view src/hotspot/share/opto/loopnode.cpp @ 48529:efa7f1a283e4

8196296: Lucene test crashes C2 compilation Summary: Prevent merging of back to back ifs if one is a counted loop end. Reviewed-by: kvn, thartmann
author roland
date Tue, 30 Jan 2018 09:08:44 +0100
parents e5da6c246176
children
line wrap: on
line source
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1998, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
 * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
 * questions.
 *
 */

#include "precompiled.hpp"
#include "ci/ciMethodData.hpp"
#include "compiler/compileLog.hpp"
#include "libadt/vectset.hpp"
#include "memory/allocation.inline.hpp"
#include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
#include "opto/addnode.hpp"
#include "opto/callnode.hpp"
#include "opto/connode.hpp"
#include "opto/convertnode.hpp"
#include "opto/divnode.hpp"
#include "opto/idealGraphPrinter.hpp"
#include "opto/loopnode.hpp"
#include "opto/mulnode.hpp"
#include "opto/rootnode.hpp"
#include "opto/superword.hpp"

//=============================================================================
//------------------------------is_loop_iv-------------------------------------
// Determine if a node is Counted loop induction variable.
// The method is declared in node.hpp.
const Node* Node::is_loop_iv() const {
  if (this->is_Phi() && !this->as_Phi()->is_copy() &&
      this->as_Phi()->region()->is_CountedLoop() &&
      this->as_Phi()->region()->as_CountedLoop()->phi() == this) {
    return this;
  } else {
    return NULL;
  }
}

//=============================================================================
//------------------------------dump_spec--------------------------------------
// Dump special per-node info
#ifndef PRODUCT
void LoopNode::dump_spec(outputStream *st) const {
  if (is_inner_loop()) st->print( "inner " );
  if (is_partial_peel_loop()) st->print( "partial_peel " );
  if (partial_peel_has_failed()) st->print( "partial_peel_failed " );
}
#endif

//------------------------------is_valid_counted_loop-------------------------
bool LoopNode::is_valid_counted_loop() const {
  if (is_CountedLoop()) {
    CountedLoopNode*    l  = as_CountedLoop();
    CountedLoopEndNode* le = l->loopexit_or_null();
    if (le != NULL &&
        le->proj_out_or_null(1 /* true */) == l->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl)) {
      Node* phi  = l->phi();
      Node* exit = le->proj_out_or_null(0 /* false */);
      if (exit != NULL && exit->Opcode() == Op_IfFalse &&
          phi != NULL && phi->is_Phi() &&
          phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl) == l->incr() &&
          le->loopnode() == l && le->stride_is_con()) {
        return true;
      }
    }
  }
  return false;
}

//------------------------------get_early_ctrl---------------------------------
// Compute earliest legal control
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::get_early_ctrl( Node *n ) {
  assert( !n->is_Phi() && !n->is_CFG(), "this code only handles data nodes" );
  uint i;
  Node *early;
  if (n->in(0) && !n->is_expensive()) {
    early = n->in(0);
    if (!early->is_CFG()) // Might be a non-CFG multi-def
      early = get_ctrl(early);        // So treat input as a straight data input
    i = 1;
  } else {
    early = get_ctrl(n->in(1));
    i = 2;
  }
  uint e_d = dom_depth(early);
  assert( early, "" );
  for (; i < n->req(); i++) {
    Node *cin = get_ctrl(n->in(i));
    assert( cin, "" );
    // Keep deepest dominator depth
    uint c_d = dom_depth(cin);
    if (c_d > e_d) {           // Deeper guy?
      early = cin;              // Keep deepest found so far
      e_d = c_d;
    } else if (c_d == e_d &&    // Same depth?
               early != cin) { // If not equal, must use slower algorithm
      // If same depth but not equal, one _must_ dominate the other
      // and we want the deeper (i.e., dominated) guy.
      Node *n1 = early;
      Node *n2 = cin;
      while (1) {
        n1 = idom(n1);          // Walk up until break cycle
        n2 = idom(n2);
        if (n1 == cin ||        // Walked early up to cin
            dom_depth(n2) < c_d)
          break;                // early is deeper; keep him
        if (n2 == early ||      // Walked cin up to early
            dom_depth(n1) < c_d) {
          early = cin;          // cin is deeper; keep him
          break;
        }
      }
      e_d = dom_depth(early);   // Reset depth register cache
    }
  }

  // Return earliest legal location
  assert(early == find_non_split_ctrl(early), "unexpected early control");

  if (n->is_expensive() && !_verify_only && !_verify_me) {
    assert(n->in(0), "should have control input");
    early = get_early_ctrl_for_expensive(n, early);
  }

  return early;
}

//------------------------------get_early_ctrl_for_expensive---------------------------------
// Move node up the dominator tree as high as legal while still beneficial
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::get_early_ctrl_for_expensive(Node *n, Node* earliest) {
  assert(n->in(0) && n->is_expensive(), "expensive node with control input here");
  assert(OptimizeExpensiveOps, "optimization off?");

  Node* ctl = n->in(0);
  assert(ctl->is_CFG(), "expensive input 0 must be cfg");
  uint min_dom_depth = dom_depth(earliest);
#ifdef ASSERT
  if (!is_dominator(ctl, earliest) && !is_dominator(earliest, ctl)) {
    dump_bad_graph("Bad graph detected in get_early_ctrl_for_expensive", n, earliest, ctl);
    assert(false, "Bad graph detected in get_early_ctrl_for_expensive");
  }
#endif
  if (dom_depth(ctl) < min_dom_depth) {
    return earliest;
  }

  while (1) {
    Node *next = ctl;
    // Moving the node out of a loop on the projection of a If
    // confuses loop predication. So once we hit a Loop in a If branch
    // that doesn't branch to an UNC, we stop. The code that process
    // expensive nodes will notice the loop and skip over it to try to
    // move the node further up.
    if (ctl->is_CountedLoop() && ctl->in(1) != NULL && ctl->in(1)->in(0) != NULL && ctl->in(1)->in(0)->is_If()) {
      if (!ctl->in(1)->as_Proj()->is_uncommon_trap_if_pattern(Deoptimization::Reason_none)) {
        break;
      }
      next = idom(ctl->in(1)->in(0));
    } else if (ctl->is_Proj()) {
      // We only move it up along a projection if the projection is
      // the single control projection for its parent: same code path,
      // if it's a If with UNC or fallthrough of a call.
      Node* parent_ctl = ctl->in(0);
      if (parent_ctl == NULL) {
        break;
      } else if (parent_ctl->is_CountedLoopEnd() && parent_ctl->as_CountedLoopEnd()->loopnode() != NULL) {
        next = parent_ctl->as_CountedLoopEnd()->loopnode()->init_control();
      } else if (parent_ctl->is_If()) {
        if (!ctl->as_Proj()->is_uncommon_trap_if_pattern(Deoptimization::Reason_none)) {
          break;
        }
        assert(idom(ctl) == parent_ctl, "strange");
        next = idom(parent_ctl);
      } else if (ctl->is_CatchProj()) {
        if (ctl->as_Proj()->_con != CatchProjNode::fall_through_index) {
          break;
        }
        assert(parent_ctl->in(0)->in(0)->is_Call(), "strange graph");
        next = parent_ctl->in(0)->in(0)->in(0);
      } else {
        // Check if parent control has a single projection (this
        // control is the only possible successor of the parent
        // control). If so, we can try to move the node above the
        // parent control.
        int nb_ctl_proj = 0;
        for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = parent_ctl->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
          Node *p = parent_ctl->fast_out(i);
          if (p->is_Proj() && p->is_CFG()) {
            nb_ctl_proj++;
            if (nb_ctl_proj > 1) {
              break;
            }
          }
        }

        if (nb_ctl_proj > 1) {
          break;
        }
        assert(parent_ctl->is_Start() || parent_ctl->is_MemBar() || parent_ctl->is_Call(), "unexpected node");
        assert(idom(ctl) == parent_ctl, "strange");
        next = idom(parent_ctl);
      }
    } else {
      next = idom(ctl);
    }
    if (next->is_Root() || next->is_Start() || dom_depth(next) < min_dom_depth) {
      break;
    }
    ctl = next;
  }

  if (ctl != n->in(0)) {
    _igvn.replace_input_of(n, 0, ctl);
    _igvn.hash_insert(n);
  }

  return ctl;
}


//------------------------------set_early_ctrl---------------------------------
// Set earliest legal control
void PhaseIdealLoop::set_early_ctrl( Node *n ) {
  Node *early = get_early_ctrl(n);

  // Record earliest legal location
  set_ctrl(n, early);
}

//------------------------------set_subtree_ctrl-------------------------------
// set missing _ctrl entries on new nodes
void PhaseIdealLoop::set_subtree_ctrl( Node *n ) {
  // Already set?  Get out.
  if( _nodes[n->_idx] ) return;
  // Recursively set _nodes array to indicate where the Node goes
  uint i;
  for( i = 0; i < n->req(); ++i ) {
    Node *m = n->in(i);
    if( m && m != C->root() )
      set_subtree_ctrl( m );
  }

  // Fixup self
  set_early_ctrl( n );
}

// Create a skeleton strip mined outer loop: a Loop head before the
// inner strip mined loop, a safepoint and an exit condition guarded
// by an opaque node after the inner strip mined loop with a backedge
// to the loop head. The inner strip mined loop is left as it is. Only
// once loop optimizations are over, do we adjust the inner loop exit
// condition to limit its number of iterations, set the outer loop
// exit condition and add Phis to the outer loop head. Some loop
// optimizations that operate on the inner strip mined loop need to be
// aware of the outer strip mined loop: loop unswitching needs to
// clone the outer loop as well as the inner, unrolling needs to only
// clone the inner loop etc. No optimizations need to change the outer
// strip mined loop as it is only a skeleton.
IdealLoopTree* PhaseIdealLoop::create_outer_strip_mined_loop(BoolNode *test, Node *cmp, Node *init_control,
                                                             IdealLoopTree* loop, float cl_prob, float le_fcnt,
                                                             Node*& entry_control, Node*& iffalse) {
  Node* outer_test = _igvn.intcon(0);
  set_ctrl(outer_test, C->root());
  Node *orig = iffalse;
  iffalse = iffalse->clone();
  _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(iffalse);
  set_idom(iffalse, idom(orig), dom_depth(orig));

  IfNode *outer_le = new OuterStripMinedLoopEndNode(iffalse, outer_test, cl_prob, le_fcnt);
  Node *outer_ift = new IfTrueNode (outer_le);
  Node* outer_iff = orig;
  _igvn.replace_input_of(outer_iff, 0, outer_le);

  LoopNode *outer_l = new OuterStripMinedLoopNode(C, init_control, outer_ift);
  entry_control = outer_l;

  IdealLoopTree* outer_ilt = new IdealLoopTree(this, outer_l, outer_ift);
  IdealLoopTree* parent = loop->_parent;
  IdealLoopTree* sibling = parent->_child;
  if (sibling == loop) {
    parent->_child = outer_ilt;
  } else {
    while (sibling->_next != loop) {
      sibling = sibling->_next;
    }
    sibling->_next = outer_ilt;
  }
  outer_ilt->_next = loop->_next;
  outer_ilt->_parent = parent;
  outer_ilt->_child = loop;
  outer_ilt->_nest = loop->_nest;
  loop->_parent = outer_ilt;
  loop->_next = NULL;
  loop->_nest++;

  set_loop(iffalse, outer_ilt);
  register_control(outer_le, outer_ilt, iffalse);
  register_control(outer_ift, outer_ilt, outer_le);
  set_idom(outer_iff, outer_le, dom_depth(outer_le));
  _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(outer_l);
  set_loop(outer_l, outer_ilt);
  set_idom(outer_l, init_control, dom_depth(init_control)+1);

  return outer_ilt;
}

//------------------------------is_counted_loop--------------------------------
bool PhaseIdealLoop::is_counted_loop(Node* x, IdealLoopTree*& loop) {
  PhaseGVN *gvn = &_igvn;

  // Counted loop head must be a good RegionNode with only 3 not NULL
  // control input edges: Self, Entry, LoopBack.
  if (x->in(LoopNode::Self) == NULL || x->req() != 3 || loop->_irreducible) {
    return false;
  }
  Node *init_control = x->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
  Node *back_control = x->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
  if (init_control == NULL || back_control == NULL)    // Partially dead
    return false;
  // Must also check for TOP when looking for a dead loop
  if (init_control->is_top() || back_control->is_top())
    return false;

  // Allow funny placement of Safepoint
  if (back_control->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint) {
    if (LoopStripMiningIter != 0) {
      // Leaving the safepoint on the backedge and creating a
      // CountedLoop will confuse optimizations. We can't move the
      // safepoint around because its jvm state wouldn't match a new
      // location. Give up on that loop.
      return false;
    }
    back_control = back_control->in(TypeFunc::Control);
  }

  // Controlling test for loop
  Node *iftrue = back_control;
  uint iftrue_op = iftrue->Opcode();
  if (iftrue_op != Op_IfTrue &&
      iftrue_op != Op_IfFalse)
    // I have a weird back-control.  Probably the loop-exit test is in
    // the middle of the loop and I am looking at some trailing control-flow
    // merge point.  To fix this I would have to partially peel the loop.
    return false; // Obscure back-control

  // Get boolean guarding loop-back test
  Node *iff = iftrue->in(0);
  if (get_loop(iff) != loop || !iff->in(1)->is_Bool())
    return false;
  BoolNode *test = iff->in(1)->as_Bool();
  BoolTest::mask bt = test->_test._test;
  float cl_prob = iff->as_If()->_prob;
  if (iftrue_op == Op_IfFalse) {
    bt = BoolTest(bt).negate();
    cl_prob = 1.0 - cl_prob;
  }
  // Get backedge compare
  Node *cmp = test->in(1);
  int cmp_op = cmp->Opcode();
  if (cmp_op != Op_CmpI)
    return false;                // Avoid pointer & float compares

  // Find the trip-counter increment & limit.  Limit must be loop invariant.
  Node *incr  = cmp->in(1);
  Node *limit = cmp->in(2);

  // ---------
  // need 'loop()' test to tell if limit is loop invariant
  // ---------

  if (!is_member(loop, get_ctrl(incr))) { // Swapped trip counter and limit?
    Node *tmp = incr;            // Then reverse order into the CmpI
    incr = limit;
    limit = tmp;
    bt = BoolTest(bt).commute(); // And commute the exit test
  }
  if (is_member(loop, get_ctrl(limit))) // Limit must be loop-invariant
    return false;
  if (!is_member(loop, get_ctrl(incr))) // Trip counter must be loop-variant
    return false;

  Node* phi_incr = NULL;
  // Trip-counter increment must be commutative & associative.
  if (incr->Opcode() == Op_CastII) {
    incr = incr->in(1);
  }
  if (incr->is_Phi()) {
    if (incr->as_Phi()->region() != x || incr->req() != 3)
      return false; // Not simple trip counter expression
    phi_incr = incr;
    incr = phi_incr->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl); // Assume incr is on backedge of Phi
    if (!is_member(loop, get_ctrl(incr))) // Trip counter must be loop-variant
      return false;
  }

  Node* trunc1 = NULL;
  Node* trunc2 = NULL;
  const TypeInt* iv_trunc_t = NULL;
  if (!(incr = CountedLoopNode::match_incr_with_optional_truncation(incr, &trunc1, &trunc2, &iv_trunc_t))) {
    return false; // Funny increment opcode
  }
  assert(incr->Opcode() == Op_AddI, "wrong increment code");

  // Get merge point
  Node *xphi = incr->in(1);
  Node *stride = incr->in(2);
  if (!stride->is_Con()) {     // Oops, swap these
    if (!xphi->is_Con())       // Is the other guy a constant?
      return false;             // Nope, unknown stride, bail out
    Node *tmp = xphi;           // 'incr' is commutative, so ok to swap
    xphi = stride;
    stride = tmp;
  }
  if (xphi->Opcode() == Op_CastII) {
    xphi = xphi->in(1);
  }
  // Stride must be constant
  int stride_con = stride->get_int();
  if (stride_con == 0)
    return false; // missed some peephole opt

  if (!xphi->is_Phi())
    return false; // Too much math on the trip counter
  if (phi_incr != NULL && phi_incr != xphi)
    return false;
  PhiNode *phi = xphi->as_Phi();

  // Phi must be of loop header; backedge must wrap to increment
  if (phi->region() != x)
    return false;
  if ((trunc1 == NULL && phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl) != incr) ||
      (trunc1 != NULL && phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl) != trunc1)) {
    return false;
  }
  Node *init_trip = phi->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);

  // If iv trunc type is smaller than int, check for possible wrap.
  if (!TypeInt::INT->higher_equal(iv_trunc_t)) {
    assert(trunc1 != NULL, "must have found some truncation");

    // Get a better type for the phi (filtered thru if's)
    const TypeInt* phi_ft = filtered_type(phi);

    // Can iv take on a value that will wrap?
    //
    // Ensure iv's limit is not within "stride" of the wrap value.
    //
    // Example for "short" type
    //    Truncation ensures value is in the range -32768..32767 (iv_trunc_t)
    //    If the stride is +10, then the last value of the induction
    //    variable before the increment (phi_ft->_hi) must be
    //    <= 32767 - 10 and (phi_ft->_lo) must be >= -32768 to
    //    ensure no truncation occurs after the increment.

    if (stride_con > 0) {
      if (iv_trunc_t->_hi - phi_ft->_hi < stride_con ||
          iv_trunc_t->_lo > phi_ft->_lo) {
        return false;  // truncation may occur
      }
    } else if (stride_con < 0) {
      if (iv_trunc_t->_lo - phi_ft->_lo > stride_con ||
          iv_trunc_t->_hi < phi_ft->_hi) {
        return false;  // truncation may occur
      }
    }
    // No possibility of wrap so truncation can be discarded
    // Promote iv type to Int
  } else {
    assert(trunc1 == NULL && trunc2 == NULL, "no truncation for int");
  }

  // If the condition is inverted and we will be rolling
  // through MININT to MAXINT, then bail out.
  if (bt == BoolTest::eq || // Bail out, but this loop trips at most twice!
      // Odd stride
      (bt == BoolTest::ne && stride_con != 1 && stride_con != -1) ||
      // Count down loop rolls through MAXINT
      ((bt == BoolTest::le || bt == BoolTest::lt) && stride_con < 0) ||
      // Count up loop rolls through MININT
      ((bt == BoolTest::ge || bt == BoolTest::gt) && stride_con > 0)) {
    return false; // Bail out
  }

  const TypeInt* init_t = gvn->type(init_trip)->is_int();
  const TypeInt* limit_t = gvn->type(limit)->is_int();

  if (stride_con > 0) {
    jlong init_p = (jlong)init_t->_lo + stride_con;
    if (init_p > (jlong)max_jint || init_p > (jlong)limit_t->_hi)
      return false; // cyclic loop or this loop trips only once
  } else {
    jlong init_p = (jlong)init_t->_hi + stride_con;
    if (init_p < (jlong)min_jint || init_p < (jlong)limit_t->_lo)
      return false; // cyclic loop or this loop trips only once
  }

  if (phi_incr != NULL) {
    // check if there is a possiblity of IV overflowing after the first increment
    if (stride_con > 0) {
      if (init_t->_hi > max_jint - stride_con) {
        return false;
      }
    } else {
      if (init_t->_lo < min_jint - stride_con) {
        return false;
      }
    }
  }

  // =================================================
  // ---- SUCCESS!   Found A Trip-Counted Loop!  -----
  //
  assert(x->Opcode() == Op_Loop, "regular loops only");
  C->print_method(PHASE_BEFORE_CLOOPS, 3);

  Node *hook = new Node(6);

  // ===================================================
  // Generate loop limit check to avoid integer overflow
  // in cases like next (cyclic loops):
  //
  // for (i=0; i <= max_jint; i++) {}
  // for (i=0; i <  max_jint; i+=2) {}
  //
  //
  // Limit check predicate depends on the loop test:
  //
  // for(;i != limit; i++)       --> limit <= (max_jint)
  // for(;i <  limit; i+=stride) --> limit <= (max_jint - stride + 1)
  // for(;i <= limit; i+=stride) --> limit <= (max_jint - stride    )
  //

  // Check if limit is excluded to do more precise int overflow check.
  bool incl_limit = (bt == BoolTest::le || bt == BoolTest::ge);
  int stride_m  = stride_con - (incl_limit ? 0 : (stride_con > 0 ? 1 : -1));

