view src/java.desktop/share/native/libfontmanager/harfbuzz/hb-ft.cc @ 13239:8c09472c3de2

8143177: Integrate harfbuzz opentype layout engine per JEP 258 Reviewed-by: srl, vadim, serb
author prr
date Mon, 23 Nov 2015 09:58:44 -0800
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/*
 * Copyright © 2009  Red Hat, Inc.
 * Copyright © 2009  Keith Stribley
 * Copyright © 2015  Google, Inc.
 *
 *  This is part of HarfBuzz, a text shaping library.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, without written agreement and without
 * license or royalty fees, to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software and its documentation for any purpose, provided that the
 * above copyright notice and the following two paragraphs appear in
 * all copies of this software.
 *
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR
 * DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN
 * IF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
 * DAMAGE.
 *
 * THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  THE SOFTWARE PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS
 * ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER HAS NO OBLIGATION TO
 * PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
 *
 * Red Hat Author(s): Behdad Esfahbod
 * Google Author(s): Behdad Esfahbod
 */

#include "hb-private.hh"

#include "hb-ft.h"

#include "hb-font-private.hh"

#include FT_ADVANCES_H
#include FT_TRUETYPE_TABLES_H



#ifndef HB_DEBUG_FT
#define HB_DEBUG_FT (HB_DEBUG+0)
#endif


/* TODO:
 *
 * In general, this file does a fine job of what it's supposed to do.
 * There are, however, things that need more work:
 *
 *   - I remember seeing FT_Get_Advance() without the NO_HINTING flag to be buggy.
 *     Have not investigated.
 *
 *   - FreeType works in 26.6 mode.  Clients can decide to use that mode, and everything
 *     would work fine.  However, we also abuse this API for performing in font-space,
 *     but don't pass the correct flags to FreeType.  We just abuse the no-hinting mode
 *     for that, such that no rounding etc happens.  As such, we don't set ppem, and
 *     pass NO_HINTING as load_flags.  Would be much better to use NO_SCALE, and scale
 *     ourselves, like we do in uniscribe, etc.
 *
 *   - We don't handle / allow for emboldening / obliqueing.
 *
 *   - In the future, we should add constructors to create fonts in font space?
 *
 *   - FT_Load_Glyph() is exteremely costly.  Do something about it?
 */


struct hb_ft_font_t
{
  FT_Face ft_face;
  int load_flags;
  bool unref; /* Whether to destroy ft_face when done. */
};

static hb_ft_font_t *
_hb_ft_font_create (FT_Face ft_face, bool unref)
{
  hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (hb_ft_font_t *) calloc (1, sizeof (hb_ft_font_t));

  if (unlikely (!ft_font))
    return NULL;

  ft_font->ft_face = ft_face;
  ft_font->unref = unref;

  ft_font->load_flags = FT_LOAD_DEFAULT | FT_LOAD_NO_HINTING;

  return ft_font;
}

static void
_hb_ft_font_destroy (hb_ft_font_t *ft_font)
{
  if (ft_font->unref)
    FT_Done_Face (ft_font->ft_face);

  free (ft_font);
}

/**
 * hb_ft_font_set_load_flags:
 * @font:
 * @load_flags:
 *
 *
 *
 * Since: 1.0.5
 **/
void
hb_ft_font_set_load_flags (hb_font_t *font, int load_flags)
{
  if (font->immutable)
    return;

  if (font->destroy != (hb_destroy_func_t) _hb_ft_font_destroy)
    return;

  hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (hb_ft_font_t *) font->user_data;

  ft_font->load_flags = load_flags;
}

/**
 * hb_ft_font_get_load_flags:
 * @font:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value:
 * Since: 1.0.5
 **/
int
hb_ft_font_get_load_flags (hb_font_t *font)
{
  if (font->destroy != (hb_destroy_func_t) _hb_ft_font_destroy)
    return 0;

  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font->user_data;

  return ft_font->load_flags;
}

FT_Face
hb_ft_font_get_face (hb_font_t *font)
{
  if (font->destroy != (hb_destroy_func_t) _hb_ft_font_destroy)
    return NULL;

  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font->user_data;

  return ft_font->ft_face;
}



static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                 void *font_data,
                 hb_codepoint_t unicode,
                 hb_codepoint_t variation_selector,
                 hb_codepoint_t *glyph,
                 void *user_data HB_UNUSED)

{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  unsigned int g;

  if (likely (!variation_selector))
    g = FT_Get_Char_Index (ft_font->ft_face, unicode);
  else
    g = FT_Face_GetCharVariantIndex (ft_font->ft_face, unicode, variation_selector);

  if (unlikely (!g))
    return false;

