view src/hotspot/share/runtime/objectMonitor.hpp @ 57304:9ea6521df290

8190492: Remove SSLv2Hello and SSLv3 from default enabled TLS protocols Reviewed-by: mullan, wetmore, xuelei
author rhalade
date Mon, 09 Dec 2019 21:38:12 -0800
parents 165b193b30dd
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 * Copyright (c) 1998, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.


#include "memory/allocation.hpp"
#include "memory/padded.hpp"
#include "oops/markWord.hpp"
#include "runtime/os.hpp"
#include "runtime/park.hpp"
#include "runtime/perfData.hpp"

class ObjectMonitor;

// ObjectWaiter serves as a "proxy" or surrogate thread.
// TODO-FIXME: Eliminate ObjectWaiter and use the thread-specific
// ParkEvent instead.  Beware, however, that the JVMTI code
// knows about ObjectWaiters, so we'll have to reconcile that code.
// See next_waiter(), first_waiter(), etc.

class ObjectWaiter : public StackObj {
  ObjectWaiter* volatile _next;
  ObjectWaiter* volatile _prev;
  Thread*       _thread;
  jlong         _notifier_tid;
  ParkEvent *   _event;
  volatile int  _notified;
  volatile TStates TState;
  bool          _active;           // Contention monitoring is enabled
  ObjectWaiter(Thread* thread);

  void wait_reenter_begin(ObjectMonitor *mon);
  void wait_reenter_end(ObjectMonitor *mon);

// The ObjectMonitor class implements the heavyweight version of a
// JavaMonitor. The lightweight BasicLock/stack lock version has been
// inflated into an ObjectMonitor. This inflation is typically due to
// contention or use of Object.wait().
// WARNING: This is a very sensitive and fragile class. DO NOT make any
// changes unless you are fully aware of the underlying semantics.
// ObjectMonitor Layout Overview/Highlights/Restrictions:
// - The _header field must be at offset 0 because the displaced header
//   from markWord is stored there. We do not want markWord.hpp to include
//   ObjectMonitor.hpp to avoid exposing ObjectMonitor everywhere. This
//   means that ObjectMonitor cannot inherit from any other class nor can
//   it use any virtual member functions. This restriction is critical to
//   the proper functioning of the VM.
// - The _header and _owner fields should be separated by enough space
//   to avoid false sharing due to parallel access by different threads.
//   This is an advisory recommendation.
// - The general layout of the fields in ObjectMonitor is:
//     _header
//     <lightly_used_fields>
//     <optional padding>
//     _owner
//     <remaining_fields>
// - The VM assumes write ordering and machine word alignment with
//   respect to the _owner field and the <remaining_fields> that can
//   be read in parallel by other threads.
// - Generally fields that are accessed closely together in time should
//   be placed proximally in space to promote data cache locality. That
//   is, temporal locality should condition spatial locality.
// - We have to balance avoiding false sharing with excessive invalidation
//   from coherence traffic. As such, we try to cluster fields that tend
//   to be _written_ at approximately the same time onto the same data
//   cache line.
// - We also have to balance the natural tension between minimizing
//   single threaded capacity misses with excessive multi-threaded
//   coherency misses. There is no single optimal layout for both
//   single-threaded and multi-threaded environments.
// - See TEST_VM(ObjectMonitor, sanity) gtest for how critical restrictions are
//   enforced.
// - Adjacent ObjectMonitors should be separated by enough space to avoid
//   false sharing. This is handled by the ObjectMonitor allocation code
//   in synchronizer.cpp. Also see TEST_VM(SynchronizerTest, sanity) gtest.
// Futures notes:
//   - Separating _owner from the <remaining_fields> by enough space to
//     avoid false sharing might be profitable. Given
//     we know that the CAS in monitorenter will invalidate the line
//     underlying _owner. We want to avoid an L1 data cache miss on that
//     same line for monitorexit. Putting these <remaining_fields>:
//     _recursions, _EntryList, _cxq, and _succ, all of which may be
//     fetched in the inflated unlock path, on a different cache line
//     would make them immune to CAS-based invalidation from the _owner
//     field.
//   - The _recursions field should be of type int, or int32_t but not
//     intptr_t. There's no reason to use a 64-bit type for this field
//     in a 64-bit JVM.

