changeset 8046:2241a2d34085

8001642: Add Optional<T>, OptionalDouble, OptionalInt, OptionalLong Reviewed-by: mduigou, darcy, alanb, jjb Contributed-by: Brian Goetz <brian.goetz@oracle.com>
author mduigou
date Tue, 19 Mar 2013 16:05:34 -0700
parents 4103eb6b2137
children fb23896a01f5
files src/share/classes/java/util/Optional.java src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalDouble.java src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalInt.java src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalLong.java test/java/util/Optional/Basic.java test/java/util/Optional/BasicDouble.java test/java/util/Optional/BasicInt.java test/java/util/Optional/BasicLong.java
diffstat 8 files changed, 1445 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/Optional.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,243 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
+ * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
+ * by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+package java.util;
+
+import java.util.function.Consumer;
+import java.util.function.Supplier;
+
+/**
+ * A container object which may or may not contain a non-null value.
+ * If a value is present, {@code isPresent()} will return {@code true} and
+ * {@code get()} will return the value.
+ *
+ * <p>Additional methods that depend on the presence or absence of a contained
+ * value are provided, such as {@link #orElse(java.lang.Object) orElse()}
+ * (return a default value if value not present) and
+ * {@link #ifPresent(java.util.function.Consumer) ifPresent()} (execute a block
+ * of code if the value is present).
+ *
+ * @since 1.8
+ */
+public final class Optional<T> {
+    /**
+     * Common instance for {@code empty()}.
+     */
+    private static final Optional<?> EMPTY = new Optional<>();
+
+    /**
+     * If non-null, the value; if null, indicates no value is present
+     */
+    private final T value;
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an empty instance.
+     *
+     * @implNote Generally only one empty instance, {@link Optional#EMPTY},
+     * should exist per VM.
+     */
+    private Optional() {
+        this.value = null;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns an empty {@code Optional} instance.  No value is present for this
+     * Optional.
+     *
+     * @apiNote Though it may be tempting to do so, avoid testing if an object
+     * is empty by comparing with {@code ==} against instances returned by
+     * {@code Option.empty()}. There is no guarantee that it is a singleton.
+     * Instead, use {@link #isPresent()}.
+     *
+     * @param <T> Type of the non-existent value
+     * @return an empty {@code Optional}
+     */
+    public static<T> Optional<T> empty() {
+        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
+        Optional<T> t = (Optional<T>) EMPTY;
+        return t;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an instance with the value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the non-null value to be present
+     */
+    private Optional(T value) {
+        this.value = Objects.requireNonNull(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return an {@code Optional} with the specified present value.
+     *
+     * @param value the value to be present, which must be non-null
+     * @return an {@code Optional} with the value present
+     */
+    public static <T> Optional<T> of(T value) {
+        return new Optional<>(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If a value is present in this {@code Optional}, returns the value,
+     * otherwise throws {@code NoSuchElementException}.
+     *
+     * @return the non-null value held by this {@code Optional}
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no value present
+     *
+     * @see Optional#isPresent()
+     */
+    public T get() {
+        if (value == null) {
+            throw new NoSuchElementException("No value present");
+        }
+        return value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}.
+     *
+     * @return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    public boolean isPresent() {
+        return value != null;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Have the specified consumer accept the value if a value is present,
+     * otherwise do nothing.
+     *
+     * @param consumer block to be executed if a value is present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is present and {@code consumer} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public void ifPresent(Consumer<? super T> consumer) {
+        if (value != null)
+            consumer.accept(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise return {@code other}.
+     *
+     * @param other the value to be returned if there is no value present, may
+     * be null
+     * @return the value, if present, otherwise {@code other}
+     */
+    public T orElse(T other) {
+        return value != null ? value : other;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise invoke {@code other} and return
+     * the result of that invocation.
+     *
+     * @param other a {@code Supplier} whose result is returned if no value
+     * is present
+     * @return the value if present otherwise the result of {@code other.get()}
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is not present and {@code other} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public T orElseGet(Supplier<? extends T> other) {
+        return value != null ? value : other.get();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the contained value, if present, otherwise throw an exception
+     * to be created by the provided supplier.
