes::Code opcode = bcs->raw_code();
-  unsigned int types = (opcode == Bytecodes::_invokeinterface
-                                ? 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref
-                      : opcode == Bytecodes::_invokedynamic
-                                ? 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_InvokeDynamic
-                                : 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_Methodref);
+  unsigned int types;
+  switch (opcode) {
+    case Bytecodes::_invokeinterface:
+      types = 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref;
+      break;
+    case Bytecodes::_invokedynamic:
+      types = 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_InvokeDynamic;
+      break;
+    case Bytecodes::_invokespecial:
+      types = (1 << JVM_CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref) |
+              (1 << JVM_CONSTANT_Methodref);
+      break;
+    default:
+      types = 1 << JVM_CONSTANT_Methodref;
+  }
   verify_cp_type(bcs->bci(), index, cp, types, CHECK_VERIFY(this));
 
   // Get method name and signature
--- a/src/share/vm/classfile/vmSymbols.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/classfile/vmSymbols.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -258,6 +258,7 @@
   template(java_lang_invoke_DontInline_signature,     "Ljava/lang/invoke/DontInline;")            \
   template(java_lang_invoke_LambdaForm_Compiled_signature, "Ljava/lang/invoke/LambdaForm$Compiled;") \
   template(java_lang_invoke_LambdaForm_Hidden_signature, "Ljava/lang/invoke/LambdaForm$Hidden;")  \
+  template(java_lang_invoke_MagicLambdaImpl,          "java/lang/invoke/MagicLambdaImpl")         \
   /* internal up-calls made only by the JVM, via class sun.invoke.MethodHandleNatives: */         \
   template(findMethodHandleType_name,                 "findMethodHandleType")                     \
   template(findMethodHandleType_signature,       "(Ljava/lang/Class;[Ljava/lang/Class;)Ljava/lang/invoke/MethodType;") \
--- a/src/share/vm/code/dependencies.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/code/dependencies.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -1160,7 +1160,11 @@
 
   // We could also return false if m does not yet appear to be
   // executed, if the VM version supports this distinction also.
-  return !m->is_abstract();
+  return !m->is_abstract() &&
+         !InstanceKlass::cast(m->method_holder())->is_interface();
+         // TODO: investigate whether default methods should be
+         // considered as "concrete" in this situation.  For now they
+         // are not.
 }
 
 
--- a/src/share/vm/interpreter/linkResolver.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/interpreter/linkResolver.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
  */
 
 #include "precompiled.hpp"
+#include "classfile/defaultMethods.hpp"
 #include "classfile/systemDictionary.hpp"
 #include "classfile/vmSymbols.hpp"
 #include "compiler/compileBroker.hpp"
@@ -404,21 +405,13 @@
                                   Symbol* method_name, Symbol* method_signature,
                                   KlassHandle current_klass, bool check_access, TRAPS) {
 
-  // 1. check if klass is not interface
-  if (resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
-    ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
-    char buf[200];
-    jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Found interface %s, but class was expected", Klass::cast(resolved_klass())->external_name());
-    THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), buf);
-  }
-
   Handle nested_exception;
 
-  // 2. lookup method in resolved klass and its super klasses
+  // 1. lookup method in resolved klass and its super klasses
   lookup_method_in_klasses(resolved_method, resolved_klass, method_name, method_signature, CHECK);
 
   if (resolved_method.is_null()) { // not found in the class hierarchy
-    // 3. lookup method in all the interfaces implemented by the resolved klass
+    // 2. lookup method in all the interfaces implemented by the resolved klass
     lookup_method_in_interfaces(resolved_method, resolved_klass, method_name, method_signature, CHECK);
 
     if (resolved_method.is_null()) {
@@ -432,7 +425,7 @@
     }
 
     if (resolved_method.is_null()) {
-      // 4. method lookup failed
+      // 3. method lookup failed
       ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
       THROW_MSG_CAUSE(vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchMethodError(),
                       Method::name_and_sig_as_C_string(Klass::cast(resolved_klass()),
@@ -442,6 +435,15 @@
     }
   }
 
+  // 4. check if klass is not interface
+  if (resolved_klass->is_interface() && resolved_method->is_abstract()) {
+    ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
+    char buf[200];
+    jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Found interface %s, but class was expected",
+        resolved_klass()->external_name());
+    THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), buf);
+  }
+
   // 5. check if method is concrete
   if (resolved_method->is_abstract() && !resolved_klass->is_abstract()) {
     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
@@ -743,6 +745,27 @@
                                                    Symbol* method_name, Symbol* method_signature,
                                                    KlassHandle current_klass, bool check_access, TRAPS) {
 
+  if (resolved_klass->is_interface() && current_klass() != NULL) {
+    // If the target class is a direct interface, treat this as a "super"
+    // default call.
+    //
+    // If the current method is an overpass that happens to call a direct
+    // super-interface's method, then we'll end up rerunning the default method
+    // analysis even though we don't need to, but that's ok since it will end
+    // up with the same answer.
+    InstanceKlass* ik = InstanceKlass::cast(current_klass());
+    Array<Klass*>* interfaces = ik->local_interfaces();
+    int num_interfaces = interfaces->length();
+    for (int index = 0; index < num_interfaces; index++) {
+      if (interfaces->at(index) == resolved_klass()) {
+        Method* method = DefaultMethods::find_super_default(current_klass(),
+            resolved_klass(), method_name, method_signature, CHECK);
+        resolved_method = methodHandle(THREAD, method);
+        return;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
   resolve_method(resolved_method, resolved_klass, method_name, method_signature, current_klass, check_access, CHECK);
 
