view src/os_cpu/windows_x86/vm/os_windows_x86.cpp @ 0:a61af66fc99e

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author duke
date Sat, 01 Dec 2007 00:00:00 +0000
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/*
 * Copyright 1999-2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara,
 * CA 95054 USA or visit www.sun.com if you need additional information or
 * have any questions.
 *
 */

// do not include  precompiled  header file
# include "incls/_os_windows_x86.cpp.incl"
# include "unwind_windows_x86.hpp"
#undef REG_SP
#undef REG_FP
#undef REG_PC
#ifdef AMD64
#define REG_SP Rsp
#define REG_FP Rbp
#define REG_PC Rip
#else
#define REG_SP Esp
#define REG_FP Ebp
#define REG_PC Eip
#endif // AMD64

extern LONG WINAPI topLevelExceptionFilter(_EXCEPTION_POINTERS* );

// Install a win32 structured exception handler around thread.
void os::os_exception_wrapper(java_call_t f, JavaValue* value, methodHandle* method, JavaCallArguments* args, Thread* thread) {
  __try {

#ifndef AMD64
    // We store the current thread in this wrapperthread location
    // and determine how far away this address is from the structured
    // execption pointer that FS:[0] points to.  This get_thread
    // code can then get the thread pointer via FS.
    //
    // Warning:  This routine must NEVER be inlined since we'd end up with
    //           multiple offsets.
    //
    volatile Thread* wrapperthread = thread;

    if ( ThreadLocalStorage::get_thread_ptr_offset() == 0 ) {
      int thread_ptr_offset;
      __asm {
        lea eax, dword ptr wrapperthread;
        sub eax, dword ptr FS:[0H];
        mov thread_ptr_offset, eax
      };
      ThreadLocalStorage::set_thread_ptr_offset(thread_ptr_offset);
    }
#ifdef ASSERT
    // Verify that the offset hasn't changed since we initally captured
    // it. This might happen if we accidentally ended up with an
    // inlined version of this routine.
    else {
      int test_thread_ptr_offset;
      __asm {
        lea eax, dword ptr wrapperthread;
        sub eax, dword ptr FS:[0H];
        mov test_thread_ptr_offset, eax
      };
      assert(test_thread_ptr_offset == ThreadLocalStorage::get_thread_ptr_offset(),
             "thread pointer offset from SEH changed");
    }
#endif // ASSERT
#endif // !AMD64

    f(value, method, args, thread);
  } __except(topLevelExceptionFilter((_EXCEPTION_POINTERS*)_exception_info())) {
      // Nothing to do.
  }
}

#ifdef AMD64

// This is the language specific handler for exceptions
// originating from dynamically generated code.
// We call the standard structured exception handler
// We only expect Continued Execution since we cannot unwind
// from generated code.
LONG HandleExceptionFromCodeCache(
  IN PEXCEPTION_RECORD ExceptionRecord,
  IN ULONG64 EstablisherFrame,
  IN OUT PCONTEXT ContextRecord,
  IN OUT PDISPATCHER_CONTEXT DispatcherContext) {
  EXCEPTION_POINTERS ep;
  LONG result;

  ep.ExceptionRecord = ExceptionRecord;
  ep.ContextRecord = ContextRecord;

  result = topLevelExceptionFilter(&ep);

  // We better only get a CONTINUE_EXECUTION from our handler
  // since we don't have unwind information registered.

  guarantee( result == EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_EXECUTION,
             "Unexpected result from topLevelExceptionFilter");

  return(ExceptionContinueExecution);
}


// Structure containing the Windows Data Structures required
// to register our Code Cache exception handler.
// We put these in the CodeCache since the API requires
// all addresses in these structures are relative to the Code
// area registered with RtlAddFunctionTable.
typedef struct {
  char ExceptionHandlerInstr[16];  // jmp HandleExceptionFromCodeCache
  RUNTIME_FUNCTION rt;
  UNWIND_INFO_EH_ONLY unw;
} DynamicCodeData, *pDynamicCodeData;

#endif // AMD64
//
// Register our CodeCache area with the OS so it will dispatch exceptions
// to our topLevelExceptionFilter when we take an exception in our
// dynamically generated code.
//
// Arguments:  low and high are the address of the full reserved
// codeCache area
//
bool os::register_code_area(char *low, char *high) {
#ifdef AMD64

  ResourceMark rm;

  pDynamicCodeData pDCD;
  PRUNTIME_FUNCTION prt;
  PUNWIND_INFO_EH_ONLY punwind;

  // If we are using Vectored Exceptions we don't need this registration
  if (UseVectoredExceptions) return true;

  BufferBlob* b = BufferBlob::create("CodeCache Exception Handler", sizeof (DynamicCodeData));
  CodeBuffer cb(b->instructions_begin(), b->instructions_size());
  MacroAssembler* masm = new MacroAssembler(&cb);
  pDCD = (pDynamicCodeData) masm->pc();

  masm->jump(ExternalAddress((address)&HandleExceptionFromCodeCache));
  masm->flush();