  *glyph = g;
  return true;
}

static hb_position_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_h_advance (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                           void *font_data,
                           hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                           void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Fixed v;

  if (unlikely (FT_Get_Advance (ft_font->ft_face, glyph, ft_font->load_flags, &v)))
    return 0;

  if (font->x_scale < 0)
    v = -v;

  return (v + (1<<9)) >> 10;
}

static hb_position_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_v_advance (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                           void *font_data,
                           hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                           void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Fixed v;

  if (unlikely (FT_Get_Advance (ft_font->ft_face, glyph, ft_font->load_flags | FT_LOAD_VERTICAL_LAYOUT, &v)))
    return 0;

  if (font->y_scale < 0)
    v = -v;

  /* Note: FreeType's vertical metrics grows downward while other FreeType coordinates
   * have a Y growing upward.  Hence the extra negation. */
  return (-v + (1<<9)) >> 10;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_h_origin (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                          void *font_data HB_UNUSED,
                          hb_codepoint_t glyph HB_UNUSED,
                          hb_position_t *x HB_UNUSED,
                          hb_position_t *y HB_UNUSED,
                          void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  /* We always work in the horizontal coordinates. */
  return true;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_v_origin (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                          void *font_data,
                          hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                          hb_position_t *x,
                          hb_position_t *y,
                          void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Face ft_face = ft_font->ft_face;

  if (unlikely (FT_Load_Glyph (ft_face, glyph, ft_font->load_flags)))
    return false;

  /* Note: FreeType's vertical metrics grows downward while other FreeType coordinates
   * have a Y growing upward.  Hence the extra negation. */
  *x = ft_face->glyph->metrics.horiBearingX -   ft_face->glyph->metrics.vertBearingX;
  *y = ft_face->glyph->metrics.horiBearingY - (-ft_face->glyph->metrics.vertBearingY);

  if (font->x_scale < 0)
    *x = -*x;
  if (font->y_scale < 0)
    *y = -*y;

  return true;
}

static hb_position_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_h_kerning (hb_font_t *font,
                           void *font_data,
                           hb_codepoint_t left_glyph,
                           hb_codepoint_t right_glyph,
                           void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Vector kerningv;

  FT_Kerning_Mode mode = font->x_ppem ? FT_KERNING_DEFAULT : FT_KERNING_UNFITTED;
  if (FT_Get_Kerning (ft_font->ft_face, left_glyph, right_glyph, mode, &kerningv))
    return 0;

  return kerningv.x;
}

static hb_position_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_v_kerning (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                           void *font_data HB_UNUSED,
                           hb_codepoint_t top_glyph HB_UNUSED,
                           hb_codepoint_t bottom_glyph HB_UNUSED,
                           void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  /* FreeType API doesn't support vertical kerning */
  return 0;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_extents (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                         void *font_data,
                         hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                         hb_glyph_extents_t *extents,
                         void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Face ft_face = ft_font->ft_face;

  if (unlikely (FT_Load_Glyph (ft_face, glyph, ft_font->load_flags)))
    return false;

  extents->x_bearing = ft_face->glyph->metrics.horiBearingX;
  extents->y_bearing = ft_face->glyph->metrics.horiBearingY;
  extents->width = ft_face->glyph->metrics.width;
  extents->height = -ft_face->glyph->metrics.height;
  return true;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_contour_point (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                               void *font_data,
                               hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                               unsigned int point_index,
                               hb_position_t *x,
                               hb_position_t *y,
                               void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Face ft_face = ft_font->ft_face;

  if (unlikely (FT_Load_Glyph (ft_face, glyph, ft_font->load_flags)))
      return false;

  if (unlikely (ft_face->glyph->format != FT_GLYPH_FORMAT_OUTLINE))
      return false;

  if (unlikely (point_index >= (unsigned int) ft_face->glyph->outline.n_points))
      return false;