class ObjectMonitor {
  friend class ObjectSynchronizer;
  friend class ObjectWaiter;
  friend class VMStructs;
  JVMCI_ONLY(friend class JVMCIVMStructs;)

  // The sync code expects the header field to be at offset zero (0).
  // Enforced by the assert() in header_addr().
  volatile markWord _header;        // displaced object header word - mark
  void* volatile _object;           // backward object pointer - strong root
  ObjectMonitor* _next_om;          // Next ObjectMonitor* linkage
  // Separate _header and _owner on different cache lines since both can
  // have busy multi-threaded access. _header and _object are set at
  // initial inflation and _object doesn't change until deflation so
  // _object is a good choice to share the cache line with _header.
  // _next_om shares _header's cache line for pre-monitor list historical
  // reasons. _next_om only changes if the next ObjectMonitor is deflated.
                        sizeof(volatile markWord) + sizeof(void* volatile) +
                        sizeof(ObjectMonitor *));
  void* volatile _owner;            // pointer to owning thread OR BasicLock
  volatile jlong _previous_owner_tid;  // thread id of the previous owner of the monitor
  volatile intx _recursions;        // recursion count, 0 for first entry
  ObjectWaiter* volatile _EntryList;  // Threads blocked on entry or reentry.
                                      // The list is actually composed of WaitNodes,
                                      // acting as proxies for Threads.

  ObjectWaiter* volatile _cxq;      // LL of recently-arrived threads blocked on entry.
  Thread* volatile _succ;           // Heir presumptive thread - used for futile wakeup throttling
  Thread* volatile _Responsible;

  volatile int _Spinner;            // for exit->spinner handoff optimization
  volatile int _SpinDuration;

  volatile jint  _contentions;      // Number of active contentions in enter(). It is used by is_busy()
                                    // along with other fields to determine if an ObjectMonitor can be
                                    // deflated. See ObjectSynchronizer::deflate_monitor().
  ObjectWaiter* volatile _WaitSet;  // LL of threads wait()ing on the monitor
  volatile jint  _waiters;          // number of waiting threads
  volatile int _WaitSetLock;        // protects Wait Queue - simple spinlock

  static void Initialize();

  // Only perform a PerfData operation if the PerfData object has been
  // allocated and if the PerfDataManager has not freed the PerfData
  // objects which can happen at normal VM shutdown.
  #define OM_PERFDATA_OP(f, op_str)              \
    do {                                         \
      if (ObjectMonitor::_sync_ ## f != NULL &&  \
          PerfDataManager::has_PerfData()) {     \
        ObjectMonitor::_sync_ ## f->op_str;      \
      }                                          \
    } while (0)

  static PerfCounter * _sync_ContendedLockAttempts;
  static PerfCounter * _sync_FutileWakeups;
  static PerfCounter * _sync_Parks;
  static PerfCounter * _sync_Notifications;
  static PerfCounter * _sync_Inflations;
  static PerfCounter * _sync_Deflations;
  static PerfLongVariable * _sync_MonExtant;

  static int Knob_SpinLimit;

  void* operator new (size_t size) throw();
  void* operator new[] (size_t size) throw();
  void operator delete(void* p);
  void operator delete[] (void* p);

  // TODO-FIXME: the "offset" routines should return a type of off_t instead of int ...
  // ByteSize would also be an appropriate type.
  static int header_offset_in_bytes()      { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _header); }
  static int object_offset_in_bytes()      { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _object); }
  static int owner_offset_in_bytes()       { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _owner); }
  static int recursions_offset_in_bytes()  { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _recursions); }
  static int cxq_offset_in_bytes()         { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _cxq); }
  static int succ_offset_in_bytes()        { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _succ); }
  static int EntryList_offset_in_bytes()   { return offset_of(ObjectMonitor, _EntryList); }

