annotate test/jdk/sun/util/calendar/zi/tzdata/africa @ 52442:b6f32c533faf

8213330: Fix legal headers in i18n tests Reviewed-by: lancea
author naoto
date Mon, 05 Nov 2018 13:55:41 -0800
parents c9bbf33fd1ae
children
rev   line source
sherman@15658 1 #
sherman@15658 2 # DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
sherman@19382 3 #
sherman@15658 4 # This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
sherman@15658 5 # under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
naoto@52442 6 # published by the Free Software Foundation.
sherman@19382 7 #
sherman@15658 8 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
sherman@15658 9 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
sherman@15658 10 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
sherman@15658 11 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
sherman@15658 12 # accompanied this code).
sherman@19382 13 #
sherman@15658 14 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
sherman@15658 15 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
sherman@15658 16 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
sherman@19382 17 #
sherman@15658 18 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
sherman@15658 19 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
sherman@15658 20 # questions.
sherman@15658 21 #
rpatil@52395 22 # tzdb data for Africa and environs
rpatil@52395 23
sherman@15658 24 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
sherman@15658 25 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
sherman@15658 26
aefimov@26452 27 # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
sherman@15658 28 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
aefimov@26452 29 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
aefimov@26452 30 # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
sherman@15658 31
rpatil@52395 32 # From Paul Eggert (2018-05-27):
sherman@15658 33 #
aefimov@27727 34 # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
sherman@15658 35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
sherman@15658 36 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
aefimov@27727 37 # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
sherman@15658 38 #
rpatil@44118 39 # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
rpatil@44118 40 # for time zone data was the International Air Transport
sherman@15658 41 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
sherman@15658 42 # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
aefimov@27727 43 # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
aefimov@27727 44 # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
sherman@15658 45 #
sherman@15658 46 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
sherman@15658 47 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
sherman@15658 48 # I found in the UCLA library.
sherman@15658 49 #
sherman@17464 50 # For data circa 1899, a common source is:
aefimov@26452 51 # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
rpatil@47724 52 # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
sherman@17464 53 #
sherman@15658 54 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
sherman@15658 55 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
sherman@15658 56 #
rpatil@44118 57 # European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
rpatil@44118 58 # For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
sherman@15658 59 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
rpatil@44118 60 # for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
rpatil@44118 61 # but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
rpatil@44118 62 # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
rpatil@44118 63 # 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
rpatil@44118 64 # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
aefimov@26452 65 # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
sherman@15658 66 #
rpatil@44118 67 # To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
rpatil@44118 68 # +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
rpatil@44118 69 # +02 CAT Central Africa Time
rpatil@44118 70 # +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
rpatil@44118 71 # and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
rpatil@44118 72 # +01 WAT West Africa Time
rpatil@44118 73 # Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
rpatil@44118 74 # I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
rpatil@44118 75 # cannot now come up with solid citations.
sherman@15658 76 #
rpatil@52395 77 # I invented the following abbreviations in the 1990s:
rpatil@52395 78 # +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
rpatil@52395 79 # +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time
rpatil@52395 80 # +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time
rpatil@44118 81 # +03 EAT East Africa Time
rpatil@52395 82 # 'EAT' seems to have caught on and is in current timestamps, and though
rpatil@52395 83 # the other abbreviations are rarer and are only in past timestamps,
rpatil@52395 84 # they are paired with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
rpatil@52395 85 # Corrections are welcome.
sherman@15658 86
sherman@15658 87 # Algeria
sherman@15658 88 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 89 Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 90 Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 91 Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 92 Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 93 Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 94 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 95 Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 96 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 97 Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 98 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 99 Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
sherman@15658 100 Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 101 Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 102 Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
sherman@15658 103 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 104 Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 105 Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 106 Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 107 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 108 Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
sherman@15658 109 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 110 Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 111 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
sherman@15658 112 # more precise 0:09:21.
sherman@15658 113 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@26452 114 Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
aefimov@26452 115 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
aefimov@26452 116 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
sherman@15658 117 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
sherman@15658 118 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
sherman@15658 119 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
sherman@15658 120 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
sherman@15658 121 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
sherman@15658 122 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
sherman@15658 123 1:00 - CET
sherman@15658 124
sherman@15658 125 # Angola
sherman@15658 126 # Benin
aefimov@26452 127 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 128
sherman@15658 129 # Botswana
aefimov@27727 130 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@15658 131
sherman@15658 132 # Burkina Faso
aefimov@26452 133 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 134
sherman@15658 135 # Burundi
aefimov@27727 136 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@15658 137
sherman@15658 138 # Cameroon
aefimov@26452 139 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 140
rpatil@42459 141 # Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
aefimov@26452 142 #
rpatil@49557 143 # From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
rpatil@44118 144 # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
rpatil@49557 145 # For now, ignore that and follow the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
rpatil@49557 146 # (see Europe/Lisbon).