   // check if method name is <init>, that it is found in same klass as static type
@@ -784,11 +807,17 @@
   { KlassHandle method_klass  = KlassHandle(THREAD,
                                             resolved_method->method_holder());
 
-    if (check_access &&
+    const bool direct_calling_default_method =
+      resolved_klass() != NULL && resolved_method() != NULL &&
+      resolved_klass->is_interface() && !resolved_method->is_abstract();
+
+    if (!direct_calling_default_method &&
+        check_access &&
         // a) check if ACC_SUPER flag is set for the current class
         current_klass->is_super() &&
         // b) check if the method class is a superclass of the current class (superclass relation is not reflexive!)
-        current_klass->is_subtype_of(method_klass()) && current_klass() != method_klass() &&
+        current_klass->is_subtype_of(method_klass()) &&
+        current_klass() != method_klass() &&
         // c) check if the method is not <init>
         resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::object_initializer_name()) {
       // Lookup super method
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -34,29 +34,30 @@
 const u2 ConstMethod::UNSET_IDNUM = 0xFFFF;
 
 ConstMethod* ConstMethod::allocate(ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
-                                            int byte_code_size,
-                                            int compressed_line_number_size,
-                                            int localvariable_table_length,
-                                            int exception_table_length,
-                                            int checked_exceptions_length,
-                                            TRAPS) {
+                                   int byte_code_size,
+                                   int compressed_line_number_size,
+                                   int localvariable_table_length,
+                                   int exception_table_length,
+                                   int checked_exceptions_length,
+                                   MethodType method_type,
+                                   TRAPS) {
   int size = ConstMethod::size(byte_code_size,
                                       compressed_line_number_size,
                                       localvariable_table_length,
                                       exception_table_length,
                                       checked_exceptions_length);
   return new (loader_data, size, true, THREAD) ConstMethod(
-                       byte_code_size, compressed_line_number_size,
-                       localvariable_table_length, exception_table_length,
-                       checked_exceptions_length, size);
+      byte_code_size, compressed_line_number_size, localvariable_table_length,
+      exception_table_length, checked_exceptions_length, method_type, size);
 }
 
 ConstMethod::ConstMethod(int byte_code_size,
-                                       int compressed_line_number_size,
-                                       int localvariable_table_length,
-                                       int exception_table_length,
-                                       int checked_exceptions_length,
-                                       int size) {
+                         int compressed_line_number_size,
+                         int localvariable_table_length,
+                         int exception_table_length,
+                         int checked_exceptions_length,
+                         MethodType method_type,
+                         int size) {
 
   No_Safepoint_Verifier no_safepoint;
   set_interpreter_kind(Interpreter::invalid);
@@ -69,6 +70,7 @@
                             compressed_line_number_size,
                             localvariable_table_length,
                             exception_table_length);
+  set_method_type(method_type);
   assert(this->size() == size, "wrong size for object");
 }
 
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/constMethod.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -108,12 +108,17 @@
 
 class ConstMethod : public MetaspaceObj {
   friend class VMStructs;
+
+public:
+  typedef enum { NORMAL, OVERPASS } MethodType;
+
 private:
   enum {
     _has_linenumber_table = 1,
     _has_checked_exceptions = 2,
     _has_localvariable_table = 4,
-    _has_exception_table = 8
+    _has_exception_table = 8,
+    _is_overpass = 16
   };
 
   // Bit vector of signature
@@ -145,19 +150,22 @@
 
   // Constructor
   ConstMethod(int byte_code_size,
-                     int compressed_line_number_size,
-                     int localvariable_table_length,
-                     int exception_table_length,
-                     int checked_exceptions_length,
-                     int size);
+              int compressed_line_number_size,
+              int localvariable_table_length,
+              int exception_table_length,
+              int checked_exceptions_length,
+              MethodType is_overpass,
+              int size);
 public:
+
   static ConstMethod* allocate(ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
-                                 int byte_code_size,
-                                 int compressed_line_number_size,
-                                 int localvariable_table_length,
-                                 int exception_table_length,
-                                 int checked_exceptions_length,
-                                 TRAPS);
+                               int byte_code_size,
+                               int compressed_line_number_size,
+                               int localvariable_table_length,
+                               int exception_table_length,
+                               int checked_exceptions_length,
+                               MethodType mt,
+                               TRAPS);
 
   bool is_constMethod() const { return true; }
 
@@ -179,6 +187,19 @@
   bool has_exception_handler() const
     { return (_flags & _has_exception_table) != 0; }
 