  // Create an Unwind Structure specifying no unwind info
  // other than an Exception Handler
  punwind = &pDCD->unw;
  punwind->Version = 1;
  punwind->Flags = UNW_FLAG_EHANDLER;
  punwind->SizeOfProlog = 0;
  punwind->CountOfCodes = 0;
  punwind->FrameRegister = 0;
  punwind->FrameOffset = 0;
  punwind->ExceptionHandler = (char *)(&(pDCD->ExceptionHandlerInstr[0])) -
                              (char*)low;
  punwind->ExceptionData[0] = 0;

  // This structure describes the covered dynamic code area.
  // Addresses are relative to the beginning on the code cache area
  prt = &pDCD->rt;
  prt->BeginAddress = 0;
  prt->EndAddress = (ULONG)(high - low);
  prt->UnwindData = ((char *)punwind - low);

  guarantee(RtlAddFunctionTable(prt, 1, (ULONGLONG)low),
            "Failed to register Dynamic Code Exception Handler with RtlAddFunctionTable");

#endif // AMD64
  return true;
}

void os::initialize_thread() {
// Nothing to do.
}

// Atomics and Stub Functions

typedef jint      xchg_func_t            (jint,     volatile jint*);
typedef intptr_t  xchg_ptr_func_t        (intptr_t, volatile intptr_t*);
typedef jint      cmpxchg_func_t         (jint,     volatile jint*,  jint);
typedef jlong     cmpxchg_long_func_t    (jlong,    volatile jlong*, jlong);
typedef jint      add_func_t             (jint,     volatile jint*);
typedef intptr_t  add_ptr_func_t         (intptr_t, volatile intptr_t*);
typedef void      fence_func_t           ();

#ifdef AMD64

jint os::atomic_xchg_bootstrap(jint exchange_value, volatile jint* dest) {
  // try to use the stub:
  xchg_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(xchg_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_xchg_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_xchg_func = func;
    return (*func)(exchange_value, dest);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  jint old_value = *dest;
  *dest = exchange_value;
  return old_value;
}

intptr_t os::atomic_xchg_ptr_bootstrap(intptr_t exchange_value, volatile intptr_t* dest) {
  // try to use the stub:
  xchg_ptr_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(xchg_ptr_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_xchg_ptr_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_xchg_ptr_func = func;
    return (*func)(exchange_value, dest);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  intptr_t old_value = *dest;
  *dest = exchange_value;
  return old_value;
}


jint os::atomic_cmpxchg_bootstrap(jint exchange_value, volatile jint* dest, jint compare_value) {
  // try to use the stub:
  cmpxchg_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(cmpxchg_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_cmpxchg_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_cmpxchg_func = func;
    return (*func)(exchange_value, dest, compare_value);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  jint old_value = *dest;
  if (old_value == compare_value)
    *dest = exchange_value;
  return old_value;
}
#endif // AMD64

jlong os::atomic_cmpxchg_long_bootstrap(jlong exchange_value, volatile jlong* dest, jlong compare_value) {
  // try to use the stub:
  cmpxchg_long_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(cmpxchg_long_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_cmpxchg_long_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_cmpxchg_long_func = func;
    return (*func)(exchange_value, dest, compare_value);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  jlong old_value = *dest;
  if (old_value == compare_value)
    *dest = exchange_value;
  return old_value;
}

#ifdef AMD64

jint os::atomic_add_bootstrap(jint add_value, volatile jint* dest) {
  // try to use the stub:
  add_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(add_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_add_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_add_func = func;
    return (*func)(add_value, dest);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  return (*dest) += add_value;
}

intptr_t os::atomic_add_ptr_bootstrap(intptr_t add_value, volatile intptr_t* dest) {
  // try to use the stub:
  add_ptr_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(add_ptr_func_t*, StubRoutines::atomic_add_ptr_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::atomic_add_ptr_func = func;
    return (*func)(add_value, dest);
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  return (*dest) += add_value;
}

void os::fence_bootstrap() {
  // try to use the stub:
  fence_func_t* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(fence_func_t*, StubRoutines::fence_entry());

  if (func != NULL) {
    os::fence_func = func;
    (*func)();
    return;
  }
  assert(Threads::number_of_threads() == 0, "for bootstrap only");

  // don't have to do anything for a single thread
}


xchg_func_t*         os::atomic_xchg_func         = os::atomic_xchg_bootstrap;
xchg_ptr_func_t*     os::atomic_xchg_ptr_func     = os::atomic_xchg_ptr_bootstrap;
cmpxchg_func_t*      os::atomic_cmpxchg_func      = os::atomic_cmpxchg_bootstrap;
add_func_t*          os::atomic_add_func          = os::atomic_add_bootstrap;
add_ptr_func_t*      os::atomic_add_ptr_func      = os::atomic_add_ptr_bootstrap;
fence_func_t*        os::fence_func               = os::fence_bootstrap;

#endif // AMD64

cmpxchg_long_func_t* os::atomic_cmpxchg_long_func = os::atomic_cmpxchg_long_bootstrap;

ExtendedPC os::fetch_frame_from_context(void* ucVoid,
                    intptr_t** ret_sp, intptr_t** ret_fp) {