+     *
+     * @apiNote A method reference to the exception constructor with an empty
+     * argument list can be used as the supplier. For example,
+     * {@code IllegalStateException::new}
+     *
+     * @param <X> Type of the exception to be thrown
+     * @param exceptionSupplier The supplier which will return the exception to
+     * be thrown
+     * @return the present value
+     * @throws X if there is no value present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if no value is present and
+     * {@code exceptionSupplier} is null
+     */
+    public <X extends Throwable> T orElseThrow(Supplier<? extends X> exceptionSupplier) throws X {
+        if (value != null) {
+            return value;
+        } else {
+            throw exceptionSupplier.get();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this Optional. The
+     * other object is considered equal if:
+     * <ul>
+     * <li>it is also an {@code Optional} and;
+     * <li>both instances have no value present or;
+     * <li>the present values are "equal to" each other via {@code equals()}.
+     * </ul>
+     *
+     * @param obj an object to be tested for equality
+     * @return {code true} if the other object is "equal to" this object
+     * otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+        if (this == obj) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (!(obj instanceof Optional)) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        Optional other = (Optional) obj;
+        return Objects.equals(value, other.value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the hash code value of the present value, if any, or 0 (zero) if
+     * no value is present.
+     *
+     * @return hash code value of the present value or 0 if no value is present
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int hashCode() {
+        return Objects.hashCode(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a non-empty string representation of this Optional suitable for
+     * debugging. The exact presentation format is unspecified and may vary
+     * between implementations and versions.
+     *
+     * @implSpec If a value is present the result must include its string
+     * representation in the result. Empty and present Optionals must be
+     * unambiguously differentiable.
+     *
+     * @return the string representation of this instance
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+        return value != null
+            ? String.format("Optional[%s]", value)
+            : "Optional.empty";
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalDouble.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,245 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
+ * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
+ * by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+package java.util;
+
+import java.util.function.DoubleConsumer;
+import java.util.function.DoubleSupplier;
+import java.util.function.Supplier;
+
+/**
+ * A container object which may or may not contain a {@code double} value.
+ * If a value is present, {@code isPresent()} will return {@code true} and
+ * {@code get()} will return the value.
+ *
+ * <p>Additional methods that depend on the presence or absence of a contained
+ * value are provided, such as {@link #orElse(double) orElse()}
+ * (return a default value if value not present) and
+ * {@link #ifPresent(java.util.function.DoubleConsumer) ifPresent()} (execute a block
+ * of code if the value is present).
+ *
+ * @since 1.8
+ */
+public final class OptionalDouble {
+    /**
+     * Common instance for {@code empty()}.
+     */
+    private static final OptionalDouble EMPTY = new OptionalDouble();
+
+    /**
+     * If true then the value is present, otherwise indicates no value is present
+     */
+    private final boolean isPresent;
+    private final double value;
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an empty instance.
+     *
+     * @implNote generally only one empty instance, {@link OptionalDouble#EMPTY},
+     * should exist per VM.
+     */
+    private OptionalDouble() {
+        this.isPresent = false;
+        this.value = Double.NaN;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns an empty {@code OptionalDouble} instance.  No value is present for this
+     * OptionalDouble.
+     *
+     * @apiNote Though it may be tempting to do so, avoid testing if an object
+     * is empty by comparing with {@code ==} against instances returned by
+     * {@code Option.empty()}. There is no guarantee that it is a singleton.
+     * Instead, use {@link #isPresent()}.
+     *
+     *  @return an empty {@code OptionalDouble}.
+     */
+    public static OptionalDouble empty() {
+        return EMPTY;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an instance with the value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the double value to be present.
+     */
+    private OptionalDouble(double value) {
+        this.isPresent = true;
+        this.value = value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return an {@code OptionalDouble} with the specified value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the value to be present
+     * @return an {@code OptionalDouble} with the value present
+     */
+    public static OptionalDouble of(double value) {
+        return new OptionalDouble(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If a value is present in this {@code OptionalDouble}, returns the value,
+     * otherwise throws {@code NoSuchElementException}.
