view src/share/vm/interpreter/rewriter.cpp @ 726:be93aad57795

6655646: dynamic languages need dynamically linked call sites Summary: invokedynamic instruction (JSR 292 RI) Reviewed-by: twisti, never
author jrose
date Tue, 21 Apr 2009 23:21:04 -0700
parents 0fbdb4381b99
children 75596850f863
line wrap: on
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/*
 * Copyright 1998-2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara,
 * CA 95054 USA or visit www.sun.com if you need additional information or
 * have any questions.
 *
 */

# include "incls/_precompiled.incl"
# include "incls/_rewriter.cpp.incl"

// Computes a CPC map (new_index -> original_index) for constant pool entries
// that are referred to by the interpreter at runtime via the constant pool cache.
// Also computes a CP map (original_index -> new_index).
// Marks entries in CP which require additional processing.
void Rewriter::compute_index_maps() {
  const int length  = _pool->length();
  init_cp_map(length);
  for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    int tag = _pool->tag_at(i).value();
    switch (tag) {
      case JVM_CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref:
      case JVM_CONSTANT_Fieldref          : // fall through
      case JVM_CONSTANT_Methodref         : // fall through
        add_cp_cache_entry(i);
        break;
    }
  }

  guarantee((int)_cp_cache_map.length()-1 <= (int)((u2)-1),
            "all cp cache indexes fit in a u2");
}


int Rewriter::add_extra_cp_cache_entry(int main_entry) {
  // Hack: We put it on the map as an encoded value.
  // The only place that consumes this is ConstantPoolCacheEntry::set_initial_state
  int encoded = constantPoolCacheOopDesc::encode_secondary_index(main_entry);
  int plain_secondary_index = _cp_cache_map.append(encoded);
  return constantPoolCacheOopDesc::encode_secondary_index(plain_secondary_index);
}



// Creates a constant pool cache given a CPC map
// This creates the constant pool cache initially in a state
// that is unsafe for concurrent GC processing but sets it to
// a safe mode before the constant pool cache is returned.
void Rewriter::make_constant_pool_cache(TRAPS) {
  const int length = _cp_cache_map.length();
  constantPoolCacheOop cache =
      oopFactory::new_constantPoolCache(length, methodOopDesc::IsUnsafeConc, CHECK);
  cache->initialize(_cp_cache_map);
  _pool->set_cache(cache);
  cache->set_constant_pool(_pool());
}



// The new finalization semantics says that registration of
// finalizable objects must be performed on successful return from the
// Object.<init> constructor.  We could implement this trivially if
// <init> were never rewritten but since JVMTI allows this to occur, a
// more complicated solution is required.  A special return bytecode
// is used only by Object.<init> to signal the finalization
// registration point.  Additionally local 0 must be preserved so it's
// available to pass to the registration function.  For simplicty we
// require that local 0 is never overwritten so it's available as an
// argument for registration.

void Rewriter::rewrite_Object_init(methodHandle method, TRAPS) {
  RawBytecodeStream bcs(method);
  while (!bcs.is_last_bytecode()) {
    Bytecodes::Code opcode = bcs.raw_next();
    switch (opcode) {
      case Bytecodes::_return: *bcs.bcp() = Bytecodes::_return_register_finalizer; break;

      case Bytecodes::_istore:
      case Bytecodes::_lstore:
      case Bytecodes::_fstore:
      case Bytecodes::_dstore:
      case Bytecodes::_astore:
        if (bcs.get_index() != 0) continue;

        // fall through
      case Bytecodes::_istore_0:
      case Bytecodes::_lstore_0:
      case Bytecodes::_fstore_0:
      case Bytecodes::_dstore_0:
      case Bytecodes::_astore_0:
        THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(),
                  "can't overwrite local 0 in Object.<init>");
        break;
    }
  }
}


// Rewrite a classfile-order CP index into a native-order CPC index.
int Rewriter::rewrite_member_reference(address bcp, int offset) {
  address p = bcp + offset;
  int  cp_index    = Bytes::get_Java_u2(p);
  int  cache_index = cp_entry_to_cp_cache(cp_index);
  Bytes::put_native_u2(p, cache_index);
  return cp_index;
}


void Rewriter::rewrite_invokedynamic(address bcp, int offset, int delete_me) {
  address p = bcp + offset;
  assert(p[-1] == Bytecodes::_invokedynamic, "");
  int cp_index = Bytes::get_Java_u2(p);
  int cpc  = maybe_add_cp_cache_entry(cp_index);  // add lazily
  int cpc2 = add_extra_cp_cache_entry(cpc);

  // Replace the trailing four bytes with a CPC index for the dynamic
  // call site.  Unlike other CPC entries, there is one per bytecode,
  // not just one per distinct CP entry.  In other words, the
  // CPC-to-CP relation is many-to-one for invokedynamic entries.
  // This means we must use a larger index size than u2 to address
  // all these entries.  That is the main reason invokedynamic
  // must have a five-byte instruction format.  (Of course, other JVM
  // implementations can use the bytes for other purposes.)
  Bytes::put_native_u4(p, cpc2);
  // Note: We use native_u4 format exclusively for 4-byte indexes.
}


// Rewrites a method given the index_map information
void Rewriter::scan_method(methodOop method) {

  int nof_jsrs = 0;
  bool has_monitor_bytecodes = false;