aefimov@26452 147 #
sherman@15658 148 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
rpatil@49557 149 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1912 Jan 01 2:00u # Praia
rpatil@44118 150 -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
rpatil@44118 151 -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
rpatil@44118 152 -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
rpatil@44118 153 -1:00 - -01
sherman@15658 154
sherman@15658 155 # Central African Republic
aefimov@26452 156 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 157
sherman@15658 158 # Chad
sherman@15658 159 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@26452 160 Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
sherman@15658 161 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
sherman@15658 162 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
sherman@15658 163 1:00 - WAT
sherman@15658 164
sherman@15658 165 # Comoros
aefimov@27727 166 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 167
aefimov@26452 168 # Democratic Republic of the Congo
aefimov@27727 169 # See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
sherman@15658 170
sherman@15658 171 # Republic of the Congo
aefimov@26452 172 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 173
aefimov@26452 174 # Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
sherman@15658 175 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 176 Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
sherman@15658 177 0:00 - GMT
aefimov@26452 178 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
aefimov@26452 179 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
aefimov@26452 180 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
aefimov@26452 181 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
aefimov@26452 182 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
aefimov@26452 183 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
aefimov@26452 184 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
aefimov@26452 185 Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
aefimov@26452 186 Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
sherman@15658 187
sherman@15658 188 # Djibouti
aefimov@27727 189 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 190
sherman@15658 191 ###############################################################################
sherman@15658 192
sherman@15658 193 # Egypt
sherman@15658 194
sherman@17464 195 # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
sherman@17464 196 # observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
sherman@17464 197 # Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
sherman@17464 198 # did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
sherman@17464 199
sherman@15658 200 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 201 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 202 Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 203 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 204 Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 205 Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 206 Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 207 Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 208 Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 209 Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 210 Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 211 Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 212 Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 213 Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
sherman@15658 214 Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
sherman@15658 215 Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 216 Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 217 Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 218 Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 219 Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 220 # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
sherman@15658 221 # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
sherman@15658 222
sherman@15658 223 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
sherman@15658 224 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
sherman@15658 225 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
sherman@15658 226 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
sherman@15658 227 #
sherman@15658 228 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
sherman@15658 229 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
sherman@15658 230 # or
sherman@15658 231 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
sherman@15658 232 Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
aefimov@26452 233 Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
sherman@15658 234 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
sherman@15658 235 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
sherman@15658 236 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
sherman@15658 237 # after observing the daylight saving time since May.
sherman@15658 238 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
aefimov@26452 239 Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
sherman@15658 240 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
sherman@15658 241 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
sherman@15658 242 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
aefimov@26452 243 # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
sherman@15658 244 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
rpatil@47724 245 # https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
sherman@15658 246 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
sherman@15658 247 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
aefimov@26452 248 Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
sherman@15658 249 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
sherman@15658 250 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
sherman@15658 251 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
sherman@15658 252 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
sherman@15658 253 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
sherman@15658 254 # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
sherman@15658 255 # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
sherman@15658 256 # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
sherman@15658 257 # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
sherman@15658 258
sherman@15658 259 # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
sherman@15658 260 # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
sherman@15658 261 #
sherman@15658 262 # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
sherman@15658 263 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@15658 264 # Apr 23
sherman@15658 265 # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
sherman@15658 266 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
sherman@15658 267 # Apr 24
sherman@15658 268 # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
sherman@15658 269 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@15658 270 # Aug 27
sherman@15658 271 # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
sherman@15658 272 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
sherman@15658 273 # Aug 27
sherman@15658 274 # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
sherman@15658 275 #
sherman@15658 276 # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
sherman@15658 277 # :59)
sherman@15658 278 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
sherman@15658 279 #
sherman@15658 280 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
sherman@15658 281 #
aefimov@26452 282 # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
rpatil@47724 283 # [2] https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
rpatil@47724 284 # [3] https://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
sherman@15658 285
sherman@15658 286 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
sherman@15658 287 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
sherman@15658 288 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
sherman@15658 289 # in September.
sherman@15658 290
sherman@15658 291 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
sherman@15658 292 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
sherman@15658 293 # Information and Decision Support Center:
rpatil@47724 294 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
sherman@15658 295 #
sherman@15658 296 # The Middle East News Agency
rpatil@47724 297 # https://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
sherman@15658 298 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
sherman@15658 299 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
sherman@15658 300 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
sherman@15658 301 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
sherman@15658 302 # (at least today).
sherman@15658 303
sherman@15658 304 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
aefimov@26452 305 # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
sherman@15658 306 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
sherman@15658 307 # Ramadan.
sherman@15658 308 #
sherman@15658 309 # Arabic translation:
aefimov@26452 310 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
sherman@15658 311 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
sherman@15658 312 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
sherman@15658 313
aefimov@24375 314 # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
aefimov@24375 315 # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
aefimov@24375 316 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
aefimov@24375 317
aefimov@27727 318 # From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
aefimov@24375 319 # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
aefimov@24375 320
aefimov@26452 321 # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
aefimov@26452 322 # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
aefimov@26452 323 # in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
aefimov@26452 324 # http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
aefimov@26452 325 # [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
aefimov@26452 326 # translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
aefimov@26452 327 # take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
aefimov@26452 328 # to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
aefimov@26452 329 # and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
aefimov@26452 330 # o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
aefimov@26452 331 # reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
aefimov@26452 332 # http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
aefimov@26452 333
aefimov@26452 334 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
aefimov@24375 335 # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
aefimov@24375 336 # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
aefimov@26452 337 # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
aefimov@26452 338 # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
aefimov@24375 339 # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
aefimov@30320 340
aefimov@30320 341 # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):
aefimov@30320 342 # Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.
aefimov@30320 343 # This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last
aefimov@30320 344 # Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but
aefimov@30320 345 # dates not yet announced....
aefimov@30320 346 # http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ...
