changeset 10898:996de9079c43

8200629: Update SQLite to version 3.23.0 Reviewed-by: kcr, mbilla
author arajkumar
date Fri, 13 Apr 2018 12:16:12 +0530
parents 3555fafbabf0
children d06276cd8a40
files modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/CMakeLists.txt modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/README modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/VERSION modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/sqlite3.c modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/sqlite3.h modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/sqlite3ext.h
diffstat 6 files changed, 111528 insertions(+), 35694 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- a/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/CMakeLists.txt	Tue Apr 10 19:04:51 2018 -0700
+++ b/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/CMakeLists.txt	Fri Apr 13 12:16:12 2018 +0530
@@ -2,5 +2,69 @@
     sqlite3.c
 )
 
+set(Sqlite_DEFINES
+    "SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1"
+
+    # The flags below are recommended in the SQLite documentation, and disable
+    # features we don't use.
+    "SQLITE_LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS"
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED"
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK"
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE"
+    "SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA"
+
+    # We don't use sqlite3_{enable_}load_extension().
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION"
+    # We don't use TCL variables.
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE"
+
+    # We don't use sqlite3_{profile,trace}().
+    "SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE"
+)
+
+if (WIN32)
+    set(Sqlite_COMPILE_FLAGS
+        # 'zTrace' unreferenced variable in src/vdbe.c
+        "/wd4101"
+    )
+elseif (APPLE)
+    set(Sqlite_COMPILE_FLAGS
+        "-Wno-incompatible-pointer-types-discards-qualifiers"
+
+        # lots of u8* to structure casts
+        "-Wno-cast-align"
+    )
+else ()
+    set(Sqlite_COMPILE_FLAGS
+        "-Wno-implicit-fallthrough"
+        "-Wno-discarded-qualifiers"
+
+        # some if cases has empty body
+        "-Wno-empty-body"
+    )
+    list(APPEND Sqlite_DEFINES
+      # Linux provides fdatasync(), a faster equivalent of fsync().
+      "fdatasync=fdatasync"
+    )
+endif ()
+
+if (UNIX)
+    list(APPEND Sqlite_DEFINES
+        "HAVE_USLEEP=1"
+        "USE_PREAD=1"
+    )
+
+    list(APPEND Sqlite_COMPILE_FLAGS
+        # some defs are used directly without checking whether it is defined
+        # or not.
+        "-Wno-undef"
+
+        # some parameter variables are unused
+        "-Wno-unused-parameter"
+    )
+endif ()
+
 add_library(SqliteJava STATIC ${Sqlite_SOURCES})
+target_compile_definitions(SqliteJava PRIVATE ${Sqlite_DEFINES})
+target_compile_options(SqliteJava PRIVATE ${Sqlite_COMPILE_FLAGS})
 
--- a/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/README	Tue Apr 10 19:04:51 2018 -0700
+++ /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
@@ -1,39 +0,0 @@
-This directory contains source code to 
-
-    SQLite: An Embeddable SQL Database Engine
-
-To compile the project, first create a directory in which to place
-the build products.  It is recommended, but not required, that the
-build directory be separate from the source directory.  Cd into the
-build directory and then from the build directory run the configure
-script found at the root of the source tree.  Then run "make".
-
-For example:
-
-    tar xzf sqlite.tar.gz    ;#  Unpack the source tree into "sqlite"
-    mkdir bld                ;#  Build will occur in a sibling directory
-    cd bld                   ;#  Change to the build directory
-    ../sqlite/configure      ;#  Run the configure script
-    make                     ;#  Run the makefile.
-    make install             ;#  (Optional) Install the build products
-
-The configure script uses autoconf 2.61 and libtool.  If the configure
-script does not work out for you, there is a generic makefile named
-"Makefile.linux-gcc" in the top directory of the source tree that you
-can copy and edit to suit your needs.  Comments on the generic makefile
-show what changes are needed.
-
-The linux binaries on the website are created using the generic makefile,
-not the configure script.  The windows binaries on the website are created
-using MinGW32 configured as a cross-compiler running under Linux.  For 
-details, see the ./publish.sh script at the top-level of the source tree.
-The developers do not use teh configure script.
-
-SQLite does not require TCL to run, but a TCL installation is required
-by the makefiles.  SQLite contains a lot of generated code and TCL is
-used to do much of that code generation.  The makefile also requires
-AWK.
-
-Contacts:
-
-   http://www.sqlite.org/
--- a/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/VERSION	Tue Apr 10 19:04:51 2018 -0700
+++ b/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/VERSION	Fri Apr 13 12:16:12 2018 +0530
@@ -1,1 +1,1 @@
-3.7.16.2
+3.23.0
--- a/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/sqlite3.c	Tue Apr 10 19:04:51 2018 -0700
+++ b/modules/javafx.web/src/main/native/Source/ThirdParty/sqlite/sqlite3.c	Fri Apr 13 12:16:12 2018 +0530
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 /******************************************************************************
 ** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
-** version 3.7.16.2.  By combining all the individual C code files into this
+** version 3.23.0.  By combining all the individual C code files into this
 ** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
 ** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
 ** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
@@ -22,12 +22,9 @@
 #ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
 # define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
 #endif
-#ifndef SQLITE_API
-# define SQLITE_API
-#endif
-/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
-/*
-** 2001 September 15
+/************** Begin file ctime.c *******************************************/
+/*
+** 2010 February 23
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
@@ -37,11 +34,890 @@
 **    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
 **
 *************************************************************************
+**
+** This file implements routines used to report what compile-time options
+** SQLite was built with.
+*/
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
+
+/*
+** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
+** autoconf-based build
+*/
+#if defined(_HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H) && !defined(SQLITECONFIG_H)
+#include "config.h"
+#define SQLITECONFIG_H 1
+#endif
+
+/* These macros are provided to "stringify" the value of the define
+** for those options in which the value is meaningful. */
+#define CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt) #opt
+#define CTIMEOPT_VAL(opt) CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt)
+
+/*
+** An array of names of all compile-time options.  This array should
+** be sorted A-Z.
+**
+** This array looks large, but in a typical installation actually uses
+** only a handful of compile-time options, so most times this array is usually
+** rather short and uses little memory space.
+*/
+static const char * const sqlite3azCompileOpt[] = {
+
+/*
+** BEGIN CODE GENERATED BY tool/mkctime.tcl
+*/
+#if SQLITE_32BIT_ROWID
+  "32BIT_ROWID",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC
+  "4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
+  "64BIT_STATS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
+  "ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ALLOW_URI_AUTHORITY
+  "ALLOW_URI_AUTHORITY",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_BITMASK_TYPE
+  "BITMASK_TYPE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_BITMASK_TYPE),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_BUG_COMPATIBLE_20160819
+  "BUG_COMPATIBLE_20160819",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
+  "CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
+  "CHECK_PAGES",
+#endif
+#if defined(__clang__) && defined(__clang_major__)
+  "COMPILER=clang-" CTIMEOPT_VAL(__clang_major__) "."
+                    CTIMEOPT_VAL(__clang_minor__) "."
+                    CTIMEOPT_VAL(__clang_patchlevel__),
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+  "COMPILER=msvc-" CTIMEOPT_VAL(_MSC_VER),
+#elif defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__VERSION__)
+  "COMPILER=gcc-" __VERSION__,
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
+  "COVERAGE_TEST",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEBUG
+  "DEBUG",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
+  "DEFAULT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
+  "DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
+  "DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_CKPTFULLFSYNC
+  "DEFAULT_CKPTFULLFSYNC",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT
+  "DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS
+  "DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS
+  "DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT
+  "DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE
+  "DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE
+  "DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS
+  "DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
+  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+  "DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ
+  "DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS
+  "DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS
+  "DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_ROWEST
+  "DEFAULT_ROWEST=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_ROWEST),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE
+  "DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS
+  "DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
+  "DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS
+  "DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS
+  "DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
+  "DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
+  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
+  "DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS4_DEFERRED
+  "DISABLE_FTS4_DEFERRED",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC
+  "DISABLE_INTRINSIC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
+  "DISABLE_LFS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS
+  "DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DISABLE_SKIPAHEAD_DISTINCT
+  "DISABLE_SKIPAHEAD_DISTINCT",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
+  "ENABLE_8_3_NAMES=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
+  "ENABLE_API_ARMOR",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
+  "ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
+  "ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
+  "ENABLE_CEROD=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
+  "ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
+  "ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
+  "ENABLE_COSTMULT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
+  "ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
+  "ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
+  "ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS1
+  "ENABLE_FTS1",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2
+  "ENABLE_FTS2",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
+  "ENABLE_FTS3",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS
+  "ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER
+  "ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
+  "ENABLE_FTS4",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
+  "ENABLE_FTS5",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS
+  "ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
+  "ENABLE_ICU",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+  "ENABLE_IOTRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
+  "ENABLE_JSON1",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION
+  "ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
+  "ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
+  "ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
+  "ENABLE_MEMSYS3",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
+  "ENABLE_MEMSYS5",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
+  "ENABLE_MULTIPLEX",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
+  "ENABLE_NULL_TRIM",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
+  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
+  "ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_QPSG
+  "ENABLE_QPSG",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_RBU
+  "ENABLE_RBU",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
+  "ENABLE_RTREE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE
+  "ENABLE_SELECTTRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION
+  "ENABLE_SESSION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
+  "ENABLE_SNAPSHOT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
+  "ENABLE_SQLLOG",
+#endif
+#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
+  "ENABLE_STAT4",
+#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
+  "ENABLE_STAT3",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
+  "ENABLE_STMTVTAB",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
+  "ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
+  "ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
+  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
+  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR
+  "ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
+  "ENABLE_VFSTRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE
+  "ENABLE_WHERETRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
+  "ENABLE_ZIPVFS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_EXPLAIN_ESTIMATED_ROWS
+  "EXPLAIN_ESTIMATED_ROWS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
+  "EXTRA_IFNULLROW",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT
+  "EXTRA_INIT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN
+  "EXTRA_SHUTDOWN=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_FTS3_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
+  "FTS3_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_FTS3_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_FTS5_ENABLE_TEST_MI
+  "FTS5_ENABLE_TEST_MI",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_FTS5_NO_WITHOUT_ROWID
+  "FTS5_NO_WITHOUT_ROWID",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
+  "HAS_CODEC",
+#endif
+#if HAVE_ISNAN || SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
+  "HAVE_ISNAN",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
+  "HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS
+  "IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
+  "IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_INLINE_MEMCPY
+  "INLINE_MEMCPY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
+  "INT64_TYPE",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
+  "INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS
+  "LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_LOCK_TRACE
+  "LOCK_TRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_LOG_CACHE_SPILL
+  "LOG_CACHE_SPILL",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT
+  "MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
+  "MAX_ATTACHED=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
+  "MAX_COLUMN=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
+  "MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+  "MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
+  "MAX_EXPR_DEPTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
+  "MAX_FUNCTION_ARG=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
+  "MAX_LENGTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
+  "MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_MEMORY
+  "MAX_MEMORY=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_MEMORY),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+  "MAX_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_
+  "MAX_MMAP_SIZE_=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
+  "MAX_PAGE_COUNT=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+  "MAX_PAGE_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY
+  "MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
+  "MAX_SQL_LENGTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
+  "MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
+  "MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
+  "MAX_VDBE_OP=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
+  "MAX_WORKER_THREADS=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
+  "MEMDEBUG",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT
+  "MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE
+  "MMAP_READWRITE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
+  "MUTEX_NOOP",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
+  "MUTEX_NREF",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
+  "MUTEX_OMIT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
+  "MUTEX_PTHREADS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
+  "MUTEX_W32",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_NEED_ERR_NAME
+  "NEED_ERR_NAME",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_NOINLINE
+  "NOINLINE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_NO_SYNC
+  "NO_SYNC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
+  "OMIT_ALTERTABLE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
+  "OMIT_ANALYZE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
+  "OMIT_ATTACH",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
+  "OMIT_AUTHORIZATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
+  "OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
+  "OMIT_AUTOINIT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
+  "OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET
+  "OMIT_AUTORESET",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
+  "OMIT_AUTOVACUUM",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
+  "OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
+  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
+  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
+  "OMIT_CAST",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
+  "OMIT_CHECK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
+  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
+  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_CONFLICT_CLAUSE
+  "OMIT_CONFLICT_CLAUSE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
+  "OMIT_CTE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
+  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
+  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
+  "OMIT_DEPRECATED",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
+  "OMIT_DISKIO",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
+  "OMIT_EXPLAIN",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
+  "OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
+  "OMIT_FLOATING_POINT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
+  "OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_GET_TABLE
+  "OMIT_GET_TABLE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
+  "OMIT_HEX_INTEGER",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
+  "OMIT_INCRBLOB",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
+  "OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
+  "OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+  "OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
+  "OMIT_LOCALTIME",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
+  "OMIT_LOOKASIDE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
+  "OMIT_MEMORYDB",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
+  "OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
+  "OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_PARSER_TRACE
+  "OMIT_PARSER_TRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
+  "OMIT_POPEN",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
+  "OMIT_PRAGMA",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
+  "OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
+  "OMIT_QUICKBALANCE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
+  "OMIT_REINDEX",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
+  "OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
+  "OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
+  "OMIT_SHARED_CACHE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_SHUTDOWN_DIRECTORIES
+  "OMIT_SHUTDOWN_DIRECTORIES",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
+  "OMIT_SUBQUERY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE
+  "OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
+  "OMIT_TEMPDB",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TEST_CONTROL
+  "OMIT_TEST_CONTROL",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
+  "OMIT_TRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
+  "OMIT_TRIGGER",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION
+  "OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
+  "OMIT_UTF16",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
+  "OMIT_VACUUM",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
+  "OMIT_VIEW",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+  "OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
+  "OMIT_WAL",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
+  "OMIT_WSD",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT
+  "OMIT_XFER_OPT",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
+  "PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
+  "PERFORMANCE_TRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
+  "POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING
+  "PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
+  "PROXY_DEBUG",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_REVERSE_UNORDERED_SELECTS
+  "REVERSE_UNORDERED_SELECTS",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
+  "RTREE_INT_ONLY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
+  "SECURE_DELETE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_SMALL_STACK
+  "SMALL_STACK",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ
+  "SORTER_PMASZ=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_SOUNDEX
+  "SOUNDEX",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
+  "STAT4_SAMPLES=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES),
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL
+  "STMTJRNL_SPILL=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_SUBSTR_COMPATIBILITY
+  "SUBSTR_COMPATIBILITY",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC
+  "SYSTEM_MALLOC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_TCL
+  "TCL",
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEMP_STORE
+  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_TEST
+  "TEST",
+#endif
+#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
+  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
+#elif defined(THREADSAFE)
+  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(THREADSAFE),
+#else
+  "THREADSAFE=1",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_UNLINK_AFTER_CLOSE
+  "UNLINK_AFTER_CLOSE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
+  "UNTESTABLE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
+  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
+  "USE_ALLOCA",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE
+  "USE_FCNTL_TRACE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_USE_URI
+  "USE_URI",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
+  "VDBE_COVERAGE",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
+  "WIN32_MALLOC",
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
+  "ZERO_MALLOC",
+#endif
+/*
+** END CODE GENERATED BY tool/mkctime.tcl
+*/
+};
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char **sqlite3CompileOptions(int *pnOpt){
+  *pnOpt = sizeof(sqlite3azCompileOpt) / sizeof(sqlite3azCompileOpt[0]);
+  return (const char**)sqlite3azCompileOpt;
+}
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */
+
+/************** End of ctime.c ***********************************************/
+/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
 ** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
 **
 */
-#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
-#define _SQLITEINT_H_
+#ifndef SQLITEINT_H
+#define SQLITEINT_H
+
+/* Special Comments:
+**
+** Some comments have special meaning to the tools that measure test
+** coverage:
+**
+**    NO_TEST                     - The branches on this line are not
+**                                  measured by branch coverage.  This is
+**                                  used on lines of code that actually
+**                                  implement parts of coverage testing.
+**
+**    OPTIMIZATION-IF-TRUE        - This branch is allowed to alway be false
+**                                  and the correct answer is still obtained,
+**                                  though perhaps more slowly.
+**
+**    OPTIMIZATION-IF-FALSE       - This branch is allowed to alway be true
+**                                  and the correct answer is still obtained,
+**                                  though perhaps more slowly.
+**
+**    PREVENTS-HARMLESS-OVERREAD  - This branch prevents a buffer overread
+**                                  that would be harmless and undetectable
+**                                  if it did occur.
+**
+** In all cases, the special comment must be enclosed in the usual
+** slash-asterisk...asterisk-slash comment marks, with no spaces between the
+** asterisks and the comment text.
+*/
+
+/*
+** Make sure the Tcl calling convention macro is defined.  This macro is
+** only used by test code and Tcl integration code.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_TCLAPI
+#  define SQLITE_TCLAPI
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Include the header file used to customize the compiler options for MSVC.
+** This should be done first so that it can successfully prevent spurious
+** compiler warnings due to subsequent content in this file and other files
+** that are included by this file.
+*/
+/************** Include msvc.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Begin file msvc.h ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2015 January 12
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains code that is specific to MSVC.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MSVC_H
+#define SQLITE_MSVC_H
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4054)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4055)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4127)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4130)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4152)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4189)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4210)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4232)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4244)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4305)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4306)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4702)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4706)
+#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) */
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_MSVC_H */
+
+/************** End of msvc.h ************************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/*
+** Special setup for VxWorks
+*/
+/************** Include vxworks.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
+/************** Begin file vxworks.h *****************************************/
+/*
+** 2015-03-02
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains code that is specific to Wind River's VxWorks
+*/
+#if defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
+/* This is VxWorks.  Set up things specially for that OS
+*/
+#include <vxWorks.h>
+#include <pthread.h>  /* amalgamator: dontcache */
+#define OS_VXWORKS 1
+#define SQLITE_OS_OTHER 0
+#define SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX 1
+#define SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION 1
+#define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
+#define HAVE_UTIME 1
+#else
+/* This is not VxWorks. */
+#define OS_VXWORKS 0
+#define HAVE_FCHOWN 1
+#define HAVE_READLINK 1
+#define HAVE_LSTAT 1
+#endif /* defined(_WRS_KERNEL) */
+
+/************** End of vxworks.h *********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 
 /*
 ** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
@@ -60,6 +936,11 @@
 ** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
 ** portability you should omit LFS.
 **
+** The previous paragraph was written in 2005.  (This paragraph is written
+** on 2008-11-28.) These days, all Linux kernels support large files, so
+** you should probably leave LFS enabled.  But some embedded platforms might
+** lack LFS in which case the SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS macro might still be useful.
+**
 ** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
@@ -70,239 +951,32 @@
 # define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
 #endif
 
-/*
-** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
-** autoconf-based build
-*/
-#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
-#include "config.h"
-#endif
-
-/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
-/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
-/*
-** 2007 May 7
-**
-** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
-** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
-**
-**    May you do good and not evil.
-**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
-**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
-**
-*************************************************************************
-**
-** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
-*/
-
-/*
-** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
-** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
-**
-** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
-** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** This is the maximum number of
-**
-**    * Columns in a table
-**    * Columns in an index
-**    * Columns in a view
-**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
-**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
-**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
-**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
-**
-** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
-** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
-** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
-** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
-** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
-# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
-**
-** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
-** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
-** to turn this limit off.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to
-** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might
-** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an
-** expression.
-**
-** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
-** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
-** at all times.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
-** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
-** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
-** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
-** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
-** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
-# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
-** Not currently enforced.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
-# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
-# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
-** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
-#endif
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
-** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
-** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
-** is used internally to track attached databases.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
-# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
-# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
-#endif
-
-/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
-** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
-**
-** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
-** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
-** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library
-** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database
-** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite
-** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback
-** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
-
-
-/*
-** The default size of a database page.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
-#endif
-#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
-** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
-** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
-** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
-** SQLite will choose on its own.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
-#endif
-#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
-**
-** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
-** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
-** max_page_count macro.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
-# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
-** operator.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
-**
-** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
-** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all
-** may be executed.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
-#endif
-
-/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
-/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
-
-/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
-#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
-#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
-#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
-#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
-#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
-#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
+/* The GCC_VERSION and MSVC_VERSION macros are used to
+** conditionally include optimizations for each of these compilers.  A
+** value of 0 means that compiler is not being used.  The
+** SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC macro means do not use any compiler-specific
+** optimizations, and hence set all compiler macros to 0
+**
+** There was once also a CLANG_VERSION macro.  However, we learn that the
+** version numbers in clang are for "marketing" only and are inconsistent
+** and unreliable.  Fortunately, all versions of clang also recognize the
+** gcc version numbers and have reasonable settings for gcc version numbers,
+** so the GCC_VERSION macro will be set to a correct non-zero value even
+** when compiling with clang.
+*/
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
+# define GCC_VERSION (__GNUC__*1000000+__GNUC_MINOR__*1000+__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
+#else
+# define GCC_VERSION 0
+#endif
+#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
+# define MSVC_VERSION _MSC_VER
+#else
+# define MSVC_VERSION 0
 #endif
 
 /* Needed for various definitions... */
-#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(_GNU_SOURCE)
 # define _GNU_SOURCE
 #endif
 
@@ -311,266 +985,45 @@
 #endif
 
 /*
-** Include standard header files as necessary
-*/
-#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
-#include <stdint.h>
-#endif
-#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
-#include <inttypes.h>
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
-** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
-** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
-** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
-**
-** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type.
-** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
-** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
-** that vary from one machine to the next.
-**
-** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
-** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
-** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
-** compiler.
-*/
-#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
-#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
-#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
-#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
-** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
-** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
-** level of threadsafety.  2 means the libary is multithreaded - multiple
-** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
-** database connection at the same time.
-**
-** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
-** We support that for legacy.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
-#if defined(THREADSAFE)
-# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
-#else
-# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
-#endif
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
-** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
-# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
-** It determines whether or not the features related to
-** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
-** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
-** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
-**
-**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
-**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
-**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
-**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
-**
-** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
-** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
-** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
-** assertion will be triggered.
-**
-** (Historical note:  There used to be several other options, but we've
-** pared it down to just these three.)
-**
-** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
-** the default.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
-# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
- are defined but at most one is allowed:\
- SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
- SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
-#endif
-#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
-# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
-** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
-# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
-#endif
-
-/*
-** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
-** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems.  But Mac OS X is different.
-** The _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X we are told,
-** so it is omitted there.  See ticket #2673.
-**
-** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
-** implemented on some systems.  So we avoid defining it at all
-** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
-** not doing a threadsafe build.  Ticket #2681.
-**
-** See also ticket #2741.
-*/
-#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) \
- && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
-#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500  /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
-# include <tcl.h>
-#endif
-
-/*
-** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
-** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
-** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
-**
-** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and run faster by disabling the
-** number assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
-** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
-** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
-** feature.
-*/
-#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
-# define NDEBUG 1
-#endif
-#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
-# undef NDEBUG
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When
-** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
-** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
-** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
-** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
-** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
-** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
-** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
-** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
-** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
-** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
-**
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
-SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
-# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
-#else
-# define testcase(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
-** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
-** within testcase() and assert() macros.
-*/
-#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
-# define TESTONLY(X)  X
-#else
-# define TESTONLY(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
-** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
-** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
-** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
-** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
-** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
-*/
-#ifndef NDEBUG
-# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
-#else
-# define VVA_ONLY(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which
-** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
-** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
-** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
-** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
-** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
-** hint of unplanned behavior.
-**
-** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
-**
-** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
-** be true and false so that the unreachable code then specify will
-** not be counted as untested code.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
-# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
-# define NEVER(X)       (0)
-#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
-# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
-# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
-#else
-# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
-# define NEVER(X)       (X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
-** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
-** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
-*/
-#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)
-
-/*
-** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
-** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
-** a boolean expression that is usually true.  GCC is able to
-** use these hints to generate better code, sometimes.
-*/
-#if defined(__GNUC__) && 0
-# define likely(X)    __builtin_expect((X),1)
-# define unlikely(X)  __builtin_expect((X),0)
-#else
-# define likely(X)    !!(X)
-# define unlikely(X)  !!(X)
-#endif
-
+** For MinGW, check to see if we can include the header file containing its
+** version information, among other things.  Normally, this internal MinGW
+** header file would [only] be included automatically by other MinGW header
+** files; however, the contained version information is now required by this
+** header file to work around binary compatibility issues (see below) and
+** this is the only known way to reliably obtain it.  This entire #if block
+** would be completely unnecessary if there was any other way of detecting
+** MinGW via their preprocessor (e.g. if they customized their GCC to define
+** some MinGW-specific macros).  When compiling for MinGW, either the
+** _HAVE_MINGW_H or _HAVE__MINGW_H (note the extra underscore) macro must be
+** defined; otherwise, detection of conditions specific to MinGW will be
+** disabled.
+*/
+#if defined(_HAVE_MINGW_H)
+# include "mingw.h"
+#elif defined(_HAVE__MINGW_H)
+# include "_mingw.h"
+#endif
+
+/*
+** For MinGW version 4.x (and higher), check to see if the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
+** define is required to maintain binary compatibility with the MSVC runtime
+** library in use (e.g. for Windows XP).
+*/
+#if !defined(_USE_32BIT_TIME_T) && !defined(_USE_64BIT_TIME_T) && \
+    defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_WIN64) && \
+    defined(__MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION) && __MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION >= 4 && \
+    defined(__MSVCRT__)
+# define _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
+#endif
+
+/* The public SQLite interface.  The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
+** first in QNX.  Also, the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T macro must appear first for
+** MinGW.
+*/
 /************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
 /************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
 /*
-** 2001 September 15
+** 2001-09-15
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
@@ -594,15 +1047,15 @@
 **
 ** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
 ** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
-** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
+** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
 **
 ** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
 ** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
 ** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
 ** part of the build process.
 */
-#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
-#define _SQLITE3_H_
+#ifndef SQLITE3_H
+#define SQLITE3_H
 #include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */
 
 /*
@@ -614,21 +1067,34 @@
 
 
 /*
-** Add the ability to override 'extern'
+** Provide the ability to override linkage features of the interface.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_EXTERN
 # define SQLITE_EXTERN extern
 #endif
-
 #ifndef SQLITE_API
 # define SQLITE_API
 #endif
-
+#ifndef SQLITE_CDECL
+# define SQLITE_CDECL
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_APICALL
+# define SQLITE_APICALL
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_STDCALL
+# define SQLITE_STDCALL SQLITE_APICALL
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_CALLBACK
+# define SQLITE_CALLBACK
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_SYSAPI
+# define SQLITE_SYSAPI
+#endif
 