+     *
+     * @return the value held by this {@code OptionalDouble}
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no value present
+     *
+     * @see OptionalDouble#isPresent()
+     */
+    public double getAsDouble() {
+        if (!isPresent) {
+            throw new NoSuchElementException("No value present");
+        }
+        return value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}.
+     *
+     * @return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    public boolean isPresent() {
+        return isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Have the specified consumer accept the value if a value is present,
+     * otherwise do nothing.
+     *
+     * @param consumer block to be executed if a value is present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is present and {@code consumer} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public void ifPresent(DoubleConsumer consumer) {
+        if (isPresent)
+            consumer.accept(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise return {@code other}.
+     *
+     * @param other the value to be returned if there is no value present
+     * @return the value, if present, otherwise {@code other}
+     */
+    public double orElse(double other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise invoke {@code other} and return
+     * the result of that invocation.
+     *
+     * @param other a {@code DoubleSupplier} whose result is returned if no value
+     * is present
+     * @return the value if present otherwise the result of {@code other.getAsDouble()}
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is not present and {@code other} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public double orElseGet(DoubleSupplier other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other.getAsDouble();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the contained value, if present, otherwise throw an exception
+     * to be created by the provided supplier.
+     *
+     * @apiNote A method reference to the exception constructor with an empty
+     * argument list can be used as the supplier. For example,
+     * {@code IllegalStateException::new}
+     *
+     * @param <X> Type of the exception to be thrown
+     * @param exceptionSupplier The supplier which will return the exception to
+     * be thrown
+     * @return the present value
+     * @throws X if there is no value present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if no value is present and
+     * {@code exceptionSupplier} is null
+     */
+    public<X extends Throwable> double orElseThrow(Supplier<X> exceptionSupplier) throws X {
+        if (isPresent) {
+            return value;
+        } else {
+            throw exceptionSupplier.get();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this Optional. The
+     * other object is considered equal if:
+     * <ul>
+     * <li>it is also an {@code OptionalInt} and;
+     * <li>both instances have no value present or;
+     * <li>the present values are "equal to" each other via {@code Double.compare() == 0}.
+     * </ul>
+     *
+     * @param obj an object to be tested for equality
+     * @return {code true} if the other object is "equal to" this object
+     * otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+        if (this == obj) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (!(obj instanceof OptionalDouble)) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        OptionalDouble other = (OptionalDouble) obj;
+        return (isPresent && other.isPresent)
+               ? Double.compare(value, other.value) == 0
+               : isPresent == other.isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the hash code value of the present value, if any, or 0 (zero) if
+     * no value is present.
+     *
+     * @return hash code value of the present value or 0 if no value is present
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int hashCode() {
+        return isPresent ? Double.hashCode(value) : 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a non-empty string representation of this OptionalDouble suitable for
+     * debugging. The exact presentation format is unspecified and may vary
+     * between implementations and versions.
+     *
+     * @implSpec If a value is present the result must include its string
+     * representation in the result. Empty and present OptionalDoubless must be
+     * unambiguously differentiable.
+     *
+     * @return the string representation of this instance
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+        return isPresent
+                ? String.format("OptionalDouble[%s]", value)
+                : "OptionalDouble.empty";
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalInt.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,245 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
+ * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
+ * by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+package java.util;
+
+import java.util.function.IntConsumer;
+import java.util.function.IntSupplier;
+import java.util.function.Supplier;
+
+/**
+ * A container object which may or may not contain a {@code int} value.
+ * If a value is present, {@code isPresent()} will return {@code true} and
+ * {@code get()} will return the value.
+ *
+ * <p>Additional methods that depend on the presence or absence of a contained
+ * value are provided, such as {@link #orElse(int) orElse()}
+ * (return a default value if value not present) and
+ * {@link #ifPresent(java.util.function.IntConsumer) ifPresent()} (execute a block
+ * of code if the value is present).
+ *
+ * @since 1.8
+ */
+public final class OptionalInt {
+    /**
+     * Common instance for {@code empty()}.