  // If compare points directly to the phi we need to adjust
  // the compare so that it points to the incr. Limit have
  // to be adjusted to keep trip count the same and the
  // adjusted limit should be checked for int overflow.
  if (phi_incr != NULL) {
    stride_m  += stride_con;
  }

  if (limit->is_Con()) {
    int limit_con = limit->get_int();
    if ((stride_con > 0 && limit_con > (max_jint - stride_m)) ||
        (stride_con < 0 && limit_con < (min_jint - stride_m))) {
      // Bailout: it could be integer overflow.
      return false;
    }
  } else if ((stride_con > 0 && limit_t->_hi <= (max_jint - stride_m)) ||
             (stride_con < 0 && limit_t->_lo >= (min_jint - stride_m))) {
      // Limit's type may satisfy the condition, for example,
      // when it is an array length.
  } else {
    // Generate loop's limit check.
    // Loop limit check predicate should be near the loop.
    ProjNode *limit_check_proj = find_predicate_insertion_point(init_control, Deoptimization::Reason_loop_limit_check);
    if (!limit_check_proj) {
      // The limit check predicate is not generated if this method trapped here before.
#ifdef ASSERT
      if (TraceLoopLimitCheck) {
        tty->print("missing loop limit check:");
        loop->dump_head();
        x->dump(1);
      }
#endif
      return false;
    }

    IfNode* check_iff = limit_check_proj->in(0)->as_If();
    Node* cmp_limit;
    Node* bol;

    if (stride_con > 0) {
      cmp_limit = new CmpINode(limit, _igvn.intcon(max_jint - stride_m));
      bol = new BoolNode(cmp_limit, BoolTest::le);
    } else {
      cmp_limit = new CmpINode(limit, _igvn.intcon(min_jint - stride_m));
      bol = new BoolNode(cmp_limit, BoolTest::ge);
    }
    cmp_limit = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(cmp_limit);
    bol = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(bol);
    set_subtree_ctrl(bol);

    // Replace condition in original predicate but preserve Opaque node
    // so that previous predicates could be found.
    assert(check_iff->in(1)->Opcode() == Op_Conv2B &&
           check_iff->in(1)->in(1)->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1, "");
    Node* opq = check_iff->in(1)->in(1);
    _igvn.replace_input_of(opq, 1, bol);
    // Update ctrl.
    set_ctrl(opq, check_iff->in(0));
    set_ctrl(check_iff->in(1), check_iff->in(0));

#ifndef PRODUCT
    // report that the loop predication has been actually performed
    // for this loop
    if (TraceLoopLimitCheck) {
      tty->print_cr("Counted Loop Limit Check generated:");
      debug_only( bol->dump(2); )
    }
#endif
  }

  if (phi_incr != NULL) {
    // If compare points directly to the phi we need to adjust
    // the compare so that it points to the incr. Limit have
    // to be adjusted to keep trip count the same and we
    // should avoid int overflow.
    //
    //   i = init; do {} while(i++ < limit);
    // is converted to
    //   i = init; do {} while(++i < limit+1);
    //
    limit = gvn->transform(new AddINode(limit, stride));
  }

  // Now we need to canonicalize loop condition.
  if (bt == BoolTest::ne) {
    assert(stride_con == 1 || stride_con == -1, "simple increment only");
    // 'ne' can be replaced with 'lt' only when init < limit.
    if (stride_con > 0 && init_t->_hi < limit_t->_lo)
      bt = BoolTest::lt;
    // 'ne' can be replaced with 'gt' only when init > limit.
    if (stride_con < 0 && init_t->_lo > limit_t->_hi)
      bt = BoolTest::gt;
  }

  if (incl_limit) {
    // The limit check guaranties that 'limit <= (max_jint - stride)' so
    // we can convert 'i <= limit' to 'i < limit+1' since stride != 0.
    //
    Node* one = (stride_con > 0) ? gvn->intcon( 1) : gvn->intcon(-1);
    limit = gvn->transform(new AddINode(limit, one));
    if (bt == BoolTest::le)
      bt = BoolTest::lt;
    else if (bt == BoolTest::ge)
      bt = BoolTest::gt;
    else
      ShouldNotReachHere();
  }
  set_subtree_ctrl( limit );

  if (LoopStripMiningIter == 0) {
    // Check for SafePoint on backedge and remove
    Node *sfpt = x->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
    if (sfpt->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint && is_deleteable_safept(sfpt)) {
      lazy_replace( sfpt, iftrue );
      if (loop->_safepts != NULL) {
        loop->_safepts->yank(sfpt);
      }
      loop->_tail = iftrue;
    }
  }

  // Build a canonical trip test.
  // Clone code, as old values may be in use.
  incr = incr->clone();
  incr->set_req(1,phi);
  incr->set_req(2,stride);
  incr = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(incr);
  set_early_ctrl( incr );
  _igvn.rehash_node_delayed(phi);
  phi->set_req_X( LoopNode::LoopBackControl, incr, &_igvn );

  // If phi type is more restrictive than Int, raise to
  // Int to prevent (almost) infinite recursion in igvn
  // which can only handle integer types for constants or minint..maxint.
  if (!TypeInt::INT->higher_equal(phi->bottom_type())) {
    Node* nphi = PhiNode::make(phi->in(0), phi->in(LoopNode::EntryControl), TypeInt::INT);
    nphi->set_req(LoopNode::LoopBackControl, phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl));
    nphi = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(nphi);
    set_ctrl(nphi, get_ctrl(phi));
    _igvn.replace_node(phi, nphi);
    phi = nphi->as_Phi();
  }
  cmp = cmp->clone();
  cmp->set_req(1,incr);
  cmp->set_req(2,limit);
  cmp = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(cmp);
  set_ctrl(cmp, iff->in(0));

  test = test->clone()->as_Bool();
  (*(BoolTest*)&test->_test)._test = bt;
  test->set_req(1,cmp);
  _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(test);
  set_ctrl(test, iff->in(0));

  // Replace the old IfNode with a new LoopEndNode
  Node *lex = _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(new CountedLoopEndNode( iff->in(0), test, cl_prob, iff->as_If()->_fcnt ));
  IfNode *le = lex->as_If();
  uint dd = dom_depth(iff);
  set_idom(le, le->in(0), dd); // Update dominance for loop exit
  set_loop(le, loop);

  // Get the loop-exit control
  Node *iffalse = iff->as_If()->proj_out(!(iftrue_op == Op_IfTrue));

  // Need to swap loop-exit and loop-back control?
  if (iftrue_op == Op_IfFalse) {
    Node *ift2=_igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(new IfTrueNode (le));
    Node *iff2=_igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(new IfFalseNode(le));

    loop->_tail = back_control = ift2;
    set_loop(ift2, loop);
    set_loop(iff2, get_loop(iffalse));

    // Lazy update of 'get_ctrl' mechanism.
    lazy_replace(iffalse, iff2);
    lazy_replace(iftrue,  ift2);

    // Swap names
    iffalse = iff2;
    iftrue  = ift2;
  } else {
    _igvn.rehash_node_delayed(iffalse);
    _igvn.rehash_node_delayed(iftrue);
    iffalse->set_req_X( 0, le, &_igvn );
    iftrue ->set_req_X( 0, le, &_igvn );
  }

  set_idom(iftrue,  le, dd+1);
  set_idom(iffalse, le, dd+1);
  assert(iff->outcnt() == 0, "should be dead now");
  lazy_replace( iff, le ); // fix 'get_ctrl'

  Node *sfpt2 = le->in(0);

  Node* entry_control = init_control;
  bool strip_mine_loop = LoopStripMiningIter > 1 && loop->_child == NULL &&
    sfpt2->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint && !loop->_has_call;
  IdealLoopTree* outer_ilt = NULL;
  if (strip_mine_loop) {
    outer_ilt = create_outer_strip_mined_loop(test, cmp, init_control, loop,
                                              cl_prob, le->_fcnt, entry_control,
                                              iffalse);
  }

  // Now setup a new CountedLoopNode to replace the existing LoopNode
  CountedLoopNode *l = new CountedLoopNode(entry_control, back_control);
  l->set_unswitch_count(x->as_Loop()->unswitch_count()); // Preserve
  // The following assert is approximately true, and defines the intention
  // of can_be_counted_loop.  It fails, however, because phase->type
  // is not yet initialized for this loop and its parts.
  //assert(l->can_be_counted_loop(this), "sanity");
  _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(l);
  set_loop(l, loop);
  loop->_head = l;
  // Fix all data nodes placed at the old loop head.
  // Uses the lazy-update mechanism of 'get_ctrl'.
  lazy_replace( x, l );
  set_idom(l, entry_control, dom_depth(entry_control) + 1);

  if (LoopStripMiningIter == 0 || strip_mine_loop) {
    // Check for immediately preceding SafePoint and remove
    if (sfpt2->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint && (LoopStripMiningIter != 0 || is_deleteable_safept(sfpt2))) {
      if (strip_mine_loop) {
        Node* outer_le = outer_ilt->_tail->in(0);
        Node* sfpt = sfpt2->clone();
        sfpt->set_req(0, iffalse);
        outer_le->set_req(0, sfpt);
        register_control(sfpt, outer_ilt, iffalse);
        set_idom(outer_le, sfpt, dom_depth(sfpt));
      }
      lazy_replace( sfpt2, sfpt2->in(TypeFunc::Control));
      if (loop->_safepts != NULL) {
        loop->_safepts->yank(sfpt2);
      }
    }
  }

  // Free up intermediate goo
  _igvn.remove_dead_node(hook);

#ifdef ASSERT
  assert(l->is_valid_counted_loop(), "counted loop shape is messed up");
  assert(l == loop->_head && l->phi() == phi && l->loopexit_or_null() == lex, "" );
#endif
#ifndef PRODUCT
  if (TraceLoopOpts) {
    tty->print("Counted      ");
    loop->dump_head();
  }
#endif

  C->print_method(PHASE_AFTER_CLOOPS, 3);

  // Capture bounds of the loop in the induction variable Phi before
  // subsequent transformation (iteration splitting) obscures the
  // bounds
  l->phi()->as_Phi()->set_type(l->phi()->Value(&_igvn));

  if (strip_mine_loop) {
    l->mark_strip_mined();
    l->verify_strip_mined(1);
    outer_ilt->_head->as_Loop()->verify_strip_mined(1);
    loop = outer_ilt;
  }

  return true;
}

//----------------------exact_limit-------------------------------------------
Node* PhaseIdealLoop::exact_limit( IdealLoopTree *loop ) {
  assert(loop->_head->is_CountedLoop(), "");
  CountedLoopNode *cl = loop->_head->as_CountedLoop();
  assert(cl->is_valid_counted_loop(), "");

  if (ABS(cl->stride_con()) == 1 ||
      cl->limit()->Opcode() == Op_LoopLimit) {
    // Old code has exact limit (it could be incorrect in case of int overflow).
    // Loop limit is exact with stride == 1. And loop may already have exact limit.
    return cl->limit();
  }
  Node *limit = NULL;
#ifdef ASSERT
  BoolTest::mask bt = cl->loopexit()->test_trip();
  assert(bt == BoolTest::lt || bt == BoolTest::gt, "canonical test is expected");
#endif
  if (cl->has_exact_trip_count()) {
    // Simple case: loop has constant boundaries.
    // Use jlongs to avoid integer overflow.
    int stride_con = cl->stride_con();
    jlong  init_con = cl->init_trip()->get_int();
    jlong limit_con = cl->limit()->get_int();
    julong trip_cnt = cl->trip_count();
    jlong final_con = init_con + trip_cnt*stride_con;
    int final_int = (int)final_con;
    // The final value should be in integer range since the loop
    // is counted and the limit was checked for overflow.
    assert(final_con == (jlong)final_int, "final value should be integer");
    limit = _igvn.intcon(final_int);
  } else {
    // Create new LoopLimit node to get exact limit (final iv value).
    limit = new LoopLimitNode(C, cl->init_trip(), cl->limit(), cl->stride());
    register_new_node(limit, cl->in(LoopNode::EntryControl));
  }
  assert(limit != NULL, "sanity");
  return limit;
}

//------------------------------Ideal------------------------------------------
// Return a node which is more "ideal" than the current node.
// Attempt to convert into a counted-loop.
Node *LoopNode::Ideal(PhaseGVN *phase, bool can_reshape) {
  if (!can_be_counted_loop(phase) && !is_OuterStripMinedLoop()) {
    phase->C->set_major_progress();
  }
  return RegionNode::Ideal(phase, can_reshape);
}

void LoopNode::verify_strip_mined(int expect_skeleton) const {
#ifdef ASSERT
  const OuterStripMinedLoopNode* outer = NULL;
  const CountedLoopNode* inner = NULL;
  if (is_strip_mined()) {
    assert(is_CountedLoop(), "no Loop should be marked strip mined");
    inner = as_CountedLoop();
    outer = inner->in(LoopNode::EntryControl)->as_OuterStripMinedLoop();
  } else if (is_OuterStripMinedLoop()) {
    outer = this->as_OuterStripMinedLoop();
    inner = outer->unique_ctrl_out()->as_CountedLoop();
    assert(!is_strip_mined(), "outer loop shouldn't be marked strip mined");
  }
  if (inner != NULL || outer != NULL) {
    assert(inner != NULL && outer != NULL, "missing loop in strip mined nest");
    Node* outer_tail = outer->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
    Node* outer_le = outer_tail->in(0);
    assert(outer_le->Opcode() == Op_OuterStripMinedLoopEnd, "tail of outer loop should be an If");
    Node* sfpt = outer_le->in(0);
    assert(sfpt->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint, "where's the safepoint?");
    Node* inner_out = sfpt->in(0);
    if (inner_out->outcnt() != 1) {
      ResourceMark rm;
      Unique_Node_List wq;

      for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = inner_out->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
        Node* u = inner_out->fast_out(i);
        if (u == sfpt) {
          continue;
        }
        wq.clear();
        wq.push(u);
        bool found_sfpt = false;
        for (uint next = 0; next < wq.size() && !found_sfpt; next++) {
          Node *n = wq.at(next);
          for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = n->fast_outs(imax); i < imax && !found_sfpt; i++) {
            Node* u = n->fast_out(i);
            if (u == sfpt) {
              found_sfpt = true;
            }
            if (!u->is_CFG()) {
              wq.push(u);
            }
          }
        }
        assert(found_sfpt, "no node in loop that's not input to safepoint");
      }
    }
    CountedLoopEndNode* cle = inner_out->in(0)->as_CountedLoopEnd();
    assert(cle == inner->loopexit_or_null(), "mismatch");
    bool has_skeleton = outer_le->in(1)->bottom_type()->singleton() && outer_le->in(1)->bottom_type()->is_int()->get_con() == 0;
    if (has_skeleton) {
      assert(expect_skeleton == 1 || expect_skeleton == -1, "unexpected skeleton node");
      assert(outer->outcnt() == 2, "only phis");
    } else {
      assert(expect_skeleton == 0 || expect_skeleton == -1, "no skeleton node?");
      uint phis = 0;
      for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = inner->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
        Node* u = inner->fast_out(i);
        if (u->is_Phi()) {
          phis++;
        }
      }
      for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = outer->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
        Node* u = outer->fast_out(i);
        assert(u == outer || u == inner || u->is_Phi(), "nothing between inner and outer loop");
      }
      uint stores = 0;
      for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = inner_out->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
        Node* u = inner_out->fast_out(i);
        if (u->is_Store()) {
          stores++;
        }
      }
      assert(outer->outcnt() >= phis + 2 && outer->outcnt() <= phis + 2 + stores + 1, "only phis");
    }
    assert(sfpt->outcnt() == 1, "no data node");
    assert(outer_tail->outcnt() == 1 || !has_skeleton, "no data node");
  }
#endif
}

//=============================================================================
//------------------------------Ideal------------------------------------------
// Return a node which is more "ideal" than the current node.
// Attempt to convert into a counted-loop.
Node *CountedLoopNode::Ideal(PhaseGVN *phase, bool can_reshape) {
  return RegionNode::Ideal(phase, can_reshape);
}

//------------------------------dump_spec--------------------------------------
// Dump special per-node info
#ifndef PRODUCT
void CountedLoopNode::dump_spec(outputStream *st) const {
  LoopNode::dump_spec(st);
  if (stride_is_con()) {
    st->print("stride: %d ",stride_con());
  }
  if (is_pre_loop ()) st->print("pre of N%d" , _main_idx);
  if (is_main_loop()) st->print("main of N%d", _idx);
  if (is_post_loop()) st->print("post of N%d", _main_idx);
  if (is_strip_mined()) st->print(" strip mined");
}
#endif

//=============================================================================
int CountedLoopEndNode::stride_con() const {
  return stride()->bottom_type()->is_int()->get_con();
}

//=============================================================================
//------------------------------Value-----------------------------------------
const Type* LoopLimitNode::Value(PhaseGVN* phase) const {
  const Type* init_t   = phase->type(in(Init));
  const Type* limit_t  = phase->type(in(Limit));
  const Type* stride_t = phase->type(in(Stride));
  // Either input is TOP ==> the result is TOP
  if (init_t   == Type::TOP) return Type::TOP;
  if (limit_t  == Type::TOP) return Type::TOP;
  if (stride_t == Type::TOP) return Type::TOP;

  int stride_con = stride_t->is_int()->get_con();
  if (stride_con == 1)
    return NULL;  // Identity

  if (init_t->is_int()->is_con() && limit_t->is_int()->is_con()) {
    // Use jlongs to avoid integer overflow.
    jlong init_con   =  init_t->is_int()->get_con();
    jlong limit_con  = limit_t->is_int()->get_con();
    int  stride_m   = stride_con - (stride_con > 0 ? 1 : -1);
    jlong trip_count = (limit_con - init_con + stride_m)/stride_con;
    jlong final_con  = init_con + stride_con*trip_count;
    int final_int = (int)final_con;
    // The final value should be in integer range since the loop
    // is counted and the limit was checked for overflow.
    assert(final_con == (jlong)final_int, "final value should be integer");
    return TypeInt::make(final_int);
  }

  return bottom_type(); // TypeInt::INT
}

//------------------------------Ideal------------------------------------------
// Return a node which is more "ideal" than the current node.
Node *LoopLimitNode::Ideal(PhaseGVN *phase, bool can_reshape) {
  if (phase->type(in(Init))   == Type::TOP ||
      phase->type(in(Limit))  == Type::TOP ||
      phase->type(in(Stride)) == Type::TOP)
    return NULL;  // Dead

  int stride_con = phase->type(in(Stride))->is_int()->get_con();
  if (stride_con == 1)
    return NULL;  // Identity

  if (in(Init)->is_Con() && in(Limit)->is_Con())
    return NULL;  // Value

  // Delay following optimizations until all loop optimizations
  // done to keep Ideal graph simple.
  if (!can_reshape || phase->C->major_progress())
    return NULL;

  const TypeInt* init_t  = phase->type(in(Init) )->is_int();
  const TypeInt* limit_t = phase->type(in(Limit))->is_int();
  int stride_p;
  jlong lim, ini;
  julong max;
  if (stride_con > 0) {
    stride_p = stride_con;
    lim = limit_t->_hi;
    ini = init_t->_lo;
    max = (julong)max_jint;
  } else {
    stride_p = -stride_con;
    lim = init_t->_hi;
    ini = limit_t->_lo;
    max = (julong)min_jint;
  }
  julong range = lim - ini + stride_p;
  if (range <= max) {
    // Convert to integer expression if it is not overflow.
    Node* stride_m = phase->intcon(stride_con - (stride_con > 0 ? 1 : -1));
    Node *range = phase->transform(new SubINode(in(Limit), in(Init)));
    Node *bias  = phase->transform(new AddINode(range, stride_m));
    Node *trip  = phase->transform(new DivINode(0, bias, in(Stride)));
    Node *span  = phase->transform(new MulINode(trip, in(Stride)));
    return new AddINode(span, in(Init)); // exact limit
  }

  if (is_power_of_2(stride_p) ||                // divisor is 2^n
      !Matcher::has_match_rule(Op_LoopLimit)) { // or no specialized Mach node?
    // Convert to long expression to avoid integer overflow
    // and let igvn optimizer convert this division.
    //
    Node*   init   = phase->transform( new ConvI2LNode(in(Init)));
    Node*  limit   = phase->transform( new ConvI2LNode(in(Limit)));
    Node* stride   = phase->longcon(stride_con);
    Node* stride_m = phase->longcon(stride_con - (stride_con > 0 ? 1 : -1));