 /*
 ** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
 ** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
-** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
+** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are supported for backwards
 ** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
 ** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
 **
@@ -666,37 +1132,40 @@
 ** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
 ** and Z will be reset to zero.
 **
-** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
+** Since [version 3.6.18] ([dateof:3.6.18]),
+** SQLite source code has been stored in the
 ** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
 ** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
 ** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
 ** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
-** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
-** hash of the entire source tree.
+** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and a SHA1
+** or SHA3-256 hash of the entire source tree.  If the source code has
+** been edited in any way since it was last checked in, then the last
+** four hexadecimal digits of the hash may be modified.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
 ** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
 ** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
 */
-#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.16.2"
-#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007016
-#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-04-12 11:52:43 cbea02d93865ce0e06789db95fd9168ebac970c7"
+#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.23.0"
+#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3023000
+#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-04-02 11:04:16 736b53f57f70b23172c30880186dce7ad9baa3b74e3838cae5847cffb98f5cd2"
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
 **
 ** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
 ** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
 ** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
 ** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
 ** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
-** the header, and thus insure that the application is
+** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
 ** compiled with matching library and header files.
 **
 ** <blockquote><pre>
 ** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
-** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
+** assert( strncmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID,80)==0 );
 ** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
 ** </pre></blockquote>)^
 **
@@ -706,9 +1175,11 @@
 ** function is provided for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have
 ** direct access to string constants within the DLL.  ^The
 ** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
-** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns
+** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^(The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns
 ** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
-** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
+** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.  Except if SQLite is built
+** using an edited copy of [the amalgamation], then the last four characters
+** of the hash might be different from [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID].)^
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
 */
@@ -772,7 +1243,7 @@
 ** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
 ** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
 ** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
-** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX].  ^(The return value of the
+** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED].  ^(The return value of the
 ** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
 ** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
 ** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
@@ -816,7 +1287,11 @@
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
   typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
-  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
+# ifdef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE
+    typedef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
+# else
+    typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
+# endif
 #elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
   typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
   typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
@@ -837,10 +1312,11 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
 ** for the [sqlite3] object.
-** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return SQLITE_OK if
+** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return [SQLITE_OK] if
 ** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
 ** resources are deallocated.
 **
@@ -848,7 +1324,7 @@
 ** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
 ** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
 ** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
-** and unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
+** and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
 ** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
 ** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
 ** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
@@ -861,7 +1337,7 @@
 ** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
 ** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
 ** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
-** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns SQLITE_OK but the deallocation
+** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns [SQLITE_OK] and the deallocation
 ** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
 ** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
 **
@@ -888,6 +1364,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenience wrapper around
 ** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()],
@@ -912,7 +1389,7 @@
 ** from [sqlite3_malloc()] and passed back through the 5th parameter.
 ** To avoid memory leaks, the application should invoke [sqlite3_free()]
 ** on error message strings returned through the 5th parameter of
-** of sqlite3_exec() after the error message string is no longer needed.
+** sqlite3_exec() after the error message string is no longer needed.
 ** ^If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL and no errors
 ** occur, then sqlite3_exec() sets the pointer in its 5th parameter to
 ** NULL before returning.
@@ -939,9 +1416,9 @@
 ** Restrictions:
 **
 ** <ul>
-** <li> The application must insure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
+** <li> The application must ensure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
 **      is a valid and open [database connection].
-** <li> The application must not close [database connection] specified by
+** <li> The application must not close the [database connection] specified by
 **      the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
 ** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
 **      the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
@@ -957,20 +1434,18 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
+** KEYWORDS: {result code definitions}
 **
 ** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
 ** here in order to indicate success or failure.
 **
 ** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
 **
-** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes],
-** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | result codes].
+** See also: [extended result code definitions]
 */
 #define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
 /* beginning-of-error-codes */
-#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
+#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* Generic error */
 #define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
 #define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
 #define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
@@ -985,7 +1460,7 @@
 #define SQLITE_FULL        13   /* Insertion failed because database is full */
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN    14   /* Unable to open the database file */
 #define SQLITE_PROTOCOL    15   /* Database lock protocol error */
-#define SQLITE_EMPTY       16   /* Database is empty */
+#define SQLITE_EMPTY       16   /* Internal use only */
 #define SQLITE_SCHEMA      17   /* The database schema changed */
 #define SQLITE_TOOBIG      18   /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT  19   /* Abort due to constraint violation */
@@ -993,36 +1468,34 @@
 #define SQLITE_MISUSE      21   /* Library used incorrectly */
 #define SQLITE_NOLFS       22   /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
 #define SQLITE_AUTH        23   /* Authorization denied */
-#define SQLITE_FORMAT      24   /* Auxiliary database format error */
+#define SQLITE_FORMAT      24   /* Not used */
 #define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
 #define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE      27   /* Notifications from sqlite3_log() */
+#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
 #define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
 #define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
 /* end-of-error-codes */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
-**
-** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
-** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
+** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
+**
+** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
+** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
 ** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
 ** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
-** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
+** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 [dateof:3.3.8]
+** and later) include
 ** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
-** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
+** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
 ** on a per database connection basis using the
-** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
-**
-** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
-** One may expect the number of extended result codes will be expand
-** over time.  Software that uses extended result codes should expect
-** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
-**
-** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
-** be exactly zero.
-*/
+** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
+** the most recent error can be obtained using
+** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
+*/
+#define SQLITE_ERROR_MISSING_COLLSEQ   (SQLITE_ERROR | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_ERROR_RETRY             (SQLITE_ERROR | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
@@ -1046,15 +1519,28 @@
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_VNODE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (27<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_AUTH              (SQLITE_IOERR | (28<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_BEGIN_ATOMIC      (SQLITE_IOERR | (29<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_COMMIT_ATOMIC     (SQLITE_IOERR | (30<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC   (SQLITE_IOERR | (31<<8))
 #define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
+#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTINIT       (SQLITE_READONLY | (5<<8))
+#define SQLITE_READONLY_DIRECTORY      (SQLITE_READONLY | (6<<8))
 #define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
@@ -1065,6 +1551,12 @@
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_AUTH_USER               (SQLITE_AUTH | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_OK_LOAD_PERMANENTLY     (SQLITE_OK | (1<<8))
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
@@ -1118,7 +1610,16 @@
 ** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
 ** file that were written at the application level might have changed
 ** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
-** guaranteed to be unchanged.
+** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
+** flag indicates that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
+** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
+** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
+** elevated privileges.
+**
+** The SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC property means that the underlying
+** filesystem supports doing multiple write operations atomically when those
+** write operations are bracketed by [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] and
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE].
 */
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
@@ -1133,6 +1634,8 @@
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL             0x00000400
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN  0x00000800
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    0x00001000
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE              0x00002000
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC           0x00004000
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
@@ -1239,7 +1742,7 @@
 ** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
 ** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
 ** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
-** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
+** A [file control opcodes | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
 ** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
 ** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
 ** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
@@ -1264,6 +1767,10 @@
 ** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
 ** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
 ** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC]
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
@@ -1304,24 +1811,30 @@
   void (*xShmBarrier)(sqlite3_file*);
   int (*xShmUnmap)(sqlite3_file*, int deleteFlag);
   /* Methods above are valid for version 2 */
+  int (*xFetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, int iAmt, void **pp);
+  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
+  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
   /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
 };
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
+** KEYWORDS: {file control opcodes} {file control opcode}
 **
 ** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
 ** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
 ** interface.
 **
+** <ul>
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
 ** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
 ** the lock (one of [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE], [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
 ** [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED], [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE])
 ** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
-** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
-** is defined.
-** <ul>
+** is used during testing and is only available when the SQLITE_TEST
+** compile-time option is used.
+**
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
 ** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
@@ -1342,19 +1855,38 @@
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
 ** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with a particular database
-** connection.  See the [sqlite3_file_control()] documentation for
-** additional information.
+** connection.  See also [SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
+** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with the journal file (either
+** the [rollback journal] or the [write-ahead log]) for a particular database
+** connection.  See also [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER].
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED]]
-** ^(The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED] opcode is generated internally by
-** SQLite and sent to all VFSes in place of a call to the xSync method
-** when the database connection has [PRAGMA synchronous] set to OFF.)^
-** Some specialized VFSes need this signal in order to operate correctly
-** when [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] is set, but most
-** VFSes do not need this signal and should silently ignore this opcode.
-** Applications should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this
-** opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes
-** that do require it.
+** No longer in use.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC] opcode is generated internally by SQLite and
+** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
+** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked
+** because the user has configured SQLite with
+** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place
+** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
+** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
+** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
+** string containing the transactions master-journal file name. VFSes that
+** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications
+** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may
+** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
+** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
+** but before the database is unlocked. VFSes that do not need this signal
+** should silently ignore this opcode. Applications should not call
+** [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may disrupt the
+** operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY]]
 ** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY] opcode is used to configure automatic
@@ -1367,7 +1899,7 @@
 ** opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay)
 ** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
 ** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
-** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
+** integers where the first integer is the new retry count and the second
 ** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
 ** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
 ** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
@@ -1416,6 +1948,15 @@
 ** pointer in case this file-control is not implemented.  This file-control
 ** is intended for diagnostic use only.
 **
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER]]
+** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER] opcode finds a pointer to the top-level
+** [VFSes] currently in use.  ^(The argument X in
+** sqlite3_file_control(db,SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER,X) must be
+** of type "[sqlite3_vfs] **".  This opcodes will set *X
+** to a pointer to the top-level VFS.)^
+** ^When there are multiple VFS shims in the stack, this opcode finds the
+** upper-most shim only.
+**
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]]
 ** ^Whenever a [PRAGMA] statement is parsed, an [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
 ** file control is sent to the open [sqlite3_file] object corresponding
@@ -1432,7 +1973,9 @@
 ** [PRAGMA] processing continues.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
 ** file control returns [SQLITE_OK], then the parser assumes that the
 ** VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op
-** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
+** prepared statement if result string is NULL, or that returns a copy
+** of the result string if the string is non-NULL.
+** ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
 ** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
 ** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
 ** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
@@ -1440,7 +1983,8 @@
 ** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]]
-** ^This file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
+** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]
+** file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
 ** shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access
 ** to the connections busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void **)
 ** - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points
@@ -1451,19 +1995,111 @@
 ** current operation.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME]]
-** ^Application can invoke this file-control to have SQLite generate a
+** ^Application can invoke the [SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME] file-control
+** to have SQLite generate a
 ** temporary filename using the same algorithm that is followed to generate
 ** temporary filenames for TEMP tables and other internal uses.  The
 ** argument should be a char** which will be filled with the filename
 ** written into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].  The caller should
 ** invoke [sqlite3_free()] on the result to avoid a memory leak.
 **
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control is used to query or set the
+** maximum number of bytes that will be used for memory-mapped I/O.
+** The argument is a pointer to a value of type sqlite3_int64 that
+** is an advisory maximum number of bytes in the file to memory map.  The
+** pointer is overwritten with the old value.  The limit is not changed if
+** the value originally pointed to is negative, and so the current limit
+** can be queried by passing in a pointer to a negative number.  This
+** file-control is used internally to implement [PRAGMA mmap_size].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
+** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
+** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
+** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
+** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
+** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
+** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
+** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
+** was first opened.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE] opcode can be used to obtain the
+** underlying native file handle associated with a file handle.  This file
+** control interprets its argument as a pointer to a native file handle and
+** writes the resulting value there.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
+** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
+** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
+** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK] is a signal to the VFS layer that it might
+** be advantageous to block on the next WAL lock if the lock is not immediately
+** available.  The WAL subsystem issues this signal during rare
+** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
+** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
+** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
+** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
+** this opcode.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
+** If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode returns SQLITE_OK, then
+** the file descriptor is placed in "batch write mode", which
+** means all subsequent write operations will be deferred and done
+** atomically at the next [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE].  Systems
+** that do not support batch atomic writes will return SQLITE_NOTFOUND.
+** ^Following a successful SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE and prior to
+** the closing [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE] or
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE], SQLite will make
+** no VFS interface calls on the same [sqlite3_file] file descriptor
+** except for calls to the xWrite method and the xFileControl method
+** with [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode causes all write
+** operations since the previous successful call to
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] to be performed atomically.
+** This file control returns [SQLITE_OK] if and only if the writes were
+** all performed successfully and have been committed to persistent storage.
+** ^Regardless of whether or not it is successful, this file control takes
+** the file descriptor out of batch write mode so that all subsequent
+** write operations are independent.
+** ^SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE without
+** a prior successful call to [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode causes all write
+** operations since the previous successful call to
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] to be rolled back.
+** ^This file control takes the file descriptor out of batch write mode
+** so that all subsequent write operations are independent.
+** ^SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE without
+** a prior successful call to [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT] opcode causes attempts to obtain
+** a file lock using the xLock or xShmLock methods of the VFS to wait
+** for up to M milliseconds before failing, where M is the single
+** unsigned integer parameter.
 ** </ul>
 */
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
-#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
-#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
-#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER            7
@@ -1476,6 +2112,29 @@
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE       29
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PDB                    30
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE     31
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE    32
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE  33
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT           34
+
+/* deprecated names */
+#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
+#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
+#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO
+
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
@@ -1490,6 +2149,16 @@
 typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: Loadable Extension Thunk
+**
+** A pointer to the opaque sqlite3_api_routines structure is passed as
+** the third parameter to entry points of [loadable extensions].  This
+** structure must be typedefed in order to work around compiler warnings
+** on some platforms.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_api_routines sqlite3_api_routines;
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
 **
 ** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
@@ -1497,12 +2166,18 @@
 ** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".  See
 ** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
 **
-** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in
-** future versions of SQLite.  Additional fields may be appended to this
-** object when the iVersion value is increased.  Note that the structure
-** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transaction between
-** SQLite version 3.5.9 and 3.6.0 and yet the iVersion field was not
-** modified.
+** The VFS interface is sometimes extended by adding new methods onto
+** the end.  Each time such an extension occurs, the iVersion field
+** is incremented.  The iVersion value started out as 1 in
+** SQLite [version 3.5.0] on [dateof:3.5.0], then increased to 2
+** with SQLite [version 3.7.0] on [dateof:3.7.0], and then increased
+** to 3 with SQLite [version 3.7.6] on [dateof:3.7.6].  Additional fields
+** may be appended to the sqlite3_vfs object and the iVersion value
+** may increase again in future versions of SQLite.
+** Note that the structure
+** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transition from
+** SQLite [version 3.5.9] to [version 3.6.0] on [dateof:3.6.0]
+** and yet the iVersion field was not modified.
 **
 ** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
 ** structure used by this VFS.  mxPathname is the maximum length of
@@ -1682,7 +2357,7 @@
   const char *(*xNextSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName);
   /*
   ** The methods above are in versions 1 through 3 of the sqlite_vfs object.
-  ** New fields may be appended in figure versions.  The iVersion
+  ** New fields may be appended in future versions.  The iVersion
   ** value will increment whenever this happens.
   */
 };
@@ -1727,7 +2402,7 @@
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
-** was given no the corresponding lock.
+** was given on the corresponding lock.
 **
 ** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
 ** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE.  It cannot transition between SHARED
@@ -1838,9 +2513,11 @@
 ** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary.  It is
 ** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
 **
-** The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe.  The application
-** must insure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
-** threads while sqlite3_config() is running.  Furthermore, sqlite3_config()
+** <b>The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe. The application
+** must ensure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
+** threads while sqlite3_config() is running.</b>
+**
+** The sqlite3_config() interface
 ** may only be invoked prior to library initialization using
 ** [sqlite3_initialize()] or after shutdown by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
 ** ^If sqlite3_config() is called after [sqlite3_initialize()] and before
@@ -1862,6 +2539,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
 ** changes to a [database connection].  The interface is similar to
@@ -1920,7 +2598,7 @@
 ** or [sqlite3_realloc()] first calls xRoundup.  If xRoundup returns 0,
 ** that causes the corresponding memory allocation to fail.
 **
-** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  (For example,
+** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
 ** it might allocate any require mutexes or initialize internal data
 ** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
 ** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
@@ -2010,31 +2688,43 @@
 ** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC option takes a single argument which is
+** a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
+** The argument specifies
 ** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
 ** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
 ** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
 ** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
+** The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
 ** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
 ** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
 ** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
 ** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
 **
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC</dt>
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC option takes single argument of
+** type int, interpreted as a boolean, which if true provides a hint to
+** SQLite that it should avoid large memory allocations if possible.
+** SQLite will run faster if it is free to make large memory allocations,
+** but some application might prefer to run slower in exchange for
+** guarantees about memory fragmentation that are possible if large
+** allocations are avoided.  This hint is normally off.
+** </dd>
+**
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a
-** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation
-** statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the
-** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int,
+** interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of
+** memory allocation statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are
+** disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
 **   <ul>
 **   <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
 **   <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
 **   <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
-**   <li> [sqlite3_status()]
+**   <li> [sqlite3_status64()]
 **   </ul>)^
 ** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
 ** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
@@ -2042,53 +2732,53 @@
 ** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** scratch memory.  There are three arguments:  A pointer an 8-byte
-** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
-** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
-** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).  The sz
-** argument must be a multiple of 16.
-** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
-** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use no more than two scratch buffers per thread.  So
-** N should be set to twice the expected maximum number of threads.
-** ^SQLite will never require a scratch buffer that is more than 6
-** times the database page size. ^If SQLite needs needs additional
-** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then
-** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.</dd>
+** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option is no longer used.
+** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** the database page cache with the default page cache implementation.
-** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
-** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option.
-** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned
-** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a memory pool
+** that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page
+** cache implementation.
+** This configuration option is a no-op if an application-define page
+** cache implementation is loaded using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2].
+** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE: A pointer to
+** 8-byte aligned memory (pMem), the size of each page cache line (sz),
+** and the number of cache lines (N).
 ** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
-** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
-** page header.  ^The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on
-** the host architecture.  ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
-** to make sz a little too large.  The first
-** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
-** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache.  ^If additional
-** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
-** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
-** The pointer in the first argument must
-** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
-** will be undefined.</dd>
+** (a power of two between 512 and 65536) plus some extra bytes for each
+** page header.  ^The number of extra bytes needed by the page header
+** can be determined using [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ].
+** ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
+** for the sz parameter to be larger than necessary.  The pMem
+** argument must be either a NULL pointer or a pointer to an 8-byte
+** aligned block of memory of at least sz*N bytes, otherwise
+** subsequent behavior is undefined.
+** ^When pMem is not NULL, SQLite will strive to use the memory provided
+** to satisfy page cache needs, falling back to [sqlite3_malloc()] if
+** a page cache line is larger than sz bytes or if all of the pMem buffer
+** is exhausted.
+** ^If pMem is NULL and N is non-zero, then each database connection
+** does an initial bulk allocation for page cache memory
+** from [sqlite3_malloc()] sufficient for N cache lines if N is positive or
+** of -1024*N bytes if N is negative, . ^If additional
+** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by the initial
+** allocation, then SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] separately for each
+** additional cache line. </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
-** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
-** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
-** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer
+** that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs
+** beyond those provided for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
+** ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled
+** with either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] and returns
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] if invoked otherwise.
+** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP:
+** An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
 ** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
 ** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
 ** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
 ** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
-** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
+** memory pointer is not NULL then the alternative memory
 ** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
 ** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
 ** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
@@ -2096,11 +2786,11 @@
 ** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
-** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
-** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX option takes a single argument which is a
+** pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.
+** The argument specifies alternative low-level mutex routines to be used
+** in place the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of
+** the content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
 ** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
 ** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
 ** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
@@ -2108,8 +2798,8 @@
 ** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
 ** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
 ** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
 ** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
@@ -2121,28 +2811,30 @@
 ** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes two arguments that determine the default
-** memory allocation for the lookaside memory allocator on each
-** [database connection].  The first argument is the
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE option takes two arguments that determine
+** the default size of lookaside memory on each [database connection].
+** The first argument is the
 ** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
-** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(This option sets the
-** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
-** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
+** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE
+** sets the <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
+** option to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
 ** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
-** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies the interface
-** to a custom page cache implementation.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option takes a single argument which is
+** a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies
+** the interface to a custom page cache implementation.)^
+** ^SQLite makes a copy of the [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of the current
-** page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of
+** the current page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
-** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
+** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option is used to configure the SQLite
+** global [error log].
+** (^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
 ** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*),
 ** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
 ** invoked by [sqlite3_log()] to process each logging event.  ^If the
@@ -2160,27 +2852,29 @@
 ** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
-** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
-** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
-** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
-** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
+** <dd>^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_URI option takes a single argument of type int.
+** If non-zero, then URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero,
+** then URI handling is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally
+** enabled, all filenames passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()],
+** [sqlite3_open16()] or
 ** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
 ** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
-** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
+** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
 ** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
-** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
+** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
 ** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
-** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
+** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
-** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
-** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
-** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN option takes a single integer
+** argument which is interpreted as a boolean in order to enable or disable
+** the use of covering indices for full table scans in the query optimizer.
+** ^The default setting is determined
 ** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
 ** if that compile-time option is omitted.
 ** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
 ** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
-** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
+** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
 ** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
 ** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
 **
@@ -2188,12 +2882,12 @@
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
 ** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
 ** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
-** </dl>
+** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG]]
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG
 ** <dd>This option is only available if sqlite is compiled with the
-** SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG pre-processor macro defined. The first argument should
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG] pre-processor macro defined. The first argument should
 ** be a pointer to a function of type void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*, int).
 ** The second should be of type (void*). The callback is invoked by the library
 ** in three separate circumstances, identified by the value passed as the
@@ -2203,7 +2897,63 @@
 ** fourth parameter is 1, then the SQL statement that the third parameter
 ** points to has just been executed. Or, if the fourth parameter is 2, then
 ** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
-** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.
+** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
+** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
+** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
+** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
+** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
+** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
+** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
+** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
+** will be silently truncated if necessary so that it does not exceed the
+** compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
+** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
+** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
+** changed to its compile-time default.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE option is only available if SQLite is
+** compiled for Windows with the [SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC] pre-processor macro
+** defined. ^SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value
+** that specifies the maximum size of the created heap.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option takes a single parameter which
+** is a pointer to an integer and writes into that integer the number of extra
+** bytes per page required for each page in [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
+** The amount of extra space required can change depending on the compiler,
+** target platform, and SQLite version.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ option takes a single parameter which
+** is an unsigned integer and sets the "Minimum PMA Size" for the multithreaded
+** sorter to that integer.  The default minimum PMA Size is set by the
+** [SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ] compile-time option.  New threads are launched
+** to help with sort operations when multithreaded sorting
+** is enabled (using the [PRAGMA threads] command) and the amount of content
+** to be sorted exceeds the page size times the minimum of the
+** [PRAGMA cache_size] setting and this value.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL option takes a single parameter which
+** becomes the [statement journal] spill-to-disk threshold.
+** [Statement journals] are held in memory until their size (in bytes)
+** exceeds this threshold, at which point they are written to disk.
+** Or if the threshold is -1, statement journals are always held
+** exclusively in memory.
+** Since many statement journals never become large, setting the spill
+** threshold to a value such as 64KiB can greatly reduce the amount of
+** I/O required to support statement rollback.
+** The default value for this setting is controlled by the
+** [SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL] compile-time option.
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
@@ -2211,7 +2961,7 @@
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* No longer used */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE     7  /* void*, int sz, int N */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP          8  /* void*, int nByte, int min */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS     9  /* boolean */
@@ -2227,6 +2977,12 @@
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2   19  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL      26  /* int nByte */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC        27  /* boolean */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
@@ -2284,15 +3040,101 @@
 ** following this call.  The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
 ** which case the trigger setting is not reported back. </dd>
 **
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER</dt>
+** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the two-argument
+** version of the [fts3_tokenizer()] function which is part of the
+** [FTS3] full-text search engine extension.
+** There should be two additional arguments.
+** The first argument is an integer which is 0 to disable fts3_tokenizer() or
+** positive to enable fts3_tokenizer() or negative to leave the setting
+** unchanged.
+** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
+** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether fts3_tokenizer is disabled or enabled
+** following this call.  The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
+** which case the new setting is not reported back. </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION</dt>
+** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the [sqlite3_load_extension()]
+** interface independently of the [load_extension()] SQL function.
+** The [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] API enables or disables both the
+** C-API [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
+** There should be two additional arguments.
+** When the first argument to this interface is 1, then only the C-API is
+** enabled and the SQL function remains disabled.  If the first argument to
+** this interface is 0, then both the C-API and the SQL function are disabled.
+** If the first argument is -1, then no changes are made to state of either the
+** C-API or the SQL function.
+** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
+** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface
+** is disabled or enabled following this call.  The second parameter may
+** be a NULL pointer, in which case the new setting is not reported back.
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME</dt>
+** <dd> ^This option is used to change the name of the "main" database
+** schema.  ^The sole argument is a pointer to a constant UTF8 string
+** which will become the new schema name in place of "main".  ^SQLite
+** does not make a copy of the new main schema name string, so the application
+** must ensure that the argument passed into this DBCONFIG option is unchanged
+** until after the database connection closes.
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE</dt>
+** <dd> Usually, when a database in wal mode is closed or detached from a
+** database handle, SQLite checks if this will mean that there are now no
+** connections at all to the database. If so, it performs a checkpoint
+** operation before closing the connection. This option may be used to
+** override this behaviour. The first parameter passed to this operation
+** is an integer - positive to disable checkpoints-on-close, or zero (the
+** default) to enable them, and negative to leave the setting unchanged.
+** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer
+** into which is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether checkpoints-on-close
+** have been disabled - 0 if they are not disabled, 1 if they are.
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG</dt>
+** <dd>^(The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG option activates or deactivates
+** the [query planner stability guarantee] (QPSG).  When the QPSG is active,
+** a single SQL query statement will always use the same algorithm regardless
+** of values of [bound parameters].)^ The QPSG disables some query optimizations
+** that look at the values of bound parameters, which can make some queries
+** slower.  But the QPSG has the advantage of more predictable behavior.  With
+** the QPSG active, SQLite will always use the same query plan in the field as
+** was used during testing in the lab.
+** The first argument to this setting is an integer which is 0 to disable
+** the QPSG, positive to enable QPSG, or negative to leave the setting
+** unchanged. The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
+** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether the QPSG is disabled or enabled
+** following this call.
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP</dt>
+** <dd> By default, the output of EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN commands does not
+** include output for any operations performed by trigger programs. This
+** option is used to set or clear (the default) a flag that governs this
+** behavior. The first parameter passed to this operation is an integer -
+** positive to enable output for trigger programs, or zero to disable it,
+** or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
+** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which is written
+** 0 or 1 to indicate whether output-for-triggers has been disabled - 0 if
+** it is not disabled, 1 if it is.
+** </dd>
 ** </dl>
 */
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE       1001  /* void* int int */
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY     1002  /* int int* */
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER  1003  /* int int* */
-
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE      1006 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG           1007 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP           1008 /* int int* */
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAX                   1008 /* Largest DBCONFIG */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
 ** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
@@ -2302,27 +3144,40 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
-**
-** ^Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
+** has a unique 64-bit signed
 ** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
 ** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
 ** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
 ** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
 ** is another alias for the rowid.
 **
-** ^This routine returns the [rowid] of the most recent
-** successful [INSERT] into the database from the [database connection]
-** in the first argument.  ^As of SQLite version 3.7.7, this routines
-** records the last insert rowid of both ordinary tables and [virtual tables].
-** ^If no successful [INSERT]s
-** have ever occurred on that database connection, zero is returned.
-**
-** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
-** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
-** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
-** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned
-** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
-** table method began.)^
+** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface usually returns the [rowid] of
+** the most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
+** on database connection D. ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not
+** recorded. ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables have ever occurred
+** on the database connection D, then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns
+** zero.
+**
+** As well as being set automatically as rows are inserted into database
+** tables, the value returned by this function may be set explicitly by
+** [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()]
+**
+** Some virtual table implementations may INSERT rows into rowid tables as
+** part of committing a transaction (e.g. to flush data accumulated in memory
+** to disk). In this case subsequent calls to this function return the rowid
+** associated with these internal INSERT operations, which leads to
+** unintuitive results. Virtual table implementations that do write to rowid
+** tables in this way can avoid this problem by restoring the original
+** rowid value using [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()] before returning
+** control to the user.
+**
+** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger then this routine will
+** return the [rowid] of the inserted row as long as the trigger is
+** running. Once the trigger program ends, the value returned
+** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger was fired.)^
 **
 ** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
 ** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
@@ -2350,49 +3205,58 @@
 SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: Set the Last Insert Rowid value.
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** The sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(D, R) method allows the application to
+** set the value returned by calling sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) to R
+** without inserting a row into the database.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*,sqlite3_int64);
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
-** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
-** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
-** ^(Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
-** or [DELETE] statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by
-** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted.)^ Use the
-** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
-** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.
-**
-** ^Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]
-** are not counted.  Only real table changes are counted.
-**
-** ^(A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
-** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement.  Rows that
-** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
-** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
-** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.)^
-**
-** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
-** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger].
-** Most SQL statements are
-** evaluated outside of any trigger.  This is the "top level"
-** trigger context.  If a trigger fires from the top level, a
-** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
-** trigger.  Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
-**
-** ^Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
-** not create a new trigger context.
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
-** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
-** trigger context.
-**
-** ^Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
-** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** that also occurred at the top level.  ^(Within the body of a trigger,
-** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
-** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** statement within the body of the same trigger.
-** However, the number returned does not include changes
-** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.)^
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
+** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
+** statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter.
+** ^Executing any other type of SQL statement does not modify the value
+** returned by this function.
+**
+** ^Only changes made directly by the INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement are
+** considered - auxiliary changes caused by [CREATE TRIGGER | triggers],
+** [foreign key actions] or [REPLACE] constraint resolution are not counted.
+**
+** Changes to a view that are intercepted by
+** [INSTEAD OF trigger | INSTEAD OF triggers] are not counted. ^The value
+** returned by sqlite3_changes() immediately after an INSERT, UPDATE or
+** DELETE statement run on a view is always zero. Only changes made to real
+** tables are counted.
+**
+** Things are more complicated if the sqlite3_changes() function is
+** executed while a trigger program is running. This may happen if the
+** program uses the [changes() SQL function], or if some other callback
+** function invokes sqlite3_changes() directly. Essentially:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> ^(Before entering a trigger program the value returned by
+**        sqlite3_changes() function is saved. After the trigger program
+**        has finished, the original value is restored.)^
+**
+**   <li> ^(Within a trigger program each INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE
+**        statement sets the value returned by sqlite3_changes()
+**        upon completion as normal. Of course, this value will not include
+**        any changes performed by sub-triggers, as the sqlite3_changes()
+**        value will be saved and restored after each sub-trigger has run.)^
+** </ul>
+**
+** ^This means that if the changes() SQL function (or similar) is used
+** by the first INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within a trigger, it
+** returns the value as set when the calling statement began executing.
+** ^If it is used by the second or subsequent such statement within a trigger
+** program, the value returned reflects the number of rows modified by the
+** previous INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within the same trigger.
 **
 ** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
 ** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
@@ -2405,20 +3269,18 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
-** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.
-** ^(The count returned by sqlite3_total_changes() includes all changes
-** from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger] contexts and changes made by
-** [foreign key actions]. However,
-** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
-** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing.  The
-** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
-** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes
-** are counted.)^
-** ^The sqlite3_total_changes() function counts the changes as soon as
-** the statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle
-** is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]).
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or
+** deleted by all [INSERT], [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements completed
+** since the database connection was opened, including those executed as
+** part of trigger programs. ^Executing any other type of SQL statement
+** does not affect the value returned by sqlite3_total_changes().
+**
+** ^Changes made as part of [foreign key actions] are included in the
+** count, but those made as part of REPLACE constraint resolution are
+** not. ^Changes to a view that are intercepted by INSTEAD OF triggers
+** are not counted.
 **
 ** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
 ** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
@@ -2431,6 +3293,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
 ** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
@@ -2462,9 +3325,6 @@
 ** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
 ** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
 ** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
-**
-** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
-** is running then bad things will likely happen.
 */
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
 