rpatil@47724 347 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
aefimov@30320 348
aefimov@30320 349 # From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):
aefimov@30320 350 # Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at
aefimov@30320 351 # least for 2015.
aefimov@24375 352 #
aefimov@30320 353 # From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):
aefimov@30320 354 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx
aefimov@30320 355 # "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving
aefimov@30320 356 # time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the
aefimov@30320 357 # practice altogether in future years."
aefimov@30320 358 #
aefimov@31424 359 # From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24):
aefimov@31424 360 # Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his
aefimov@31424 361 # decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
aefimov@31424 362 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
aefimov@30320 363
rpatil@39829 364 # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
rpatil@39829 365 # Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
rpatil@39829 366 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
rpatil@39829 367 # From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
rpatil@39829 368 # Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
rpatil@39829 369
aefimov@26452 370 Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@26452 371 Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
aefimov@26452 372 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
aefimov@26452 373 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@26452 374 Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
aefimov@24375 375 Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@26452 376 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
aefimov@26452 377 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
aefimov@30320 378 Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
sherman@15658 379
sherman@15658 380 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@17464 381 Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
sherman@15658 382 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
sherman@15658 383
sherman@15658 384 # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@26452 385 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 386
sherman@15658 387 # Eritrea
sherman@15658 388 # Ethiopia
aefimov@27727 389 # See Africa/Nairobi.
rpatil@52395 390 #
rpatil@52395 391 # Unfortunately tzdb records only Western clock time in use in Ethiopia,
rpatil@52395 392 # as the tzdb format is not up to properly recording a common Ethiopian
rpatil@52395 393 # timekeeping practice that is based on solar time. See:
rpatil@52395 394 # Mortada D. If you have a meeting in Ethiopia, you'd better double
rpatil@52395 395 # check the time. PRI's The World. 2015-01-30 15:15 -05.
rpatil@52395 396 # https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-30/if-you-have-meeting-ethiopia-you-better-double-check-time
sherman@15658 397
sherman@15658 398 # Gabon
aefimov@26452 399 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 400
sherman@15658 401 # Gambia
aefimov@26452 402 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 403
sherman@15658 404 # Ghana
rpatil@49557 405
rpatil@49557 406 # From Paul Eggert (2018-01-30):
rpatil@49557 407 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
rpatil@49557 408 # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942 with 20 minutes of DST,
rpatil@49557 409 # with transitions on 09-01 and 12-31 at 00:00.
rpatil@49557 410 # Page 33 of Parish GCB, Colonial Reports - Annual. No. 1066. Gold
rpatil@49557 411 # Coast. Report for 1919. (March 1921), OCLC 784024077
rpatil@49557 412 # http://libsysdigi.library.illinois.edu/ilharvest/africana/books2011-05/5530214/5530214_1919/5530214_1919_opt.pdf
rpatil@49557 413 # lists the Determination of the Time Ordinance, 1919, No. 18,
rpatil@49557 414 # "to advance the time observed locally by the space of twenty minutes
rpatil@49557 415 # during the last four months of each year; the object in view being
rpatil@49557 416 # to extend during those months the period of daylight-time available
rpatil@49557 417 # for evening recreation after office hours."
rpatil@49557 418 # Vanessa Ogle, The Global Transformation of Time, 1870-1950 (2015), p 33,
rpatil@49557 419 # writes "In 1919, the Gold Coast (Ghana as of 1957) made Greenwich
rpatil@49557 420 # time its legal time and simultaneously legalized a summer time of
rpatil@49557 421 # UTC - 00:20 minutes from March to October."; a footnote lists
rpatil@49557 422 # the ordinance as being dated 1919-11-24.
rpatil@49557 423 # The Crown Colonist, Volume 12 (1942), p 176, says "the Government
rpatil@49557 424 # intend advancing Gold Coast time half an hour ahead of G.M.T.
rpatil@49557 425 # The actual date of the alteration has not yet been announced."
rpatil@49557 426 # These sources are incomplete and contradictory. Possibly what is
rpatil@49557 427 # now Ghana observed different DST regimes in different years. For
rpatil@49557 428 # lack of better info, use Shanks except treat the minus sign as a
rpatil@49557 429 # typo, and assume DST started in 1920 not 1936.
sherman@15658 430 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
rpatil@49557 431 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 -
rpatil@49557 432 Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 433 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 434 Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
rpatil@44118 435 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
sherman@15658 436
sherman@15658 437 # Guinea
aefimov@26452 438 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 439
sherman@15658 440 # Guinea-Bissau
aefimov@26452 441 #
rpatil@49557 442 # From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
aefimov@26452 443 # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
aefimov@26452 444 # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
rpatil@49557 445 # (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.