+  MethodType method_type() const {
+    return ((_flags & _is_overpass) == 0) ? NORMAL : OVERPASS;
+  }
+
+  void set_method_type(MethodType mt) {
+    if (mt == NORMAL) {
+      _flags &= ~(_is_overpass);
+    } else {
+      _flags |= _is_overpass;
+    }
+  }
+
+
   void set_interpreter_kind(int kind)      { _interpreter_kind = kind; }
   int  interpreter_kind(void) const        { return _interpreter_kind; }
 
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/constantPool.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/constantPool.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -1143,16 +1143,21 @@
   int from_oplen = operand_array_length(from_cp->operands());
   int old_oplen  = operand_array_length(to_cp->operands());
   if (from_oplen != 0) {
+    ClassLoaderData* loader_data = to_cp->pool_holder()->class_loader_data();
     // append my operands to the target's operands array
     if (old_oplen == 0) {
-      to_cp->set_operands(from_cp->operands());  // reuse; do not merge
+      // Can't just reuse from_cp's operand list because of deallocation issues
+      int len = from_cp->operands()->length();
+      Array<u2>* new_ops = MetadataFactory::new_array<u2>(loader_data, len, CHECK);
+      Copy::conjoint_memory_atomic(
+          from_cp->operands()->adr_at(0), new_ops->adr_at(0), len * sizeof(u2));
+      to_cp->set_operands(new_ops);
     } else {
       int old_len  = to_cp->operands()->length();
       int from_len = from_cp->operands()->length();
       int old_off  = old_oplen * sizeof(u2);
       int from_off = from_oplen * sizeof(u2);
       // Use the metaspace for the destination constant pool
-      ClassLoaderData* loader_data = to_cp->pool_holder()->class_loader_data();
       Array<u2>* new_operands = MetadataFactory::new_array<u2>(loader_data, old_len + from_len, CHECK);
       int fillp = 0, len = 0;
       // first part of dest
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -743,6 +743,35 @@
     }
   }
 
+  if (this_oop->has_default_methods()) {
+    // Step 7.5: initialize any interfaces which have default methods
+    for (int i = 0; i < this_oop->local_interfaces()->length(); ++i) {
+      Klass* iface = this_oop->local_interfaces()->at(i);
+      InstanceKlass* ik = InstanceKlass::cast(iface);
+      if (ik->has_default_methods() && ik->should_be_initialized()) {
+        ik->initialize(THREAD);
+
+        if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
+          Handle e(THREAD, PENDING_EXCEPTION);
+          CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
+          {
+            EXCEPTION_MARK;
+            // Locks object, set state, and notify all waiting threads
+            this_oop->set_initialization_state_and_notify(
+                initialization_error, THREAD);
+
+            // ignore any exception thrown, superclass initialization error is
+            // thrown below
+            CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
+          }
+          DTRACE_CLASSINIT_PROBE_WAIT(
+              super__failed, InstanceKlass::cast(this_oop()), -1, wait);
+          THROW_OOP(e());
+        }
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
   // Step 8
   {
     assert(THREAD->is_Java_thread(), "non-JavaThread in initialize_impl");
@@ -1252,11 +1281,7 @@
 }
 #endif
 
-Method* InstanceKlass::find_method(Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) const {
-  return InstanceKlass::find_method(methods(), name, signature);
-}
-
-Method* InstanceKlass::find_method(Array<Method*>* methods, Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) {
+static int binary_search(Array<Method*>* methods, Symbol* name) {
   int len = methods->length();
   // methods are sorted, so do binary search
   int l = 0;
@@ -1267,43 +1292,70 @@
     assert(m->is_method(), "must be method");
     int res = m->name()->fast_compare(name);
     if (res == 0) {
-      // found matching name; do linear search to find matching signature
-      // first, quick check for common case
-      if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
-      // search downwards through overloaded methods
-      int i;
-      for (i = mid - 1; i >= l; i--) {
-        Method* m = methods->at(i);
-        assert(m->is_method(), "must be method");
-        if (m->name() != name) break;
-        if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
-      }
-      // search upwards
-      for (i = mid + 1; i <= h; i++) {
-        Method* m = methods->at(i);
-        assert(m->is_method(), "must be method");
-        if (m->name() != name) break;
-        if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
-      }
-      // not found
-#ifdef ASSERT
-      int index = linear_search(methods, name, signature);
-      assert(index == -1, err_msg("binary search should have found entry %d", index));
-#endif
-      return NULL;
+      return mid;
     } else if (res < 0) {
       l = mid + 1;
     } else {
       h = mid - 1;
     }
   }
+  return -1;
+}
+
+Method* InstanceKlass::find_method(Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) const {
+  return InstanceKlass::find_method(methods(), name, signature);
+}
+
+Method* InstanceKlass::find_method(
+    Array<Method*>* methods, Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) {
+  int hit = binary_search(methods, name);
+  if (hit != -1) {
+    Method* m = methods->at(hit);
+    // Do linear search to find matching signature.  First, quick check
+    // for common case
+    if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
+    // search downwards through overloaded methods
+    int i;
+    for (i = hit - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
+        Method* m = methods->at(i);
+        assert(m->is_method(), "must be method");
+        if (m->name() != name) break;
+        if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
+    }
+    // search upwards
+    for (i = hit + 1; i < methods->length(); ++i) {
+        Method* m = methods->at(i);
+        assert(m->is_method(), "must be method");
+        if (m->name() != name) break;
+        if (m->signature() == signature) return m;
+    }
+    // not found
 #ifdef ASSERT
-  int index = linear_search(methods, name, signature);
-  assert(index == -1, err_msg("binary search should have found entry %d", index));
+    int index = linear_search(methods, name, signature);
+    assert(index == -1, err_msg("binary search should have found entry %d", index));
 #endif
+  }
   return NULL;
 }
 