@@ -2506,28 +3366,36 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
-**
-** ^This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever
-** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread
-** or process has locked.
-**
-** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
+** KEYWORDS: {busy-handler callback} {busy handler}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
+** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
+** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
+** [database connection] D when another thread
+** or process has the table locked.
+** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
+** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] and [PRAGMA busy_timeout].
+**
+** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
 ** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
 ** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
 **
 ** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
 ** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
 ** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
-** been invoked for this locking event.  ^If the
+** been invoked previously for the same locking event.  ^If the
 ** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
-** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.
+** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
+** to the application.
 ** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
-** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.
+** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
 **
 ** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
 ** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
 ** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
-** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.
+** to the application instead of invoking the
+** busy handler.
 ** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
 ** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
 ** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
@@ -2541,57 +3409,48 @@
 **
 ** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
 **
-** ^The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
-** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
-** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache.  SQLite will
-** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
-** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
-** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
-** readers.  ^If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
-** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
-** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
-** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].  ^This error code promotion
-** forces an automatic rollback of the changes.  See the
-** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
-** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
-** this is important.
-**
 ** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
 ** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
 ** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
-** will also set or clear the busy handler.
+** or evaluating [PRAGMA busy_timeout=N] will change the
+** busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler.
 **
 ** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
-** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  Any such actions
+** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
+** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
 ** result in undefined behavior.
 **
 ** A busy handler must not close the database connection
 ** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int),void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
 ** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
 ** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
 ** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
 ** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
-** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
+** [SQLITE_BUSY].
 **
 ** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
 ** turns off all busy handlers.
 **
 ** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
-** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
+** [database connection] at any given moment.  If another busy handler
 ** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
 ** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
+**
+** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
 ** Use of this interface is not recommended.
@@ -2677,12 +3536,16 @@
 **
 ** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
 ** from the standard C library.
+** These routines understand most of the common formatting options from
+** the standard library printf()
+** plus some additional non-standard formats ([%q], [%Q], [%w], and [%z]).
+** See the [built-in printf()] documentation for details.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
-** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
+** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()].
 ** The strings returned by these two routines should be
 ** released by [sqlite3_free()].  ^Both routines return a
-** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
+** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc64()] is unable to allocate enough
 ** memory to hold the resulting string.
 **
 ** ^(The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
@@ -2706,65 +3569,7 @@
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
 **
-** These routines all implement some additional formatting
-** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
-** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply.  In addition, there
-** is are "%q", "%Q", and "%z" options.
-**
-** ^(The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated
-** string from the argument list.  But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
-** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.)^  By doubling each '\''
-** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
-** the string.
-**
-** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-**  char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
-**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
-**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
-** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** This is correct.  Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
-** would have looked like this:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** This second example is an SQL syntax error.  As a general rule you should
-** always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string literal.
-**
-** ^(The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
-** the outside of the total string.  Additionally, if the parameter in the
-** argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without
-** single quotes).)^  So, for example, one could say:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
-**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
-**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
-** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
-** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
-** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
+** See also:  [built-in printf()], [printf() SQL function]
 */
 SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
 SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
@@ -2786,6 +3591,10 @@
 ** sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns
 ** a NULL pointer.
 **
+** ^The sqlite3_malloc64(N) routine works just like
+** sqlite3_malloc(N) except that N is an unsigned 64-bit integer instead
+** of a signed 32-bit integer.
+**
 ** ^Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned
 ** by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so
 ** that it might be reused.  ^The sqlite3_free() routine is
@@ -2797,24 +3606,38 @@
 ** might result if sqlite3_free() is called with a non-NULL pointer that
 ** was not obtained from sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc().
 **
-** ^(The sqlite3_realloc() interface attempts to resize a
-** prior memory allocation to be at least N bytes, where N is the
-** second parameter.  The memory allocation to be resized is the first
-** parameter.)^ ^ If the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc()
+** ^The sqlite3_realloc(X,N) interface attempts to resize a
+** prior memory allocation X to be at least N bytes.
+** ^If the X parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N)
 ** is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling
-** sqlite3_malloc(N) where N is the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^If the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc() is zero or
+** sqlite3_malloc(N).
+** ^If the N parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N) is zero or
 ** negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling
-** sqlite3_free(P) where P is the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^sqlite3_realloc() returns a pointer to a memory allocation
-** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if sufficient memory is unavailable.
+** sqlite3_free(X).
+** ^sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns a pointer to a memory allocation
+** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if insufficient memory is available.
 ** ^If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes
 ** of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned
-** by sqlite3_realloc() and the prior allocation is freed.
-** ^If sqlite3_realloc() returns NULL, then the prior allocation
-** is not freed.
-**
-** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc() and sqlite3_realloc()
+** by sqlite3_realloc(X,N) and the prior allocation is freed.
+** ^If sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns NULL and N is positive, then the
+** prior allocation is not freed.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_realloc64(X,N) interfaces works the same as
+** sqlite3_realloc(X,N) except that N is a 64-bit unsigned integer instead
+** of a 32-bit signed integer.
+**
+** ^If X is a memory allocation previously obtained from sqlite3_malloc(),
+** sqlite3_malloc64(), sqlite3_realloc(), or sqlite3_realloc64(), then
+** sqlite3_msize(X) returns the size of that memory allocation in bytes.
+** ^The value returned by sqlite3_msize(X) might be larger than the number
+** of bytes requested when X was allocated.  ^If X is a NULL pointer then
+** sqlite3_msize(X) returns zero.  If X points to something that is not
+** the beginning of memory allocation, or if it points to a formerly
+** valid memory allocation that has now been freed, then the behavior
+** of sqlite3_msize(X) is undefined and possibly harmful.
+**
+** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc(), sqlite3_realloc(),
+** sqlite3_malloc64(), and sqlite3_realloc64()
 ** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary, or to a
 ** 4 byte boundary if the [SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC] compile-time
 ** option is used.
@@ -2842,8 +3665,11 @@
 ** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
 */
 SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc64(sqlite3_uint64);
 SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc64(void*, sqlite3_uint64);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 sqlite3_msize(void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
@@ -2881,11 +3707,14 @@
 ** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
 **
 ** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
-**
-** ^The first time this routine is invoked (either internally or by
-** the application) the PRNG is seeded using randomness obtained
-** from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
-** ^On all subsequent invocations, the pseudo-randomness is generated
+** ^The P parameter can be a NULL pointer.
+**
+** ^If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous
+** call had N less than one or a NULL pointer for P, then the PRNG is
+** seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of
+** the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
+** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a
+** non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated
 ** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
 ** method.
 */
@@ -2893,12 +3722,15 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+** KEYWORDS: {authorizer callback}
 **
 ** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
 ** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
 ** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
 ** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
-** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].  ^At various
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare16()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()],
+** and [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].  ^At various
 ** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
 ** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
 ** see if those actions are allowed.  ^The authorizer callback should
@@ -2920,8 +3752,10 @@
 ** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. ^The second parameter
 ** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
 ** the particular action to be authorized. ^The third through sixth parameters
-** to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional
-** details about the action to be authorized.
+** to the callback are either NULL pointers or zero-terminated strings
+** that contain additional details about the action to be authorized.
+** Applications must always be prepared to encounter a NULL pointer in any
+** of the third through the sixth parameters of the authorization callback.
 **
 ** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
 ** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
@@ -2930,6 +3764,10 @@
 ** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned.  The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
 ** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
 ** columns of a table.
+** ^When a table is referenced by a [SELECT] but no column values are
+** extracted from that table (for example in a query like
+** "SELECT count(*) FROM tab") then the [SQLITE_READ] authorizer callback
+** is invoked once for that table with a column name that is an empty string.
 ** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
 ** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
 ** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
@@ -2986,8 +3824,8 @@
 ** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
 ** information.
 **
-** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | return code]
-** from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
+** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [conflict resolution mode]
+** returned from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
 */
 #define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
 #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */
@@ -3045,9 +3883,14 @@
 #define SQLITE_FUNCTION             31   /* NULL            Function Name   */
 #define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT            32   /* Operation       Savepoint Name  */
 #define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */
+#define SQLITE_RECURSIVE            33   /* NULL            NULL            */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** These routines are deprecated. Use the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] interface
+** instead of the routines described here.
 **
 ** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
 ** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
@@ -3060,6 +3903,9 @@
 ** as each triggered subprogram is entered.  The callbacks for triggers
 ** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
 **
+** The [SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT] compile-time option can be used to limit
+** the length of [bound parameter] expansion in the output of sqlite3_trace().
+**
 ** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
 ** as each SQL statement finishes.  ^The profile callback contains
 ** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
@@ -3071,12 +3917,107 @@
 ** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
 ** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*,
+   void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
    void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Event Codes
+** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TRACE
+**
+** These constants identify classes of events that can be monitored
+** using the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] tracing logic.  The M argument
+** to [sqlite3_trace_v2(D,M,X,P)] is an OR-ed combination of one or more of
+** the following constants.  ^The first argument to the trace callback
+** is one of the following constants.
+**
+** New tracing constants may be added in future releases.
+**
+** ^A trace callback has four arguments: xCallback(T,C,P,X).
+** ^The T argument is one of the integer type codes above.
+** ^The C argument is a copy of the context pointer passed in as the
+** fourth argument to [sqlite3_trace_v2()].
+** The P and X arguments are pointers whose meanings depend on T.
+**
+** <dl>
+** [[SQLITE_TRACE_STMT]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_STMT</dt>
+** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_STMT callback is invoked when a prepared statement
+** first begins running and possibly at other times during the
+** execution of the prepared statement, such as at the start of each
+** trigger subprogram. ^The P argument is a pointer to the
+** [prepared statement]. ^The X argument is a pointer to a string which
+** is the unexpanded SQL text of the prepared statement or an SQL comment
+** that indicates the invocation of a trigger.  ^The callback can compute
+** the same text that would have been returned by the legacy [sqlite3_trace()]
+** interface by using the X argument when X begins with "--" and invoking
+** [sqlite3_expanded_sql(P)] otherwise.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE</dt>
+** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE callback provides approximately the same
+** information as is provided by the [sqlite3_profile()] callback.
+** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [prepared statement] and the
+** X argument points to a 64-bit integer which is the estimated of
+** the number of nanosecond that the prepared statement took to run.
+** ^The SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE callback is invoked when the statement finishes.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_TRACE_ROW]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_ROW</dt>
+** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_ROW callback is invoked whenever a prepared
+** statement generates a single row of result.
+** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [prepared statement] and the
+** X argument is unused.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE</dt>
+** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE callback is invoked when a database
+** connection closes.
+** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [database connection] object
+** and the X argument is unused.
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_TRACE_STMT       0x01
+#define SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE    0x02
+#define SQLITE_TRACE_ROW        0x04
+#define SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE      0x08
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Hook
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_trace_v2(D,M,X,P) interface registers a trace callback
+** function X against [database connection] D, using property mask M
+** and context pointer P.  ^If the X callback is
+** NULL or if the M mask is zero, then tracing is disabled.  The
+** M argument should be the bitwise OR-ed combination of
+** zero or more [SQLITE_TRACE] constants.
+**
+** ^Each call to either sqlite3_trace() or sqlite3_trace_v2() overrides
+** (cancels) any prior calls to sqlite3_trace() or sqlite3_trace_v2().
+**
+** ^The X callback is invoked whenever any of the events identified by
+** mask M occur.  ^The integer return value from the callback is currently
+** ignored, though this may change in future releases.  Callback
+** implementations should return zero to ensure future compatibility.
+**
+** ^A trace callback is invoked with four arguments: callback(T,C,P,X).
+** ^The T argument is one of the [SQLITE_TRACE]
+** constants to indicate why the callback was invoked.
+** ^The C argument is a copy of the context pointer.
+** The P and X arguments are pointers whose meanings depend on T.
+**
+** The sqlite3_trace_v2() interface is intended to replace the legacy
+** interfaces [sqlite3_trace()] and [sqlite3_profile()], both of which
+** are deprecated.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_trace_v2(
+  sqlite3*,
+  unsigned uMask,
+  int(*xCallback)(unsigned,void*,void*,void*),
+  void *pCtx
+);
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
 ** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
@@ -3085,9 +4026,10 @@
 ** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
 **
 ** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the
-** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the number of
+** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the approximate number of
 ** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
-** invocations of the callback X.
+** invocations of the callback X.  ^If N is less than one then the progress
+** handler is disabled.
 **
 ** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
 ** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
@@ -3109,6 +4051,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the
 ** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
@@ -3123,9 +4066,9 @@
 ** an English language description of the error following a failure of any
 ** of the sqlite3_open() routines.
 **
-** ^The default encoding for the database will be UTF-8 if
-** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2() is called and
-** UTF-16 in the native byte order if sqlite3_open16() is used.
+** ^The default encoding will be UTF-8 for databases created using
+** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().  ^The default encoding for databases
+** created using sqlite3_open16() will be UTF-16 in the native byte order.
 **
 ** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources
 ** associated with the [database connection] handle should be released by
@@ -3194,10 +4137,10 @@
 ** ^If [URI filename] interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument
 ** begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. ^URI
 ** filename interpretation is enabled if the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is
-** set in the fourth argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
+** set in the third argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
 ** been enabled globally using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_URI] option with the
 ** [sqlite3_config()] method or by the [SQLITE_USE_URI] compile-time option.
-** As of SQLite version 3.7.7, URI filename interpretation is turned off
+** URI filename interpretation is turned off
 ** by default, but future releases of SQLite might enable URI filename
 ** interpretation by default.  See "[URI filenames]" for additional
 ** information.
@@ -3213,13 +4156,14 @@
 ** then it is interpreted as an absolute path. ^If the path does not begin
 ** with a '/' (meaning that the authority section is omitted from the URI)
 ** then the path is interpreted as a relative path.
-** ^On windows, the first component of an absolute path
-** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").
+** ^(On windows, the first component of an absolute path
+** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").)^
 **
 ** [[core URI query parameters]]
 ** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
 ** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
-** SQLite interprets the following three query parameters:
+** SQLite and its built-in [VFSes] interpret the
+** following query parameters:
 **
 ** <ul>
 **   <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
@@ -3253,6 +4197,28 @@
 **     ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
 **     a URI filename, its value overrides any behavior requested by setting
 **     SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
+**
+**  <li> <b>psow</b>: ^The psow parameter indicates whether or not the
+**     [powersafe overwrite] property does or does not apply to the
+**     storage media on which the database file resides.
+**
+**  <li> <b>nolock</b>: ^The nolock parameter is a boolean query parameter
+**     which if set disables file locking in rollback journal modes.  This
+**     is useful for accessing a database on a filesystem that does not
+**     support locking.  Caution:  Database corruption might result if two
+**     or more processes write to the same database and any one of those
+**     processes uses nolock=1.
+**
+**  <li> <b>immutable</b>: ^The immutable parameter is a boolean query
+**     parameter that indicates that the database file is stored on
+**     read-only media.  ^When immutable is set, SQLite assumes that the
+**     database file cannot be changed, even by a process with higher
+**     privilege, and so the database is opened read-only and all locking
+**     and change detection is disabled.  Caution: Setting the immutable
+**     property on a database file that does in fact change can result
+**     in incorrect query results and/or [SQLITE_CORRUPT] errors.
+**     See also: [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE].
+**
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
@@ -3282,8 +4248,9 @@
 **          Open file "data.db" in the current directory for read-only access.
 **          Regardless of whether or not shared-cache mode is enabled by
 **          default, use a private cache.
-** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-nolock <td>
-**          Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-nolock".
+** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-dotfile <td>
+**          Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-dotfile"
+**          that uses dot-files in place of posix advisory locking.
 ** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=readonly <td>
 **          An error. "readonly" is not a valid option for the "mode" parameter.
 ** </table>
@@ -3370,12 +4337,15 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
-** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
-** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
-** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
-** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined.  ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^If the most recent sqlite3_* API call associated with
+** [database connection] D failed, then the sqlite3_errcode(D) interface
+** returns the numeric [result code] or [extended result code] for that
+** API call.
+** If the most recent API call was successful,
+** then the return value from sqlite3_errcode() is undefined.
+** ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
 ** interface is the same except that it always returns the
 ** [extended result code] even when extended result codes are
 ** disabled.
@@ -3413,33 +4383,34 @@
 SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errstr(int);
 
 /*
-** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Object
 ** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
 **
-** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
-** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
-** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
-**
-** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
+** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement that
+** has been compiled into binary form and is ready to be evaluated.
+**
+** Think of each SQL statement as a separate computer program.  The
+** original SQL text is source code.  A prepared statement object
+** is the compiled object code.  All SQL must be converted into a
+** prepared statement before it can be run.
+**
+** The life-cycle of a prepared statement object usually goes like this:
 **
 ** <ol>
-** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
-**      function.
-** <li> Bind values to [host parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
+** <li> Create the prepared statement object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()].
+** <li> Bind values to [parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
 **      interfaces.
 ** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
-** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
+** <li> Reset the prepared statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
 **      to step 2.  Do this zero or more times.
 ** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
 ** </ol>
-**
-** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
-** information.
 */
 typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^(This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
 ** on a connection by connection basis.  The first parameter is the
@@ -3508,9 +4479,9 @@
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
 ** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
-** used to implement an SQL statement.  This limit is not currently
-** enforced, though that might be added in some future release of
-** SQLite.</dd>)^
+** used to implement an SQL statement.  If [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or
+** the equivalent tries to allocate space for more than this many opcodes
+** in a single prepared statement, an SQLITE_NOMEM error is returned.</dd>)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
 ** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
@@ -3529,6 +4500,10 @@
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</dt>
 ** <dd>The maximum depth of recursion for triggers.</dd>)^
+**
+** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of auxiliary worker threads that a single
+** [prepared statement] may start.</dd>)^
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH                    0
@@ -3542,33 +4517,70 @@
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepare Flags
+**
+** These constants define various flags that can be passed into
+** "prepFlags" parameter of the [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] and
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] interfaces.
+**
+** New flags may be added in future releases of SQLite.
+**
+** <dl>
+** [[SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT</dt>
+** <dd>The SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT flag is a hint to the query planner
+** that the prepared statement will be retained for a long time and
+** probably reused many times.)^ ^Without this flag, [sqlite3_prepare_v3()]
+** and [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] assume that the prepared statement will
+** be used just once or at most a few times and then destroyed using
+** [sqlite3_finalize()] relatively soon. The current implementation acts
+** on this hint by avoiding the use of [lookaside memory] so as not to
+** deplete the limited store of lookaside memory. Future versions of
+** SQLite may act on this hint differently.
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT              0x01
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
-**
-** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
-** program using one of these routines.
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** To execute an SQL statement, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
+** program using one of these routines.  Or, in other words, these routines
+** are constructors for the [prepared statement] object.
+**
+** The preferred routine to use is [sqlite3_prepare_v2()].  The
+** [sqlite3_prepare()] interface is legacy and should be avoided.
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] has an extra "prepFlags" option that is used
+** for special purposes.
+**
+** The use of the UTF-8 interfaces is preferred, as SQLite currently
+** does all parsing using UTF-8.  The UTF-16 interfaces are provided
+** as a convenience.  The UTF-16 interfaces work by converting the
+** input text into UTF-8, then invoking the corresponding UTF-8 interface.
 **
 ** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
 ** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
 ** [sqlite3_open16()].  The database connection must not have been closed.
 **
 ** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
-** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
-** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
-** use UTF-16.
-**
-** ^If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the
-** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
-** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
-** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
-** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
-** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
-** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
-** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
-** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
-** make a copy of the input string.
+** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare(), sqlite3_prepare_v2(),
+** and sqlite3_prepare_v3()
+** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16(), sqlite3_prepare16_v2(),
+** and sqlite3_prepare16_v3() use UTF-16.
+**
+** ^If the nByte argument is negative, then zSql is read up to the
+** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is positive, then it is the
+** number of bytes read from zSql.  ^If nByte is zero, then no prepared
+** statement is generated.
+** If the caller knows that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then
+** there is a small performance advantage to passing an nByte parameter that
+** is the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
+** the nul-terminator.
 **
 ** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
 ** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
@@ -3586,10 +4598,11 @@
 ** ^On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return [SQLITE_OK];
 ** otherwise an [error code] is returned.
 **
-** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
-** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained
-** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
-** ^In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
+** The sqlite3_prepare_v2(), sqlite3_prepare_v3(), sqlite3_prepare16_v2(),
+** and sqlite3_prepare16_v3() interfaces are recommended for all new programs.
+** The older interfaces (sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare16())
+** are retained for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
+** ^In the "vX" interfaces, the prepared statement
 ** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
 ** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
 ** behave differently in three ways:
@@ -3598,7 +4611,8 @@
 ** <li>
 ** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
 ** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
-** statement and try to run it again.
+** statement and try to run it again. As many as [SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY]
+** retries will occur before sqlite3_step() gives up and returns an error.
 ** </li>
 **
 ** <li>
@@ -3620,9 +4634,14 @@
 ** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
 ** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
 ** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
-** the
 ** </li>
 ** </ol>
+**
+** <p>^sqlite3_prepare_v3() differs from sqlite3_prepare_v2() only in having
+** the extra prepFlags parameter, which is a bit array consisting of zero or
+** more of the [SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT|SQLITE_PREPARE_*] flags.  ^The
+** sqlite3_prepare_v2() interface works exactly the same as
+** sqlite3_prepare_v3() with a zero prepFlags parameter.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
@@ -3638,6 +4657,14 @@
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v3(
+  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
+  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
+  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+  unsigned int prepFlags, /* Zero or more SQLITE_PREPARE_ flags */
+  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
+  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
   const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
@@ -3652,18 +4679,53 @@
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v3(
+  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
+  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
+  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+  unsigned int prepFlags, /* Zero or more SQLITE_PREPARE_ flags */
+  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
+  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
-**
-** ^This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
-** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
-** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a copy of the UTF-8
+** SQL text used to create [prepared statement] P if P was
+** created by [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare_v3()],
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()], or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
+** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a UTF-8
+** string containing the SQL text of prepared statement P with
+** [bound parameters] expanded.
+**
+** ^(For example, if a prepared statement is created using the SQL
+** text "SELECT $abc,:xyz" and if parameter $abc is bound to integer 2345
+** and parameter :xyz is unbound, then sqlite3_sql() will return
+** the original string, "SELECT $abc,:xyz" but sqlite3_expanded_sql()
+** will return "SELECT 2345,NULL".)^
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql() interface returns NULL if insufficient memory
+** is available to hold the result, or if the result would exceed the
+** the maximum string length determined by the [SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH].
+**
+** ^The [SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT] compile-time option limits the size of
+** bound parameter expansions.  ^The [SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE] compile-time
+** option causes sqlite3_expanded_sql() to always return NULL.
+**
+** ^The string returned by sqlite3_sql(P) is managed by SQLite and is
+** automatically freed when the prepared statement is finalized.
+** ^The string returned by sqlite3_expanded_sql(P), on the other hand,
+** is obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()] and must be free by the application
+** by passing it to [sqlite3_free()].
 */
 SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_expanded_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
 ** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
@@ -3690,15 +4752,21 @@
 ** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
 ** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make
 ** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
+** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for [BEGIN] since
+** [BEGIN] merely sets internal flags, but the [BEGIN|BEGIN IMMEDIATE] and
+** [BEGIN|BEGIN EXCLUSIVE] commands do touch the database and so
+** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
 ** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using
-** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has not run to completion and/or has not
+** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has neither run to completion (returned
+** [SQLITE_DONE] from [sqlite3_step(S)]) nor
 ** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)].  ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
 ** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer.  If S is not a
 ** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
@@ -3725,7 +4793,9 @@
 ** Some interfaces require a protected sqlite3_value.  Other interfaces
 ** will accept either a protected or an unprotected sqlite3_value.
 ** Every interface that accepts sqlite3_value arguments specifies
-** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.
+** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.  The
+** [sqlite3_value_dup()] interface can be used to construct a new
+** protected sqlite3_value from an unprotected sqlite3_value.
 **
 ** The terms "protected" and "unprotected" refer to whether or not
 ** a mutex is held.  An internal mutex is held for a protected
@@ -3744,12 +4814,13 @@
 ** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
 ** ^The sqlite3_value object returned by
 ** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
-** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used with
-** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].
+** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used as arguments
+** to [sqlite3_result_value()], [sqlite3_bind_value()], and
+** [sqlite3_value_dup()].
 ** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
 ** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
 */
-typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;
+typedef struct sqlite3_value sqlite3_value;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object
@@ -3769,6 +4840,7 @@
 ** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements
 ** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(In the SQL statement text input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
 ** literals may be replaced by a [parameter] that matches one of following
@@ -3802,6 +4874,9 @@
 ** parameter [SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] (default value: 999).
 **
 ** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
+** ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16()
+** or sqlite3_bind_blob() is a NULL pointer then the fourth parameter
+** is ignored and the end result is the same as sqlite3_bind_null().
 **
 ** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
 ** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
@@ -3812,18 +4887,18 @@
 ** If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_blob() is negative, then
 ** the behavior is undefined.
 ** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
-** or sqlite3_bind_text16() then that parameter must be the byte offset
+** or sqlite3_bind_text16() or sqlite3_bind_text64() then
+** that parameter must be the byte offset
 ** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
 ** terminated.  If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than
 ** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
 ** contain embedded NULs.  The result of expressions involving strings
 ** with embedded NULs is undefined.
 **
-** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
-** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
+** ^The fifth argument to the BLOB and string binding interfaces
+** is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
 ** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
-** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
-** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.
+** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to bind API fails.
 ** ^If the fifth argument is
 ** the special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then SQLite assumes that the
 ** information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.
@@ -3831,6 +4906,14 @@
 ** SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before
 ** the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns.
 **
+** ^The sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() must be one of
+** [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE]
+** to specify the encoding of the text in the third parameter.  If
+** the sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() is not one of the
+** allowed values shown above, or if the text encoding is different
+** from the encoding specified by the sixth parameter, then the behavior
+** is undefined.
+**
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
 ** is filled with zeroes.  ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
 ** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
@@ -3839,6 +4922,15 @@
 ** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
 ** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
 **
+** ^The sqlite3_bind_pointer(S,I,P,T,D) routine causes the I-th parameter in
+** [prepared statement] S to have an SQL value of NULL, but to also be
+** associated with the pointer P of type T.  ^D is either a NULL pointer or
+** a pointer to a destructor function for P. ^SQLite will invoke the
+** destructor D with a single argument of P when it is finished using
+** P.  The T parameter should be a static string, preferably a string
+** literal. The sqlite3_bind_pointer() routine is part of the
+** [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
+**
 ** ^If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer
 ** for the [prepared statement] or with a prepared statement for which
 ** [sqlite3_step()] has been called more recently than [sqlite3_reset()],
@@ -3851,6 +4943,9 @@
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_* routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an
 ** [error code] if anything goes wrong.
+** ^[SQLITE_TOOBIG] might be returned if the size of a string or BLOB
+** exceeds limits imposed by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]) or
+** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
 ** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
 ** index is out of range.  ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
 **
@@ -3858,17 +4953,24 @@
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, sqlite3_uint64,
+                        void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
+                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_pointer(sqlite3_stmt*, int, void*, const char*,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
 ** in a [prepared statement].  SQL parameters are tokens of the
@@ -3889,6 +4991,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
 ** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
@@ -3905,8 +5008,8 @@
 ** ^If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is
 ** nameless, then NULL is returned.  ^The returned string is
 ** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
-** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
-** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()],
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()], or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
@@ -3916,22 +5019,25 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
 ** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
 ** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()].  ^A zero
 ** is returned if no matching parameter is found.  ^The parameter
 ** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
-** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
 ** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
@@ -3941,10 +5047,15 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
-** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
-** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
+** [prepared statement]. ^If this routine returns 0, that means the
+** [prepared statement] returns no data (for example an [UPDATE]).
+** ^However, just because this routine returns a positive number does not
+** mean that one or more rows of data will be returned.  ^A SELECT statement
+** will always have a positive sqlite3_column_count() but depending on the
+** WHERE clause constraints and the table content, it might return no rows.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
 */
@@ -3952,6 +5063,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
 ** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement.  ^The sqlite3_column_name()
@@ -3981,6 +5093,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
 ** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
@@ -4033,6 +5146,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
 ** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
@@ -4065,17 +5179,20 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
-**
-** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using any of
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()],
+** or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] or one of the legacy
 ** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
 ** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
 **
 ** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
-** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
-** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()].  The use of the
-** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
+** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "vX" interfaces
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()],
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
+** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()].  The use of the
+** new "vX" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
 ** interface will continue to be supported.
 **
 ** ^In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
@@ -4121,7 +5238,8 @@
 ** other than [SQLITE_ROW] before any subsequent invocation of
 ** sqlite3_step().  Failure to reset the prepared statement using
 ** [sqlite3_reset()] would result in an [SQLITE_MISUSE] return from
-** sqlite3_step().  But after version 3.6.23.1, sqlite3_step() began
+** sqlite3_step().  But after [version 3.6.23.1] ([dateof:3.6.23.1],
+** sqlite3_step() began
 ** calling [sqlite3_reset()] automatically in this circumstance rather
 ** than returning [SQLITE_MISUSE].  This is not considered a compatibility
 ** break because any application that ever receives an SQLITE_MISUSE error
@@ -4135,15 +5253,17 @@
 ** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
 ** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
 ** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
-** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
+** using [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] or [sqlite3_prepare_v2()]
+** or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] instead
 ** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
 ** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
-** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
+** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "vX" interfaces is recommended.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
 ** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
@@ -4197,8 +5317,29 @@
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
 ** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
-**
-** These routines form the "result set" interface.
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** <b>Summary:</b>
+** <blockquote><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0>
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_blob</b><td>&rarr;<td>BLOB result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_double</b><td>&rarr;<td>REAL result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_int</b><td>&rarr;<td>32-bit INTEGER result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_int64</b><td>&rarr;<td>64-bit INTEGER result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_text</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-8 TEXT result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_text16</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16 TEXT result
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_value</b><td>&rarr;<td>The result as an
+** [sqlite3_value|unprotected sqlite3_value] object.
+** <tr><td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_bytes</b><td>&rarr;<td>Size of a BLOB
+** or a UTF-8 TEXT result in bytes
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_bytes16&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
+** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Size of UTF-16
+** TEXT in bytes
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_type</b><td>&rarr;<td>Default
+** datatype of the result
+** </table></blockquote>
+**
+** <b>Details:</b>
 **
 ** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
 ** result row of a query.  ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
@@ -4221,16 +5362,29 @@
 ** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
 ** are pending, then the results are undefined.
 **
+** The first six interfaces (_blob, _double, _int, _int64, _text, and _text16)
+** each return the value of a result column in a specific data format.  If
+** the result column is not initially in the requested format (for example,
+** if the query returns an integer but the sqlite3_column_text() interface
+** is used to extract the value) then an automatic type conversion is performed.
+**
 ** ^The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
 ** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
 ** of the result column.  ^The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
-** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].  The value
-** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
-** conversions have occurred as described below.  After a type conversion,
-** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined.  Future
+** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].
+** The return value of sqlite3_column_type() can be used to decide which
+** of the first six interface should be used to extract the column value.
+** The value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no
+** automatic type conversions have occurred for the value in question.
+** After a type conversion, the result of calling sqlite3_column_type()
+** is undefined, though harmless.  Future
 ** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
 ** following a type conversion.
 **
+** If the result is a BLOB or a TEXT string, then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
+** or sqlite3_column_bytes16() interfaces can be used to determine the size
+** of that BLOB or string.
+**
 ** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
 ** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
 ** ^If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
@@ -4259,16 +5413,21 @@
 ** even empty strings, are always zero-terminated.  ^The return
 ** value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is a NULL pointer.
 **
-** ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
-** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  An unprotected sqlite3_value object
-** may only be used with [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
+** <b>Warning:</b> ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
+** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  In a multithreaded environment,
+** an unprotected sqlite3_value object may only be used safely with
+** [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
 ** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
 ** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
 ** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
-** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], then the behavior is undefined.
-**
-** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate.  ^For
-** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
+** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], the behavior is not threadsafe.
+** Hence, the sqlite3_column_value() interface
+** is normally only useful within the implementation of
+** [application-defined SQL functions] or [virtual tables], not within
+** top-level application code.
+**
+** The these routines may attempt to convert the datatype of the result.
+** ^For example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
 ** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
 ** conversion automatically.  ^(The following table details the conversions
 ** that are applied:
@@ -4279,29 +5438,23 @@
 **
 ** <tr><td>  NULL    <td> INTEGER   <td> Result is 0
 ** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Result is 0.0
-** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   TEXT    <td> Result is NULL pointer
-** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   BLOB    <td> Result is NULL pointer
+** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   TEXT    <td> Result is a NULL pointer
+** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   BLOB    <td> Result is a NULL pointer
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert from integer to float
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as INTEGER->TEXT
-** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert from float to integer
+** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
 ** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the float
-** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as FLOAT->TEXT
-** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td> INTEGER   <td> Use atoi()
-** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Use atof()
+** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   BLOB    <td> [CAST] to BLOB
+** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
+** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>  FLOAT    <td> [CAST] to REAL
 ** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>   BLOB    <td> No change
-** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
-** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert to TEXT then use atof()
+** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
+** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>  FLOAT    <td> [CAST] to REAL
 ** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>   TEXT    <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
 ** </table>
 ** </blockquote>)^
 **
-** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
-** and atof().  SQLite does not really use these functions.  It has its
-** own equivalent internal routines.  The atoi() and atof() names are
-** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
-** C programmers.
-**
 ** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
 ** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
 ** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated.
@@ -4326,7 +5479,7 @@
 ** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometimes they
 ** are not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.
 **
-** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
+** The safest policy is to invoke these routines
 ** in one of the following ways:
 **
 ** <ul>
@@ -4346,8 +5499,8 @@
 ** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
 ** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
 ** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called.  ^The memory space used to hold strings
-** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do <b>not</b> pass the pointers returned
-** [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
+** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do not pass the pointers returned
+** from [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
 ** [sqlite3_free()].
 **
 ** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
@@ -4357,18 +5510,19 @@
 ** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
 */
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
 ** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
@@ -4396,6 +5550,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
 ** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
@@ -4425,6 +5580,7 @@
 ** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
 ** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
 ** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
 ** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
@@ -4456,15 +5612,24 @@
 **
 ** ^The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what
 ** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
-** its parameters.  Every SQL function implementation must be able to work
-** with UTF-8, UTF-16le, or UTF-16be.  But some implementations may be
-** more efficient with one encoding than another.  ^An application may
-** invoke sqlite3_create_function() or sqlite3_create_function16() multiple
-** times with the same function but with different values of eTextRep.
+** its parameters.  The application should set this parameter to
+** [SQLITE_UTF16LE] if the function implementation invokes
+** [sqlite3_value_text16le()] on an input, or [SQLITE_UTF16BE] if the
+** implementation invokes [sqlite3_value_text16be()] on an input, or
+** [SQLITE_UTF16] if [sqlite3_value_text16()] is used, or [SQLITE_UTF8]
+** otherwise.  ^The same SQL function may be registered multiple times using
+** different preferred text encodings, with different implementations for
+** each encoding.
 ** ^When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite
 ** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
-** If there is only a single implementation which does not care what text
-** encoding is used, then the fourth argument should be [SQLITE_ANY].
+**
+** ^The fourth parameter may optionally be ORed with [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC]
+** to signal that the function will always return the same result given
+** the same inputs within a single SQL statement.  Most SQL functions are
+** deterministic.  The built-in [random()] SQL function is an example of a
+** function that is not deterministic.  The SQLite query planner is able to
+** perform additional optimizations on deterministic functions, so use
+** of the [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC] flag is recommended where possible.
 **
 ** ^(The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer.  The implementation of the
 ** function can gain access to this pointer using [sqlite3_user_data()].)^
@@ -4546,22 +5711,32 @@
 ** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
 ** text encodings supported by SQLite.
 */
-#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
-#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
-#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
+#define SQLITE_UTF8           1    /* IMP: R-37514-35566 */
+#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2    /* IMP: R-03371-37637 */
+#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3    /* IMP: R-51971-34154 */
 #define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
-#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* sqlite3_create_function only */
+#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* Deprecated */
 #define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: Function Flags
+**
+** These constants may be ORed together with the
+** [SQLITE_UTF8 | preferred text encoding] as the fourth argument
+** to [sqlite3_create_function()], [sqlite3_create_function16()], or
+** [sqlite3_create_function_v2()].
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC    0x800
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Functions
 ** DEPRECATED
 **
 ** These functions are [deprecated].  In order to maintain
 ** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue
 ** to be supported.  However, new applications should avoid
-** the use of these functions.  To help encourage people to avoid
-** using these functions, we are not going to tell you what they do.
+** the use of these functions.  To encourage programmers to avoid
+** these functions, we will not explain what they do.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
 SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
@@ -4574,26 +5749,49 @@
 #endif
 