+     */
+    private static final OptionalInt EMPTY = new OptionalInt();
+
+    /**
+     * If true then the value is present, otherwise indicates no value is present
+     */
+    private final boolean isPresent;
+    private final int value;
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an empty instance.
+     *
+     * @implNote Generally only one empty instance, {@link OptionalInt#EMPTY},
+     * should exist per VM.
+     */
+    private OptionalInt() {
+        this.isPresent = false;
+        this.value = 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns an empty {@code OptionalInt} instance.  No value is present for this
+     * OptionalInt.
+     *
+     * @apiNote Though it may be tempting to do so, avoid testing if an object
+     * is empty by comparing with {@code ==} against instances returned by
+     * {@code Option.empty()}. There is no guarantee that it is a singleton.
+     * Instead, use {@link #isPresent()}.
+     *
+     *  @return an empty {@code OptionalInt}
+     */
+    public static OptionalInt empty() {
+        return EMPTY;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an instance with the value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the int value to be present
+     */
+    private OptionalInt(int value) {
+        this.isPresent = true;
+        this.value = value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return an {@code OptionalInt} with the specified value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the value to be present
+     * @return an {@code OptionalInt} with the value present
+     */
+    public static OptionalInt of(int value) {
+        return new OptionalInt(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If a value is present in this {@code OptionalInt}, returns the value,
+     * otherwise throws {@code NoSuchElementException}.
+     *
+     * @return the value held by this {@code OptionalInt}
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no value present
+     *
+     * @see OptionalInt#isPresent()
+     */
+    public int getAsInt() {
+        if (!isPresent) {
+            throw new NoSuchElementException("No value present");
+        }
+        return value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}.
+     *
+     * @return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    public boolean isPresent() {
+        return isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Have the specified consumer accept the value if a value is present,
+     * otherwise do nothing.
+     *
+     * @param consumer block to be executed if a value is present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is present and {@code consumer} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public void ifPresent(IntConsumer consumer) {
+        if (isPresent)
+            consumer.accept(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise return {@code other}.
+     *
+     * @param other the value to be returned if there is no value present
+     * @return the value, if present, otherwise {@code other}
+     */
+    public int orElse(int other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise invoke {@code other} and return
+     * the result of that invocation.
+     *
+     * @param other a {@code IntSupplier} whose result is returned if no value
+     * is present
+     * @return the value if present otherwise the result of {@code other.getAsInt()}
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is not present and {@code other} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public int orElseGet(IntSupplier other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other.getAsInt();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the contained value, if present, otherwise throw an exception
+     * to be created by the provided supplier.
+     *
+     * @apiNote A method reference to the exception constructor with an empty
+     * argument list can be used as the supplier. For example,
+     * {@code IllegalStateException::new}
+     *
+     * @param <X> Type of the exception to be thrown
+     * @param exceptionSupplier The supplier which will return the exception to
+     * be thrown
+     * @return the present value
+     * @throws X if there is no value present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if no value is present and
+     * {@code exceptionSupplier} is null
+     */
+    public<X extends Throwable> int orElseThrow(Supplier<X> exceptionSupplier) throws X {
+        if (isPresent) {
+            return value;
+        } else {
+            throw exceptionSupplier.get();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this Optional. The
+     * other object is considered equal if:
+     * <ul>
+     * <li>it is also an {@code OptionalInt} and;
+     * <li>both instances have no value present or;
+     * <li>the present values are "equal to" each other via {@code ==}.
+     * </ul>
+     *
+     * @param obj an object to be tested for equality
+     * @return {code true} if the other object is "equal to" this object
+     * otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+        if (this == obj) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (!(obj instanceof OptionalInt)) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        OptionalInt other = (OptionalInt) obj;
+        return (isPresent && other.isPresent)
+                ? value == other.value
+                : isPresent == other.isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the hash code value of the present value, if any, or 0 (zero) if
+     * no value is present.
+     *
+     * @return hash code value of the present value or 0 if no value is present
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int hashCode() {
+        return isPresent ? Integer.hashCode(value) : 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a non-empty string representation of this OptionalInt suitable for
+     * debugging. The exact presentation format is unspecified and may vary
+     * between implementations and versions.