  ExtendedPC  epc;
  CONTEXT* uc = (CONTEXT*)ucVoid;

  if (uc != NULL) {
    epc = ExtendedPC((address)uc->REG_PC);
    if (ret_sp) *ret_sp = (intptr_t*)uc->REG_SP;
    if (ret_fp) *ret_fp = (intptr_t*)uc->REG_FP;
  } else {
    // construct empty ExtendedPC for return value checking
    epc = ExtendedPC(NULL);
    if (ret_sp) *ret_sp = (intptr_t *)NULL;
    if (ret_fp) *ret_fp = (intptr_t *)NULL;
  }

  return epc;
}

frame os::fetch_frame_from_context(void* ucVoid) {
  intptr_t* sp;
  intptr_t* fp;
  ExtendedPC epc = fetch_frame_from_context(ucVoid, &sp, &fp);
  return frame(sp, fp, epc.pc());
}

// VC++ does not save frame pointer on stack in optimized build. It
// can be turned off by /Oy-. If we really want to walk C frames,
// we can use the StackWalk() API.
frame os::get_sender_for_C_frame(frame* fr) {
  return frame(fr->sender_sp(), fr->link(), fr->sender_pc());
}


#ifndef AMD64
intptr_t* _get_previous_fp() {
  intptr_t **frameptr;
  __asm {
    mov frameptr, ebp
  };
  return *frameptr;
}
#endif // !AMD64

frame os::current_frame() {

#ifdef AMD64
  // apparently _asm not supported on windows amd64
  typedef intptr_t*      get_fp_func           ();
  get_fp_func* func = CAST_TO_FN_PTR(get_fp_func*,
                                     StubRoutines::amd64::get_previous_fp_entry());
  if (func == NULL) return frame(NULL, NULL, NULL);
  intptr_t* fp = (*func)();
#else
  intptr_t* fp = _get_previous_fp();
#endif // AMD64

  frame myframe((intptr_t*)os::current_stack_pointer(),
                (intptr_t*)fp,
                CAST_FROM_FN_PTR(address, os::current_frame));
  if (os::is_first_C_frame(&myframe)) {
    // stack is not walkable
    return frame(NULL, NULL, NULL);
  } else {
    return os::get_sender_for_C_frame(&myframe);
  }
}

void os::print_context(outputStream *st, void *context) {
  if (context == NULL) return;

  CONTEXT* uc = (CONTEXT*)context;

  st->print_cr("Registers:");
#ifdef AMD64
  st->print(  "EAX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rax);
  st->print(", EBX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rbx);
  st->print(", ECX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rcx);
  st->print(", EDX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rdx);
  st->cr();
  st->print(  "ESP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rsp);
  st->print(", EBP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rbp);
  st->print(", ESI=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rsi);
  st->print(", EDI=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rdi);
  st->cr();
  st->print(  "EIP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Rip);
  st->print(", EFLAGS=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->EFlags);
#else
  st->print(  "EAX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Eax);
  st->print(", EBX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Ebx);
  st->print(", ECX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Ecx);
  st->print(", EDX=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Edx);
  st->cr();
  st->print(  "ESP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Esp);
  st->print(", EBP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Ebp);
  st->print(", ESI=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Esi);
  st->print(", EDI=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Edi);
  st->cr();
  st->print(  "EIP=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->Eip);
  st->print(", EFLAGS=" INTPTR_FORMAT, uc->EFlags);
#endif // AMD64
  st->cr();
  st->cr();

  intptr_t *sp = (intptr_t *)uc->REG_SP;
  st->print_cr("Top of Stack: (sp=" PTR_FORMAT ")", sp);
  print_hex_dump(st, (address)sp, (address)(sp + 32), sizeof(intptr_t));
  st->cr();

  // Note: it may be unsafe to inspect memory near pc. For example, pc may
  // point to garbage if entry point in an nmethod is corrupted. Leave
  // this at the end, and hope for the best.
  address pc = (address)uc->REG_PC;
  st->print_cr("Instructions: (pc=" PTR_FORMAT ")", pc);
  print_hex_dump(st, pc - 16, pc + 16, sizeof(char));
  st->cr();
}

extern "C" int SafeFetch32 (int * adr, int Err) {
   int rv = Err ;
   _try {
       rv = *((volatile int *) adr) ;
   } __except(EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER) {
   }
   return rv ;
}

extern "C" intptr_t SafeFetchN (intptr_t * adr, intptr_t Err) {
   intptr_t rv = Err ;
   _try {
       rv = *((volatile intptr_t *) adr) ;
   } __except(EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER) {
   }
   return rv ;
}

extern "C" int SpinPause () {
#ifdef AMD64
   return 0 ;
#else
   // pause == rep:nop
   // On systems that don't support pause a rep:nop
   // is executed as a nop.  The rep: prefix is ignored.
   _asm {
      pause ;
   };
   return 1 ;
#endif // AMD64
}


void os::setup_fpu() {
#ifndef AMD64
  int fpu_cntrl_word = StubRoutines::fpu_cntrl_wrd_std();
  __asm fldcw fpu_cntrl_word;
#endif // !AMD64
}