 /*
-** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values
-**
-** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
-** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
-** the function or aggregate.
-**
-** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
-** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
-** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
-** The 3rd parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
-** [protected sqlite3_value] objects.  There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
-** each parameter to the SQL function.  These routines are used to
-** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
+** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
+**
+** <b>Summary:</b>
+** <blockquote><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0>
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_blob</b><td>&rarr;<td>BLOB value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_double</b><td>&rarr;<td>REAL value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_int</b><td>&rarr;<td>32-bit INTEGER value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_int64</b><td>&rarr;<td>64-bit INTEGER value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_pointer</b><td>&rarr;<td>Pointer value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-8 TEXT value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16 TEXT value in
+** the native byteorder
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16be</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16be TEXT value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16le</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16le TEXT value
+** <tr><td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_bytes</b><td>&rarr;<td>Size of a BLOB
+** or a UTF-8 TEXT in bytes
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_bytes16&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
+** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Size of UTF-16
+** TEXT in bytes
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_type</b><td>&rarr;<td>Default
+** datatype of the value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_numeric_type&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
+** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Best numeric datatype of the value
+** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_nochange&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
+** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>True if the column is unchanged in an UPDATE
+** against a virtual table.
+** </table></blockquote>
+**
+** <b>Details:</b>
+**
+** These routines extract type, size, and content information from
+** [protected sqlite3_value] objects.  Protected sqlite3_value objects
+** are used to pass parameter information into implementation of
+** [application-defined SQL functions] and [virtual tables].
 **
 ** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
 ** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
-** object results in undefined behavior.
+** is not threadsafe.
 **
 ** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
-** except that  these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
+** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
 ** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
@@ -4601,6 +5799,24 @@
 ** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
 ** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
 **
+** ^If [sqlite3_value] object V was initialized
+** using [sqlite3_bind_pointer(S,I,P,X,D)] or [sqlite3_result_pointer(C,P,X,D)]
+** and if X and Y are strings that compare equal according to strcmp(X,Y),
+** then sqlite3_value_pointer(V,Y) will return the pointer P.  ^Otherwise,
+** sqlite3_value_pointer(V,Y) returns a NULL. The sqlite3_bind_pointer()
+** routine is part of the [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_value_type(V) interface returns the
+** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial datatype of the
+** [sqlite3_value] object V. The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
+** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].)^
+** Other interfaces might change the datatype for an sqlite3_value object.
+** For example, if the datatype is initially SQLITE_INTEGER and
+** sqlite3_value_text(V) is called to extract a text value for that
+** integer, then subsequent calls to sqlite3_value_type(V) might return
+** SQLITE_TEXT.  Whether or not a persistent internal datatype conversion
+** occurs is undefined and may change from one release of SQLite to the next.
+**
 ** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
 ** numeric affinity to the value.  This means that an attempt is
 ** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point.  If
@@ -4609,6 +5825,19 @@
 ** then the conversion is performed.  Otherwise no conversion occurs.
 ** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.)^
 **
+** ^Within the [xUpdate] method of a [virtual table], the
+** sqlite3_value_nochange(X) interface returns true if and only if
+** the column corresponding to X is unchanged by the UPDATE operation
+** that the xUpdate method call was invoked to implement and if
+** and the prior [xColumn] method call that was invoked to extracted
+** the value for that column returned without setting a result (probably
+** because it queried [sqlite3_vtab_nochange()] and found that the column
+** was unchanging).  ^Within an [xUpdate] method, any value for which
+** sqlite3_value_nochange(X) is true will in all other respects appear
+** to be a NULL value.  If sqlite3_value_nochange(X) is invoked anywhere other
+** than within an [xUpdate] method call for an UPDATE statement, then
+** the return value is arbitrary and meaningless.
+**
 ** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
 ** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
 ** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
@@ -4619,20 +5848,52 @@
 ** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
 */
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_value_pointer(sqlite3_value*, const char*);
 SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_nochange(sqlite3_value*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
+**
+** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
+** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
+** information can be used to pass a limited amount of context from
+** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
+** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
+*/
+SQLITE_API unsigned int sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
+** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
+** is a [protected sqlite3_value] object even if the input is not.
+** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
+** memory allocation fails.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
+** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
+** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
 ** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
@@ -4677,6 +5938,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
 ** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
@@ -4691,6 +5953,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
 ** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
@@ -4702,42 +5965,57 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
-**
-** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
+**
+** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
 ** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
 ** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
-** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
-** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
-** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
-** metadata associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
-** pattern.  The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
-** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
-** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
-** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
-** value to the application-defined function. ^If no metadata has been ever
-** been set for the Nth argument of the function, or if the corresponding
-** function parameter has changed since the meta-data was set,
-** then sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface saves the metadata
-** pointed to by its 3rd parameter as the metadata for the N-th
-** argument of the application-defined function.  Subsequent
-** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata() might return this data, if it has
-** not been destroyed.
-** ^If it is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor
-** function given by the 4th parameter to sqlite3_set_auxdata() on
-** the metadata when the corresponding function parameter changes
-** or when the SQL statement completes, whichever comes first.
-**
-** SQLite is free to call the destructor and drop metadata on any
-** parameter of any function at any time.  ^The only guarantee is that
-** the destructor will be called before the metadata is dropped.
+** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved.  An example
+** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
+** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
+** metadata associated with the pattern string.
+** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
+** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
+** invocations of the same function.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) interface returns a pointer to the metadata
+** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) function with the Nth argument
+** value to the application-defined function.  ^N is zero for the left-most
+** function argument.  ^If there is no metadata
+** associated with the function argument, the sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) interface
+** returns a NULL pointer.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th
+** argument of the application-defined function.  ^Subsequent
+** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
+** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
+** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
+** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
+** once, when the metadata is discarded.
+** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
+** <li> ^(when the corresponding function parameter changes)^, or
+** <li> ^(when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
+**      SQL statement)^, or
+** <li> ^(when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same
+**       parameter)^, or
+** <li> ^(during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory
+**      allocation error occurs.)^ </ul>
+**
+** Note the last bullet in particular.  The destructor X in
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns.  Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
+** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
+** function implementation should not make any use of P after
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
 **
 ** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
-** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
-** values and [parameters].)^
+** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
+** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
+**
+** The value of the N parameter to these interfaces should be non-negative.
+** Future enhancements may make use of negative N values to define new
+** kinds of function caching behavior.
 **
 ** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
 ** the SQL function is running.
@@ -4758,7 +6036,7 @@
 ** the content before returning.
 **
 ** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
-** C++ compilers.  See ticket #2191.
+** C++ compilers.
 */
 typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
 #define SQLITE_STATIC      ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
@@ -4766,6 +6044,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
 ** implement SQL functions and aggregates.  See
@@ -4781,9 +6060,9 @@
 ** to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the
 ** third parameter.
 **
-** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero
-** bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter.
+** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob(C,N) and sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(C,N)
+** interfaces set the result of the application-defined function to be
+** a BLOB containing all zero bytes and N bytes in size.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from
 ** an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified
@@ -4832,6 +6111,10 @@
 ** set the return value of the application-defined function to be
 ** a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order,
 ** UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively.
+** ^The sqlite3_result_text64() interface sets the return value of an
+** application-defined function to be a text string in an encoding
+** specified by the fifth (and last) parameter, which must be one
+** of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE].
 ** ^SQLite takes the text result from the application from
 ** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
 ** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
@@ -4857,11 +6140,11 @@
 ** when it has finished using that result.
 ** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
 ** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
-** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
+** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained
 ** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a copy the
+** the application-defined function to be a copy of the
 ** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter.  ^The
 ** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
 ** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
@@ -4870,11 +6153,24 @@
 ** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
 ** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
 **
+** ^The sqlite3_result_pointer(C,P,T,D) interface sets the result to an
+** SQL NULL value, just like [sqlite3_result_null(C)], except that it
+** also associates the host-language pointer P or type T with that
+** NULL value such that the pointer can be retrieved within an
+** [application-defined SQL function] using [sqlite3_value_pointer()].
+** ^If the D parameter is not NULL, then it is a pointer to a destructor
+** for the P parameter.  ^SQLite invokes D with P as its only argument
+** when SQLite is finished with P.  The T parameter should be a static
+** string and preferably a string literal. The sqlite3_result_pointer()
+** routine is part of the [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
+**
 ** If these routines are called from within the different thread
 ** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
 ** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
 */
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
+                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
@@ -4885,14 +6181,34 @@
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
+                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_pointer(sqlite3_context*, void*,const char*,void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_subtype(C,T) function causes the subtype of
+** the result from the [application-defined SQL function] with
+** [sqlite3_context] C to be the value T.  Only the lower 8 bits
+** of the subtype T are preserved in current versions of SQLite;
+** higher order bits are discarded.
+** The number of subtype bytes preserved by SQLite might increase
+** in future releases of SQLite.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
 ** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
@@ -4995,6 +6311,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
 ** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
@@ -5042,6 +6359,11 @@
   sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
   const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
 );
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key_v2(
+  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
+  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
+  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
+);
 
 /*
 ** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
@@ -5055,6 +6377,11 @@
   sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
   const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
 );
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey_v2(
+  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
+  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
+  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
+);
 
 /*
 ** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless
@@ -5104,6 +6431,13 @@
 ** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
 ** temporary file directory.
 **
+** Applications are strongly discouraged from using this global variable.
+** It is required to set a temporary folder on Windows Runtime (WinRT).
+** But for all other platforms, it is highly recommended that applications
+** neither read nor write this variable.  This global variable is a relic
+** that exists for backwards compatibility of legacy applications and should
+** be avoided in new projects.
+**
 ** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
 ** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
 ** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
@@ -5122,6 +6456,11 @@
 ** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
 ** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
 ** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
+** Except when requested by the [temp_store_directory pragma], SQLite
+** does not free the memory that sqlite3_temp_directory points to.  If
+** the application wants that memory to be freed, it must do
+** so itself, taking care to only do so after all [database connection]
+** objects have been destroyed.
 **
 ** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
 ** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
@@ -5180,6 +6519,7 @@
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
 ** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
 ** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
@@ -5202,6 +6542,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
 ** to which a [prepared statement] belongs.  ^The [database connection]
@@ -5214,6 +6555,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
 ** associated with database N of connection D.  ^The main database file
@@ -5230,6 +6572,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
 ** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
@@ -5239,6 +6582,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
 ** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb.  ^If pStmt is NULL
@@ -5254,6 +6598,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
 ** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
@@ -5303,15 +6648,17 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
 ** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
-** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted in
+** a [rowid table].
 ** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
 ** for the same database connection is overridden.
 **
 ** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
-** row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table.
 ** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
 ** to sqlite3_update_hook().
 ** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
@@ -5324,9 +6671,10 @@
 **
 ** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
 ** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
+** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
 **
 ** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
-** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
+** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
 ** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
 ** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
 ** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
@@ -5344,8 +6692,8 @@
 ** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
 ** the first call on D.
 **
-** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()] and [sqlite3_rollback_hook()]
-** interfaces.
+** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()], [sqlite3_rollback_hook()],
+** and [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interfaces.
 */
 SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
   sqlite3*,
@@ -5362,7 +6710,8 @@
 ** and disabled if the argument is false.)^
 **
 ** ^Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.
-** This is a change as of SQLite version 3.5.0. In prior versions of SQLite,
+** This is a change as of SQLite [version 3.5.0] ([dateof:3.5.0]).
+** In prior versions of SQLite,
 ** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
 **
 ** ^(The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
@@ -5377,6 +6726,11 @@
 ** future releases of SQLite.  Applications that care about shared
 ** cache setting should set it explicitly.
 **
+** Note: This method is disabled on MacOS X 10.7 and iOS version 5.0
+** and will always return SQLITE_MISUSE. On those systems,
+** shared cache mode should be enabled per-database connection via
+** [sqlite3_open_v2()] with [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE].
+**
 ** This interface is threadsafe on processors where writing a
 ** 32-bit integer is atomic.
 **
@@ -5402,11 +6756,12 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
 ** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
-** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is effect even
-** when then [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
+** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is in effect even
+** when the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
 ** omitted.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
@@ -5450,7 +6805,8 @@
 **      from the heap.
 ** </ul>)^
 **
-** Beginning with SQLite version 3.7.3, the soft heap limit is enforced
+** Beginning with SQLite [version 3.7.3] ([dateof:3.7.3]),
+** the soft heap limit is enforced
 ** regardless of whether or not the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT]
 ** compile-time option is invoked.  With [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT],
 ** the soft heap limit is enforced on every memory allocation.  Without
@@ -5479,21 +6835,31 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
-**
-** ^This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
-** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
-** passed as the first function argument.
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,....) routine returns
+** information about column C of table T in database D
+** on [database connection] X.)^  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata()
+** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
+** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
+** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
+** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
+** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
+** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existence of the
+** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
+** does not.  If the table name parameter T in a call to
+** sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,...) is NULL then the result is
+** undefined behavior.
 **
 ** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
-** this function. ^The second parameter is either the name of the database
+** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
 ** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
-** table or NULL. ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
+** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
 ** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
 ** resolve unqualified table references.
 **
 ** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
-** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
-** may be NULL.
+** name of the desired column, respectively.
 **
 ** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
 ** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
@@ -5512,16 +6878,17 @@
 ** </blockquote>)^
 **
 ** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
-** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
+** declaration type and collation sequence is valid until the next
 ** call to any SQLite API function.
 **
 ** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
 **
-** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an
+** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and the table
+** is not a [WITHOUT ROWID] table and an
 ** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
 ** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
-** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
-** parameters are set as follows:
+** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the outputs
+** for the [rowid] are set as follows:
 **
 ** <pre>
 **     data type: "INTEGER"
@@ -5531,13 +6898,9 @@
 **     auto increment: 0
 ** </pre>)^
 **
-** ^(This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
-** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
-** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
-** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).)^
-**
-** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
+** ^This function causes all database schemas to be read from disk and
+** parsed, if that has not already been done, and returns an error if
+** any errors are encountered while loading the schema.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
   sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
@@ -5553,15 +6916,25 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
-** SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile.
+** [SQLite extension] library contained in the file zFile.  If
+** the file cannot be loaded directly, attempts are made to load
+** with various operating-system specific extensions added.
+** So for example, if "samplelib" cannot be loaded, then names like
+** "samplelib.so" or "samplelib.dylib" or "samplelib.dll" might
+** be tried also.
 **
 ** ^The entry point is zProc.
-** ^zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
-** defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
+** ^(zProc may be 0, in which case SQLite will try to come up with an
+** entry point name on its own.  It first tries "sqlite3_extension_init".
+** If that does not work, it constructs a name "sqlite3_X_init" where the
+** X is consists of the lower-case equivalent of all ASCII alphabetic
+** characters in the filename from the last "/" to the first following
+** "." and omitting any initial "lib".)^
 ** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
 ** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
 ** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
@@ -5571,9 +6944,18 @@
 ** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
 **
 ** ^Extension loading must be enabled using
-** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
+** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] or
+** [sqlite3_db_config](db,[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION],1,NULL)
+** prior to calling this API,
 ** otherwise an error will be returned.
 **
+** <b>Security warning:</b> It is recommended that the
+** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION] method be used to enable only this
+** interface.  The use of the [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] interface
+** should be avoided.  This will keep the SQL function [load_extension()]
+** disabled and prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
+** access to extension loading capabilities.
+**
 ** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
@@ -5585,16 +6967,28 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
-** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
-** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
+** unprepared to deal with [extension loading], and as a means of disabling
+** [extension loading] while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
 ** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
 **
-** ^Extension loading is off by default. See ticket #1863.
+** ^Extension loading is off by default.
 ** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
 ** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
 ** it back off again.
+**
+** ^This interface enables or disables both the C-API
+** [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
+** ^(Use [sqlite3_db_config](db,[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION],..)
+** to enable or disable only the C-API.)^
+**
+** <b>Security warning:</b> It is recommended that extension loading
+** be disabled using the [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION] method
+** rather than this interface, so the [load_extension()] SQL function
+** remains disabled. This will prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
+** access to extension loading capabilities.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
 