+     *
+     * @implSpec If a value is present the result must include its string
+     * representation in the result. Empty and present OptionalInts must be
+     * unambiguously differentiable.
+     *
+     * @return the string representation of this instance
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+        return isPresent
+                ? String.format("OptionalInt[%s]", value)
+                : "OptionalInt.empty";
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/share/classes/java/util/OptionalLong.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,245 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
+ * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
+ * by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+package java.util;
+
+import java.util.function.LongConsumer;
+import java.util.function.LongSupplier;
+import java.util.function.Supplier;
+
+/**
+ * A container object which may or may not contain a {@code long} value.
+ * If a value is present, {@code isPresent()} will return {@code true} and
+ * {@code get()} will return the value.
+ *
+ * <p>Additional methods that depend on the presence or absence of a contained
+ * value are provided, such as {@link #orElse(long) orElse()}
+ * (return a default value if value not present) and
+ * {@link #ifPresent(java.util.function.LongConsumer) ifPresent()} (execute a block
+ * of code if the value is present).
+ *
+ * @since 1.8
+ */
+public final class OptionalLong {
+    /**
+     * Common instance for {@code empty()}.
+     */
+    private static final OptionalLong EMPTY = new OptionalLong();
+
+    /**
+     * If true then the value is present, otherwise indicates no value is present
+     */
+    private final boolean isPresent;
+    private final long value;
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an empty instance.
+     *
+     * @implNote generally only one empty instance, {@link OptionalLong#EMPTY},
+     * should exist per VM.
+     */
+    private OptionalLong() {
+        this.isPresent = false;
+        this.value = 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns an empty {@code OptionalLong} instance.  No value is present for this
+     * OptionalLong.
+     *
+     * @apiNote Though it may be tempting to do so, avoid testing if an object
+     * is empty by comparing with {@code ==} against instances returned by
+     * {@code Option.empty()}. There is no guarantee that it is a singleton.
+     * Instead, use {@link #isPresent()}.
+     *
+     *  @return an empty {@code OptionalLong}.
+     */
+    public static OptionalLong empty() {
+        return EMPTY;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Construct an instance with the value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the long value to be present
+     */
+    private OptionalLong(long value) {
+        this.isPresent = true;
+        this.value = value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return an {@code OptionalLong} with the specified value present.
+     *
+     * @param value the value to be present
+     * @return an {@code OptionalLong} with the value present
+     */
+    public static OptionalLong of(long value) {
+        return new OptionalLong(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * If a value is present in this {@code OptionalLong}, returns the value,
+     * otherwise throws {@code NoSuchElementException}.
+     *
+     * @return the value held by this {@code OptionalLong}
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no value present
+     *
+     * @see OptionalLong#isPresent()
+     */
+    public long getAsLong() {
+        if (!isPresent) {
+            throw new NoSuchElementException("No value present");
+        }
+        return value;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}.
+     *
+     * @return {@code true} if there is a value present, otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    public boolean isPresent() {
+        return isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Have the specified consumer accept the value if a value is present,
+     * otherwise do nothing.
+     *
+     * @param consumer block to be executed if a value is present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is present and {@code consumer} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public void ifPresent(LongConsumer consumer) {
+        if (isPresent)
+            consumer.accept(value);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise return {@code other}.
+     *
+     * @param other the value to be returned if there is no value present
+     * @return the value, if present, otherwise {@code other}
+     */
+    public long orElse(long other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the value if present, otherwise invoke {@code other} and return
+     * the result of that invocation.
+     *
+     * @param other a {@code LongSupplier} whose result is returned if no value
+     * is present
+     * @return the value if present otherwise the result of {@code other.getAsLong()}
+     * @throws NullPointerException if value is not present and {@code other} is
+     * null
+     */
+    public long orElseGet(LongSupplier other) {
+        return isPresent ? value : other.getAsLong();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Return the contained value, if present, otherwise throw an exception
+     * to be created by the provided supplier.