aefimov@26452 446 #
sherman@15658 447 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
rpatil@49557 448 Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 1:00u
rpatil@44118 449 -1:00 - -01 1975
sherman@15658 450 0:00 - GMT
sherman@15658 451
sherman@15658 452 # Kenya
sherman@15658 453 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 454 Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
sherman@15658 455 3:00 - EAT 1930
rpatil@44118 456 2:30 - +0230 1940
rpatil@44118 457 2:45 - +0245 1960
sherman@15658 458 3:00 - EAT
aefimov@27727 459 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
aefimov@27727 460 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
aefimov@27727 461 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
aefimov@27727 462 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
aefimov@27727 463 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
aefimov@27727 464 Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
aefimov@27727 465 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
aefimov@27727 466 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
aefimov@27727 467 Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
sherman@15658 468
sherman@15658 469 # Lesotho
aefimov@27727 470 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
sherman@15658 471
sherman@15658 472 # Liberia
rpatil@44530 473 #
rpatil@44530 474 # From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
rpatil@44530 475 #
rpatil@44530 476 # The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
rpatil@44530 477 #
rpatil@48717 478 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UT offset
rpatil@44530 479 # that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
rpatil@44530 480 # 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
rpatil@44530 481 # Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
rpatil@44530 482 # President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
rpatil@44530 483 # Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
rpatil@44530 484 #
rpatil@44530 485 # Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
rpatil@44530 486 # abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
rpatil@44530 487 #
sherman@15658 488 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 489 Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
sherman@15658 490 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
rpatil@44530 491 -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
sherman@15658 492 0:00 - GMT
sherman@15658 493
sherman@15658 494 ###############################################################################
sherman@15658 495
sherman@15658 496 # Libya
sherman@15658 497
sherman@17464 498 # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
sherman@17464 499 # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
rpatil@47724 500 # https://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
sherman@17464 501 # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
sherman@17464 502 #
sherman@17464 503 # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
rpatil@47724 504 # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
sherman@17464 505 #
sherman@17464 506 # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
sherman@17464 507 # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
sherman@17464 508 # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
sherman@17464 509 # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
sherman@17464 510 # lastFri instead of lastSun).
sherman@17464 511
aefimov@21843 512 # From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
aefimov@21843 513 # The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
aefimov@21843 514 # cancelled yesterday....
rpatil@47724 515 # https://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
aefimov@21843 516 #
aefimov@21843 517 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
rpatil@41354 518 # For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
aefimov@21843 519
sherman@15658 520 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 521 Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 522 Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 523 Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 524 Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 525 Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 526 Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 527 Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 528 Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 529 Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 530 Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 531 Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 532 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 533 Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@17464 534 Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@17464 535 Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
aefimov@21843 536 Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
aefimov@21843 537 Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 538 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 539 Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
sherman@15658 540 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
sherman@15658 541 2:00 - EET 1982
sherman@15658 542 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
aefimov@22616 543 # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
aefimov@26452 544 # the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
sherman@15658 545 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
sherman@17464 546 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
aefimov@26452 547 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
aefimov@26452 548 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
aefimov@21843 549 2:00 - EET
sherman@15658 550
sherman@15658 551 # Madagascar
aefimov@27727 552 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 553
sherman@15658 554 # Malawi
aefimov@27727 555 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@15658 556
sherman@15658 557 # Mali
sherman@15658 558 # Mauritania
aefimov@26452 559 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 560
sherman@15658 561 # Mauritius
sherman@15658 562
sherman@15658 563 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
sherman@15658 564 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
sherman@15658 565 # basis....
sherman@15658 566 # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
sherman@15658 567 # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
rpatil@47724 568 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
sherman@15658 569
sherman@15658 570 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
sherman@15658 571 # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
sherman@15658 572
sherman@15658 573 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
sherman@15658 574 # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
sherman@15658 575 # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
sherman@15658 576 # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
sherman@15658 577
sherman@15658 578 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
sherman@15658 579 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
sherman@15658 580
sherman@15658 581 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
sherman@15658 582 # According to
sherman@15658 583 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
sherman@15658 584 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
sherman@15658 585 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
sherman@15658 586 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
sherman@15658 587 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
sherman@15658 588 #
sherman@15658 589 # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
sherman@15658 590 # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
sherman@15658 591 # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
sherman@15658 592 # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
sherman@15658 593 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
sherman@15658 594 # changes two days later.
sherman@15658 595
sherman@15658 596 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
sherman@15658 597 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
aefimov@32215 598 # time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
sherman@15658 599 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
sherman@15658 600 #
sherman@15658 601 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
aefimov@26452 602 # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
aefimov@26452 603 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
sherman@15658 604 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
sherman@15658 605
sherman@15658 606 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
sherman@15658 607 # The Government of Mauritius weblink
sherman@15658 608 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
sherman@15658 609 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
sherman@15658 610 #
sherman@15658 611 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
sherman@15658 612 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
sherman@15658 613 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
sherman@15658 614 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
sherman@15658 615 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
sherman@15658 616 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
sherman@15658 617 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
aefimov@26452 618 # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
sherman@15658 619 # and end on 29 March 2009.
sherman@15658 620
sherman@15658 621 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
sherman@15658 622 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
sherman@15658 623 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
sherman@15658 624 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
sherman@15658 625 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
sherman@15658 626
sherman@15658 627 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
sherman@15658 628 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
sherman@15658 629 # DST the coming summer...