  *x = ft_face->glyph->outline.points[point_index].x;
  *y = ft_face->glyph->outline.points[point_index].y;

  return true;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_name (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                      void *font_data,
                      hb_codepoint_t glyph,
                      char *name, unsigned int size,
                      void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;

  hb_bool_t ret = !FT_Get_Glyph_Name (ft_font->ft_face, glyph, name, size);
  if (ret && (size && !*name))
    ret = false;

  return ret;
}

static hb_bool_t
hb_ft_get_glyph_from_name (hb_font_t *font HB_UNUSED,
                           void *font_data,
                           const char *name, int len, /* -1 means nul-terminated */
                           hb_codepoint_t *glyph,
                           void *user_data HB_UNUSED)
{
  const hb_ft_font_t *ft_font = (const hb_ft_font_t *) font_data;
  FT_Face ft_face = ft_font->ft_face;

  if (len < 0)
    *glyph = FT_Get_Name_Index (ft_face, (FT_String *) name);
  else {
    /* Make a nul-terminated version. */
    char buf[128];
    len = MIN (len, (int) sizeof (buf) - 1);
    strncpy (buf, name, len);
    buf[len] = '\0';
    *glyph = FT_Get_Name_Index (ft_face, buf);
  }

  if (*glyph == 0)
  {
    /* Check whether the given name was actually the name of glyph 0. */
    char buf[128];
    if (!FT_Get_Glyph_Name(ft_face, 0, buf, sizeof (buf)) &&
        len < 0 ? !strcmp (buf, name) : !strncmp (buf, name, len))
      return true;
  }

  return *glyph != 0;
}


static void
_hb_ft_font_set_funcs (hb_font_t *font, FT_Face ft_face, bool unref)
{
  static const hb_font_funcs_t ft_ffuncs = {
    HB_OBJECT_HEADER_STATIC,

    true, /* immutable */

    {
#define HB_FONT_FUNC_IMPLEMENT(name) hb_ft_get_##name,
      HB_FONT_FUNCS_IMPLEMENT_CALLBACKS
#undef HB_FONT_FUNC_IMPLEMENT
    }
  };

  hb_font_set_funcs (font,
                     const_cast<hb_font_funcs_t *> (&ft_ffuncs),
                     _hb_ft_font_create (ft_face, unref),
                     (hb_destroy_func_t) _hb_ft_font_destroy);
}


static hb_blob_t *
reference_table  (hb_face_t *face HB_UNUSED, hb_tag_t tag, void *user_data)
{
  FT_Face ft_face = (FT_Face) user_data;
  FT_Byte *buffer;
  FT_ULong  length = 0;
  FT_Error error;

  /* Note: FreeType like HarfBuzz uses the NONE tag for fetching the entire blob */

  error = FT_Load_Sfnt_Table (ft_face, tag, 0, NULL, &length);
  if (error)
    return NULL;

  buffer = (FT_Byte *) malloc (length);
  if (buffer == NULL)
    return NULL;

  error = FT_Load_Sfnt_Table (ft_face, tag, 0, buffer, &length);
  if (error)
    return NULL;

  return hb_blob_create ((const char *) buffer, length,
                         HB_MEMORY_MODE_WRITABLE,
                         buffer, free);
}

/**
 * hb_ft_face_create:
 * @ft_face: (destroy destroy) (scope notified):
 * @destroy:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value: (transfer full):
 * Since: 0.9.2
 **/
hb_face_t *
hb_ft_face_create (FT_Face           ft_face,
                   hb_destroy_func_t destroy)
{
  hb_face_t *face;

  if (ft_face->stream->read == NULL) {
    hb_blob_t *blob;

    blob = hb_blob_create ((const char *) ft_face->stream->base,
                           (unsigned int) ft_face->stream->size,
                           HB_MEMORY_MODE_READONLY,
                           ft_face, destroy);
    face = hb_face_create (blob, ft_face->face_index);
    hb_blob_destroy (blob);
  } else {
    face = hb_face_create_for_tables (reference_table, ft_face, destroy);
  }

  hb_face_set_index (face, ft_face->face_index);
  hb_face_set_upem (face, ft_face->units_per_EM);

  return face;
}

/**
 * hb_ft_face_create_referenced:
 * @ft_face:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value: (transfer full):
 * Since: 0.9.38
 **/
hb_face_t *
hb_ft_face_create_referenced (FT_Face ft_face)
{
  FT_Reference_Face (ft_face);
  return hb_ft_face_create (ft_face, (hb_destroy_func_t) FT_Done_Face);
}

static void
hb_ft_face_finalize (FT_Face ft_face)
{
  hb_face_destroy ((hb_face_t *) ft_face->generic.data);
}