  // ObjectMonitor references can be ORed with markWord::monitor_value
  // as part of the ObjectMonitor tagging mechanism. When we combine an
  // ObjectMonitor reference with an offset, we need to remove the tag
  // value in order to generate the proper address.
  // We can either adjust the ObjectMonitor reference and then add the
  // offset or we can adjust the offset that is added to the ObjectMonitor
  // reference. The latter avoids an AGI (Address Generation Interlock)
  // stall so the helper macro adjusts the offset value that is returned
  // to the ObjectMonitor reference manipulation code:
    ((ObjectMonitor::f ## _offset_in_bytes()) - markWord::monitor_value)

  markWord           header() const;
  volatile markWord* header_addr();
  void               set_header(markWord hdr);

  intptr_t is_busy() const {
    // TODO-FIXME: assert _owner == null implies _recursions = 0
    return _contentions|_waiters|intptr_t(_owner)|intptr_t(_cxq)|intptr_t(_EntryList);
  const char* is_busy_to_string(stringStream* ss);

  intptr_t  is_entered(Thread* current) const;

  void*     owner() const;
  void      set_owner(void* owner);

  jint      waiters() const;

  jint      contentions() const;
  intx      recursions() const                                         { return _recursions; }

  // JVM/TI GetObjectMonitorUsage() needs this:
  ObjectWaiter* first_waiter()                                         { return _WaitSet; }
  ObjectWaiter* next_waiter(ObjectWaiter* o)                           { return o->_next; }
  Thread* thread_of_waiter(ObjectWaiter* o)                            { return o->_thread; }

  // We don't typically expect or want the ctors or dtors to run.
  // normal ObjectMonitors are type-stable and immortal.
  ObjectMonitor() { ::memset((void*)this, 0, sizeof(*this)); }

  ~ObjectMonitor() {
    // TODO: Add asserts ...
    // _cxq == 0 _succ == NULL _owner == NULL _waiters == 0
    // _contentions == 0 _EntryList  == NULL etc

  void Recycle() {
    // TODO: add stronger asserts ...
    // _cxq == 0 _succ == NULL _owner == NULL _waiters == 0
    // _contentions == 0 EntryList  == NULL
    // _recursions == 0 _WaitSet == NULL
    DEBUG_ONLY(stringStream ss;)
    assert((is_busy() | _recursions) == 0, "freeing in-use monitor: %s, "
           "recursions=" INTX_FORMAT, is_busy_to_string(&ss), _recursions);
    _succ          = NULL;
    _EntryList     = NULL;
    _cxq           = NULL;
    _WaitSet       = NULL;
    _recursions    = 0;


  void*     object() const;
  void*     object_addr();
  void      set_object(void* obj);

  // Returns true if the specified thread owns the ObjectMonitor. Otherwise
  // returns false and throws IllegalMonitorStateException (IMSE).
  bool      check_owner(Thread* THREAD);
  void      clear();

  void      enter(TRAPS);
  void      exit(bool not_suspended, TRAPS);
  void      wait(jlong millis, bool interruptable, TRAPS);
  void      notify(TRAPS);
  void      notifyAll(TRAPS);

  void      print() const;
#ifdef ASSERT
  void      print_debug_style_on(outputStream* st) const;
  void      print_on(outputStream* st) const;

// Use the following at your own risk
  intx      complete_exit(TRAPS);
  void      reenter(intx recursions, TRAPS);

  void      AddWaiter(ObjectWaiter* waiter);
  void      INotify(Thread* self);
  ObjectWaiter* DequeueWaiter();
  void      DequeueSpecificWaiter(ObjectWaiter* waiter);
  void      EnterI(TRAPS);
  void      ReenterI(Thread* self, ObjectWaiter* self_node);
  void      UnlinkAfterAcquire(Thread* self, ObjectWaiter* self_node);
  int       TryLock(Thread* self);
  int       NotRunnable(Thread* self, Thread * Owner);
  int       TrySpin(Thread* self);
  void      ExitEpilog(Thread* self, ObjectWaiter* Wakee);
  bool      ExitSuspendEquivalent(JavaThread* self);