+     *
+     * @apiNote A method reference to the exception constructor with an empty
+     * argument list can be used as the supplier. For example,
+     * {@code IllegalStateException::new}
+     *
+     * @param <X> Type of the exception to be thrown
+     * @param exceptionSupplier The supplier which will return the exception to
+     * be thrown
+     * @return the present value
+     * @throws X if there is no value present
+     * @throws NullPointerException if no value is present and
+     * {@code exceptionSupplier} is null
+     */
+    public<X extends Throwable> long orElseThrow(Supplier<X> exceptionSupplier) throws X {
+        if (isPresent) {
+            return value;
+        } else {
+            throw exceptionSupplier.get();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this Optional. The
+     * other object is considered equal if:
+     * <ul>
+     * <li>it is also an {@code OptionalInt} and;
+     * <li>both instances have no value present or;
+     * <li>the present values are "equal to" each other via {@code ==}.
+     * </ul>
+     *
+     * @param obj an object to be tested for equality
+     * @return {code true} if the other object is "equal to" this object
+     * otherwise {@code false}
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+        if (this == obj) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (!(obj instanceof OptionalLong)) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        OptionalLong other = (OptionalLong) obj;
+        return (isPresent && other.isPresent)
+                ? value == other.value
+                : isPresent == other.isPresent;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the hash code value of the present value, if any, or 0 (zero) if
+     * no value is present.
+     *
+     * @return hash code value of the present value or 0 if no value is present
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int hashCode() {
+        return isPresent ? Long.hashCode(value) : 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a non-empty string representation of this OptionalLong suitable for
+     * debugging. The exact presentation format is unspecified and may vary
+     * between implementations and versions.
+     *
+     * @implSpec If a value is present the result must include its string
+     * representation in the result. Empty and present OptionalLongs must be
+     * unambiguously differentiable.
+     *
+     * @return the string representation of this instance
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+        return isPresent
+                ? String.format("OptionalLong[%s]", value)
+                : "OptionalLong.empty";
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Optional/Basic.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/* @test
+ * @summary Basic functional test of Optional
+ * @author Mike Duigou
+ * @run testng Basic
+ */
+
+import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
+import java.util.Optional;
+
+import static org.testng.Assert.*;
+import org.testng.annotations.Test;
+
+
+public class Basic {
+
+    @Test(groups = "unit")
+    public void testEmpty() {
+        Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+        Optional<String> presentEmptyString = Optional.of("");
+        Optional<Boolean> present = Optional.of(Boolean.TRUE);
+
+        // empty
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(Optional.empty()));
+        assertTrue(!empty.equals(present));
+        assertTrue(0 == empty.hashCode());
+        assertTrue(!empty.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(!empty.toString().equals(presentEmptyString.toString()));
+        assertTrue(!empty.isPresent());
+        empty.ifPresent(v -> { fail(); });
+        assertSame(null, empty.orElse(null));
+        RuntimeException orElse = new RuntimeException() { };
+        assertSame(Boolean.FALSE, empty.orElse(Boolean.FALSE));
+        assertSame(null, empty.orElseGet(()-> null));
+        assertSame(Boolean.FALSE, empty.orElseGet(()-> Boolean.FALSE));
+    }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NoSuchElementException.class)
+        public void testEmptyGet() {
+            Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+
+            Boolean got = empty.get();
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseGetNull() {
+            Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+
+            Boolean got = empty.orElseGet(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrowNull() throws Throwable {
+            Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+
+            Boolean got = empty.orElseThrow(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=ObscureException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrow() throws Exception {
+            Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+
+            Boolean got = empty.orElseThrow(ObscureException::new);
+        }
+
+        @Test(groups = "unit")
+        public void testPresent() {
+        Optional<Boolean> empty = Optional.empty();
+        Optional<String> presentEmptyString = Optional.of("");
+        Optional<Boolean> present = Optional.of(Boolean.TRUE);
+
+        // present
+        assertTrue(present.equals(present));
+        assertTrue(present.equals(Optional.of(Boolean.TRUE)));
+        assertTrue(!present.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(Boolean.TRUE.hashCode() == present.hashCode());
+        assertTrue(!present.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(!present.toString().equals(presentEmptyString.toString()));
+        assertTrue(-1 != present.toString().indexOf(Boolean.TRUE.toString()));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.get());