/**
 * hb_ft_face_create_cached:
 * @ft_face:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value: (transfer full):
 * Since: 0.9.2
 **/
hb_face_t *
hb_ft_face_create_cached (FT_Face ft_face)
{
  if (unlikely (!ft_face->generic.data || ft_face->generic.finalizer != (FT_Generic_Finalizer) hb_ft_face_finalize))
  {
    if (ft_face->generic.finalizer)
      ft_face->generic.finalizer (ft_face);

    ft_face->generic.data = hb_ft_face_create (ft_face, NULL);
    ft_face->generic.finalizer = (FT_Generic_Finalizer) hb_ft_face_finalize;
  }

  return hb_face_reference ((hb_face_t *) ft_face->generic.data);
}


/**
 * hb_ft_font_create:
 * @ft_face: (destroy destroy) (scope notified):
 * @destroy:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value: (transfer full):
 * Since: 0.9.2
 **/
hb_font_t *
hb_ft_font_create (FT_Face           ft_face,
                   hb_destroy_func_t destroy)
{
  hb_font_t *font;
  hb_face_t *face;

  face = hb_ft_face_create (ft_face, destroy);
  font = hb_font_create (face);
  hb_face_destroy (face);
  _hb_ft_font_set_funcs (font, ft_face, false);
  hb_font_set_scale (font,
                     (int) (((uint64_t) ft_face->size->metrics.x_scale * (uint64_t) ft_face->units_per_EM + (1<<15)) >> 16),
                     (int) (((uint64_t) ft_face->size->metrics.y_scale * (uint64_t) ft_face->units_per_EM + (1<<15)) >> 16));
#if 0 /* hb-ft works in no-hinting model */
  hb_font_set_ppem (font,
                    ft_face->size->metrics.x_ppem,
                    ft_face->size->metrics.y_ppem);
#endif

  return font;
}

/**
 * hb_ft_font_create_referenced:
 * @ft_face:
 *
 *
 *
 * Return value: (transfer full):
 * Since: 0.9.38
 **/
hb_font_t *
hb_ft_font_create_referenced (FT_Face ft_face)
{
  FT_Reference_Face (ft_face);
  return hb_ft_font_create (ft_face, (hb_destroy_func_t) FT_Done_Face);
}


/* Thread-safe, lock-free, FT_Library */

static FT_Library ft_library;

#ifdef HB_USE_ATEXIT
static
void free_ft_library (void)
{
  FT_Done_FreeType (ft_library);
}
#endif

static FT_Library
get_ft_library (void)
{
retry:
  FT_Library library = (FT_Library) hb_atomic_ptr_get (&ft_library);

  if (unlikely (!library))
  {
    /* Not found; allocate one. */
    if (FT_Init_FreeType (&library))
      return NULL;

    if (!hb_atomic_ptr_cmpexch (&ft_library, NULL, library)) {
      FT_Done_FreeType (library);
      goto retry;
    }

#ifdef HB_USE_ATEXIT
    atexit (free_ft_library); /* First person registers atexit() callback. */
#endif
  }

  return library;
}

static void
_release_blob (FT_Face ft_face)
{
  hb_blob_destroy ((hb_blob_t *) ft_face->generic.data);
}

void
hb_ft_font_set_funcs (hb_font_t *font)
{
  hb_blob_t *blob = hb_face_reference_blob (font->face);
  unsigned int blob_length;
  const char *blob_data = hb_blob_get_data (blob, &blob_length);
  if (unlikely (!blob_length))
    DEBUG_MSG (FT, font, "Font face has empty blob");

  FT_Face ft_face = NULL;
  FT_Error err = FT_New_Memory_Face (get_ft_library (),
                                     (const FT_Byte *) blob_data,
                                     blob_length,
                                     hb_face_get_index (font->face),
                                     &ft_face);

  if (unlikely (err)) {
    hb_blob_destroy (blob);
    DEBUG_MSG (FT, font, "Font face FT_New_Memory_Face() failed");
    return;
  }

  FT_Select_Charmap (ft_face, FT_ENCODING_UNICODE);

  FT_Set_Char_Size (ft_face,
                    abs (font->x_scale), abs (font->y_scale),
                    0, 0);
#if 0
                    font->x_ppem * 72 * 64 / font->x_scale,
                    font->y_ppem * 72 * 64 / font->y_scale);
#endif
  if (font->x_scale < 0 || font->y_scale < 0)
  {
    FT_Matrix matrix = { font->x_scale < 0 ? -1 : +1, 0,
                          0, font->y_scale < 0 ? -1 : +1};
    FT_Set_Transform (ft_face, &matrix, NULL);
  }

  ft_face->generic.data = blob;
  ft_face->generic.finalizer = (FT_Generic_Finalizer) _release_blob;

  _hb_ft_font_set_funcs (font, ft_face, true);
  hb_ft_font_set_load_flags (font, FT_LOAD_DEFAULT | FT_LOAD_NO_HINTING);
}