sherman@15658 630 #
sherman@15658 631 # Some sources, in French:
sherman@15658 632 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
sherman@15658 633 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
sherman@15658 634 #
sherman@15658 635 # Our wrap-up:
rpatil@47724 636 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
sherman@15658 637
sherman@15658 638 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
sherman@15658 639 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
sherman@15658 640 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
sherman@15658 641 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
sherman@15658 642
sherman@15658 643 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
rpatil@49557 644 Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 645 Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
rpatil@49557 646 Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 647 Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 648 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@26452 649 Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
rpatil@44118 650 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
sherman@15658 651 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez
sherman@15658 652 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
sherman@15658 653
sherman@15658 654 # Mayotte
aefimov@27727 655 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 656
sherman@15658 657 # Morocco
aefimov@26452 658 # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
sherman@15658 659
sherman@15658 660 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
sherman@15658 661 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
sherman@15658 662 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
sherman@15658 663 #
sherman@15658 664 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
sherman@15658 665 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
aefimov@26452 666 # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
sherman@15658 667 #
rpatil@47724 668 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
sherman@15658 669 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
sherman@15658 670
sherman@15658 671 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
aefimov@26452 672 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
aefimov@26452 673 # Presse:
sherman@15658 674 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
sherman@15658 675 #
sherman@15658 676 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
sherman@15658 677 # spokesman.
sherman@15658 678
sherman@15658 679 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
sherman@15658 680 # According to this article:
rpatil@47724 681 # https://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
aefimov@26452 682 # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
aefimov@26452 683 # the changes occur at midnight:
sherman@15658 684 #
aefimov@26452 685 # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
aefimov@26452 686 # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
aefimov@26452 687 # Sunday night the 28th at midnight
sherman@15658 688 #
aefimov@26452 689 # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
aefimov@26452 690 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
aefimov@26452 691 # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
aefimov@26452 692 # June 1st to Sept 27th.
sherman@15658 693 #
sherman@15658 694 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
sherman@15658 695 # published on the web.
sherman@15658 696 #
sherman@15658 697 # It's also confirmed here:
sherman@15658 698 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
aefimov@26452 699 # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
aefimov@26452 700 # posted in English).
sherman@15658 701 #
aefimov@26452 702 # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
rpatil@47724 703 # https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
sherman@15658 704
sherman@15658 705 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
sherman@15658 706 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
sherman@15658 707 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
sherman@15658 708 # of September:
sherman@15658 709 #
sherman@15658 710 # One article about it (in French):
sherman@15658 711 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
sherman@15658 712 #
sherman@15658 713 # We have some further details posted here:
rpatil@47724 714 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
sherman@15658 715
sherman@15658 716 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
sherman@15658 717 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
sherman@15658 718 # to many sources, such as
sherman@15658 719 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
sherman@15658 720 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
sherman@15658 721 # (French)
sherman@15658 722 #
sherman@15658 723 # Our summary:
rpatil@47724 724 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
sherman@15658 725
sherman@15658 726 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
sherman@15658 727 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
aefimov@26452 728 # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
sherman@15658 729 #
aefimov@32215 730 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
sherman@15658 731 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
sherman@15658 732 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
sherman@15658 733 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
sherman@15658 734 #
sherman@15658 735 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
sherman@15658 736 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
sherman@15658 737
sherman@15658 738 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
sherman@15658 739 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
sherman@15658 740 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
sherman@15658 741 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
sherman@15658 742 #
sherman@15658 743 # Example:
sherman@15658 744 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
sherman@15658 745 # (French)
sherman@15658 746 # Our page:
rpatil@47724 747 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
sherman@15658 748
sherman@15658 749 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
sherman@15658 750 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
aefimov@26452 751 # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
aefimov@26452 752 # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
sherman@15658 753 # ...Official links of change in morocco
sherman@15658 754 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
sherman@15658 755 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
sherman@15658 756 # +212.537.71.84.00
sherman@15658 757 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
sherman@15658 758 # They said that
sherman@15658 759 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
sherman@15658 760 # is the official publication to look at.
sherman@15658 761 # They said that the decision was already taken.
sherman@15658 762 #
sherman@15658 763 # More articles in the press
rpatil@47724 764 # https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
sherman@15658 765 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
sherman@15658 766 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
sherman@15658 767
sherman@15658 768 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
sherman@15658 769 # They have it written in English here:
sherman@15658 770 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
sherman@15658 771 #
sherman@15658 772 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
sherman@15658 773 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
sherman@15658 774 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
sherman@15658 775 # also been like that in the past.
sherman@15658 776
sherman@15658 777 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
aefimov@26452 778 # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
aefimov@26452 779 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
aefimov@26452 780 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
sherman@15658 781 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
sherman@15658 782 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
sherman@15658 783 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
sherman@15658 784 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
sherman@15658 785 # except the month of Ramadan.
sherman@15658 786 # or (brief)
sherman@15658 787 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
sherman@15658 788
sherman@15658 789 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
sherman@15658 790 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
sherman@15658 791 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
sherman@15658 792 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
sherman@15658 793 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
sherman@15658 794 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
sherman@15658 795
sherman@15658 796 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
sherman@15658 797 # Seen Morocco change again:
sherman@15658 798 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
aefimov@26452 799 # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
aefimov@26452 800 # comme annoncé précédemment."