    Node *range = phase->transform(new SubLNode(limit, init));
    Node *bias  = phase->transform(new AddLNode(range, stride_m));
    Node *span;
    if (stride_con > 0 && is_power_of_2(stride_p)) {
      // bias >= 0 if stride >0, so if stride is 2^n we can use &(-stride)
      // and avoid generating rounding for division. Zero trip guard should
      // guarantee that init < limit but sometimes the guard is missing and
      // we can get situation when init > limit. Note, for the empty loop
      // optimization zero trip guard is generated explicitly which leaves
      // only RCE predicate where exact limit is used and the predicate
      // will simply fail forcing recompilation.
      Node* neg_stride   = phase->longcon(-stride_con);
      span = phase->transform(new AndLNode(bias, neg_stride));
    } else {
      Node *trip  = phase->transform(new DivLNode(0, bias, stride));
      span = phase->transform(new MulLNode(trip, stride));
    }
    // Convert back to int
    Node *span_int = phase->transform(new ConvL2INode(span));
    return new AddINode(span_int, in(Init)); // exact limit
  }

  return NULL;    // No progress
}

//------------------------------Identity---------------------------------------
// If stride == 1 return limit node.
Node* LoopLimitNode::Identity(PhaseGVN* phase) {
  int stride_con = phase->type(in(Stride))->is_int()->get_con();
  if (stride_con == 1 || stride_con == -1)
    return in(Limit);
  return this;
}

//=============================================================================
//----------------------match_incr_with_optional_truncation--------------------
// Match increment with optional truncation:
// CHAR: (i+1)&0x7fff, BYTE: ((i+1)<<8)>>8, or SHORT: ((i+1)<<16)>>16
// Return NULL for failure. Success returns the increment node.
Node* CountedLoopNode::match_incr_with_optional_truncation(
                      Node* expr, Node** trunc1, Node** trunc2, const TypeInt** trunc_type) {
  // Quick cutouts:
  if (expr == NULL || expr->req() != 3)  return NULL;

  Node *t1 = NULL;
  Node *t2 = NULL;
  const TypeInt* trunc_t = TypeInt::INT;
  Node* n1 = expr;
  int   n1op = n1->Opcode();

  // Try to strip (n1 & M) or (n1 << N >> N) from n1.
  if (n1op == Op_AndI &&
      n1->in(2)->is_Con() &&
      n1->in(2)->bottom_type()->is_int()->get_con() == 0x7fff) {
    // %%% This check should match any mask of 2**K-1.
    t1 = n1;
    n1 = t1->in(1);
    n1op = n1->Opcode();
    trunc_t = TypeInt::CHAR;
  } else if (n1op == Op_RShiftI &&
             n1->in(1) != NULL &&
             n1->in(1)->Opcode() == Op_LShiftI &&
             n1->in(2) == n1->in(1)->in(2) &&
             n1->in(2)->is_Con()) {
    jint shift = n1->in(2)->bottom_type()->is_int()->get_con();
    // %%% This check should match any shift in [1..31].
    if (shift == 16 || shift == 8) {
      t1 = n1;
      t2 = t1->in(1);
      n1 = t2->in(1);
      n1op = n1->Opcode();
      if (shift == 16) {
        trunc_t = TypeInt::SHORT;
      } else if (shift == 8) {
        trunc_t = TypeInt::BYTE;
      }
    }
  }

  // If (maybe after stripping) it is an AddI, we won:
  if (n1op == Op_AddI) {
    *trunc1 = t1;
    *trunc2 = t2;
    *trunc_type = trunc_t;
    return n1;
  }

  // failed
  return NULL;
}

LoopNode* CountedLoopNode::skip_strip_mined(int expect_opaq) {
  if (is_strip_mined()) {
    verify_strip_mined(expect_opaq);
    return in(EntryControl)->as_Loop();
  }
  return this;
}

OuterStripMinedLoopNode* CountedLoopNode::outer_loop() const {
  assert(is_strip_mined(), "not a strip mined loop");
  Node* c = in(EntryControl);
  if (c == NULL || c->is_top() || !c->is_OuterStripMinedLoop()) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return c->as_OuterStripMinedLoop();
}

IfTrueNode* OuterStripMinedLoopNode::outer_loop_tail() const {
  Node* c = in(LoopBackControl);
  if (c == NULL || c->is_top()) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return c->as_IfTrue();
}

IfTrueNode* CountedLoopNode::outer_loop_tail() const {
  LoopNode* l = outer_loop();
  if (l == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return l->outer_loop_tail();
}

OuterStripMinedLoopEndNode* OuterStripMinedLoopNode::outer_loop_end() const {
  IfTrueNode* proj = outer_loop_tail();
  if (proj == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  Node* c = proj->in(0);
  if (c == NULL || c->is_top() || c->outcnt() != 2) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return c->as_OuterStripMinedLoopEnd();
}

OuterStripMinedLoopEndNode* CountedLoopNode::outer_loop_end() const {
  LoopNode* l = outer_loop();
  if (l == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return l->outer_loop_end();
}

IfFalseNode* OuterStripMinedLoopNode::outer_loop_exit() const {
  IfNode* le = outer_loop_end();
  if (le == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  Node* c = le->proj_out_or_null(false);
  if (c == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return c->as_IfFalse();
}

IfFalseNode* CountedLoopNode::outer_loop_exit() const {
  LoopNode* l = outer_loop();
  if (l == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return l->outer_loop_exit();
}

SafePointNode* OuterStripMinedLoopNode::outer_safepoint() const {
  IfNode* le = outer_loop_end();
  if (le == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  Node* c = le->in(0);
  if (c == NULL || c->is_top()) {
    return NULL;
  }
  assert(c->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint, "broken outer loop");
  return c->as_SafePoint();
}

SafePointNode* CountedLoopNode::outer_safepoint() const {
  LoopNode* l = outer_loop();
  if (l == NULL) {
    return NULL;
  }
  return l->outer_safepoint();
}

void OuterStripMinedLoopNode::adjust_strip_mined_loop(PhaseIterGVN* igvn) {
  // Look for the outer & inner strip mined loop, reduce number of
  // iterations of the inner loop, set exit condition of outer loop,
  // construct required phi nodes for outer loop.
  CountedLoopNode* inner_cl = unique_ctrl_out()->as_CountedLoop();
  assert(inner_cl->is_strip_mined(), "inner loop should be strip mined");
  Node* inner_iv_phi = inner_cl->phi();
  if (inner_iv_phi == NULL) {
    IfNode* outer_le = outer_loop_end();
    Node* iff = igvn->transform(new IfNode(outer_le->in(0), outer_le->in(1), outer_le->_prob, outer_le->_fcnt));
    igvn->replace_node(outer_le, iff);
    inner_cl->clear_strip_mined();
    return;
  }
  CountedLoopEndNode* inner_cle = inner_cl->loopexit();

  int stride = inner_cl->stride_con();
  jlong scaled_iters_long = ((jlong)LoopStripMiningIter) * ABS(stride);
  int scaled_iters = (int)scaled_iters_long;
  int short_scaled_iters = LoopStripMiningIterShortLoop* ABS(stride);
  const TypeInt* inner_iv_t = igvn->type(inner_iv_phi)->is_int();
  jlong iter_estimate = (jlong)inner_iv_t->_hi - (jlong)inner_iv_t->_lo;
  assert(iter_estimate > 0, "broken");
  if ((jlong)scaled_iters != scaled_iters_long || iter_estimate <= short_scaled_iters) {
    // Remove outer loop and safepoint (too few iterations)
    Node* outer_sfpt = outer_safepoint();
    Node* outer_out = outer_loop_exit();
    igvn->replace_node(outer_out, outer_sfpt->in(0));
    igvn->replace_input_of(outer_sfpt, 0, igvn->C->top());
    inner_cl->clear_strip_mined();
    return;
  }
  if (iter_estimate <= scaled_iters_long) {
    // We would only go through one iteration of
    // the outer loop: drop the outer loop but
    // keep the safepoint so we don't run for
    // too long without a safepoint
    IfNode* outer_le = outer_loop_end();
    Node* iff = igvn->transform(new IfNode(outer_le->in(0), outer_le->in(1), outer_le->_prob, outer_le->_fcnt));
    igvn->replace_node(outer_le, iff);
    inner_cl->clear_strip_mined();
    return;
  }

  Node* cle_tail = inner_cle->proj_out(true);
  ResourceMark rm;
  Node_List old_new;
  if (cle_tail->outcnt() > 1) {
    // Look for nodes on backedge of inner loop and clone them
    Unique_Node_List backedge_nodes;
    for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = cle_tail->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
      Node* u = cle_tail->fast_out(i);
      if (u != inner_cl) {
        assert(!u->is_CFG(), "control flow on the backedge?");
        backedge_nodes.push(u);
      }
    }
    uint last = igvn->C->unique();
    for (uint next = 0; next < backedge_nodes.size(); next++) {
      Node* n = backedge_nodes.at(next);
      old_new.map(n->_idx, n->clone());
      for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = n->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
        Node* u = n->fast_out(i);
        assert(!u->is_CFG(), "broken");
        if (u->_idx >= last) {
          continue;
        }
        if (!u->is_Phi()) {
          backedge_nodes.push(u);
        } else {
          assert(u->in(0) == inner_cl, "strange phi on the backedge");
        }
      }
    }
    // Put the clones on the outer loop backedge
    Node* le_tail = outer_loop_tail();
    for (uint next = 0; next < backedge_nodes.size(); next++) {
      Node *n = old_new[backedge_nodes.at(next)->_idx];
      for (uint i = 1; i < n->req(); i++) {
        if (n->in(i) != NULL && old_new[n->in(i)->_idx] != NULL) {
          n->set_req(i, old_new[n->in(i)->_idx]);
        }
      }
      if (n->in(0) != NULL && n->in(0) == cle_tail) {
        n->set_req(0, le_tail);
      }
      igvn->register_new_node_with_optimizer(n);
    }
  }

  Node* iv_phi = NULL;
  // Make a clone of each phi in the inner loop
  // for the outer loop
  for (uint i = 0; i < inner_cl->outcnt(); i++) {
    Node* u = inner_cl->raw_out(i);
    if (u->is_Phi()) {
      assert(u->in(0) == inner_cl, "inconsistent");
      Node* phi = u->clone();
      phi->set_req(0, this);
      Node* be = old_new[phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl)->_idx];
      if (be != NULL) {
        phi->set_req(LoopNode::LoopBackControl, be);
      }
      phi = igvn->transform(phi);
      igvn->replace_input_of(u, LoopNode::EntryControl, phi);
      if (u == inner_iv_phi) {
        iv_phi = phi;
      }
    }
  }
  Node* cle_out = inner_cle->proj_out(false);
  if (cle_out->outcnt() > 1) {
    // Look for chains of stores that were sunk
    // out of the inner loop and are in the outer loop
    for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = cle_out->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
      Node* u = cle_out->fast_out(i);
      if (u->is_Store()) {
        Node* first = u;
        for(;;) {
          Node* next = first->in(MemNode::Memory);
          if (!next->is_Store() || next->in(0) != cle_out) {
            break;
          }
          first = next;
        }
        Node* last = u;
        for(;;) {
          Node* next = NULL;
          for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = last->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
            Node* uu = last->fast_out(j);
            if (uu->is_Store() && uu->in(0) == cle_out) {
              assert(next == NULL, "only one in the outer loop");
              next = uu;
            }
          }
          if (next == NULL) {
            break;
          }
          last = next;
        }
        Node* phi = NULL;
        for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
          Node* uu = fast_out(j);
          if (uu->is_Phi()) {
            Node* be = uu->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
            if (be->is_Store() && old_new[be->_idx] != NULL) {
              assert(false, "store on the backedge + sunk stores: unsupported");
              // drop outer loop
              IfNode* outer_le = outer_loop_end();
              Node* iff = igvn->transform(new IfNode(outer_le->in(0), outer_le->in(1), outer_le->_prob, outer_le->_fcnt));
              igvn->replace_node(outer_le, iff);
              inner_cl->clear_strip_mined();
              return;
            }
            if (be == last || be == first->in(MemNode::Memory)) {
              assert(phi == NULL, "only one phi");
              phi = uu;
            }
          }
        }
#ifdef ASSERT
        for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
          Node* uu = fast_out(j);
          if (uu->is_Phi() && uu->bottom_type() == Type::MEMORY) {
            if (uu->adr_type() == igvn->C->get_adr_type(igvn->C->get_alias_index(u->adr_type()))) {
              assert(phi == uu, "what's that phi?");
            } else if (uu->adr_type() == TypePtr::BOTTOM) {
              Node* n = uu->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
              uint limit = igvn->C->live_nodes();
              uint i = 0;
              while (n != uu) {
                i++;
                assert(i < limit, "infinite loop");
                if (n->is_Proj()) {
                  n = n->in(0);
                } else if (n->is_SafePoint() || n->is_MemBar()) {
                  n = n->in(TypeFunc::Memory);
                } else if (n->is_Phi()) {
                  n = n->in(1);
                } else if (n->is_MergeMem()) {
                  n = n->as_MergeMem()->memory_at(igvn->C->get_alias_index(u->adr_type()));
                } else if (n->is_Store() || n->is_LoadStore() || n->is_ClearArray()) {
                  n = n->in(MemNode::Memory);
                } else {
                  n->dump();
                  ShouldNotReachHere();
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
#endif
        if (phi == NULL) {
          // If the an entire chains was sunk, the
          // inner loop has no phi for that memory
          // slice, create one for the outer loop
          phi = PhiNode::make(this, first->in(MemNode::Memory), Type::MEMORY,
                              igvn->C->get_adr_type(igvn->C->get_alias_index(u->adr_type())));
          phi->set_req(LoopNode::LoopBackControl, last);
          phi = igvn->transform(phi);
          igvn->replace_input_of(first, MemNode::Memory, phi);
        } else {
          // Or fix the outer loop fix to include
          // that chain of stores.
          Node* be = phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl);
          assert(!(be->is_Store() && old_new[be->_idx] != NULL), "store on the backedge + sunk stores: unsupported");
          if (be == first->in(MemNode::Memory)) {
            if (be == phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl)) {
              igvn->replace_input_of(phi, LoopNode::LoopBackControl, last);
            } else {
              igvn->replace_input_of(be, MemNode::Memory, last);
            }
          } else {
#ifdef ASSERT
            if (be == phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl)) {
              assert(phi->in(LoopNode::LoopBackControl) == last, "");
            } else {
              assert(be->in(MemNode::Memory) == last, "");
            }
#endif
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if (iv_phi != NULL) {
    // Now adjust the inner loop's exit condition
    Node* limit = inner_cl->limit();
    Node* sub = NULL;
    if (stride > 0) {
      sub = igvn->transform(new SubINode(limit, iv_phi));
    } else {
      sub = igvn->transform(new SubINode(iv_phi, limit));
    }
    Node* min = igvn->transform(new MinINode(sub, igvn->intcon(scaled_iters)));
    Node* new_limit = NULL;
    if (stride > 0) {
      new_limit = igvn->transform(new AddINode(min, iv_phi));
    } else {
      new_limit = igvn->transform(new SubINode(iv_phi, min));
    }
    Node* cmp = inner_cle->cmp_node()->clone();
    igvn->replace_input_of(cmp, 2, new_limit);
    Node* bol = inner_cle->in(CountedLoopEndNode::TestValue)->clone();
    cmp->set_req(2, limit);
    bol->set_req(1, igvn->transform(cmp));
    igvn->replace_input_of(outer_loop_end(), 1, igvn->transform(bol));
  } else {
    assert(false, "should be able to adjust outer loop");
    IfNode* outer_le = outer_loop_end();
    Node* iff = igvn->transform(new IfNode(outer_le->in(0), outer_le->in(1), outer_le->_prob, outer_le->_fcnt));
    igvn->replace_node(outer_le, iff);
    inner_cl->clear_strip_mined();
  }
}

const Type* OuterStripMinedLoopEndNode::Value(PhaseGVN* phase) const {
  if (!in(0)) return Type::TOP;
  if (phase->type(in(0)) == Type::TOP)
    return Type::TOP;

  return TypeTuple::IFBOTH;
}

Node *OuterStripMinedLoopEndNode::Ideal(PhaseGVN *phase, bool can_reshape) {
  if (remove_dead_region(phase, can_reshape))  return this;

  return NULL;
}

//------------------------------filtered_type--------------------------------
// Return a type based on condition control flow
// A successful return will be a type that is restricted due
// to a series of dominating if-tests, such as:
//    if (i < 10) {
//       if (i > 0) {
//          here: "i" type is [1..10)
//       }
//    }
// or a control flow merge
//    if (i < 10) {
//       do {
//          phi( , ) -- at top of loop type is [min_int..10)
//         i = ?
//       } while ( i < 10)
//
const TypeInt* PhaseIdealLoop::filtered_type( Node *n, Node* n_ctrl) {
  assert(n && n->bottom_type()->is_int(), "must be int");
  const TypeInt* filtered_t = NULL;
  if (!n->is_Phi()) {
    assert(n_ctrl != NULL || n_ctrl == C->top(), "valid control");
    filtered_t = filtered_type_from_dominators(n, n_ctrl);

  } else {
    Node* phi    = n->as_Phi();
    Node* region = phi->in(0);
    assert(n_ctrl == NULL || n_ctrl == region, "ctrl parameter must be region");
    if (region && region != C->top()) {
      for (uint i = 1; i < phi->req(); i++) {
        Node* val   = phi->in(i);
        Node* use_c = region->in(i);
        const TypeInt* val_t = filtered_type_from_dominators(val, use_c);
        if (val_t != NULL) {
          if (filtered_t == NULL) {
            filtered_t = val_t;
          } else {
            filtered_t = filtered_t->meet(val_t)->is_int();
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  const TypeInt* n_t = _igvn.type(n)->is_int();
  if (filtered_t != NULL) {
    n_t = n_t->join(filtered_t)->is_int();
  }
  return n_t;
}


//------------------------------filtered_type_from_dominators--------------------------------
// Return a possibly more restrictive type for val based on condition control flow of dominators
const TypeInt* PhaseIdealLoop::filtered_type_from_dominators( Node* val, Node *use_ctrl) {
  if (val->is_Con()) {
     return val->bottom_type()->is_int();
  }
  uint if_limit = 10; // Max number of dominating if's visited
  const TypeInt* rtn_t = NULL;

  if (use_ctrl && use_ctrl != C->top()) {
    Node* val_ctrl = get_ctrl(val);
    uint val_dom_depth = dom_depth(val_ctrl);
    Node* pred = use_ctrl;
    uint if_cnt = 0;
    while (if_cnt < if_limit) {
      if ((pred->Opcode() == Op_IfTrue || pred->Opcode() == Op_IfFalse)) {
        if_cnt++;
        const TypeInt* if_t = IfNode::filtered_int_type(&_igvn, val, pred);
        if (if_t != NULL) {
          if (rtn_t == NULL) {
            rtn_t = if_t;
          } else {
            rtn_t = rtn_t->join(if_t)->is_int();
          }
        }
      }
      pred = idom(pred);
      if (pred == NULL || pred == C->top()) {
        break;
      }
      // Stop if going beyond definition block of val
      if (dom_depth(pred) < val_dom_depth) {
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return rtn_t;
}


//------------------------------dump_spec--------------------------------------
// Dump special per-node info
#ifndef PRODUCT
void CountedLoopEndNode::dump_spec(outputStream *st) const {
  if( in(TestValue) != NULL && in(TestValue)->is_Bool() ) {
    BoolTest bt( test_trip()); // Added this for g++.

    st->print("[");
    bt.dump_on(st);
    st->print("]");
  }
  st->print(" ");
  IfNode::dump_spec(st);
}
#endif

//=============================================================================
//------------------------------is_member--------------------------------------
// Is 'l' a member of 'this'?
bool IdealLoopTree::is_member(const IdealLoopTree *l) const {
  while( l->_nest > _nest ) l = l->_parent;
  return l == this;
}

//------------------------------set_nest---------------------------------------
// Set loop tree nesting depth.  Accumulate _has_call bits.
int IdealLoopTree::set_nest( uint depth ) {
  _nest = depth;
  int bits = _has_call;
  if( _child ) bits |= _child->set_nest(depth+1);
  if( bits ) _has_call = 1;
  if( _next  ) bits |= _next ->set_nest(depth  );
  return bits;
}

//------------------------------split_fall_in----------------------------------
// Split out multiple fall-in edges from the loop header.  Move them to a
// private RegionNode before the loop.  This becomes the loop landing pad.
void IdealLoopTree::split_fall_in( PhaseIdealLoop *phase, int fall_in_cnt ) {
  PhaseIterGVN &igvn = phase->_igvn;
  uint i;

  // Make a new RegionNode to be the landing pad.
  Node *landing_pad = new RegionNode( fall_in_cnt+1 );
  phase->set_loop(landing_pad,_parent);
  // Gather all the fall-in control paths into the landing pad
  uint icnt = fall_in_cnt;
  uint oreq = _head->req();
  for( i = oreq-1; i>0; i-- )
    if( !phase->is_member( this, _head->in(i) ) )
      landing_pad->set_req(icnt--,_head->in(i));