+        try {
+            present.ifPresent(v -> { throw new ObscureException(); });
+            fail();
+        } catch(ObscureException expected) {
+
+        }
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.orElse(null));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.orElse(Boolean.FALSE));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.orElseGet(null));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.orElseGet(()-> null));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.orElseGet(()-> Boolean.FALSE));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow( null));
+        assertSame(Boolean.TRUE, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(ObscureException::new));
+    }
+
+    private static class ObscureException extends RuntimeException {
+
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Optional/BasicDouble.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.0 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2.0 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2.0 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/* @test
+ * @summary Basic functional test of OptionalDouble
+ * @author Mike Duigou
+ * @run testng BasicDouble
+ */
+
+import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
+import java.util.OptionalDouble;
+
+import static org.testng.Assert.*;
+import org.testng.annotations.Test;
+
+
+public class BasicDouble {
+
+    @Test(groups = "unit")
+    public void testEmpty() {
+        OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+        OptionalDouble present = OptionalDouble.of(1.0);
+
+        // empty
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(OptionalDouble.empty()));
+        assertTrue(!empty.equals(present));
+        assertTrue(0 == empty.hashCode());
+        assertTrue(!empty.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(!empty.isPresent());
+        empty.ifPresent(v -> { fail(); });
+        assertEquals(2.0, empty.orElse(2.0));
+        assertEquals(2.0, empty.orElseGet(()-> 2.0));
+    }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NoSuchElementException.class)
+        public void testEmptyGet() {
+            OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+
+            double got = empty.getAsDouble();
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseGetNull() {
+            OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+
+            double got = empty.orElseGet(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrowNull() throws Throwable {
+            OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+
+            double got = empty.orElseThrow(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=ObscureException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrow() throws Exception {
+            OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+
+            double got = empty.orElseThrow(ObscureException::new);
+        }
+
+        @Test(groups = "unit")
+        public void testPresent() {
+        OptionalDouble empty = OptionalDouble.empty();
+        OptionalDouble present = OptionalDouble.of(1.0);
+
+        // present
+        assertTrue(present.equals(present));
+        assertFalse(present.equals(OptionalDouble.of(0.0)));
+        assertTrue(present.equals(OptionalDouble.of(1.0)));
+        assertTrue(!present.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(Double.hashCode(1.0) == present.hashCode());
+        assertFalse(present.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(-1 != present.toString().indexOf(Double.toString(present.getAsDouble()).toString()));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.getAsDouble());
+        try {
+            present.ifPresent(v -> { throw new ObscureException(); });
+            fail();
+        } catch(ObscureException expected) {
+
+        }
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.orElse(2.0));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.orElseGet(null));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.orElseGet(()-> 2.0));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.orElseGet(()-> 3.0));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(null));
+        assertEquals(1.0, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(ObscureException::new));
+    }
+
+    private static class ObscureException extends RuntimeException {
+
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Optional/BasicInt.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/* @test
+ * @summary Basic functional test of OptionalInt
+ * @author Mike Duigou
+ * @run testng BasicInt
+ */
+
+import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
+import java.util.OptionalInt;
+
+import static org.testng.Assert.*;
+import org.testng.annotations.Test;
+
+
+public class BasicInt {
+
+    @Test(groups = "unit")
+    public void testEmpty() {
+        OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+        OptionalInt present = OptionalInt.of(1);
+
+        // empty
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(OptionalInt.empty()));
+        assertTrue(!empty.equals(present));
+        assertTrue(0 == empty.hashCode());
+        assertTrue(!empty.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(!empty.isPresent());
+        empty.ifPresent(v -> { fail(); });
+        assertEquals(2, empty.orElse(2));
+        assertEquals(2, empty.orElseGet(()-> 2));
+    }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NoSuchElementException.class)
+        public void testEmptyGet() {
+            OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+
+            int got = empty.getAsInt();
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseGetNull() {