sherman@15658 801
sherman@15658 802 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
sherman@15658 803 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
sherman@15658 804 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
sherman@15658 805 #
sherman@15658 806 # Google translation, lightly edited:
sherman@15658 807 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
sherman@15658 808 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
sherman@15658 809 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
sherman@15658 810 # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
sherman@15658 811 # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
sherman@15658 812 # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
sherman@15658 813 # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
sherman@15658 814 # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
sherman@15658 815 # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
sherman@15658 816
sherman@17464 817 # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
sherman@17464 818 # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
sherman@17464 819 # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
sherman@17464 820 # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
sherman@17464 821 # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
aefimov@26452 822 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
sherman@19382 823
sherman@19382 824 # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
sherman@19382 825 # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
sherman@19382 826 # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
sherman@19382 827 # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
sherman@19382 828
aefimov@20867 829 # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
aefimov@20867 830 # Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
aefimov@20867 831 # before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
aefimov@20867 832 # this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
aefimov@20867 833 # to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
aefimov@20867 834 # source (French):
aefimov@20867 835 # http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
aefimov@20867 836 # Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
aefimov@20867 837 # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
aefimov@20867 838
aefimov@23719 839 # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
aefimov@23719 840 # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
aefimov@23719 841
aefimov@26452 842 # From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
aefimov@26452 843 # The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
aefimov@26452 844 # to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
aefimov@26452 845 # will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
aefimov@26452 846 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
aefimov@26452 847
aefimov@31424 848 # From Milamber (2015-06-08):
aefimov@31424 849 # (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes
aefimov@31424 850 # Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding
aefimov@31424 851 # that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,
aefimov@31424 852 # 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I
aefimov@31424 853 # 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of
aefimov@31424 854 # 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).
aefimov@31424 855 # Source (french):
rpatil@47724 856 # https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/
aefimov@31424 857 #
aefimov@31424 858 # From Milamber (2015-06-09):
aefimov@31424 859 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863
aefimov@31424 860 #
aefimov@31424 861 # From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):
aefimov@31424 862 # [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go
aefimov@31424 863 # from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....
aefimov@31424 864 # I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in
rpatil@47724 865 # <https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees
aefimov@31424 866 # with the patch.
aefimov@31424 867
rpatil@52395 868 # From Mohamed Essedik Najd (2018-10-26):
rpatil@52395 869 # Today, a Moroccan government council approved the perpetual addition
rpatil@52395 870 # of 60 minutes to the regular Moroccan timezone.
rpatil@52395 871 # From Brian Inglis (2018-10-26):
rpatil@52395 872 # http://www.maroc.ma/fr/actualites/le-conseil-de-gouvernement-adopte-un-projet-de-decret-relatif-lheure-legale-stipulant-le
sherman@17464 873
sherman@15658 874 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
rpatil@52395 875 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 876 Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 877 Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 878 Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 879 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 880 Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 881 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 882 Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 883 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 884 Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 885 Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 886 Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 887 Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 888 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 889 Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 890 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 891 Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 892 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
aefimov@26452 893 Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 894 Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 895 Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 896 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 -
rpatil@39829 897 Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 898 Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@26452 899 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 900 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 -
rpatil@39829 901 Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
aefimov@26452 902 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 903 Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 -
rpatil@52395 904 Rule Morocco 2013 2018 - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 905 Rule Morocco 2014 2018 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@26452 906 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 907 Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@31424 908 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 909 Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@31424 910 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 911 Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@31424 912 Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 913 Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 -
aefimov@31424 914 Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
rpatil@52395 915 Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 916
sherman@15658 917 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 918 Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
rpatil@52395 919 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
rpatil@52395 920 1:00 - +01 1986
rpatil@52395 921 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
rpatil@52395 922 1:00 - +01
aefimov@21843 923
sherman@15658 924 # Western Sahara
aefimov@21843 925 #
aefimov@21843 926 # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
aefimov@21843 927 # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
aefimov@21843 928 # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
aefimov@21843 929 # Morocco does.
aefimov@21843 930 #
aefimov@21843 931 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
aefimov@21843 932 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
aefimov@21843 933 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
aefimov@21843 934
aefimov@26452 935 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
rpatil@44118 936 -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
rpatil@52395 937 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
rpatil@52395 938 1:00 - +01
sherman@15658 939
sherman@15658 940 # Mozambique
aefimov@26452 941 #
aefimov@26452 942 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
aefimov@26452 943 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
rpatil@44118 944 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
aefimov@26452 945 # merely made it official?
aefimov@26452 946 #
sherman@15658 947 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 948 Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
sherman@15658 949 2:00 - CAT
aefimov@27727 950 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
aefimov@27727 951 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
aefimov@27727 952 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
aefimov@27727 953 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
aefimov@27727 954 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
aefimov@27727 955 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
aefimov@27727 956 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
sherman@15658 957
rpatil@47724 958
sherman@15658 959 # Namibia
rpatil@47724 960
rpatil@47724 961 # From Arthur David Olson (2017-08-09):
rpatil@47724 962 # The text of the "Namibia Time Act, 1994" is available online at
rpatil@47724 963 # www.lac.org.na/laws/1994/811.pdf
rpatil@47724 964 # and includes this nugget:
rpatil@47724 965 # Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of section 1, the
rpatil@47724 966 # first winter period after the commencement of this Act shall
rpatil@47724 967 # commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on
rpatil@47724 968 # Sunday 4 September 1994.
sherman@15658 969
rpatil@50292 970 # From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06):
rpatil@50292 971 # ... both summer and winter time are called "standard"
rpatil@50292 972 # (which differs from the use in Ireland) ...
rpatil@50292 973
aefimov@26452 974 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
aefimov@26452 975 # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
sherman@15658 976 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
sherman@15658 977 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
sherman@15658 978 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
sherman@15658 979 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
sherman@15658 980 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
sherman@15658 981 # of the country.