  // Peel off PhiNode edges as well
  for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = _head->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
    Node *oj = _head->fast_out(j);
    if( oj->is_Phi() ) {
      PhiNode* old_phi = oj->as_Phi();
      assert( old_phi->region() == _head, "" );
      igvn.hash_delete(old_phi);   // Yank from hash before hacking edges
      Node *p = PhiNode::make_blank(landing_pad, old_phi);
      uint icnt = fall_in_cnt;
      for( i = oreq-1; i>0; i-- ) {
        if( !phase->is_member( this, _head->in(i) ) ) {
          p->init_req(icnt--, old_phi->in(i));
          // Go ahead and clean out old edges from old phi
          old_phi->del_req(i);
        }
      }
      // Search for CSE's here, because ZKM.jar does a lot of
      // loop hackery and we need to be a little incremental
      // with the CSE to avoid O(N^2) node blow-up.
      Node *p2 = igvn.hash_find_insert(p); // Look for a CSE
      if( p2 ) {                // Found CSE
        p->destruct();          // Recover useless new node
        p = p2;                 // Use old node
      } else {
        igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(p, old_phi);
      }
      // Make old Phi refer to new Phi.
      old_phi->add_req(p);
      // Check for the special case of making the old phi useless and
      // disappear it.  In JavaGrande I have a case where this useless
      // Phi is the loop limit and prevents recognizing a CountedLoop
      // which in turn prevents removing an empty loop.
      Node *id_old_phi = old_phi->Identity( &igvn );
      if( id_old_phi != old_phi ) { // Found a simple identity?
        // Note that I cannot call 'replace_node' here, because
        // that will yank the edge from old_phi to the Region and
        // I'm mid-iteration over the Region's uses.
        for (DUIterator_Last imin, i = old_phi->last_outs(imin); i >= imin; ) {
          Node* use = old_phi->last_out(i);
          igvn.rehash_node_delayed(use);
          uint uses_found = 0;
          for (uint j = 0; j < use->len(); j++) {
            if (use->in(j) == old_phi) {
              if (j < use->req()) use->set_req (j, id_old_phi);
              else                use->set_prec(j, id_old_phi);
              uses_found++;
            }
          }
          i -= uses_found;    // we deleted 1 or more copies of this edge
        }
      }
      igvn._worklist.push(old_phi);
    }
  }
  // Finally clean out the fall-in edges from the RegionNode
  for( i = oreq-1; i>0; i-- ) {
    if( !phase->is_member( this, _head->in(i) ) ) {
      _head->del_req(i);
    }
  }
  igvn.rehash_node_delayed(_head);
  // Transform landing pad
  igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(landing_pad, _head);
  // Insert landing pad into the header
  _head->add_req(landing_pad);
}

//------------------------------split_outer_loop-------------------------------
// Split out the outermost loop from this shared header.
void IdealLoopTree::split_outer_loop( PhaseIdealLoop *phase ) {
  PhaseIterGVN &igvn = phase->_igvn;

  // Find index of outermost loop; it should also be my tail.
  uint outer_idx = 1;
  while( _head->in(outer_idx) != _tail ) outer_idx++;

  // Make a LoopNode for the outermost loop.
  Node *ctl = _head->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
  Node *outer = new LoopNode( ctl, _head->in(outer_idx) );
  outer = igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(outer, _head);
  phase->set_created_loop_node();

  // Outermost loop falls into '_head' loop
  _head->set_req(LoopNode::EntryControl, outer);
  _head->del_req(outer_idx);
  // Split all the Phis up between '_head' loop and 'outer' loop.
  for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = _head->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
    Node *out = _head->fast_out(j);
    if( out->is_Phi() ) {
      PhiNode *old_phi = out->as_Phi();
      assert( old_phi->region() == _head, "" );
      Node *phi = PhiNode::make_blank(outer, old_phi);
      phi->init_req(LoopNode::EntryControl,    old_phi->in(LoopNode::EntryControl));
      phi->init_req(LoopNode::LoopBackControl, old_phi->in(outer_idx));
      phi = igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(phi, old_phi);
      // Make old Phi point to new Phi on the fall-in path
      igvn.replace_input_of(old_phi, LoopNode::EntryControl, phi);
      old_phi->del_req(outer_idx);
    }
  }

  // Use the new loop head instead of the old shared one
  _head = outer;
  phase->set_loop(_head, this);
}

//------------------------------fix_parent-------------------------------------
static void fix_parent( IdealLoopTree *loop, IdealLoopTree *parent ) {
  loop->_parent = parent;
  if( loop->_child ) fix_parent( loop->_child, loop   );
  if( loop->_next  ) fix_parent( loop->_next , parent );
}

//------------------------------estimate_path_freq-----------------------------
static float estimate_path_freq( Node *n ) {
  // Try to extract some path frequency info
  IfNode *iff;
  for( int i = 0; i < 50; i++ ) { // Skip through a bunch of uncommon tests
    uint nop = n->Opcode();
    if( nop == Op_SafePoint ) {   // Skip any safepoint
      n = n->in(0);
      continue;
    }
    if( nop == Op_CatchProj ) {   // Get count from a prior call
      // Assume call does not always throw exceptions: means the call-site
      // count is also the frequency of the fall-through path.
      assert( n->is_CatchProj(), "" );
      if( ((CatchProjNode*)n)->_con != CatchProjNode::fall_through_index )
        return 0.0f;            // Assume call exception path is rare
      Node *call = n->in(0)->in(0)->in(0);
      assert( call->is_Call(), "expect a call here" );
      const JVMState *jvms = ((CallNode*)call)->jvms();
      ciMethodData* methodData = jvms->method()->method_data();
      if (!methodData->is_mature())  return 0.0f; // No call-site data
      ciProfileData* data = methodData->bci_to_data(jvms->bci());
      if ((data == NULL) || !data->is_CounterData()) {
        // no call profile available, try call's control input
        n = n->in(0);
        continue;
      }
      return data->as_CounterData()->count()/FreqCountInvocations;
    }
    // See if there's a gating IF test
    Node *n_c = n->in(0);
    if( !n_c->is_If() ) break;       // No estimate available
    iff = n_c->as_If();
    if( iff->_fcnt != COUNT_UNKNOWN )   // Have a valid count?
      // Compute how much count comes on this path
      return ((nop == Op_IfTrue) ? iff->_prob : 1.0f - iff->_prob) * iff->_fcnt;
    // Have no count info.  Skip dull uncommon-trap like branches.
    if( (nop == Op_IfTrue  && iff->_prob < PROB_LIKELY_MAG(5)) ||
        (nop == Op_IfFalse && iff->_prob > PROB_UNLIKELY_MAG(5)) )
      break;
    // Skip through never-taken branch; look for a real loop exit.
    n = iff->in(0);
  }
  return 0.0f;                  // No estimate available
}

//------------------------------merge_many_backedges---------------------------
// Merge all the backedges from the shared header into a private Region.
// Feed that region as the one backedge to this loop.
void IdealLoopTree::merge_many_backedges( PhaseIdealLoop *phase ) {
  uint i;

  // Scan for the top 2 hottest backedges
  float hotcnt = 0.0f;
  float warmcnt = 0.0f;
  uint hot_idx = 0;
  // Loop starts at 2 because slot 1 is the fall-in path
  for( i = 2; i < _head->req(); i++ ) {
    float cnt = estimate_path_freq(_head->in(i));
    if( cnt > hotcnt ) {       // Grab hottest path
      warmcnt = hotcnt;
      hotcnt = cnt;
      hot_idx = i;
    } else if( cnt > warmcnt ) { // And 2nd hottest path
      warmcnt = cnt;
    }
  }

  // See if the hottest backedge is worthy of being an inner loop
  // by being much hotter than the next hottest backedge.
  if( hotcnt <= 0.0001 ||
      hotcnt < 2.0*warmcnt ) hot_idx = 0;// No hot backedge

  // Peel out the backedges into a private merge point; peel
  // them all except optionally hot_idx.
  PhaseIterGVN &igvn = phase->_igvn;

  Node *hot_tail = NULL;
  // Make a Region for the merge point
  Node *r = new RegionNode(1);
  for( i = 2; i < _head->req(); i++ ) {
    if( i != hot_idx )
      r->add_req( _head->in(i) );
    else hot_tail = _head->in(i);
  }
  igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(r, _head);
  // Plug region into end of loop _head, followed by hot_tail
  while( _head->req() > 3 ) _head->del_req( _head->req()-1 );
  igvn.replace_input_of(_head, 2, r);
  if( hot_idx ) _head->add_req(hot_tail);

  // Split all the Phis up between '_head' loop and the Region 'r'
  for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = _head->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
    Node *out = _head->fast_out(j);
    if( out->is_Phi() ) {
      PhiNode* n = out->as_Phi();
      igvn.hash_delete(n);      // Delete from hash before hacking edges
      Node *hot_phi = NULL;
      Node *phi = new PhiNode(r, n->type(), n->adr_type());
      // Check all inputs for the ones to peel out
      uint j = 1;
      for( uint i = 2; i < n->req(); i++ ) {
        if( i != hot_idx )
          phi->set_req( j++, n->in(i) );
        else hot_phi = n->in(i);
      }
      // Register the phi but do not transform until whole place transforms
      igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(phi, n);
      // Add the merge phi to the old Phi
      while( n->req() > 3 ) n->del_req( n->req()-1 );
      igvn.replace_input_of(n, 2, phi);
      if( hot_idx ) n->add_req(hot_phi);
    }
  }


  // Insert a new IdealLoopTree inserted below me.  Turn it into a clone
  // of self loop tree.  Turn self into a loop headed by _head and with
  // tail being the new merge point.
  IdealLoopTree *ilt = new IdealLoopTree( phase, _head, _tail );
  phase->set_loop(_tail,ilt);   // Adjust tail
  _tail = r;                    // Self's tail is new merge point
  phase->set_loop(r,this);
  ilt->_child = _child;         // New guy has my children
  _child = ilt;                 // Self has new guy as only child
  ilt->_parent = this;          // new guy has self for parent
  ilt->_nest = _nest;           // Same nesting depth (for now)

  // Starting with 'ilt', look for child loop trees using the same shared
  // header.  Flatten these out; they will no longer be loops in the end.
  IdealLoopTree **pilt = &_child;
  while( ilt ) {
    if( ilt->_head == _head ) {
      uint i;
      for( i = 2; i < _head->req(); i++ )
        if( _head->in(i) == ilt->_tail )
          break;                // Still a loop
      if( i == _head->req() ) { // No longer a loop
        // Flatten ilt.  Hang ilt's "_next" list from the end of
        // ilt's '_child' list.  Move the ilt's _child up to replace ilt.
        IdealLoopTree **cp = &ilt->_child;
        while( *cp ) cp = &(*cp)->_next;   // Find end of child list
        *cp = ilt->_next;       // Hang next list at end of child list
        *pilt = ilt->_child;    // Move child up to replace ilt
        ilt->_head = NULL;      // Flag as a loop UNIONED into parent
        ilt = ilt->_child;      // Repeat using new ilt
        continue;               // do not advance over ilt->_child
      }
      assert( ilt->_tail == hot_tail, "expected to only find the hot inner loop here" );
      phase->set_loop(_head,ilt);
    }
    pilt = &ilt->_child;        // Advance to next
    ilt = *pilt;
  }

  if( _child ) fix_parent( _child, this );
}

//------------------------------beautify_loops---------------------------------
// Split shared headers and insert loop landing pads.
// Insert a LoopNode to replace the RegionNode.
// Return TRUE if loop tree is structurally changed.
bool IdealLoopTree::beautify_loops( PhaseIdealLoop *phase ) {
  bool result = false;
  // Cache parts in locals for easy
  PhaseIterGVN &igvn = phase->_igvn;

  igvn.hash_delete(_head);      // Yank from hash before hacking edges

  // Check for multiple fall-in paths.  Peel off a landing pad if need be.
  int fall_in_cnt = 0;
  for( uint i = 1; i < _head->req(); i++ )
    if( !phase->is_member( this, _head->in(i) ) )
      fall_in_cnt++;
  assert( fall_in_cnt, "at least 1 fall-in path" );
  if( fall_in_cnt > 1 )         // Need a loop landing pad to merge fall-ins
    split_fall_in( phase, fall_in_cnt );

  // Swap inputs to the _head and all Phis to move the fall-in edge to
  // the left.
  fall_in_cnt = 1;
  while( phase->is_member( this, _head->in(fall_in_cnt) ) )
    fall_in_cnt++;
  if( fall_in_cnt > 1 ) {
    // Since I am just swapping inputs I do not need to update def-use info
    Node *tmp = _head->in(1);
    igvn.rehash_node_delayed(_head);
    _head->set_req( 1, _head->in(fall_in_cnt) );
    _head->set_req( fall_in_cnt, tmp );
    // Swap also all Phis
    for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = _head->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
      Node* phi = _head->fast_out(i);
      if( phi->is_Phi() ) {
        igvn.rehash_node_delayed(phi); // Yank from hash before hacking edges
        tmp = phi->in(1);
        phi->set_req( 1, phi->in(fall_in_cnt) );
        phi->set_req( fall_in_cnt, tmp );
      }
    }
  }
  assert( !phase->is_member( this, _head->in(1) ), "left edge is fall-in" );
  assert(  phase->is_member( this, _head->in(2) ), "right edge is loop" );

  // If I am a shared header (multiple backedges), peel off the many
  // backedges into a private merge point and use the merge point as
  // the one true backedge.
  if( _head->req() > 3 ) {
    // Merge the many backedges into a single backedge but leave
    // the hottest backedge as separate edge for the following peel.
    merge_many_backedges( phase );
    result = true;
  }

  // If I have one hot backedge, peel off myself loop.
  // I better be the outermost loop.
  if (_head->req() > 3 && !_irreducible) {
    split_outer_loop( phase );
    result = true;

  } else if (!_head->is_Loop() && !_irreducible) {
    // Make a new LoopNode to replace the old loop head
    Node *l = new LoopNode( _head->in(1), _head->in(2) );
    l = igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(l, _head);
    phase->set_created_loop_node();
    // Go ahead and replace _head
    phase->_igvn.replace_node( _head, l );
    _head = l;
    phase->set_loop(_head, this);
  }

  // Now recursively beautify nested loops
  if( _child ) result |= _child->beautify_loops( phase );
  if( _next  ) result |= _next ->beautify_loops( phase );
  return result;
}

//------------------------------allpaths_check_safepts----------------------------
// Allpaths backwards scan from loop tail, terminating each path at first safepoint
// encountered.  Helper for check_safepts.
void IdealLoopTree::allpaths_check_safepts(VectorSet &visited, Node_List &stack) {
  assert(stack.size() == 0, "empty stack");
  stack.push(_tail);
  visited.Clear();
  visited.set(_tail->_idx);
  while (stack.size() > 0) {
    Node* n = stack.pop();
    if (n->is_Call() && n->as_Call()->guaranteed_safepoint()) {
      // Terminate this path
    } else if (n->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint) {
      if (_phase->get_loop(n) != this) {
        if (_required_safept == NULL) _required_safept = new Node_List();
        _required_safept->push(n);  // save the one closest to the tail
      }
      // Terminate this path
    } else {
      uint start = n->is_Region() ? 1 : 0;
      uint end   = n->is_Region() && !n->is_Loop() ? n->req() : start + 1;
      for (uint i = start; i < end; i++) {
        Node* in = n->in(i);
        assert(in->is_CFG(), "must be");
        if (!visited.test_set(in->_idx) && is_member(_phase->get_loop(in))) {
          stack.push(in);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

//------------------------------check_safepts----------------------------
// Given dominators, try to find loops with calls that must always be
// executed (call dominates loop tail).  These loops do not need non-call
// safepoints (ncsfpt).
//
// A complication is that a safepoint in a inner loop may be needed
// by an outer loop. In the following, the inner loop sees it has a
// call (block 3) on every path from the head (block 2) to the
// backedge (arc 3->2).  So it deletes the ncsfpt (non-call safepoint)
// in block 2, _but_ this leaves the outer loop without a safepoint.
//
//          entry  0
//                 |
//                 v
// outer 1,2    +->1
//              |  |
//              |  v
//              |  2<---+  ncsfpt in 2
//              |_/|\   |
//                 | v  |
// inner 2,3      /  3  |  call in 3
//               /   |  |
//              v    +--+
//        exit  4
//
//
// This method creates a list (_required_safept) of ncsfpt nodes that must
// be protected is created for each loop. When a ncsfpt maybe deleted, it
// is first looked for in the lists for the outer loops of the current loop.
//
// The insights into the problem:
//  A) counted loops are okay
//  B) innermost loops are okay (only an inner loop can delete
//     a ncsfpt needed by an outer loop)
//  C) a loop is immune from an inner loop deleting a safepoint
//     if the loop has a call on the idom-path
//  D) a loop is also immune if it has a ncsfpt (non-call safepoint) on the
//     idom-path that is not in a nested loop
//  E) otherwise, an ncsfpt on the idom-path that is nested in an inner
//     loop needs to be prevented from deletion by an inner loop
//
// There are two analyses:
//  1) The first, and cheaper one, scans the loop body from
//     tail to head following the idom (immediate dominator)
//     chain, looking for the cases (C,D,E) above.
//     Since inner loops are scanned before outer loops, there is summary
//     information about inner loops.  Inner loops can be skipped over
//     when the tail of an inner loop is encountered.
//
//  2) The second, invoked if the first fails to find a call or ncsfpt on
//     the idom path (which is rare), scans all predecessor control paths
//     from the tail to the head, terminating a path when a call or sfpt
//     is encountered, to find the ncsfpt's that are closest to the tail.
//
void IdealLoopTree::check_safepts(VectorSet &visited, Node_List &stack) {
  // Bottom up traversal
  IdealLoopTree* ch = _child;
  if (_child) _child->check_safepts(visited, stack);
  if (_next)  _next ->check_safepts(visited, stack);

  if (!_head->is_CountedLoop() && !_has_sfpt && _parent != NULL && !_irreducible) {
    bool  has_call         = false; // call on dom-path
    bool  has_local_ncsfpt = false; // ncsfpt on dom-path at this loop depth
    Node* nonlocal_ncsfpt  = NULL;  // ncsfpt on dom-path at a deeper depth
    // Scan the dom-path nodes from tail to head
    for (Node* n = tail(); n != _head; n = _phase->idom(n)) {
      if (n->is_Call() && n->as_Call()->guaranteed_safepoint()) {
        has_call = true;
        _has_sfpt = 1;          // Then no need for a safept!
        break;
      } else if (n->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint) {
        if (_phase->get_loop(n) == this) {
          has_local_ncsfpt = true;
          break;
        }
        if (nonlocal_ncsfpt == NULL) {
          nonlocal_ncsfpt = n; // save the one closest to the tail
        }
      } else {
        IdealLoopTree* nlpt = _phase->get_loop(n);
        if (this != nlpt) {
          // If at an inner loop tail, see if the inner loop has already
          // recorded seeing a call on the dom-path (and stop.)  If not,
          // jump to the head of the inner loop.
          assert(is_member(nlpt), "nested loop");
          Node* tail = nlpt->_tail;
          if (tail->in(0)->is_If()) tail = tail->in(0);
          if (n == tail) {
            // If inner loop has call on dom-path, so does outer loop
            if (nlpt->_has_sfpt) {
              has_call = true;
              _has_sfpt = 1;
              break;
            }
            // Skip to head of inner loop
            assert(_phase->is_dominator(_head, nlpt->_head), "inner head dominated by outer head");
            n = nlpt->_head;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    // Record safept's that this loop needs preserved when an
    // inner loop attempts to delete it's safepoints.
    if (_child != NULL && !has_call && !has_local_ncsfpt) {
      if (nonlocal_ncsfpt != NULL) {
        if (_required_safept == NULL) _required_safept = new Node_List();
        _required_safept->push(nonlocal_ncsfpt);
      } else {
        // Failed to find a suitable safept on the dom-path.  Now use
        // an all paths walk from tail to head, looking for safepoints to preserve.
        allpaths_check_safepts(visited, stack);
      }
    }
  }
}

//---------------------------is_deleteable_safept----------------------------
// Is safept not required by an outer loop?
bool PhaseIdealLoop::is_deleteable_safept(Node* sfpt) {
  assert(sfpt->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint, "");
  IdealLoopTree* lp = get_loop(sfpt)->_parent;
  while (lp != NULL) {
    Node_List* sfpts = lp->_required_safept;
    if (sfpts != NULL) {
      for (uint i = 0; i < sfpts->size(); i++) {
        if (sfpt == sfpts->at(i))
          return false;
      }
    }
    lp = lp->_parent;
  }
  return true;
}