@@ -5603,12 +6997,12 @@
 **
 ** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
 ** each new [database connection] that is created.  The idea here is that
-** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked SQLite extension
+** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked [SQLite extension]
 ** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
 **
 ** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
 ** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
-** arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the
+** arguments and expects an integer result as if the signature of the
 ** entry point where as follows:
 **
 ** <blockquote><pre>
@@ -5631,9 +7025,22 @@
 ** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
 ** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
 **
-** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
+** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
+** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void(*xEntryPoint)(void));
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
+** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
+** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)].  ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
+** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully
+** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
+** routines.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void(*xEntryPoint)(void));
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
@@ -5743,6 +7150,17 @@
 ** ^Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[].
 ** ^Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause.
 **
+** The colUsed field indicates which columns of the virtual table may be
+** required by the current scan. Virtual table columns are numbered from
+** zero in the order in which they appear within the CREATE TABLE statement
+** passed to sqlite3_declare_vtab(). For the first 63 columns (columns 0-62),
+** the corresponding bit is set within the colUsed mask if the column may be
+** required by SQLite. If the table has at least 64 columns and any column
+** to the right of the first 63 is required, then bit 63 of colUsed is also
+** set. In other words, column iCol may be required if the expression
+** (colUsed & ((sqlite3_uint64)1 << (iCol>=63 ? 63 : iCol))) evaluates to
+** non-zero.
+**
 ** The [xBestIndex] method must fill aConstraintUsage[] with information
 ** about what parameters to pass to xFilter.  ^If argvIndex>0 then
 ** the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated
@@ -5759,16 +7177,48 @@
 ** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
 ** sorting step is required.
 **
-** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of doing the
-** particular lookup.  A full scan of a table with N entries should have
-** a cost of N.  A binary search of a table of N entries should have a
-** cost of approximately log(N).
+** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of a particular
+** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
+** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N)
+** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
+** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
+**
+** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
+** will be returned by the strategy.
+**
+** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a
+** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
+** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
+** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row.
+**
+** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
+** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
+** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
+** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
+** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
+** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
+** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
+** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
+** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
+**
+** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
+** structure for SQLite [version 3.8.2] ([dateof:3.8.2]).
+** If a virtual table extension is
+** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting
+** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely
+** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
+** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
+** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
+** was added for [version 3.9.0] ([dateof:3.9.0]).
+** It may therefore only be used if
+** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
+** 3009000.
 */
 struct sqlite3_index_info {
   /* Inputs */
   int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
   struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
-     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
+     int iColumn;              /* Column constrained.  -1 for ROWID */
      unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
      unsigned char usable;     /* True if this constraint is usable */
      int iTermOffset;          /* Used internally - xBestIndex should ignore */
@@ -5787,8 +7237,19 @@
   char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
   int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
   int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
-  double estimatedCost;      /* Estimated cost of using this index */
-};
+  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
+  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.9.0 and later */
+  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.10.0 and later */
+  sqlite3_uint64 colUsed;    /* Input: Mask of columns used by statement */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
+*/
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
@@ -5798,15 +7259,24 @@
 ** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
 ** a query that uses a [virtual table].
 */
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ    2
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT    4
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE    8
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT    16
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE    32
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ         2
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT         4
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE         8
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT        16
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE        32
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH     64
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LIKE      65
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
 ** ^Module names must be registered before
@@ -5864,7 +7334,7 @@
 */
 struct sqlite3_vtab {
   const sqlite3_module *pModule;  /* The module for this virtual table */
-  int nRef;                       /* NO LONGER USED */
+  int nRef;                       /* Number of open cursors */
   char *zErrMsg;                  /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
   /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
 };
@@ -5903,6 +7373,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
 ** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].
@@ -5945,6 +7416,8 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
 ** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
@@ -5954,26 +7427,48 @@
 **     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
 ** </pre>)^
 **
+** ^(Parameter zDb is not the filename that contains the database, but
+** rather the symbolic name of the database. For attached databases, this is
+** the name that appears after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement.
+** For the main database file, the database name is "main". For TEMP
+** tables, the database name is "temp".)^
+**
 ** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
-** and write access. ^If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
-** ^It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary
-** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is
-** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
-**
-** ^Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
-** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
-** appears after the AS keyword when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
-** ^For the main database file, the database name is "main".
-** ^For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
-**
-** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
-** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set
-** to be a null pointer.)^
-** ^This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
-** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
-** functions. ^Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
-** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
-** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.
+** and write access. ^If the flags parameter is zero, the BLOB is opened for
+** read-only access.
+**
+** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is stored
+** in *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and, unless the error
+** code is SQLITE_MISUSE, *ppBlob is set to NULL.)^ ^This means that, provided
+** the API is not misused, it is always safe to call [sqlite3_blob_close()]
+** on *ppBlob after this function it returns.
+**
+** This function fails with SQLITE_ERROR if any of the following are true:
+** <ul>
+**   <li> ^(Database zDb does not exist)^,
+**   <li> ^(Table zTable does not exist within database zDb)^,
+**   <li> ^(Table zTable is a WITHOUT ROWID table)^,
+**   <li> ^(Column zColumn does not exist)^,
+**   <li> ^(Row iRow is not present in the table)^,
+**   <li> ^(The specified column of row iRow contains a value that is not
+**         a TEXT or BLOB value)^,
+**   <li> ^(Column zColumn is part of an index, PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE
+**         constraint and the blob is being opened for read/write access)^,
+**   <li> ^([foreign key constraints | Foreign key constraints] are enabled,
+**         column zColumn is part of a [child key] definition and the blob is
+**         being opened for read/write access)^.
+** </ul>
+**
+** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the
+** [database connection] error code and message accessible via
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions.
+**
+** A BLOB referenced by sqlite3_blob_open() may be read using the
+** [sqlite3_blob_read()] interface and modified by using
+** [sqlite3_blob_write()].  The [BLOB handle] can be moved to a
+** different row of the same table using the [sqlite3_blob_reopen()]
+** interface.  However, the column, table, or database of a [BLOB handle]
+** cannot be changed after the [BLOB handle] is opened.
 **
 ** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
 ** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
@@ -5992,12 +7487,15 @@
 ** blob.
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
-** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
-** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
-** this interface.
+** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a
+** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
 **
 ** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
 ** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_blob_close()],
+** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()], [sqlite3_blob_read()],
+** [sqlite3_blob_bytes()], [sqlite3_blob_write()].
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
   sqlite3*,
@@ -6011,12 +7509,13 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
-**
-** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
+**
+** ^This function is used to move an existing [BLOB handle] so that it points
 ** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
 ** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
 ** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
-** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
+** remain the same. Moving an existing [BLOB handle] to a new row is
 ** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
 **
 ** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
@@ -6031,34 +7530,34 @@
 **
 ** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
 */
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
-**
-** ^Closes an open [BLOB handle].
-**
-** ^Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
-** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
-** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
-** ^If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
-** until the close operation if they will fit.
-**
-** ^(Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
-** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
-** at the time when the BLOB is closed.  Any errors that occur during
-** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.)^
-**
-** ^(The BLOB is closed unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns
-** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.)^
-**
-** ^Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned
-** by a failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
+**
+** ^This function closes an open [BLOB handle]. ^(The BLOB handle is closed
+** unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns an error code, the
+** handle is still closed.)^
+**
+** ^If the blob handle being closed was opened for read-write access, and if
+** the database is in auto-commit mode and there are no other open read-write
+** blob handles or active write statements, the current transaction is
+** committed. ^If an error occurs while committing the transaction, an error
+** code is returned and the transaction rolled back.
+**
+** Calling this function with an argument that is not a NULL pointer or an
+** open blob handle results in undefined behaviour. ^Calling this routine
+** with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to
+** [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op. ^Otherwise, if this function
+** is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the
+** sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the
 ** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument.  ^The
@@ -6074,6 +7573,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
 ** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
@@ -6102,22 +7602,29 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
-**
-** ^This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
-** caller-supplied buffer. ^N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
-** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
+**
+** ^(This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
+** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
+** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
+**
+** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
+** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
+** ^Unless SQLITE_MISUSE is returned, this function sets the
+** [database connection] error code and message accessible via
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions.
 **
 ** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
 ** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
 ** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
 **
-** ^This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
+** This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
 ** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
 ** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
-** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.  ^If N is
-** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
-** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
-** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. The size of the
+** BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset) can be determined
+** using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface. ^If N or iOffset are less
+** than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
 **
 ** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
 ** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].  ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
@@ -6126,9 +7633,6 @@
 ** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
 ** or by other independent statements.
 **
-** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
-** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
-**
 ** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
 ** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
 ** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
@@ -6181,45 +7685,51 @@
 **
 ** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
 ** of these mutex routines.  An appropriate implementation
-** is selected automatically at compile-time.  ^(The following
+** is selected automatically at compile-time.  The following
 ** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
+** </ul>
+**
+** The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
 ** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
-** a single-threaded application.  ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
+** a single-threaded application.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
 ** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix
 ** and Windows.
 **
-** ^(If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
+** If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
 ** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
 ** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
 ** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
 ** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
 ** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
-** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().)^
+** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
-** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^If it returns NULL
-** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  ^SQLite
-** will unwind its stack and return an error.  ^(The argument
-** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
+** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
+** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
+** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
+** integer constants:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
-** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
-** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2
-** </ul>)^
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3
+** </ul>
 **
 ** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
 ** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
@@ -6227,14 +7737,14 @@
 ** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
 ** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
 ** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
-** not want to.  ^SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
-** cases where it really needs one.  ^If a faster non-recursive mutex
+** not want to.  SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
+** cases where it really needs one.  If a faster non-recursive mutex
 ** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
 ** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
 **
 ** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
 ** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
-** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Six static mutexes are
+** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Nine static mutexes are
 ** used by the current version of SQLite.  Future versions of SQLite
 ** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
 ** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
@@ -6243,16 +7753,13 @@
 **
 ** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
 ** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
-** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^But for the static
+** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^For the static
 ** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
 ** the same type number.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
-** allocated dynamic mutex.  ^SQLite is careful to deallocate every
-** dynamic mutex that it allocates.  The dynamic mutexes must not be in
-** use when they are deallocated.  Attempting to deallocate a static
-** mutex results in undefined behavior.  ^SQLite never deallocates
-** a static mutex.
+** allocated dynamic mutex.  Attempting to deallocate a static
+** mutex results in undefined behavior.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
 ** to enter a mutex.  ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
@@ -6260,23 +7767,21 @@
 ** SQLITE_BUSY.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
 ** upon successful entry.  ^(Mutexes created using
 ** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
-** In such cases the,
+** In such cases, the
 ** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
-** can enter.)^  ^(If the same thread tries to enter any other
-** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
-** SQLite will never exhibit
-** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.)^
+** can enter.)^  If the same thread tries to enter any mutex other
+** than an SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE more than once, the behavior is undefined.
 **
 ** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
 ** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try().  On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
-** will always return SQLITE_BUSY.  The SQLite core only ever uses
-** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.)^
+** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses
+** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable
+** behavior.)^
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
-** previously entered by the same thread.   ^(The behavior
+** previously entered by the same thread.   The behavior
 ** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
-** calling thread or is not currently allocated.  SQLite will
-** never do either.)^
+** calling thread or is not currently allocated.
 **
 ** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
 ** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
@@ -6297,9 +7802,9 @@
 ** used to allocate and use mutexes.
 **
 ** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
-** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
+** sufficient, however the application has the option of substituting a custom
 ** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
-** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
+** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the application
 ** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
 ** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
 ** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
@@ -6340,13 +7845,13 @@
 ** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
 ** it is passed a NULL pointer).
 **
-** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  ^It must be harmless to
+** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  It must be harmless to
 ** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
 ** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
 ** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
 **
-** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
-** and its associates).  ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
+** xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
+** and its associates).  Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
 ** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
 ** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
 **
@@ -6372,29 +7877,29 @@
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
 **
 ** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
-** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  ^The SQLite core
+** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  The SQLite core
 ** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
-** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  ^The SQLite core only
+** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  The SQLite core only
 ** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
-** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  ^External mutex implementations
+** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  External mutex implementations
 ** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
 ** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
 **
-** ^These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
+** These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
 ** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
 **
-** ^The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
+** The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
 ** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
 ** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
 ** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
 **
-** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
+** If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
 ** the routine should return 1.   This seems counter-intuitive since
 ** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist.  But
 ** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
 ** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
 ** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
-** the appropriate thing to do.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
+** the appropriate thing to do.  The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
 ** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
 */
 #ifndef NDEBUG
@@ -6418,13 +7923,20 @@
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that
 ** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
@@ -6436,6 +7948,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
 ** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
@@ -6450,9 +7963,9 @@
 ** the xFileControl method.  ^The return value of the xFileControl
 ** method becomes the return value of this routine.
 **
-** ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER value for the op parameter causes
+** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] value for the op parameter causes
 ** a pointer to the underlying [sqlite3_file] object to be written into
-** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter.  ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER
+** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]
 ** case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the
 ** underlying sqlite3_io_methods.xFileControl method.
 **
@@ -6464,7 +7977,7 @@
 ** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
 ** xFileControl method.
 **
-** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
+** See also: [file control opcodes]
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
 
@@ -6511,15 +8024,23 @@
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    19
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE         26
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    26  /* Largest TESTCTRL */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
 **
-** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
+** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
 ** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
 ** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
 ** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes
@@ -6533,19 +8054,22 @@
 ** ^(Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current
 ** value.  For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent.)^
 **
-** ^The sqlite3_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
-** non-zero [error code] on failure.
-**
-** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic.  This routine can be
-** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
-** interfaces.  However the values returned in *pCurrent and
-** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
-** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
-** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
+** ^The sqlite3_status() and sqlite3_status64() routines return
+** SQLITE_OK on success and a non-zero [error code] on failure.
+**
+** If either the current value or the highwater mark is too large to
+** be represented by a 32-bit integer, then the values returned by
+** sqlite3_status() are undefined.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status64(
+  int op,
+  sqlite3_int64 *pCurrent,
+  sqlite3_int64 *pHighwater,
+  int resetFlag
+);
 
 
 /*
@@ -6560,8 +8084,7 @@
 ** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
 ** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly.  The
 ** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
-** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library.  Scratch memory
-** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
+** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library.  Auxiliary page-cache
 ** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
 ** this parameter.  The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
 ** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>)^
@@ -6599,32 +8122,18 @@
 ** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
 ** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
 **
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
-** [scratch memory allocator] configured using
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH].  The value returned is in allocations, not
-** in bytes.  Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation
-** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
-** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>)^
+** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
+** <dd>No longer used.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
-** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
-** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()].  The values
-** returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too
-** larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the
-** "sz" parameter to [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]) and because no scratch buffer
-** slots were available.
-** </dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
-** handed to [scratch memory allocator].  Only the value returned in the
-** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
-** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
+** <dd>No longer used.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
+** <dd>No longer used.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the deepest parser stack.  It is only
+** <dd>The *pHighwater parameter records the deepest parser stack.
+** The *pCurrent value is undefined.  The *pHighwater value is only
 ** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
 ** </dl>
 **
@@ -6633,16 +8142,17 @@
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED          0
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED       1
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3  /* NOT USED */
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT         9
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
 ** about a single [database connection].  ^The first argument is the
@@ -6705,12 +8215,24 @@
 ** the current value is always zero.)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
 **
+** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED]]
+** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter is similar to DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, except that if a
+** pager cache is shared between two or more connections the bytes of heap
+** memory used by that pager cache is divided evenly between the attached
+** connections.)^  In other words, if none of the pager caches associated
+** with the database connection are shared, this request returns the same
+** value as DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED. Or, if one or more or the pager caches are
+** shared, the value returned by this call will be smaller than that returned
+** by DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED. ^The highwater mark associated with
+** SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED is always 0.
+**
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
 ** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^
 ** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
@@ -6719,7 +8241,7 @@
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0.
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
 ** the database connection.)^
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
@@ -6747,6 +8269,21 @@
 ** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
 ** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
 ** </dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of dirty cache entries that have
+** been written to disk in the middle of a transaction due to the page
+** cache overflowing. Transactions are more efficient if they are written
+** to disk all at once. When pages spill mid-transaction, that introduces
+** additional overhead. This parameter can be used help identify
+** inefficiencies that can be resolve by increasing the cache size.
+** </dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
+** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
+** resolved.)^  ^The highwater mark is always 0.
+** </dd>
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
@@ -6759,11 +8296,15 @@
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  9   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED   11
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL         12
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 12   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
 ** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
@@ -6813,11 +8354,42 @@
 ** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
 ** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
 ** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
+** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
+** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
+** to 2147483647.  The number of virtual machine operations can be
+** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
+** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
+** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE</dt>
+** <dd>^This is the number of times that the prepare statement has been
+** automatically regenerated due to schema changes or change to
+** [bound parameters] that might affect the query plan.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN</dt>
+** <dd>^This is the number of times that the prepared statement has
+** been run.  A single "run" for the purposes of this counter is one
+** or more calls to [sqlite3_step()] followed by a call to [sqlite3_reset()].
+** The counter is incremented on the first [sqlite3_step()] call of each
+** cycle.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED</dt>
+** <dd>^This is the approximate number of bytes of heap memory
+** used to store the prepared statement.  ^This value is not actually
+** a counter, and so the resetFlg parameter to sqlite3_stmt_status()
+** is ignored when the opcode is SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED.
+** </dd>
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP           4
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE         5
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN               6
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED           99
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
@@ -7102,6 +8674,10 @@
 ** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
 ** an error.
 **
+** ^A call to sqlite3_backup_init() will fail, returning NULL, if
+** there is already a read or read-write transaction open on the
+** destination database.
+**
 ** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
 ** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
 ** destination [database connection] D.
@@ -7194,20 +8770,20 @@
 ** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
 ** sqlite3_backup_finish().
 **
-** [[sqlite3_backup__remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
+** [[sqlite3_backup_remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
 ** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
 **
-** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
-** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
-** up and the total number of pages in the source database file.
-** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
-** retrieve these two values, respectively.
-**
-** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
-** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
-** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
-** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
-** changing.
+** ^The sqlite3_backup_remaining() routine returns the number of pages still
+** to be backed up at the conclusion of the most recent sqlite3_backup_step().
+** ^The sqlite3_backup_pagecount() routine returns the total number of pages
+** in the source database at the conclusion of the most recent
+** sqlite3_backup_step().
+** ^(The values returned by these functions are only updated by
+** sqlite3_backup_step(). If the source database is modified in a way that
+** changes the size of the source database or the number of pages remaining,
+** those changes are not reflected in the output of sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
+** and sqlite3_backup_remaining() until after the next
+** sqlite3_backup_step().)^
 **
 ** <b>Concurrent Usage of Database Handles</b>
 **
@@ -7253,6 +8829,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
 ** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
@@ -7384,9 +8961,49 @@
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: String Globbing
+*
+** ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] interface returns zero if and only if
+** string X matches the [GLOB] pattern P.
+** ^The definition of [GLOB] pattern matching used in
+** [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] is the same as for the "X GLOB P" operator in the
+** SQL dialect understood by SQLite.  ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] function
+** is case sensitive.
+**
+** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
+** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_strlike()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: String LIKE Matching
+*
+** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] interface returns zero if and only if
+** string X matches the [LIKE] pattern P with escape character E.
+** ^The definition of [LIKE] pattern matching used in
+** [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] is the same as for the "X LIKE P ESCAPE E"
+** operator in the SQL dialect understood by SQLite.  ^For "X LIKE P" without
+** the ESCAPE clause, set the E parameter of [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] to 0.
+** ^As with the LIKE operator, the [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] function is case
+** insensitive - equivalent upper and lower case ASCII characters match
+** one another.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] function matches Unicode characters, though
+** only ASCII characters are case folded.
+**
+** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
+** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_strglob()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr, unsigned int cEsc);
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
 **
-** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the error log
+** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the [error log]
 ** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
 ** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
 ** used with [sqlite3_snprintf()] to generate the final output string.
@@ -7408,14 +9025,13 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
-** will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a
-** [write-ahead log] (i.e. whenever a transaction is committed in
-** [journal_mode | journal_mode=WAL mode]).
-**
-** ^The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and
-** the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation
+** is invoked each time data is committed to a database in wal mode.
+**
+** ^(The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and
+** the associated write-lock on the database released)^, so the implementation
 ** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
 **
 ** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
@@ -7439,7 +9055,7 @@
 ** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
 ** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
 ** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
-** those overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
+** overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
 */
 SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
   sqlite3*,
@@ -7449,6 +9065,7 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(D,N)] is a wrapper around
 ** [sqlite3_wal_hook()] that causes any database on [database connection] D
@@ -7466,6 +9083,9 @@
 ** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
 ** from SQL.
 **
+** ^Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are
+** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE].
+**
 ** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
 ** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
 ** pages.  The use of this interface
@@ -7476,91 +9096,117 @@
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
-** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
-** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
-** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
-** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
-**
-** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
-** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
-** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
-** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) is equivalent to
+** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2](D,X,[SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE],0,0).)^
+**
+** In brief, sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) causes the content in the
+** [write-ahead log] for database X on [database connection] D to be
+** transferred into the database file and for the write-ahead log to
+** be reset.  See the [checkpointing] documentation for addition
+** information.
+**
+** This interface used to be the only way to cause a checkpoint to
+** occur.  But then the newer and more powerful [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
+** interface was added.  This interface is retained for backwards
+** compatibility and as a convenience for applications that need to manually
+** start a callback but which do not need the full power (and corresponding
+** complication) of [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** Run a checkpoint operation on WAL database zDb attached to database
-** handle db. The specific operation is determined by the value of the
-** eMode parameter:
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(D,X,M,L,C) interface runs a checkpoint
+** operation on database X of [database connection] D in mode M.  Status
+** information is written back into integers pointed to by L and C.)^
+** ^(The M parameter must be a valid [checkpoint mode]:)^
 **
 ** <dl>
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
-**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database
-**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
-**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling
-**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The busy-handler callback is never invoked.
+**   ^Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database
+**   readers or writers to finish, then sync the database file if all frames
+**   in the log were checkpointed. ^The [busy-handler callback]
+**   is never invoked in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode.
+**   ^On the other hand, passive mode might leave the checkpoint unfinished
+**   if there are concurrent readers or writers.
 **
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
-**   This mode blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until there is no
+**   ^This mode blocks (it invokes the
+**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
 **   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
-**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
-**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-**   but not database readers.
+**   snapshot. ^It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
+**   database file. ^This mode blocks new database writers while it is pending,
+**   but new database readers are allowed to continue unimpeded.
 **
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
-**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after
-**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback)
-**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures
-**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file
-**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-**   but not database readers.
+**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL with the addition
+**   that after checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the
+**   [busy-handler callback])
+**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. ^This ensures
+**   that the next writer will restart the log file from the beginning.
+**   ^Like SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, this mode blocks new
+**   database writer attempts while it is pending, but does not impede readers.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE<dd>
+**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART with the
+**   addition that it also truncates the log file to zero bytes just prior
+**   to a successful return.
 ** </dl>
 **
-** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
-** the log file before returning. If pnCkpt is not NULL, then *pnCkpt is set to
-** the total number of checkpointed frames (including any that were already
-** checkpointed when this function is called). *pnLog and *pnCkpt may be
-** populated even if sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() returns other than SQLITE_OK.
-** If no values are available because of an error, they are both set to -1
-** before returning to communicate this to the caller.
-**
-** All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. If
+** ^If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
+** the log file or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run because
+** of an error or because the database is not in [WAL mode]. ^If pnCkpt is not
+** NULL,then *pnCkpt is set to the total number of checkpointed frames in the
+** log file (including any that were already checkpointed before the function
+** was called) or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run due to an error or
+** because the database is not in WAL mode. ^Note that upon successful
+** completion of an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE, the log file will have been
+** truncated to zero bytes and so both *pnLog and *pnCkpt will be set to zero.
+**
+** ^All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. ^If
 ** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the
-** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. Even if there is a
+** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. ^Even if there is a
 ** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
 **
-** The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL and RESTART modes also obtain the exclusive
-** "writer" lock on the database file. If the writer lock cannot be obtained
-** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the writer
-** lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock is
-** successfully obtained. The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
-** database readers as described above. If the busy-handler returns 0 before
+** ^The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, RESTART and TRUNCATE modes also obtain the
+** exclusive "writer" lock on the database file. ^If the writer lock cannot be
+** obtained immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and
+** the writer lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock
+** is successfully obtained. ^The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
+** database readers as described above. ^If the busy-handler returns 0 before
 ** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
 ** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as
 ** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible
-** without blocking any further. SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
-**
-** If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
-** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases. In this case the
-** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. If
+** without blocking any further. ^SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
+**
+** ^If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
+** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases [attached] to
+** [database connection] db.  In this case the
+** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. ^If
 ** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the
 ** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining
-** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. If any other
+** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned at the end. ^If any other
 ** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned
-** and the error code returned to the caller immediately. If no error
+** and the error code is returned to the caller immediately. ^If no error
 ** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached
 ** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
 **
-** If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
-** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. If
+** ^If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
+** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. ^If
 ** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
 ** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.
+**
+** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE,
+** the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface
+** sets the error information that is queried by
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
+**
+** ^The [PRAGMA wal_checkpoint] command can be used to invoke this interface
+** from SQL.
 */
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
@@ -7571,16 +9217,18 @@
 );
 
 /*
-** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint operation parameters
-**
-** These constants can be used as the 3rd parameter to
-** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].  See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
-** documentation for additional information about the meaning and use of
-** each of these values.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE 0
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL    1
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART 2
+** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint Mode Values
+** KEYWORDS: {checkpoint mode}
+**
+** These constants define all valid values for the "checkpoint mode" passed
+** as the third parameter to the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface.
+** See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] documentation for details on the
+** meaning of each of these checkpoint modes.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE  0  /* Do as much as possible w/o blocking */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL     1  /* Wait for writers, then checkpoint */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART  2  /* Like FULL but wait for for readers */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE 3  /* Like RESTART but also truncate WAL */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
@@ -7652,7 +9300,42 @@
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: Determine If Virtual Table Column Access Is For UPDATE
+**
+** If the sqlite3_vtab_nochange(X) routine is called within the [xColumn]
+** method of a [virtual table], then it returns true if and only if the
+** column is being fetched as part of an UPDATE operation during which the
+** column value will not change.  Applications might use this to substitute
+** a lighter-weight value to return that the corresponding [xUpdate] method
+** understands as a "no-change" value.
+**
+** If the [xColumn] method calls sqlite3_vtab_nochange() and finds that
+** the column is not changed by the UPDATE statement, they the xColumn
+** method can optionally return without setting a result, without calling
+** any of the [sqlite3_result_int|sqlite3_result_xxxxx() interfaces].
+** In that case, [sqlite3_value_nochange(X)] will return true for the
+** same column in the [xUpdate] method.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_nochange(sqlite3_context*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Determine The Collation For a Virtual Table Constraint
+**
+** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xBestIndex]
+** method of a [virtual table].
+**
+** The first argument must be the sqlite3_index_info object that is the
+** first parameter to the xBestIndex() method. The second argument must be
+** an index into the aConstraint[] array belonging to the sqlite3_index_info
+** structure passed to xBestIndex. This function returns a pointer to a buffer
+** containing the name of the collation sequence for the corresponding
+** constraint.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL const char *sqlite3_vtab_collation(sqlite3_index_info*,int);
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
+** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
 **
 ** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
 ** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
@@ -7668,7 +9351,555 @@
 /* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4  // Also an error code */
 #define SQLITE_REPLACE  5
 