sherman@15658 982 #
rpatil@44118 983 # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
rpatil@44118 984 # Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
rpatil@44118 985 # observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
rpatil@44118 986 # In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
rpatil@44118 987 # See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
rpatil@47724 988 # https://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
rpatil@47724 989
rpatil@47724 990 # From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
rpatil@47724 991 # Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
rpatil@47724 992 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
rpatil@47724 993 # This video is from the government decision:
rpatil@47724 994 # https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
rpatil@47724 995 # We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
rpatil@47724 996 # the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
rpatil@47724 997 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
sherman@15658 998
rpatil@50292 999 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
rpatil@50292 1000 # Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
rpatil@50292 1001 # However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.:
rpatil@50292 1002 # http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
rpatil@50292 1003 # https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
rpatil@50292 1004 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
rpatil@50292 1005 # Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
rpatil@50292 1006 # with Namibia's neighbors.
rpatil@50292 1007
sherman@15658 1008 # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
rpatil@50292 1009 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
rpatil@50292 1010 #Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT
rpatil@50292 1011 #Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT
rpatil@50292 1012 #Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT
rpatil@50292 1013 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
rpatil@50292 1014 Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT
rpatil@50292 1015 Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT
rpatil@50292 1016 Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT
rpatil@50292 1017 # End of rearguard section.
rpatil@50292 1018
sherman@15658 1019 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 1020 Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
rpatil@44118 1021 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
aefimov@26452 1022 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
aefimov@26452 1023 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
sherman@15658 1024 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
rpatil@50292 1025 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
rpatil@50292 1026 # 2:00 Namibia %s
rpatil@50292 1027 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
rpatil@47724 1028 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
rpatil@50292 1029 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
rpatil@50292 1030 # The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See:
rpatil@50292 1031 # http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
rpatil@50292 1032 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24
rpatil@47724 1033 2:00 - CAT
rpatil@50292 1034 # End of rearguard section.
sherman@15658 1035
sherman@15658 1036 # Niger
aefimov@26452 1037 # See Africa/Lagos.
sherman@15658 1038
sherman@15658 1039 # Nigeria
sherman@15658 1040 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 1041 Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
sherman@15658 1042 1:00 - WAT
aefimov@26452 1043 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
aefimov@26452 1044 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
aefimov@26452 1045 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
aefimov@26452 1046 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
aefimov@26452 1047 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
aefimov@26452 1048 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
aefimov@26452 1049 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
aefimov@26452 1050 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
aefimov@26452 1051 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
sherman@15658 1052
aefimov@26452 1053 # Réunion
sherman@15658 1054 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@26452 1055 Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
rpatil@44118 1056 4:00 - +04
sherman@15658 1057 #
aefimov@26452 1058 # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
aefimov@26452 1059 #
aefimov@26452 1060 # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
sherman@15658 1061 # The following information about them is taken from
aefimov@26452 1062 # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
aefimov@26452 1063 # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
sherman@15658 1064 # We have no info about their time zone histories.
sherman@15658 1065 #
sherman@15658 1066 # Bassas da India - uninhabited
sherman@15658 1067 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
sherman@15658 1068 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
sherman@15658 1069 # Juan de Nova - uninhabited
sherman@15658 1070 # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
sherman@15658 1071
sherman@15658 1072 # Rwanda
aefimov@27727 1073 # See Africa/Maputo.
sherman@15658 1074
sherman@15658 1075 # St Helena
aefimov@26452 1076 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 1077 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
sherman@15658 1078 # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
aefimov@26452 1079 # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
sherman@15658 1080 # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
sherman@15658 1081 # on GMT, says the CIA
aefimov@26452 1082 # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
sherman@15658 1083
aefimov@26452 1084 # São Tomé and Príncipe
rpatil@48717 1085
rpatil@49557 1086 # See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.
rpatil@49557 1087
rpatil@48717 1088 # From Steffen Thorsen (2018-01-08):
rpatil@48717 1089 # Multiple sources tell that São Tomé changed from UTC to UTC+1 as
rpatil@48717 1090 # they entered the year 2018.
rpatil@48717 1091 # From Michael Deckers (2018-01-08):
rpatil@48717 1092 # the switch is from 01:00 to 02:00 ... [Decree No. 25/2017]
rpatil@48717 1093 # http://www.mnec.gov.st/index.php/publicacoes/documentos/file/90-decreto-lei-n-25-2017
rpatil@48717 1094
rpatil@48717 1095 Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
rpatil@49557 1096 -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 00:00u # Lisbon MT
rpatil@48717 1097 0:00 - GMT 2018 Jan 1 01:00
rpatil@48717 1098 1:00 - WAT
rpatil@48717 1099
sherman@15658 1100 # Senegal
aefimov@26452 1101 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 1102
sherman@15658 1103 # Seychelles
sherman@15658 1104 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
aefimov@26452 1105 Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
rpatil@44118 1106 4:00 - +04
sherman@15658 1107 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
sherman@15658 1108 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
sherman@15658 1109 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
sherman@15658 1110 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
sherman@15658 1111 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
sherman@15658 1112 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
sherman@15658 1113
sherman@15658 1114 # Sierra Leone
aefimov@26452 1115 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 1116
sherman@15658 1117 # Somalia
aefimov@27727 1118 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 1119
sherman@15658 1120 # South Africa
sherman@15658 1121 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 1122 Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
sherman@15658 1123 Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1124 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 1125 Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
sherman@15658 1126 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
sherman@15658 1127 2:00 SA SAST
aefimov@27727 1128 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
aefimov@27727 1129 Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
aefimov@27727 1130 #
sherman@15658 1131 # Marion and Prince Edward Is
sherman@15658 1132 # scientific station since 1947
sherman@15658 1133 # no information
sherman@15658 1134
sherman@15658 1135 # Sudan
rpatil@47724 1136
aefimov@26452 1137 # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
aefimov@26452 1138 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
aefimov@26452 1139 # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
sherman@15658 1140 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
sherman@15658 1141 # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
sherman@15658 1142 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
rpatil@47724 1143
rpatil@47724 1144 # From Ahmed Atyya, National Telecommunications Corp. (NTC), Sudan (2017-10-17):
rpatil@47724 1145 # ... the Republic of Sudan is going to change the time zone from (GMT+3:00)
rpatil@47724 1146 # to (GMT+ 2:00) starting from Wednesday 1 November 2017.