//---------------------------replace_parallel_iv-------------------------------
// Replace parallel induction variable (parallel to trip counter)
void PhaseIdealLoop::replace_parallel_iv(IdealLoopTree *loop) {
  assert(loop->_head->is_CountedLoop(), "");
  CountedLoopNode *cl = loop->_head->as_CountedLoop();
  if (!cl->is_valid_counted_loop())
    return;         // skip malformed counted loop
  Node *incr = cl->incr();
  if (incr == NULL)
    return;         // Dead loop?
  Node *init = cl->init_trip();
  Node *phi  = cl->phi();
  int stride_con = cl->stride_con();

  // Visit all children, looking for Phis
  for (DUIterator i = cl->outs(); cl->has_out(i); i++) {
    Node *out = cl->out(i);
    // Look for other phis (secondary IVs). Skip dead ones
    if (!out->is_Phi() || out == phi || !has_node(out))
      continue;
    PhiNode* phi2 = out->as_Phi();
    Node *incr2 = phi2->in( LoopNode::LoopBackControl );
    // Look for induction variables of the form:  X += constant
    if (phi2->region() != loop->_head ||
        incr2->req() != 3 ||
        incr2->in(1) != phi2 ||
        incr2 == incr ||
        incr2->Opcode() != Op_AddI ||
        !incr2->in(2)->is_Con())
      continue;

    // Check for parallel induction variable (parallel to trip counter)
    // via an affine function.  In particular, count-down loops with
    // count-up array indices are common. We only RCE references off
    // the trip-counter, so we need to convert all these to trip-counter
    // expressions.
    Node *init2 = phi2->in( LoopNode::EntryControl );
    int stride_con2 = incr2->in(2)->get_int();

    // The ratio of the two strides cannot be represented as an int
    // if stride_con2 is min_int and stride_con is -1.
    if (stride_con2 == min_jint && stride_con == -1) {
      continue;
    }

    // The general case here gets a little tricky.  We want to find the
    // GCD of all possible parallel IV's and make a new IV using this
    // GCD for the loop.  Then all possible IVs are simple multiples of
    // the GCD.  In practice, this will cover very few extra loops.
    // Instead we require 'stride_con2' to be a multiple of 'stride_con',
    // where +/-1 is the common case, but other integer multiples are
    // also easy to handle.
    int ratio_con = stride_con2/stride_con;

    if ((ratio_con * stride_con) == stride_con2) { // Check for exact
#ifndef PRODUCT
      if (TraceLoopOpts) {
        tty->print("Parallel IV: %d ", phi2->_idx);
        loop->dump_head();
      }
#endif
      // Convert to using the trip counter.  The parallel induction
      // variable differs from the trip counter by a loop-invariant
      // amount, the difference between their respective initial values.
      // It is scaled by the 'ratio_con'.
      Node* ratio = _igvn.intcon(ratio_con);
      set_ctrl(ratio, C->root());
      Node* ratio_init = new MulINode(init, ratio);
      _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(ratio_init, init);
      set_early_ctrl(ratio_init);
      Node* diff = new SubINode(init2, ratio_init);
      _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(diff, init2);
      set_early_ctrl(diff);
      Node* ratio_idx = new MulINode(phi, ratio);
      _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(ratio_idx, phi);
      set_ctrl(ratio_idx, cl);
      Node* add = new AddINode(ratio_idx, diff);
      _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(add);
      set_ctrl(add, cl);
      _igvn.replace_node( phi2, add );
      // Sometimes an induction variable is unused
      if (add->outcnt() == 0) {
        _igvn.remove_dead_node(add);
      }
      --i; // deleted this phi; rescan starting with next position
      continue;
    }
  }
}

void IdealLoopTree::remove_safepoints(PhaseIdealLoop* phase, bool keep_one) {
  Node* keep = NULL;
  if (keep_one) {
    // Look for a safepoint on the idom-path.
    for (Node* i = tail(); i != _head; i = phase->idom(i)) {
      if (i->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint && phase->get_loop(i) == this) {
        keep = i;
        break; // Found one
      }
    }
  }

  // Don't remove any safepoints if it is requested to keep a single safepoint and
  // no safepoint was found on idom-path. It is not safe to remove any safepoint
  // in this case since there's no safepoint dominating all paths in the loop body.
  bool prune = !keep_one || keep != NULL;

  // Delete other safepoints in this loop.
  Node_List* sfpts = _safepts;
  if (prune && sfpts != NULL) {
    assert(keep == NULL || keep->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint, "not safepoint");
    for (uint i = 0; i < sfpts->size(); i++) {
      Node* n = sfpts->at(i);
      assert(phase->get_loop(n) == this, "");
      if (n != keep && phase->is_deleteable_safept(n)) {
        phase->lazy_replace(n, n->in(TypeFunc::Control));
      }
    }
  }
}

//------------------------------counted_loop-----------------------------------
// Convert to counted loops where possible
void IdealLoopTree::counted_loop( PhaseIdealLoop *phase ) {

  // For grins, set the inner-loop flag here
  if (!_child) {
    if (_head->is_Loop()) _head->as_Loop()->set_inner_loop();
  }

  IdealLoopTree* loop = this;
  if (_head->is_CountedLoop() ||
      phase->is_counted_loop(_head, loop)) {

    if (LoopStripMiningIter == 0 || (LoopStripMiningIter > 1 && _child == NULL)) {
      // Indicate we do not need a safepoint here
      _has_sfpt = 1;
    }

    // Remove safepoints
    bool keep_one_sfpt = !(_has_call || _has_sfpt);
    remove_safepoints(phase, keep_one_sfpt);

    // Look for induction variables
    phase->replace_parallel_iv(this);

  } else if (_parent != NULL && !_irreducible) {
    // Not a counted loop. Keep one safepoint.
    bool keep_one_sfpt = true;
    remove_safepoints(phase, keep_one_sfpt);
  }

  // Recursively
  assert(loop->_child != this || (loop->_head->as_Loop()->is_OuterStripMinedLoop() && _head->as_CountedLoop()->is_strip_mined()), "what kind of loop was added?");
  assert(loop->_child != this || (loop->_child->_child == NULL && loop->_child->_next == NULL), "would miss some loops");
  if (loop->_child && loop->_child != this) loop->_child->counted_loop(phase);
  if (loop->_next)  loop->_next ->counted_loop(phase);
}

#ifndef PRODUCT
//------------------------------dump_head--------------------------------------
// Dump 1 liner for loop header info
void IdealLoopTree::dump_head( ) const {
  for (uint i=0; i<_nest; i++)
    tty->print("  ");
  tty->print("Loop: N%d/N%d ",_head->_idx,_tail->_idx);
  if (_irreducible) tty->print(" IRREDUCIBLE");
  Node* entry = _head->as_Loop()->skip_strip_mined(-1)->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
  Node* predicate = PhaseIdealLoop::find_predicate_insertion_point(entry, Deoptimization::Reason_loop_limit_check);
  if (predicate != NULL ) {
    tty->print(" limit_check");
    entry = entry->in(0)->in(0);
  }
  if (UseLoopPredicate) {
    entry = PhaseIdealLoop::find_predicate_insertion_point(entry, Deoptimization::Reason_predicate);
    if (entry != NULL) {
      tty->print(" predicated");
    }
  }
  if (_head->is_CountedLoop()) {
    CountedLoopNode *cl = _head->as_CountedLoop();
    tty->print(" counted");

    Node* init_n = cl->init_trip();
    if (init_n  != NULL &&  init_n->is_Con())
      tty->print(" [%d,", cl->init_trip()->get_int());
    else
      tty->print(" [int,");
    Node* limit_n = cl->limit();
    if (limit_n  != NULL &&  limit_n->is_Con())
      tty->print("%d),", cl->limit()->get_int());
    else
      tty->print("int),");
    int stride_con  = cl->stride_con();
    if (stride_con > 0) tty->print("+");
    tty->print("%d", stride_con);

    tty->print(" (%0.f iters) ", cl->profile_trip_cnt());

    if (cl->is_pre_loop ()) tty->print(" pre" );
    if (cl->is_main_loop()) tty->print(" main");
    if (cl->is_post_loop()) tty->print(" post");
    if (cl->is_vectorized_loop()) tty->print(" vector");
    if (cl->range_checks_present()) tty->print(" rc ");
    if (cl->is_multiversioned()) tty->print(" multi ");
  }
  if (_has_call) tty->print(" has_call");
  if (_has_sfpt) tty->print(" has_sfpt");
  if (_rce_candidate) tty->print(" rce");
  if (_safepts != NULL && _safepts->size() > 0) {
    tty->print(" sfpts={"); _safepts->dump_simple(); tty->print(" }");
  }
  if (_required_safept != NULL && _required_safept->size() > 0) {
    tty->print(" req={"); _required_safept->dump_simple(); tty->print(" }");
  }
  if (Verbose) {
    tty->print(" body={"); _body.dump_simple(); tty->print(" }");
  }
  if (_head->as_Loop()->is_strip_mined()) {
    tty->print(" strip_mined");
  }
  tty->cr();
}

//------------------------------dump-------------------------------------------
// Dump loops by loop tree
void IdealLoopTree::dump( ) const {
  dump_head();
  if (_child) _child->dump();
  if (_next)  _next ->dump();
}

#endif

static void log_loop_tree(IdealLoopTree* root, IdealLoopTree* loop, CompileLog* log) {
  if (loop == root) {
    if (loop->_child != NULL) {
      log->begin_head("loop_tree");
      log->end_head();
      if( loop->_child ) log_loop_tree(root, loop->_child, log);
      log->tail("loop_tree");
      assert(loop->_next == NULL, "what?");
    }
  } else {
    Node* head = loop->_head;
    log->begin_head("loop");
    log->print(" idx='%d' ", head->_idx);
    if (loop->_irreducible) log->print("irreducible='1' ");
    if (head->is_Loop()) {
      if (head->as_Loop()->is_inner_loop()) log->print("inner_loop='1' ");
      if (head->as_Loop()->is_partial_peel_loop()) log->print("partial_peel_loop='1' ");
    }
    if (head->is_CountedLoop()) {
      CountedLoopNode* cl = head->as_CountedLoop();
      if (cl->is_pre_loop())  log->print("pre_loop='%d' ",  cl->main_idx());
      if (cl->is_main_loop()) log->print("main_loop='%d' ", cl->_idx);
      if (cl->is_post_loop()) log->print("post_loop='%d' ",  cl->main_idx());
    }
    log->end_head();
    if( loop->_child ) log_loop_tree(root, loop->_child, log);
    log->tail("loop");
    if( loop->_next  ) log_loop_tree(root, loop->_next, log);
  }
}

//---------------------collect_potentially_useful_predicates-----------------------
// Helper function to collect potentially useful predicates to prevent them from
// being eliminated by PhaseIdealLoop::eliminate_useless_predicates
void PhaseIdealLoop::collect_potentially_useful_predicates(
                         IdealLoopTree * loop, Unique_Node_List &useful_predicates) {
  if (loop->_child) { // child
    collect_potentially_useful_predicates(loop->_child, useful_predicates);
  }

  // self (only loops that we can apply loop predication may use their predicates)
  if (loop->_head->is_Loop() &&
      !loop->_irreducible    &&
      !loop->tail()->is_top()) {
    LoopNode* lpn = loop->_head->as_Loop();
    Node* entry = lpn->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
    Node* predicate_proj = find_predicate(entry); // loop_limit_check first
    if (predicate_proj != NULL ) { // right pattern that can be used by loop predication
      assert(entry->in(0)->in(1)->in(1)->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1, "must be");
      useful_predicates.push(entry->in(0)->in(1)->in(1)); // good one
      entry = entry->in(0)->in(0);
    }
    predicate_proj = find_predicate(entry); // Predicate
    if (predicate_proj != NULL ) {
      useful_predicates.push(entry->in(0)->in(1)->in(1)); // good one
    }
  }

  if (loop->_next) { // sibling
    collect_potentially_useful_predicates(loop->_next, useful_predicates);
  }
}

//------------------------eliminate_useless_predicates-----------------------------
// Eliminate all inserted predicates if they could not be used by loop predication.
// Note: it will also eliminates loop limits check predicate since it also uses
// Opaque1 node (see Parse::add_predicate()).
void PhaseIdealLoop::eliminate_useless_predicates() {
  if (C->predicate_count() == 0)
    return; // no predicate left

  Unique_Node_List useful_predicates; // to store useful predicates
  if (C->has_loops()) {
    collect_potentially_useful_predicates(_ltree_root->_child, useful_predicates);
  }

  for (int i = C->predicate_count(); i > 0; i--) {
     Node * n = C->predicate_opaque1_node(i-1);
     assert(n->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1, "must be");
     if (!useful_predicates.member(n)) { // not in the useful list
       _igvn.replace_node(n, n->in(1));
     }
  }
}

//------------------------process_expensive_nodes-----------------------------
// Expensive nodes have their control input set to prevent the GVN
// from commoning them and as a result forcing the resulting node to
// be in a more frequent path. Use CFG information here, to change the
// control inputs so that some expensive nodes can be commoned while
// not executed more frequently.
bool PhaseIdealLoop::process_expensive_nodes() {
  assert(OptimizeExpensiveOps, "optimization off?");

  // Sort nodes to bring similar nodes together
  C->sort_expensive_nodes();

  bool progress = false;

  for (int i = 0; i < C->expensive_count(); ) {
    Node* n = C->expensive_node(i);
    int start = i;
    // Find nodes similar to n
    i++;
    for (; i < C->expensive_count() && Compile::cmp_expensive_nodes(n, C->expensive_node(i)) == 0; i++);
    int end = i;
    // And compare them two by two
    for (int j = start; j < end; j++) {
      Node* n1 = C->expensive_node(j);
      if (is_node_unreachable(n1)) {
        continue;
      }
      for (int k = j+1; k < end; k++) {
        Node* n2 = C->expensive_node(k);
        if (is_node_unreachable(n2)) {
          continue;
        }

        assert(n1 != n2, "should be pair of nodes");

        Node* c1 = n1->in(0);
        Node* c2 = n2->in(0);

        Node* parent_c1 = c1;
        Node* parent_c2 = c2;

        // The call to get_early_ctrl_for_expensive() moves the
        // expensive nodes up but stops at loops that are in a if
        // branch. See whether we can exit the loop and move above the
        // If.
        if (c1->is_Loop()) {
          parent_c1 = c1->in(1);
        }
        if (c2->is_Loop()) {
          parent_c2 = c2->in(1);
        }

        if (parent_c1 == parent_c2) {
          _igvn._worklist.push(n1);
          _igvn._worklist.push(n2);
          continue;
        }

        // Look for identical expensive node up the dominator chain.
        if (is_dominator(c1, c2)) {
          c2 = c1;
        } else if (is_dominator(c2, c1)) {
          c1 = c2;
        } else if (parent_c1->is_Proj() && parent_c1->in(0)->is_If() &&
                   parent_c2->is_Proj() && parent_c1->in(0) == parent_c2->in(0)) {
          // Both branches have the same expensive node so move it up
          // before the if.
          c1 = c2 = idom(parent_c1->in(0));
        }
        // Do the actual moves
        if (n1->in(0) != c1) {
          _igvn.hash_delete(n1);
          n1->set_req(0, c1);
          _igvn.hash_insert(n1);
          _igvn._worklist.push(n1);
          progress = true;
        }
        if (n2->in(0) != c2) {
          _igvn.hash_delete(n2);
          n2->set_req(0, c2);
          _igvn.hash_insert(n2);
          _igvn._worklist.push(n2);
          progress = true;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  return progress;
}


//=============================================================================
//----------------------------build_and_optimize-------------------------------
// Create a PhaseLoop.  Build the ideal Loop tree.  Map each Ideal Node to
// its corresponding LoopNode.  If 'optimize' is true, do some loop cleanups.
void PhaseIdealLoop::build_and_optimize(bool do_split_ifs, bool skip_loop_opts) {
  ResourceMark rm;

  int old_progress = C->major_progress();
  uint orig_worklist_size = _igvn._worklist.size();

  // Reset major-progress flag for the driver's heuristics
  C->clear_major_progress();

#ifndef PRODUCT
  // Capture for later assert
  uint unique = C->unique();
  _loop_invokes++;
  _loop_work += unique;
#endif

  // True if the method has at least 1 irreducible loop
  _has_irreducible_loops = false;

  _created_loop_node = false;

  Arena *a = Thread::current()->resource_area();
  VectorSet visited(a);
  // Pre-grow the mapping from Nodes to IdealLoopTrees.
  _nodes.map(C->unique(), NULL);
  memset(_nodes.adr(), 0, wordSize * C->unique());

  // Pre-build the top-level outermost loop tree entry
  _ltree_root = new IdealLoopTree( this, C->root(), C->root() );
  // Do not need a safepoint at the top level
  _ltree_root->_has_sfpt = 1;

  // Initialize Dominators.
  // Checked in clone_loop_predicate() during beautify_loops().
  _idom_size = 0;
  _idom      = NULL;
  _dom_depth = NULL;
  _dom_stk   = NULL;

  // Empty pre-order array
  allocate_preorders();

  // Build a loop tree on the fly.  Build a mapping from CFG nodes to
  // IdealLoopTree entries.  Data nodes are NOT walked.
  build_loop_tree();
  // Check for bailout, and return
  if (C->failing()) {
    return;
  }

  // No loops after all
  if( !_ltree_root->_child && !_verify_only ) C->set_has_loops(false);

  // There should always be an outer loop containing the Root and Return nodes.
  // If not, we have a degenerate empty program.  Bail out in this case.
  if (!has_node(C->root())) {
    if (!_verify_only) {
      C->clear_major_progress();
      C->record_method_not_compilable("empty program detected during loop optimization");
    }
    return;
  }

  // Nothing to do, so get out
  bool stop_early = !C->has_loops() && !skip_loop_opts && !do_split_ifs && !_verify_me && !_verify_only;
  bool do_expensive_nodes = C->should_optimize_expensive_nodes(_igvn);
  if (stop_early && !do_expensive_nodes) {
    _igvn.optimize();           // Cleanup NeverBranches
    return;
  }

  // Set loop nesting depth
  _ltree_root->set_nest( 0 );

  // Split shared headers and insert loop landing pads.
  // Do not bother doing this on the Root loop of course.
  if( !_verify_me && !_verify_only && _ltree_root->_child ) {
    C->print_method(PHASE_BEFORE_BEAUTIFY_LOOPS, 3);
    if( _ltree_root->_child->beautify_loops( this ) ) {
      // Re-build loop tree!
      _ltree_root->_child = NULL;
      _nodes.clear();
      reallocate_preorders();
      build_loop_tree();
      // Check for bailout, and return
      if (C->failing()) {
        return;
      }
      // Reset loop nesting depth
      _ltree_root->set_nest( 0 );

      C->print_method(PHASE_AFTER_BEAUTIFY_LOOPS, 3);
    }
  }

  // Build Dominators for elision of NULL checks & loop finding.
  // Since nodes do not have a slot for immediate dominator, make
  // a persistent side array for that info indexed on node->_idx.
  _idom_size = C->unique();
  _idom      = NEW_RESOURCE_ARRAY( Node*, _idom_size );
  _dom_depth = NEW_RESOURCE_ARRAY( uint,  _idom_size );
  _dom_stk   = NULL; // Allocated on demand in recompute_dom_depth
  memset( _dom_depth, 0, _idom_size * sizeof(uint) );

  Dominators();

  if (!_verify_only) {
    // As a side effect, Dominators removed any unreachable CFG paths
    // into RegionNodes.  It doesn't do this test against Root, so
    // we do it here.
    for( uint i = 1; i < C->root()->req(); i++ ) {
      if( !_nodes[C->root()->in(i)->_idx] ) {    // Dead path into Root?
        _igvn.delete_input_of(C->root(), i);
        i--;                      // Rerun same iteration on compressed edges
      }
    }

    // Given dominators, try to find inner loops with calls that must
    // always be executed (call dominates loop tail).  These loops do
    // not need a separate safepoint.
    Node_List cisstack(a);
    _ltree_root->check_safepts(visited, cisstack);
  }

  // Walk the DATA nodes and place into loops.  Find earliest control
  // node.  For CFG nodes, the _nodes array starts out and remains
  // holding the associated IdealLoopTree pointer.  For DATA nodes, the
  // _nodes array holds the earliest legal controlling CFG node.