-
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status Opcodes
+** KEYWORDS: {scanstatus options}
+**
+** The following constants can be used for the T parameter to the
+** [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(S,X,T,V)] interface.  Each constant designates a
+** different metric for sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() to return.
+**
+** When the value returned to V is a string, space to hold that string is
+** managed by the prepared statement S and will be automatically freed when
+** S is finalized.
+**
+** <dl>
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP</dt>
+** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be
+** set to the total number of times that the X-th loop has run.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT</dt>
+** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to the total number of rows examined by all iterations of the X-th loop.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST</dt>
+** <dd>^The "double" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
+** query planner's estimate for the average number of rows output from each
+** iteration of the X-th loop.  If the query planner's estimates was accurate,
+** then this value will approximate the quotient NVISIT/NLOOP and the
+** product of this value for all prior loops with the same SELECTID will
+** be the NLOOP value for the current loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME</dt>
+** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the name of the index or table
+** used for the X-th loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN</dt>
+** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN]
+** description for the X-th loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECT</dt>
+** <dd>^The "int" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
+** "select-id" for the X-th loop.  The select-id identifies which query or
+** subquery the loop is part of.  The main query has a select-id of zero.
+** The select-id is the same value as is output in the first column
+** of an [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN] query.
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP    0
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT   1
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST      2
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME     3
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN  4
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID 5
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** This interface returns information about the predicted and measured
+** performance for pStmt.  Advanced applications can use this
+** interface to compare the predicted and the measured performance and
+** issue warnings and/or rerun [ANALYZE] if discrepancies are found.
+**
+** Since this interface is expected to be rarely used, it is only
+** available if SQLite is compiled using the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS]
+** compile-time option.
+**
+** The "iScanStatusOp" parameter determines which status information to return.
+** The "iScanStatusOp" must be one of the [scanstatus options] or the behavior
+** of this interface is undefined.
+** ^The requested measurement is written into a variable pointed to by
+** the "pOut" parameter.
+** Parameter "idx" identifies the specific loop to retrieve statistics for.
+** Loops are numbered starting from zero. ^If idx is out of range - less than
+** zero or greater than or equal to the total number of loops used to implement
+** the statement - a non-zero value is returned and the variable that pOut
+** points to is unchanged.
+**
+** ^Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. ^In cases
+** where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves
+** as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable
+** that pOut points to unchanged.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset()]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
+  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,      /* Prepared statement for which info desired */
+  int idx,                  /* Index of loop to report on */
+  int iScanStatusOp,        /* Information desired.  SQLITE_SCANSTAT_* */
+  void *pOut                /* Result written here */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Zero Scan-Status Counters
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** ^Zero all [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus()] related event counters.
+**
+** This API is only available if the library is built with pre-processor
+** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
+**
+** ^If a write-transaction is open on [database connection] D when the
+** [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)] interface invoked, any dirty
+** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out
+** to disk. A dirty page may be in use if a database cursor created by an
+** active SQL statement is reading from it, or if it is page 1 of a database
+** file (page 1 is always "in use").  ^The [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)]
+** interface flushes caches for all schemas - "main", "temp", and
+** any [attached] databases.
+**
+** ^If this function needs to obtain extra database locks before dirty pages
+** can be flushed to disk, it does so. ^If those locks cannot be obtained
+** immediately and there is a busy-handler callback configured, it is invoked
+** in the usual manner. ^If the required lock still cannot be obtained, then
+** the database is skipped and an attempt made to flush any dirty pages
+** belonging to the next (if any) database. ^If any databases are skipped
+** because locks cannot be obtained, but no other error occurs, this
+** function returns SQLITE_BUSY.
+**
+** ^If any other error occurs while flushing dirty pages to disk (for
+** example an IO error or out-of-memory condition), then processing is
+** abandoned and an SQLite [error code] is returned to the caller immediately.
+**
+** ^Otherwise, if no error occurs, [sqlite3_db_cacheflush()] returns SQLITE_OK.
+**
+** ^This function does not set the database handle error code or message
+** returned by the [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] functions.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: The pre-update hook.
+**
+** ^These interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled using the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK] compile-time option.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interface registers a callback function
+** that is invoked prior to each [INSERT], [UPDATE], and [DELETE] operation
+** on a database table.
+** ^At most one preupdate hook may be registered at a time on a single
+** [database connection]; each call to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] overrides
+** the previous setting.
+** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
+** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
+** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
+** the first parameter to callbacks.
+**
+** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
+** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
+** system tables like sqlite_master or sqlite_stat1.
+**
+** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
+** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
+** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
+** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
+** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
+** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
+** database within the database connection that is being modified.  This
+** will be "main" for the main database or "temp" for TEMP tables or
+** the name given after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement for attached
+** databases.)^
+** ^The fifth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
+** table that is being modified.
+**
+** For an UPDATE or DELETE operation on a [rowid table], the sixth
+** parameter passed to the preupdate callback is the initial [rowid] of the
+** row being modified or deleted. For an INSERT operation on a rowid table,
+** or any operation on a WITHOUT ROWID table, the value of the sixth
+** parameter is undefined. For an INSERT or UPDATE on a rowid table the
+** seventh parameter is the final rowid value of the row being inserted
+** or updated. The value of the seventh parameter passed to the callback
+** function is not defined for operations on WITHOUT ROWID tables, or for
+** INSERT operations on rowid tables.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_preupdate_old()], [sqlite3_preupdate_new()],
+** [sqlite3_preupdate_count()], and [sqlite3_preupdate_depth()] interfaces
+** provide additional information about a preupdate event. These routines
+** may only be called from within a preupdate callback.  Invoking any of
+** these routines from outside of a preupdate callback or with a
+** [database connection] pointer that is different from the one supplied
+** to the preupdate callback results in undefined and probably undesirable
+** behavior.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_count(D)] interface returns the number of columns
+** in the row that is being inserted, updated, or deleted.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_old(D,N,P)] interface writes into P a pointer to
+** a [protected sqlite3_value] that contains the value of the Nth column of
+** the table row before it is updated.  The N parameter must be between 0
+** and one less than the number of columns or the behavior will be
+** undefined. This must only be used within SQLITE_UPDATE and SQLITE_DELETE
+** preupdate callbacks; if it is used by an SQLITE_INSERT callback then the
+** behavior is undefined.  The [sqlite3_value] that P points to
+** will be destroyed when the preupdate callback returns.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_new(D,N,P)] interface writes into P a pointer to
+** a [protected sqlite3_value] that contains the value of the Nth column of
+** the table row after it is updated.  The N parameter must be between 0
+** and one less than the number of columns or the behavior will be
+** undefined. This must only be used within SQLITE_INSERT and SQLITE_UPDATE
+** preupdate callbacks; if it is used by an SQLITE_DELETE callback then the
+** behavior is undefined.  The [sqlite3_value] that P points to
+** will be destroyed when the preupdate callback returns.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_depth(D)] interface returns 0 if the preupdate
+** callback was invoked as a result of a direct insert, update, or delete
+** operation; or 1 for inserts, updates, or deletes invoked by top-level
+** triggers; or 2 for changes resulting from triggers called by top-level
+** triggers; and so forth.
+**
+** See also:  [sqlite3_update_hook()]
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_preupdate_hook(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  void(*xPreUpdate)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to preupdate_hook() */
+    sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
+    int op,                       /* SQLITE_UPDATE, DELETE or INSERT */
+    char const *zDb,              /* Database name */
+    char const *zName,            /* Table name */
+    sqlite3_int64 iKey1,          /* Rowid of row about to be deleted/updated */
+    sqlite3_int64 iKey2           /* New rowid value (for a rowid UPDATE) */
+  ),
+  void*
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Low-level system error code
+**
+** ^Attempt to return the underlying operating system error code or error
+** number that caused the most recent I/O error or failure to open a file.
+** The return value is OS-dependent.  For example, on unix systems, after
+** [sqlite3_open_v2()] returns [SQLITE_CANTOPEN], this interface could be
+** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
+** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
+** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
+** database for some specific point in history.
+**
+** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
+** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
+** of the database file.  When a [database connection] begins a read
+** transaction, that connection sees an unchanging copy of the database
+** as it existed for the point in time when the transaction first started.
+** Subsequent changes to the database from other connections are not seen
+** by the reader until a new read transaction is started.
+**
+** The sqlite3_snapshot object records state information about an historical
+** version of the database file so that it is possible to later open a new read
+** transaction that sees that historical version of the database rather than
+** the most recent version.
+**
+** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
+** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for
+** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
+  unsigned char hidden[48];
+} sqlite3_snapshot;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
+** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
+** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
+** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
+** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
+** this function is called, one is opened automatically.
+**
+** The following must be true for this function to succeed. If any of
+** the following statements are false when sqlite3_snapshot_get() is
+** called, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. The final value of *P is undefined
+** in this case.
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> The database handle must be in [autocommit mode].
+**
+**   <li> Schema S of [database connection] D must be a [WAL mode] database.
+**
+**   <li> There must not be a write transaction open on schema S of database
+**        connection D.
+**
+**   <li> One or more transactions must have been written to the current wal
+**        file since it was created on disk (by any connection). This means
+**        that a snapshot cannot be taken on a wal mode database with no wal
+**        file immediately after it is first opened. At least one transaction
+**        must be written to it first.
+** </ul>
+**
+** This function may also return SQLITE_NOMEM.  If it is called with the
+** database handle in autocommit mode but fails for some other reason,
+** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
+** to avoid a memory leak.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zSchema,
+  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] interface starts a
+** read transaction for schema S of
+** [database connection] D such that the read transaction
+** refers to historical [snapshot] P, rather than the most
+** recent change to the database.
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface returns SQLITE_OK on success
+** or an appropriate [error code] if it fails.
+**
+** ^In order to succeed, a call to [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] must be
+** the first operation following the [BEGIN] that takes the schema S
+** out of [autocommit mode].
+** ^In other words, schema S must not currently be in
+** a transaction for [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] to work, but the
+** database connection D must be out of [autocommit mode].
+** ^A [snapshot] will fail to open if it has been overwritten by a
+** [checkpoint].
+** ^(A call to [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] will fail if the
+** database connection D does not know that the database file for
+** schema S is in [WAL mode].  A database connection might not know
+** that the database file is in [WAL mode] if there has been no prior
+** I/O on that database connection, or if the database entered [WAL mode]
+** after the most recent I/O on the database connection.)^
+** (Hint: Run "[PRAGMA application_id]" against a newly opened
+** database connection in order to make it ready to use snapshots.)
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zSchema,
+  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
+** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
+** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Compare the ages of two snapshot handles.
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(P1, P2) interface is used to compare the ages
+** of two valid snapshot handles.
+**
+** If the two snapshot handles are not associated with the same database
+** file, the result of the comparison is undefined.
+**
+** Additionally, the result of the comparison is only valid if both of the
+** snapshot handles were obtained by calling sqlite3_snapshot_get() since the
+** last time the wal file was deleted. The wal file is deleted when the
+** database is changed back to rollback mode or when the number of database
+** clients drops to zero. If either snapshot handle was obtained before the
+** wal file was last deleted, the value returned by this function
+** is undefined.
+**
+** Otherwise, this API returns a negative value if P1 refers to an older
+** snapshot than P2, zero if the two handles refer to the same database
+** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
+  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
+  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
+** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
+** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
+** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
+** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
+** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
+** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
+**
+** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
+** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
+** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
+** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
+** database.
+**
+** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Serialize a database
+**
+** The sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) interface returns a pointer to memory
+** that is a serialization of the S database on [database connection] D.
+** If P is not a NULL pointer, then the size of the database in bytes
+** is written into *P.
+**
+** For an ordinary on-disk database file, the serialization is just a
+** copy of the disk file.  For an in-memory database or a "TEMP" database,
+** the serialization is the same sequence of bytes which would be written
+** to disk if that database where backed up to disk.
+**
+** The usual case is that sqlite3_serialize() copies the serialization of
+** the database into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()] and returns
+** a pointer to that memory.  The caller is responsible for freeing the
+** returned value to avoid a memory leak.  However, if the F argument
+** contains the SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit, then no memory allocations
+** are made, and the sqlite3_serialize() function will return a pointer
+** to the contiguous memory representation of the database that SQLite
+** is currently using for that database, or NULL if the no such contiguous
+** memory representation of the database exists.  A contiguous memory
+** representation of the database will usually only exist if there has
+** been a prior call to [sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,...)] with the same
+** values of D and S.
+** The size of the database is written into *P even if the
+** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit is set but no contigious copy
+** of the database exists.
+**
+** A call to sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) might return NULL even if the
+** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit is omitted from argument F if a memory
+** allocation error occurs.
+**
+** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE] option.
+*/
+SQLITE_API unsigned char *sqlite3_serialize(
+  sqlite3 *db,           /* The database connection */
+  const char *zSchema,   /* Which DB to serialize. ex: "main", "temp", ... */
+  sqlite3_int64 *piSize, /* Write size of the DB here, if not NULL */
+  unsigned int mFlags    /* Zero or more SQLITE_SERIALIZE_* flags */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flags for sqlite3_serialize
+**
+** Zero or more of the following constants can be OR-ed together for
+** the F argument to [sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F)].
+**
+** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY means that [sqlite3_serialize()] will return
+** a pointer to contiguous in-memory database that it is currently using,
+** without making a copy of the database.  If SQLite is not currently using
+** a contiguous in-memory database, then this option causes
+** [sqlite3_serialize()] to return a NULL pointer.  SQLite will only be
+** using a contiguous in-memory database if it has been initialized by a
+** prior call to [sqlite3_deserialize()].
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY 0x001   /* Do no memory allocations */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Deserialize a database
+**
+** The sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F) interface causes the
+** [database connection] D to disconnect from database S and then
+** reopen S as an in-memory database based on the serialization contained
+** in P.  The serialized database P is N bytes in size.  M is the size of
+** the buffer P, which might be larger than N.  If M is larger than N, and
+** the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY bit is not set in F, then SQLite is
+** permitted to add content to the in-memory database as long as the total
+** size does not exceed M bytes.
+**
+** If the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE bit is set in F, then SQLite will
+** invoke sqlite3_free() on the serialization buffer when the database
+** connection closes.  If the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE bit is set, then
+** SQLite will try to increase the buffer size using sqlite3_realloc64()
+** if writes on the database cause it to grow larger than M bytes.
+**
+** The sqlite3_deserialize() interface will fail with SQLITE_BUSY if the
+** database is currently in a read transaction or is involved in a backup
+** operation.
+**
+** If sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F) fails for any reason and if the
+** SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE bit is set in argument F, then
+** [sqlite3_free()] is invoked on argument P prior to returning.
+**
+** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE] option.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_deserialize(
+  sqlite3 *db,            /* The database connection */
+  const char *zSchema,    /* Which DB to reopen with the deserialization */
+  unsigned char *pData,   /* The serialized database content */
+  sqlite3_int64 szDb,     /* Number bytes in the deserialization */
+  sqlite3_int64 szBuf,    /* Total size of buffer pData[] */
+  unsigned mFlags         /* Zero or more SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_* flags */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flags for sqlite3_deserialize()
+**
+** The following are allowed values for 6th argument (the F argument) to
+** the [sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F)] interface.
+**
+** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE means that the database serialization
+** in the P argument is held in memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()]
+** and that SQLite should take ownership of this memory and automatically
+** free it when it has finished using it.  Without this flag, the caller
+** is resposible for freeing any dynamically allocated memory.
+**
+** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE flag means that SQLite is allowed to
+** grow the size of the database using calls to [sqlite3_realloc64()].  This
+** flag should only be used if SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE is also used.
+** Without this flag, the deserialized database cannot increase in size beyond
+** the number of bytes specified by the M parameter.
+**
+** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY flag means that the deserialized database
+** should be treated as read-only.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE 1 /* Call sqlite3_free() on close */
+#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE  2 /* Resize using sqlite3_realloc64() */
+#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY    4 /* Database is read-only */
 
 /*
 ** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
@@ -7681,8 +9912,9 @@
 #if 0
 }  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
 #endif
-#endif
-
+#endif /* SQLITE3_H */
+
+/******** Begin file sqlite3rtree.h *********/
 /*
 ** 2010 August 30
 **
@@ -7705,6 +9937,16 @@
 #endif
 
 typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;
+typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info sqlite3_rtree_query_info;
+
+/* The double-precision datatype used by RTree depends on the
+** SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY compile-time option.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
+  typedef sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
+#else
+  typedef double sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
+#endif
 
 /*
 ** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
@@ -7715,11 +9957,7 @@
 SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
   sqlite3 *db,
   const char *zGeom,
-#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
-  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, sqlite3_int64 *a, int *pRes),
-#else
-  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, double *a, int *pRes),
-#endif
+  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),
   void *pContext
 );
 
@@ -7731,11 +9969,62 @@
 struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
   void *pContext;                 /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
   int nParam;                     /* Size of array aParam[] */
-  double *aParam;                 /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;      /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
   void *pUser;                    /* Callback implementation user data */
   void (*xDelUser)(void *);       /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
 };
 
+/*
+** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be
+** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
+**
+**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zQueryFunc,
+  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
+  void *pContext,
+  void (*xDestructor)(void*)
+);
+
+
+/*
+** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the
+** argument to scored geometry callback registered using
+** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().
+**
+** Note that the first 5 fields of this structure are identical to
+** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.  This structure is a subclass of
+** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.
+*/
+struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info {
+  void *pContext;                   /* pContext from when function registered */
+  int nParam;                       /* Number of function parameters */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;        /* value of function parameters */
+  void *pUser;                      /* callback can use this, if desired */
+  void (*xDelUser)(void*);          /* function to free pUser */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord;        /* Coordinates of node or entry to check */
+  unsigned int *anQueue;            /* Number of pending entries in the queue */
+  int nCoord;                       /* Number of coordinates */
+  int iLevel;                       /* Level of current node or entry */
+  int mxLevel;                      /* The largest iLevel value in the tree */
+  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;             /* Rowid for current entry */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rParentScore;   /* Score of parent node */
+  int eParentWithin;                /* Visibility of parent node */
+  int eWithin;                      /* OUT: Visiblity */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rScore;         /* OUT: Write the score here */
+  /* The following fields are only available in 3.8.11 and later */
+  sqlite3_value **apSqlParam;       /* Original SQL values of parameters */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for sqlite3_rtree_query.eWithin and .eParentWithin.
+*/
+#define NOT_WITHIN       0   /* Object completely outside of query region */
+#define PARTLY_WITHIN    1   /* Object partially overlaps query region */
+#define FULLY_WITHIN     2   /* Object fully contained within query region */
+
 
 #if 0
 }  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
@@ -7743,13 +10032,1567 @@
 