+int InstanceKlass::find_method_by_name(Symbol* name, int* end) {
+  return find_method_by_name(methods(), name, end);
+}
+
+int InstanceKlass::find_method_by_name(
+    Array<Method*>* methods, Symbol* name, int* end_ptr) {
+  assert(end_ptr != NULL, "just checking");
+  int start = binary_search(methods, name);
+  int end = start + 1;
+  if (start != -1) {
+    while (start - 1 >= 0 && (methods->at(start - 1))->name() == name) --start;
+    while (end < methods->length() && (methods->at(end))->name() == name) ++end;
+    *end_ptr = end;
+    return start;
+  }
+  return -1;
+}
+
 Method* InstanceKlass::uncached_lookup_method(Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) const {
   Klass* klass = const_cast<InstanceKlass*>(this);
   while (klass != NULL) {
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/instanceKlass.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -245,6 +245,10 @@
   unsigned char * _cached_class_file_bytes;       // JVMTI: cached class file, before retransformable agent modified it in CFLH
   jint            _cached_class_file_len;         // JVMTI: length of above
   JvmtiCachedClassFieldMap* _jvmti_cached_class_field_map;  // JVMTI: used during heap iteration
+
+  // true if class, superclass, or implemented interfaces have default methods
+  bool            _has_default_methods;
+
   volatile u2     _idnum_allocated_count;         // JNI/JVMTI: increments with the addition of methods, old ids don't change
   // Method array.
   Array<Method*>* _methods;
@@ -492,6 +496,13 @@
   // (returns NULL if not found)
   Method* lookup_method_in_all_interfaces(Symbol* name, Symbol* signature) const;
 
+  // Find method indices by name.  If a method with the specified name is
+  // found the index to the first method is returned, and 'end' is filled in
+  // with the index of first non-name-matching method.  If no method is found
+  // -1 is returned.
+  int find_method_by_name(Symbol* name, int* end);
+  static int find_method_by_name(Array<Method*>* methods, Symbol* name, int* end);
+
   // constant pool
   ConstantPool* constants() const        { return _constants; }
   void set_constants(ConstantPool* c)    { _constants = c; }
@@ -592,6 +603,9 @@
     return _jvmti_cached_class_field_map;
   }
 
+  bool has_default_methods() const { return _has_default_methods; }
+  void set_has_default_methods(bool b) { _has_default_methods = b; }
+
   // for adding methods, ConstMethod::UNSET_IDNUM means no more ids available
   inline u2 next_method_idnum();
   void set_initial_method_idnum(u2 value)             { _idnum_allocated_count = value; }
@@ -728,7 +742,6 @@
   GrowableArray<Klass*>* compute_secondary_supers(int num_extra_slots);
   bool compute_is_subtype_of(Klass* k);
   bool can_be_primary_super_slow() const;
-  Klass* java_super() const              { return super(); }
   int oop_size(oop obj)  const             { return size_helper(); }
   bool oop_is_instance_slow() const        { return true; }
 
@@ -750,6 +763,10 @@
     return (InstanceKlass*) k;
   }
 
+  InstanceKlass* java_super() const {
+    return (super() == NULL) ? NULL : cast(super());
+  }
+
   // Sizing (in words)
   static int header_size()            { return align_object_offset(sizeof(InstanceKlass)/HeapWordSize); }
   static int size(int vtable_length, int itable_length,
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -54,22 +54,16 @@
 // the same name and signature as m), then m is a Miranda method which is
 // entered as a public abstract method in C's vtable.  From then on it should
 // treated as any other public method in C for method over-ride purposes.
-void klassVtable::compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(int &vtable_length,
-                                                       int &num_miranda_methods,
-                                                       Klass* super,
-                                                       Array<Method*>* methods,
-                                                       AccessFlags class_flags,
-                                                       Handle classloader,
-                                                       Symbol* classname,
-                                                       Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces,
-                                                       TRAPS
-                                                       ) {
-
+void klassVtable::compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(
+    int* vtable_length_ret, int* num_new_mirandas,
+    GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas, Klass* super,
+    Array<Method*>* methods, AccessFlags class_flags,
+    Handle classloader, Symbol* classname, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces,
+    TRAPS) {
   No_Safepoint_Verifier nsv;
 
   // set up default result values
-  vtable_length = 0;
-  num_miranda_methods = 0;
+  int vtable_length = 0;
 
   // start off with super's vtable length
   InstanceKlass* sk = (InstanceKlass*)super;
@@ -86,9 +80,12 @@
     }
   }
 