  // Allocate stack with enough space to avoid frequent realloc
  int stack_size = (C->live_nodes() >> 1) + 16; // (live_nodes>>1)+16 from Java2D stats
  Node_Stack nstack( a, stack_size );

  visited.Clear();
  Node_List worklist(a);
  // Don't need C->root() on worklist since
  // it will be processed among C->top() inputs
  worklist.push( C->top() );
  visited.set( C->top()->_idx ); // Set C->top() as visited now
  build_loop_early( visited, worklist, nstack );

  // Given early legal placement, try finding counted loops.  This placement
  // is good enough to discover most loop invariants.
  if( !_verify_me && !_verify_only )
    _ltree_root->counted_loop( this );

  // Find latest loop placement.  Find ideal loop placement.
  visited.Clear();
  init_dom_lca_tags();
  // Need C->root() on worklist when processing outs
  worklist.push( C->root() );
  NOT_PRODUCT( C->verify_graph_edges(); )
  worklist.push( C->top() );
  build_loop_late( visited, worklist, nstack );

  if (_verify_only) {
    // restore major progress flag
    for (int i = 0; i < old_progress; i++)
      C->set_major_progress();
    assert(C->unique() == unique, "verification mode made Nodes? ? ?");
    assert(_igvn._worklist.size() == orig_worklist_size, "shouldn't push anything");
    return;
  }

  // clear out the dead code after build_loop_late
  while (_deadlist.size()) {
    _igvn.remove_globally_dead_node(_deadlist.pop());
  }

  if (stop_early) {
    assert(do_expensive_nodes, "why are we here?");
    if (process_expensive_nodes()) {
      // If we made some progress when processing expensive nodes then
      // the IGVN may modify the graph in a way that will allow us to
      // make some more progress: we need to try processing expensive
      // nodes again.
      C->set_major_progress();
    }
    _igvn.optimize();
    return;
  }

  // Some parser-inserted loop predicates could never be used by loop
  // predication or they were moved away from loop during some optimizations.
  // For example, peeling. Eliminate them before next loop optimizations.
  eliminate_useless_predicates();

#ifndef PRODUCT
  C->verify_graph_edges();
  if (_verify_me) {             // Nested verify pass?
    // Check to see if the verify mode is broken
    assert(C->unique() == unique, "non-optimize mode made Nodes? ? ?");
    return;
  }
  if(VerifyLoopOptimizations) verify();
  if(TraceLoopOpts && C->has_loops()) {
    _ltree_root->dump();
  }
#endif

  if (skip_loop_opts) {
    // restore major progress flag
    for (int i = 0; i < old_progress; i++) {
      C->set_major_progress();
    }

    // Cleanup any modified bits
    _igvn.optimize();

    if (C->log() != NULL) {
      log_loop_tree(_ltree_root, _ltree_root, C->log());
    }
    return;
  }

  if (ReassociateInvariants) {
    // Reassociate invariants and prep for split_thru_phi
    for (LoopTreeIterator iter(_ltree_root); !iter.done(); iter.next()) {
      IdealLoopTree* lpt = iter.current();
      bool is_counted = lpt->is_counted();
      if (!is_counted || !lpt->is_inner()) continue;

      // check for vectorized loops, any reassociation of invariants was already done
      if (is_counted && lpt->_head->as_CountedLoop()->do_unroll_only()) continue;

      lpt->reassociate_invariants(this);

      // Because RCE opportunities can be masked by split_thru_phi,
      // look for RCE candidates and inhibit split_thru_phi
      // on just their loop-phi's for this pass of loop opts
      if (SplitIfBlocks && do_split_ifs) {
        if (lpt->policy_range_check(this)) {
          lpt->_rce_candidate = 1; // = true
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // Check for aggressive application of split-if and other transforms
  // that require basic-block info (like cloning through Phi's)
  if( SplitIfBlocks && do_split_ifs ) {
    visited.Clear();
    split_if_with_blocks( visited, nstack );
    NOT_PRODUCT( if( VerifyLoopOptimizations ) verify(); );
  }

  if (!C->major_progress() && do_expensive_nodes && process_expensive_nodes()) {
    C->set_major_progress();
  }

  // Perform loop predication before iteration splitting
  if (C->has_loops() && !C->major_progress() && (C->predicate_count() > 0)) {
    _ltree_root->_child->loop_predication(this);
  }

  if (OptimizeFill && UseLoopPredicate && C->has_loops() && !C->major_progress()) {
    if (do_intrinsify_fill()) {
      C->set_major_progress();
    }
  }

  // Perform iteration-splitting on inner loops.  Split iterations to avoid
  // range checks or one-shot null checks.

  // If split-if's didn't hack the graph too bad (no CFG changes)
  // then do loop opts.
  if (C->has_loops() && !C->major_progress()) {
    memset( worklist.adr(), 0, worklist.Size()*sizeof(Node*) );
    _ltree_root->_child->iteration_split( this, worklist );
    // No verify after peeling!  GCM has hoisted code out of the loop.
    // After peeling, the hoisted code could sink inside the peeled area.
    // The peeling code does not try to recompute the best location for
    // all the code before the peeled area, so the verify pass will always
    // complain about it.
  }
  // Do verify graph edges in any case
  NOT_PRODUCT( C->verify_graph_edges(); );

  if (!do_split_ifs) {
    // We saw major progress in Split-If to get here.  We forced a
    // pass with unrolling and not split-if, however more split-if's
    // might make progress.  If the unrolling didn't make progress
    // then the major-progress flag got cleared and we won't try
    // another round of Split-If.  In particular the ever-common
    // instance-of/check-cast pattern requires at least 2 rounds of
    // Split-If to clear out.
    C->set_major_progress();
  }

  // Repeat loop optimizations if new loops were seen
  if (created_loop_node()) {
    C->set_major_progress();
  }

  // Keep loop predicates and perform optimizations with them
  // until no more loop optimizations could be done.
  // After that switch predicates off and do more loop optimizations.
  if (!C->major_progress() && (C->predicate_count() > 0)) {
     C->cleanup_loop_predicates(_igvn);
     if (TraceLoopOpts) {
       tty->print_cr("PredicatesOff");
     }
     C->set_major_progress();
  }

  // Convert scalar to superword operations at the end of all loop opts.
  if (UseSuperWord && C->has_loops() && !C->major_progress()) {
    // SuperWord transform
    SuperWord sw(this);
    for (LoopTreeIterator iter(_ltree_root); !iter.done(); iter.next()) {
      IdealLoopTree* lpt = iter.current();
      if (lpt->is_counted()) {
        CountedLoopNode *cl = lpt->_head->as_CountedLoop();

        if (PostLoopMultiversioning && cl->is_rce_post_loop() && !cl->is_vectorized_loop()) {
          // Check that the rce'd post loop is encountered first, multiversion after all
          // major main loop optimization are concluded
          if (!C->major_progress()) {
            IdealLoopTree *lpt_next = lpt->_next;
            if (lpt_next && lpt_next->is_counted()) {
              CountedLoopNode *cl = lpt_next->_head->as_CountedLoop();
              has_range_checks(lpt_next);
              if (cl->is_post_loop() && cl->range_checks_present()) {
                if (!cl->is_multiversioned()) {
                  if (multi_version_post_loops(lpt, lpt_next) == false) {
                    // Cause the rce loop to be optimized away if we fail
                    cl->mark_is_multiversioned();
                    cl->set_slp_max_unroll(0);
                    poison_rce_post_loop(lpt);
                  }
                }
              }
            }
            sw.transform_loop(lpt, true);
          }
        } else if (cl->is_main_loop()) {
          sw.transform_loop(lpt, true);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // Cleanup any modified bits
  _igvn.optimize();

  // disable assert until issue with split_flow_path is resolved (6742111)
  // assert(!_has_irreducible_loops || C->parsed_irreducible_loop() || C->is_osr_compilation(),
  //        "shouldn't introduce irreducible loops");

  if (C->log() != NULL) {
    log_loop_tree(_ltree_root, _ltree_root, C->log());
  }
}

#ifndef PRODUCT
//------------------------------print_statistics-------------------------------
int PhaseIdealLoop::_loop_invokes=0;// Count of PhaseIdealLoop invokes
int PhaseIdealLoop::_loop_work=0; // Sum of PhaseIdealLoop x unique
void PhaseIdealLoop::print_statistics() {
  tty->print_cr("PhaseIdealLoop=%d, sum _unique=%d", _loop_invokes, _loop_work);
}

//------------------------------verify-----------------------------------------
// Build a verify-only PhaseIdealLoop, and see that it agrees with me.
static int fail;                // debug only, so its multi-thread dont care
void PhaseIdealLoop::verify() const {
  int old_progress = C->major_progress();
  ResourceMark rm;
  PhaseIdealLoop loop_verify( _igvn, this );
  VectorSet visited(Thread::current()->resource_area());

  fail = 0;
  verify_compare( C->root(), &loop_verify, visited );
  assert( fail == 0, "verify loops failed" );
  // Verify loop structure is the same
  _ltree_root->verify_tree(loop_verify._ltree_root, NULL);
  // Reset major-progress.  It was cleared by creating a verify version of
  // PhaseIdealLoop.
  for( int i=0; i<old_progress; i++ )
    C->set_major_progress();
}

//------------------------------verify_compare---------------------------------
// Make sure me and the given PhaseIdealLoop agree on key data structures
void PhaseIdealLoop::verify_compare( Node *n, const PhaseIdealLoop *loop_verify, VectorSet &visited ) const {
  if( !n ) return;
  if( visited.test_set( n->_idx ) ) return;
  if( !_nodes[n->_idx] ) {      // Unreachable
    assert( !loop_verify->_nodes[n->_idx], "both should be unreachable" );
    return;
  }

  uint i;
  for( i = 0; i < n->req(); i++ )
    verify_compare( n->in(i), loop_verify, visited );

  // Check the '_nodes' block/loop structure
  i = n->_idx;
  if( has_ctrl(n) ) {           // We have control; verify has loop or ctrl
    if( _nodes[i] != loop_verify->_nodes[i] &&
        get_ctrl_no_update(n) != loop_verify->get_ctrl_no_update(n) ) {
      tty->print("Mismatched control setting for: ");
      n->dump();
      if( fail++ > 10 ) return;
      Node *c = get_ctrl_no_update(n);
      tty->print("We have it as: ");
      if( c->in(0) ) c->dump();
        else tty->print_cr("N%d",c->_idx);
      tty->print("Verify thinks: ");
      if( loop_verify->has_ctrl(n) )
        loop_verify->get_ctrl_no_update(n)->dump();
      else
        loop_verify->get_loop_idx(n)->dump();
      tty->cr();
    }
  } else {                    // We have a loop
    IdealLoopTree *us = get_loop_idx(n);
    if( loop_verify->has_ctrl(n) ) {
      tty->print("Mismatched loop setting for: ");
      n->dump();
      if( fail++ > 10 ) return;
      tty->print("We have it as: ");
      us->dump();
      tty->print("Verify thinks: ");
      loop_verify->get_ctrl_no_update(n)->dump();
      tty->cr();
    } else if (!C->major_progress()) {
      // Loop selection can be messed up if we did a major progress
      // operation, like split-if.  Do not verify in that case.
      IdealLoopTree *them = loop_verify->get_loop_idx(n);
      if( us->_head != them->_head ||  us->_tail != them->_tail ) {
        tty->print("Unequals loops for: ");
        n->dump();
        if( fail++ > 10 ) return;
        tty->print("We have it as: ");
        us->dump();
        tty->print("Verify thinks: ");
        them->dump();
        tty->cr();
      }
    }
  }

  // Check for immediate dominators being equal
  if( i >= _idom_size ) {
    if( !n->is_CFG() ) return;
    tty->print("CFG Node with no idom: ");
    n->dump();
    return;
  }
  if( !n->is_CFG() ) return;
  if( n == C->root() ) return; // No IDOM here

  assert(n->_idx == i, "sanity");
  Node *id = idom_no_update(n);
  if( id != loop_verify->idom_no_update(n) ) {
    tty->print("Unequals idoms for: ");
    n->dump();
    if( fail++ > 10 ) return;
    tty->print("We have it as: ");
    id->dump();
    tty->print("Verify thinks: ");
    loop_verify->idom_no_update(n)->dump();
    tty->cr();
  }

}

//------------------------------verify_tree------------------------------------
// Verify that tree structures match.  Because the CFG can change, siblings
// within the loop tree can be reordered.  We attempt to deal with that by
// reordering the verify's loop tree if possible.
void IdealLoopTree::verify_tree(IdealLoopTree *loop, const IdealLoopTree *parent) const {
  assert( _parent == parent, "Badly formed loop tree" );

  // Siblings not in same order?  Attempt to re-order.
  if( _head != loop->_head ) {
    // Find _next pointer to update
    IdealLoopTree **pp = &loop->_parent->_child;
    while( *pp != loop )
      pp = &((*pp)->_next);
    // Find proper sibling to be next
    IdealLoopTree **nn = &loop->_next;
    while( (*nn) && (*nn)->_head != _head )
      nn = &((*nn)->_next);

    // Check for no match.
    if( !(*nn) ) {
      // Annoyingly, irreducible loops can pick different headers
      // after a major_progress operation, so the rest of the loop
      // tree cannot be matched.
      if (_irreducible && Compile::current()->major_progress())  return;
      assert( 0, "failed to match loop tree" );
    }

    // Move (*nn) to (*pp)
    IdealLoopTree *hit = *nn;
    *nn = hit->_next;
    hit->_next = loop;
    *pp = loop;
    loop = hit;
    // Now try again to verify
  }

  assert( _head  == loop->_head , "mismatched loop head" );
  Node *tail = _tail;           // Inline a non-updating version of
  while( !tail->in(0) )         // the 'tail()' call.
    tail = tail->in(1);
  assert( tail == loop->_tail, "mismatched loop tail" );

  // Counted loops that are guarded should be able to find their guards
  if( _head->is_CountedLoop() && _head->as_CountedLoop()->is_main_loop() ) {
    CountedLoopNode *cl = _head->as_CountedLoop();
    Node *init = cl->init_trip();
    Node *ctrl = cl->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
    assert( ctrl->Opcode() == Op_IfTrue || ctrl->Opcode() == Op_IfFalse, "" );
    Node *iff  = ctrl->in(0);
    assert( iff->Opcode() == Op_If, "" );
    Node *bol  = iff->in(1);
    assert( bol->Opcode() == Op_Bool, "" );
    Node *cmp  = bol->in(1);
    assert( cmp->Opcode() == Op_CmpI, "" );
    Node *add  = cmp->in(1);
    Node *opaq;
    if( add->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1 ) {
      opaq = add;
    } else {
      assert( add->Opcode() == Op_AddI || add->Opcode() == Op_ConI , "" );
      assert( add == init, "" );
      opaq = cmp->in(2);
    }
    assert( opaq->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1, "" );

  }

  if (_child != NULL)  _child->verify_tree(loop->_child, this);
  if (_next  != NULL)  _next ->verify_tree(loop->_next,  parent);
  // Innermost loops need to verify loop bodies,
  // but only if no 'major_progress'
  int fail = 0;
  if (!Compile::current()->major_progress() && _child == NULL) {
    for( uint i = 0; i < _body.size(); i++ ) {
      Node *n = _body.at(i);
      if (n->outcnt() == 0)  continue; // Ignore dead
      uint j;
      for( j = 0; j < loop->_body.size(); j++ )
        if( loop->_body.at(j) == n )
          break;
      if( j == loop->_body.size() ) { // Not found in loop body
        // Last ditch effort to avoid assertion: Its possible that we
        // have some users (so outcnt not zero) but are still dead.
        // Try to find from root.
        if (Compile::current()->root()->find(n->_idx)) {
          fail++;
          tty->print("We have that verify does not: ");
          n->dump();
        }
      }
    }
    for( uint i2 = 0; i2 < loop->_body.size(); i2++ ) {
      Node *n = loop->_body.at(i2);
      if (n->outcnt() == 0)  continue; // Ignore dead
      uint j;
      for( j = 0; j < _body.size(); j++ )
        if( _body.at(j) == n )
          break;
      if( j == _body.size() ) { // Not found in loop body
        // Last ditch effort to avoid assertion: Its possible that we
        // have some users (so outcnt not zero) but are still dead.
        // Try to find from root.
        if (Compile::current()->root()->find(n->_idx)) {
          fail++;
          tty->print("Verify has that we do not: ");
          n->dump();
        }
      }
    }
    assert( !fail, "loop body mismatch" );
  }
}

#endif

//------------------------------set_idom---------------------------------------
void PhaseIdealLoop::set_idom(Node* d, Node* n, uint dom_depth) {
  uint idx = d->_idx;
  if (idx >= _idom_size) {
    uint newsize = _idom_size<<1;
    while( idx >= newsize ) {
      newsize <<= 1;
    }
    _idom      = REALLOC_RESOURCE_ARRAY( Node*,     _idom,_idom_size,newsize);
    _dom_depth = REALLOC_RESOURCE_ARRAY( uint, _dom_depth,_idom_size,newsize);
    memset( _dom_depth + _idom_size, 0, (newsize - _idom_size) * sizeof(uint) );
    _idom_size = newsize;
  }
  _idom[idx] = n;
  _dom_depth[idx] = dom_depth;
}

//------------------------------recompute_dom_depth---------------------------------------
// The dominator tree is constructed with only parent pointers.
// This recomputes the depth in the tree by first tagging all
// nodes as "no depth yet" marker.  The next pass then runs up
// the dom tree from each node marked "no depth yet", and computes
// the depth on the way back down.
void PhaseIdealLoop::recompute_dom_depth() {
  uint no_depth_marker = C->unique();
  uint i;
  // Initialize depth to "no depth yet"
  for (i = 0; i < _idom_size; i++) {
    if (_dom_depth[i] > 0 && _idom[i] != NULL) {
     _dom_depth[i] = no_depth_marker;
    }
  }
  if (_dom_stk == NULL) {
    uint init_size = C->live_nodes() / 100; // Guess that 1/100 is a reasonable initial size.
    if (init_size < 10) init_size = 10;
    _dom_stk = new GrowableArray<uint>(init_size);
  }
  // Compute new depth for each node.
  for (i = 0; i < _idom_size; i++) {
    uint j = i;
    // Run up the dom tree to find a node with a depth
    while (_dom_depth[j] == no_depth_marker) {
      _dom_stk->push(j);
      j = _idom[j]->_idx;
    }
    // Compute the depth on the way back down this tree branch
    uint dd = _dom_depth[j] + 1;
    while (_dom_stk->length() > 0) {
      uint j = _dom_stk->pop();
      _dom_depth[j] = dd;
      dd++;
    }
  }
}

//------------------------------sort-------------------------------------------
// Insert 'loop' into the existing loop tree.  'innermost' is a leaf of the
// loop tree, not the root.
IdealLoopTree *PhaseIdealLoop::sort( IdealLoopTree *loop, IdealLoopTree *innermost ) {
  if( !innermost ) return loop; // New innermost loop

  int loop_preorder = get_preorder(loop->_head); // Cache pre-order number
  assert( loop_preorder, "not yet post-walked loop" );
  IdealLoopTree **pp = &innermost;      // Pointer to previous next-pointer
  IdealLoopTree *l = *pp;               // Do I go before or after 'l'?

  // Insert at start of list
  while( l ) {                  // Insertion sort based on pre-order
    if( l == loop ) return innermost; // Already on list!
    int l_preorder = get_preorder(l->_head); // Cache pre-order number
    assert( l_preorder, "not yet post-walked l" );
    // Check header pre-order number to figure proper nesting
    if( loop_preorder > l_preorder )
      break;                    // End of insertion
    // If headers tie (e.g., shared headers) check tail pre-order numbers.
    // Since I split shared headers, you'd think this could not happen.
    // BUT: I must first do the preorder numbering before I can discover I
    // have shared headers, so the split headers all get the same preorder
    // number as the RegionNode they split from.
    if( loop_preorder == l_preorder &&
        get_preorder(loop->_tail) < get_preorder(l->_tail) )
      break;                    // Also check for shared headers (same pre#)
    pp = &l->_parent;           // Chain up list
    l = *pp;
  }
  // Link into list
  // Point predecessor to me
  *pp = loop;
  // Point me to successor
  IdealLoopTree *p = loop->_parent;
  loop->_parent = l;            // Point me to successor
  if( p ) sort( p, innermost ); // Insert my parents into list as well
  return innermost;
}

//------------------------------build_loop_tree--------------------------------
// I use a modified Vick/Tarjan algorithm.  I need pre- and a post- visit
// bits.  The _nodes[] array is mapped by Node index and holds a NULL for
// not-yet-pre-walked, pre-order # for pre-but-not-post-walked and holds the
// tightest enclosing IdealLoopTree for post-walked.
//
// During my forward walk I do a short 1-layer lookahead to see if I can find
// a loop backedge with that doesn't have any work on the backedge.  This
// helps me construct nested loops with shared headers better.
//
// Once I've done the forward recursion, I do the post-work.  For each child
// I check to see if there is a backedge.  Backedges define a loop!  I
// insert an IdealLoopTree at the target of the backedge.
//
// During the post-work I also check to see if I have several children
// belonging to different loops.  If so, then this Node is a decision point
// where control flow can choose to change loop nests.  It is at this
// decision point where I can figure out how loops are nested.  At this
// time I can properly order the different loop nests from my children.
// Note that there may not be any backedges at the decision point!
//
// Since the decision point can be far removed from the backedges, I can't
// order my loops at the time I discover them.  Thus at the decision point
// I need to inspect loop header pre-order numbers to properly nest my
// loops.  This means I need to sort my childrens' loops by pre-order.
// The sort is of size number-of-control-children, which generally limits
// it to size 2 (i.e., I just choose between my 2 target loops).
void PhaseIdealLoop::build_loop_tree() {
  // Allocate stack of size C->live_nodes()/2 to avoid frequent realloc
  GrowableArray <Node *> bltstack(C->live_nodes() >> 1);
  Node *n = C->root();
  bltstack.push(n);
  int pre_order = 1;
  int stack_size;

  while ( ( stack_size = bltstack.length() ) != 0 ) {
    n = bltstack.top(); // Leave node on stack
    if ( !is_visited(n) ) {
      // ---- Pre-pass Work ----
      // Pre-walked but not post-walked nodes need a pre_order number.

      set_preorder_visited( n, pre_order ); // set as visited

      // ---- Scan over children ----
      // Scan first over control projections that lead to loop headers.
      // This helps us find inner-to-outer loops with shared headers better.