sherman@15658 1147 #
rpatil@47724 1148 # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18):
rpatil@47724 1149 # A scanned copy (in Arabic) of Cabinet Resolution No. 352 for the
rpatil@47724 1150 # year 2017 can be found as an attachment in email today from Yahia
rpatil@47724 1151 # Abdalla of NTC, archived at:
rpatil@47724 1152 # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2017-October/025333.html
rpatil@47724 1153
sherman@15658 1154 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 1155 Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1156 Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1157 Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1158 Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1159 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 1160 Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
sherman@15658 1161 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
rpatil@47724 1162 3:00 - EAT 2017 Nov 1
rpatil@47724 1163 2:00 - CAT
sherman@15658 1164
sherman@15658 1165 # South Sudan
rpatil@47724 1166 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
rpatil@47724 1167 Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:28 - LMT 1931
rpatil@47724 1168 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
rpatil@47724 1169 3:00 - EAT
sherman@15658 1170
sherman@15658 1171 # Swaziland
aefimov@27727 1172 # See Africa/Johannesburg.
sherman@15658 1173
sherman@15658 1174 # Tanzania
aefimov@27727 1175 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 1176
sherman@15658 1177 # Togo
aefimov@26452 1178 # See Africa/Abidjan.
sherman@15658 1179
sherman@15658 1180 # Tunisia
sherman@15658 1181
sherman@15658 1182 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
aefimov@26452 1183 # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
sherman@15658 1184 # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
sherman@15658 1185 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
sherman@15658 1186 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
sherman@15658 1187 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
sherman@15658 1188 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
sherman@15658 1189 # Saturday." (My translation)
sherman@15658 1190 #
sherman@15658 1191 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
aefimov@26452 1192 # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
aefimov@26452 1193 # http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
sherman@15658 1194 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
sherman@15658 1195 # 1h standard time.
sherman@15658 1196 #
sherman@15658 1197 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
sherman@15658 1198 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
sherman@15658 1199 # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
sherman@15658 1200 # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
sherman@15658 1201 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
sherman@15658 1202
sherman@15658 1203 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
sherman@15658 1204 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
sherman@15658 1205 # (Arabic)
sherman@15658 1206 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
rpatil@47724 1207 # https://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
sherman@15658 1208 #
sherman@15658 1209 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
sherman@15658 1210 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
rpatil@47724 1211 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
sherman@15658 1212
sherman@15658 1213 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
sherman@15658 1214 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
sherman@15658 1215 #
sherman@15658 1216 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
sherman@15658 1217 #
sherman@15658 1218 # (in English)
sherman@15658 1219 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
sherman@15658 1220 #
sherman@15658 1221 # (in Arabic)
sherman@15658 1222 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
sherman@15658 1223
aefimov@26452 1224 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
aefimov@26452 1225 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
aefimov@26452 1226 # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
aefimov@26452 1227 # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
aefimov@26452 1228 # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
aefimov@26452 1229 # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
sherman@15658 1230
sherman@15658 1231 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
sherman@15658 1232 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
sherman@15658 1233 #
sherman@15658 1234 # (translation):
sherman@15658 1235 # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
sherman@15658 1236 # Sunday...
sherman@15658 1237 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
sherman@15658 1238 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
sherman@15658 1239 #
sherman@15658 1240 # (in Arabic)
sherman@15658 1241 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
sherman@15658 1242 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
sherman@15658 1243 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
sherman@15658 1244
sherman@15658 1245 # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
sherman@15658 1246 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1247 Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1248 Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1249 Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1250 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1251 Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1252 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1253 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1254 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1255 Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1256 Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1257 Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1258 Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
sherman@15658 1259 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1260 Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1261 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1262 Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1263 Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1264 Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1265 Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1266 Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1267 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1268 Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1269 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
sherman@15658 1270 Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
sherman@15658 1271
sherman@15658 1272 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
sherman@15658 1273 # more precise 0:09:21.
sherman@15658 1274 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
sherman@15658 1275 # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
sherman@15658 1276 Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
aefimov@26452 1277 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
sherman@15658 1278 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
sherman@15658 1279
sherman@15658 1280 # Uganda
aefimov@27727 1281 # See Africa/Nairobi.
sherman@15658 1282
sherman@15658 1283 # Zambia
sherman@15658 1284 # Zimbabwe
aefimov@27727 1285 # See Africa/Maputo.