+  GrowableArray<Method*> new_mirandas(20);
   // compute the number of mirandas methods that must be added to the end
-  num_miranda_methods = get_num_mirandas(super, methods, local_interfaces);
-  vtable_length += (num_miranda_methods * vtableEntry::size());
+  get_mirandas(&new_mirandas, all_mirandas, super, methods, local_interfaces);
+  *num_new_mirandas = new_mirandas.length();
+
+  vtable_length += *num_new_mirandas * vtableEntry::size();
 
   if (Universe::is_bootstrapping() && vtable_length == 0) {
     // array classes don't have their superclass set correctly during
@@ -109,6 +106,8 @@
          "bad vtable size for class Object");
   assert(vtable_length % vtableEntry::size() == 0, "bad vtable length");
   assert(vtable_length >= Universe::base_vtable_size(), "vtable too small");
+
+  *vtable_length_ret = vtable_length;
 }
 
 int klassVtable::index_of(Method* m, int len) const {
@@ -191,7 +190,7 @@
     }
 
     // add miranda methods; it will also update the value of initialized
-    fill_in_mirandas(initialized);
+    fill_in_mirandas(&initialized);
 
     // In class hierarchies where the accessibility is not increasing (i.e., going from private ->
     // package_private -> publicprotected), the vtable might actually be smaller than our initial
@@ -249,6 +248,11 @@
   return superk;
 }
 
+// Methods that are "effectively" final don't need vtable entries.
+bool method_is_effectively_final(
+    AccessFlags klass_flags, methodHandle target) {
+  return target->is_final() || klass_flags.is_final() && !target->is_overpass();
+}
 
 // Update child's copy of super vtable for overrides
 // OR return true if a new vtable entry is required
@@ -269,7 +273,7 @@
     return false;
   }
 
-  if (klass->is_final() || target_method()->is_final()) {
+  if (method_is_effectively_final(klass->access_flags(), target_method)) {
     // a final method never needs a new entry; final methods can be statically
     // resolved and they have to be present in the vtable only if they override
     // a super's method, in which case they re-use its entry
@@ -406,7 +410,8 @@
                                          Symbol* classname,
                                          AccessFlags class_flags,
                                          TRAPS) {
-  if ((class_flags.is_final() || target_method()->is_final()) ||
+
+  if (method_is_effectively_final(class_flags, target_method) ||
       // a final method never needs a new entry; final methods can be statically
       // resolved and they have to be present in the vtable only if they override
       // a super's method, in which case they re-use its entry
@@ -502,7 +507,7 @@
 
   // miranda methods are interface methods in a class's vtable
   if (mhk->is_interface()) {
-    assert(m->is_public() && m->is_abstract(), "should be public and abstract");
+    assert(m->is_public(), "should be public");
     assert(ik()->implements_interface(method_holder) , "this class should implement the interface");
     assert(is_miranda(m, ik()->methods(), ik()->super()), "should be a miranda_method");
     return true;
@@ -532,19 +537,19 @@
   return false;
 }
 
-void klassVtable::add_new_mirandas_to_list(GrowableArray<Method*>* list_of_current_mirandas,
-                                           Array<Method*>* current_interface_methods,
-                                           Array<Method*>* class_methods,
-                                           Klass* super) {
+void klassVtable::add_new_mirandas_to_lists(
+    GrowableArray<Method*>* new_mirandas, GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas,
+    Array<Method*>* current_interface_methods, Array<Method*>* class_methods,
+    Klass* super) {
   // iterate thru the current interface's method to see if it a miranda
   int num_methods = current_interface_methods->length();
   for (int i = 0; i < num_methods; i++) {
     Method* im = current_interface_methods->at(i);
     bool is_duplicate = false;
-    int num_of_current_mirandas = list_of_current_mirandas->length();
+    int num_of_current_mirandas = new_mirandas->length();
     // check for duplicate mirandas in different interfaces we implement
     for (int j = 0; j < num_of_current_mirandas; j++) {
-      Method* miranda = list_of_current_mirandas->at(j);
+      Method* miranda = new_mirandas->at(j);
       if ((im->name() == miranda->name()) &&
           (im->signature() == miranda->signature())) {
         is_duplicate = true;
@@ -557,51 +562,47 @@
         InstanceKlass *sk = InstanceKlass::cast(super);
         // check if it is a duplicate of a super's miranda
         if (sk->lookup_method_in_all_interfaces(im->name(), im->signature()) == NULL) {
-          list_of_current_mirandas->append(im);
+          new_mirandas->append(im);
+        }
+        if (all_mirandas != NULL) {
+          all_mirandas->append(im);
         }
       }
     }
   }
 }
 
-void klassVtable::get_mirandas(GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas,
+void klassVtable::get_mirandas(GrowableArray<Method*>* new_mirandas,
+                               GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas,
                                Klass* super, Array<Method*>* class_methods,
                                Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces) {
-  assert((mirandas->length() == 0) , "current mirandas must be 0");
+  assert((new_mirandas->length() == 0) , "current mirandas must be 0");
 