      // Scan children's children for loop headers.
      for ( int i = n->outcnt() - 1; i >= 0; --i ) {
        Node* m = n->raw_out(i);       // Child
        if( m->is_CFG() && !is_visited(m) ) { // Only for CFG children
          // Scan over children's children to find loop
          for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = m->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
            Node* l = m->fast_out(j);
            if( is_visited(l) &&       // Been visited?
                !is_postvisited(l) &&  // But not post-visited
                get_preorder(l) < pre_order ) { // And smaller pre-order
              // Found!  Scan the DFS down this path before doing other paths
              bltstack.push(m);
              break;
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pre_order++;
    }
    else if ( !is_postvisited(n) ) {
      // Note: build_loop_tree_impl() adds out edges on rare occasions,
      // such as com.sun.rsasign.am::a.
      // For non-recursive version, first, process current children.
      // On next iteration, check if additional children were added.
      for ( int k = n->outcnt() - 1; k >= 0; --k ) {
        Node* u = n->raw_out(k);
        if ( u->is_CFG() && !is_visited(u) ) {
          bltstack.push(u);
        }
      }
      if ( bltstack.length() == stack_size ) {
        // There were no additional children, post visit node now
        (void)bltstack.pop(); // Remove node from stack
        pre_order = build_loop_tree_impl( n, pre_order );
        // Check for bailout
        if (C->failing()) {
          return;
        }
        // Check to grow _preorders[] array for the case when
        // build_loop_tree_impl() adds new nodes.
        check_grow_preorders();
      }
    }
    else {
      (void)bltstack.pop(); // Remove post-visited node from stack
    }
  }
}

//------------------------------build_loop_tree_impl---------------------------
int PhaseIdealLoop::build_loop_tree_impl( Node *n, int pre_order ) {
  // ---- Post-pass Work ----
  // Pre-walked but not post-walked nodes need a pre_order number.

  // Tightest enclosing loop for this Node
  IdealLoopTree *innermost = NULL;

  // For all children, see if any edge is a backedge.  If so, make a loop
  // for it.  Then find the tightest enclosing loop for the self Node.
  for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = n->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
    Node* m = n->fast_out(i);   // Child
    if( n == m ) continue;      // Ignore control self-cycles
    if( !m->is_CFG() ) continue;// Ignore non-CFG edges

    IdealLoopTree *l;           // Child's loop
    if( !is_postvisited(m) ) {  // Child visited but not post-visited?
      // Found a backedge
      assert( get_preorder(m) < pre_order, "should be backedge" );
      // Check for the RootNode, which is already a LoopNode and is allowed
      // to have multiple "backedges".
      if( m == C->root()) {     // Found the root?
        l = _ltree_root;        // Root is the outermost LoopNode
      } else {                  // Else found a nested loop
        // Insert a LoopNode to mark this loop.
        l = new IdealLoopTree(this, m, n);
      } // End of Else found a nested loop
      if( !has_loop(m) )        // If 'm' does not already have a loop set
        set_loop(m, l);         // Set loop header to loop now

    } else {                    // Else not a nested loop
      if( !_nodes[m->_idx] ) continue; // Dead code has no loop
      l = get_loop(m);          // Get previously determined loop
      // If successor is header of a loop (nest), move up-loop till it
      // is a member of some outer enclosing loop.  Since there are no
      // shared headers (I've split them already) I only need to go up
      // at most 1 level.
      while( l && l->_head == m ) // Successor heads loop?
        l = l->_parent;         // Move up 1 for me
      // If this loop is not properly parented, then this loop
      // has no exit path out, i.e. its an infinite loop.
      if( !l ) {
        // Make loop "reachable" from root so the CFG is reachable.  Basically
        // insert a bogus loop exit that is never taken.  'm', the loop head,
        // points to 'n', one (of possibly many) fall-in paths.  There may be
        // many backedges as well.

        // Here I set the loop to be the root loop.  I could have, after
        // inserting a bogus loop exit, restarted the recursion and found my
        // new loop exit.  This would make the infinite loop a first-class
        // loop and it would then get properly optimized.  What's the use of
        // optimizing an infinite loop?
        l = _ltree_root;        // Oops, found infinite loop

        if (!_verify_only) {
          // Insert the NeverBranch between 'm' and it's control user.
          NeverBranchNode *iff = new NeverBranchNode( m );
          _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(iff);
          set_loop(iff, l);
          Node *if_t = new CProjNode( iff, 0 );
          _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(if_t);
          set_loop(if_t, l);

          Node* cfg = NULL;       // Find the One True Control User of m
          for (DUIterator_Fast jmax, j = m->fast_outs(jmax); j < jmax; j++) {
            Node* x = m->fast_out(j);
            if (x->is_CFG() && x != m && x != iff)
              { cfg = x; break; }
          }
          assert(cfg != NULL, "must find the control user of m");
          uint k = 0;             // Probably cfg->in(0)
          while( cfg->in(k) != m ) k++; // But check incase cfg is a Region
          cfg->set_req( k, if_t ); // Now point to NeverBranch
          _igvn._worklist.push(cfg);

          // Now create the never-taken loop exit
          Node *if_f = new CProjNode( iff, 1 );
          _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(if_f);
          set_loop(if_f, l);
          // Find frame ptr for Halt.  Relies on the optimizer
          // V-N'ing.  Easier and quicker than searching through
          // the program structure.
          Node *frame = new ParmNode( C->start(), TypeFunc::FramePtr );
          _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(frame);
          // Halt & Catch Fire
          Node *halt = new HaltNode( if_f, frame );
          _igvn.register_new_node_with_optimizer(halt);
          set_loop(halt, l);
          C->root()->add_req(halt);
        }
        set_loop(C->root(), _ltree_root);
      }
    }
    // Weeny check for irreducible.  This child was already visited (this
    // IS the post-work phase).  Is this child's loop header post-visited
    // as well?  If so, then I found another entry into the loop.
    if (!_verify_only) {
      while( is_postvisited(l->_head) ) {
        // found irreducible
        l->_irreducible = 1; // = true
        l = l->_parent;
        _has_irreducible_loops = true;
        // Check for bad CFG here to prevent crash, and bailout of compile
        if (l == NULL) {
          C->record_method_not_compilable("unhandled CFG detected during loop optimization");
          return pre_order;
        }
      }
      C->set_has_irreducible_loop(_has_irreducible_loops);
    }

    // This Node might be a decision point for loops.  It is only if
    // it's children belong to several different loops.  The sort call
    // does a trivial amount of work if there is only 1 child or all
    // children belong to the same loop.  If however, the children
    // belong to different loops, the sort call will properly set the
    // _parent pointers to show how the loops nest.
    //
    // In any case, it returns the tightest enclosing loop.
    innermost = sort( l, innermost );
  }

  // Def-use info will have some dead stuff; dead stuff will have no
  // loop decided on.

  // Am I a loop header?  If so fix up my parent's child and next ptrs.
  if( innermost && innermost->_head == n ) {
    assert( get_loop(n) == innermost, "" );
    IdealLoopTree *p = innermost->_parent;
    IdealLoopTree *l = innermost;
    while( p && l->_head == n ) {
      l->_next = p->_child;     // Put self on parents 'next child'
      p->_child = l;            // Make self as first child of parent
      l = p;                    // Now walk up the parent chain
      p = l->_parent;
    }
  } else {
    // Note that it is possible for a LoopNode to reach here, if the
    // backedge has been made unreachable (hence the LoopNode no longer
    // denotes a Loop, and will eventually be removed).

    // Record tightest enclosing loop for self.  Mark as post-visited.
    set_loop(n, innermost);
    // Also record has_call flag early on
    if( innermost ) {
      if( n->is_Call() && !n->is_CallLeaf() && !n->is_macro() ) {
        // Do not count uncommon calls
        if( !n->is_CallStaticJava() || !n->as_CallStaticJava()->_name ) {
          Node *iff = n->in(0)->in(0);
          // No any calls for vectorized loops.
          if( UseSuperWord || !iff->is_If() ||
              (n->in(0)->Opcode() == Op_IfFalse &&
               (1.0 - iff->as_If()->_prob) >= 0.01) ||
              (iff->as_If()->_prob >= 0.01) )
            innermost->_has_call = 1;
        }
      } else if( n->is_Allocate() && n->as_Allocate()->_is_scalar_replaceable ) {
        // Disable loop optimizations if the loop has a scalar replaceable
        // allocation. This disabling may cause a potential performance lost
        // if the allocation is not eliminated for some reason.
        innermost->_allow_optimizations = false;
        innermost->_has_call = 1; // = true
      } else if (n->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint) {
        // Record all safepoints in this loop.
        if (innermost->_safepts == NULL) innermost->_safepts = new Node_List();
        innermost->_safepts->push(n);
      }
    }
  }

  // Flag as post-visited now
  set_postvisited(n);
  return pre_order;
}


//------------------------------build_loop_early-------------------------------
// Put Data nodes into some loop nest, by setting the _nodes[]->loop mapping.
// First pass computes the earliest controlling node possible.  This is the
// controlling input with the deepest dominating depth.
void PhaseIdealLoop::build_loop_early( VectorSet &visited, Node_List &worklist, Node_Stack &nstack ) {
  while (worklist.size() != 0) {
    // Use local variables nstack_top_n & nstack_top_i to cache values
    // on nstack's top.
    Node *nstack_top_n = worklist.pop();
    uint  nstack_top_i = 0;
//while_nstack_nonempty:
    while (true) {
      // Get parent node and next input's index from stack's top.
      Node  *n = nstack_top_n;
      uint   i = nstack_top_i;
      uint cnt = n->req(); // Count of inputs
      if (i == 0) {        // Pre-process the node.
        if( has_node(n) &&            // Have either loop or control already?
            !has_ctrl(n) ) {          // Have loop picked out already?
          // During "merge_many_backedges" we fold up several nested loops
          // into a single loop.  This makes the members of the original
          // loop bodies pointing to dead loops; they need to move up
          // to the new UNION'd larger loop.  I set the _head field of these
          // dead loops to NULL and the _parent field points to the owning
          // loop.  Shades of UNION-FIND algorithm.
          IdealLoopTree *ilt;
          while( !(ilt = get_loop(n))->_head ) {
            // Normally I would use a set_loop here.  But in this one special
            // case, it is legal (and expected) to change what loop a Node
            // belongs to.
            _nodes.map(n->_idx, (Node*)(ilt->_parent) );
          }
          // Remove safepoints ONLY if I've already seen I don't need one.
          // (the old code here would yank a 2nd safepoint after seeing a
          // first one, even though the 1st did not dominate in the loop body
          // and thus could be avoided indefinitely)
          if( !_verify_only && !_verify_me && ilt->_has_sfpt && n->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint &&
              is_deleteable_safept(n)) {
            Node *in = n->in(TypeFunc::Control);
            lazy_replace(n,in);       // Pull safepoint now
            if (ilt->_safepts != NULL) {
              ilt->_safepts->yank(n);
            }
            // Carry on with the recursion "as if" we are walking
            // only the control input
            if( !visited.test_set( in->_idx ) ) {
              worklist.push(in);      // Visit this guy later, using worklist
            }
            // Get next node from nstack:
            // - skip n's inputs processing by setting i > cnt;
            // - we also will not call set_early_ctrl(n) since
            //   has_node(n) == true (see the condition above).
            i = cnt + 1;
          }
        }
      } // if (i == 0)

      // Visit all inputs
      bool done = true;       // Assume all n's inputs will be processed
      while (i < cnt) {
        Node *in = n->in(i);
        ++i;
        if (in == NULL) continue;
        if (in->pinned() && !in->is_CFG())
          set_ctrl(in, in->in(0));
        int is_visited = visited.test_set( in->_idx );
        if (!has_node(in)) {  // No controlling input yet?
          assert( !in->is_CFG(), "CFG Node with no controlling input?" );
          assert( !is_visited, "visit only once" );
          nstack.push(n, i);  // Save parent node and next input's index.
          nstack_top_n = in;  // Process current input now.
          nstack_top_i = 0;
          done = false;       // Not all n's inputs processed.
          break; // continue while_nstack_nonempty;
        } else if (!is_visited) {
          // This guy has a location picked out for him, but has not yet
          // been visited.  Happens to all CFG nodes, for instance.
          // Visit him using the worklist instead of recursion, to break
          // cycles.  Since he has a location already we do not need to
          // find his location before proceeding with the current Node.
          worklist.push(in);  // Visit this guy later, using worklist
        }
      }
      if (done) {
        // All of n's inputs have been processed, complete post-processing.

        // Compute earliest point this Node can go.
        // CFG, Phi, pinned nodes already know their controlling input.
        if (!has_node(n)) {
          // Record earliest legal location
          set_early_ctrl( n );
        }
        if (nstack.is_empty()) {
          // Finished all nodes on stack.
          // Process next node on the worklist.
          break;
        }
        // Get saved parent node and next input's index.
        nstack_top_n = nstack.node();
        nstack_top_i = nstack.index();
        nstack.pop();
      }
    } // while (true)
  }
}

//------------------------------dom_lca_internal--------------------------------
// Pair-wise LCA
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::dom_lca_internal( Node *n1, Node *n2 ) const {
  if( !n1 ) return n2;          // Handle NULL original LCA
  assert( n1->is_CFG(), "" );
  assert( n2->is_CFG(), "" );
  // find LCA of all uses
  uint d1 = dom_depth(n1);
  uint d2 = dom_depth(n2);
  while (n1 != n2) {
    if (d1 > d2) {
      n1 =      idom(n1);
      d1 = dom_depth(n1);
    } else if (d1 < d2) {
      n2 =      idom(n2);
      d2 = dom_depth(n2);
    } else {
      // Here d1 == d2.  Due to edits of the dominator-tree, sections
      // of the tree might have the same depth.  These sections have
      // to be searched more carefully.

      // Scan up all the n1's with equal depth, looking for n2.
      Node *t1 = idom(n1);
      while (dom_depth(t1) == d1) {
        if (t1 == n2)  return n2;
        t1 = idom(t1);
      }
      // Scan up all the n2's with equal depth, looking for n1.
      Node *t2 = idom(n2);
      while (dom_depth(t2) == d2) {
        if (t2 == n1)  return n1;
        t2 = idom(t2);
      }
      // Move up to a new dominator-depth value as well as up the dom-tree.
      n1 = t1;
      n2 = t2;
      d1 = dom_depth(n1);
      d2 = dom_depth(n2);
    }
  }
  return n1;
}

//------------------------------compute_idom-----------------------------------
// Locally compute IDOM using dom_lca call.  Correct only if the incoming
// IDOMs are correct.
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::compute_idom( Node *region ) const {
  assert( region->is_Region(), "" );
  Node *LCA = NULL;
  for( uint i = 1; i < region->req(); i++ ) {
    if( region->in(i) != C->top() )
      LCA = dom_lca( LCA, region->in(i) );
  }
  return LCA;
}

bool PhaseIdealLoop::verify_dominance(Node* n, Node* use, Node* LCA, Node* early) {
  bool had_error = false;
#ifdef ASSERT
  if (early != C->root()) {
    // Make sure that there's a dominance path from LCA to early
    Node* d = LCA;
    while (d != early) {
      if (d == C->root()) {
        dump_bad_graph("Bad graph detected in compute_lca_of_uses", n, early, LCA);
        tty->print_cr("*** Use %d isn't dominated by def %d ***", use->_idx, n->_idx);
        had_error = true;
        break;
      }
      d = idom(d);
    }
  }
#endif
  return had_error;
}


Node* PhaseIdealLoop::compute_lca_of_uses(Node* n, Node* early, bool verify) {
  // Compute LCA over list of uses
  bool had_error = false;
  Node *LCA = NULL;
  for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = n->fast_outs(imax); i < imax && LCA != early; i++) {
    Node* c = n->fast_out(i);
    if (_nodes[c->_idx] == NULL)
      continue;                 // Skip the occasional dead node
    if( c->is_Phi() ) {         // For Phis, we must land above on the path
      for( uint j=1; j<c->req(); j++ ) {// For all inputs
        if( c->in(j) == n ) {   // Found matching input?
          Node *use = c->in(0)->in(j);
          if (_verify_only && use->is_top()) continue;
          LCA = dom_lca_for_get_late_ctrl( LCA, use, n );
          if (verify) had_error = verify_dominance(n, use, LCA, early) || had_error;
        }
      }
    } else {
      // For CFG data-users, use is in the block just prior
      Node *use = has_ctrl(c) ? get_ctrl(c) : c->in(0);
      LCA = dom_lca_for_get_late_ctrl( LCA, use, n );
      if (verify) had_error = verify_dominance(n, use, LCA, early) || had_error;
    }
  }
  assert(!had_error, "bad dominance");
  return LCA;
}

// Check the shape of the graph at the loop entry. In some cases,
// the shape of the graph does not match the shape outlined below.
// That is caused by the Opaque1 node "protecting" the shape of
// the graph being removed by, for example, the IGVN performed
// in PhaseIdealLoop::build_and_optimize().
//
// After the Opaque1 node has been removed, optimizations (e.g., split-if,
// loop unswitching, and IGVN, or a combination of them) can freely change
// the graph's shape. As a result, the graph shape outlined below cannot
// be guaranteed anymore.
bool PhaseIdealLoop::is_canonical_loop_entry(CountedLoopNode* cl) {
  if (!cl->is_main_loop() && !cl->is_post_loop()) {
    return false;
  }
  Node* ctrl = cl->skip_strip_mined()->in(LoopNode::EntryControl);
  if (ctrl == NULL || (!ctrl->is_IfTrue() && !ctrl->is_IfFalse())) {
    return false;
  }
  Node* iffm = ctrl->in(0);
  if (iffm == NULL || !iffm->is_If()) {
    return false;
  }
  Node* bolzm = iffm->in(1);
  if (bolzm == NULL || !bolzm->is_Bool()) {
    return false;
  }
  Node* cmpzm = bolzm->in(1);
  if (cmpzm == NULL || !cmpzm->is_Cmp()) {
    return false;
  }
  // compares can get conditionally flipped
  bool found_opaque = false;
  for (uint i = 1; i < cmpzm->req(); i++) {
    Node* opnd = cmpzm->in(i);
    if (opnd && opnd->Opcode() == Op_Opaque1) {
      found_opaque = true;
      break;
    }
  }
  if (!found_opaque) {
    return false;
  }
  return true;
}

//------------------------------get_late_ctrl----------------------------------
// Compute latest legal control.
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::get_late_ctrl( Node *n, Node *early ) {
  assert(early != NULL, "early control should not be NULL");

  Node* LCA = compute_lca_of_uses(n, early);
#ifdef ASSERT
  if (LCA == C->root() && LCA != early) {
    // def doesn't dominate uses so print some useful debugging output
    compute_lca_of_uses(n, early, true);
  }
#endif

  // if this is a load, check for anti-dependent stores
  // We use a conservative algorithm to identify potential interfering
  // instructions and for rescheduling the load.  The users of the memory
  // input of this load are examined.  Any use which is not a load and is
  // dominated by early is considered a potentially interfering store.
  // This can produce false positives.
  if (n->is_Load() && LCA != early) {
    Node_List worklist;

    Node *mem = n->in(MemNode::Memory);
    for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = mem->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
      Node* s = mem->fast_out(i);
      worklist.push(s);
    }
    while(worklist.size() != 0 && LCA != early) {
      Node* s = worklist.pop();
      if (s->is_Load() || s->Opcode() == Op_SafePoint) {
        continue;
      } else if (s->is_MergeMem()) {
        for (DUIterator_Fast imax, i = s->fast_outs(imax); i < imax; i++) {
          Node* s1 = s->fast_out(i);
          worklist.push(s1);
        }
      } else {
        Node *sctrl = has_ctrl(s) ? get_ctrl(s) : s->in(0);
        assert(sctrl != NULL || s->outcnt() == 0, "must have control");
        if (sctrl != NULL && !sctrl->is_top() && is_dominator(early, sctrl)) {
          LCA = dom_lca_for_get_late_ctrl(LCA, sctrl, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  assert(LCA == find_non_split_ctrl(LCA), "unexpected late control");
  return LCA;
}

// true if CFG node d dominates CFG node n
bool PhaseIdealLoop::is_dominator(Node *d, Node *n) {
  if (d == n)
    return true;
  assert(d->is_CFG() && n->is_CFG(), "must have CFG nodes");
  uint dd = dom_depth(d);
  while (dom_depth(n) >= dd) {
    if (n == d)
      return true;
    n = idom(n);
  }
  return false;
}

//------------------------------dom_lca_for_get_late_ctrl_internal-------------
// Pair-wise LCA with tags.
// Tag each index with the node 'tag' currently being processed
// before advancing up the dominator chain using idom().
// Later calls that find a match to 'tag' know that this path has already
// been considered in the current LCA (which is input 'n1' by convention).
// Since get_late_ctrl() is only called once for each node, the tag array
// does not need to be cleared between calls to get_late_ctrl().
// Algorithm trades a larger constant factor for better asymptotic behavior
//
Node *PhaseIdealLoop::dom_lca_for_get_late_ctrl_internal( Node *n1, Node *n2, Node *tag ) {
  uint d1 = dom_depth(n1);
  uint d2 = dom_depth(n2);

  do {
    if (d1 > d2) {
      // current lca is deeper than n2
      _dom_lca_tags.map(n1->_idx, tag);
      n1 =      idom(n1);
      d1 = dom_depth(n1);
    } else if (d1 < d2) {
      // n2 is deeper than current lca
      Node *memo = _dom_lca_tags[n2->_idx];
      if( memo == tag ) {
        return n1;    // Return the current LCA
      }
      _dom_lca_tags.map(n2->_idx, tag);
      n2 =      idom(n2);
      d2 = dom_depth(n2);
    } else {
      // Here d1 == d2.  Due to edits of the dominator-tree, sections
      // of the tree might have the same depth.  These sections have
      // to be searched more carefully.