 #endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */
 
-
-/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
-/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
-/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
-/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
-/*
-** 2001 September 22
+/******** End of sqlite3rtree.h *********/
+/******** Begin file sqlite3session.h *********/
+
+#if !defined(__SQLITESESSION_H_) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
+#define __SQLITESESSION_H_ 1
+
+/*
+** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
+*/
+#if 0
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Session Object Handle
+**
+** An instance of this object is a [session] that can be used to
+** record changes to a database.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_session sqlite3_session;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Changeset Iterator Handle
+**
+** An instance of this object acts as a cursor for iterating
+** over the elements of a [changeset] or [patchset].
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_changeset_iter sqlite3_changeset_iter;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Create A New Session Object
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_session
+**
+** Create a new session object attached to database handle db. If successful,
+** a pointer to the new object is written to *ppSession and SQLITE_OK is
+** returned. If an error occurs, *ppSession is set to NULL and an SQLite
+** error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
+**
+** It is possible to create multiple session objects attached to a single
+** database handle.
+**
+** Session objects created using this function should be deleted using the
+** [sqlite3session_delete()] function before the database handle that they
+** are attached to is itself closed. If the database handle is closed before
+** the session object is deleted, then the results of calling any session
+** module function, including [sqlite3session_delete()] on the session object
+** are undefined.
+**
+** Because the session module uses the [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] API, it
+** is not possible for an application to register a pre-update hook on a
+** database handle that has one or more session objects attached. Nor is
+** it possible to create a session object attached to a database handle for
+** which a pre-update hook is already defined. The results of attempting
+** either of these things are undefined.
+**
+** The session object will be used to create changesets for tables in
+** database zDb, where zDb is either "main", or "temp", or the name of an
+** attached database. It is not an error if database zDb is not attached
+** to the database when the session object is created.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_create(
+  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
+  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (e.g. "main") */
+  sqlite3_session **ppSession     /* OUT: New session object */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Delete A Session Object
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_session
+**
+** Delete a session object previously allocated using
+** [sqlite3session_create()]. Once a session object has been deleted, the
+** results of attempting to use pSession with any other session module
+** function are undefined.
+**
+** Session objects must be deleted before the database handle to which they
+** are attached is closed. Refer to the documentation for
+** [sqlite3session_create()] for details.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_delete(sqlite3_session *pSession);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable A Session Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** Enable or disable the recording of changes by a session object. When
+** enabled, a session object records changes made to the database. When
+** disabled - it does not. A newly created session object is enabled.
+** Refer to the documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further
+** details regarding how enabling and disabling a session object affects
+** the eventual changesets.
+**
+** Passing zero to this function disables the session. Passing a value
+** greater than zero enables it. Passing a value less than zero is a
+** no-op, and may be used to query the current state of the session.
+**
+** The return value indicates the final state of the session object: 0 if
+** the session is disabled, or 1 if it is enabled.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_enable(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bEnable);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Set Or Clear the Indirect Change Flag
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** Each change recorded by a session object is marked as either direct or
+** indirect. A change is marked as indirect if either:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> The session object "indirect" flag is set when the change is
+**        made, or
+**   <li> The change is made by an SQL trigger or foreign key action
+**        instead of directly as a result of a users SQL statement.
+** </ul>
+**
+** If a single row is affected by more than one operation within a session,
+** then the change is considered indirect if all operations meet the criteria
+** for an indirect change above, or direct otherwise.
+**
+** This function is used to set, clear or query the session object indirect
+** flag.  If the second argument passed to this function is zero, then the
+** indirect flag is cleared. If it is greater than zero, the indirect flag
+** is set. Passing a value less than zero does not modify the current value
+** of the indirect flag, and may be used to query the current state of the
+** indirect flag for the specified session object.
+**
+** The return value indicates the final state of the indirect flag: 0 if
+** it is clear, or 1 if it is set.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_indirect(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bIndirect);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Attach A Table To A Session Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** If argument zTab is not NULL, then it is the name of a table to attach
+** to the session object passed as the first argument. All subsequent changes
+** made to the table while the session object is enabled will be recorded. See
+** documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further details.
+**
+** Or, if argument zTab is NULL, then changes are recorded for all tables
+** in the database. If additional tables are added to the database (by
+** executing "CREATE TABLE" statements) after this call is made, changes for
+** the new tables are also recorded.
+**
+** Changes can only be recorded for tables that have a PRIMARY KEY explicitly
+** defined as part of their CREATE TABLE statement. It does not matter if the
+** PRIMARY KEY is an "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY" (rowid alias) or not. The PRIMARY
+** KEY may consist of a single column, or may be a composite key.
+**
+** It is not an error if the named table does not exist in the database. Nor
+** is it an error if the named table does not have a PRIMARY KEY. However,
+** no changes will be recorded in either of these scenarios.
+**
+** Changes are not recorded for individual rows that have NULL values stored
+** in one or more of their PRIMARY KEY columns.
+**
+** SQLITE_OK is returned if the call completes without error. Or, if an error
+** occurs, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
+**
+** <h3>Special sqlite_stat1 Handling</h3>
+**
+** As of SQLite version 3.22.0, the "sqlite_stat1" table is an exception to
+** some of the rules above. In SQLite, the schema of sqlite_stat1 is:
+**  <pre>
+**  &nbsp;     CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat)
+**  </pre>
+**
+** Even though sqlite_stat1 does not have a PRIMARY KEY, changes are
+** recorded for it as if the PRIMARY KEY is (tbl,idx). Additionally, changes
+** are recorded for rows for which (idx IS NULL) is true. However, for such
+** rows a zero-length blob (SQL value X'') is stored in the changeset or
+** patchset instead of a NULL value. This allows such changesets to be
+** manipulated by legacy implementations of sqlite3changeset_invert(),
+** concat() and similar.
+**
+** The sqlite3changeset_apply() function automatically converts the
+** zero-length blob back to a NULL value when updating the sqlite_stat1
+** table. However, if the application calls sqlite3changeset_new(),
+** sqlite3changeset_old() or sqlite3changeset_conflict on a changeset
+** iterator directly (including on a changeset iterator passed to a
+** conflict-handler callback) then the X'' value is returned. The application
+** must translate X'' to NULL itself if required.
+**
+** Legacy (older than 3.22.0) versions of the sessions module cannot capture
+** changes made to the sqlite_stat1 table. Legacy versions of the
+** sqlite3changeset_apply() function silently ignore any modifications to the
+** sqlite_stat1 table that are part of a changeset or patchset.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_attach(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
+  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows
+** in tables that are not attached to the Session object, the filter is called
+** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not.
+** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is
+** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_table_filter(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
+  int(*xFilter)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to _filter_table() */
+    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
+  ),
+  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xFilter */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Generate A Changeset From A Session Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** Obtain a changeset containing changes to the tables attached to the
+** session object passed as the first argument. If successful,
+** set *ppChangeset to point to a buffer containing the changeset
+** and *pnChangeset to the size of the changeset in bytes before returning
+** SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs, set both *ppChangeset and *pnChangeset to
+** zero and return an SQLite error code.
+**
+** A changeset consists of zero or more INSERT, UPDATE and/or DELETE changes,
+** each representing a change to a single row of an attached table. An INSERT
+** change contains the values of each field of a new database row. A DELETE
+** contains the original values of each field of a deleted database row. An
+** UPDATE change contains the original values of each field of an updated
+** database row along with the updated values for each updated non-primary-key
+** column. It is not possible for an UPDATE change to represent a change that
+** modifies the values of primary key columns. If such a change is made, it
+** is represented in a changeset as a DELETE followed by an INSERT.
+**
+** Changes are not recorded for rows that have NULL values stored in one or
+** more of their PRIMARY KEY columns. If such a row is inserted or deleted,
+** no corresponding change is present in the changesets returned by this
+** function. If an existing row with one or more NULL values stored in
+** PRIMARY KEY columns is updated so that all PRIMARY KEY columns are non-NULL,
+** only an INSERT is appears in the changeset. Similarly, if an existing row
+** with non-NULL PRIMARY KEY values is updated so that one or more of its
+** PRIMARY KEY columns are set to NULL, the resulting changeset contains a
+** DELETE change only.
+**
+** The contents of a changeset may be traversed using an iterator created
+** using the [sqlite3changeset_start()] API. A changeset may be applied to
+** a database with a compatible schema using the [sqlite3changeset_apply()]
+** API.
+**
+** Within a changeset generated by this function, all changes related to a
+** single table are grouped together. In other words, when iterating through
+** a changeset or when applying a changeset to a database, all changes related
+** to a single table are processed before moving on to the next table. Tables
+** are sorted in the same order in which they were attached (or auto-attached)
+** to the sqlite3_session object. The order in which the changes related to
+** a single table are stored is undefined.
+**
+** Following a successful call to this function, it is the responsibility of
+** the caller to eventually free the buffer that *ppChangeset points to using
+** [sqlite3_free()].
+**
+** <h3>Changeset Generation</h3>
+**
+** Once a table has been attached to a session object, the session object
+** records the primary key values of all new rows inserted into the table.
+** It also records the original primary key and other column values of any
+** deleted or updated rows. For each unique primary key value, data is only
+** recorded once - the first time a row with said primary key is inserted,
+** updated or deleted in the lifetime of the session.
+**
+** There is one exception to the previous paragraph: when a row is inserted,
+** updated or deleted, if one or more of its primary key columns contain a
+** NULL value, no record of the change is made.
+**
+** The session object therefore accumulates two types of records - those
+** that consist of primary key values only (created when the user inserts
+** a new record) and those that consist of the primary key values and the
+** original values of other table columns (created when the users deletes
+** or updates a record).
+**
+** When this function is called, the requested changeset is created using
+** both the accumulated records and the current contents of the database
+** file. Specifically:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> For each record generated by an insert, the database is queried
+**        for a row with a matching primary key. If one is found, an INSERT
+**        change is added to the changeset. If no such row is found, no change
+**        is added to the changeset.
+**
+**   <li> For each record generated by an update or delete, the database is
+**        queried for a row with a matching primary key. If such a row is
+**        found and one or more of the non-primary key fields have been
+**        modified from their original values, an UPDATE change is added to
+**        the changeset. Or, if no such row is found in the table, a DELETE
+**        change is added to the changeset. If there is a row with a matching
+**        primary key in the database, but all fields contain their original
+**        values, no change is added to the changeset.
+** </ul>
+**
+** This means, amongst other things, that if a row is inserted and then later
+** deleted while a session object is active, neither the insert nor the delete
+** will be present in the changeset. Or if a row is deleted and then later a
+** row with the same primary key values inserted while a session object is
+** active, the resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change instead of
+** a DELETE and an INSERT.
+**
+** When a session object is disabled (see the [sqlite3session_enable()] API),
+** it does not accumulate records when rows are inserted, updated or deleted.
+** This may appear to have some counter-intuitive effects if a single row
+** is written to more than once during a session. For example, if a row
+** is inserted while a session object is enabled, then later deleted while
+** the same session object is disabled, no INSERT record will appear in the
+** changeset, even though the delete took place while the session was disabled.
+** Or, if one field of a row is updated while a session is disabled, and
+** another field of the same row is updated while the session is enabled, the
+** resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change that updates both fields.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
+  int *pnChangeset,               /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
+  void **ppChangeset              /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Load The Difference Between Tables Into A Session
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** If it is not already attached to the session object passed as the first
+** argument, this function attaches table zTbl in the same manner as the
+** [sqlite3session_attach()] function. If zTbl does not exist, or if it
+** does not have a primary key, this function is a no-op (but does not return
+** an error).
+**
+** Argument zFromDb must be the name of a database ("main", "temp" etc.)
+** attached to the same database handle as the session object that contains
+** a table compatible with the table attached to the session by this function.
+** A table is considered compatible if it:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> Has the same name,
+**   <li> Has the same set of columns declared in the same order, and
+**   <li> Has the same PRIMARY KEY definition.
+** </ul>
+**
+** If the tables are not compatible, SQLITE_SCHEMA is returned. If the tables
+** are compatible but do not have any PRIMARY KEY columns, it is not an error
+** but no changes are added to the session object. As with other session
+** APIs, tables without PRIMARY KEYs are simply ignored.
+**
+** This function adds a set of changes to the session object that could be
+** used to update the table in database zFrom (call this the "from-table")
+** so that its content is the same as the table attached to the session
+** object (call this the "to-table"). Specifically:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in
+**     the from-table, an INSERT record is added to the session object.
+**
+**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in
+**     the from-table, a DELETE record is added to the session object.
+**
+**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in both tables, but features
+**     different non-PK values in each, an UPDATE record is added to the
+**     session.
+** </ul>
+**
+** To clarify, if this function is called and then a changeset constructed
+** using [sqlite3session_changeset()], then after applying that changeset to
+** database zFrom the contents of the two compatible tables would be
+** identical.
+**
+** It an error if database zFrom does not exist or does not contain the
+** required compatible table.
+**
+** If the operation successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite
+** error code. In this case, if argument pzErrMsg is not NULL, *pzErrMsg
+** may be set to point to a buffer containing an English language error
+** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to free this buffer using
+** sqlite3_free().
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_diff(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,
+  const char *zFromDb,
+  const char *zTbl,
+  char **pzErrMsg
+);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Generate A Patchset From A Session Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_session
+**
+** The differences between a patchset and a changeset are that:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> DELETE records consist of the primary key fields only. The
+**        original values of other fields are omitted.
+**   <li> The original values of any modified fields are omitted from
+**        UPDATE records.
+** </ul>
+**
+** A patchset blob may be used with up to date versions of all
+** sqlite3changeset_xxx API functions except for sqlite3changeset_invert(),
+** which returns SQLITE_CORRUPT if it is passed a patchset. Similarly,
+** attempting to use a patchset blob with old versions of the
+** sqlite3changeset_xxx APIs also provokes an SQLITE_CORRUPT error.
+**
+** Because the non-primary key "old.*" fields are omitted, no
+** SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflicts can be detected or reported if a patchset
+** is passed to the sqlite3changeset_apply() API. Other conflict types work
+** in the same way as for changesets.
+**
+** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
+** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
+** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
+** they were attached to the session object).
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
+  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppPatchset */
+  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing patchset */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
+**
+** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by
+** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or
+** more changes have been recorded, return zero.
+**
+** Even if this function returns zero, it is possible that calling
+** [sqlite3session_changeset()] on the session handle may still return a
+** changeset that contains no changes. This can happen when a row in
+** an attached table is modified and then later on the original values
+** are restored. However, if this function returns non-zero, then it is
+** guaranteed that a call to sqlite3session_changeset() will return a
+** changeset containing zero changes.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_isempty(sqlite3_session *pSession);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Create An Iterator To Traverse A Changeset
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** Create an iterator used to iterate through the contents of a changeset.
+** If successful, *pp is set to point to the iterator handle and SQLITE_OK
+** is returned. Otherwise, if an error occurs, *pp is set to zero and an
+** SQLite error code is returned.
+**
+** The following functions can be used to advance and query a changeset
+** iterator created by this function:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> [sqlite3changeset_next()]
+**   <li> [sqlite3changeset_op()]
+**   <li> [sqlite3changeset_new()]
+**   <li> [sqlite3changeset_old()]
+** </ul>
+**
+** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually destroy the iterator
+** by passing it to [sqlite3changeset_finalize()]. The buffer containing the
+** changeset (pChangeset) must remain valid until after the iterator is
+** destroyed.
+**
+** Assuming the changeset blob was created by one of the
+** [sqlite3session_changeset()], [sqlite3changeset_concat()] or
+** [sqlite3changeset_invert()] functions, all changes within the changeset
+** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when
+** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by
+** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visited
+** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change
+** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit
+** another change for table X.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
+  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
+  void *pChangeset                /* Pointer to blob containing changeset */
+);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Advance A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** This function may only be used with iterators created by function
+** [sqlite3changeset_start()]. If it is called on an iterator passed to
+** a conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], SQLITE_MISUSE
+** is returned and the call has no effect.
+**
+** Immediately after an iterator is created by sqlite3changeset_start(), it
+** does not point to any change in the changeset. Assuming the changeset
+** is not empty, the first call to this function advances the iterator to
+** point to the first change in the changeset. Each subsequent call advances
+** the iterator to point to the next change in the changeset (if any). If
+** no error occurs and the iterator points to a valid change after a call
+** to sqlite3changeset_next() has advanced it, SQLITE_ROW is returned.
+** Otherwise, if all changes in the changeset have already been visited,
+** SQLITE_DONE is returned.
+**
+** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Possible error
+** codes include SQLITE_CORRUPT (if the changeset buffer is corrupt) or
+** SQLITE_NOMEM.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_next(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Current Operation From A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
+** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
+** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
+** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned [SQLITE_ROW]. If this
+** is not the case, this function returns [SQLITE_MISUSE].
+**
+** If argument pzTab is not NULL, then *pzTab is set to point to a
+** nul-terminated utf-8 encoded string containing the name of the table
+** affected by the current change. The buffer remains valid until either
+** sqlite3changeset_next() is called on the iterator or until the
+** conflict-handler function returns. If pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is
+** set to the number of columns in the table affected by the change. If
+** pbIncorrect is not NULL, then *pbIndirect is set to true (1) if the change
+** is an indirect change, or false (0) otherwise. See the documentation for
+** [sqlite3session_indirect()] for a description of direct and indirect
+** changes. Finally, if pOp is not NULL, then *pOp is set to one of
+** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the
+** type of change that the iterator currently points to.
+**
+** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error does occur, an
+** SQLite error code is returned. The values of the output variables may not
+** be trusted in this case.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_op(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
+  const char **pzTab,             /* OUT: Pointer to table name */
+  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Number of columns in table */
+  int *pOp,                       /* OUT: SQLITE_INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE */
+  int *pbIndirect                 /* OUT: True for an 'indirect' change */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Primary Key Definition Of A Table
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** For each modified table, a changeset includes the following:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> The number of columns in the table, and
+**   <li> Which of those columns make up the tables PRIMARY KEY.
+** </ul>
+**
+** This function is used to find which columns comprise the PRIMARY KEY of
+** the table modified by the change that iterator pIter currently points to.
+** If successful, *pabPK is set to point to an array of nCol entries, where
+** nCol is the number of columns in the table. Elements of *pabPK are set to
+** 0x01 if the corresponding column is part of the tables primary key, or
+** 0x00 if it is not.
+**
+** If argument pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is set to the number of columns
+** in the table.
+**
+** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
+** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
+** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
+** above.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_pk(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
+  unsigned char **pabPK,          /* OUT: Array of boolean - true for PK cols */
+  int *pnCol                      /* OUT: Number of entries in output array */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain old.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
+** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
+** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
+** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW.
+** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
+** currently points to is either [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE]. Otherwise,
+** this function returns [SQLITE_MISUSE] and sets *ppValue to NULL.
+**
+** Argument iVal must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the number
+** of columns in the table affected by the current change. Otherwise,
+** [SQLITE_RANGE] is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+**
+** If successful, this function sets *ppValue to point to a protected
+** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the vector of
+** original row values stored as part of the UPDATE or DELETE change and
+** returns SQLITE_OK. The name of the function comes from the fact that this
+** is similar to the "old.*" columns available to update or delete triggers.
+**
+** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
+** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_old(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
+  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
+  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Old value (or NULL pointer) */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain new.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
+** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
+** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
+** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW.
+** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
+** currently points to is either [SQLITE_UPDATE] or [SQLITE_INSERT]. Otherwise,
+** this function returns [SQLITE_MISUSE] and sets *ppValue to NULL.
+**
+** Argument iVal must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the number
+** of columns in the table affected by the current change. Otherwise,
+** [SQLITE_RANGE] is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+**
+** If successful, this function sets *ppValue to point to a protected
+** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the vector of
+** new row values stored as part of the UPDATE or INSERT change and
+** returns SQLITE_OK. If the change is an UPDATE and does not include
+** a new value for the requested column, *ppValue is set to NULL and
+** SQLITE_OK returned. The name of the function comes from the fact that
+** this is similar to the "new.*" columns available to update or delete
+** triggers.
+**
+** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
+** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_new(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
+  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
+  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: New value (or NULL pointer) */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain Conflicting Row Values From A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** This function should only be used with iterator objects passed to a
+** conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()] with either
+** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] or [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT]. If this function
+** is called on any other iterator, [SQLITE_MISUSE] is returned and *ppValue
+** is set to NULL.
+**
+** Argument iVal must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the number
+** of columns in the table affected by the current change. Otherwise,
+** [SQLITE_RANGE] is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+**
+** If successful, this function sets *ppValue to point to a protected
+** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the
+** "conflicting row" associated with the current conflict-handler callback
+** and returns SQLITE_OK.
+**
+** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
+** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_conflict(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
+  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
+  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Value from conflicting row */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Determine The Number Of Foreign Key Constraint Violations
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** This function may only be called with an iterator passed to an
+** SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY conflict handler callback. In this case
+** it sets the output variable to the total number of known foreign key
+** violations in the destination database and returns SQLITE_OK.
+**
+** In all other cases this function returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
+  int *pnOut                      /* OUT: Number of FK violations */
+);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Changeset Iterator
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
+**
+** This function is used to finalize an iterator allocated with
+** [sqlite3changeset_start()].
+**
+** This function should only be called on iterators created using the
+** [sqlite3changeset_start()] function. If an application calls this
+** function with an iterator passed to a conflict-handler by
+** [sqlite3changeset_apply()], [SQLITE_MISUSE] is immediately returned and the
+** call has no effect.
+**
+** If an error was encountered within a call to an sqlite3changeset_xxx()
+** function (for example an [SQLITE_CORRUPT] in [sqlite3changeset_next()] or an
+** [SQLITE_NOMEM] in [sqlite3changeset_new()]) then an error code corresponding
+** to that error is returned by this function. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is
+** returned. This is to allow the following pattern (pseudo-code):
+**
+** <pre>
+**   sqlite3changeset_start();
+**   while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3changeset_next() ){
+**     // Do something with change.
+**   }
+**   rc = sqlite3changeset_finalize();
+**   if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
+**     // An error has occurred
+**   }
+** </pre>
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_finalize(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Invert A Changeset
+**
+** This function is used to "invert" a changeset object. Applying an inverted
+** changeset to a database reverses the effects of applying the uninverted
+** changeset. Specifically:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> Each DELETE change is changed to an INSERT, and
+**   <li> Each INSERT change is changed to a DELETE, and
+**   <li> For each UPDATE change, the old.* and new.* values are exchanged.
+** </ul>
+**
+** This function does not change the order in which changes appear within
+** the changeset. It merely reverses the sense of each individual change.
+**
+** If successful, a pointer to a buffer containing the inverted changeset
+** is stored in *ppOut, the size of the same buffer is stored in *pnOut, and
+** SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error occurs, both *pnOut and *ppOut are
+** zeroed and an SQLite error code returned.
+**
+** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free()
+** on the *ppOut pointer to free the buffer allocation following a successful
+** call to this function.
+**
+** WARNING/TODO: This function currently assumes that the input is a valid
+** changeset. If it is not, the results are undefined.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert(
+  int nIn, const void *pIn,       /* Input changeset */
+  int *pnOut, void **ppOut        /* OUT: Inverse of input */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Concatenate Two Changeset Objects
+**
+** This function is used to concatenate two changesets, A and B, into a
+** single changeset. The result is a changeset equivalent to applying
+** changeset A followed by changeset B.
+**
+** This function combines the two input changesets using an
+** sqlite3_changegroup object. Calling it produces similar results as the
+** following code fragment:
+**
+** <pre>
+**   sqlite3_changegroup *pGrp;
+**   rc = sqlite3_changegroup_new(&pGrp);
+**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nA, pA);
+**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nB, pB);
+**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
+**     rc = sqlite3changegroup_output(pGrp, pnOut, ppOut);
+**   }else{
+**     *ppOut = 0;
+**     *pnOut = 0;
+**   }
+** </pre>
+**
+** Refer to the sqlite3_changegroup documentation below for details.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat(
+  int nA,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pA */
+  void *pA,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset A */
+  int nB,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pB */
+  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
+  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
+  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
+);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Changegroup Handle
+**
+** A changegroup is an object used to combine two or more
+** [changesets] or [patchsets]
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Create A New Changegroup Object
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changegroup
+**
+** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
+** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
+** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
+** always in the same format as the input.
+**
+** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
+** a pointer to a new sqlite3_changegroup object before returning. The caller
+** should eventually free the returned object using a call to
+** sqlite3changegroup_delete(). If an error occurs, an SQLite error code
+** (i.e. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned and *pp is set to NULL.
+**
+** The usual usage pattern for an sqlite3_changegroup object is as follows:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> It is created using a call to sqlite3changegroup_new().
+**
+**   <li> Zero or more changesets (or patchsets) are added to the object
+**        by calling sqlite3changegroup_add().
+**
+**   <li> The result of combining all input changesets together is obtained
+**        by the application via a call to sqlite3changegroup_output().
+**
+**   <li> The object is deleted using a call to sqlite3changegroup_delete().
+** </ul>
+**
+** Any number of calls to add() and output() may be made between the calls to
+** new() and delete(), and in any order.
+**
+** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and
+** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
+** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Add A Changeset To A Changegroup
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changegroup
+**
+** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
+** nData bytes) to the changegroup.
+**
+** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
+** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
+** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
+** function. Otherwise, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no changes are added
+** to the changegroup.
+**
+** Rows within the changeset and changegroup are identified by the values in
+** their PRIMARY KEY columns. A change in the changeset is considered to
+** apply to the same row as a change already present in the changegroup if
+** the two rows have the same primary key.
+**
+** Changes to rows that do not already appear in the changegroup are
+** simply copied into it. Or, if both the new changeset and the changegroup
+** contain changes that apply to a single row, the final contents of the
+** changegroup depends on the type of each change, as follows:
+**
+** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
+**   <tr><th style="white-space:pre">Existing Change  </th>
+**       <th style="white-space:pre">New Change       </th>
+**       <th>Output Change
+**   <tr><td>INSERT <td>INSERT <td>
+**       The new change is ignored. This case does not occur if the new
+**       changeset was recorded immediately after the changesets already
+**       added to the changegroup.
+**   <tr><td>INSERT <td>UPDATE <td>
+**       The INSERT change remains in the changegroup. The values in the
+**       INSERT change are modified as if the row was inserted by the
+**       existing change and then updated according to the new change.
+**   <tr><td>INSERT <td>DELETE <td>
+**       The existing INSERT is removed from the changegroup. The DELETE is
+**       not added.
+**   <tr><td>UPDATE <td>INSERT <td>
+**       The new change is ignored. This case does not occur if the new
+**       changeset was recorded immediately after the changesets already
+**       added to the changegroup.
+**   <tr><td>UPDATE <td>UPDATE <td>
+**       The existing UPDATE remains within the changegroup. It is amended
+**       so that the accompanying values are as if the row was updated once
+**       by the existing change and then again by the new change.
+**   <tr><td>UPDATE <td>DELETE <td>
+**       The existing UPDATE is replaced by the new DELETE within the
+**       changegroup.
+**   <tr><td>DELETE <td>INSERT <td>
+**       If one or more of the column values in the row inserted by the
+**       new change differ from those in the row deleted by the existing
+**       change, the existing DELETE is replaced by an UPDATE within the
+**       changegroup. Otherwise, if the inserted row is exactly the same
+**       as the deleted row, the existing DELETE is simply discarded.
+**   <tr><td>DELETE <td>UPDATE <td>
+**       The new change is ignored. This case does not occur if the new
+**       changeset was recorded immediately after the changesets already
+**       added to the changegroup.
+**   <tr><td>DELETE <td>DELETE <td>
+**       The new change is ignored. This case does not occur if the new
+**       changeset was recorded immediately after the changesets already
+**       added to the changegroup.
+** </table>
+**
+** If the new changeset contains changes to a table that is already present
+** in the changegroup, then the number of columns and the position of the
+** primary key columns for the table must be consistent. If this is not the
+** case, this function fails with SQLITE_SCHEMA. If the input changeset
+** appears to be corrupt and the corruption is detected, SQLITE_CORRUPT is
+** returned. Or, if an out-of-memory condition occurs during processing, this
+** function returns SQLITE_NOMEM. In all cases, if an error occurs the
+** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
+**
+** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain A Composite Changeset From A Changegroup
+** METHOD: sqlite3_changegroup
+**
+** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
+** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
+** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
+** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
+**
+** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
+** sqlite3session_patchset() functions, all changes related to a single
+** table are grouped together in the output of this function. Tables appear
+** in the same order as for the very first changeset added to the changegroup.
+** If the second or subsequent changesets added to the changegroup contain
+** changes for tables that do not appear in the first changeset, they are
+** appended onto the end of the output changeset, again in the order in
+** which they are first encountered.
+**
+** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the output
+** variables (*pnData) and (*ppData) are set to 0. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK
+** is returned and the output variables are set to the size of and a
+** pointer to the output buffer, respectively. In this case it is the
+** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the buffer using a
+** call to sqlite3_free().
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_output(
+  sqlite3_changegroup*,
+  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
+  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Delete A Changegroup Object
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changegroup
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
+**
+** Apply a changeset or patchset to a database. These functions attempt to
+** update the "main" database attached to handle db with the changes found in
+** the changeset passed via the second and third arguments.
+**
+** The fourth argument (xFilter) passed to these functions is the "filter
+** callback". If it is not NULL, then for each table affected by at least one
+** change in the changeset, the filter callback is invoked with
+** the table name as the second argument, and a copy of the context pointer
+** passed as the sixth argument as the first. If the "filter callback"
+** returns zero, then no attempt is made to apply any changes to the table.
+** Otherwise, if the return value is non-zero or the xFilter argument to
+** is NULL, all changes related to the table are attempted.
+**
+** For each table that is not excluded by the filter callback, this function
+** tests that the target database contains a compatible table. A table is
+** considered compatible if all of the following are true:
+**
+** <ul>
+**   <li> The table has the same name as the name recorded in the
+**        changeset, and
+**   <li> The table has at least as many columns as recorded in the
+**        changeset, and
+**   <li> The table has primary key columns in the same position as
+**        recorded in the changeset.
+** </ul>
+**
+** If there is no compatible table, it is not an error, but none of the
+** changes associated with the table are applied. A warning message is issued
+** via the sqlite3_log() mechanism with the error code SQLITE_SCHEMA. At most
+** one such warning is issued for each table in the changeset.
+**
+** For each change for which there is a compatible table, an attempt is made
+** to modify the table contents according to the UPDATE, INSERT or DELETE
+** change. If a change cannot be applied cleanly, the conflict handler
+** function passed as the fifth argument to sqlite3changeset_apply() may be
+** invoked. A description of exactly when the conflict handler is invoked for
+** each type of change is below.
+**
+** Unlike the xFilter argument, xConflict may not be passed NULL. The results
+** of passing anything other than a valid function pointer as the xConflict
+** argument are undefined.
+**
+** Each time the conflict handler function is invoked, it must return one
+** of [SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT], [SQLITE_CHANGESET_ABORT] or
+** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE]. SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE may only be returned
+** if the second argument passed to the conflict handler is either
+** SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA or SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT. If the conflict-handler
+** returns an illegal value, any changes already made are rolled back and
+** the call to sqlite3changeset_apply() returns SQLITE_MISUSE. Different
+** actions are taken by sqlite3changeset_apply() depending on the value
+** returned by each invocation of the conflict-handler function. Refer to
+** the documentation for the three
+** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT|available return values] for details.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>DELETE Changes<dd>
+**   For each DELETE change, the function checks if the target database
+**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the
+**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values
+**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in
+**   the changeset the row is deleted from the target database.
+**
+**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
+**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from the original
+**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
+**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. If the
+**   database table has more columns than are recorded in the changeset,
+**   only the values of those non-primary key fields are compared against
+**   the current database contents - any trailing database table columns
+**   are ignored.
+**
+**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
+**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
+**   passed as the second argument.
+**
+**   If the DELETE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
+**   (which can only happen if a foreign key constraint is violated), the
+**   conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT]
+**   passed as the second argument. This includes the case where the DELETE
+**   operation is attempted because an earlier call to the conflict handler
+**   function returned [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
+**
+** <dt>INSERT Changes<dd>
+**   For each INSERT change, an attempt is made to insert the new row into
+**   the database. If the changeset row contains fewer fields than the
+**   database table, the trailing fields are populated with their default
+**   values.
+**
+**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because the database already
+**   contains a row with the same primary key values, the conflict handler
+**   function is invoked with the second argument set to
+**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT].
+**
+**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because of some other constraint
+**   violation (e.g. NOT NULL or UNIQUE), the conflict handler function is
+**   invoked with the second argument set to [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT].
+**   This includes the case where the INSERT operation is re-attempted because
+**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned
+**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
+**
+** <dt>UPDATE Changes<dd>
+**   For each UPDATE change, the function checks if the target database
+**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the
+**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values
+**   stored in all modified non-primary key columns also match the values
+**   stored in the changeset the row is updated within the target database.
+**
+**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
+**   the modified non-primary key fields contains a value different from an
+**   original row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function
+**   is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. Since
+**   UPDATE changes only contain values for non-primary key fields that are
+**   to be modified, only those fields need to match the original values to
+**   avoid the SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict-handler callback.
+**
+**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
+**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
+**   passed as the second argument.
+**
+**   If the UPDATE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns
+**   SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the conflict-handler function is invoked with
+**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT] passed as the second argument.
+**   This includes the case where the UPDATE operation is attempted after
+**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned
+**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
+** </dl>
+**
+** It is safe to execute SQL statements, including those that write to the
+** table that the callback related to, from within the xConflict callback.
+** This can be used to further customize the applications conflict
+** resolution strategy.
+**
+** All changes made by these functions are enclosed in a savepoint transaction.
+** If any other error (aside from a constraint failure when attempting to
+** write to the target database) occurs, then the savepoint transaction is
+** rolled back, restoring the target database to its original state, and an
+** SQLite error code returned.
+**
+** If the output parameters (ppRebase) and (pnRebase) are non-NULL and
+** the input is a changeset (not a patchset), then sqlite3changeset_apply_v2()
+** may set (*ppRebase) to point to a "rebase" that may be used with the
+** sqlite3_rebaser APIs buffer before returning. In this case (*pnRebase)
+** is set to the size of the buffer in bytes. It is the responsibility of the
+** caller to eventually free any such buffer using sqlite3_free(). The buffer
+** is only allocated and populated if one or more conflicts were encountered
+** while applying the patchset. See comments surrounding the sqlite3_rebaser