   // iterate thru the local interfaces looking for a miranda
   int num_local_ifs = local_interfaces->length();
   for (int i = 0; i < num_local_ifs; i++) {
     InstanceKlass *ik = InstanceKlass::cast(local_interfaces->at(i));
-    add_new_mirandas_to_list(mirandas, ik->methods(), class_methods, super);
+    add_new_mirandas_to_lists(new_mirandas, all_mirandas,
+                              ik->methods(), class_methods, super);
     // iterate thru each local's super interfaces
     Array<Klass*>* super_ifs = ik->transitive_interfaces();
     int num_super_ifs = super_ifs->length();
     for (int j = 0; j < num_super_ifs; j++) {
       InstanceKlass *sik = InstanceKlass::cast(super_ifs->at(j));
-      add_new_mirandas_to_list(mirandas, sik->methods(), class_methods, super);
+      add_new_mirandas_to_lists(new_mirandas, all_mirandas,
+                                sik->methods(), class_methods, super);
     }
   }
 }
 
-// get number of mirandas
-int klassVtable::get_num_mirandas(Klass* super, Array<Method*>* class_methods, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces) {
-  ResourceMark rm;
-  GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas = new GrowableArray<Method*>(20);
-  get_mirandas(mirandas, super, class_methods, local_interfaces);
-  return mirandas->length();
-}
-
 // fill in mirandas
-void klassVtable::fill_in_mirandas(int& initialized) {
-  ResourceMark rm;
-  GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas = new GrowableArray<Method*>(20);
-  InstanceKlass *this_ik = ik();
-  get_mirandas(mirandas, this_ik->super(), this_ik->methods(), this_ik->local_interfaces());
-  int num_mirandas = mirandas->length();
-  for (int i = 0; i < num_mirandas; i++) {
-    put_method_at(mirandas->at(i), initialized);
-    initialized++;
+void klassVtable::fill_in_mirandas(int* initialized) {
+  GrowableArray<Method*> mirandas(20);
+  get_mirandas(&mirandas, NULL, ik()->super(), ik()->methods(),
+               ik()->local_interfaces());
+  for (int i = 0; i < mirandas.length(); i++) {
+    put_method_at(mirandas.at(i), *initialized);
+    ++(*initialized);
   }
 }
 
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/klassVtable.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -84,11 +84,11 @@
   bool is_initialized();
 
   // computes vtable length (in words) and the number of miranda methods
-  static void compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(int &vtable_length, int &num_miranda_methods,
-                                                   Klass* super, Array<Method*>* methods,
-                                                   AccessFlags class_flags, Handle classloader,
-                                                   Symbol* classname, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces,
-                                                   TRAPS);
+  static void compute_vtable_size_and_num_mirandas(
+      int* vtable_length, int* num_new_mirandas,
+      GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas, Klass* super,
+      Array<Method*>* methods, AccessFlags class_flags, Handle classloader,
+      Symbol* classname, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces, TRAPS);
 
   // RedefineClasses() API support:
   // If any entry of this vtable points to any of old_methods,
@@ -125,12 +125,17 @@
 
   // support for miranda methods
   bool is_miranda_entry_at(int i);
-  void fill_in_mirandas(int& initialized);
+  void fill_in_mirandas(int* initialized);
   static bool is_miranda(Method* m, Array<Method*>* class_methods, Klass* super);
-  static void add_new_mirandas_to_list(GrowableArray<Method*>* list_of_current_mirandas, Array<Method*>* current_interface_methods, Array<Method*>* class_methods, Klass* super);
-  static void get_mirandas(GrowableArray<Method*>* mirandas, Klass* super, Array<Method*>* class_methods, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces);
-  static int get_num_mirandas(Klass* super, Array<Method*>* class_methods, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces);
-
+  static void add_new_mirandas_to_lists(
+      GrowableArray<Method*>* new_mirandas,
+      GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas,
+      Array<Method*>* current_interface_methods, Array<Method*>* class_methods,
+      Klass* super);
+  static void get_mirandas(
+      GrowableArray<Method*>* new_mirandas,
+      GrowableArray<Method*>* all_mirandas, Klass* super,
+      Array<Method*>* class_methods, Array<Klass*>* local_interfaces);
 
   void verify_against(outputStream* st, klassVtable* vt, int index);
   inline InstanceKlass* ik() const;
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/method.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/method.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 #include "memory/generation.hpp"
 #include "memory/metadataFactory.hpp"
 #include "memory/oopFactory.hpp"
+#include "oops/constMethod.hpp"
 #include "oops/methodData.hpp"
 #include "oops/method.hpp"
 #include "oops/oop.inline.hpp"
@@ -57,22 +58,24 @@
 // Implementation of Method
 