      // Scan up all the n1's with equal depth, looking for n2.
      _dom_lca_tags.map(n1->_idx, tag);
      Node *t1 = idom(n1);
      while (dom_depth(t1) == d1) {
        if (t1 == n2)  return n2;
        _dom_lca_tags.map(t1->_idx, tag);
        t1 = idom(t1);
      }
      // Scan up all the n2's with equal depth, looking for n1.
      _dom_lca_tags.map(n2->_idx, tag);
      Node *t2 = idom(n2);
      while (dom_depth(t2) == d2) {
        if (t2 == n1)  return n1;
        _dom_lca_tags.map(t2->_idx, tag);
        t2 = idom(t2);
      }
      // Move up to a new dominator-depth value as well as up the dom-tree.
      n1 = t1;
      n2 = t2;
      d1 = dom_depth(n1);
      d2 = dom_depth(n2);
    }
  } while (n1 != n2);
  return n1;
}

//------------------------------init_dom_lca_tags------------------------------
// Tag could be a node's integer index, 32bits instead of 64bits in some cases
// Intended use does not involve any growth for the array, so it could
// be of fixed size.
void PhaseIdealLoop::init_dom_lca_tags() {
  uint limit = C->unique() + 1;
  _dom_lca_tags.map( limit, NULL );
#ifdef ASSERT
  for( uint i = 0; i < limit; ++i ) {
    assert(_dom_lca_tags[i] == NULL, "Must be distinct from each node pointer");
  }
#endif // ASSERT
}

//------------------------------clear_dom_lca_tags------------------------------
// Tag could be a node's integer index, 32bits instead of 64bits in some cases
// Intended use does not involve any growth for the array, so it could
// be of fixed size.
void PhaseIdealLoop::clear_dom_lca_tags() {
  uint limit = C->unique() + 1;
  _dom_lca_tags.map( limit, NULL );
  _dom_lca_tags.clear();
#ifdef ASSERT
  for( uint i = 0; i < limit; ++i ) {
    assert(_dom_lca_tags[i] == NULL, "Must be distinct from each node pointer");
  }
#endif // ASSERT
}

//------------------------------build_loop_late--------------------------------
// Put Data nodes into some loop nest, by setting the _nodes[]->loop mapping.
// Second pass finds latest legal placement, and ideal loop placement.
void PhaseIdealLoop::build_loop_late( VectorSet &visited, Node_List &worklist, Node_Stack &nstack ) {
  while (worklist.size() != 0) {
    Node *n = worklist.pop();
    // Only visit once
    if (visited.test_set(n->_idx)) continue;
    uint cnt = n->outcnt();
    uint   i = 0;
    while (true) {
      assert( _nodes[n->_idx], "no dead nodes" );
      // Visit all children
      if (i < cnt) {
        Node* use = n->raw_out(i);
        ++i;
        // Check for dead uses.  Aggressively prune such junk.  It might be
        // dead in the global sense, but still have local uses so I cannot
        // easily call 'remove_dead_node'.
        if( _nodes[use->_idx] != NULL || use->is_top() ) { // Not dead?
          // Due to cycles, we might not hit the same fixed point in the verify
          // pass as we do in the regular pass.  Instead, visit such phis as
          // simple uses of the loop head.
          if( use->in(0) && (use->is_CFG() || use->is_Phi()) ) {
            if( !visited.test(use->_idx) )
              worklist.push(use);
          } else if( !visited.test_set(use->_idx) ) {
            nstack.push(n, i); // Save parent and next use's index.
            n   = use;         // Process all children of current use.
            cnt = use->outcnt();
            i   = 0;
          }
        } else {
          // Do not visit around the backedge of loops via data edges.
          // push dead code onto a worklist
          _deadlist.push(use);
        }
      } else {
        // All of n's children have been processed, complete post-processing.
        build_loop_late_post(n);
        if (nstack.is_empty()) {
          // Finished all nodes on stack.
          // Process next node on the worklist.
          break;
        }
        // Get saved parent node and next use's index. Visit the rest of uses.
        n   = nstack.node();
        cnt = n->outcnt();
        i   = nstack.index();
        nstack.pop();
      }
    }
  }
}

// Verify that no data node is schedules in the outer loop of a strip
// mined loop.
void PhaseIdealLoop::verify_strip_mined_scheduling(Node *n, Node* least) {
#ifdef ASSERT
  if (get_loop(least)->_nest == 0) {
    return;
  }
  IdealLoopTree* loop = get_loop(least);
  Node* head = loop->_head;
  if (head->is_OuterStripMinedLoop()) {
    Node* sfpt = head->as_Loop()->outer_safepoint();
    ResourceMark rm;
    Unique_Node_List wq;
    wq.push(sfpt);
    for (uint i = 0; i < wq.size(); i++) {
      Node *m = wq.at(i);
      for (uint i = 1; i < m->req(); i++) {
        Node* nn = m->in(i);
        if (nn == n) {
          return;
        }
        if (nn != NULL && has_ctrl(nn) && get_loop(get_ctrl(nn)) == loop) {
          wq.push(nn);
        }
      }
    }
    ShouldNotReachHere();
  }
#endif
}


//------------------------------build_loop_late_post---------------------------
// Put Data nodes into some loop nest, by setting the _nodes[]->loop mapping.
// Second pass finds latest legal placement, and ideal loop placement.
void PhaseIdealLoop::build_loop_late_post( Node *n ) {

  if (n->req() == 2 && (n->Opcode() == Op_ConvI2L || n->Opcode() == Op_CastII) && !C->major_progress() && !_verify_only) {
    _igvn._worklist.push(n);  // Maybe we'll normalize it, if no more loops.
  }

#ifdef ASSERT
  if (_verify_only && !n->is_CFG()) {
    // Check def-use domination.
    compute_lca_of_uses(n, get_ctrl(n), true /* verify */);
  }
#endif

  // CFG and pinned nodes already handled
  if( n->in(0) ) {
    if( n->in(0)->is_top() ) return; // Dead?

    // We'd like +VerifyLoopOptimizations to not believe that Mod's/Loads
    // _must_ be pinned (they have to observe their control edge of course).
    // Unlike Stores (which modify an unallocable resource, the memory
    // state), Mods/Loads can float around.  So free them up.
    bool pinned = true;
    switch( n->Opcode() ) {
    case Op_DivI:
    case Op_DivF:
    case Op_DivD:
    case Op_ModI:
    case Op_ModF:
    case Op_ModD:
    case Op_LoadB:              // Same with Loads; they can sink
    case Op_LoadUB:             // during loop optimizations.
    case Op_LoadUS:
    case Op_LoadD:
    case Op_LoadF:
    case Op_LoadI:
    case Op_LoadKlass:
    case Op_LoadNKlass:
    case Op_LoadL:
    case Op_LoadS:
    case Op_LoadP:
    case Op_LoadN:
    case Op_LoadRange:
    case Op_LoadD_unaligned:
    case Op_LoadL_unaligned:
    case Op_StrComp:            // Does a bunch of load-like effects
    case Op_StrEquals:
    case Op_StrIndexOf:
    case Op_StrIndexOfChar:
    case Op_AryEq:
    case Op_HasNegatives:
      pinned = false;
    }
    if( pinned ) {
      IdealLoopTree *chosen_loop = get_loop(n->is_CFG() ? n : get_ctrl(n));
      if( !chosen_loop->_child )       // Inner loop?
        chosen_loop->_body.push(n); // Collect inner loops
      return;
    }
  } else {                      // No slot zero
    if( n->is_CFG() ) {         // CFG with no slot 0 is dead
      _nodes.map(n->_idx,0);    // No block setting, it's globally dead
      return;
    }
    assert(!n->is_CFG() || n->outcnt() == 0, "");
  }

  // Do I have a "safe range" I can select over?
  Node *early = get_ctrl(n);// Early location already computed

  // Compute latest point this Node can go
  Node *LCA = get_late_ctrl( n, early );
  // LCA is NULL due to uses being dead
  if( LCA == NULL ) {
#ifdef ASSERT
    for (DUIterator i1 = n->outs(); n->has_out(i1); i1++) {
      assert( _nodes[n->out(i1)->_idx] == NULL, "all uses must also be dead");
    }
#endif
    _nodes.map(n->_idx, 0);     // This node is useless
    _deadlist.push(n);
    return;
  }
  assert(LCA != NULL && !LCA->is_top(), "no dead nodes");

  Node *legal = LCA;            // Walk 'legal' up the IDOM chain
  Node *least = legal;          // Best legal position so far
  while( early != legal ) {     // While not at earliest legal
#ifdef ASSERT
    if (legal->is_Start() && !early->is_Root()) {
      // Bad graph. Print idom path and fail.
      dump_bad_graph("Bad graph detected in build_loop_late", n, early, LCA);
      assert(false, "Bad graph detected in build_loop_late");
    }
#endif
    // Find least loop nesting depth
    legal = idom(legal);        // Bump up the IDOM tree
    // Check for lower nesting depth
    if( get_loop(legal)->_nest < get_loop(least)->_nest )
      least = legal;
  }
  assert(early == legal || legal != C->root(), "bad dominance of inputs");

  // Try not to place code on a loop entry projection
  // which can inhibit range check elimination.
  if (least != early) {
    Node* ctrl_out = least->unique_ctrl_out();
    if (ctrl_out && ctrl_out->is_Loop() &&
        least == ctrl_out->in(LoopNode::EntryControl) &&
        (ctrl_out->is_CountedLoop() || ctrl_out->is_OuterStripMinedLoop())) {
      Node* least_dom = idom(least);
      if (get_loop(least_dom)->is_member(get_loop(least))) {
        least = least_dom;
      }
    }
  }

#ifdef ASSERT
  // If verifying, verify that 'verify_me' has a legal location
  // and choose it as our location.
  if( _verify_me ) {
    Node *v_ctrl = _verify_me->get_ctrl_no_update(n);
    Node *legal = LCA;
    while( early != legal ) {   // While not at earliest legal
      if( legal == v_ctrl ) break;  // Check for prior good location
      legal = idom(legal)      ;// Bump up the IDOM tree
    }
    // Check for prior good location
    if( legal == v_ctrl ) least = legal; // Keep prior if found
  }
#endif

  // Assign discovered "here or above" point
  least = find_non_split_ctrl(least);
  verify_strip_mined_scheduling(n, least);
  set_ctrl(n, least);

  // Collect inner loop bodies
  IdealLoopTree *chosen_loop = get_loop(least);
  if( !chosen_loop->_child )   // Inner loop?
    chosen_loop->_body.push(n);// Collect inner loops
}

#ifdef ASSERT
void PhaseIdealLoop::dump_bad_graph(const char* msg, Node* n, Node* early, Node* LCA) {
  tty->print_cr("%s", msg);
  tty->print("n: "); n->dump();
  tty->print("early(n): "); early->dump();
  if (n->in(0) != NULL  && !n->in(0)->is_top() &&
      n->in(0) != early && !n->in(0)->is_Root()) {
    tty->print("n->in(0): "); n->in(0)->dump();
  }
  for (uint i = 1; i < n->req(); i++) {
    Node* in1 = n->in(i);
    if (in1 != NULL && in1 != n && !in1->is_top()) {
      tty->print("n->in(%d): ", i); in1->dump();
      Node* in1_early = get_ctrl(in1);
      tty->print("early(n->in(%d)): ", i); in1_early->dump();
      if (in1->in(0) != NULL     && !in1->in(0)->is_top() &&
          in1->in(0) != in1_early && !in1->in(0)->is_Root()) {
        tty->print("n->in(%d)->in(0): ", i); in1->in(0)->dump();
      }
      for (uint j = 1; j < in1->req(); j++) {
        Node* in2 = in1->in(j);
        if (in2 != NULL && in2 != n && in2 != in1 && !in2->is_top()) {
          tty->print("n->in(%d)->in(%d): ", i, j); in2->dump();
          Node* in2_early = get_ctrl(in2);
          tty->print("early(n->in(%d)->in(%d)): ", i, j); in2_early->dump();
          if (in2->in(0) != NULL     && !in2->in(0)->is_top() &&
              in2->in(0) != in2_early && !in2->in(0)->is_Root()) {
            tty->print("n->in(%d)->in(%d)->in(0): ", i, j); in2->in(0)->dump();
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  tty->cr();
  tty->print("LCA(n): "); LCA->dump();
  for (uint i = 0; i < n->outcnt(); i++) {
    Node* u1 = n->raw_out(i);
    if (u1 == n)
      continue;
    tty->print("n->out(%d): ", i); u1->dump();
    if (u1->is_CFG()) {
      for (uint j = 0; j < u1->outcnt(); j++) {
        Node* u2 = u1->raw_out(j);
        if (u2 != u1 && u2 != n && u2->is_CFG()) {
          tty->print("n->out(%d)->out(%d): ", i, j); u2->dump();
        }
      }
    } else {
      Node* u1_later = get_ctrl(u1);
      tty->print("later(n->out(%d)): ", i); u1_later->dump();
      if (u1->in(0) != NULL     && !u1->in(0)->is_top() &&
          u1->in(0) != u1_later && !u1->in(0)->is_Root()) {
        tty->print("n->out(%d)->in(0): ", i); u1->in(0)->dump();
      }
      for (uint j = 0; j < u1->outcnt(); j++) {
        Node* u2 = u1->raw_out(j);
        if (u2 == n || u2 == u1)
          continue;
        tty->print("n->out(%d)->out(%d): ", i, j); u2->dump();
        if (!u2->is_CFG()) {
          Node* u2_later = get_ctrl(u2);
          tty->print("later(n->out(%d)->out(%d)): ", i, j); u2_later->dump();
          if (u2->in(0) != NULL     && !u2->in(0)->is_top() &&
              u2->in(0) != u2_later && !u2->in(0)->is_Root()) {
            tty->print("n->out(%d)->in(0): ", i); u2->in(0)->dump();
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  tty->cr();
  int ct = 0;
  Node *dbg_legal = LCA;
  while(!dbg_legal->is_Start() && ct < 100) {
    tty->print("idom[%d] ",ct); dbg_legal->dump();
    ct++;
    dbg_legal = idom(dbg_legal);
  }
  tty->cr();
}
#endif

#ifndef PRODUCT
//------------------------------dump-------------------------------------------
void PhaseIdealLoop::dump( ) const {
  ResourceMark rm;
  Arena* arena = Thread::current()->resource_area();
  Node_Stack stack(arena, C->live_nodes() >> 2);
  Node_List rpo_list;
  VectorSet visited(arena);
  visited.set(C->top()->_idx);
  rpo( C->root(), stack, visited, rpo_list );
  // Dump root loop indexed by last element in PO order
  dump( _ltree_root, rpo_list.size(), rpo_list );
}

void PhaseIdealLoop::dump( IdealLoopTree *loop, uint idx, Node_List &rpo_list ) const {
  loop->dump_head();

  // Now scan for CFG nodes in the same loop
  for( uint j=idx; j > 0;  j-- ) {
    Node *n = rpo_list[j-1];
    if( !_nodes[n->_idx] )      // Skip dead nodes
      continue;
    if( get_loop(n) != loop ) { // Wrong loop nest
      if( get_loop(n)->_head == n &&    // Found nested loop?
          get_loop(n)->_parent == loop )
        dump(get_loop(n),rpo_list.size(),rpo_list);     // Print it nested-ly
      continue;
    }

    // Dump controlling node
    for( uint x = 0; x < loop->_nest; x++ )
      tty->print("  ");
    tty->print("C");
    if( n == C->root() ) {
      n->dump();
    } else {
      Node* cached_idom   = idom_no_update(n);
      Node *computed_idom = n->in(0);
      if( n->is_Region() ) {
        computed_idom = compute_idom(n);
        // computed_idom() will return n->in(0) when idom(n) is an IfNode (or
        // any MultiBranch ctrl node), so apply a similar transform to
        // the cached idom returned from idom_no_update.
        cached_idom = find_non_split_ctrl(cached_idom);
      }
      tty->print(" ID:%d",computed_idom->_idx);
      n->dump();
      if( cached_idom != computed_idom ) {
        tty->print_cr("*** BROKEN IDOM!  Computed as: %d, cached as: %d",
                      computed_idom->_idx, cached_idom->_idx);
      }
    }
    // Dump nodes it controls
    for( uint k = 0; k < _nodes.Size(); k++ ) {
      // (k < C->unique() && get_ctrl(find(k)) == n)
      if (k < C->unique() && _nodes[k] == (Node*)((intptr_t)n + 1)) {
        Node *m = C->root()->find(k);
        if( m && m->outcnt() > 0 ) {
          if (!(has_ctrl(m) && get_ctrl_no_update(m) == n)) {
            tty->print_cr("*** BROKEN CTRL ACCESSOR!  _nodes[k] is %p, ctrl is %p",
                          _nodes[k], has_ctrl(m) ? get_ctrl_no_update(m) : NULL);
          }
          for( uint j = 0; j < loop->_nest; j++ )
            tty->print("  ");
          tty->print(" ");
          m->dump();
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

// Collect a R-P-O for the whole CFG.
// Result list is in post-order (scan backwards for RPO)
void PhaseIdealLoop::rpo( Node *start, Node_Stack &stk, VectorSet &visited, Node_List &rpo_list ) const {
  stk.push(start, 0);
  visited.set(start->_idx);

  while (stk.is_nonempty()) {
    Node* m   = stk.node();
    uint  idx = stk.index();
    if (idx < m->outcnt()) {
      stk.set_index(idx + 1);
      Node* n = m->raw_out(idx);
      if (n->is_CFG() && !visited.test_set(n->_idx)) {
        stk.push(n, 0);
      }
    } else {
      rpo_list.push(m);
      stk.pop();
    }
  }
}
#endif


//=============================================================================
//------------------------------LoopTreeIterator-----------------------------------

// Advance to next loop tree using a preorder, left-to-right traversal.
void LoopTreeIterator::next() {
  assert(!done(), "must not be done.");
  if (_curnt->_child != NULL) {
    _curnt = _curnt->_child;
  } else if (_curnt->_next != NULL) {
    _curnt = _curnt->_next;
  } else {
    while (_curnt != _root && _curnt->_next == NULL) {
      _curnt = _curnt->_parent;
    }
    if (_curnt == _root) {
      _curnt = NULL;
      assert(done(), "must be done.");
    } else {
      assert(_curnt->_next != NULL, "must be more to do");
      _curnt = _curnt->_next;
    }
  }
}