+** APIs for further details.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply(
+  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
+  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
+  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
+  int(*xFilter)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
+  ),
+  int(*xConflict)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
+    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
+  ),
+  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_v2(
+  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
+  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
+  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
+  int(*xFilter)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
+  ),
+  int(*xConflict)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
+    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
+  ),
+  void *pCtx,                     /* First argument passed to xConflict */
+  void **ppRebase, int *pnRebase
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Constants Passed To The Conflict Handler
+**
+** Values that may be passed as the second argument to a conflict-handler.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA<dd>
+**   The conflict handler is invoked with CHANGESET_DATA as the second argument
+**   when processing a DELETE or UPDATE change if a row with the required
+**   PRIMARY KEY fields is present in the database, but one or more other
+**   (non primary-key) fields modified by the update do not contain the
+**   expected "before" values.
+**
+**   The conflicting row, in this case, is the database row with the matching
+**   primary key.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND<dd>
+**   The conflict handler is invoked with CHANGESET_NOTFOUND as the second
+**   argument when processing a DELETE or UPDATE change if a row with the
+**   required PRIMARY KEY fields is not present in the database.
+**
+**   There is no conflicting row in this case. The results of invoking the
+**   sqlite3changeset_conflict() API are undefined.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT<dd>
+**   CHANGESET_CONFLICT is passed as the second argument to the conflict
+**   handler while processing an INSERT change if the operation would result
+**   in duplicate primary key values.
+**
+**   The conflicting row in this case is the database row with the matching
+**   primary key.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY<dd>
+**   If foreign key handling is enabled, and applying a changeset leaves the
+**   database in a state containing foreign key violations, the conflict
+**   handler is invoked with CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY as the second argument
+**   exactly once before the changeset is committed. If the conflict handler
+**   returns CHANGESET_OMIT, the changes, including those that caused the
+**   foreign key constraint violation, are committed. Or, if it returns
+**   CHANGESET_ABORT, the changeset is rolled back.
+**
+**   No current or conflicting row information is provided. The only function
+**   it is possible to call on the supplied sqlite3_changeset_iter handle
+**   is sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts().
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT<dd>
+**   If any other constraint violation occurs while applying a change (i.e.
+**   a UNIQUE, CHECK or NOT NULL constraint), the conflict handler is
+**   invoked with CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT as the second argument.
+**
+**   There is no conflicting row in this case. The results of invoking the
+**   sqlite3changeset_conflict() API are undefined.
+**
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA        1
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND    2
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT    3
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT  4
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY 5
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Constants Returned By The Conflict Handler
+**
+** A conflict handler callback must return one of the following three values.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT<dd>
+**   If a conflict handler returns this value no special action is taken. The
+**   change that caused the conflict is not applied. The session module
+**   continues to the next change in the changeset.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE<dd>
+**   This value may only be returned if the second argument to the conflict
+**   handler was SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA or SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT. If this
+**   is not the case, any changes applied so far are rolled back and the
+**   call to sqlite3changeset_apply() returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
+**
+**   If CHANGESET_REPLACE is returned by an SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict
+**   handler, then the conflicting row is either updated or deleted, depending
+**   on the type of change.
+**
+**   If CHANGESET_REPLACE is returned by an SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT conflict
+**   handler, then the conflicting row is removed from the database and a
+**   second attempt to apply the change is made. If this second attempt fails,
+**   the original row is restored to the database before continuing.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESET_ABORT<dd>
+**   If this value is returned, any changes applied so far are rolled back
+**   and the call to sqlite3changeset_apply() returns SQLITE_ABORT.
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT       0
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE    1
+#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_ABORT      2
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Rebasing changesets
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Suppose there is a site hosting a database in state S0. And that
+** modifications are made that move that database to state S1 and a
+** changeset recorded (the "local" changeset). Then, a changeset based
+** on S0 is received from another site (the "remote" changeset) and
+** applied to the database. The database is then in state
+** (S1+"remote"), where the exact state depends on any conflict
+** resolution decisions (OMIT or REPLACE) made while applying "remote".
+** Rebasing a changeset is to update it to take those conflict
+** resolution decisions into account, so that the same conflicts
+** do not have to be resolved elsewhere in the network.
+**
+** For example, if both the local and remote changesets contain an
+** INSERT of the same key on "CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b)":
+**
+**   local:  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'v1');
+**   remote: INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'v2');
+**
+** and the conflict resolution is REPLACE, then the INSERT change is
+** removed from the local changeset (it was overridden). Or, if the
+** conflict resolution was "OMIT", then the local changeset is modified
+** to instead contain:
+**
+**           UPDATE t1 SET b = 'v2' WHERE a=1;
+**
+** Changes within the local changeset are rebased as follows:
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>Local INSERT<dd>
+**   This may only conflict with a remote INSERT. If the conflict
+**   resolution was OMIT, then add an UPDATE change to the rebased
+**   changeset. Or, if the conflict resolution was REPLACE, add
+**   nothing to the rebased changeset.
+**
+** <dt>Local DELETE<dd>
+**   This may conflict with a remote UPDATE or DELETE. In both cases the
+**   only possible resolution is OMIT. If the remote operation was a
+**   DELETE, then add no change to the rebased changeset. If the remote
+**   operation was an UPDATE, then the old.* fields of change are updated
+**   to reflect the new.* values in the UPDATE.
+**
+** <dt>Local UPDATE<dd>
+**   This may conflict with a remote UPDATE or DELETE. If it conflicts
+**   with a DELETE, and the conflict resolution was OMIT, then the update
+**   is changed into an INSERT. Any undefined values in the new.* record
+**   from the update change are filled in using the old.* values from
+**   the conflicting DELETE. Or, if the conflict resolution was REPLACE,
+**   the UPDATE change is simply omitted from the rebased changeset.
+**
+**   If conflict is with a remote UPDATE and the resolution is OMIT, then
+**   the old.* values are rebased using the new.* values in the remote
+**   change. Or, if the resolution is REPLACE, then the change is copied
+**   into the rebased changeset with updates to columns also updated by
+**   the conflicting remote UPDATE removed. If this means no columns would
+**   be updated, the change is omitted.
+** </dl>
+**
+** A local change may be rebased against multiple remote changes
+** simultaneously. If a single key is modified by multiple remote
+** changesets, they are combined as follows before the local changeset
+** is rebased:
+**
+** <ul>
+**    <li> If there has been one or more REPLACE resolutions on a
+**         key, it is rebased according to a REPLACE.
+**
+**    <li> If there have been no REPLACE resolutions on a key, then
+**         the local changeset is rebased according to the most recent
+**         of the OMIT resolutions.
+** </ul>
+**
+** Note that conflict resolutions from multiple remote changesets are
+** combined on a per-field basis, not per-row. This means that in the
+** case of multiple remote UPDATE operations, some fields of a single
+** local change may be rebased for REPLACE while others are rebased for
+** OMIT.
+**
+** In order to rebase a local changeset, the remote changeset must first
+** be applied to the local database using sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() and
+** the buffer of rebase information captured. Then:
+**
+** <ol>
+**   <li> An sqlite3_rebaser object is created by calling
+**        sqlite3rebaser_create().
+**   <li> The new object is configured with the rebase buffer obtained from
+**        sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() by calling sqlite3rebaser_configure().
+**        If the local changeset is to be rebased against multiple remote
+**        changesets, then sqlite3rebaser_configure() should be called
+**        multiple times, in the same order that the multiple
+**        sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() calls were made.
+**   <li> Each local changeset is rebased by calling sqlite3rebaser_rebase().
+**   <li> The sqlite3_rebaser object is deleted by calling
+**        sqlite3rebaser_delete().
+** </ol>
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_rebaser sqlite3_rebaser;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Create a changeset rebaser object.
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Allocate a new changeset rebaser object. If successful, set (*ppNew) to
+** point to the new object and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, if an error
+** occurs, return an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) and set (*ppNew)
+** to NULL.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_create(sqlite3_rebaser **ppNew);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Configure a changeset rebaser object.
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Configure the changeset rebaser object to rebase changesets according
+** to the conflict resolutions described by buffer pRebase (size nRebase
+** bytes), which must have been obtained from a previous call to
+** sqlite3changeset_apply_v2().
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_configure(
+  sqlite3_rebaser*,
+  int nRebase, const void *pRebase
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Rebase a changeset
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Argument pIn must point to a buffer containing a changeset nIn bytes
+** in size. This function allocates and populates a buffer with a copy
+** of the changeset rebased rebased according to the configuration of the
+** rebaser object passed as the first argument. If successful, (*ppOut)
+** is set to point to the new buffer containing the rebased changset and
+** (*pnOut) to its size in bytes and SQLITE_OK returned. It is the
+** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the new buffer using
+** sqlite3_free(). Otherwise, if an error occurs, (*ppOut) and (*pnOut)
+** are set to zero and an SQLite error code returned.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_rebase(
+  sqlite3_rebaser*,
+  int nIn, const void *pIn,
+  int *pnOut, void **ppOut
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Delete a changeset rebaser object.
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Delete the changeset rebaser object and all associated resources. There
+** should be one call to this function for each successful invocation
+** of sqlite3rebaser_create().
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3rebaser_delete(sqlite3_rebaser *p);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
+**
+** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the
+** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
+**
+** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
+**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply]
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat]
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert]
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_start]
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_changeset]
+**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_patchset]
+** </table>
+**
+** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
+** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory.
+** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning
+** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc().
+** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a
+** low-memory environment is required to handle very large changesets, the
+** large contiguous memory allocations required can become onerous.
+**
+** In order to avoid this problem, instead of a single large buffer, input
+** is passed to a streaming API functions by way of a callback function that
+** the sessions module invokes to incrementally request input data as it is
+** required. In all cases, a pair of API function parameters such as
+**
+**  <pre>
+**  &nbsp;     int nChangeset,
+**  &nbsp;     void *pChangeset,
+**  </pre>
+**
+** Is replaced by:
+**
+**  <pre>
+**  &nbsp;     int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+**  &nbsp;     void *pIn,
+**  </pre>
+**
+** Each time the xInput callback is invoked by the sessions module, the first
+** argument passed is a copy of the supplied pIn context pointer. The second
+** argument, pData, points to a buffer (*pnData) bytes in size. Assuming no
+** error occurs the xInput method should copy up to (*pnData) bytes of data
+** into the buffer and set (*pnData) to the actual number of bytes copied
+** before returning SQLITE_OK. If the input is completely exhausted, (*pnData)
+** should be set to zero to indicate this. Or, if an error occurs, an SQLite
+** error code should be returned. In all cases, if an xInput callback returns
+** an error, all processing is abandoned and the streaming API function
+** returns a copy of the error code to the caller.
+**
+** In the case of sqlite3changeset_start_strm(), the xInput callback may be
+** invoked by the sessions module at any point during the lifetime of the
+** iterator. If such an xInput callback returns an error, the iterator enters
+** an error state, whereby all subsequent calls to iterator functions
+** immediately fail with the same error code as returned by xInput.
+**
+** Similarly, streaming API functions that return changesets (or patchsets)
+** return them in chunks by way of a callback function instead of via a
+** pointer to a single large buffer. In this case, a pair of parameters such
+** as:
+**
+**  <pre>
+**  &nbsp;     int *pnChangeset,
+**  &nbsp;     void **ppChangeset,
+**  </pre>
+**
+** Is replaced by:
+**
+**  <pre>
+**  &nbsp;     int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+**  &nbsp;     void *pOut
+**  </pre>
+**
+** The xOutput callback is invoked zero or more times to return data to
+** the application. The first parameter passed to each call is a copy of the
+** pOut pointer supplied by the application. The second parameter, pData,
+** points to a buffer nData bytes in size containing the chunk of output
+** data being returned. If the xOutput callback successfully processes the
+** supplied data, it should return SQLITE_OK to indicate success. Otherwise,
+** it should return some other SQLite error code. In this case processing
+** is immediately abandoned and the streaming API function returns a copy
+** of the xOutput error code to the application.
+**
+** The sessions module never invokes an xOutput callback with the third
+** parameter set to a value less than or equal to zero. Other than this,
+** no guarantees are made as to the size of the chunks of data returned.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_strm(
+  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
+  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
+  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
+  int(*xFilter)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
+  ),
+  int(*xConflict)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
+    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
+  ),
+  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_v2_strm(
+  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
+  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
+  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
+  int(*xFilter)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
+  ),
+  int(*xConflict)(
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
+    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
+    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
+  ),
+  void *pCtx,                     /* First argument passed to xConflict */
+  void **ppRebase, int *pnRebase
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat_strm(
+  int (*xInputA)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+  void *pInA,
+  int (*xInputB)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+  void *pInB,
+  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+  void *pOut
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert_strm(
+  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+  void *pIn,
+  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+  void *pOut
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start_strm(
+  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,
+  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+  void *pIn
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset_strm(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,
+  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+  void *pOut
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset_strm(
+  sqlite3_session *pSession,
+  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+  void *pOut
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_add_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*,
+    int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+    void *pIn
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_output_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*,
+    int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+    void *pOut
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_rebase_strm(
+  sqlite3_rebaser *pRebaser,
+  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
+  void *pIn,
+  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
+  void *pOut
+);
+
+
+/*
+** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
+*/
+#if 0
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif  /* !defined(__SQLITESESSION_H_) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION) */
+
+/******** End of sqlite3session.h *********/
+/******** Begin file fts5.h *********/
+/*
+** 2014 May 31
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
@@ -7758,12 +11601,1173 @@
 **    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
 **    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
 **
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** Interfaces to extend FTS5. Using the interfaces defined in this file,
+** FTS5 may be extended with:
+**
+**     * custom tokenizers, and
+**     * custom auxiliary functions.
+*/
+
+
+#ifndef _FTS5_H
+#define _FTS5_H
+
+
+#if 0
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** CUSTOM AUXILIARY FUNCTIONS
+**
+** Virtual table implementations may overload SQL functions by implementing
+** the sqlite3_module.xFindFunction() method.
+*/
+
+typedef struct Fts5ExtensionApi Fts5ExtensionApi;
+typedef struct Fts5Context Fts5Context;
+typedef struct Fts5PhraseIter Fts5PhraseIter;
+
+typedef void (*fts5_extension_function)(
+  const Fts5ExtensionApi *pApi,   /* API offered by current FTS version */
+  Fts5Context *pFts,              /* First arg to pass to pApi functions */
+  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Context for returning result/error */
+  int nVal,                       /* Number of values in apVal[] array */
+  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Array of trailing arguments */
+);
+
+struct Fts5PhraseIter {
+  const unsigned char *a;
+  const unsigned char *b;
+};
+
+/*
+** EXTENSION API FUNCTIONS
+**
+** xUserData(pFts):
+**   Return a copy of the context pointer the extension function was
+**   registered with.
+**
+** xColumnTotalSize(pFts, iCol, pnToken):
+**   If parameter iCol is less than zero, set output variable *pnToken
+**   to the total number of tokens in the FTS5 table. Or, if iCol is
+**   non-negative but less than the number of columns in the table, return
+**   the total number of tokens in column iCol, considering all rows in
+**   the FTS5 table.
+**
+**   If parameter iCol is greater than or equal to the number of columns
+**   in the table, SQLITE_RANGE is returned. Or, if an error occurs (e.g.
+**   an OOM condition or IO error), an appropriate SQLite error code is
+**   returned.
+**
+** xColumnCount(pFts):
+**   Return the number of columns in the table.
+**
+** xColumnSize(pFts, iCol, pnToken):
+**   If parameter iCol is less than zero, set output variable *pnToken
+**   to the total number of tokens in the current row. Or, if iCol is
+**   non-negative but less than the number of columns in the table, set
+**   *pnToken to the number of tokens in column iCol of the current row.
+**
+**   If parameter iCol is greater than or equal to the number of columns
+**   in the table, SQLITE_RANGE is returned. Or, if an error occurs (e.g.
+**   an OOM condition or IO error), an appropriate SQLite error code is
+**   returned.
+**
+**   This function may be quite inefficient if used with an FTS5 table
+**   created with the "columnsize=0" option.
+**
+** xColumnText:
+**   This function attempts to retrieve the text of column iCol of the
+**   current document. If successful, (*pz) is set to point to a buffer
+**   containing the text in utf-8 encoding, (*pn) is set to the size in bytes
+**   (not characters) of the buffer and SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise,
+**   if an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the final values
+**   of (*pz) and (*pn) are undefined.
+**
+** xPhraseCount:
+**   Returns the number of phrases in the current query expression.
+**
+** xPhraseSize:
+**   Returns the number of tokens in phrase iPhrase of the query. Phrases
+**   are numbered starting from zero.
+**
+** xInstCount:
+**   Set *pnInst to the total number of occurrences of all phrases within
+**   the query within the current row. Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or
+**   an error code (i.e. SQLITE_NOMEM) if an error occurs.
+**
+**   This API can be quite slow if used with an FTS5 table created with the
+**   "detail=none" or "detail=column" option. If the FTS5 table is created
+**   with either "detail=none" or "detail=column" and "content=" option
+**   (i.e. if it is a contentless table), then this API always returns 0.
+**
+** xInst:
+**   Query for the details of phrase match iIdx within the current row.
+**   Phrase matches are numbered starting from zero, so the iIdx argument
+**   should be greater than or equal to zero and smaller than the value
+**   output by xInstCount().
+**
+**   Usually, output parameter *piPhrase is set to the phrase number, *piCol
+**   to the column in which it occurs and *piOff the token offset of the
+**   first token of the phrase. The exception is if the table was created
+**   with the offsets=0 option specified. In this case *piOff is always
+**   set to -1.
+**
+**   Returns SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code (i.e. SQLITE_NOMEM)
+**   if an error occurs.
+**
+**   This API can be quite slow if used with an FTS5 table created with the
+**   "detail=none" or "detail=column" option.
+**
+** xRowid:
+**   Returns the rowid of the current row.
+**
+** xTokenize:
+**   Tokenize text using the tokenizer belonging to the FTS5 table.
+**
+** xQueryPhrase(pFts5, iPhrase, pUserData, xCallback):
+**   This API function is used to query the FTS table for phrase iPhrase
+**   of the current query. Specifically, a query equivalent to:
+**
+**       ... FROM ftstable WHERE ftstable MATCH $p ORDER BY rowid
+**
+**   with $p set to a phrase equivalent to the phrase iPhrase of the
+**   current query is executed. Any column filter that applies to
+**   phrase iPhrase of the current query is included in $p. For each
+**   row visited, the callback function passed as the fourth argument
+**   is invoked. The context and API objects passed to the callback
+**   function may be used to access the properties of each matched row.
+**   Invoking Api.xUserData() returns a copy of the pointer passed as
+**   the third argument to pUserData.
+**
+**   If the callback function returns any value other than SQLITE_OK, the
+**   query is abandoned and the xQueryPhrase function returns immediately.
+**   If the returned value is SQLITE_DONE, xQueryPhrase returns SQLITE_OK.
+**   Otherwise, the error code is propagated upwards.
+**
+**   If the query runs to completion without incident, SQLITE_OK is returned.
+**   Or, if some error occurs before the query completes or is aborted by
+**   the callback, an SQLite error code is returned.
+**
+**
+** xSetAuxdata(pFts5, pAux, xDelete)
+**
+**   Save the pointer passed as the second argument as the extension functions
+**   "auxiliary data". The pointer may then be retrieved by the current or any
+**   future invocation of the same fts5 extension function made as part of
+**   of the same MATCH query using the xGetAuxdata() API.
+**
+**   Each extension function is allocated a single auxiliary data slot for
+**   each FTS query (MATCH expression). If the extension function is invoked
+**   more than once for a single FTS query, then all invocations share a
+**   single auxiliary data context.
+**
+**   If there is already an auxiliary data pointer when this function is
+**   invoked, then it is replaced by the new pointer. If an xDelete callback
+**   was specified along with the original pointer, it is invoked at this
+**   point.
+**
+**   The xDelete callback, if one is specified, is also invoked on the
+**   auxiliary data pointer after the FTS5 query has finished.
+**
+**   If an error (e.g. an OOM condition) occurs within this function, an
+**   the auxiliary data is set to NULL and an error code returned. If the
+**   xDelete parameter was not NULL, it is invoked on the auxiliary data
+**   pointer before returning.
+**
+**
+** xGetAuxdata(pFts5, bClear)
+**
+**   Returns the current auxiliary data pointer for the fts5 extension
+**   function. See the xSetAuxdata() method for details.
+**
+**   If the bClear argument is non-zero, then the auxiliary data is cleared
+**   (set to NULL) before this function returns. In this case the xDelete,
+**   if any, is not invoked.
+**
+**
+** xRowCount(pFts5, pnRow)
+**
+**   This function is used to retrieve the total number of rows in the table.
+**   In other words, the same value that would be returned by:
+**
+**        SELECT count(*) FROM ftstable;
+**
+** xPhraseFirst()
+**   This function is used, along with type Fts5PhraseIter and the xPhraseNext
+**   method, to iterate through all instances of a single query phrase within
+**   the current row. This is the same information as is accessible via the
+**   xInstCount/xInst APIs. While the xInstCount/xInst APIs are more convenient
+**   to use, this API may be faster under some circumstances. To iterate
+**   through instances of phrase iPhrase, use the following code:
+**
+**       Fts5PhraseIter iter;
+**       int iCol, iOff;
+**       for(pApi->xPhraseFirst(pFts, iPhrase, &iter, &iCol, &iOff);
+**           iCol>=0;
+**           pApi->xPhraseNext(pFts, &iter, &iCol, &iOff)
+**       ){
+**         // An instance of phrase iPhrase at offset iOff of column iCol
+**       }
+**
+**   The Fts5PhraseIter structure is defined above. Applications should not
+**   modify this structure directly - it should only be used as shown above
+**   with the xPhraseFirst() and xPhraseNext() API methods (and by
+**   xPhraseFirstColumn() and xPhraseNextColumn() as illustrated below).
+**
+**   This API can be quite slow if used with an FTS5 table created with the
+**   "detail=none" or "detail=column" option. If the FTS5 table is created
+**   with either "detail=none" or "detail=column" and "content=" option
+**   (i.e. if it is a contentless table), then this API always iterates
+**   through an empty set (all calls to xPhraseFirst() set iCol to -1).
+**
+** xPhraseNext()
+**   See xPhraseFirst above.
+**
+** xPhraseFirstColumn()
+**   This function and xPhraseNextColumn() are similar to the xPhraseFirst()
+**   and xPhraseNext() APIs described above. The difference is that instead
+**   of iterating through all instances of a phrase in the current row, these
+**   APIs are used to iterate through the set of columns in the current row
+**   that contain one or more instances of a specified phrase. For example:
+**
+**       Fts5PhraseIter iter;
+**       int iCol;
+**       for(pApi->xPhraseFirstColumn(pFts, iPhrase, &iter, &iCol);
+**           iCol>=0;
+**           pApi->xPhraseNextColumn(pFts, &iter, &iCol)
+**       ){
+**         // Column iCol contains at least one instance of phrase iPhrase
+**       }
+**
+**   This API can be quite slow if used with an FTS5 table created with the
+**   "detail=none" option. If the FTS5 table is created with either
+**   "detail=none" "content=" option (i.e. if it is a contentless table),
+**   then this API always iterates through an empty set (all calls to
+**   xPhraseFirstColumn() set iCol to -1).
+**
+**   The information accessed using this API and its companion
+**   xPhraseFirstColumn() may also be obtained using xPhraseFirst/xPhraseNext
+**   (or xInst/xInstCount). The chief advantage of this API is that it is
+**   significantly more efficient than those alternatives when used with
+**   "detail=column" tables.
+**
+** xPhraseNextColumn()
+**   See xPhraseFirstColumn above.
+*/
+struct Fts5ExtensionApi {
+  int iVersion;                   /* Currently always set to 3 */
+
+  void *(*xUserData)(Fts5Context*);
+
+  int (*xColumnCount)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xRowCount)(Fts5Context*, sqlite3_int64 *pnRow);
+  int (*xColumnTotalSize)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, sqlite3_int64 *pnToken);
+
+  int (*xTokenize)(Fts5Context*,
+    const char *pText, int nText, /* Text to tokenize */
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Context passed to xToken() */
+    int (*xToken)(void*, int, const char*, int, int, int)       /* Callback */
+  );
+
+  int (*xPhraseCount)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xPhraseSize)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase);
+
+  int (*xInstCount)(Fts5Context*, int *pnInst);
+  int (*xInst)(Fts5Context*, int iIdx, int *piPhrase, int *piCol, int *piOff);
+
+  sqlite3_int64 (*xRowid)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xColumnText)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, const char **pz, int *pn);
+  int (*xColumnSize)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, int *pnToken);
+
+  int (*xQueryPhrase)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase, void *pUserData,
+    int(*)(const Fts5ExtensionApi*,Fts5Context*,void*)
+  );
+  int (*xSetAuxdata)(Fts5Context*, void *pAux, void(*xDelete)(void*));
+  void *(*xGetAuxdata)(Fts5Context*, int bClear);
+
+  int (*xPhraseFirst)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase, Fts5PhraseIter*, int*, int*);
+  void (*xPhraseNext)(Fts5Context*, Fts5PhraseIter*, int *piCol, int *piOff);
+
+  int (*xPhraseFirstColumn)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase, Fts5PhraseIter*, int*);
+  void (*xPhraseNextColumn)(Fts5Context*, Fts5PhraseIter*, int *piCol);
+};
+
+/*
+** CUSTOM AUXILIARY FUNCTIONS
+*************************************************************************/
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** CUSTOM TOKENIZERS
+**
+** Applications may also register custom tokenizer types. A tokenizer
+** is registered by providing fts5 with a populated instance of the
+** following structure. All structure methods must be defined, setting
+** any member of the fts5_tokenizer struct to NULL leads to undefined
+** behaviour. The structure methods are expected to function as follows:
+**
+** xCreate:
+**   This function is used to allocate and initialize a tokenizer instance.
+**   A tokenizer instance is required to actually tokenize text.
+**
+**   The first argument passed to this function is a copy of the (void*)
+**   pointer provided by the application when the fts5_tokenizer object
+**   was registered with FTS5 (the third argument to xCreateTokenizer()).
+**   The second and third arguments are an array of nul-terminated strings
+**   containing the tokenizer arguments, if any, specified following the
+**   tokenizer name as part of the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement used
+**   to create the FTS5 table.
+**
+**   The final argument is an output variable. If successful, (*ppOut)
+**   should be set to point to the new tokenizer handle and SQLITE_OK
+**   returned. If an error occurs, some value other than SQLITE_OK should
+**   be returned. In this case, fts5 assumes that the final value of *ppOut
+**   is undefined.
+**
+** xDelete:
+**   This function is invoked to delete a tokenizer handle previously
+**   allocated using xCreate(). Fts5 guarantees that this function will
+**   be invoked exactly once for each successful call to xCreate().
+**
+** xTokenize:
+**   This function is expected to tokenize the nText byte string indicated
+**   by argument pText. pText may or may not be nul-terminated. The first
+**   argument passed to this function is a pointer to an Fts5Tokenizer object
+**   returned by an earlier call to xCreate().
+**
+**   The second argument indicates the reason that FTS5 is requesting
+**   tokenization of the supplied text. This is always one of the following
+**   four values:
+**
+**   <ul><li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_DOCUMENT</b> - A document is being inserted into
+**            or removed from the FTS table. The tokenizer is being invoked to
+**            determine the set of tokens to add to (or delete from) the
+**            FTS index.
+**
+**       <li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY</b> - A MATCH query is being executed
+**            against the FTS index. The tokenizer is being called to tokenize
+**            a bareword or quoted string specified as part of the query.
+**
+**       <li> <b>(FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY | FTS5_TOKENIZE_PREFIX)</b> - Same as
+**            FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY, except that the bareword or quoted string is
+**            followed by a "*" character, indicating that the last token
+**            returned by the tokenizer will be treated as a token prefix.
+**
+**       <li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_AUX</b> - The tokenizer is being invoked to
+**            satisfy an fts5_api.xTokenize() request made by an auxiliary
+**            function. Or an fts5_api.xColumnSize() request made by the same
+**            on a columnsize=0 database.
+**   </ul>
+**
+**   For each token in the input string, the supplied callback xToken() must
+**   be invoked. The first argument to it should be a copy of the pointer
+**   passed as the second argument to xTokenize(). The third and fourth
+**   arguments are a pointer to a buffer containing the token text, and the
+**   size of the token in bytes. The 4th and 5th arguments are the byte offsets
+**   of the first byte of and first byte immediately following the text from
+**   which the token is derived within the input.
+**
+**   The second argument passed to the xToken() callback ("tflags") should
+**   normally be set to 0. The exception is if the tokenizer supports
+**   synonyms. In this case see the discussion below for details.
+**
+**   FTS5 assumes the xToken() callback is invoked for each token in the
+**   order that they occur within the input text.
+**
+**   If an xToken() callback returns any value other than SQLITE_OK, then
+**   the tokenization should be abandoned and the xTokenize() method should
+**   immediately return a copy of the xToken() return value. Or, if the
+**   input buffer is exhausted, xTokenize() should return SQLITE_OK. Finally,
+**   if an error occurs with the xTokenize() implementation itself, it
+**   may abandon the tokenization and return any error code other than
+**   SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_DONE.
+**
+** SYNONYM SUPPORT
+**
+**   Custom tokenizers may also support synonyms. Consider a case in which a
+**   user wishes to query for a phrase such as "first place". Using the
+**   built-in tokenizers, the FTS5 query 'first + place' will match instances
+**   of "first place" within the document set, but not alternative forms
+**   such as "1st place". In some applications, it would be better to match
+**   all instances of "first place" or "1st place" regardless of which form
+**   the user specified in the MATCH query text.
+**
+**   There are several ways to approach this in FTS5:
+**
+**   <ol><li> By mapping all synonyms to a single token. In this case, the
+**            In the above example, this means that the tokenizer returns the
+**            same token for inputs "first" and "1st". Say that token is in
+**            fact "first", so that when the user inserts the document "I won
+**            1st place" entries are added to the index for tokens "i", "won",
+**            "first" and "place". If the user then queries for '1st + place',
+**            the tokenizer substitutes "first" for "1st" and the query works
+**            as expected.
+**
+**       <li> By adding multiple synonyms for a single term to the FTS index.
+**            In this case, when tokenizing query text, the tokenizer may
+**            provide multiple synonyms for a single term within the document.
+**            FTS5 then queries the index for each synonym individually. For
+**            example, faced with the query:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH 'first place'</codeblock>
+**
+**            the tokenizer offers both "1st" and "first" as synonyms for the
+**            first token in the MATCH query and FTS5 effectively runs a query
+**            similar to:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH '(first OR 1st) place'</codeblock>
+**
+**            except that, for the purposes of auxiliary functions, the query
+**            still appears to contain just two phrases - "(first OR 1st)"
+**            being treated as a single phrase.
+**
+**       <li> By adding multiple synonyms for a single term to the FTS index.
+**            Using this method, when tokenizing document text, the tokenizer
+**            provides multiple synonyms for each token. So that when a
+**            document such as "I won first place" is tokenized, entries are
+**            added to the FTS index for "i", "won", "first", "1st" and
+**            "place".
+**
+**            This way, even if the tokenizer does not provide synonyms
+**            when tokenizing query text (it should not - to do would be
+**            inefficient), it doesn't matter if the user queries for
+**            'first + place' or '1st + place', as there are entires in the
+**            FTS index corresponding to both forms of the first token.
+**   </ol>
+**
+**   Whether it is parsing document or query text, any call to xToken that
+**   specifies a <i>tflags</i> argument with the FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED bit
+**   is considered to supply a synonym for the previous token. For example,
+**   when parsing the document "I won first place", a tokenizer that supports
+**   synonyms would call xToken() 5 times, as follows:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "i",                      1,  0,  1);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "won",                    3,  2,  5);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "first",                  5,  6, 11);
+**       xToken(pCtx, FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED, "1st", 3,  6, 11);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "place",                  5, 12, 17);
+**</codeblock>
+**
+**   It is an error to specify the FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED flag the first time
+**   xToken() is called. Multiple synonyms may be specified for a single token
+**   by making multiple calls to xToken(FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED) in sequence.
+**   There is no limit to the number of synonyms that may be provided for a
+**   single token.
+**
+**   In many cases, method (1) above is the best approach. It does not add
+**   extra data to the FTS index or require FTS5 to query for multiple terms,
+**   so it is efficient in terms of disk space and query speed. However, it
+**   does not support prefix queries very well. If, as suggested above, the
+**   token "first" is subsituted for "1st" by the tokenizer, then the query:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH '1s*'</codeblock>
+**
+**   will not match documents that contain the token "1st" (as the tokenizer
+**   will probably not map "1s" to any prefix of "first").
+**
+**   For full prefix support, method (3) may be preferred. In this case,
+**   because the index contains entries for both "first" and "1st", prefix
+**   queries such as 'fi*' or '1s*' will match correctly. However, because
+**   extra entries are added to the FTS index, this method uses more space
+**   within the database.
+**
+**   Method (2) offers a midpoint between (1) and (3). Using this method,
+**   a query such as '1s*' will match documents that contain the literal
+**   token "1st", but not "first" (assuming the tokenizer is not able to
+**   provide synonyms for prefixes). However, a non-prefix query like '1st'
+**   will match against "1st" and "first". This method does not require
+**   extra disk space, as no extra entries are added to the FTS index.
+**   On the other hand, it may require more CPU cycles to run MATCH queries,
+**   as separate queries of the FTS index are required for each synonym.
+**
+**   When using methods (2) or (3), it is important that the tokenizer only
+**   provide synonyms when tokenizing document text (method (2)) or query
+**   text (method (3)), not both. Doing so will not cause any errors, but is
+**   inefficient.
+*/
+typedef struct Fts5Tokenizer Fts5Tokenizer;
+typedef struct fts5_tokenizer fts5_tokenizer;
+struct fts5_tokenizer {
+  int (*xCreate)(void*, const char **azArg, int nArg, Fts5Tokenizer **ppOut);
+  void (*xDelete)(Fts5Tokenizer*);
+  int (*xTokenize)(Fts5Tokenizer*,
+      void *pCtx,
+      int flags,            /* Mask of FTS5_TOKENIZE_* flags */
+      const char *pText, int nText,
+      int (*xToken)(
+        void *pCtx,         /* Copy of 2nd argument to xTokenize() */
+        int tflags,         /* Mask of FTS5_TOKEN_* flags */
+        const char *pToken, /* Pointer to buffer containing token */
+        int nToken,         /* Size of token in bytes */
+        int iStart,         /* Byte offset of token within input text */
+        int iEnd            /* Byte offset of end of token within input text */
+      )
+  );
+};
+
+/* Flags that may be passed as the third argument to xTokenize() */
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY     0x0001
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_PREFIX    0x0002
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_DOCUMENT  0x0004
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_AUX       0x0008
+
+/* Flags that may be passed by the tokenizer implementation back to FTS5
+** as the third argument to the supplied xToken callback. */
+#define FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED    0x0001      /* Same position as prev. token */
+
+/*
+** END OF CUSTOM TOKENIZERS
+*************************************************************************/
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** FTS5 EXTENSION REGISTRATION API
+*/
+typedef struct fts5_api fts5_api;
+struct fts5_api {
+  int iVersion;                   /* Currently always set to 2 */
+
+  /* Create a new tokenizer */
+  int (*xCreateTokenizer)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void *pContext,
+    fts5_tokenizer *pTokenizer,
+    void (*xDestroy)(void*)
+  );
+
+  /* Find an existing tokenizer */
+  int (*xFindTokenizer)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void **ppContext,
+    fts5_tokenizer *pTokenizer
+  );
+
+  /* Create a new auxiliary function */
+  int (*xCreateFunction)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void *pContext,
+    fts5_extension_function xFunction,
+    void (*xDestroy)(void*)
+  );
+};
+
+/*
+** END OF REGISTRATION API
+*************************************************************************/
+
+#if 0
+}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _FTS5_H */
+
+/******** End of fts5.h *********/
+
+/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/*
+** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
+** autoconf-based build
+*/
+#if defined(_HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H) && !defined(SQLITECONFIG_H)
+/* #include "config.h" */
+#define SQLITECONFIG_H 1
+#endif
+
+/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
+/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 May 7
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
+*/
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
+** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
+**
+** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
+** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This is the maximum number of
+**
+**    * Columns in a table
+**    * Columns in an index
+**    * Columns in a view
+**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
+**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
+**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
+**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
+**
+** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
+** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
+** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
+** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
+** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
+**
+** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
+** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
+** to turn this limit off.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to
+** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might
+** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an
+** expression.
+**
+** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
+** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
+** at all times.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
+** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
+** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
+** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
+** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
+** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
+** Not currently enforced.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 250000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
+# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The suggested maximum number of in-memory pages to use for
+** the main database table and for temporary tables.
+**
+** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-30185-15359 The default suggested cache size is -2000,
+** which means the cache size is limited to 2048000 bytes of memory.
+** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-48205-43578 The default suggested cache size can be
+** altered using the SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE compile-time options.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  -2000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
+** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
+** and 125.  The upper bound of 125 is because the attached databases are
+** counted using a signed 8-bit integer which has a maximum value of 127
+** and we have to allow 2 extra counts for the "main" and "temp" databases.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
+# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
+#endif
+
+/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
+** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
+**
+** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
+** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
+** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library
+** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database
+** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite
+** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback
+** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
+
+
+/*
+** The default size of a database page.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 4096
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
+** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
+** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
+** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
+** SQLite will choose on its own.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
+**
+** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
+** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
+** max_page_count macro.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
+** operator.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
+**
+** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
+** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all
+** may be executed.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+
+/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
+#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
+#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
+#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
+#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
+#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
+#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Include standard header files as necessary
+*/
+#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
+#include <stdint.h>
+#endif
+#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
+** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
+** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
+** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
+**
+** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type.
+** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
+** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
+** that vary from one machine to the next.
+**
+** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on