 Method* Method::allocate(ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
-                            int byte_code_size,
-                            AccessFlags access_flags,
-                            int compressed_line_number_size,
-                            int localvariable_table_length,
-                            int exception_table_length,
-                            int checked_exceptions_length,
-                            TRAPS) {
+                         int byte_code_size,
+                         AccessFlags access_flags,
+                         int compressed_line_number_size,
+                         int localvariable_table_length,
+                         int exception_table_length,
+                         int checked_exceptions_length,
+                         ConstMethod::MethodType method_type,
+                         TRAPS) {
   assert(!access_flags.is_native() || byte_code_size == 0,
          "native methods should not contain byte codes");
   ConstMethod* cm = ConstMethod::allocate(loader_data,
-                                      byte_code_size,
-                                      compressed_line_number_size,
-                                      localvariable_table_length,
-                                      exception_table_length,
-                                      checked_exceptions_length,
-                                      CHECK_NULL);
+                                          byte_code_size,
+                                          compressed_line_number_size,
+                                          localvariable_table_length,
+                                          exception_table_length,
+                                          checked_exceptions_length,
+                                          method_type,
+                                          CHECK_NULL);
 
   int size = Method::size(access_flags.is_native());
 
@@ -1031,7 +1034,7 @@
   methodHandle m;
   {
     Method* m_oop = Method::allocate(loader_data, 0, accessFlags_from(flags_bits),
-                                              0, 0, 0, 0, CHECK_(empty));
+            0, 0, 0, 0, ConstMethod::NORMAL, CHECK_(empty));
     m = methodHandle(THREAD, m_oop);
   }
   m->set_constants(cp());
@@ -1083,15 +1086,16 @@
   int localvariable_len = m->localvariable_table_length();
   int exception_table_len = m->exception_table_length();
 
-  ClassLoaderData* loader_data = m()->method_holder()->class_loader_data();
+  ClassLoaderData* loader_data = m->method_holder()->class_loader_data();
   Method* newm_oop = Method::allocate(loader_data,
-                                               new_code_length,
-                                              flags,
-                                              new_compressed_linenumber_size,
-                                              localvariable_len,
-                                              exception_table_len,
-                                              checked_exceptions_len,
-                                              CHECK_(methodHandle()));
+                                      new_code_length,
+                                      flags,
+                                      new_compressed_linenumber_size,
+                                      localvariable_len,
+                                      exception_table_len,
+                                      checked_exceptions_len,
+                                      m->method_type(),
+                                      CHECK_(methodHandle()));
   methodHandle newm (THREAD, newm_oop);
   int new_method_size = newm->method_size();
 
--- a/src/share/vm/oops/method.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/oops/method.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -30,7 +30,6 @@
 #include "compiler/oopMap.hpp"
 #include "interpreter/invocationCounter.hpp"
 #include "oops/annotations.hpp"
-#include "oops/constMethod.hpp"
 #include "oops/constantPool.hpp"
 #include "oops/instanceKlass.hpp"
 #include "oops/oop.hpp"
@@ -104,6 +103,7 @@
 class LocalVariableTableElement;
 class AdapterHandlerEntry;
 class MethodData;
+class ConstMethod;
 
 class Method : public Metadata {
  friend class VMStructs;
@@ -158,14 +158,16 @@
   // Constructor
   Method(ConstMethod* xconst, AccessFlags access_flags, int size);
  public:
+
   static Method* allocate(ClassLoaderData* loader_data,
-                            int byte_code_size,
-                            AccessFlags access_flags,
-                            int compressed_line_number_size,
-                            int localvariable_table_length,
-                            int exception_table_length,
-                            int checked_exceptions_length,
-                            TRAPS);
+                          int byte_code_size,
+                          AccessFlags access_flags,
+                          int compressed_line_number_size,
+                          int localvariable_table_length,
+                          int exception_table_length,
+                          int checked_exceptions_length,
+                          ConstMethod::MethodType method_type,
+                          TRAPS);
 
   Method() { assert(DumpSharedSpaces || UseSharedSpaces, "only for CDS"); }
 
@@ -725,6 +727,10 @@
   void set_dont_inline(bool x)  {        _dont_inline = x;  }
   bool  is_hidden()             { return _hidden;           }
   void set_hidden(bool x)       {        _hidden = x;       }
+  ConstMethod::MethodType method_type() const {
+      return _constMethod->method_type();
+  }
+  bool is_overpass() const { return method_type() == ConstMethod::OVERPASS; }
 
   // On-stack replacement support
   bool has_osr_nmethod(int level, bool match_level) {
--- a/src/share/vm/runtime/globals.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/runtime/globals.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -3590,6 +3590,15 @@
   product(uintx, StringTableSize, 1009,                                     \
           "Number of buckets in the interned String table")                 \
                                                                             \
+  develop(bool, TraceDefaultMethods, false,                                 \
+          "Trace the default method processing steps")                      \
+                                                                            \
+  develop(bool, ParseAllGenericSignatures, false,                           \
+          "Parse all generic signatures while classloading")                \
+                                                                            \
+  develop(bool, VerifyGenericSignatures, false,                             \
+          "Abort VM on erroneous or inconsistent generic signatures")       \
+                                                                            \
   product(bool, UseVMInterruptibleIO, false,                                \
           "(Unstable, Solaris-specific) Thread interrupt before or with "   \
           "EINTR for I/O operations results in OS_INTRPT. The default value"\
--- a/src/share/vm/runtime/reflection.cpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/runtime/reflection.cpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -472,6 +472,12 @@
     return true;
   }
 