+            OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+
+            int got = empty.orElseGet(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrowNull() throws Throwable {
+            OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+
+            int got = empty.orElseThrow(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=ObscureException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrow() throws Exception {
+            OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+
+            int got = empty.orElseThrow(ObscureException::new);
+        }
+
+        @Test(groups = "unit")
+        public void testPresent() {
+        OptionalInt empty = OptionalInt.empty();
+        OptionalInt present = OptionalInt.of(1);
+
+        // present
+        assertTrue(present.equals(present));
+        assertFalse(present.equals(OptionalInt.of(0)));
+        assertTrue(present.equals(OptionalInt.of(1)));
+        assertFalse(present.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(Integer.hashCode(1) == present.hashCode());
+        assertFalse(present.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(-1 != present.toString().indexOf(Integer.toString(present.getAsInt()).toString()));
+        assertEquals(1, present.getAsInt());
+        try {
+            present.ifPresent(v -> { throw new ObscureException(); });
+            fail();
+        } catch(ObscureException expected) {
+
+        }
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElse(2));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(null));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(()-> 2));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(()-> 3));
+        assertEquals(1, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(null));
+        assertEquals(1, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(ObscureException::new));
+    }
+
+    private static class ObscureException extends RuntimeException {
+
+    }
+}
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/test/java/util/Optional/BasicLong.java	Tue Mar 19 16:05:34 2013 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
+ *
+ * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
+ * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
+ * accompanied this code).
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ *
+ * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
+ * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
+ * questions.
+ */
+
+/* @test
+ * @summary Basic functional test of OptionalLong
+ * @author Mike Duigou
+ * @run testng BasicLong
+ */
+
+import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
+import java.util.OptionalLong;
+
+import static org.testng.Assert.*;
+import org.testng.annotations.Test;
+
+
+public class BasicLong {
+
+    @Test(groups = "unit")
+    public void testEmpty() {
+        OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+        OptionalLong present = OptionalLong.of(1);
+
+        // empty
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(empty.equals(OptionalLong.empty()));
+        assertTrue(!empty.equals(present));
+        assertTrue(0 == empty.hashCode());
+        assertTrue(!empty.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(!empty.isPresent());
+        empty.ifPresent(v -> { fail(); });
+        assertEquals(2, empty.orElse(2));
+        assertEquals(2, empty.orElseGet(()-> 2));
+    }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NoSuchElementException.class)
+        public void testEmptyGet() {
+            OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+
+            long got = empty.getAsLong();
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseGetNull() {
+            OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+
+            long got = empty.orElseGet(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=NullPointerException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrowNull() throws Throwable {
+            OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+
+            long got = empty.orElseThrow(null);
+        }
+
+        @Test(expectedExceptions=ObscureException.class)
+        public void testEmptyOrElseThrow() throws Exception {
+            OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+
+            long got = empty.orElseThrow(ObscureException::new);
+        }
+
+        @Test(groups = "unit")
+        public void testPresent() {
+        OptionalLong empty = OptionalLong.empty();
+        OptionalLong present = OptionalLong.of(1L);
+
+        // present
+        assertTrue(present.equals(present));
+        assertFalse(present.equals(OptionalLong.of(0L)));
+        assertTrue(present.equals(OptionalLong.of(1L)));
+        assertFalse(present.equals(empty));
+        assertTrue(Long.hashCode(1) == present.hashCode());
+        assertFalse(present.toString().isEmpty());
+        assertTrue(-1 != present.toString().indexOf(Long.toString(present.getAsLong()).toString()));
+        assertEquals(1L, present.getAsLong());
+        try {
+            present.ifPresent(v -> { throw new ObscureException(); });
+            fail();
+        } catch(ObscureException expected) {
+
+        }
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElse(2));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(null));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(()-> 2));
+        assertEquals(1, present.orElseGet(()-> 3));
+        assertEquals(1, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(null));
+        assertEquals(1, present.<RuntimeException>orElseThrow(ObscureException::new));
+    }
+
+    private static class ObscureException extends RuntimeException {
+
+    }
+}