  {
    // We cannot tolerate a GC in this block, because we've
    // cached the bytecodes in 'code_base'. If the methodOop
    // moves, the bytecodes will also move.
    No_Safepoint_Verifier nsv;
    Bytecodes::Code c;

    // Bytecodes and their length
    const address code_base = method->code_base();
    const int code_length = method->code_size();

    int bc_length;
    for (int bci = 0; bci < code_length; bci += bc_length) {
      address bcp = code_base + bci;
      int prefix_length = 0;
      c = (Bytecodes::Code)(*bcp);

      // Since we have the code, see if we can get the length
      // directly. Some more complicated bytecodes will report
      // a length of zero, meaning we need to make another method
      // call to calculate the length.
      bc_length = Bytecodes::length_for(c);
      if (bc_length == 0) {
        bc_length = Bytecodes::length_at(bcp);

        // length_at will put us at the bytecode after the one modified
        // by 'wide'. We don't currently examine any of the bytecodes
        // modified by wide, but in case we do in the future...
        if (c == Bytecodes::_wide) {
          prefix_length = 1;
          c = (Bytecodes::Code)bcp[1];
        }
      }

      assert(bc_length != 0, "impossible bytecode length");

      switch (c) {
        case Bytecodes::_lookupswitch   : {
#ifndef CC_INTERP
          Bytecode_lookupswitch* bc = Bytecode_lookupswitch_at(bcp);
          bc->set_code(
            bc->number_of_pairs() < BinarySwitchThreshold
            ? Bytecodes::_fast_linearswitch
            : Bytecodes::_fast_binaryswitch
          );
#endif
          break;
        }
        case Bytecodes::_getstatic      : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_putstatic      : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_getfield       : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_putfield       : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_invokevirtual  : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_invokespecial  : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_invokestatic   :
        case Bytecodes::_invokeinterface:
          rewrite_member_reference(bcp, prefix_length+1);
          break;
        case Bytecodes::_invokedynamic:
          rewrite_invokedynamic(bcp, prefix_length+1, int(sizeof"@@@@DELETE ME"));
          break;
        case Bytecodes::_jsr            : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_jsr_w          : nof_jsrs++;                   break;
        case Bytecodes::_monitorenter   : // fall through
        case Bytecodes::_monitorexit    : has_monitor_bytecodes = true; break;
      }
    }
  }

  // Update access flags
  if (has_monitor_bytecodes) {
    method->set_has_monitor_bytecodes();
  }

  // The present of a jsr bytecode implies that the method might potentially
  // have to be rewritten, so we run the oopMapGenerator on the method
  if (nof_jsrs > 0) {
    method->set_has_jsrs();
    // Second pass will revisit this method.
    assert(method->has_jsrs(), "");
  }
}

// After constant pool is created, revisit methods containing jsrs.
methodHandle Rewriter::rewrite_jsrs(methodHandle method, TRAPS) {
  ResolveOopMapConflicts romc(method);
  methodHandle original_method = method;
  method = romc.do_potential_rewrite(CHECK_(methodHandle()));
  if (method() != original_method()) {
    // Insert invalid bytecode into original methodOop and set
    // interpreter entrypoint, so that a executing this method
    // will manifest itself in an easy recognizable form.
    address bcp = original_method->bcp_from(0);
    *bcp = (u1)Bytecodes::_shouldnotreachhere;
    int kind = Interpreter::method_kind(original_method);
    original_method->set_interpreter_kind(kind);
  }

  // Update monitor matching info.
  if (romc.monitor_safe()) {
    method->set_guaranteed_monitor_matching();
  }

  return method;
}


void Rewriter::rewrite(instanceKlassHandle klass, TRAPS) {
  ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
  Rewriter     rw(klass, CHECK);
  // (That's all, folks.)
}

Rewriter::Rewriter(instanceKlassHandle klass, TRAPS)
  : _klass(klass),
    // gather starting points
    _pool(   THREAD, klass->constants()),
    _methods(THREAD, klass->methods())
{
  assert(_pool->cache() == NULL, "constant pool cache must not be set yet");

  // determine index maps for methodOop rewriting
  compute_index_maps();

  if (RegisterFinalizersAtInit && _klass->name() == vmSymbols::java_lang_Object()) {
    int i = _methods->length();
    while (i-- > 0) {
      methodOop method = (methodOop)_methods->obj_at(i);
      if (method->intrinsic_id() == vmIntrinsics::_Object_init) {
        // rewrite the return bytecodes of Object.<init> to register the
        // object for finalization if needed.
        methodHandle m(THREAD, method);
        rewrite_Object_init(m, CHECK);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // rewrite methods, in two passes
  int i, len = _methods->length();

  for (i = len; --i >= 0; ) {
    methodOop method = (methodOop)_methods->obj_at(i);
    scan_method(method);
  }

  // allocate constant pool cache, now that we've seen all the bytecodes
  make_constant_pool_cache(CHECK);

  for (i = len; --i >= 0; ) {
    methodHandle m(THREAD, (methodOop)_methods->obj_at(i));

    if (m->has_jsrs()) {
      m = rewrite_jsrs(m, CHECK);
      // Method might have gotten rewritten.
      _methods->obj_at_put(i, m());
    }

    // Set up method entry points for compiler and interpreter.
    m->link_method(m, CHECK);
  }
}