+  // Also allow all accesses from
+  // java/lang/invoke/MagicLambdaImpl subclasses to succeed trivially.
+  if (current_class->is_subclass_of(SystemDictionary::lambda_MagicLambdaImpl_klass())) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
   return can_relax_access_check_for(current_class, new_class, classloader_only);
 }
 
@@ -564,6 +570,12 @@
     return true;
   }
 
+  // Also allow all accesses from
+  // java/lang/invoke/MagicLambdaImpl subclasses to succeed trivially.
+  if (current_class->is_subclass_of(SystemDictionary::lambda_MagicLambdaImpl_klass())) {
+    return true;
+  }
+
   return can_relax_access_check_for(
     current_class, field_class, classloader_only);
 }
--- a/src/share/vm/utilities/growableArray.hpp	Thu Nov 01 13:05:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/src/share/vm/utilities/growableArray.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -217,7 +217,12 @@
     return missed;
   }
 
-  E at(int i) const {
+  E& at(int i) {
+    assert(0 <= i && i < _len, "illegal index");
+    return _data[i];
+  }
+
+  E const& at(int i) const {
     assert(0 <= i && i < _len, "illegal index");
     return _data[i];
   }
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/utilities/pair.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_PAIR_HPP
+#define SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_PAIR_HPP
+
+#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
+#include "utilities/top.hpp"
+
+template<typename T, typename V,  typename ALLOC_BASE = ResourceObj>
+class Pair : public ALLOC_BASE {
+ public:
+  T first;
+  V second;
+
+  Pair() {}
+  Pair(T t, V v) : first(t), second(v) {}
+};
+
+
+#endif // SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_PAIR_HPP
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/vm/utilities/resourceHash.hpp	Thu Oct 11 12:25:42 2012 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_RESOURCEHASH_HPP
+#define SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_RESOURCEHASH_HPP
+
+#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
+#include "utilities/top.hpp"
+
+template<typename K> struct ResourceHashtableFns {
+    typedef unsigned (*hash_fn)(K const&);
+    typedef bool (*equals_fn)(K const&, K const&);
+};
+
+template<typename K> unsigned primitive_hash(const K& k) {
+  unsigned hash = (unsigned)((uintptr_t)k);
+  return hash ^ (hash > 3); // just in case we're dealing with aligned ptrs
+}
+
+template<typename K> bool primitive_equals(const K& k0, const K& k1) {
+  return k0 == k1;
+}
+
+template<
+    typename K, typename V,
+    typename ResourceHashtableFns<K>::hash_fn   HASH   = primitive_hash<K>,
+    typename ResourceHashtableFns<K>::equals_fn EQUALS = primitive_equals<K>,
+    unsigned SIZE = 256
+    >
+class ResourceHashtable : public ResourceObj {
+ private:
+
+  class Node : public ResourceObj {
+   public:
+    unsigned _hash;
+    K _key;
+    V _value;
+    Node* _next;
+
+    Node(unsigned hash, K const& key, V const& value) :
+        _hash(hash), _key(key), _value(value), _next(NULL) {}
+  };
+
+  Node* _table[SIZE];
+
+  // Returns a pointer to where the node where the value would reside if
+  // it's in the table.
+  Node** lookup_node(unsigned hash, K const& key) {
+    unsigned index = hash % SIZE;
+    Node** ptr = &_table[index];
+    while (*ptr != NULL) {
+      Node* node = *ptr;
+      if (node->_hash == hash && EQUALS(key, node->_key)) {
+        break;
+      }
+      ptr = &(node->_next);
+    }
+    return ptr;
+  }
+
+  Node const** lookup_node(unsigned hash, K const& key) const {
+    return const_cast<Node const**>(
+        const_cast<ResourceHashtable*>(this)->lookup_node(hash, key));
+  }
+
+ public:
+  ResourceHashtable() { memset(_table, 0, SIZE * sizeof(Node*)); }
+
+  bool contains(K const& key) const {
+    return get(key) != NULL;
+  }
+
+  V* get(K const& key) const {
+    unsigned hv = HASH(key);
+    Node const** ptr = lookup_node(hv, key);
+    if (*ptr != NULL) {
+      return const_cast<V*>(&(*ptr)->_value);
+    } else {
+      return NULL;
+    }
+  }
+
+  // Inserts or replaces a value in the table
+  void put(K const& key, V const& value) {
+    unsigned hv = HASH(key);
+    Node** ptr = lookup_node(hv, key);
+    if (*ptr != NULL) {
+      (*ptr)->_value = value;
+    } else {
+      *ptr = new Node(hv, key, value);
+    }
+  }
+
+  // ITER contains bool do_entry(K const&, V const&), which will be
+  // called for each entry in the table.  If do_entry() returns false,
+  // the iteration is cancelled.
+  template<class ITER>
+  void iterate(ITER* iter) const {
+    Node* const* bucket = _table;
+    while (bucket < &_table[SIZE]) {
+      Node* node = *bucket;
+      while (node != NULL) {
+        bool cont = iter->do_entry(node->_key, node->_value);
+        if (!cont) { return; }
+        node = node->_next;
+      }
+      ++bucket;
+    }
+  }
+};
+
+
+#endif // SHARE_VM_UTILITIES_RESOURCEHASH_HPP